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1. Al-Fatihah (1) 2. Al-Baqarah (2) 3. Al-Baqarah (2) 4.         " 5.         " 6.         " 7.         " 8.         " 9.         " 10.         " 11.         " 12.         " 13.         " 14.         " 15.         " 16.         " 17.         " 18.         " 19.         " 20.         " 21.         " 22.         " 23.         " 24.         " 25.         " 26.         " 27.         " 28.         " 29.         " 30.         " 31.         " 32.         " 33.         " 34.         " 35.         " 36.         " 37.         " 38.         " 39.         " 40.         " 41.         " 42.         " 43.         " 44.         " 45.         " 46.         " 47.         " 48.         " 49.         " 50. Ali Imran (3)

 

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51. Ali Imran (3) 52. Ali Imran (3) 53.         " 54.         " 55.         " 56.         " 57.         " 58.         " 59.         " 60.         " 61.         " 62.         " 63.         " 64.         " 65.         " 66.         " 67.         " 68.         " 69.         " 70.         " 71.         " 72.         " 73.         " 74.         " 75.         " 76.         " 77. An-Nisa' (4) 78. An-Nisa' (4) 79.         " 80.         " 81.         " 82.         " 83.         " 84.         " 85.         " 86.         " 87.         " 88.         " 89.         " 90.         " 91.         " 92.         " 93.         " 94.         " 95.         " 96.         " 97.         " 98.         " 99.         " 100.         "

 

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101. An-Nisaa' 102. An-Nisaa' 103.         " 104.         " 105.         " 106. Al-Maa'idah (5) 107. Al-Maa'idah 108.         " 109.         " 110.         " 111.         " 112.         " 113.         " 114.         " 115.         " 116.         " 117.         " 118.         " 119.         " 120.         " 121.         " 122.         " 123.         " 124.         " 125.         " 126.         " 127.         " 128. Al-An'aam (6) 129. Al-An'aam 130.         " 131.         " 132.         " 133.         " 134.         " 135.         " 136.         " 137.         " 138.         " 139.         " 140.         " 141.         " 142.         " 143.         " 144.         " 145.         " 146.         " 147.         " 148.         " 149.         " 150.         "

 

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151. Al-A'raaf (7) 152. Surah Al-A'raaf 153.         " 154.         " 155.         " 156.         " 157.         " 158.         " 159.         " 160.         " 161.         " 162.         " 163.         " 164.         " 165.         " 166.         " 167.         " 168.         " 169.         " 170.         " 171.         " 172.         " 173.         " 174.         " 175.         " 176.         " 177. Al-Anfaal (8) 178. Surah Al-Anfaal 179.         " 180.         " 181.         " 182.         " 183.         " 184.         " 185.         " 186.         " 187. At-Taubah (9) 188. Surah At-Taubah 189.         " 190.         " 191.         " 192.         " 193.         " 194.         " 195.         " 196.         " 197.         " 198.         " 199.         " 200.         "

 

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201. At-Taubah 202. At-Taubah 203.         " 204.         " 205.         " 206.         " 207.         " 208. Yunus (10) 209. Yunus 210.         " 211.         " 212.         " 213.         " 214.         " 215.         " 216.         " 217.         " 218.         " 219.         " 220.         " 221. Hud (11) 222. Hud 223.         " 224.         " 225.         " 226.         " 227.         " 228.         " 229.         " 230.         " 231.         " 232.         " 233.         " 234.         " 235. Yusuf (12) 236. Yusuf 237.         " 238.         " 239.         " 240.         " 241.         " 242.         " 243.         " 244.         " 245.         " 246.         " 247.         " 248.         " 249. Ar-Ra'd (13) 250. Ar-Ra'd

 

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251. Ar-Ra'd 252. Ar-Ra'd 253.         " 254.         " 255. Ibrahim (14) 256. Ibrahim 257.         " 258.         " 259.         " 260.         " 261.         " 262. Al-Hijr (15) 263. Al-Hijr 264.         " 265.         " 266.         " 267. Al-Nahl (16) 268. Al-Nahl 269.         " 270.         " 271.         " 272.         " 273.         " 274.         " 275.         " 276.         " 277.         " 278.         " 279.         " 280.         " 281.         " 282. Al-Israa' (17) 283. Al-Israa' 284.         " 285.         " 286.         " 287.         " 288.         " 289.         " 290.         " 291.         " 292.         " 293. Al-Kahfi (18) 294. Al-Kahfi 295.         " 296.         " 297.         " 298.         " 299.         " 300.         "

 

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301. Al-Kahfi 302. Al-Kahfi 303.         " 304.         " 305. Maryam (19) 306. Maryam 307.         " 308.         " 309.         " 310.         " 311.         " 312. Taha (20) 313. Taha 314.         " 315.         " 316.         " 317.         " 318.         " 319.         " 320.         " 321.         " 322. Al-Anbiyaa' (21) 323. Al-Anbiyaa' 324.         " 325.         " 326.         " 327.         " 328.         " 329.         " 330.         " 331.         " 332. Al-Hajj (22) 333. Al-Hajj 334.         " 335.         " 336.         " 337.         " 338.         " 339.         " 340.         " 341.         " 342. Al-Mu'minuun (23) 343. Al-Mu'minuun 344.         " 345.         " 346.         " 347.         " 348.         " 349.         " 350. An-Nuur (24)

 

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351. An-Nuur (24) 352. An-Nuur (24) 353.         " 354.         " 355.         " 356.         " 357.         " 358.         " 359. Al-Furqaan (25) 360. Al-Furqaan (25) 361.         " 362.         " 363.         " 364.         " 365.         " 366.         " 367. Asy-Syu'araa' (26) 368. Asy-Syu'araa' 369.         " 370.         " 371.         " 372.         " 373.         " 374.         " 375.         " 376.         " 377. An-Naml (27) 378. An-Naml 379.         " 380.         " 381.         " 382.         " 383.         " 384.         " 385. Al-Qasas (28) 386. Al-Qasas 387.         " 388.         " 389.         " 390.         " 391.         " 392.         " 393.         " 394.         " 395.         " 396. Al-'Ankabuut (29) 397. Al-'Ankabuut 398.         " 399.         " 400.         "

 

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401. Al-'Ankabut 402. Al-'Ankabut 403.         " 404. Ar-Rum (30) 405. Ar-Rum 406.         " 407.         " 408.         " 409.         " 410.         " 411. Luqman (31) 412. Luqman 413.         " 414.         " 415. As-Sajdah (32) 416. As-Sajdah 417.         " 418. Al-Ahzab (33) 419. Al-Ahzab 420.         " 421.         " 422.         " 423.         " 424.         " 425.         " 426.         " 427.         " 428. Saba' (34) 429. Saba' 430.         " 431.         " 432.         " 433.         " 434. Faatir (35) 435. Faatir 436.         " 437.         " 438.         " 439.         " 440. Ya Siin (36) 441. Ya Siin 442.         " 443.         " 444.         " 445.         " 446. As-Saaffaat (37) 447. As-Saaffaat 448.         " 449.         " 450.         "

 

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451. As-Saaffaat 452. As-Saaffaat 453. Saad (38) 454. Saad 455.         " 456.         " 457.         " 458. Az-Zumar (39) 459. Az-Zumar 460.         " 461.         " 462.         " 463.         " 464.         " 465.         " 466.         " 467. Ghaafir (40) 468. Ghaafir 469.         " 470.         " 471.         " 472.         " 473.         " 474.         " 475.         " 476.         " 477. Fussilat (41) 478. Fussilat 479.         " 480.         " 481.         " 482.         " 483. Asy-Syuura (42) 484. Asy-Syuura 485.         " 486.         " 487.         " 488.         " 489. Az-Zukhruf (43) 490. Az-Zukhruf 491.         " 492.         " 493.         " 494.         " 495.         " 496. Ad-Dukhaan (44) 497. Ad-Dukhaan 498.         " 499. Al-Jaathiyah (45) 500. Al-Jaathiyah

 

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501. Al-Jaathiyah 502. Al-Ahqaaf (46) 503. Al-Ahqaaf 504.         " 505.         " 506.         " 507. Muhammad (47) 508. Muhammad 509.         " 510.         " 511. Al-Fat-h (48) 512. Al-Fat-h 513.         " 514.         " 515. Al-Hujuraat (49) 516. Al-Hujuraat 517.         " 518. Qaaf (50) 519. Qaaf 520. Adz-Dzaariyaat (51) 521. Adz-Dzaariyaat 522.         " 523. At-Tuur (52) 524. At-Tuur 525.         " 526. An-Najm (53) 527. An-Najm 528. Al-Qamar (54) 529. Al-Qamar 530.         " 531. Ar-Rahmaan (55) 532. Ar-Rahmaan 533.         " 534. Al-Waaqi'ah (56) 535. Al-Waaqi'ah 536.         " 537. Al-Hadiid (57) 538. Al-Hadiid 539.         " 540.         " 541.         " 542. Al-Mujaadalah (58) 543. Al-Mujaadalah 544.         " 545. Al-Hasy-r (59) 546. Al-Hasy-r 547.         " 548.         " 549. Al-Mumtahanah (60) 550. Al-Mumtahanah

 

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551. As-Soff (61) 552. As-Soff 553. Al-Jumu'ah (62) 554. Al-Munafiqun (63) 555. Al-Munafiqun (63) 556. At-Taghobun (64) 557. At-Taghobun (64) 558. At-Tolaaq (65) 559. At-Tolaaq (65) 560. At-Tahrim (66) 561. At-Tahrim (66) 562. Al-Mulk (67) 563. Al-Mulk (67) 564. Al-Qolam (68) 565. Al-Qolam (68) 566. Al-Haaqqah (69) 567. Al-Haaqqah (69) 568. Al-Ma'arij (70) 569. Al-Ma'arij (70) 570. Nuh (71) 571. Nuh (71) 572. Al-Jinn (72) 573. Al-Jinn (72) 574. Al-Muzzammil (73) 575. Al-Muddassir (74) 576. Al-Muddassir (74) 577. Al-Qiyamah (75) 578. Al-Insaan (76) 579. Al-Insaan (76) 580. Al-Mursalat (77) 581. Al-Mursalat 582. An-Naba' (78) 583. An-Nazi'aat (79) 584. An-Nazi'aat 585. 'Abasa (80) 586. At-Takwir (81) 587. Al-Infithor (82) 588. Al-Muthoffifin 589. Al-Insyiqaq (84) 590. Al-Buruj (85) 591. At-Thoriq (86) 592. Al-Ghosyiah (88) 593. Al-Fajr (89) 594. Al-Balad (90) 595. Asy-Syams (91) 596. Ad-Dhuha (93) 597. At-Tin (95) 598. Al-Qadr (97) 599. Az-Zalzalah (99) 600. Al-Qori'ah (101) 601. Al-'Asr (103) 602. Quraisy (106) 603. Al-Kafirun (109) 604. Al-Ikhlas (112)

 

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6 - Al-An'aam

DAILY MOTIVATION ................... more

Quranic Knowledge   

    

Dakwah Knowledge

            

 Geo - Mosque News & Stay ... more 

Hist - Mosque News & Stay 

El Rehme Mosque, Kalak, Iraq

Khazir River, a tributary of Great Zab River

In 750 CE, the last Umayyad caliph Marwan II was defeated by the Abbasid As-Saffah in the Battle of the Zab on the banks of the Khazir River, a tributary to the Great Zab.

 

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 V:  131-132    User Guide 
         H:  51-52

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 Geo - Mosque News & Stay 

Järvenpää Mosque is a mosque located in the town of JärvenpääUusimaaFinland, 30 kilometres outside the capital Helsinki.

It was built in 1942 by Finnish Tatars and it is owned by Finnish Islamic Congregation (Tatar: Finlandiya Islam Cemaati). The mosque is made of wood and it has a small minaret although it has never been used for the call to prayer. Järvenpää mosque is the only building in Finland that is originally built to serve as a mosque.[1] It was renovated in 2009.

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Islam in Finland

Islam is a minority religion in Finland. The first Muslims were Tatars who immigrated mainly between 1870 and 1920.[citation needed]After that there were decades with generally a small number of immigration in Finland. Since the late 20th century the number of Muslims in Finland has increased rapidly due to immigration. Nowadays, there are dozens of Islamic communities in Finland, but only a minority of Muslims have joined them. Pew Research Center estimates that in 2016 about 2.7% of Finland's 5.5 million population is Muslim. In the high migration scenario, Finland's Muslim population could grow to 15% by 2050.[1] In December 2017 the city of Helsinki rejected a proposal to build a large mosque financed by funds from Bahrain. The application was rejected as it was unclear which movement of Islam would dominate its prayers and the attendant risk of radicalization and conflict between different religious communities.

Baltic Tatars

The Baltic Tatars arrived in Finland as merchants and soldiers at the end of the 19th century. They were later joined by other family members. The Finnish Islamic Association (FinnishSuomen Islam-seurakunta) was founded in 1925. In practice, this society only accepts people from Tatar origin, or Turkic origin in general, as members, excluding non-Turkic speaking Muslims. The Finnish Tatars's Islamic congregations have a total of about 1,000 members these days.

Modern immigration

The number of immigrants, and Muslims as well, in Finland rose considerably in the early 1990s. Soon new immigrants established their own mosques and societies. In 1996 these groups came together to form a cooperative organ - the Federation of Islamic Organizations in Finland. It is estimated that approximately 1,000 Finns have converted to Islam. The vast majority of these are women who have married Muslim men.

Hundreds of Muslim asylum seekers and refugees from Iraq and Afghanistan convert to Christianity after having had their first asylum application rejected by the Finnish Immigration Service (Migri), in order to re-apply for asylum on the grounds of religious persecution.

In May 2018, the Minister of Justice Antti Häkkänen responded to academics who had demanded that sharia law and other laws from foreign cultures be incorporated into the justice system of Finland. He stated that "religion or culture can never justify abuse of women and children, such as female genital mutilation or child marriage. There is no place for Sharia law or parallel societies in Finland. Human rights apply to all equally."

 

Islamic societies

Table 1: Largest Islamic Societies in Finland 2009
Name Registered Home Members
Finnish Islamic Association 1925 Helsinki 567
Islamic Society of Finland 1987 Helsinki 1 097
Helsinki Islamic Center 1995 Helsinki 1 817
Tampere Islamic Society 1998 Tampere 837
Islamic Rahma Center in Finland 1998 Helsinki 575
Islamic Society of Northern Finland 2000 Oulu 361
Resalat islamilainen yhdyskunta 2001 Vantaa 486

There are dozens of independent Islamic societies in Finland. The oldest one is Finnish Islamic Association which was established in 1925. It has about 700 members of whom all are Tatars. The society has mosques in HelsinkiTampere and Lahti. The only building established only as mosque in Finland is Järvenpää mosque.

The Islamic Society of Finland was established in 1987. Its members are mainly Arabs, but also Finnish converts. The society has a mosque and Koran school in Helsinki. The Helsinki Islamic Center is currently the biggest society with almost 2,000 members. Furthermore, there are a dozen other Islamic societies in Helsinki region, some of them are not officially registered.

Most of mosques are multilingual, but the most commonly used languages are usually English and Finnish. Religious services are held in Arabic.

 

Muslim majority ethnic groups by languageEdit

Numbers are based on the Statistics Finland (language, 2017).[7]

Total: 102,696

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1. TAJWEED: TARANNUM

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                    back to top

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2.TRANSLATIONS: COMMENTARIES

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A .... ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر

B .... ENGLISH

Saheeh International

C ..... ENGLISH

Basmeih

D ..... CHINESE

Ma Jian

E ...... ARABIC: ENGLISH: ENGLISH: CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر: Saheeh International: Basmeih: Ma Jian
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Celik Tafsir
Tafsir Surah al-An’am Ayat 36 – 39 (Taqdir Allah menentukan)

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A ..... ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar: تفسير المیسر

٣٦  إِنَّمَا يَسْتَجِيبُ الَّذِينَ يَسْمَعُونَ ۘ وَالْمَوْتَىٰ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّهُ ثُمَّ إِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ

٣٦  إنما يجيبك -أيها الرسول- إلى ما دعوت إليه من الهدى الذين يسمعون الكلام سماع قبول. أما الكفار فهم في عداد الموتى؛ لأن الحياة الحقيقية إنما تكون بالإسلام. والموتى يخرجهم الله من قبورهم أحياء، ثم يعودون إليه يوم القيامة ليوفوا حسابهم وجزاءهم.

٣٧  وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا نُزِّلَ عَلَيْهِ آيَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ ۚ قُلْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ أَنْ يُنَزِّلَ آيَةً وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

٣٧  وقال المشركون -تعنتًا واستكبارًا-: هلا أنزل الله علامة تدل على صدق محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم من نوع العلامات الخارقة، قل لهم -أيها الرسول-: إن الله قادر على أن ينزل عليهم آية، ولكن أكثرهم لا يعلمون أن إنزال الآيات إنما يكون وَفْق حكمته تعالى.

٣٨  وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُمْ ۚ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ

٣٨  ليس في الأرض حيوان يَدِبُّ على الأرض أو طائر يطير في السماء بجناحيه إلا جماعات متجانسة الخلق مثلكم. ما تركنا في اللوح المحفوظ شيئًا إلا أثبتناه، ثم إنهم إلى ربهم يحشرون يوم القيامة، فيحاسب الله كلا بما عمل.

٣٩  وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا صُمٌّ وَبُكْمٌ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ مَنْ يَشَإِ اللَّهُ يُضْلِلْهُ وَمَنْ يَشَأْ يَجْعَلْهُ عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ

٣٩  والذين كذبوا بحجج الله تعالى صمٌّ لا يسمعون ما ينفعهم، بُكْمٌ لا يتكلمون بالحق، فهم حائرون في الظلمات، لم يختاروا طريقة الاستقامة. من يشأ الله إضلاله يضلله، ومن يشأ هدايته يجعله على صراط مستقيم.

٤٠  قُلْ أَرَأَيْتَكُمْ إِنْ أَتَاكُمْ عَذَابُ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَتَتْكُمُ السَّاعَةُ أَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ تَدْعُونَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

٤٠  قل -أيها الرسول- لهؤلاء المشركين: أخبروني إن جاءكم عذاب الله في الدنيا أو جاءتكم الساعة التي تبعثون فيها: أغير الله تدعون هناك لكشف ما نزل بكم من البلاء، إن كتم محقين في زعمكم أن آلهتكم التي تعبدونها من دون الله تنفع أو تضر؟

٤١  بَلْ إِيَّاهُ تَدْعُونَ فَيَكْشِفُ مَا تَدْعُونَ إِلَيْهِ إِنْ شَاءَ وَتَنْسَوْنَ مَا تُشْرِكُونَ

٤١  بل تدعون -هناك- ربكم الذي خلقكم لا غيره، وتستغيثون به، فيفرج عنكم البلاء العظيم النازل بكم إن شاء؛ لأنه القادر على كل شيء، وتتركون حينئذ أصنامكم وأوثانكم وأولياءكم.

٤٢  وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَىٰ أُمَمٍ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فَأَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِالْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَضَرَّعُونَ

٤٢  ولقد بعثنا -أيها الرسول- إلى جماعات من الناس من قبلك رسلا يدعونهم إلى الله تعالى، فكذَّبوهم، فابتليناهم في أموالهم بشدة الفقر وضيق المعيشة، وابتليناهم في أجسامهم بالأمراض والآلام؛ رجاء أن يتذللوا لربهم، ويخضعوا له وحده بالعبادة.

٤٣  فَلَوْلَا إِذْ جَاءَهُمْ بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُوا وَلَٰكِنْ قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

٤٣  فهلا إذ جاء هذه الأمم المكذبة بلاؤنا تذللوا لنا، ولكن قست قلوبهم، وزيَّن لهم الشيطان ما كانوا يعملون من المعاصي، ويأتون من الشرك.

٤٤  فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَرِحُوا بِمَا أُوتُوا أَخَذْنَاهُمْ بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ مُبْلِسُونَ

٤٤  فلما تركوا العمل بأوامر الله تعالى معرضين عنها، فتحنا عليهم أبواب كل شيء من الرزق فأبدلناهم بالبأساء رخاءً في العيش، وبالضراء صحة في الأجسام؛ استدراجا منا لهم، حتى إذا بطروا، وأعجبوا بما أعطيناهم من الخير والنعمة أخذناهم بالعذاب فجأة، فإذا هم آيسون منقطعون من كل خير.

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B .... ENGLISH

Saheeh International

٣٦  إِنَّمَا يَسْتَجِيبُ الَّذِينَ يَسْمَعُونَ ۘ وَالْمَوْتَىٰ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّهُ ثُمَّ إِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ

36  Only those who hear will respond. But the dead - Allah will resurrect them; then to Him they will be returned.

٣٧  وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا نُزِّلَ عَلَيْهِ آيَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ ۚ قُلْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ أَنْ يُنَزِّلَ آيَةً وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

37  And they say, "Why has a sign not been sent down to him from his Lord?" Say, "Indeed, Allah is Able to send down a sign, but most of them do not know."

٣٨  وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُمْ ۚ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ

38  And there is no creature on [or within] the earth or bird that flies with its wings except [that they are] communities like you. We have not neglected in the Register a thing. Then unto their Lord they will be gathered.

٣٩  وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا صُمٌّ وَبُكْمٌ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ مَنْ يَشَإِ اللَّهُ يُضْلِلْهُ وَمَنْ يَشَأْ يَجْعَلْهُ عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ

39  But those who deny Our verses are deaf and dumb within darknesses. Whomever Allah wills - He leaves astray; and whomever He wills - He puts him on a straight path.

٤٠  قُلْ أَرَأَيْتَكُمْ إِنْ أَتَاكُمْ عَذَابُ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَتَتْكُمُ السَّاعَةُ أَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ تَدْعُونَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

40  Say, "Have you considered: if there came to you the punishment of Allah or there came to you the Hour - is it other than Allah you would invoke, if you should be truthful?"

٤١  بَلْ إِيَّاهُ تَدْعُونَ فَيَكْشِفُ مَا تَدْعُونَ إِلَيْهِ إِنْ شَاءَ وَتَنْسَوْنَ مَا تُشْرِكُونَ

41  No, it is Him [alone] you would invoke, and He would remove that for which you invoked Him if He willed, and you would forget what you associate [with Him].

٤٢  وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَىٰ أُمَمٍ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فَأَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِالْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَضَرَّعُونَ

42  And We have already sent [messengers] to nations before you, [O Muhammad]; then We seized them with poverty and hardship that perhaps they might humble themselves [to Us].

٤٣  فَلَوْلَا إِذْ جَاءَهُمْ بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُوا وَلَٰكِنْ قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

43  Then why, when Our punishment came to them, did they not humble themselves? But their hearts became hardened, and Satan made attractive to them that which they were doing.

٤٤  فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَرِحُوا بِمَا أُوتُوا أَخَذْنَاهُمْ بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ مُبْلِسُونَ

44  So when they forgot that by which they had been reminded, We opened to them the doors of every [good] thing until, when they rejoiced in that which they were given, We seized them suddenly, and they were [then] in despair.

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C ..... ENGLISH

Basmeih

٣٦  إِنَّمَا يَسْتَجِيبُ الَّذِينَ يَسْمَعُونَ ۘ وَالْمَوْتَىٰ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّهُ ثُمَّ إِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ

36  Hanyasanya orang-orang yang menyahut seruanmu itu ialah mereka yang mendengar (yang mahu menurut kebenaran); sedang orang-orang yang mati Allah bangkitkan mereka semula (pada hari kiamat kelak), kemudian mereka dikembalikan kepadaNya untuk menerima balasan.

٣٧  وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا نُزِّلَ عَلَيْهِ آيَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ ۚ قُلْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ أَنْ يُنَزِّلَ آيَةً وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

37  Dan mereka (golongan kafir musyrik) berkata: "Alangkah eloknya kalau diturunkan kepada Muhammad satu mukjizat dari Tuhannya?" Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): "Sesungguhnya Allah berkuasa menurunkan mukjizat", akan tetapi kebanyakan mereka tidak mengetahui (balasan yang akan menimpa mereka kalau mereka enggan beriman).

٣٨  وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُمْ ۚ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ

38  Dan tidak seekor pun binatang yang melata di bumi, dan tidak seekor pun burung yang terbang dengan kedua sayapnya, melainkan mereka umat-umat seperti kamu. Tiada Kami tinggalkan sesuatu pun di dalam kitab Al-Quran ini; kemudian mereka semuanya akan dihimpunkan kepada Tuhan mereka (untuk dihisab dan menerima balasan).

٣٩  وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا صُمٌّ وَبُكْمٌ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ مَنْ يَشَإِ اللَّهُ يُضْلِلْهُ وَمَنْ يَشَأْ يَجْعَلْهُ عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ

39  Dan orang-orang yang mendustakan ayat-ayat keterangan Kami, mereka adalah bisu dan tuli, di dalam gelap-gelita. Sesiapa yang Allah kehendaki: akan disesatkannya (menurut peraturan tetapNya), dan sesiapa yang Ia kehendaki: akan dijadikannya atas jalan yang betul lurus.

٤٠  قُلْ أَرَأَيْتَكُمْ إِنْ أَتَاكُمْ عَذَابُ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَتَتْكُمُ السَّاعَةُ أَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ تَدْعُونَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

40  Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): "Khabarkanlah kepadaku, jika datang kepada kamu azab Allah, atau datang kepada kamu hari kiamat, adakah kamu akan menyeru yang lain dari Allah (untuk menolong kamu), jika betul kamu orang-orang yang benar?"

٤١  بَلْ إِيَّاهُ تَدْعُونَ فَيَكْشِفُ مَا تَدْعُونَ إِلَيْهِ إِنْ شَاءَ وَتَنْسَوْنَ مَا تُشْرِكُونَ

41  Bahkan Dia lah (Allah) yang kamu seru lalu Ia hapuskan bahaya yang kamu pohonkan kepadaNya jika Ia kehendaki; dan kamu lupakan apa yang kamu sekutukan (dengan Allah dalam masa kamu ditimpa bahaya itu).

٤٢  وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَىٰ أُمَمٍ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فَأَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِالْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَضَرَّعُونَ

42  Dan demi sesungguhnya Kami telah utuskan Rasul-rasul kepada umat-umat yang dahulu daripadamu (lalu mereka mendustakannya), maka Kami seksakan mereka dengan kebuluran dan penyakit, supaya mereka berdoa (kepada Kami) dangan merendah diri (serta insaf dan bertaubat).

٤٣  فَلَوْلَا إِذْ جَاءَهُمْ بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُوا وَلَٰكِنْ قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

43  Maka alangkah eloknya kalau mereka berdoa kepada Kami dengan merendah diri (serta insaf dan bertaubat) ketika mereka ditimpa azab Kami? Tetapi yang sebenarnya hati mereka keras (tidak mahu menerima kebenaran), dan Syaitan pula memperelokkan pada (pandangan) mereka apa yang mereka telah lakukan.

٤٤  فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَرِحُوا بِمَا أُوتُوا أَخَذْنَاهُمْ بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ مُبْلِسُونَ

44  Kemudian apabila mereka melupakan apa yang telah diperingatkan mereka dengannya, Kami bukakan kepada mereka pintu-pintu segala kemewahan dan kesenangan, sehingga apabila mereka bergembira dan bersukaria dengan segala nikmat yang diberikan kepada mereka, Kami timpakan mereka secara mengejut (dengan bala bencana yang membinasakan), maka mereka pun berputus asa (dari mendapat sebarang pertolongan).

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D ..... CHINESE

Ma Jian

٣٦  إِنَّمَا يَسْتَجِيبُ الَّذِينَ يَسْمَعُونَ ۘ وَالْمَوْتَىٰ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّهُ ثُمَّ إِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ

36  只有会听话的人,响应你的号召。至于那些死人,真主将来要使他们复活,然后,把他们集合在他那里。

٣٧  وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا نُزِّلَ عَلَيْهِ آيَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِ ۚ قُلْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ أَنْ يُنَزِّلَ آيَةً وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

37  他们说:为什么没有一种迹象从他的主降临他呢?你说:真主确是能降示一种迹象的。但他们大半不知道。

٣٨  وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُمْ ۚ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ

38  在大地上行走的兽类和用两翼飞翔的鸟类,都跟你们一样,各有种族的--我在天经里没有遗漏任何事物;一切鸟兽,都要被集合在他们的主那里。

٣٩  وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا صُمٌّ وَبُكْمٌ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ مَنْ يَشَإِ اللَّهُ يُضْلِلْهُ وَمَنْ يَشَأْ يَجْعَلْهُ عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ

39  否认我的迹象的人,是又聋又哑的,是在重重黑暗中的。真主欲使谁误入迷途,就使谁误入迷途;欲使谁遵循正路,就使谁遵循正路。

٤٠  قُلْ أَرَأَيْتَكُمْ إِنْ أَتَاكُمْ عَذَابُ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَتَتْكُمُ السَّاعَةُ أَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ تَدْعُونَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

40  你说:如果你们是诚实的人,那末,你们告诉我吧:如果真主的刑罚或复活 的时刻降临你们,那末,你们要舍真主而祈祷他物吗?

٤١  بَلْ إِيَّاهُ تَدْعُونَ فَيَكْشِفُ مَا تَدْعُونَ إِلَيْهِ إِنْ شَاءَ وَتَنْسَوْنَ مَا تُشْرِكُونَ

41  不然,你们只祈祷真主;如果他意欲,他就解除你们祈求他解除的灾难,你们将忘却你们所用来配他的(一切偶像)。

٤٢  وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَىٰ أُمَمٍ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فَأَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِالْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَضَرَّعُونَ

42  在你之前,我确已派遣(许多使者)去教化各民族,(他们否认使者的使命),故我以穷困和患难惩治他们,以便他们谦逊。

٤٣  فَلَوْلَا إِذْ جَاءَهُمْ بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُوا وَلَٰكِنْ قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

43  当我的惩罚降临的时候,他们为什么不谦逊呢?但他们的心坚硬,恶魔以他们的行为迷惑他们。

٤٤  فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَرِحُوا بِمَا أُوتُوا أَخَذْنَاهُمْ بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ مُبْلِسُونَ

44  当他们忘却自己所受的劝告的时候,我为他们开辟一切福利之门,直到他们因自己所受的赏赐而狂喜的时候,我忽然惩治他们,而他们立刻变成沮丧的。

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E ...... ARABIC: ENGLISH: ENGLISH: CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر: Saheeh International: Basmeih: Ma Jian

 

 

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3. LEARN ARABIC: OTHER LANGUAGES


 

فعل

مجهول

مضارع

فعل

مجهول

ماض

فعل

معلوم

مضارع

فعل

معلوم

ماض

 

يفعل

فعل

يفعل

فعل

 I

يفعل

فعل

يفعل

فعل

II

يفاعل

فوعل

يفاعل

فاعل

III

يفعل

أفعل

يفعل

أفعل

IV

يتفعل

تفعل

يتفعل

تفعل

V

يتفاعل

تفوعل

يتفاعل

تفاعل

VI

ينفعل

أنفعل

ينفعل

إنفعل

VII

يفتعل

أفتعل

يفتعل

إفتعل

VIII

يفعل

أفعل

يفعل

إفعل

IX

يستفعل

أستفعل

يستفعل

إستفعل

X

 

مصدر

فعل

النهي

فعل

الأمر

 

فعل

لاتفعل

إفعل

 I

تفعيل

لاتفعل

فعل

II

مفاعلة

لاتفاعل

فاعل

III

إفعال

لاتفعل

أفعل

IV

تفعل

لاتتفعل

تفعل

V

تفاعل

لاتتفاعل

تفاعل

VI

إنفعال

لاتنفعل

إنفعل

VII

إفتعال

لاتفتعل

إفتعل

VIII

إفعلال

 

 

IX

إستفعال

لاتستفعل

إستفعل

X

 

إسم

الألة

إسم

المكن

الزمان

إسم

المفعول

إسم

الفاعل

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعول

فاعل

I

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

II

 

مفاعل

مفاعل

مفاعل

III

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

IV

 

متفعل

متفعل

متفعل

V

 

متفاعل

متفاعل

متفاعل

VI

 

منفعل

منفعل

منفعل

VII

 

مفتعل

مفتعل

مفتعل

VIII

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

IX

 

مستفعل

مستفعل

مستفعل

X

 

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4. ANSWERING CRITIQUES ON ISLAM

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5. DO NOT BE HIKMAH

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6. PEOPLE REVERTING TO ISLAM

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7. QURANIC MIRACLES & OTHERS

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8. Dakwah Songs

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User Guide

HAFALAN & ULANGAN ...... KAEDAH QAWAN - ada 10 Level

All the Koran in the world is printed on 604 pages. The Qawan Method divides the Qur'an into six parts.

Method of choosing a partner .....    

1.Install pages between 2 constituents.

2.The word is not long.

3. Suitable for reading in the first and second rakaat prayers.

4. Suitable for the tazkirah after prayer.

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LEVEL 1

6 Horizontal Section (Horizontal - H)

Just a pair of pages between 2 constituents.

Saturday: ms 1- 100      

Sunday: ms 101 - 200

First Day: pg. 201 - 300

Tuesday: ms 301 - 400

Wednesday: ms 401 - 500

Thursday: ms 501 - 604

Friday: Review all just able

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6 Vertical Parts (V) 

Only the pair of pages (ms) of the entire Qur'an, between 2 constituents that end up with a certain number

H.Sabtu: ms end 01-02

H Sunday: ms end 21-22

H.Nnin: ms end 41-42

H.Selasa: ms end 61-62

H.Rabu: ms end 81-82

H.Khamis: ms end of 99-00

Friday: Review all just able

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LEVEL 2 ..... coming soon

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more

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........... more

DAILY REMINDER

1. QURAN                                             

404: Al Ankabut 29: 69

  والذين جاهدوا فينا لنهدينهم سبلنا وإن الله لمع المحسنين

507: Muhammad 47: 7

  يا أيها الذين آمنوا إن تنصروا الله ينصركم ويثبت أقدامكم

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2. HADITH                                             

HR Imam Malik in Al Muwatta
"تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما تمسكتم بهما كتاب الله وسنة نبيه

HR Abu Daud & Termidhi ... Hadith Hasan Sahih
فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء الراشدين المهديين. 

HR Muslim
"إذا مات الأنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث: صدقة جارية, أو علم ينتفع به, أو ولد صالح يدعو له"

HR Bukhari
"خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه"

HR Termizi .... Hadith Hasan Sahih
"يا أيها الناس أفشوا السلام, وأطعموا الطعام, وصلوا الأرحام وصلوا والناس نيام, تدخلوا الجنة بسلام"

Sunan Ibn Majah ..... Grade Hasan (Darussalam)
ثم قال: يا رسول الله أى المؤمنين أفضل قال: "أحسنهم خلقا". قال فأى المؤمنين أكيس قال: " أكثرهم للموت ذكرا وأحسنهم لما بعده استعدادا أولئك الأكياس "

(Hadith ini muttafaq 'alaih)

اليد العليا خير من اليد السفلى

HR Bukhari

وإن أحب الأعمال إلى الله ما دام وإن قل

 

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3. HELP OF PROPHET & SAHABAT         

History of success in early Islam during the time of the Prophet and Caliph Ar Rasyidin: 

       Metallic fittings ...... less

       Conformity ....... is high

       Ten Companions of the Prophet who are guaranteed paradise ..... the rich majority, but generous .... especially Abdurrahman bin Auf RA ..... The FATONAH looking for opportunities to be the above hands 

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سورة الأنعام ٦الجزء ٧

١٣٢

ﭑﭒﭓﭔﭕﭖﭗﭘﭙﭚﭛ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭜﭝﭞﭟﭠﭡﭢﭣﭤﭥﭦﭧﭨ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭩﭪﭫﭬﭭﭮﭯﭰﭱﭲﭳ
|||||||||37|and not
dan tidaklah
ﭴﭵﭶﭷﭸﭹﭺﭻﭼﭽﭾﭿ
from
dari|creature
ciptaan|on
atas|the earth
bumi|and not
dan tidaklah|bird
burung|that flies
yang berterbangan|with its wings
dengan sayapnya|except
kecuali|communities
umat|like you
seperti kamu
ﮀﮁﮂﮃﮄﮅﮆﮇﮈﮉﮊﮋ
not
tidaklah|We have neglected
Kami tinggalkan|in
dalam|the Register
kitab|from
daripada|a thing
sesuatu||Then
kemudian|unto
kepada|their Lord
tuhan kamu|will be gathered
akan dikumpulkan
ﮌﮍﮎﮏﮐﮑﮒﮓﮔﮕﮖ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮗﮘﮙﮚﮛﮜﮝﮞﮟ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮠﮡﮢﮣﮤﮥﮦﮧﮨﮩ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮪﮫﮬﮭﮮﮯﮰﮱﯓﯔ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯕﯖﯗﯘﯙﯚﯛﯜﯝﯞ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯟﯠﯡﯢﯣﯤﯥﯦﯧ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯨﯩﯪﯫﯬﯭﯮﯯﯰ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯱﯲﯳﯴﯵﯶﯷﯸ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯹﯺﯻﯼﯽﯾﯿﰀﰁ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﰂﰃﰄﰅﰆﰇﰈﰉﰊﰋﰌ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0

132

الجزء ٧سورة الأنعام ٦

١٣١

ﭑﭒﭓﭔﭕﭖﭗﭘﭙﭚﭛﭜﭝﭞﭟ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭠﭡﭢﭣﭤﭥﭦﭧﭨﭩﭪ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭫﭬﭭﭮﭯﭰﭱﭲﭳﭴﭵﭶ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭷﭸﭹﭺﭻﭼﭽﭾﭿﮀﮁﮂ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮃﮄﮅﮆﮇﮈﮉﮊﮋﮌﮍﮎ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮏﮐﮑﮒﮓﮔﮕﮖﮗﮘ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮙﮚﮛﮜﮝﮞﮟﮠﮡﮢﮣﮤ
||||||||and not
dan tidaklah|the life
kehidupan|worldly
dunia|except
kecuali
ﮥﮦﮧﮨﮩﮪﮫﮬﮭﮮﮯ
egames
mainan|and deception
dan tipudaya||and the country
dan negara|of the hereafter
yang di akhirat|is the best
adalah terbaik|for those who
kepada siapa yang|fear Allah
takut kepada Allah||is it so not
adakah maka tidak|you are thinking
kamu berfikir
ﮰﮱﯓﯔﯕﯖﯗﯘﯙﯚﯛ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯜﯝﯞﯟﯠﯡﯢﯣ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯤﯥﯦﯧﯨﯩﯪﯫﯬﯭﯮﯯ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯰﯱﯲﯳﯴﯵﯶﯷﯸﯹ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯺﯻﯼﯽﯾﯿﰀﰁﰂﰃ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﰄﰅﰆﰇﰈﰉﰊﰋﰌﰍﰎﰏ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﰐﰑﰒﰓﰔﰕﰖﰗﰘﰙ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0

131

131

6 - Al-An'aam

DAILY MOTIVATION ................... more

Quranic Knowledge  

      

Dakwah Knowledge 

             

Geo - Mosque News & Stay ... more

Hist - Mosque News & Stay 

The Great Mosque of Kufa

Assassination in Kufa

The Great Mosque of Kufa, where Ali was fatally attacked

On 19 Ramadan AH 40, which would correspond to 26 January 661,while praying in the Great Mosque of Kufa, Ali was attacked by the Kharijite Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam. He was wounded by ibn Muljam's poison-coated sword while prostrating in the Fajr prayer.Ali ordered his sons not to attack the Kharijites, instead stipulating that if he survived, ibn Muljam would be pardoned whereas if he died, ibn Muljam should be given only one equal hit (regardless of whether or not he died from the hit).'Ali died two days later on 29 January 661 (21 Ramadan AH 40).Al-Hasan fulfilled Qisas and gave equal punishment to ibn Muljam upon Ali's death.

Burial in Najaf

According to Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid, Ali did not want his grave to be desecrated by his enemies and consequently asked his friends and family to bury him secretly. This secret gravesite was revealed later during the Abbasid caliphate by Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, his descendant and the sixth Shia Imam.Most Shias accept that Ali is buried at the Tomb of Imam Ali in the Imam Ali Mosque at what is now the city of Najaf, which grew around the mosque and shrine called Masjid Ali.

However, another story, usually maintained by some Afghans, notes that his body was taken and buried in the Afghan city of Mazar-E-Sharif at the famous Blue Mosque or Rawze-e-Sharif.

Geo - MOSQUE NEWS & Stay

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1. TAJWEED: TARANNUM

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2.TRANSLATIONS: COMMENTARIES

 

A .... ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر

B .... ENGLISH

Saheeh International

C ..... ENGLISH

Basmeih

D ..... CHINESE

Ma Jian

E ...... ARABIC: ENGLISH: ENGLISH: CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر: Saheeh International: Basmeih: Ma Jian
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Celik Tafsir
Tafsir Surah al-An’am Ayat 32 – 35 (Mukjizat bukan pilihan Nabi)

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A ..... ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar: تفسير المیسر

٢٨  بَلْ بَدَا لَهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُخْفُونَ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۖ وَلَوْ رُدُّوا لَعَادُوا لِمَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ

٢٨  ليس الأمر كذلك، بل ظهر لهم يوم القيامة ما كانوا يعلمونه من أنفسهم من صدق ما جاءت به الرسل في الدنيا، وإن كانوا يظهرون لأتباعه خلافه. ولو فرض أن أعيدوا إلى الدنيا فأمهلوا لرجعوا إلى العناد بالكفر والتكذيب. وإنهم لكاذبون في قولهم: لو رددنا إلى الدنيا لم نكذب بآيات ربنا، وكنا من المؤمنين.

٢٩  وَقَالُوا إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمَبْعُوثِينَ

٢٩  وقال هؤلاء المشركون المنكرون للبعث: ما الحياة إلا هذه الحياة التي نحن فيها، وما نحن بمبعوثين بعد موتنا.

٣٠  وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ وُقِفُوا عَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ ۚ قَالَ أَلَيْسَ هَٰذَا بِالْحَقِّ ۚ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّنَا ۚ قَالَ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

٣٠  ولو ترى -أيها الرسول- منكري البعث إذ حُبسوا بين يدي الله تعالى لقضائه فيهم يوم القيامة، لرأيت أسوأ حال، إذ يقول الله جل وعلا أليس هذا بالحق، أي: أليس هذا البعث الذي كنتم تنكرونه في الدنيا حقًّا؟ قالوا: بلى وربنا إنه لحق، قال الله تعالى: فذوقوا العذاب بما كنتم تكفرون أي: العذاب الذي كنتم تكذبون به في الدنيا بسبب جحودكم بالله تعالى ورسوله محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم.

٣١  قَدْ خَسِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِلِقَاءِ اللَّهِ ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَتْهُمُ السَّاعَةُ بَغْتَةً قَالُوا يَا حَسْرَتَنَا عَلَىٰ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِيهَا وَهُمْ يَحْمِلُونَ أَوْزَارَهُمْ عَلَىٰ ظُهُورِهِمْ ۚ أَلَا سَاءَ مَا يَزِرُونَ

٣١  قد خسر الكفار الذين أنكروا البعث بعد الموت، حتى إذا قامت القيامة، وفوجئوا بسوء المصير، نادَوا على أنفسهم بالحسرة على ما ضيَّعوه في حياتهم الدنيا، وهم يحملون آثامهم على ظهورهم، فما أسوأ الأحمال الثقيلة السيئة التي يحملونها!!

٣٢  وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ ۖ وَلَلدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

٣٢  وما الحياة الدنيا في غالب أحوالها إلا غرور وباطل، والعمل الصالح للدار الآخرة خير للذين يخشون الله، فيتقون عذابه بطاعته واجتناب معاصيه. أفلا تعقلون -أيها المشركون المغترون بزينة الحياة الدنيا- فتقدِّموا ما يبقى على ما يفنى؟

٣٣  قَدْ نَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُ لَيَحْزُنُكَ الَّذِي يَقُولُونَ ۖ فَإِنَّهُمْ لَا يُكَذِّبُونَكَ وَلَٰكِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ يَجْحَدُونَ

٣٣  إنا نعلم إنه ليُدْخل الحزنَ إلى قلبك تكذيبُ قومك لك في الظاهر، فاصبر واطمئن؛ فإنهم لا يكذبونك في قرارة أنفسهم، بل يعتقدون صدقك، ولكنهم لظلمهم وعدوانهم يجحدون البراهين الواضحة على صدقك، فيكذبونك فيما جئت به.

٣٤  وَلَقَدْ كُذِّبَتْ رُسُلٌ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فَصَبَرُوا عَلَىٰ مَا كُذِّبُوا وَأُوذُوا حَتَّىٰ أَتَاهُمْ نَصْرُنَا ۚ وَلَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَكَ مِنْ نَبَإِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

٣٤  ولقد كذَّب الكفارُ رسلا من قبلك أرسلهم الله تعالى إلى أممهم وأوذوا في سبيله، فصبروا على ذلك ومضوا في دعوتهم وجهادهم حتى أتاهم نصر الله. ولا مبدل لكلمات الله، وهي ما أنزل على نبيه محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم مِن وعده إياه بالنصر على مَن عاداه. ولقد جاءك -أيها الرسول- مِن خبر مَن كان قبلك من الرسل، وما تحقق لهم من نصر الله، وما جرى على مكذبيهم من نقمة الله منهم وغضبه عليهم، فلك فيمن تقدم من الرسل أسوة وقدوة. وفي هذا تسلية للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم.

٣٥  وَإِنْ كَانَ كَبُرَ عَلَيْكَ إِعْرَاضُهُمْ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَبْتَغِيَ نَفَقًا فِي الْأَرْضِ أَوْ سُلَّمًا فِي السَّمَاءِ فَتَأْتِيَهُمْ بِآيَةٍ ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَمَعَهُمْ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ ۚ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْجَاهِلِينَ

٣٥  وإن كان عَظُمَ عليك -أيها الرسول- صدود هؤلاء المشركين وانصرافهم عن الاستجابة لدعوتك، فإن استطعت أن تتخذ نفقًا في الأرض، أو مصعدًا تصعد فيه إلى السماء، فتأتيهم بعلامة وبرهان على صحة قولك غير الذي جئناهم به فافعل. ولو شاء الله لَجَمعهم على الهدى الذي أنتم عليه ووفَّقهم للإيمان، ولكن لم يشأ ذلك لحكمة يعلمها سبحانه، فلا تكونن -أيها الرسول- من الجاهلين الذين اشتد حزنهم، وتحسَّروا حتى أوصلهم ذلك إلى الجزع الشديد.

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B .... ENGLISH

Saheeh International

٢٨  بَلْ بَدَا لَهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُخْفُونَ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۖ وَلَوْ رُدُّوا لَعَادُوا لِمَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ

28  But what they concealed before has [now] appeared to them. And even if they were returned, they would return to that which they were forbidden; and indeed, they are liars.

٢٩  وَقَالُوا إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمَبْعُوثِينَ

29  And they say, "There is none but our worldly life, and we will not be resurrected."

٣٠  وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ وُقِفُوا عَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ ۚ قَالَ أَلَيْسَ هَٰذَا بِالْحَقِّ ۚ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّنَا ۚ قَالَ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

30  If you could but see when they will be made to stand before their Lord. He will say, "Is this not the truth?" They will say, "Yes, by our Lord." He will [then] say, "So taste the punishment because you used to disbelieve."

٣١  قَدْ خَسِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِلِقَاءِ اللَّهِ ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَتْهُمُ السَّاعَةُ بَغْتَةً قَالُوا يَا حَسْرَتَنَا عَلَىٰ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِيهَا وَهُمْ يَحْمِلُونَ أَوْزَارَهُمْ عَلَىٰ ظُهُورِهِمْ ۚ أَلَا سَاءَ مَا يَزِرُونَ

31  Those will have lost who deny the meeting with Allah, until when the Hour [of resurrection] comes upon them unexpectedly, they will say, "Oh, [how great is] our regret over what we neglected concerning it," while they bear their burdens on their backs. Unquestionably, evil is that which they bear.

٣٢  وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ ۖ وَلَلدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

32  And the worldly life is not but amusement and diversion; but the home of the Hereafter is best for those who fear Allah, so will you not reason?

٣٣  قَدْ نَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُ لَيَحْزُنُكَ الَّذِي يَقُولُونَ ۖ فَإِنَّهُمْ لَا يُكَذِّبُونَكَ وَلَٰكِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ يَجْحَدُونَ

33  We know that you, [O Muhammad], are saddened by what they say. And indeed, they do not call you untruthful, but it is the verses of Allah that the wrongdoers reject.

٣٤  وَلَقَدْ كُذِّبَتْ رُسُلٌ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فَصَبَرُوا عَلَىٰ مَا كُذِّبُوا وَأُوذُوا حَتَّىٰ أَتَاهُمْ نَصْرُنَا ۚ وَلَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَكَ مِنْ نَبَإِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

34  And certainly were messengers denied before you, but they were patient over [the effects of] denial, and they were harmed until Our victory came to them. And none can alter the words of Allah. And there has certainly come to you some information about the [previous] messengers.

٣٥  وَإِنْ كَانَ كَبُرَ عَلَيْكَ إِعْرَاضُهُمْ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَبْتَغِيَ نَفَقًا فِي الْأَرْضِ أَوْ سُلَّمًا فِي السَّمَاءِ فَتَأْتِيَهُمْ بِآيَةٍ ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَمَعَهُمْ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ ۚ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْجَاهِلِينَ

35  And if their evasion is difficult for you, then if you are able to seek a tunnel into the earth or a stairway into the sky to bring them a sign, [then do so]. But if Allah had willed, He would have united them upon guidance. So never be of the ignorant.

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C ..... ENGLISH

Basmeih

٢٨  بَلْ بَدَا لَهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُخْفُونَ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۖ وَلَوْ رُدُّوا لَعَادُوا لِمَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ

28  (Mereka mengatakan yang demikian bukanlah kerana hendak beriman) bahkan setelah nyata kepada mereka apa yang mereka selalu sembunyikan dahulu; dan kalau mereka dikembalikan ke dunia sekalipun, tentulah mereka akan mengulangi lagi apa yang mereka dilarang dari melakukannya; dan sesungguhnya mereka adalah tetap pendusta.

٢٩  وَقَالُوا إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمَبْعُوثِينَ

29  Dan tentulah mereka akan berkata pula: "Tiadalah hidup yang lain selain dari hidup kita di dunia ini, dan tiadalah kita akan dibangkitkan semula sesudah kita mati".

٣٠  وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ وُقِفُوا عَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ ۚ قَالَ أَلَيْسَ هَٰذَا بِالْحَقِّ ۚ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّنَا ۚ قَالَ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

30  Dan sungguh ngeri jika engkau melihat ketika mereka dihadapkan kepada Tuhan mereka, lalu Allah berfirman: "Bukankah hari kiamat ini suatu perkara yang benar? Mereka menjawab: "Benar, demi Tuhan kami!" Allah berfirman lagi: "Oleh itu, rasalah azab seksa neraka dengan sebab kamu telah kufur ingkar".

٣١  قَدْ خَسِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِلِقَاءِ اللَّهِ ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَتْهُمُ السَّاعَةُ بَغْتَةً قَالُوا يَا حَسْرَتَنَا عَلَىٰ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِيهَا وَهُمْ يَحْمِلُونَ أَوْزَارَهُمْ عَلَىٰ ظُهُورِهِمْ ۚ أَلَا سَاءَ مَا يَزِرُونَ

31  Sesungguhnya telah rugilah orang-orang yang mendustakan pertemuan mengadap Allah; sehingga apabila hari kiamat datang secara mengejut kepada mereka, mereka berkata; "Aduhai kesalnya kami atas apa yang telah kami cuaikan dalam dunia!" Sambil mereka memikul dosa-dosa mereka di atas belakang mereka. Ingatlah, amatlah buruk apa yang mereka pikul itu.

٣٢  وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ ۖ وَلَلدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

32  Dan tidak (dinamakan) kehidupan dunia melainkan permainan yang sia-sia dan hiburan yang melalaikan: dan demi sesungguhnya negeri akhirat itu lebih baik bagi orang-orang yang bertaqwa. Oleh itu, tidakkah kamu mahu berfikir?

٣٣  قَدْ نَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُ لَيَحْزُنُكَ الَّذِي يَقُولُونَ ۖ فَإِنَّهُمْ لَا يُكَذِّبُونَكَ وَلَٰكِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ يَجْحَدُونَ

33  Sesungguhnya Kami mengetahui bahawa apa yang mereka katakan itu akan menyebabkan engkau (wahai Muhammad) berdukacita; (maka janganlah engkau berdukacita) kerana sebenarnya mereka bukan mendustakanmu, tetapi orang-orang yang zalim itu mengingkari ayat-ayat keterangan Allah (disebabkan kedegilan mereka semata-mata).

٣٤  وَلَقَدْ كُذِّبَتْ رُسُلٌ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فَصَبَرُوا عَلَىٰ مَا كُذِّبُوا وَأُوذُوا حَتَّىٰ أَتَاهُمْ نَصْرُنَا ۚ وَلَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَكَ مِنْ نَبَإِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

34  Dan demi sesungguhnya, Rasul-rasul sebelummu pernah juga didustakan, maka mereka sabar terhadap perbuatan orang-orang yang mendustakan mereka dan menyakiti mereka, sehingga datanglah pertolongan Kami kepada mereka; dan sememangnyalah tiada sesiapa pun yang dapat mengubah Kalimah-kalimah Allah (janji-janjiNya); dan demi sesungguhnya, telah datang kepadamu sebahagian dari khabar berita Rasul-rasul itu.

٣٥  وَإِنْ كَانَ كَبُرَ عَلَيْكَ إِعْرَاضُهُمْ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَبْتَغِيَ نَفَقًا فِي الْأَرْضِ أَوْ سُلَّمًا فِي السَّمَاءِ فَتَأْتِيَهُمْ بِآيَةٍ ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَمَعَهُمْ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ ۚ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْجَاهِلِينَ

35  Dan jika perbuatan mereka berpaling (daripada menerima apa yang engkau bawa wahai Muhammad) terasa amat berat kepadamu; maka sekiranya engkau sanggup mencari satu lubang di bumi (untuk menembusi ke bawahnya) atau satu tangga untuk naik ke langit, supaya engkau dapat bawakan mukjizat kepada mereka, (cubalah lakukan jika engkau sanggup). Dan sekiranya Allah menghendaki, tentulah ia himpunkan mereka atas hidayah petunjuk. (Tetapi Allah tidak menghendakinya), oleh itu janganlah engkau menjadi dari orang-orang yang jahil.

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D ..... CHINESE

Ma Jian

٢٨  بَلْ بَدَا لَهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُخْفُونَ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۖ وَلَوْ رُدُّوا لَعَادُوا لِمَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ

28  不然,他们以前所隐讳的,已经为他们而暴露出来。即使他们得复返人世,他们仍必再犯他们以前所被禁戒的事。他们确是说谎的人。

٢٩  وَقَالُوا إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمَبْعُوثِينَ

29  他们说:只有我们今世的生活,我们绝不复活。

٣٠  وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ وُقِفُوا عَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ ۚ قَالَ أَلَيْسَ هَٰذَا بِالْحَقِّ ۚ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّنَا ۚ قَالَ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

30  当他们奉命站在他们的主那里的时候,假若你看见他们的情状。真主将说:难道这不是真实的吗?他们将说:不然,以我们的主发誓!他将说:你们尝试刑罚吧,因为你们从前不信它。

٣١  قَدْ خَسِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِلِقَاءِ اللَّهِ ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَتْهُمُ السَّاعَةُ بَغْتَةً قَالُوا يَا حَسْرَتَنَا عَلَىٰ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِيهَا وَهُمْ يَحْمِلُونَ أَوْزَارَهُمْ عَلَىٰ ظُهُورِهِمْ ۚ أَلَا سَاءَ مَا يَزِرُونَ

31  否认与真主相会的人,确已亏折了。等到复活时刻忽然降临的时候,他们才说:呜呼痛哉!我们在尘世时疏忽了。他们的背上,担负著自己的罪恶。他们所担负的,真恶劣!

٣٢  وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ ۖ وَلَلدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

32  今世的生活,只是嬉戏和娱乐;后世,对于敬畏的人,是更优美的。难道你们不了解吗?

٣٣  قَدْ نَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُ لَيَحْزُنُكَ الَّذِي يَقُولُونَ ۖ فَإِنَّهُمْ لَا يُكَذِّبُونَكَ وَلَٰكِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ يَجْحَدُونَ

33  我确已知道:他们所说的话必使你悲伤。他们不是否认你,那些不义的人,是在否认真主的迹象。

٣٤  وَلَقَدْ كُذِّبَتْ رُسُلٌ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ فَصَبَرُوا عَلَىٰ مَا كُذِّبُوا وَأُوذُوا حَتَّىٰ أَتَاهُمْ نَصْرُنَا ۚ وَلَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَكَ مِنْ نَبَإِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

34  在你之前,有许多使者,确已被人否认,但他们忍受他人的否认和迫害,直到我的援助降临他们。真主的约言,不是任何人所能变更的。众使者的消息,有一部分确已降临你了。

٣٥  وَإِنْ كَانَ كَبُرَ عَلَيْكَ إِعْرَاضُهُمْ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَبْتَغِيَ نَفَقًا فِي الْأَرْضِ أَوْ سُلَّمًا فِي السَّمَاءِ فَتَأْتِيَهُمْ بِآيَةٍ ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَمَعَهُمْ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ ۚ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْجَاهِلِينَ

35  如果他们的拒绝使你难堪,那末,如果你能找著一条入地的隧道,或一架登天的梯子,从而昭示他们一种迹象,(你就这样做吧。)假若真主意欲,他必将他们集合在正道上,故你绝不要做无知的人。

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E ...... ARABIC: ENGLISH: ENGLISH: CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر: Saheeh International: Basmeih: Ma Jian

 

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3. LEARN ARABIC: OTHER LANGUAGES

 

فعل

مجهول

مضارع

فعل

مجهول

ماض

فعل

معلوم

مضارع

فعل

معلوم

ماض

 

يفعل

فعل

يفعل

فعل

 I

يفعل

فعل

يفعل

فعل

II

يفاعل

فوعل

يفاعل

فاعل

III

يفعل

أفعل

يفعل

أفعل

IV

يتفعل

تفعل

يتفعل

تفعل

V

يتفاعل

تفوعل

يتفاعل

تفاعل

VI

ينفعل

أنفعل

ينفعل

إنفعل

VII

يفتعل

أفتعل

يفتعل

إفتعل

VIII

يفعل

أفعل

يفعل

إفعل

IX

يستفعل

أستفعل

يستفعل

إستفعل

X

 

مصدر

فعل

النهي

فعل

الأمر

 

فعل

لاتفعل

إفعل

 I

تفعيل

لاتفعل

فعل

II

مفاعلة

لاتفاعل

فاعل

III

إفعال

لاتفعل

أفعل

IV

تفعل

لاتتفعل

تفعل

V

تفاعل

لاتتفاعل

تفاعل

VI

إنفعال

لاتنفعل

إنفعل

VII

إفتعال

لاتفتعل

إفتعل

VIII

إفعلال

 

 

IX

إستفعال

لاتستفعل

إستفعل

X

 

إسم

الألة

إسم

المكن

الزمان

إسم

المفعول

إسم

الفاعل

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعول

فاعل

I

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

II

 

مفاعل

مفاعل

مفاعل

III

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

IV

 

متفعل

متفعل

متفعل

V

 

متفاعل

متفاعل

متفاعل

VI

 

منفعل

منفعل

منفعل

VII

 

مفتعل

مفتعل

مفتعل

VIII

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

IX

 

مستفعل

مستفعل

مستفعل

X

 

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4. ANSWERING CRITIQUES ON ISLAM

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5. DAKWAH BIL HIKMAH

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6. REVERTER STORY

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7. QURANIC MIRACLES 

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8. Dakwah Songs

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more

 

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USER GUIDE

 

HAFALAN & ULANGAN ...... KAEDAH QAWAN - ada 10 Level

All the Koran in the world is printed on 604 pages. The Qawan Method divides the Qur'an into six parts.

Method of choosing a partner .....    

1.Install pages between 2 constituents.

2.The word is not long.

3. Suitable for reading in the first and second rakaat prayers.

4. Suitable for the tazkirah after prayer.

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LEVEL 1

6 Horizontal Section (Horizontal - H)

Just a pair of pages between 2 constituents.

Saturday: ms 1- 100      

Sunday: ms 101 - 200

First Day: pg. 201 - 300

Tuesday: ms 301 - 400

Wednesday: ms 401 - 500

Thursday: ms 501 - 604

Friday: Review all just able

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6 Vertical Parts (V) 

Only the pair of pages (ms) of the entire Qur'an, between 2 constituents that end up with a certain number

H.Sabtu: ms end 01-02

H Sunday: ms end 21-22

H.Nnin: ms end 41-42

H.Selasa: ms end 61-62

H.Rabu: ms end 81-82

H.Khamis: ms end of 99-00

Friday: Review all just able

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LEVEL 2 ..... coming soon

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more

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............... more

DAILY REMINDER

1. Quran & Hadith

2. Seerah 

3. Tabligh 6 points

4. Renowned local preachers

5. Renowned foreign preachers

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1. QURAN & HADITH

-------------------------------------------------- -------------------------

1: Al Fatihah: 6

  اهدنا الصراط المستقيم

HR Bukhari

وإن أحب الأعمال إلى الله ما دام وإن قل

----------------------------------------

7: Al Baqarah 2: 43

 وأقيموا الصلاة وآتوا الزكاة واركعوا مع الراكعين

HR Muslim

صلاة الجماعة أفضل من صلاة الفذ بسبع وعشرين درجة

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22: Al Baqarah 2: 143

وكذلك جعلناكم أمة وسطا لتكونوا شهداء على الناس ويكون الرسول عليكم شهيدا 

HR Ibn Mājah: Sahih (Al-Albani)     

"إن الله لا يمل حتى تملوا    

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52: Ali Imran 3: 19

إن الدين عند الله الإسلام

--------------------------------------

63: Ali Imran 3: 104         

ولتكن منكم أمة يدعون إلى الخير ويأمرون بالمعروف وينهون عن المنكر وأولئك هم المفلحون

HR Muslim

 من دل على خير, فله مثل أجر فاعله 

-----------------------------------------

64: Ali Imran 3: 110

كنتم خير أمة أخرجت للناس تأمرون بالمعروف وتنهون عن المنكر وتؤمنون بالله .... 

HR Muslim

من رأى منكم منكرا فليغيره بيده, فإن لم يستطع فبلسانه, فإن لم يستطع فبقلبه, وذلك أضعف الإيمان

-------------------------------------------

74: Ali Imran 3: 185

كل نفس ذائقة الموت 

Sunan Ibn Majah ..... Grade Hasan (Darussalam)
ثم قال: يا رسول الله أى المؤمنين أفضل قال: "أحسنهم خلقا". قال فأى المؤمنين أكيس قال: " أكثرهم للموت ذكرا وأحسنهم لما بعده استعدادا أولئك الأكياس "

--------------------------------------------

87: Al Nisaa '4: 59

يا أيها الذين آمنوا أطيعوا الله وأطيعوا الرسول وأولي الأمر منكم فإن تنازعتم في شيء فردوه إلى الله والرسول إن كنتم تؤمنون بالله واليوم الآخر ذلك خير وأحسن تأويلا

HR Imam Malik in Al Muwatta
"تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما تمسكتم بهما كتاب الله وسنة نبيه

HR Abu Daud & Termidhi ... Hadith Hasan Sahih
فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء الراشدين المهديين. 

---------------------------------------------

107: Al Maidah 5: 3

اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا             

_____________________________

134: Al An'am 6: 54

.وإذا جاءك الذين يؤمنون بآياتنا فقل سلام عليكم  

HR Termizi .... Hadith Hasan Sahih
"يا أيها الناس أفشوا السلام, وأطعموا الطعام, وصلوا الأرحام وصلوا والناس نيام, تدخلوا الجنة بسلام"

--------------------------------------------

342: Al Mu'minun 23: 1-2

1.قد أفلح المؤمنون

2. الذين هم في صلاتهم خاشعون 

HR Imam Malik

وأسوأ السرقة الذي يسرق صلاته ". قالوا وكيف يسرق صلاته يا رسول الله قال" لا يتم ركوعها ولا سجودها

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404: Al Ankabut 29: 69

  والذين جاهدوا فينا لنهدينهم سبلنا وإن الله لمع المحسنين

420: Al Ahzab 33: 21

لقد كان لكم في رسول الله أسوة حسنة لمن كان يرجو الله واليوم الآخر وذكر الله كثيرا

507: Muhammad 47: 7

  يا أيها الذين آمنوا إن تنصروا الله ينصركم ويثبت أقدامكم

560: And Tahrim 66: 6

أنفسكم وأهليكم نارا وقودها الناس والحجارة عليها ملائكة غلاظ شداد لا يعصون الله ما أمرهم ويفعلون ما يؤمرون

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2. HADITH      

2: HR Tirmidhi

مفتاح الجنة الصلاة ومفتاح الصلاة الوضوء

19: HR Bukhari
"خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه"

HR Muslim
"إذا مات الأنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث: صدقة جارية, أو علم ينتفع به, أو ولد صالح يدعو له"

 

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(HR Bukhari & Muslim: muttafaq 'alaih)

اليد العليا خير من اليد السفلى

HR Bukhari

بلغوا عنى ولو اية

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3. SEARCH 

Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin' Awf:

that the Messenger of Allah said: "Abu Bakr is in Paradise, 'Umar is in Paradise,' Uthman is in Paradise, 'Ali is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise,' Abdur- Rahman bin 'Awf is in Paradise, Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Sa'eed is in Paradise, and Abu' Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise. " 

حدثنا قتيبة, حدثنا عبد العزيز بن محمد, عن عبد الرحمن بن حميد, عن أبيه, عن عبد الرحمن بن عوف, قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم "أبو بكر في الجنة وعمر في الجنة وعثمان في الجنة وعلي في الجنة وطلحة في الجنة والزبير في الجنة وعبد الرحمن بن عوف في الجنة وسعد في الجنة وسعيد في الجنة وأبو عبيدة بن الجراح في الجنة ".

Grade Sahih  (Darussalam)  

English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3747
Arabic reference  : Book 49, Hadith 4112

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Narrated Sa'id ibn Zayd:

AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (ﷺ) will go to Paradise, AbuBakr will go to Paradise , Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa'd ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and AbdurRahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa'id ibn Zayd.

حدثنا حفص بن عمر النمري, حدثنا شعبة, عن الحر بن الصياح, عن عبد الرحمن بن الأخنس, أنه كان في المسجد فذكر رجل عليا عليه السلام فقام سعيد بن زيد فقال أشهد على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أني سمعته وهو يقول "عشرة في الجنة النبي في الجنة وأبو بكر في الجنة وعمر في الجنة وعثمان في الجنة وعلي في الجنة وطلحة في الجنة والزبير بن العوام في الجنة وسعد بن مالك في الجنة وعبد الرحمن بن عوف في الجنة ". ولو شئت لسميت العاشر. قال فقالوا من هو فسكت قال فقالوا من هو فقال هو سعيد بن زيد.

Grade: Sahih

Reference  : Sunan Abi Dawud 4649
In-book reference  : Book 42, Hadith 54
English translation  : Book 41, Hadith 4632

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History of success in early Islam during the time of the Prophet and Caliph Ar Rasyidin:  

       Metallic fittings ...... less

       Conformity ....... is high

       Ten Companions of the Prophet who are guaranteed paradise ..... the rich majority, but generous .... especially Abdurrahman bin Auf RA ..... The FATONAH looking for opportunities to be the above hands 

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4. TABLIGH 6 POINTS

 _________________________________

5. RENOWNED LOCAL PREACHERS 

1. Ustaz Azhar Idrus
2. Maulana Asri
3. Dr Rozaimi
4. Mufti Asri Zainul Abidin
5. Ust Kazim
6. Ust Ebit Lew
7. Prof Datuk Dr Muhaya
8. Ust Ismail Kamus
9. Ust Ahmad Dusuki
10. Ust Auni Mohamad

__________________________________

6. RENOWNED FOREIGN PREACHERS

1. Dr Zakir Naik
2. Nouman Ali Khan
3. Mufti Menk
4. Yasmin Mogahed
5. Hussain Yee
6. Omar Suleiman
7. Yusuf Estes
8. Moulana Tariq Jameel
9. Yasir Qadhi
10. Taqi Usmani

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quiz
Hadith : Conversation
Hadis : Perbualan

             

HR Muslim 

لَتُؤَدُّنَّ الْحُقُوقَ

إِلَى أَهْلِهَا

يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حَتَّى

يُقَادَ لِلشَّاةِ الْجَلْحَاءِ

مِنَ الشَّاةِ الْقَرْنَاءِ

Translation                          

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

The claimants would get their claims on the Day of Resurrection so much so that the hornless sheep would get its claim from the horned sheep.

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ، وَابْنُ، حُجْرٍ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، - يَعْنُونَ ابْنَ جَعْفَرٍ - عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لَتُؤَدُّنَّ الْحُقُوقَ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حَتَّى يُقَادَ لِلشَّاةِ الْجَلْحَاءِ مِنَ الشَّاةِ الْقَرْنَاءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Reference  : Sahih Muslim 2582
In-book reference  : Book 45, Hadith 78
USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Book 32, Hadith 6252
  (deprecated numbering scheme)

Dari Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,

لَتُؤَدُّنَّ الْحُقُوقَ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حَتَّى يُقَادَ لِلشَّاةِ الْجَلْحَاءِ مِنَ الشَّاةِ الْقَرْنَاءِ

“Sungguh semua hak akan dikembalikan kepada pemiliknya pada hari kiamat. Sampai diqishas kambing yang tidak bertanduk kepada kambing yang bertanduk.” (HR. Ahmad 7404 & Muslim 6745)

Apakah Binatang Juga Dihisab?

By

 Ustadz Ammi Nur Baits

Apakah Binatang Juga Dihisab?

Benarkah binatang itu dibangkitkan?lalu untuk apa? Apakah binatang kan dihisab? Mohon penjelasannya..

Jawab:

Bismillah was shalatu was salamu ‘ala Rasulillah, wa ba’du,

Keyakinan yang kita bangun terkait binatang di hari kiamat,

Pertama, semua binatang dibangkitkan oleh Allah dan dikumpulkan sebagaimana.

Diantara dalilnya, Allah berfirman,

وَإِذَا الْوُحُوشُ حُشِرَتْ

“Apabila binatang-binatang liar dikumpulkan.” (QS. at-Takwir: 5)

Allah juga berfirman,

وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُمْ مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ

Tiadalah binatang-binatang yang ada di bumi dan burung-burung yang terbang dengan kedua sayapnya, melainkan umat (juga) seperti kamu. Tiadalah Kami alpakan sesuatupun dalam al-Kitab, kemudian kepada Tuhanlah mereka dikumpulkan. (QS. al-An’am: 38).

Juga disebutka dalam hadis dari Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,

يحشر الخلق كلهم يوم القيامة البهائم و الدواب و الطير و كل شيء فيبلغ من عدل الله أن يأخذ للجماء من القرناء ثم يقول : كوني ترابا؛ فعند ذلك يقول الكافر: يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنتُ تُرَابًا

Semua makhluk akan dikumpulkan pada hari kiamat, binatang, hewan liar, burung-burung, dan segala sesuatu, sehingga ditegakkan keadilan Allah, untuk memindahkan tanduk dari hewan hewan bertanduk ke yang tidak bertanduk (lalu dilakukan qishas). Kemudian Allah berfirman, “Kalian semua, jadilah tanah.” Di saat itulah orang kafir mengatakan, “Andai aku jadi tanah.” (HR. Hakim 3231 dan dishahihkan ad-Dzahabi).

Kedua, binatang dibangkitkan oleh Allah, bukan untuk dihisab amalnya, karena mereka bukan mukallaf (makhluk yang mendapatkan beban syariat). Namun mereka dikumpulkan untuk diadili dengan dilakukan qishas, pembalasan untuk kedzaliman yang terjadi antar-binatang.

Dari Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,

لَتُؤَدُّنَّ الْحُقُوقَ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حَتَّى يُقَادَ لِلشَّاةِ الْجَلْحَاءِ مِنَ الشَّاةِ الْقَرْنَاءِ

“Sungguh semua hak akan dikembalikan kepada pemiliknya pada hari kiamat. Sampai diqishas kambing yang tidak bertanduk kepada kambing yang bertanduk.” (HR. Ahmad 7404 & Muslim 6745)

An-Nawawi menjelaskan hadis ini,

هذا تصريح بحشر البهائم يوم القيامة وإعادتها يوم القيامة كما يعاد أهل التكليف من الآدميين، وكما يعاد الأطفال والمجانين ومن لم تبلغه دعوة

Hadis ini merupakan dalil tegas bahwa binatang akan dikumpulkan pada hari kiamat, dan dibangkitkan pada hari kiamat. Sebagaimana para mukallaf di kalangan manusia dibangkitkan. Sebagaimana pula anak kecil yang mati, orang gila, dan orang yang belum mendapatkan dakwah, mereka juga dibangkitkan. (Syarh Shahih Muslim, 16/136)

Mengapa mereka diqishas, sementara mereka bukan mukallaf?

An-Nawawi menjelaskan,

وأما القصاص من القرناء للجلحاء فليس هو من قصاص التكليف إذ لا تكليف عليها بل هو قصاص مقابلة

Qishas untuk hewan yang tidak bertanduk kepada hewan yang bertanduk, bukan qishas karena mereka mendapat beban syariat. Karena binatang tidak diberi beban syariat. Tapi qishas pembalasan. (Syarh Shahih Muslim, 16/137)

Non Muslim Ingin Jadi Binatang

Allah berfirman,

يَوْمَ يَنْظُرُ الْمَرْءُ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ وَيَقُولُ الْكَافِرُ يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنْتُ تُرَابًا

“Pada hari manusia melihat apa yang telah diperbuat oleh kedua tangannya; dan orang kafir berkata: “Alangkah baiknya sekiranya aku jadi tanah.” (QS. an-Naba: 40).

Dalam ayat ini, orang kafir berangan-angan andai dia jadi tanah. Angan-angan ini muncul ketika mereka melihat binatang yang Allah jadikan sebagai tanah, setelah dilakukan qishas.

dari Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,

يحشر الخلق كلهم يوم القيامة البهائم و الدواب و الطير و كل شيء فيبلغ من عدل الله أن يأخذ للجماء من القرناء ثم يقول : كوني ترابا؛ فعند ذلك يقول الكافر: يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنتُ تُرَابًا

Semua makhluk akan dikumpulkan pada hari kiamat, binatang, hewan liar, burung-burung, dan segala sesuatu, sehingga ditegakkan keadilan Allah, untuk memindahkan tanduk dari hewan hewan bertanduk ke yang tidak bertanduk (lalu dilakukan qishas). Kemudian Allah berfirman, “Kalian semua, jadilah tanah.” Di saat itulah orang kafir mengatakan, “Andai aku jadi tanah.” (HR. Hakim 3231 dan dishahihkan ad-Dzahabi).

Allahu a’lam.

________________________________________________

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "While a man was walking he felt thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On coming out of it, he saw a dog panting and eating mud because of excessive thirst. The man said, 'This (dog) is suffering from the same problem as that of mine. So he (went down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught hold of it with his teeth and climbed up and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and forgave him." The people asked, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! Is there a reward for us in serving (the) animals?" He replied, "Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate."

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ، عَنْ سُمَىٍّ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ بَيْنَا رَجُلٌ يَمْشِي فَاشْتَدَّ عَلَيْهِ الْعَطَشُ، فَنَزَلَ بِئْرًا فَشَرِبَ مِنْهَا، ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِكَلْبٍ يَلْهَثُ، يَأْكُلُ الثَّرَى مِنَ الْعَطَشِ، فَقَالَ لَقَدْ بَلَغَ هَذَا مِثْلُ الَّذِي بَلَغَ بِي فَمَلأَ خُفَّهُ ثُمَّ أَمْسَكَهُ بِفِيهِ، ثُمَّ رَقِيَ، فَسَقَى الْكَلْبَ فَشَكَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُ، فَغَفَرَ لَهُ ‏"‏‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، وَإِنَّ لَنَا فِي الْبَهَائِمِ أَجْرًا قَالَ ‏"‏ فِي كُلِّ كَبِدٍ رَطْبَةٍ أَجْرٌ ‏"‏‏.‏ تَابَعَهُ حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ وَالرَّبِيعُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ‏.‏

Reference  : Sahih al-Bukhari 2363
In-book reference  : Book 42, Hadith 11
USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Vol. 3, Book 40, Hadith 551

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World Islamic History : 132 H
20/8/749 - 8/8/750 CE

                 

132AH :  750 CE, the last Umayyad caliph Marwan II was defeated by the Abu Muslim and Abbasid As-Saffah in the Battle of the Zab on the banks of the Khazir River, a tributary to the Great Zab.

Other Events

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Islamic Lineage

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Islamic Timeline

1 - 100 (623 - 719)
101 - 200 (720 - 816)
201- 300 (817 - 913)
301 - 400 (914 - 1010)
401 - 500 (1011 - 1107)
501 - 600 (1108 - 1204)
601 - 700 (1205 - 1301)
701 - 800 (1302 - 1398)
801 - 900 (1399 - 1495)
901 - 1000 (1496 - 1592)
1001 - 1100 (1593 - 1689)
1101 - 1200 (1690 - 1786)
1201 - 1300 (1787 - 1883)
1301 - 1400 (1884 - 1980)
1401 - 1500 (1981 - 2078)

570 : 52 BH
  Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca
610 : 12 BH
  Revelation of the first versus of the Quran
  Ali ibn Abu Talib and Abu Bakar as Siddiq accept Islam
615 : 7 BH
  Conversion of Omar Ibn Al Khattab
620 : 2 BH
  A group of Muslims migrates to Abyssinia to escape the persecution in Mecca
622
  Prophet Muhammad migrates to Madina
  Start of the Islamic calendar
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623 23 J.T 1AH - 3 Rej 2AH
624  4 Rej 2AH - 14 Rej 3AH
  Battle of Badr
625 15 Rej 3AH - 25 Rej 4AH
  Battle of Uhud  
626 26 Rej 4AH - 6 Syab 5AH
  Battle of Khandaq / Battle of the Trench 
627 7 Syab 5AH - 17 Syab 6AH
  Prophet Muhammad concludes the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the Meccans
628 18 Syab 6AH - 28 Syab 7AH
  The Muslims reclaim Mecca
  The Prophet sends messages to Khosroe of Persia, Heraclius of Byzantium, Muqawqis of Egypt and the king of Yemen, inviting them to accept Islam 
629 29 Syab 7AH - 10 Ramad 8AH
630 11 Ramad 8AH - 21 Ramad 9AH
631  
632 : 11 AH
  Farewell pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad
  The last verse of the Quran is revealed
  Defensive expedition to Tabuk against the Byzantines ends in a stalemate and commander Zaid bin Harris is killed in action
  Prophet Muhammad passes away
  The Companions establish the Caliphate to affirm the historical continuity of Islam
  Abu Bakar as Siddiq is elected the first Caliph
  Death of Fatimah az Zahra beloved daughter of the Prophet,wife of Ali ibn Abu Talib
 

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633 : 12 AH
  Abu Bakar conducts campaigns against eastern Arabs to ensure their compliance with zakat
  Rise of the false prophets
  Battle of Yamama against Musailimah Al Kazzab
  Abu Bakar authorizes the preparation of a written copy of the Quran, the Mashaf e Siddiqi
634 : 13 AH
  Muslim armies defeat the Byzantines at the Battle of Ajnadyn
  Abu Bakar passes away
  Omar ibn Al Khattab is elected the Caliph
635 : 14 AH
  Campaigns against eastern Roman and Persian Empires
  The Muslims capture Damascus
636 : 15 AH
  The Persian army is defeated at the Battle of Qadasia
  The Byzantines are defeated at the Battle of Yarmuk
  Jerusalem conquered by Arab armies. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to Christians.
 

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637 : 16 AH
  The Muslims capture Madayen, capital of the Persian Empire
638  
639  
640 : 19 AH
  Omar bin al As begins campaigns in Egypt
641 : 20 AH
  Arab armies advance towards Khorasan, Afghanistan dan Sindh
642 : 21 AH
  The conquest of Egypt is completed
  Caliph Omar streamlines the administration of the vast empire
  Judical rulings of Omar ibn al Khattab and Ali ibn Abu Talib provide a basis for the sciences of Fiqh
  Persian armies defeated at the Battle of Nahawand
643 : 22 AH
  First construction of the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem
644 : 23 AH
  Caliph Omar ibn Al Khattab is assassinated
  Uthman bin Affan is elected the Caliph
645  
646  
647  
648  
649 : 28 AH
  Cyprus is captured from the Byzantines
650 : 29 AH
  Pronunciation of Quranic verses standardized
651  
652 : 31 AH
  Death of Abu Dhar al Ghifari, venerated Companion and Sufi
653  
654  
655  
   
656 : 36 AH
  Caliph Uthman bin Affan is assassinated
  Ali ibn Abu Talib is elected the Caliph
  Beginning of the Civil Wars
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats dissidents under Aisha binti Abu Bakar at the Battle of the Camel  
657 : 37 AH
  Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, refuses to recognize the Caliphate of Ali
  Battle of Siffin between forces of Ali and Muawiya
  Beginning of the Kharijite schism
 

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658 : 38 AH
  Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan
  Muawiya is declared the Caliph by his supporters in Damascus
659 : 39 AH
  Truce between Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
660  
661 : 41 AH
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib is assassinated
  Age of Khulafa e Rashidoon ends
  Muawiya claims the Caliphate
  Beginning of the Umayyad dynasty
  Imam Hassan ibn Ali retires from politics
662  
663  
664  
665 : 45 AH
  Muawiya orders the buildup of a navy
666  
667 : 47 AH
  Muslim armies capture Khorasan
668  
669 : 49 AH
  Death of Imam Hassan ibn Ali
670 : 50 AH
  Uqba bin Nafi begins the conquest of North Africa
  The city of Khairaoun in North Africa is founded
671 : 51 AH
  Muslim armies capture the island of Rhodes
  The first attempt to capture Constantinople fails
672  
673  
674  
675  
676  
677  
678 : 58 AH
  Death of Aisha binti Abu Bakar wife of Prophet Muhammad and the source of a large number of Hadith
 

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679  
680 : 60 AH
  Death of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
  Yazid son of Muawiya becomes Omayyad ruler
  The tragedy of Karbala, Hussain ibn Ali,grandson of the Prophet is martyred
  Beginning of Yawm e Ashoora
681  
682  
683 : 63 AH
  Yazid sacks Madina
  Uqba bin Nafi conquers North Africa
  Death of Yazid: Muawiya II succeeds him
684 : 64 AH
  Marwan I becomes the Caliph
685 : 65 AH
  Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph
  Construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  Muslim armies advance into Central Asia
686  
687  
688  
689  
690 : 71 AH
  Omayyad armies reach the Atlantic Ocean
691 : 72 AH
  Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is completed
692 : 73 AH
  Abdul Malik mints the first coins of the Islamic state
693 : 74 AH
  Al Hajjaj also known as al Hajjaj the cruel becomes governor of Iraq
694 : 75 AH
  Construction of the Omayyad Mosque in Damascus
695  
696  
697  
698  
699 : 80 AH
  Death of Al Juhani rationalist, philosopher
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700  
701  
702  
703  
704  
705 : 86 AH
  Al Walid I becomes the Caliph and begins a vigorous expansion of the empire
706  
707  
708  
709  
710  
711 : 92 AH
  Tariq ibn Ziyad lands in Spain. Visigoth army under Rodriguez is defeated at the Battle of Buhayrah
  Muhammad bin Qasim lands at Debal subdues Baluchistan , Sindh , Multan and southern Punjab
712 : 93 AH
  Musa ibn Nusair advances into Leon, Astoria, and Galicia
  Beginning of 780 years of Muslim rule in Andalus
  Jewish golden age in Spain
  Death of Imam Zainul Abedin
713 : 94 AH
  Zaid bin Zainul Abedin organizes resistance to the Omayyads. Beginning of the Zaidi branch.
  Muslim armies capture Lyons in France
714 : 95 AH
  Muhammad bin Qasim recalled from Sindh by Hajjaj bin Yusuf and imprisoned until death
  Muslims capture Normandy in France
715 : 96 AH
  Sulaiman becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Musa ibn Nusair recalled from Spain by Caliph Sulaiman, stripped of all power and banished into the desert
716  
717 : 98 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz becomes the Caliph and attempts reconciliation in the Islamic community. He lowers taxes on peasants in Persia and Egypt.
  The Byzantines repulse a second Muslim attempt to capture Constantinople.
  Spread of Islam into Persia and Egypt picks up momentum
 

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718  
719 : 100 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz is poisoned
  Yazid II becomes the Caliph
720 : 101 AH
  Muslim armies cross the Pyrenees and occupy southern France
721  
722  
723  
724 : 106 AH
  Hisham becomes the Caliph
725  
726  
727  
728 : 110 AH
  Death of Hasan al Basri,well known Sufi Shaykh
729  
730  
731 : 113 AH
  Death of Imam al Baqir
732 : 114 AH
  Charles Martel stops the Muslim advance into Europe at the Battle of Tours
733  
734  
735 : 117 AH
  Muslim armies advance through southern France and occupy mountain passes in Switzerland
736  
737  
738  
739  
   
740 : 122 AH
  Death of Imam Zaid bin Zain ul Abedin
741  
742  
   
743 : 125 AH
  Al Walid II becomes the Caliph
744 : 126 AH
  Abu Muslim is appointed the chief dayee of Khorasan
  Yazid III, Ibrahim and Marwan II become the Caliphs in rapid succession
745 : 127 AH
  Imam Jaafar as Saadiq discusses Fiqh issues in his study circles. Imam Abu Haneefa participates in these studies and benefits from them.
746 : 128 AH
  Beginning of the Abbasid revolution in Khorasan
747 : 129 AH
  Kufa falls to the Abbasids. Abu Muslim nominates Abul Abbas as the first Abbasid Caliph
748  
749  
750 : 132 AH
  The Abbasid Revolution
  The Abbasid forces defeat the Caliph Marwan at the Battle of Zab. The Umayyads are swept away from power and are slaughtered
  Andur Rahman I escapes to Spain
  Beginning of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. Abu Abbas al Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph
 

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751 : 133 AH
  Battle of Tlas.The Muslim armies are victorious over the forces of the Tang Empire. China cedes Central Asia to the Caliphate
  Systematic development of Fiqh begins
752  
753  
   
754 : 136 AH
  Al Mansur becomes the Caliph,sends troops into China in response to a request for help from the Tang Emperor Tsung. 
755 : 138 AH
  The Umayyad Abdur Rahman I establishes the Umayyad Emirate in Cordoba Spain
756  
757  
   
758  
   
759 : 142 AH
  The Franks recapture Narbonne from the Muslims
760 : 143 AH
  Death of Imam Ismail, son of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq
  Beginning of the Fatimid branch among Muslims
761  
762  
763 : 146 AH
  Baghdad becomes the seat of the Caliphate and the cradle of Islamic civilization
764  
765 : 148 AH
  Death of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq one of the principal sources of Fiqh. Caliph al Mansur establishes schools of translation in Baghdad.
  Muslims come into contact with Greek philosophy and Indian mathematics
766  
767  
768 : 151 AH
  Death of Imam Abu Haneefa after whom the Hanafi school of Fiqh is named.
  Charlemagne ( 768-814) ascends the Frankish throne.
 

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769  
770  
771  
772  
773  
774  
775 : 158 AH
  Al Mahdi becomes the Caliph
776  
777  
778 : 161 AH
  Charlemagne of France raids Muslim Spain
779  
780 : 163 AH
  Charlemagne invades German territories and converts the Germans to Christianity
781 : 164 AH
  Ibn Jabir invents the science of chemistry
782  
783  
784  
785 : 168 AH
  Al Hadi becomes the Caliph
786 : 169 AH 
  Harun al Rashid becomes the Caliph. Golden age of Baghdad
787  
788 : 172 AH
  Beginning of the Idrisid dynasty in North Africa
789  
790 : 174 AH
  The manufacture of paper is introduced into Baghdad from China
791  
792  
793  
794  
795 : 179 AH
  Death of Imam Malik bin Anas, after whom the Maliki school of Fiqh is named
796  
797  
798  
799 : 183 AH 
  Zubaida, wife of Harun al Rashid performs the Hajj and builds rest houses for hajjis on the road
  Death of Imam Muza al Kazim
 

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800 : 184 AH
  Harun al Rashid and Charlemagne exchange ambassadors
801 : 185 AH
  The city of Fez is established
  Charlemagne begins an invasion of Muslim Spain
802 : 186 AH
  Death of Rabia al Adawiya one of the most celebrated spiritual luminaries and a teacher of Sufi masters
803  
804  
805  
806  
807  
808  
809 : 193 AH
  Death of Harun al Rashid. Al Amin becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
810  
811  
812  
813 : 197 AH
  Al Mamun succeeds his brother Al Amin as the Caliph
814 : 198 AH
  Death of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Empire in Europe begins to disintegrate
815 : 199 AH
  Al Khwarizmi invents the science of Algebra and develops the mathematics of equations
  Viking raids from the North ravage Europe
  The Abbasid Empire begins a slow process of disintegration. The Idrisids in North Africa and the Tahirids in Persia become autonomous
 

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816  
817  
818 : 202 AH
  Death of Imam Ali al Rida
819  
820 : 205 AH
  Death of Imam al Shafie after whom the Shafie school of Fiqh is named.
  Rise of the Aghlabids in North Africa
821  
822 : 207 AH
  Music flourishes at the court of Cordoba under the musician al Zirhab
  The Aghlabid armies from North Africa invade Sicily
823  
824  
825  
826  
827 : 212 AH
  Caliph al Mamun adopts Mutazilite doctrines as court dogma
  The Idrisids capture Crete, Sardinia and Sicily
828  
829  
830 : 215 AH
  Caliph al Mamun patronizes the Bait ul Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad and encourages translation of Greek and Sanskrit books into arabic. The Muslims develop concept of decimals in mathematics
831 : 216 AH
  Muslims capture Palermo Italy
832  
833 : 218 AH
  Death of Al Mamun. Al Mutasim becomes the Caliph and enlists Turks into the army
834  
835 : 220 AH
  Death of Imam al Jawwad
836  
837  
838 : 223 AH
  Umayyad armies from Spain occupy Marseilles France
839  
840 : 225 AH
  Death of Al Khwarizmi mathematician , Sufi Shaykh
841  
842 : 227 AH
  Al Wathiq becomes the Caliph
843  
844  
845  
846 : 231 AH
  The Aghlabids in North Africa occupy Pisa and conduct a raid on Rome
 

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847 : 232 AH
  Al Mutawakkil becomes the Caliph abandons Mutazilite doctrines
848  
849  
850 : 235 AH
  Turkish influence in the Caliphate grows
851  
852  
853  
854  
855 : 241 AH
  Death of Imam ibn Hanbal after whom the Hanbali school of FIqh is named
856  
857  
858  
859  
860  
   
861 : 247 AH
  University of Kairaouine ( established 859 CE ) in Fes Morocco. Caliph al Mutawakkil is murdered in Baghdad. Al Muntasir becomes the Caliph
862  
863  
864  
865  
866 : 252 AH
  Al Mutaz becomes the Caliph
867  
868 : 254 AH
  Egypt becomes autonomous under the Tulunids
  Palermo in Sicily becomes a center of Islamic learning
  Death of Imam al Hadi
869  
870 : 256 AH
  The Zanj workers from East Africa revolt in Iraq
  Death of Al Farabi and Al Kindi noted men of science
  Death of Al Tabari renowned physician
  The Muslims capture Malta
  Al Mutamid becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
871  
872  
873  
874 : 260 AH
  Death of Abul Hussain Muslim, compiler of Hadith
  Death of Imam al Askari
  Death of Al Kindi mathematician astronomer
  Death of Al Bistami one of the most celebrated Sufi Shaikhs
 

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875 : 261 AH
  Hamdan Karamat starts the Karamatian movement
  The Sassanids establish themselves in Bokhara
876  
877  
878 : 264 AH
  Disappearance of Imam al Muntazar the Twelth Imam
  Beginning of belief in the hidden Imam
879  
880 : 266 AH
  The Aghlabids lose southern Italy to Christian forces
881  
882 : 268 AH
  A rebellion of the Zanj in Iraq is crushed
883  
884  
885 : 272 AH
886  
887 : 274 AH
  Peasant revolt in China against foreigners forces out the Muslims of Canton
888  
889 : 276 AH
  Death of Ibn Kutaiba historian
890 : 277 AH
  Spanish Muslims re-establish bases in southern France and conduct raids into Switzerland
891  
892 : 279 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Tharmidi historian
  Al Mutadid becomes the Caliph
893 : 280 AH
  The Karamatians capture Yemen
894  
895  
896  
897  
898 : 285 AH
  Imam al Hadi Yahya establishes a Zaidi state in Yemen
 

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899  
900 : 287 AH
  The Arabian Nights are compiled
  Improvements appear in the design and use of the Astrolabe
  The Kharijites establish a dynasty in Sijilmasa North Africa
901 : 288 AH
  The Samanids emerge in Khorasan Persia
902 : 289 AH
  Al Muktafi becomes the Caliph
903 : 290 AH
  The Karamatians plunder Damascus
904 : 291 AH
  Muslim armies capture Solonika from the Byzantines
905  
906  
907 : 294 AH
  Abu Abdullah Fatimid leader moves to North Africa 
908 : 295 AH
  Al Muqtadir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
909 : 296 AH
  The Fatimids establish themselves in North Africa
  Ubaidulla al Mahdi becomes the first Fatimid Caliph
910 : 297 AH
  Al Razi conducts research into infectious diseases including small pox,rabies and the plague
911  
912 : 299 AH
  Reign of Abdul Rahman III in Spain (912 - 961). Cordoba becomes the premier city of Europe. Golden age of Spain. Science and civilization thrive.
 

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913  
914 : 301 AH
  Nasr al Saeed of the Samanids in Khorasan favors the Fatimids over the Abbasids
915 : 302 AH
  The Kharijites establish themselves in southern Morocco
  The Fatimids raid Egypt
916  
917  
918  
919  
920  
921  
922 : 310 AH
  Mansur al Hallaj Persian mystic is executed for his esoteric views
  Beginning of the Tahirid dynasty in Iraq
923 : 311 AH
  Death of Abu Tabari, noted commentator on the Quran
924  
925 : 313 AH
  Death of Al Razi doctor of medicine
926  
927  
928  
929 : 317 AH
  In response to Fatimid claims to the Caliphate, Abdul Rahman III of Spain assumes the title of Caliph and protector of Sunni Muslims in North Africa
930 : 318 AH
  The Karamatians raid Mecca and carry off the Hijr e Aswad from the Haram to Bahrain
931 : 319 AH
  Abdur Rahman III occupies Ceuta
  The Fatimids capture Algeria
932 : 320 AH
  The Buyids establish their rule in southern Iraq
  Al Qahir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
933 : 321 AH
  The Ishkedids displace the Tulunids in Egypt and rule until 969
934 : 322 AH
  Al Radi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Qaim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
935  
936 : 324 AH
  Death of Al Ashari (874-936), highly influential theologian who reconciled Mutazilite doctrines with orthodox theology. Author of ''occasionalism' in philosophy 
937  
938  
   
939 : 327 AH
  Abdul RAhman III of Spain captures Fraxinetum, Valais,Geneva, Toulon and Great St. Bernard
940 : 328 AH
  Extensive postal services are established by the Abbasids
  Al Muttaqi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
 

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941  
942  
943  
944  
945 : 333 AH
  The Buyids temporarily capture Baghdad
946 : 334 AH
  Al Mutee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Mansur becomes the Fatimid Caliph
947  
948  
949  
   
950 : 338 AH
  Death of Al Farabi , noted scientist, philosopher, jurist,author of treatises on ethics, music and logic, Sufi Shaykh
951 : 340 AH
  The Ikhwan as Safa in Iraq compile an Ecyclopedia of Knowledge
952  
953 : 342 AH
  Al Muiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in North Africa
954  
955 : 344 AH
  Sharp naval engagements between the navies of Al Muiz and Abdul Rahman III off the coast of Spain
956  
957 : 346 AH
  Al Masudi, the historian, passes away
958  
959  
960  
   
961 : 350 AH
  Death of Abdul Rahman III
  The Oghuz family of Turks in Central Asia accepts Islam
962 : 351 AH
  The Seljuk, Alaptagin, establishes a kingdom in Ghazna Afghanistan
963  
964  
965  
966  
967  
968 : 357 AH
  The Umayyads establish a university in Cordoba
969 : 358 AH
  The Fatimids conquer Egypt and establish the city of Cairo
970 : 359 AH
  The Fatimids capture Syria, Mecca and Madina and lay claim to the leadership of the Islamic world. Fatimid rule in Multan ( modern Pakistan ). Brisk trade between Alexandria, Egypt and Venice, Italy
971 : 360 AH 
  The Fatimids establish Al-Azhar University in Cairo
972  
973  
   
974 : 363 AH
  Al Ta'ee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
975 : 364 AH
  Death of Al Muiz, Fatimid Caliph of Egypt. Al Aziz becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Muslim astronomers publish manuscripts showing constellations of stars
976  
977  
978  
979  
980  
981  
982  
983  
984  
985  
986  
987  
988 : 378 AH
  Count Vladimir of Kiev embraces Eastern Orthodox Christianity
989  
990  
991 : 381 AH
  Al Qadir becomes the Abbasid Caliph
992  
993  
994  
995  
996 : 386 AH
  Al Hakim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Pope Pious XI declares the Crusades against Muslim
997 : 387 AH
  Mahmud succeeds Alaptagin in Ghazna and dominates Central Asia
 

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998  
999 : 389 AH
 

Large scale Turkish migrations into Central Asia.

 

Kara Khani Turks occupy Bukhara.

 

Mahmud of Ghazna annexes Khorasan.

 

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1000 : 390 AH
 

Mahmud makes the first of seventeen raids into India.

 

The Chinese use gunpowder to propel arrows.

1001 : 391 AH
 

Mahmud starts campaigns to capture Peshawar, Bhera, Nagarkot, Tarain, Thaneshwar and Kanauj in India.

1002  
1003  
1004 : 394 AH
 

Mahmud defeats Dawud, Fatimid ruler of Multan.

1005  
1006  
1007  
1008  
1009  
1010  
1011  
1012  
1013  
1014  
1015  
1016 : 407 AH
 

The Christians reclaim Sardinia.

1017 : 408 AH
 

Beginning of the Druze sect in Lebanon.

1018  
1019  
1020 : 411 AH
 

Death of Firdowsi of Persia, author of Shah Nama.

 

Mahmud establishes Lahore as the capital of Punjab.

 

Death of Fatimid Caliph al Hakim who had claimed divinity.

1021 : 412 AH
 

Al Zahir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1022  
1023  
1024 : 415 AH
 

Mahmud raids temple of Somanath in Gujrat, India.

1025 : 416 AH
 

Al Baruni publishes Kitab ul Hind, a penetrating study of the people of India.

1026  
1027  
1028  
1029  
1030 : 421 AH
 

Death of Mahmud of Ghazna.
Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista.

 

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1031 : 422 AH
 

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba disintegrates. Spain breaks up into petty emirates. The Christian kingdoms of Castille, Leon and Portugal position themselves to attack the Muslim territories.

 

Al Qaim becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1032 : 423 AH
 

The Church of Constantinople breaks with the Church of Rome over the issue of icons in the Church.

1033  
1034  
1035  
1036 : 427 AH
 

Taghril Beg becomes Seljuk Sultan.

 

Al Mustansir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1037 : 428 AH
 

Death of Abu Ali ibn Sina, one of the greatest of physicians.

 

Ferdinand I, king of Castille, captures Leon.

1038 : 429 AH
 

Death of Al Hazen, noted physicist.

1039  
1040  
1041  
   
1042  
   
1043 : 434 AH
 

The Fatimid Empire begins to crumble. Mecca, Madina, Yemen and North Africa are lost by the Fatimids.

1044  
1045  
1046  
1047  
1048 : 440 AH
 

Death of al Bairuni, historian, author of Kitab ul Hind.

1049  
1050 : 442 AH
 

The Christians advance in Sicily.

1051 : 443 AH
 

Beginning of the Murabitun revolution in West Africa.

1052  
1053  
1054  
1055  
   
1056 : 448 AH
 

The Seljuk Taghril Beg and the Buyid Basisiri contest the control of Baghdad.

1057  
1058 : 450 AH
 

Taghril Beg is anointed by Abbasid Caliph Kaim as “sultan of the east and the west” for his role in protecting the Abbasid Caliphate.

1059  
1060 : 452 AH
 

The Seljuk Turks advance into Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

 

The Crusaders raid the coast of North Africa.

 

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1061 : 453 AH
 

The Murabitun capture Morocco.

 

The Murabitun establish the city of Marrakesh as their capital.

1062  
1063 : 455 AH
 

Taghril Beg dies childless. His nephew Alap Arsalan becomes the Seljuk sultan.

1064  
1065  
1066  
1067  
1068 : 460 AH
 

Beginning of the Songhay Empire in West Africa.

1069  
1070  
1071  
1072 : 464 AH
 

Battle of Manzikert. The Seljuk Turks under Alap Arsalan defeat the Byzantines under Emperor Romanus and open up Anatolia for Turkish settlement.

 

The Christians capture Palermo in Sicily.

1073  
1074  
1075 : 467 AH
 

The Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah retakes Syria from the Fatimids.

 

Al Muqtadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph.

1076  
1077 : 469 AH
 

Birth of Abdul Qader Jeelani, celebrated Sufi sage.

1078  
1079  
1080  
1081  
1082  
1083  
1084  
1085 : 478 AH
 

Alfonso I of Castile captures Toledo, the ancient capital of Visigoth Spain. The extensive libraries of Toledo become accessible to Christian Europe.

1086 : 479 AH
 

The Murabitun emir, Yusuf bin Tashfin, advances into Spain at the head of a powerful African force.

 

The Nizamiya College is founded in Baghdad by Nizam ul Mulk, grand vizier to Sultan Malik Shah.

 

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1087 : 480 AH
 

Yusuf bin Tashfin defeats Alfonso VI at the Battle of Sagrajas.

 

The Crusaders sack Mahdiya in North Africa.

 

The assassin terror grows in Iraq and Syria.

1088  
1089  
1090 : 483 AH
 

Al Ghazzali teaches at NizamiyaCollege, Baghdad.

 

The Crusaders capture Malta.

 

The assassins capture Alamut in northern Syria and establish a training center for fidayees.

1091 : 484 AH
 

End of Muslim presence in Sicily.

 

Smyrna in Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

 

Death of Sultan Malik Shah.

 

The assassins murder grand vizier Nizam ul Mulk.

1092  
1093  
1094 : 487 AH
 

Al Mustansir becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

 

Al Mustadi becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.

1095 : 488 AH
 

Pope Urban II declares a Crusade to take Jerusalem.

 

Al Afdal, grand vizier of Fatimid Egypt, recaptures Jerusalem from Turkish emir Duqaq of Damascus.

1096 : 489 AH
 

The start of the First Crusade.

1097 : 490 AH
 

Konya Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

  The Turks retreat before the advancing Crusaders.
  The Fatimids in Egypt start negotiations with the Crusaders to divide up Seljuk territories.
1098 : 491 AH
 

The Crusaders capture Antioch.

1099 : 492 AH
 

Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. The Muslims and the Jews are massacred. Baldwin becomes king of Jerusalem.

 

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1100 : 493 AH
 

Al Ghazzali writes a powerful diatribe, Tahaffuz al Falsafa, against speculative philosophy. In Ihya al Uloom, he accords tasawwuf an honored position in the Islamic sciences.

1101  
1102  
1103  
1104  
1105  
1106 : 499 AH
 

Death of Yusuf bin Tashfin, emir of the Murabitun.

1107  
1108  
1109  
1110  
1111 : 504 AH
 

Abu Hamid al Ghazzali dies after transforming the intellectual landscape of the Islamic world.

1112  
1113 : 507 AH
 

Maudud, a Seljuk officer from Mosul, defeats King Baldwin of Jerusalem.

1114  
1115  
1116  
1117  
1118 : 512 AH
 

Al Mustarshid, Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1119  
1120  
1121  
1122  
1123 : 517 AH
 

Death of Omar al Khayyam, mathematician, mystic.

1124 : 518 AH
 

Death of Hassan al Sabbah, leader of the Assassins.

1125  
1126 : 520 AH
 

Archbishop Raymond establishes a school in Toledo to translate Arabic books into Latin.

1127 : 521 AH
 

The Assassins murder Turkish officer Maudud.

1128  
1129  
1130 : 524 AH
 

Death of ibn Tumart, leader of the Al Muhaddithin.

1131  
1132 : 526 AH
 

Roger II of Sicily invites Muslim scholars to work at his court.

 

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1133  
1134  
1135  
1136  
1137  
1138  
1139 :533 AH
 

Birth of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti, Sufi sage.

1140  
1141 : 535 AH
 

The Kara Kitai Turkomans defeat the Seljuks at Amu Darya.

1142  
1143  
1144 : 538 AH
  The Seljuks, under Zengi, recapture Edessa.
  Pope Eugene declares the Second Crusade.
1145 : 539 AH
  The Second Crusade collapses in Anatolia but succeeds in capturing Lisbon in Portugal.
  End of the Murabitun rule in Andalus.
1146 : 541 AH
  The al Muhaddithin captures Morocco.
  The assassins murder Seljuk Emir Zengi.
1147  
1148  
1149 : 544 AH
 

Al Zafir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1150 : 545 AH
 

The University of Paris is established.

1151 : 546 AH
 

Al Idrisi constructs a map of the then known world.

1152  
1153  
1154 : 549 AH
  The Kurdish officer Nuruddin, in Seljuk service, takes Damascus.
  Al Faiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.
1155  
1156  
1157 : 552 AH
 

The al Muhaddithin captures Andalus.

1158  
1159  
1160 : 555 AH
  Al Mustanjid becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
  Al Adid, the last of the Fatimids, becomes the Caliph in Cairo.
1161  
1162  
1163 : 558 AH
 

The Seljuks and the Crusaders compete for influence in Fatimid Egypt.

1164  
1165  
1166 : 561 AH
  Death of Shaykh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad, called Shaykh ul Mashaiq, founder of the Qadariya Sufi order.
  Death of the geographer, al Idrisi.
1167 : 562 AH
  Establishment of Oxford University in England.
 

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1168  
1169  
1170 : 565 AH
  Salahuddin takes Egypt from the Fatimids.
  Al Mustadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1171 : 566 AH
  End of the Fatimid era. Egypt reverts to the Abbasid Caliphate.
1172  
1173 : 568 AH
  Ghiasuddin Ghori established the kingdom of Ghor in Afghanistan.
1174  
1175 : 570 AH
  Salahuddin consolidates his hold on Syria and Egypt.
  Death of Ahmed al Rifai, founder of the Rifaiyah Sufi brotherhood.
1176  
1177 : 572 AH
  Muhammed Ghori adds Multan, Uch, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh to his dominions.
1178  
1179 : 575 AH
  Muhammed Ghori starts campaigns to capture Peshawar and Sialkot.
1180  
1181  
1182 : 578 AH
  Khwaja Muhammed Ghouse of Sindh introduces the Qadariya order into India and Pakistan.
1183  
1184  
1185  
1186  
1187 : 583 AH
  Battle of Hittin. Salahuddin triumphs and recaptures Jerusalem.
  Muhammed Ghori captures Lahore.
1188 : 584 AH
  Pope Clement III launches the Third Crusade.
1189 : 585 AH
  Khwaja Moeenuddin Chisti moves to Ajmer, India and establishes the Chistiya order.
1190 : 586 AH
  King Richard of England proposes a marriage between his sister and Saifuddin, brother of Salahuddin and for the two together to rule Jerusalem. The proposal is opposed by the Crusaders and is abandoned.
1191 : 587 AH
  Accra surrenders to the Crusaders after a long siege.
  Mohammed Ghori suffers a defeat at the Battle of Tarain and is forced to withdraw towards Kabul.
1192 : 588 AH
  Muhammed Ghori, victorious over the Rajputs, captures Delhi. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi is slain.
1193 : 589 AH
 

Salahuddin passes away and is buried in Damascus.

1194  
1195  
1196 : 592 AH
  The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos.
1197  
1198 : 594 AH
  Death of ibn Rushd, of the great world philosophers.
1199 : 595 AH
  Pope Innocent III declares the Fourth Crusade.
 

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1200 : 596 AH 
  Islam takes roots in Indonesia.
  Alauddin Muhammed becomes the Shah of Khwarazm.
  The Crusaders capture Valencia.
  Cambridge University is established in England.
1201 : 597 AH
  The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.
1202 : 598 AH
  The Delhi Sultanate is established.
1203 : 599 AH
  Death of Nizami, well known Farsi poet.
1204 : 600 AH
  The Crusaders, led by Dondolo of Venice, sack Constantinople and loot its treasures.
  Johan Shah, ruler of Sumatra, accepts Islam.
1205 : 601 AH
  The Turkoman Kara Kitai defeats Mohammed Ghori.
  The Ghorids put down a rebellion in the Punjab.
1206 : 602 AH
  Genghiz Khan becomes the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes.
  The assassins murder Muhammed Ghori.
  The Delhi sultans advance towards Bengal.
1207  
1208  
1209  
1210  
1211 : 608 AH
  Altumish ascends the throne of Delhi.
1212 : 609 AH
  The Crusaders defeat the al Muhaddith at the Battle of Las Novas de Tolosa.
1213  
1214  
1215 : 612 AH
  Genghiz Khan captures northern China; learns the use of gunpowder from the Chinese.
1216  
1217  
1218 : 615 AH
  The Fifth Crusade is directed against Egypt. The Egyptians open the Nile docks and drown the invaders.
1219 : 616 AH
  Genghiz Khan invades the territories of Shah Muhammed of Khorasan.
1220 : 617 AH
  Genghiz Khan devastates Central Asia.
1221 : 618 AH
  Genghiz Khan destroys Persia and Afghanistan.
  Prince Jalaluddin faces the Khan at the Battle of the Indus.
1222 : 619 AH
  Genghiz Khan returns to Mongolia.
1223 : 620 AH
  Ibn al Athir, celebrated historian, passes away.
 

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1224  
1225  
1226  
1227 : 624 AH
  Death of Genghiz Khan. The Mongols continue their advance through West Asia and Eastern Europe.
1228 : 625 AH
  The Sixth Crusade, directed at Egypt and led by Emperor Frederick II of Germany fails.
1229  
1230 : 627 AH
  Sundiata starts consolidation of the Empire of Mali.
1231  
1232  
1233  
1234  
1235 : 632 AH
  Baba Fareed of Lahore becomes heads of the Chistiya order in India.
1236 : 633 AH
  Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, falls to the Crusaders.
  Razia rules as Queen of India.
  Death of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, the most celebrated awliya of the subcontinent.
  Al Mustansir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad.
1237  
1238  
1239  
   
1240 : 637 AH
  Death of ibn al Arabi, renowned Sufi Shaykh.
  Roger Bacon teaches in England.
1241  
1242 : 639 AH
  Al Musta’sim becomes the 37th and the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1243  
1244  
1245 : 643 AH
  At the Council of Lyons, Christian Europe resolves to seek an alliance with the Mongols against the Muslims. A Franciscan priest, John de Plano Carpini, arrives at the Mongol court to seek military assistance.
1246  
1247  
1248 : 646 AH
  Seville in Spain falls to the Christians.
  Ibn Ahmar starts the Nasirid dynasty in Granada.
1249 : 647 AH
  The Seventh Crusade, directed at Egypt by the Franks, is beaten back.
1250 : 648 AH
  Shajarat al Durr rules as Queen of Egypt.
1251 : 649 AH
  Hulagu Khan becomes the Mongol lord of Persia and Central Asia.
1252  
1253  
1254  
1255  
1256 : 654 AH
  Hulagu Khan destroys the Assassins.
1257 : 655 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, celebrated Farsi poet.
  Nizamuddin Awliya becomes head of the Chishtiya order in Delhi. Islam spreads in India.
1258 : 656 AH
  Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad. End of the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The curtain falls on the classic Islamic civilization. Caliph al Musta’sim is killed.
  Death of Ali al Shadhuli, founder of the Shadhuli Sufi order.
1259  
1260 : 658 AH
  Kublai Khan ascends the throne of China. Many capable Muslims work at the court of the Great Khan.
  Hulagu Khan storms Aleppo and massacres its inhabitants.
1261 : 659 AH
  The Mamlukes of Egypt install Al Mustansir as the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo.
  The Mamluke, Zahir Baybars of Egypt, defeats a combined army of Mongols, Armenians and Crusaders at the Battle of Ayn Jalut.
 

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1262  
1263  
1264  
1265 : 663 AH
  Death of Hulagu Khan.
1266  
1267  
1268  
1269 : 667 AH
  The Merinide al Yakub captures Marrakesh.
1270  
1271  
1272  
1273 : 671 AH
  Death of Jalaluddin Rumi, author of Mathnavi, the most celebrated of Farsi poets and founder of the Maulavi Sufi order.
1274 : 672 AH
  Death of al Tusi, astronomer and inventor of the 2-axis gimbal.
  Emir al Yaqub of the Merinides defeats the Christians at the Battle of Ecija.
1275  
1276  
1277 : 676 AH
  Sultan Baybars defeats the Mongol armies at the Battle of Abulistan.
1278 : 677 AH
  Death of Sultan Baybars.
1279  
1280  
1281  
1282  
1283  
1284  
1285  
1286  
1287  
1288  
1289 : 688 AH
  The Mamlukes captures Acre, last Crusader stronghold in Syria.
1290 : 689 AH
  Sultan Malik Shah rules in Sumatra.
1291 : 690 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, well known Farsi poet.
1292  
1293  
1294 : 693 AH
  Marco Polo returns to Italy from journey to the East.
1295 : 694 AH
  Ghazan the Great, the Il Khan Emperor, accepts Islam.
 

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1296  
1297  
1298  
1299  
   
1300 : 699 AH
  Alauddin Khilji consolidates his empire over the subcontinent. Malik Kafur advances into southern India.
1301 : 700 AH
  Uthman Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman Empire, consolidates his holdings around Burs and Eskishehir; he defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yalakova.
  The Mamlukes triumph over the Il Khans at the Battle of Marj as Suffar.
1302  
1303  
1304  
1305  
1306  
1307 : 706 AH
  Mansa Musa becomes emperor of Mali.
1308  
1309  
1310  
1311  
1312  
1313  
1314  
1315  
1316 : 716 AH
  Death of Alauddin Khilji, emperor of India.
1317  
1318  
1319  
1320 : 720 AH
  The Khilji dynasty in India collapses.
  Beginning of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1321  
1322  
1323  
1324 : 724 AH
  Mansa Musa performs his hajj with an entourage of 12000.
1325 : 725 AH
  Death of Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi.
  Ibn Batuta begins his journey around the world.
  Death of Amir Khusroe ,famed Sufi poet of India
1326 : 726 AH
  Death of Uthman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. His successor Sultan Orkhan captures Bursa.
  Death of ibn Taymiyah, noted scholar, considered to be the founder of the “salafi” school of thought.
1327  
1328  
1329  
1330  
1331  
1332  
1333 : 733 AH
  Yusuf I becomes emir of Granada, breaks with Castille, forms an alliance with the sultan of Morocco and makes a last attempt to capture Spain from the Christians.
1334 : 734 AH
  Ibn Batuta arrives in Delhi.
  Death of Shaykh Safiuddin Ishaq, after whom the Safavid dynasty of Persia is named.
1335 : 735 AH
  Death of Abu Said, Il Khanid Prince.
1336  
1337  
1338  
1339  
   
1340 : 740 AH
  The Yuan Emperor Toghon Timur of China sends an embassy to the court of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India.
  The Merinide navy defeats the Spaniards at the Battle of Tarifa.
 

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1341 : 742 AH
  Death of Sultan ibn Qalawun of Egypt.
1342  
1343  
1344  
   
1345 : 746 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits Sultan Malik al Zahir of Pasai Indonesia.
1346 : 747 AH
  The Black Plague devastates Europe.
1347  
1348  
1349  
1350  
   
1351 : 752 AH
  Death of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India. The Tughlaq Empire begins to disintegrate.
1352  
1353  
   
1354 : 755 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits the Empire of Mali.
  The Ottomans capture Gallipoli and Ankara.
1355 : 756 AH
  Ibn Batuta returns to Tangier. The Merinide Sultan Abu Inan authorizes the writing of the Rehla of Ibn Batuta.
  The Genoese briefly occupy Tripoli, Libya.
1356  
1357 : 758 AH
  The Ottomans capture Erdirne.
1358  
1359  
1360  
1361  
1362  
1363  
1364  
1365  
1366  
1367  
1368 : 769 AH
  Timurlane, elected the leader of the Tatars, consolidates his hold on the valley of Farghana in Uzbekistan.
1369 : 770 AH
  Death of ibn Batuta.
1370  
1371  
1372  
1373  
1374  
1375 : 777 AH
  Dimitrius, Count of Moscow, wins a victory over the Tatar Golden Horde.
1376 : 778 AH
  The Golden Horde burns down Moscow.
1377  
1378  
1379  
   
1380 : 782 AH
  Timurlane begins his first campaign in Persia.
  Shaykh Awliya Karim al Maqdum introduces Islam into Mindanao, the Philippines.
  Kara Muhammed, leader of the Turkish tribe Kara Kuyunlu, establishes his kingdom near Mosul.
1381 : 783 AH
  The Ottomans capture Bulgaria.
1382  
1383  
1384  
1385 : 787 AH
  The Ottomans capture Thrace.
1386  
1387 : 789 AH
  Timurlane invades Russia and destroys the power of the Golden Horde. Russia begins its long march towards political consolidation.
1388  
1389 : 791 AH
  Bayazid I becomes the Ottoman sultan, defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosova.
  Death of Hafiz, one of the greatest of Farsi poets.
  Death of Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tareeqa of Bukhara.
1390 : 792 AH
  A combined French and Genoese force attacks Mahdiya, Tunisia.
1391 : 793 AH
  Bayazid I attacks Constantinople.
 

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1392  
1393  
1394  
1395  
1396 : 798 AH
  Bayazid defeats the Crusader armies at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1397  
1398 : 800 AH
  Timur sacks Isfahan, Persia.
1399 : 801 AH
  Timur invades India, sacks Delhi, India.
  Castille sacks Tetuan, Morocco.
 

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1400 : 802 AH
  Bayazid I lays siege to Constantinople.
1401 : 803 AH
  Timur defeats the Mamlukes of Egypt.
  Damascus surrenders to the Tatars.
  Timur sacks Baghdad.
1402 : 804 AH
  Timur defeats Bayazid I at the Battle of Ankara.
  Sulaiman I becomes the Ottoman sultan. 
  Sultan Iskander Shah expels the Thais from Malaya.
1403  
1404 : 806 AH
  Timur embarks on an expedition to China.
1405 : 807 AH
  Timurlane dies en route to China; his son Shah Rukh succeeds him. 
1406 : 809 AH
  Sultan Sikander Shah of Malaysia accepts Islam.
  The great Chinese Admiral Zheng Yi (commonly known as Admiral Ho), a Muslim, sails to Malaya, Indonesia, India, Persia, Yemen, East Africa and the Cape of Good Hope with a fleet of 50 great ships.
  Death of ibn Khaldun, author of Muqaddamah.
1407  
1408  
1409 : 812 AH
  Shah Rukh, heir to Timurlane, occupies Samarqand.
1410 : 813 AH
  Kara Yusuf establishes the Kara Kuyunlu kingdom around Tabriz, Persia.
  Death of Gaysu Daraz, Sufi shaykh of the Deccan, India.
1411 : 814 AH
  Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya visits China at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor.
  Prince Mehmet begins the reconsolidation of the Ottoman Empire after the disastrous defeat in the Battle of Ankara.
1412  
1413  
1414  
1415 : 818 AH
  The Portuguese capture Ceuta in Morocco.
1416  
1417  
1418  
1419  
1420 : 823 AH
  Shah Rukh consolidates his hold on Persia.
1421 : 824 AH
  Murad II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1422 : 825 AH
  Murad II lays unsuccessful siege to Constantinople.
1423  
1424 : 827 AH
  Death of Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya.
1425 : 828 AH
  Tangier in Morocco, captured by the Portuguese.
1426  
1427  
1428  
1429  
1430 : 833 AH
  The Portuguese acquire the technology to sail against the wind from the Venetians.
1431  
1432 : 835 AH
  Portuguese captain Diaz sails around Cape Bajador in West Africa.
1433  
1434 : 837 AH 
  Death of Shah Rukh. Persia disintegrates. The Kara Kuyunlu and Aq Kuyunlu expand their territories.
 

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1435  
1436  
1437  
1438  
1439  
1440  
   
1441 : 845 AH
  First slave raid by the Portuguese in southern Morocco directed against Muslims.
1442  
1443 : 847 AH
  The Portuguese capture the island of Tristao off the coast of West Africa, later to gain notoriety in the Atlantic slave trade.
1444 : 848 AH
  Ottomans armies march into Hungary.
  Murad II defeats combined armies of Hungary, Wallachia and Venice at the Battle of Varna.
  The Portuguese Lagos Company chartered under Prince Henry.
1445 : 849 AH
  Printing is introduced into Europe. Portuguese sailor Diaz sails around West Africa.
1446  
1447  
1448  
1449  
1450  
1451 : 855 AH
  Mehmet II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Shaykh Rahmat converts the Majapahit ruler (Indonesia) Raja Kertawijaya to Islam.
  Islam spreads rapidly in Java.
1452  
1453 : 857 AH
  Mehmet II conquerors Constantinople, renames it Istanbul and makes it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1454  
1455 : 859 AH
  The Venetians sail to the delta of the Gambia River.
1456 : 860 AH
  Mehmet II captures Athens, Greece.
  The Portuguese arrive at the mouth of the Gambia River.
1457  
1458 : 862 AH
  The Portuguese occupy the fortress of al Qasr, Morocco.
1459  
1460 : 864 AH
  King Alfonso of Portugal authorizes Fernao Gomes to explore the western coast of Africa.
1461 : 865 AH
  Leonardo da Vinci begins his work in Venice.
1462  
1463 : 867 AH
  Mehmet II conquers Bosnia. Mosque of Sultan Mehmet II constructed in Istanbul.
1464  
1465 : 869 AH
  Death of al Jazuli, Sufi Shaykh in Morocco.
1466  
1467 : 871 AH
  Herzegovina conquered by Mehmet II.
  Uzun Hassan, leader of Aq Quyunlu defeats Jehan Shah, leader of the Kara Quyunlu. Jehan Shah dies in battle.
1468  
1469  
1470  
1471 : 876 AH
  Tangiers occupied by Portugal.
  Portugal occupies Arzila on the West coast of Morocco.
1472  
1473 : 878 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II defeats the Aq Kuyunlu Sultan Uzun Hassan. Portuguese captain Sequira sails to Benin, Nigeria.
1474 : 879 AH
  Commercial town of Kedah, in Indonesia, becomes Muslim.
1475 : 880 AH
  War between Spain and Portugal over rights to the Canary Islands.
1476  
1477  
   
1478 : 883 AH
  Kara Quli, a descendant of Jehan Shah, flees to India and establishes the Qutubshahi dynasty near Hyderabad.
  Death of Uzun Hassan, Aq Quyunlu Sultan.
  Turmoil in western Persia.
1479 : 884 AH
  Consolidation of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella.
1480 : 885 AH
  The Ottomans capture the island of Rhodes.
1481 : 886 AH
  Bayazid II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
 

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1482 : 887 AH
  Ferdinand of Spain attacks al Hama.
1483 : 888 AH
  Civil wars in Granada.
  Ferdinand captures Malaga, Spain.
1484 : 889 AH
  The Portuguese appear at the delta of the Congo River.
1485  
1486  
1487 : 892 AH
  Portuguese sailor Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
1488 : 893 AH
  Malaga, one of the last Nasirid strongholds, falls to Castille.
1489 : 894 AH
  Adil Shah becomes Sultan of Bijapur, India
1490 : 895 AH
  Ferdinand lays siege to Granada, called Santa Fe (Holy Faith).
1491  
1492 : 897 AH
  Columbus discovers America.
  Granada falls to the Christians.
  Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
  The Jews are expelled from Spain.
  Sultan Bayazid II takes Hungary.
  Lodhi Sultanate established in Delhi.
  Death of Abdur Rahman Jami, well known Farsi poet.
1493 : 898 AH
  Abu Abdallah, commonly known as Boabdil, last emir of Granada, leaves Spain.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes Emperor of Songhay.
1494 : 899 AH
  At the Treaty of Tordesillas arranged by Pope Alexander VI, Portugal and Spain agree to divide up the world for conquest.
1495 : 900 AH
  Shaykh Putah introduces Islam into the Celebes islands and western New Guinea.
1496 : 901 AH
  Vasco da Gama, sails around the Cape of Good Hope and with the help of Muslim navigator Ahmed ibn Majid, discovers route to Malabar, India.
1497 : 902 AH
  Zahiruddin Babur loses Samarqand.
  Askiya Muhammed moves the capital of Songhay to Gao on the Niger River.
1498  
1499 : 904 AH
  Ottoman navy defeats the Venetians, takes Lepanto, off the coast of Greece.
1500 : 905 AH
  Muslims in Granada resist the Spanish Inquisition.
  Spain institutes forced slavery in Cuba.
1501 : 906 AH
  Shah Ismail I, with the help of the Safaviyya Sufi order, establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
  The Uzbek Shaibani Khan evicts Zahiruddin Babur from Samarqand.
1502 : 907 AH
  Second voyage of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. The Portuguese bombard the city-states of East Africa, destroy the port city of Cochin, India and force the Raja of Cochin to expel Muslim traders.
  The Portuguese capture Shofala, East Africa.
  Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  Inquisition against the Muslims in Spain.
 

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1503  
1504 : 910 AH
  Babur takes Kabul, Afghanistan.
  Death of al Maghili, influential thinker from North Africa.
1505 : 911 AH
  Spain occupies Mars al Kabir, Algeria.
  The Portuguese occupy Agadir Morocco and build the fort of Santa Cruz.
  Portuguese captain Almeida raids Kilwa, Tanzania.
1506  
1507 : 913 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Safi, Morocco.
  The Portuguese occupy Bab el Mandap at the entrance to the Red Sea.
1508 : 914 AH
  A Mamluke fleet defeats the Portuguese off the coast of Chaul near modern Karachi.
  Spain occupies Oran, Algeria.
1509 : 915 AH
  The Mamlukes defeat the Portuguese navy off the coast of Yemen.
  Shah Ismail I defeats the Uzbek Shaibani Khan at the Battle of Merv.
  Spain occupies Bogie, Tunisia.
  The first batch of slaves bought in Lisbon for transportation to America.
1510  
1511 : 917 AH
  The Portuguese take Goa, India, and make it the capital of their operations in the Indian Ocean.
  The Inquisition is instituted against Hindus and Muslim in India.
  Spain destroys Tripoli, Libya.
  The Ottomans crush a Qazilbash uprising in eastern Anatolia at the Battle of Sivas.
1512 : 918 AH
  Selim I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Malacca.
  Tlemcen in North Africa becomes a protectorate of Spain.
  The Uzbeks defeat the Safavids at the Battle of Khuzduvan and take Khorasan.
1513  
1514 : 920 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats Shah Ismail I at the Battle of Chaldiran.
1515 : 921 AH
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Hormuz in Persia.
  The Portuguese control the entire Atlantic coastline of Morocco.
  First shipload of sugar from Cuba arrives in Spain.
1516 : 922 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Bahrain and Oman.
  The Ottomans capture Mosul.
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats the Mamlukes at the Battle of Marj Dabik in Syria.
1517 : 923 AH
  Selim I occupies Cairo.
  Egypt becomes a province of the Ottoman Empire.
  The Caliphate moves to Istanbul.
  Selim I becomes the first Ottoman Caliph of Islam.
  Muhammed al Mahdi becomes Sa’adid Sultan of Morocco.
  Martin Luther begins Protestant reformation in Germany.
  The Portuguese capture Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  The King of Spain grants license to import African slaves into America.
  Ibrahim Lodhi becomes Sultan of Delhi.
1518  
1519 : 925 AH
  Death of Leonardo da Vinci.
  Mexican silver flows into Europe.
 

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1520 : 926 AH
  Sulaiman the Magnificent becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1521 : 927 AH
  Sulaiman captures Belgrade.
  Cortez destroys the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
1522 : 928 AH
  Sulaiman captures Rhodes. Spain captures Central America.
1523  
1524  
1525 : 931 AH
  Death of Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  Tahmasp I becomes Safavid ruler of Persia.
  Babur takes Lahore, Pakistan.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent orders a reorganization of the Ottoman fleet to challenge the Spaniards and the Portuguese.
1526 : 932 AH
  Babur captures Delhi; the Moghul dynasty is born. Sulaiman the Magnificent defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Mohacs.
1527 : 933 AH
  Babur defeats Rajput armies at the Battle of Khanua.
1528 : 934 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman captures the city of Buda in Hungary.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes blind and is deposed as the Emperor of Songhay.
1529 : 935 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman lays siege to Vienna, Austria.
1530 : 936 AH
  Death of Zahiruddin Babur. His son Humayun ascends the Moghul throne in Delhi.
  The Englishman William Hawkins raids the Ivory Coast.
1531  
1532  
1533  
1534 : 940 AH
  Khairuddin, admiral of the Ottoman fleets, recaptures Tunis.
  Henry VIII takes the Church of England out of the orbit of Rome.
1535 : 941 AH
  Sulaiman Pasha, Ottoman governor of Egypt, drives the Portuguese from Yemen.
  The English Parliament passes laws against loitering in London.
  John Calvin preaches the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
  Stock Exchange is established in London.
1536 : 943 AH
  Khairuddin raids Valencia, Spain.
1537 : 944 AH
  Khairuddin captures Otranto, Italy and threatens Rome.
1538 : 945 AH
  Khairuddin victorious over combined navies of Venice and the Vatican at the Battle of Prevesa.
1539  
1540 : 947 AH
  Spain colonizes the Philippines.
  Destruction of religious relics in England. Beginning of the end of feudalism in England.
  Sher Shah Suri defeats Moghul Emperor Humayun and displaces him from the throne of Delhi until 1555.
1541 : 948 AH
  Charles V of Spain strikes at the Algerian coast.
  Ottoman Admiral Khairuddin takes Otranto, Italy.
  Muhammed al Saadi drives the Portuguese from the fort of Santa Cruz in Morocco.
 

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1542 : 949 AH
  Increasing tribal warfare in West Africa.
1543  
1544  
1545  
1546 : 953 AH
  Death of Khairuddin. Piri Rais becomes admiral of Ottoman navies.
1547  
1548  
1549  
   
1550 : 957 AH
  Kingdom of Acheh in Indonesia is founded. Islam spreads in the Archipelago.
1551 : 958 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tripoli.
  Piri Rais challenges the Portuguese blockage of the Straits of Hormuz.
1552  
1553 : 960 AH
  Thomas Wyndham of England raids the coast of West Africa.
1554 : 961 AH
  John Lock of England raids the Ivory Coast.
1555  
1556  
1557 : 964 AH
  The Ottomans occupy Masawa, Eritrea.
1558 : 965 AH
  Akbar becomes Moghul Emperor of India.
1559  
1560 : 967 AH
  Akbar adds Malwa, Chitoor, Rathambur, Gujrat and Bengal to the Moghul Empire (1560-1574).
  Abul Fazal and Faizi, well known writers, grace the Moghul court.
  Akbar surrounds himself with the “seven gems”; men of outstanding capabilities, including the musician Tan Sen and the Finance Minister Raja Todar Mal.
1561 : 968 AH
  Piri Rais prepares an accurate map of the Atlantic seaboard.
  The Ottomans destroy a Spanish fleet at the Battle of Djerba.
1562 : 969 AH
  Akbar marries Jodha Bai, princess of Amber, Rajasthan.
1563 : 970 AH
  First English fortifications off the coasts of New Guinea.
1564 : 971 AH
  Spain occupies the Philippines.
1565 : 972 AH
  Battle of Telekote, India. The combined forces of Bijapur, Golkunda, Bidar and Gulbarga defeat the armies of Vijayanagar in southern India.
  Piri Rais undertakes unsuccessful siege of Malta.
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, captures Gujrat.
  John Hawkins of England conducts slave raids on Sierra Leone.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent passes away
 

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1566 : 973 AH
  Muslims in Spain rebel against forced conversion to Catholicism.
1567  
1568  
1569  
1570  
1571 : 979 AH
  Battle of Lepanto. Combined navies of Spain, Venice, Austria and the Vatican defeat the Ottoman navy and occupy Tunis. Ottoman naval advance into the western Mediterranean is halted.
1572 : 980 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tunis.
  The Dutch gain their independence from Spain.
1573 : 981 AH
  The Moghul Emperor Akbar authorizes the construction of four large temples in Mathura.
1574  
1575  
1576 : 984 AH
  The Ottomans advance through Algeria and take the city of Fez in Morocco.
1577  
1578 : 986 AH
  Battle of Al Qasr al Kabir. The Sa’adid Sultan Ahmed al Mansur crushes the Portuguese army. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. Morocco remains independent. Ottoman westward advance is halted.
1579 : 987 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, completes the construction of a new city, Fatehpur Sikri. He starts ecumenical discussions with all religious faiths in the Ibadat Khana.
1580 : 988 AH
  Ottoman Admiral Ali Beg raids Portuguese positions in East Africa.
  Skirmishes between the Empire of Songhay and the Sa’adids of Morocco over the salt mines of Taodini.
  Portugal becomes a protectorate of Spain.
1581 : 989 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, moves to Lahore, and adds Kashmir, Sindh, Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan to his empire.
  Akbar completes the construction of a Jami Masjid in Peshawar.
  Queen Elizabeth I sends Harborne as ambassador to Istanbul to seek trade relations with the Ottomans.
1582  
1583  
1584  
1585 : 993 AH
  War between the Safavids and the Ottomans for control of Iraq and Azerbaijan.
1586  
1587 : 995 AH
  Pope Sixtus V authorizes a Catholic crusade against England.
  The English defeat the Scots. Consolidation of Britain under the English throne.
1588 : 996 AH
  Shah Abbas becomes Safavid emperor of Persia.
  The Spanish armada is destroyed off the coast of England.
  Death of Sinan, architect of Sulaimaniye and Shehzade mosques in Turkey.
1589

 

1590 : 998 AH
  William Shakespeare writes in England.
1591 : 999 AH
  The Bohras emerge as a sub-branch of the Fatimids.
1592 : 1000 AH
  The Sa’adids of Morocco invade the Songhay Empire. A strong force under Judar Pasha destroys Timbaktu.
1593  
1594  
1595  
1596 : 1004 AH
  Akbar captures Ahmednagar in the Deccan, India.
1597  
1598 : 1006 AH
  A second Spanish attempt to conquer England ends in failure.
1599  
1600 : 1008 AH
  Dutch ascendancy in the Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade gathers momentum.
  The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I.
1601  
1602 : 1010 AH
  Shah Abbas drives the Portuguese from Bahrain.
  The Dutch East India Company is formed.
1603 : 1012 AH
  Death of Queen Elizabeth I. 
1604  
1605 : 1014 AH
  Death of Moghul Emperor Akbar.
1606  
1607  
1608  
1609 : 1018 AH
  Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
1610  
1611  
1612  
1613  
1614  
1615 : 1024 AH
  The Dutch capture the Straits of Malacca from the Portuguese.
  Thomas Roe arrives in India as British ambassador to the Moghul court.
  Galileo is tried by the Church for his view that the earth is not the center of the universe.
1616  
1617  
1618  
1619 : 1028 AH
  The Dutch East India Company obtains trading rights on the island of Java.
  Thomas Roe obtains a farman from the Great Moghul Jehangir granting Britain trading rights in India.
 

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1620 : 1029 AH
  Sufi doctrines spread to East Asia.
  The Pilgrims land at Port Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1621  
1622 : 1031 AH
  Shah Abbas I, with the help of the British navy, expels the Portuguese from the Straits of Hormuz. The British obtain trading rights in Persia.
1623 : 1032 AH
  Murad IV becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1624 : 1033 AH
  Death of Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, referred to as Mujaddid alf e Thani (Reformer of the Second Millennium). He expounded the doctrine of Wahdat as Shahada.
1625  
1626 : 1035 AH
  The Dutch establish themselves in New Amsterdam (New York).
1627 : 1036 AH
  Shah Jehan, Moghul Emperor of India.
1628  
1629  
1630 : 1039 AH
  Death of German Astronomer Johann Kepler.
1631  
1632  
1633  
1634  
1635 : 1045 AH
  Death of Mian Pir of Lahore, teacher of Dara Shikoh, son of Shah Jehan.
  Emperor Shah Jehan expels the Portuguese from Bengal.
1636  
1637  
1638 : 1048 AH
  Shah Jehan builds a new capital at Delhi. Construction of the Jami Masjid in Delhi.
1639 : 1049 AH
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Madras.
1640 : 1050 AH
  Armed rivalry between Britain, France and the Dutch for control of the slave trade.
  Portugal gains its independence from Spain.
  The Dutch capture Sri Lanka.
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Calcutta.
 

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1641 : 1051 AH
  Sultana Tajul Alam Safiyyiatuddin rules as Queen of Acheh. She is the first of four queens to rule over the northern part of Sumatra.
  The Dutch capture Cochin on the West coast of India.
1642 : 1052 AH
  The Dutch establish a colony at Masulipatam on the East coast of India.
1643 : 1053 AH
  War between Venice and the Ottomans for control of Crete.
1644  
1645  
1646  
1647  
1648 : 1058 AH
  Shah Jehan completes the Taj Mahal, the most celebrated monument to love, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  The Portuguese recapture Brazil from the Dutch.
1649  
1650  
1651  
1652  
1653  
1654  
1655 : 1065 AH
  The Kurpulu brothers Mehmet Pasha and Fazil Ahmed revitalize the Ottoman administration (1655-1676).
1656  
1657  
1658 : 1068 AH
  Aurangzeb becomes the Moghul Emperor.
1659 : 1069 AH
  End of the Sa’adid dynasty in Morocco.
1660 : 1070 AH
  Isaac Newton revolutionizes physics.
1661  
1662  
1663  
1664 : 1074 AH
  The British seize New Amsterdam, rename it New York.
  The Battle of St. Gotthard between the Ottomans and the European “Holy League” ends in a stalemate.
1665  
1666 : 1076 AH
  The Qur’an is translated into the Malay language.
1667  
1668 : 1079 AH
  King Charles II of England sells Bombay to the East India Company.
1669  
1670  
1671  
1672  
1673  
1674  
1675  
1676 : 1087 AH
  Kara Mustafa Pasha becomes grand vizier in Istanbul.
1677 : 1088 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over access to the Black Sea.
1678  
1679  
1680  
1681  
1682  
1683 : 1094 AH
  The second siege of Vienna ends in failure. The Ottomans lose Hungary.
1684  
1685  
1686 : 1097 AH
  The Hapsburgs advance through Hungary towards Belgrade.
  The British make an attempt to capture the port of Chittagong in India and are beaten back by Moghul forces. 
1687 : 1098 AH
  The Ottomans are defeated at the second Battle of Mohacs.  
1688  
1689  
1690  
1691  
1692  
1693  
1694 : 1105 AH
  The Bank of England advances a perpetual loan of 1.2 million pounds to the British Crown in return for the privilege of putting its own notes into circulation.
1695  
1696 : 1107 AH
  Peter of Russia captures the strategic fortress of Azov from the Ottomans.
  The Sultan of Oman recaptures Fort Jesus of Mombasa from the Portuguese.
1697  
1698  
1699  
1700  
1701  
1702  
1703  
1704  
1705  
1706  
1707 : 1119 AH
  Death of Aurangzeb. The Moghul Empire begins to disintegrate.
 

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1708 : 1120 AH
  The assassination of Guru Gobind Singh sets off Sikh revolts against Moghul rule in India.
1709  
1710  
1711  
1712  
1713 : 1125 AH
  The British displace the Dutch as the most powerful force in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
1714  
1715  
1716  
1717  
1718  
1719  
1720  
1721  
1722 : 1134 AH
  Tahmasp II, last Safavid ruler of Persia ascends the Persian throne.
  Nizam ul Mulk is appointed the Subedar of Hyderabad.
1723  
1724  
1725  
1726  
1727  
1728  
1729  
1730  
1731  
1732  
1733  
1734  
1735  
1736 : 1149 AH
  Nadir Shah becomes Emperor of Persia, displaces the Safavid Tahmasp II.
1737  
1738  
   
1739 : 1152 AH
  Nadir Shah of Persia invades India, sacks Delhi, and carries off the Peacock Throne.
1740 : 1153 AH
  Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab starts his movement in Najd, Arabia.
1741 : 1154 AH
  Ahmed ibn Said becomes Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar and attempts to build a strong navy. 
1742  
1743  
1744  
1745  
1746 : 1159 AH
  Muhammed ibn Saud establishes the Saudi dynasty near Riyadh.
1747  
1748  
1749  
1750  
1751  
1752  
1753  
1754 : 1167 AH
  The French General Dupleix leaves India. France loses the contest for control of Indian trade to the British.
1755  
1756 : 1169 AH
  Anglo-French wars in India and America (1756-63). The British are victorious over the French.
1757 : 1170 AH
  The Battle of Plassey. The British gain control of Bengal, India.
1758 : 1171 AH
  The Industrial Revolution in England gains momentum, fueled by the loot from Bengal.
  The Marathas occupy Lahore; oust Timur, son of Nadir Shah of Kabul.
1759  
1760  
1761 : 1174 AH
  Third Battle of Panipat near Delhi. The Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeat Maratha armies.
1762 : 1175 AH
  Death of Shah Waliullah of Delhi, leading reformer.
1763 : 1176 AH
  The Treaty of Paris. The French give up their interests in India and America.
 

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1764 : 1177 AH
  The British starve the Begums of Oudh, India, to surrender their jewels.
  Battle of Buxor. The British defeat the combined armies of Oudh, Bengal and Delhi.
1765 : 1178 AH
  The British wage a brutal campaign against the Afghans of Rohilla in India.
1766  
1767 : 1181 AH
  The First Mysore War (1767-68). Tippu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali force the British to sue for peace.
1768  
1769  
1770  
1771  
1772 : 1186 AH
  The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1773  
1774  
1775  
1776 : 1190 AH
  The Colonies declare independence in America. The American War of Independence (1776-83) follows.
1777  
1778  
1779  
1780 : 1194 AH
  The Second Mysore War. Tippu Sultan defeats the British at the Battle of Pollipur.
1781 : 1195 AH
  George Washington defeats General Cornwallis at the Battle of Saratoga. Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, retires to England, is hired by the East India Company, and is sent to battle Tippu Sultan of Mysore.
1782  
1783  
1784  
1785  
1786  
   
1787 : 1201 AH
  Death of Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab of Arabia.
1788  
1789 : 1203 AH
  The Third Mysore War (1789-91). Cornwallis forces Tippu Sultan to cede half of his Territory; takes Tippu’s children as hostage.
  Beginning of the French Revolution.
1790  
1791  
1792  
1793 : 1207 AH
  The British Permanent Settlement Act imposes feudal landlords upon Bengal.
1794  
1795  
1796  
1797  
1798 : 1213 AH
  Napoleon lands in Egypt and is victorious at the Battle of the Pyramids.
  The British capture Colombo from the Dutch.
1799 : 1214 AH
  Napoleon corresponds with Tippu Sultan of Mysore and the Sultan of Oman about an invasion of India.
  Tippu Sultan falls at the Battle of Srirangapatam.
  Napoleon is defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar and is forced to withdraw from Egypt.
1800  
1801 : 1216 AH
  The Wahhabis raid Karbala. Wahhabi movement spreads to Iraq. The Wahhabis raid the Hejaz.
1802  
1803 : 1218 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Ottoman governor of Egypt; starts a long series of reforms.
  The Marathas in Poona, India, sue for peace with the British.
  Denmark abolishes the slave trade.
  Emir Abdul Aziz of Najd captures Mecca.
1804  
1805 : 1220 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Pasha of Egypt.
1806 : 1221 AH
  British armies enter Delhi.
 

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1807 : 1222 AH
  Uthman dan Fuduye establishes the Sokoto Caliphate.
  Muhammed Ali Pasha beats back a British attempt to seize Alexandria, Egypt.
1808 : 1223 AH
  The United States abolishes the slave trade.
1809  
1810  
1811  
   
1812 : 1227 AH
  Muhammed Ali of Egypt recaptures Mecca and Hejaz from the Wahhabis (1812-15).
1813  
1814  
1815  
1816  
1817 : 1232 AH
  Death of Uthman dan Fuduye, mujahid in West Africa.
  Muhammed Bello becomes Caliph of the Sokoto Empire.
1818 : 1233 AH
  Holland abolishes the slave trade.
1819  
1820  
1821 : 1236 AH
  Greek war against the Ottomans.
1822  
1823  
1824  
1825  
1826  
1827 : 1242 AH
  Naval Battle of Navarino pits European axis against the Ottomans.
  Shaykh Ahmed Lobo establishes the kingdom of Lobo in West Africa.
1828 : 1243 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over control of the Black Sea. Russia advances into Anatolia.
1829  
1830 : 1246 AH
  Greece breaks off from the Ottoman Empire.
  France occupies Algiers.
1831  
1832  
1833  
1834 : 1250 AH
  Beginning of Muslim resistance to the Russians in Daghestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.
1835 : 1251 AH
  The Ottomans defeat the French at Malta.
  The British replace Persian with English in the higher courts in India.
1836  
1837 : 1253 AH
  Sanusiya Sufi brotherhood is founded in North Africa.
1838 : 1254 AH
  British invasion of Afghanistan ends in failure.
1839 : 1255 AH
  Abdul Mecit I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Beginning of Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire.
1840 : 1256 AH
  France starts colonization of Algeria.
1841  
1842  
1843  
1844  
1845  
1846 : 1262 AH
  The Bank Act of 1846 in England confers legal recognition on the negotiability of credit documents.
1847  
1848 : 1264 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah ascends the throne of Persia.
1849  
1850 : 1266 AH
  The Bahai schism starts in Persia.
1851 : 1267 AH
  The British build a railroad linking Alexandria with Suez (1851-54).
1852  
1853 : 1269 AH
  The Tijaniya Sufi brotherhood is established in West Africa.
  Beginning of the Crimean War. Britain and France support the Ottomans against Russia.
 

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1854 : 1270 AH
  Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt grants a concession to French Engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps to build the Suez Canal. Egypt borrows funds from international bankers to complete the canal.
  The Ottomans take their first loan from international bankers.
1855  
1856 : 1272 AH
  End of the Crimean war between Russia and the Ottomans.
1857 : 1273 AH
  The Sepoy Uprising in India. After initial successes, the Uprising is crushed by the British. End of Moghul rule. The British exile the last Moghul Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon, Burma.
1858 : 1274 AH
  The Russians capture Imam Shamil, Naqshbandi Imam in Daghestan. End of Muslim resistance in Chechnya and Daghestan.
1859 : 1275 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Sanusi, Reformer, Sufi Shaykh of Libya.
1860 : 1276 AH
  Alhajj Omar resists French colonization in Sene-Gambia.
1861 : 1277 AH
  American Civil War (1861-65). The price of Egyptian cotton soars in world markets.
1862  
1863 : 1280 AH
  Abraham Lincoln proclaims the abolition of slavery.
1864  
1865  
1866  
1867  
1868  
1869 : 1286 AH
  The Suez Canal opens with much fanfare.
  The price of Egyptian cotton drops precipitously. Egyptian public debt mounts.
  Tunisia falters on debt payments to European bankers. The International Debt Commission for Tunisia assumes control over Tunisian finances.
1870  
1871 : 1288 AH
  A unified Germany emerges as the most powerful continental power in Europe.
1872  
1873 : 1290 AH
  The Dutch capture the Kingdom of Acheh in Sumatra. Beginning of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.
1874 : 1291 AH
  Syed Ahmed Khan founds the Aligarh College in India.
1875 : 1292 AH
  Egypt sells off its share in the Suez Canal Company to the British to partially offset its debts.
1876 : 1293 AH
  Abdul Hamid II becomes the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph. He starts consolidation of ties with Muslim peoples worldwide.
  Egypt falters on debt payments. Britain and France appoint a Commission on Egyptian Public Debt with the power to confiscate revenues.
 

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1877 : 1294 AH
  Russia invades the Ottoman Empire (1877-78). Russian troops advance to within ten miles of Istanbul and dictate capitulation terms to the Turks at the Treaty of San Stefano.
1878 : 1295 AH
  Egypt is forced by Britain and France to accept international control over her finances.
  Treaty of Berlin results in effective dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
  Britain occupies Cyprus.
1879 : 1296 AH
  Britain and France force Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt to abdicate in favor of his son Tawfiq Pasha. Sultan Abdul Hamid acquiesces in the abdication.
1880 : 1297 AH
  The French, in violation of the Treaty of Berlin, occupy Tunisia and declare it a “protectorate”.
1881 : 1298 AH
  Egyptian nationalists under Ahmed Torabi Pasha stage protests against foreign control.
1882 : 1299 AH
  The British bombard Alexandria into submission, defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Tel el Kabir and occupy Cairo.
  The Mahdi seizes Khartoum and establishes a Caliphate in the Sudan.
1883  
1884  
   
1885 : 1302 AH
  The British storm Khartoum. Death of al Mahdi of the Sudan.
  An Englishman, Allan Hume, founds the Indian National Congress.
1886  
1887  
1888 : 1305 AH
  Ghulam Mirza Ahmed starts the Ahmadiya schism in Punjab, India. The movement draws strong opposition from the ulema.
1889  
1890  
1891 : 1308 AH
  The Tobacco Concession touches off an uproar in Persia. Peaceful boycott of tobacco, under a fatwa from Hajji Mirza Hassan Shirazi, forces the Shah to rescind the Concession.
1892  
1893  
1894  
1895  
1896 : 1314 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah of Persia is assassinated.
1897  
1898  
1899  
1900  
1901 : 1319 AH
  Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Riyadh.
1902  
1903  
1904  
1905  
1906 : 1324 AH
  All India Muslim League is founded.
1907 : 1325 AH
  Death of Muzaffaruddin Shah of Persia. His son Muhammed Ali Mirza becomes the Shah. The first Majlis is elected in Persia.
  The Young Turks Movement in Turkey gathers momentum.
1908 : 1326 AH
  Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  Constitutional revolution in Persia. Muhammed Ali Shah of Persia is deposed. His young son Ahmed Mirza becomes the Shah.
1909 : 1327 AH
  Sultan Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks.
  Mehmet V becomes the Sultan.
1910  
1911 : 1329 AH
  The Sanusi brotherhood resists the Italian invasion of Libya.
1912 : 1330 AH 
  Muhammadiya movement is organized in Indonesia.
  Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1913 : 1331 AH
  The Balkan war begins. Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria invade Ottoman territories. Albania becomes independent. The Ottomans are forced to withdraw from most of the Balkans.
1914 : 1332 AH
  A Serb in Sarajevo murders Prince Francis Ferdinand of Austria. Austria declares war on Serbia.
  Russia declares war on Austria.
  Germany declares war on Russia.
  France and England declare war on Germany.
  The Triple Entente powers (Britain, France and Russia) declare war on the Ottomans.
  Beginning of World War I.
 

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1915 : 1333 AH
  The Ottomans contain British advances in Iraq and beat back attempts to capture Baghdad and Istanbul.
1916 : 1334 AH
  The British promise to set up a unified Arab state.
  Sharif Hussain declares himself king of Hejaz, attacks Ottoman garrisons in Arabia.
  Lawrence of Arabia, a British intelligence officer, works with the Arabs.
  The Sykes-Picot agreement divides up the Ottoman territories between England, France, Russia, Greece and Italy.
1917 : 1335 AH
  Anglo Indian troops under Allenby capture Baghdad and Jerusalem.
  The Balfour Declaration promises to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  The French take Beirut.
  Germany releases the Bolshevik leader Lenin to pressure Russia to drop out of the War.
  The United States enters the War.
  The Russian army begins to collapse on the western front. The October Revolution brings the Bolsheviks to power. Russia pulls out of the War.
1918 : 1336 AH
  Mehmet VI becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Damascus falls to British Forces.
  Germany and the Ottoman Empire capitulate. End of World War I.
  The Wafd movement starts in Egypt.
1919 : 1337 AH
  The victorious allies partition the Ottoman Empire.
  Greece invades Anatolia.
1920 : 1338 AH
  French mandate over Syria.
  British mandate over Iraq and Palestine.
  The Greeks capture Alashehir, Bahkesir, Bandarma and Bursa.
  The Turks stop the Greeks at the Battle of Ankara.
1921 : 1339 AH
  The British appoint Abdullah, son of Sharif Hussain, as emir of Trans Jordan.
  Faisal, another son of Hussain, is appointed emir of Iraq.
  The Turks are victorious over the Greeks at the Battle of the Sakarya River. Greece retreats from Anatolia.
1922 : 1340 AH
  Abdul Mecit II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Mustafa Kemal becomes President of the Republic of Turkey.
1923  
1924 : 1342 AH
  The Turkish National Assembly abolishes the Caliphate
 

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1925  
1926  
1927 : 1345 AH
  Tablighi Jamaat reform movement founded in India
1928 : 1346 AH
  Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brothers) founded in Egypt
1929  
1930  
1941 : 1360 AH
  Jamaat-i Islami reform movement founded in Lahore, India
1945 : 1364 AH
  Indonesia becomes independent republic
  Islam spreads to the West with mass migrations from Asia, Africa and India
1947 : 1366 AH
  Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
1957 : 1376 AH
  Independent Malayan state established with Islam as the official religion but guaranteed tolerance
1960 : 1379 AH
  Familes from SE Asia and North Africa emigrate to Europe and the Americas
1979 : 1399 AH
  Shah of Iran is overthrown by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni, who establishes strict fundamentalist rule of Shi'a principles
1990 : 1410 AH 
  Taliban come to power in Afghanistan
2001 : 1422 AH 
  Muslim extremists attack the United States 
2003 : 1424 AH     
  Saddam Hussien ousted by Western forces     
 

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World Islamic History : 131 H
31/8/748 - 19/8/749 CE

                    

Other Events                                   

131AH : Abu Muslim conquered Kufah.

Abu Muslim Abd al-Rahman ibn Muslim al-Khurasani  a Persian general in service of the Abbasid dynasty, who led the Abbasid Revolution that toppled the Umayyad dynasty.

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Islamic Lineage                               

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Islamic Timeline                             

1 - 100 (623 - 719)
101 - 200 (720 - 816)
201- 300 (817 - 913)
301 - 400 (914 - 1010)
401 - 500 (1011 - 1107)
501 - 600 (1108 - 1204)
601 - 700 (1205 - 1301)
701 - 800 (1302 - 1398)
801 - 900 (1399 - 1495)
901 - 1000 (1496 - 1592)
1001 - 1100 (1593 - 1689)
1101 - 1200 (1690 - 1786)
1201 - 1300 (1787 - 1883)
1301 - 1400 (1884 - 1980)
1401 - 1500 (1981 - 2078)

570 : 52 BH
  Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca
610 : 12 BH
  Revelation of the first versus of the Quran
  Ali ibn Abu Talib and Abu Bakar as Siddiq accept Islam
615 : 7 BH
  Conversion of Omar Ibn Al Khattab
620 : 2 BH
  A group of Muslims migrates to Abyssinia to escape the persecution in Mecca
622
  Prophet Muhammad migrates to Madina
  Start of the Islamic calendar
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623 23 J.T 1AH - 3 Rej 2AH
624  4 Rej 2AH - 14 Rej 3AH
  Battle of Badr
625 15 Rej 3AH - 25 Rej 4AH
  Battle of Uhud  
626 26 Rej 4AH - 6 Syab 5AH
  Battle of Khandaq / Battle of the Trench 
627 7 Syab 5AH - 17 Syab 6AH
  Prophet Muhammad concludes the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the Meccans
628 18 Syab 6AH - 28 Syab 7AH
  The Muslims reclaim Mecca
  The Prophet sends messages to Khosroe of Persia, Heraclius of Byzantium, Muqawqis of Egypt and the king of Yemen, inviting them to accept Islam 
629 29 Syab 7AH - 10 Ramad 8AH
630 11 Ramad 8AH - 21 Ramad 9AH
631  
632 : 11 AH
  Farewell pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad
  The last verse of the Quran is revealed
  Defensive expedition to Tabuk against the Byzantines ends in a stalemate and commander Zaid bin Harris is killed in action
  Prophet Muhammad passes away
  The Companions establish the Caliphate to affirm the historical continuity of Islam
  Abu Bakar as Siddiq is elected the first Caliph
  Death of Fatimah az Zahra beloved daughter of the Prophet,wife of Ali ibn Abu Talib
 

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633 : 12 AH
  Abu Bakar conducts campaigns against eastern Arabs to ensure their compliance with zakat
  Rise of the false prophets
  Battle of Yamama against Musailimah Al Kazzab
  Abu Bakar authorizes the preparation of a written copy of the Quran, the Mashaf e Siddiqi
634 : 13 AH
  Muslim armies defeat the Byzantines at the Battle of Ajnadyn
  Abu Bakar passes away
  Omar ibn Al Khattab is elected the Caliph
635 : 14 AH
  Campaigns against eastern Roman and Persian Empires
  The Muslims capture Damascus
636 : 15 AH
  The Persian army is defeated at the Battle of Qadasia
  The Byzantines are defeated at the Battle of Yarmuk
  Jerusalem conquered by Arab armies. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to Christians.
 

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637 : 16 AH
  The Muslims capture Madayen, capital of the Persian Empire
638  
639  
640 : 19 AH
  Omar bin al As begins campaigns in Egypt
641 : 20 AH
  Arab armies advance towards Khorasan, Afghanistan dan Sindh
642 : 21 AH
  The conquest of Egypt is completed
  Caliph Omar streamlines the administration of the vast empire
  Judical rulings of Omar ibn al Khattab and Ali ibn Abu Talib provide a basis for the sciences of Fiqh
  Persian armies defeated at the Battle of Nahawand
643 : 22 AH
  First construction of the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem
644 : 23 AH
  Caliph Omar ibn Al Khattab is assassinated
  Uthman bin Affan is elected the Caliph
645  
646  
647  
648  
649 : 28 AH
  Cyprus is captured from the Byzantines
650 : 29 AH
  Pronunciation of Quranic verses standardized
651  
652 : 31 AH
  Death of Abu Dhar al Ghifari, venerated Companion and Sufi
653  
654  
655  
   
656 : 36 AH
  Caliph Uthman bin Affan is assassinated
  Ali ibn Abu Talib is elected the Caliph
  Beginning of the Civil Wars
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats dissidents under Aisha binti Abu Bakar at the Battle of the Camel  
657 : 37 AH
  Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, refuses to recognize the Caliphate of Ali
  Battle of Siffin between forces of Ali and Muawiya
  Beginning of the Kharijite schism
 

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658 : 38 AH
  Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan
  Muawiya is declared the Caliph by his supporters in Damascus
659 : 39 AH
  Truce between Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
660  
661 : 41 AH
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib is assassinated
  Age of Khulafa e Rashidoon ends
  Muawiya claims the Caliphate
  Beginning of the Umayyad dynasty
  Imam Hassan ibn Ali retires from politics
662  
663  
664  
665 : 45 AH
  Muawiya orders the buildup of a navy
666  
667 : 47 AH
  Muslim armies capture Khorasan
668  
669 : 49 AH
  Death of Imam Hassan ibn Ali
670 : 50 AH
  Uqba bin Nafi begins the conquest of North Africa
  The city of Khairaoun in North Africa is founded
671 : 51 AH
  Muslim armies capture the island of Rhodes
  The first attempt to capture Constantinople fails
672  
673  
674  
675  
676  
677  
678 : 58 AH
  Death of Aisha binti Abu Bakar wife of Prophet Muhammad and the source of a large number of Hadith
 

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679  
680 : 60 AH
  Death of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
  Yazid son of Muawiya becomes Omayyad ruler
  The tragedy of Karbala, Hussain ibn Ali,grandson of the Prophet is martyred
  Beginning of Yawm e Ashoora
681  
682  
683 : 63 AH
  Yazid sacks Madina
  Uqba bin Nafi conquers North Africa
  Death of Yazid: Muawiya II succeeds him
684 : 64 AH
  Marwan I becomes the Caliph
685 : 65 AH
  Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph
  Construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  Muslim armies advance into Central Asia
686  
687  
688  
689  
690 : 71 AH
  Omayyad armies reach the Atlantic Ocean
691 : 72 AH
  Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is completed
692 : 73 AH
  Abdul Malik mints the first coins of the Islamic state
693 : 74 AH
  Al Hajjaj also known as al Hajjaj the cruel becomes governor of Iraq
694 : 75 AH
  Construction of the Omayyad Mosque in Damascus
695  
696  
697  
698  
699 : 80 AH
  Death of Al Juhani rationalist, philosopher
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700  
701  
702  
703  
704  
705 : 86 AH
  Al Walid I becomes the Caliph and begins a vigorous expansion of the empire
706  
707  
708  
709  
710  
711 : 92 AH
  Tariq ibn Ziyad lands in Spain. Visigoth army under Rodriguez is defeated at the Battle of Buhayrah
  Muhammad bin Qasim lands at Debal subdues Baluchistan , Sindh , Multan and southern Punjab
712 : 93 AH
  Musa ibn Nusair advances into Leon, Astoria, and Galicia
  Beginning of 780 years of Muslim rule in Andalus
  Jewish golden age in Spain
  Death of Imam Zainul Abedin
713 : 94 AH
  Zaid bin Zainul Abedin organizes resistance to the Omayyads. Beginning of the Zaidi branch.
  Muslim armies capture Lyons in France
714 : 95 AH
  Muhammad bin Qasim recalled from Sindh by Hajjaj bin Yusuf and imprisoned until death
  Muslims capture Normandy in France
715 : 96 AH
  Sulaiman becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Musa ibn Nusair recalled from Spain by Caliph Sulaiman, stripped of all power and banished into the desert
716  
717 : 98 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz becomes the Caliph and attempts reconciliation in the Islamic community. He lowers taxes on peasants in Persia and Egypt.
  The Byzantines repulse a second Muslim attempt to capture Constantinople.
  Spread of Islam into Persia and Egypt picks up momentum
 

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718  
719 : 100 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz is poisoned
  Yazid II becomes the Caliph
720 : 101 AH
  Muslim armies cross the Pyrenees and occupy southern France
721  
722  
723  
724 : 106 AH
  Hisham becomes the Caliph
725  
726  
727  
728 : 110 AH
  Death of Hasan al Basri,well known Sufi Shaykh
729  
730  
731 : 113 AH
  Death of Imam al Baqir
732 : 114 AH
  Charles Martel stops the Muslim advance into Europe at the Battle of Tours
733  
734  
735 : 117 AH
  Muslim armies advance through southern France and occupy mountain passes in Switzerland
736  
737  
738  
739  
   
740 : 122 AH
  Death of Imam Zaid bin Zain ul Abedin
741  
742  
   
743 : 125 AH
  Al Walid II becomes the Caliph
744 : 126 AH
  Abu Muslim is appointed the chief dayee of Khorasan
  Yazid III, Ibrahim and Marwan II become the Caliphs in rapid succession
745 : 127 AH
  Imam Jaafar as Saadiq discusses Fiqh issues in his study circles. Imam Abu Haneefa participates in these studies and benefits from them.
746 : 128 AH
  Beginning of the Abbasid revolution in Khorasan
747 : 129 AH
  Kufa falls to the Abbasids. Abu Muslim nominates Abul Abbas as the first Abbasid Caliph
748  
749  
750 : 132 AH
  The Abbasid Revolution
  The Abbasid forces defeat the Caliph Marwan at the Battle of Zab. The Umayyads are swept away from power and are slaughtered
  Andur Rahman I escapes to Spain
  Beginning of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. Abu Abbas al Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph
 

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751 : 133 AH
  Battle of Tlas.The Muslim armies are victorious over the forces of the Tang Empire. China cedes Central Asia to the Caliphate
  Systematic development of Fiqh begins
752  
753  
   
754 : 136 AH
  Al Mansur becomes the Caliph,sends troops into China in response to a request for help from the Tang Emperor Tsung. 
755 : 138 AH
  The Umayyad Abdur Rahman I establishes the Umayyad Emirate in Cordoba Spain
756  
757  
   
758  
   
759 : 142 AH
  The Franks recapture Narbonne from the Muslims
760 : 143 AH
  Death of Imam Ismail, son of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq
  Beginning of the Fatimid branch among Muslims
761  
762  
763 : 146 AH
  Baghdad becomes the seat of the Caliphate and the cradle of Islamic civilization
764  
765 : 148 AH
  Death of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq one of the principal sources of Fiqh. Caliph al Mansur establishes schools of translation in Baghdad.
  Muslims come into contact with Greek philosophy and Indian mathematics
766  
767  
768 : 151 AH
  Death of Imam Abu Haneefa after whom the Hanafi school of Fiqh is named.
  Charlemagne ( 768-814) ascends the Frankish throne.
 

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769  
770  
771  
772  
773  
774  
775 : 158 AH
  Al Mahdi becomes the Caliph
776  
777  
778 : 161 AH
  Charlemagne of France raids Muslim Spain
779  
780 : 163 AH
  Charlemagne invades German territories and converts the Germans to Christianity
781 : 164 AH
  Ibn Jabir invents the science of chemistry
782  
783  
784  
785 : 168 AH
  Al Hadi becomes the Caliph
786 : 169 AH 
  Harun al Rashid becomes the Caliph. Golden age of Baghdad
787  
788 : 172 AH
  Beginning of the Idrisid dynasty in North Africa
789  
790 : 174 AH
  The manufacture of paper is introduced into Baghdad from China
791  
792  
793  
794  
795 : 179 AH
  Death of Imam Malik bin Anas, after whom the Maliki school of Fiqh is named
796  
797  
798  
799 : 183 AH 
  Zubaida, wife of Harun al Rashid performs the Hajj and builds rest houses for hajjis on the road
  Death of Imam Muza al Kazim
 

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800 : 184 AH
  Harun al Rashid and Charlemagne exchange ambassadors
801 : 185 AH
  The city of Fez is established
  Charlemagne begins an invasion of Muslim Spain
802 : 186 AH
  Death of Rabia al Adawiya one of the most celebrated spiritual luminaries and a teacher of Sufi masters
803  
804  
805  
806  
807  
808  
809 : 193 AH
  Death of Harun al Rashid. Al Amin becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
810  
811  
812  
813 : 197 AH
  Al Mamun succeeds his brother Al Amin as the Caliph
814 : 198 AH
  Death of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Empire in Europe begins to disintegrate
815 : 199 AH
  Al Khwarizmi invents the science of Algebra and develops the mathematics of equations
  Viking raids from the North ravage Europe
  The Abbasid Empire begins a slow process of disintegration. The Idrisids in North Africa and the Tahirids in Persia become autonomous
 

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816  
817  
818 : 202 AH
  Death of Imam Ali al Rida
819  
820 : 205 AH
  Death of Imam al Shafie after whom the Shafie school of Fiqh is named.
  Rise of the Aghlabids in North Africa
821  
822 : 207 AH
  Music flourishes at the court of Cordoba under the musician al Zirhab
  The Aghlabid armies from North Africa invade Sicily
823  
824  
825  
826  
827 : 212 AH
  Caliph al Mamun adopts Mutazilite doctrines as court dogma
  The Idrisids capture Crete, Sardinia and Sicily
828  
829  
830 : 215 AH
  Caliph al Mamun patronizes the Bait ul Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad and encourages translation of Greek and Sanskrit books into arabic. The Muslims develop concept of decimals in mathematics
831 : 216 AH
  Muslims capture Palermo Italy
832  
833 : 218 AH
  Death of Al Mamun. Al Mutasim becomes the Caliph and enlists Turks into the army
834  
835 : 220 AH
  Death of Imam al Jawwad
836  
837  
838 : 223 AH
  Umayyad armies from Spain occupy Marseilles France
839  
840 : 225 AH
  Death of Al Khwarizmi mathematician , Sufi Shaykh
841  
842 : 227 AH
  Al Wathiq becomes the Caliph
843  
844  
845  
846 : 231 AH
  The Aghlabids in North Africa occupy Pisa and conduct a raid on Rome
 

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847 : 232 AH
  Al Mutawakkil becomes the Caliph abandons Mutazilite doctrines
848  
849  
850 : 235 AH
  Turkish influence in the Caliphate grows
851  
852  
853  
854  
855 : 241 AH
  Death of Imam ibn Hanbal after whom the Hanbali school of FIqh is named
856  
857  
858  
859  
860  
   
861 : 247 AH
  University of Kairaouine ( established 859 CE ) in Fes Morocco. Caliph al Mutawakkil is murdered in Baghdad. Al Muntasir becomes the Caliph
862  
863  
864  
865  
866 : 252 AH
  Al Mutaz becomes the Caliph
867  
868 : 254 AH
  Egypt becomes autonomous under the Tulunids
  Palermo in Sicily becomes a center of Islamic learning
  Death of Imam al Hadi
869  
870 : 256 AH
  The Zanj workers from East Africa revolt in Iraq
  Death of Al Farabi and Al Kindi noted men of science
  Death of Al Tabari renowned physician
  The Muslims capture Malta
  Al Mutamid becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
871  
872  
873  
874 : 260 AH
  Death of Abul Hussain Muslim, compiler of Hadith
  Death of Imam al Askari
  Death of Al Kindi mathematician astronomer
  Death of Al Bistami one of the most celebrated Sufi Shaikhs
 

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875 : 261 AH
  Hamdan Karamat starts the Karamatian movement
  The Sassanids establish themselves in Bokhara
876  
877  
878 : 264 AH
  Disappearance of Imam al Muntazar the Twelth Imam
  Beginning of belief in the hidden Imam
879  
880 : 266 AH
  The Aghlabids lose southern Italy to Christian forces
881  
882 : 268 AH
  A rebellion of the Zanj in Iraq is crushed
883  
884  
885 : 272 AH
886  
887 : 274 AH
  Peasant revolt in China against foreigners forces out the Muslims of Canton
888  
889 : 276 AH
  Death of Ibn Kutaiba historian
890 : 277 AH
  Spanish Muslims re-establish bases in southern France and conduct raids into Switzerland
891  
892 : 279 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Tharmidi historian
  Al Mutadid becomes the Caliph
893 : 280 AH
  The Karamatians capture Yemen
894  
895  
896  
897  
898 : 285 AH
  Imam al Hadi Yahya establishes a Zaidi state in Yemen
 

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899  
900 : 287 AH
  The Arabian Nights are compiled
  Improvements appear in the design and use of the Astrolabe
  The Kharijites establish a dynasty in Sijilmasa North Africa
901 : 288 AH
  The Samanids emerge in Khorasan Persia
902 : 289 AH
  Al Muktafi becomes the Caliph
903 : 290 AH
  The Karamatians plunder Damascus
904 : 291 AH
  Muslim armies capture Solonika from the Byzantines
905  
906  
907 : 294 AH
  Abu Abdullah Fatimid leader moves to North Africa 
908 : 295 AH
  Al Muqtadir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
909 : 296 AH
  The Fatimids establish themselves in North Africa
  Ubaidulla al Mahdi becomes the first Fatimid Caliph
910 : 297 AH
  Al Razi conducts research into infectious diseases including small pox,rabies and the plague
911  
912 : 299 AH
  Reign of Abdul Rahman III in Spain (912 - 961). Cordoba becomes the premier city of Europe. Golden age of Spain. Science and civilization thrive.
 

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913  
914 : 301 AH
  Nasr al Saeed of the Samanids in Khorasan favors the Fatimids over the Abbasids
915 : 302 AH
  The Kharijites establish themselves in southern Morocco
  The Fatimids raid Egypt
916  
917  
918  
919  
920  
921  
922 : 310 AH
  Mansur al Hallaj Persian mystic is executed for his esoteric views
  Beginning of the Tahirid dynasty in Iraq
923 : 311 AH
  Death of Abu Tabari, noted commentator on the Quran
924  
925 : 313 AH
  Death of Al Razi doctor of medicine
926  
927  
928  
929 : 317 AH
  In response to Fatimid claims to the Caliphate, Abdul Rahman III of Spain assumes the title of Caliph and protector of Sunni Muslims in North Africa
930 : 318 AH
  The Karamatians raid Mecca and carry off the Hijr e Aswad from the Haram to Bahrain
931 : 319 AH
  Abdur Rahman III occupies Ceuta
  The Fatimids capture Algeria
932 : 320 AH
  The Buyids establish their rule in southern Iraq
  Al Qahir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
933 : 321 AH
  The Ishkedids displace the Tulunids in Egypt and rule until 969
934 : 322 AH
  Al Radi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Qaim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
935  
936 : 324 AH
  Death of Al Ashari (874-936), highly influential theologian who reconciled Mutazilite doctrines with orthodox theology. Author of ''occasionalism' in philosophy 
937  
938  
   
939 : 327 AH
  Abdul RAhman III of Spain captures Fraxinetum, Valais,Geneva, Toulon and Great St. Bernard
940 : 328 AH
  Extensive postal services are established by the Abbasids
  Al Muttaqi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
 

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941  
942  
943  
944  
945 : 333 AH
  The Buyids temporarily capture Baghdad
946 : 334 AH
  Al Mutee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Mansur becomes the Fatimid Caliph
947  
948  
949  
   
950 : 338 AH
  Death of Al Farabi , noted scientist, philosopher, jurist,author of treatises on ethics, music and logic, Sufi Shaykh
951 : 340 AH
  The Ikhwan as Safa in Iraq compile an Ecyclopedia of Knowledge
952  
953 : 342 AH
  Al Muiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in North Africa
954  
955 : 344 AH
  Sharp naval engagements between the navies of Al Muiz and Abdul Rahman III off the coast of Spain
956  
957 : 346 AH
  Al Masudi, the historian, passes away
958  
959  
960  
   
961 : 350 AH
  Death of Abdul Rahman III
  The Oghuz family of Turks in Central Asia accepts Islam
962 : 351 AH
  The Seljuk, Alaptagin, establishes a kingdom in Ghazna Afghanistan
963  
964  
965  
966  
967  
968 : 357 AH
  The Umayyads establish a university in Cordoba
969 : 358 AH
  The Fatimids conquer Egypt and establish the city of Cairo
970 : 359 AH
  The Fatimids capture Syria, Mecca and Madina and lay claim to the leadership of the Islamic world. Fatimid rule in Multan ( modern Pakistan ). Brisk trade between Alexandria, Egypt and Venice, Italy
971 : 360 AH 
  The Fatimids establish Al-Azhar University in Cairo
972  
973  
   
974 : 363 AH
  Al Ta'ee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
975 : 364 AH
  Death of Al Muiz, Fatimid Caliph of Egypt. Al Aziz becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Muslim astronomers publish manuscripts showing constellations of stars
976  
977  
978  
979  
980  
981  
982  
983  
984  
985  
986  
987  
988 : 378 AH
  Count Vladimir of Kiev embraces Eastern Orthodox Christianity
989  
990  
991 : 381 AH
  Al Qadir becomes the Abbasid Caliph
992  
993  
994  
995  
996 : 386 AH
  Al Hakim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Pope Pious XI declares the Crusades against Muslim
997 : 387 AH
  Mahmud succeeds Alaptagin in Ghazna and dominates Central Asia
 

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998  
999 : 389 AH
 

Large scale Turkish migrations into Central Asia.

 

Kara Khani Turks occupy Bukhara.

 

Mahmud of Ghazna annexes Khorasan.

 

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1000 : 390 AH
 

Mahmud makes the first of seventeen raids into India.

 

The Chinese use gunpowder to propel arrows.

1001 : 391 AH
 

Mahmud starts campaigns to capture Peshawar, Bhera, Nagarkot, Tarain, Thaneshwar and Kanauj in India.

1002  
1003  
1004 : 394 AH
 

Mahmud defeats Dawud, Fatimid ruler of Multan.

1005  
1006  
1007  
1008  
1009  
1010  
1011  
1012  
1013  
1014  
1015  
1016 : 407 AH
 

The Christians reclaim Sardinia.

1017 : 408 AH
 

Beginning of the Druze sect in Lebanon.

1018  
1019  
1020 : 411 AH
 

Death of Firdowsi of Persia, author of Shah Nama.

 

Mahmud establishes Lahore as the capital of Punjab.

 

Death of Fatimid Caliph al Hakim who had claimed divinity.

1021 : 412 AH
 

Al Zahir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1022  
1023  
1024 : 415 AH
 

Mahmud raids temple of Somanath in Gujrat, India.

1025 : 416 AH
 

Al Baruni publishes Kitab ul Hind, a penetrating study of the people of India.

1026  
1027  
1028  
1029  
1030 : 421 AH
 

Death of Mahmud of Ghazna.
Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista.

 

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1031 : 422 AH
 

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba disintegrates. Spain breaks up into petty emirates. The Christian kingdoms of Castille, Leon and Portugal position themselves to attack the Muslim territories.

 

Al Qaim becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1032 : 423 AH
 

The Church of Constantinople breaks with the Church of Rome over the issue of icons in the Church.

1033  
1034  
1035  
1036 : 427 AH
 

Taghril Beg becomes Seljuk Sultan.

 

Al Mustansir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1037 : 428 AH
 

Death of Abu Ali ibn Sina, one of the greatest of physicians.

 

Ferdinand I, king of Castille, captures Leon.

1038 : 429 AH
 

Death of Al Hazen, noted physicist.

1039  
1040  
1041  
   
1042  
   
1043 : 434 AH
 

The Fatimid Empire begins to crumble. Mecca, Madina, Yemen and North Africa are lost by the Fatimids.

1044  
1045  
1046  
1047  
1048 : 440 AH
 

Death of al Bairuni, historian, author of Kitab ul Hind.

1049  
1050 : 442 AH
 

The Christians advance in Sicily.

1051 : 443 AH
 

Beginning of the Murabitun revolution in West Africa.

1052  
1053  
1054  
1055  
   
1056 : 448 AH
 

The Seljuk Taghril Beg and the Buyid Basisiri contest the control of Baghdad.

1057  
1058 : 450 AH
 

Taghril Beg is anointed by Abbasid Caliph Kaim as “sultan of the east and the west” for his role in protecting the Abbasid Caliphate.

1059  
1060 : 452 AH
 

The Seljuk Turks advance into Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

 

The Crusaders raid the coast of North Africa.

 

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1061 : 453 AH
 

The Murabitun capture Morocco.

 

The Murabitun establish the city of Marrakesh as their capital.

1062  
1063 : 455 AH
 

Taghril Beg dies childless. His nephew Alap Arsalan becomes the Seljuk sultan.

1064  
1065  
1066  
1067  
1068 : 460 AH
 

Beginning of the Songhay Empire in West Africa.

1069  
1070  
1071  
1072 : 464 AH
 

Battle of Manzikert. The Seljuk Turks under Alap Arsalan defeat the Byzantines under Emperor Romanus and open up Anatolia for Turkish settlement.

 

The Christians capture Palermo in Sicily.

1073  
1074  
1075 : 467 AH
 

The Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah retakes Syria from the Fatimids.

 

Al Muqtadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph.

1076  
1077 : 469 AH
 

Birth of Abdul Qader Jeelani, celebrated Sufi sage.

1078  
1079  
1080  
1081  
1082  
1083  
1084  
1085 : 478 AH
 

Alfonso I of Castile captures Toledo, the ancient capital of Visigoth Spain. The extensive libraries of Toledo become accessible to Christian Europe.

1086 : 479 AH
 

The Murabitun emir, Yusuf bin Tashfin, advances into Spain at the head of a powerful African force.

 

The Nizamiya College is founded in Baghdad by Nizam ul Mulk, grand vizier to Sultan Malik Shah.

 

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1087 : 480 AH
 

Yusuf bin Tashfin defeats Alfonso VI at the Battle of Sagrajas.

 

The Crusaders sack Mahdiya in North Africa.

 

The assassin terror grows in Iraq and Syria.

1088  
1089  
1090 : 483 AH
 

Al Ghazzali teaches at NizamiyaCollege, Baghdad.

 

The Crusaders capture Malta.

 

The assassins capture Alamut in northern Syria and establish a training center for fidayees.

1091 : 484 AH
 

End of Muslim presence in Sicily.

 

Smyrna in Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

 

Death of Sultan Malik Shah.

 

The assassins murder grand vizier Nizam ul Mulk.

1092  
1093  
1094 : 487 AH
 

Al Mustansir becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

 

Al Mustadi becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.

1095 : 488 AH
 

Pope Urban II declares a Crusade to take Jerusalem.

 

Al Afdal, grand vizier of Fatimid Egypt, recaptures Jerusalem from Turkish emir Duqaq of Damascus.

1096 : 489 AH
 

The start of the First Crusade.

1097 : 490 AH
 

Konya Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

  The Turks retreat before the advancing Crusaders.
  The Fatimids in Egypt start negotiations with the Crusaders to divide up Seljuk territories.
1098 : 491 AH
 

The Crusaders capture Antioch.

1099 : 492 AH
 

Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. The Muslims and the Jews are massacred. Baldwin becomes king of Jerusalem.

 

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1100 : 493 AH
 

Al Ghazzali writes a powerful diatribe, Tahaffuz al Falsafa, against speculative philosophy. In Ihya al Uloom, he accords tasawwuf an honored position in the Islamic sciences.

1101  
1102  
1103  
1104  
1105  
1106 : 499 AH
 

Death of Yusuf bin Tashfin, emir of the Murabitun.

1107  
1108  
1109  
1110  
1111 : 504 AH
 

Abu Hamid al Ghazzali dies after transforming the intellectual landscape of the Islamic world.

1112  
1113 : 507 AH
 

Maudud, a Seljuk officer from Mosul, defeats King Baldwin of Jerusalem.

1114  
1115  
1116  
1117  
1118 : 512 AH
 

Al Mustarshid, Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1119  
1120  
1121  
1122  
1123 : 517 AH
 

Death of Omar al Khayyam, mathematician, mystic.

1124 : 518 AH
 

Death of Hassan al Sabbah, leader of the Assassins.

1125  
1126 : 520 AH
 

Archbishop Raymond establishes a school in Toledo to translate Arabic books into Latin.

1127 : 521 AH
 

The Assassins murder Turkish officer Maudud.

1128  
1129  
1130 : 524 AH
 

Death of ibn Tumart, leader of the Al Muhaddithin.

1131  
1132 : 526 AH
 

Roger II of Sicily invites Muslim scholars to work at his court.

 

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1133  
1134  
1135  
1136  
1137  
1138  
1139 :533 AH
 

Birth of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti, Sufi sage.

1140  
1141 : 535 AH
 

The Kara Kitai Turkomans defeat the Seljuks at Amu Darya.

1142  
1143  
1144 : 538 AH
  The Seljuks, under Zengi, recapture Edessa.
  Pope Eugene declares the Second Crusade.
1145 : 539 AH
  The Second Crusade collapses in Anatolia but succeeds in capturing Lisbon in Portugal.
  End of the Murabitun rule in Andalus.
1146 : 541 AH
  The al Muhaddithin captures Morocco.
  The assassins murder Seljuk Emir Zengi.
1147  
1148  
1149 : 544 AH
 

Al Zafir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1150 : 545 AH
 

The University of Paris is established.

1151 : 546 AH
 

Al Idrisi constructs a map of the then known world.

1152  
1153  
1154 : 549 AH
  The Kurdish officer Nuruddin, in Seljuk service, takes Damascus.
  Al Faiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.
1155  
1156  
1157 : 552 AH
 

The al Muhaddithin captures Andalus.

1158  
1159  
1160 : 555 AH
  Al Mustanjid becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
  Al Adid, the last of the Fatimids, becomes the Caliph in Cairo.
1161  
1162  
1163 : 558 AH
 

The Seljuks and the Crusaders compete for influence in Fatimid Egypt.

1164  
1165  
1166 : 561 AH
  Death of Shaykh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad, called Shaykh ul Mashaiq, founder of the Qadariya Sufi order.
  Death of the geographer, al Idrisi.
1167 : 562 AH
  Establishment of Oxford University in England.
 

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1168  
1169  
1170 : 565 AH
  Salahuddin takes Egypt from the Fatimids.
  Al Mustadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1171 : 566 AH
  End of the Fatimid era. Egypt reverts to the Abbasid Caliphate.
1172  
1173 : 568 AH
  Ghiasuddin Ghori established the kingdom of Ghor in Afghanistan.
1174  
1175 : 570 AH
  Salahuddin consolidates his hold on Syria and Egypt.
  Death of Ahmed al Rifai, founder of the Rifaiyah Sufi brotherhood.
1176  
1177 : 572 AH
  Muhammed Ghori adds Multan, Uch, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh to his dominions.
1178  
1179 : 575 AH
  Muhammed Ghori starts campaigns to capture Peshawar and Sialkot.
1180  
1181  
1182 : 578 AH
  Khwaja Muhammed Ghouse of Sindh introduces the Qadariya order into India and Pakistan.
1183  
1184  
1185  
1186  
1187 : 583 AH
  Battle of Hittin. Salahuddin triumphs and recaptures Jerusalem.
  Muhammed Ghori captures Lahore.
1188 : 584 AH
  Pope Clement III launches the Third Crusade.
1189 : 585 AH
  Khwaja Moeenuddin Chisti moves to Ajmer, India and establishes the Chistiya order.
1190 : 586 AH
  King Richard of England proposes a marriage between his sister and Saifuddin, brother of Salahuddin and for the two together to rule Jerusalem. The proposal is opposed by the Crusaders and is abandoned.
1191 : 587 AH
  Accra surrenders to the Crusaders after a long siege.
  Mohammed Ghori suffers a defeat at the Battle of Tarain and is forced to withdraw towards Kabul.
1192 : 588 AH
  Muhammed Ghori, victorious over the Rajputs, captures Delhi. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi is slain.
1193 : 589 AH
 

Salahuddin passes away and is buried in Damascus.

1194  
1195  
1196 : 592 AH
  The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos.
1197  
1198 : 594 AH
  Death of ibn Rushd, of the great world philosophers.
1199 : 595 AH
  Pope Innocent III declares the Fourth Crusade.
 

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1200 : 596 AH 
  Islam takes roots in Indonesia.
  Alauddin Muhammed becomes the Shah of Khwarazm.
  The Crusaders capture Valencia.
  Cambridge University is established in England.
1201 : 597 AH
  The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.
1202 : 598 AH
  The Delhi Sultanate is established.
1203 : 599 AH
  Death of Nizami, well known Farsi poet.
1204 : 600 AH
  The Crusaders, led by Dondolo of Venice, sack Constantinople and loot its treasures.
  Johan Shah, ruler of Sumatra, accepts Islam.
1205 : 601 AH
  The Turkoman Kara Kitai defeats Mohammed Ghori.
  The Ghorids put down a rebellion in the Punjab.
1206 : 602 AH
  Genghiz Khan becomes the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes.
  The assassins murder Muhammed Ghori.
  The Delhi sultans advance towards Bengal.
1207  
1208  
1209  
1210  
1211 : 608 AH
  Altumish ascends the throne of Delhi.
1212 : 609 AH
  The Crusaders defeat the al Muhaddith at the Battle of Las Novas de Tolosa.
1213  
1214  
1215 : 612 AH
  Genghiz Khan captures northern China; learns the use of gunpowder from the Chinese.
1216  
1217  
1218 : 615 AH
  The Fifth Crusade is directed against Egypt. The Egyptians open the Nile docks and drown the invaders.
1219 : 616 AH
  Genghiz Khan invades the territories of Shah Muhammed of Khorasan.
1220 : 617 AH
  Genghiz Khan devastates Central Asia.
1221 : 618 AH
  Genghiz Khan destroys Persia and Afghanistan.
  Prince Jalaluddin faces the Khan at the Battle of the Indus.
1222 : 619 AH
  Genghiz Khan returns to Mongolia.
1223 : 620 AH
  Ibn al Athir, celebrated historian, passes away.
 

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1224  
1225  
1226  
1227 : 624 AH
  Death of Genghiz Khan. The Mongols continue their advance through West Asia and Eastern Europe.
1228 : 625 AH
  The Sixth Crusade, directed at Egypt and led by Emperor Frederick II of Germany fails.
1229  
1230 : 627 AH
  Sundiata starts consolidation of the Empire of Mali.
1231  
1232  
1233  
1234  
1235 : 632 AH
  Baba Fareed of Lahore becomes heads of the Chistiya order in India.
1236 : 633 AH
  Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, falls to the Crusaders.
  Razia rules as Queen of India.
  Death of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, the most celebrated awliya of the subcontinent.
  Al Mustansir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad.
1237  
1238  
1239  
   
1240 : 637 AH
  Death of ibn al Arabi, renowned Sufi Shaykh.
  Roger Bacon teaches in England.
1241  
1242 : 639 AH
  Al Musta’sim becomes the 37th and the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1243  
1244  
1245 : 643 AH
  At the Council of Lyons, Christian Europe resolves to seek an alliance with the Mongols against the Muslims. A Franciscan priest, John de Plano Carpini, arrives at the Mongol court to seek military assistance.
1246  
1247  
1248 : 646 AH
  Seville in Spain falls to the Christians.
  Ibn Ahmar starts the Nasirid dynasty in Granada.
1249 : 647 AH
  The Seventh Crusade, directed at Egypt by the Franks, is beaten back.
1250 : 648 AH
  Shajarat al Durr rules as Queen of Egypt.
1251 : 649 AH
  Hulagu Khan becomes the Mongol lord of Persia and Central Asia.
1252  
1253  
1254  
1255  
1256 : 654 AH
  Hulagu Khan destroys the Assassins.
1257 : 655 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, celebrated Farsi poet.
  Nizamuddin Awliya becomes head of the Chishtiya order in Delhi. Islam spreads in India.
1258 : 656 AH
  Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad. End of the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The curtain falls on the classic Islamic civilization. Caliph al Musta’sim is killed.
  Death of Ali al Shadhuli, founder of the Shadhuli Sufi order.
1259  
1260 : 658 AH
  Kublai Khan ascends the throne of China. Many capable Muslims work at the court of the Great Khan.
  Hulagu Khan storms Aleppo and massacres its inhabitants.
1261 : 659 AH
  The Mamlukes of Egypt install Al Mustansir as the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo.
  The Mamluke, Zahir Baybars of Egypt, defeats a combined army of Mongols, Armenians and Crusaders at the Battle of Ayn Jalut.
 

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1262  
1263  
1264  
1265 : 663 AH
  Death of Hulagu Khan.
1266  
1267  
1268  
1269 : 667 AH
  The Merinide al Yakub captures Marrakesh.
1270  
1271  
1272  
1273 : 671 AH
  Death of Jalaluddin Rumi, author of Mathnavi, the most celebrated of Farsi poets and founder of the Maulavi Sufi order.
1274 : 672 AH
  Death of al Tusi, astronomer and inventor of the 2-axis gimbal.
  Emir al Yaqub of the Merinides defeats the Christians at the Battle of Ecija.
1275  
1276  
1277 : 676 AH
  Sultan Baybars defeats the Mongol armies at the Battle of Abulistan.
1278 : 677 AH
  Death of Sultan Baybars.
1279  
1280  
1281  
1282  
1283  
1284  
1285  
1286  
1287  
1288  
1289 : 688 AH
  The Mamlukes captures Acre, last Crusader stronghold in Syria.
1290 : 689 AH
  Sultan Malik Shah rules in Sumatra.
1291 : 690 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, well known Farsi poet.
1292  
1293  
1294 : 693 AH
  Marco Polo returns to Italy from journey to the East.
1295 : 694 AH
  Ghazan the Great, the Il Khan Emperor, accepts Islam.
 

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1296  
1297  
1298  
1299  
   
1300 : 699 AH
  Alauddin Khilji consolidates his empire over the subcontinent. Malik Kafur advances into southern India.
1301 : 700 AH
  Uthman Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman Empire, consolidates his holdings around Burs and Eskishehir; he defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yalakova.
  The Mamlukes triumph over the Il Khans at the Battle of Marj as Suffar.
1302  
1303  
1304  
1305  
1306  
1307 : 706 AH
  Mansa Musa becomes emperor of Mali.
1308  
1309  
1310  
1311  
1312  
1313  
1314  
1315  
1316 : 716 AH
  Death of Alauddin Khilji, emperor of India.
1317  
1318  
1319  
1320 : 720 AH
  The Khilji dynasty in India collapses.
  Beginning of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1321  
1322  
1323  
1324 : 724 AH
  Mansa Musa performs his hajj with an entourage of 12000.
1325 : 725 AH
  Death of Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi.
  Ibn Batuta begins his journey around the world.
  Death of Amir Khusroe ,famed Sufi poet of India
1326 : 726 AH
  Death of Uthman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. His successor Sultan Orkhan captures Bursa.
  Death of ibn Taymiyah, noted scholar, considered to be the founder of the “salafi” school of thought.
1327  
1328  
1329  
1330  
1331  
1332  
1333 : 733 AH
  Yusuf I becomes emir of Granada, breaks with Castille, forms an alliance with the sultan of Morocco and makes a last attempt to capture Spain from the Christians.
1334 : 734 AH
  Ibn Batuta arrives in Delhi.
  Death of Shaykh Safiuddin Ishaq, after whom the Safavid dynasty of Persia is named.
1335 : 735 AH
  Death of Abu Said, Il Khanid Prince.
1336  
1337  
1338  
1339  
   
1340 : 740 AH
  The Yuan Emperor Toghon Timur of China sends an embassy to the court of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India.
  The Merinide navy defeats the Spaniards at the Battle of Tarifa.
 

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1341 : 742 AH
  Death of Sultan ibn Qalawun of Egypt.
1342  
1343  
1344  
   
1345 : 746 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits Sultan Malik al Zahir of Pasai Indonesia.
1346 : 747 AH
  The Black Plague devastates Europe.
1347  
1348  
1349  
1350  
   
1351 : 752 AH
  Death of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India. The Tughlaq Empire begins to disintegrate.
1352  
1353  
   
1354 : 755 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits the Empire of Mali.
  The Ottomans capture Gallipoli and Ankara.
1355 : 756 AH
  Ibn Batuta returns to Tangier. The Merinide Sultan Abu Inan authorizes the writing of the Rehla of Ibn Batuta.
  The Genoese briefly occupy Tripoli, Libya.
1356  
1357 : 758 AH
  The Ottomans capture Erdirne.
1358  
1359  
1360  
1361  
1362  
1363  
1364  
1365  
1366  
1367  
1368 : 769 AH
  Timurlane, elected the leader of the Tatars, consolidates his hold on the valley of Farghana in Uzbekistan.
1369 : 770 AH
  Death of ibn Batuta.
1370  
1371  
1372  
1373  
1374  
1375 : 777 AH
  Dimitrius, Count of Moscow, wins a victory over the Tatar Golden Horde.
1376 : 778 AH
  The Golden Horde burns down Moscow.
1377  
1378  
1379  
   
1380 : 782 AH
  Timurlane begins his first campaign in Persia.
  Shaykh Awliya Karim al Maqdum introduces Islam into Mindanao, the Philippines.
  Kara Muhammed, leader of the Turkish tribe Kara Kuyunlu, establishes his kingdom near Mosul.
1381 : 783 AH
  The Ottomans capture Bulgaria.
1382  
1383  
1384  
1385 : 787 AH
  The Ottomans capture Thrace.
1386  
1387 : 789 AH
  Timurlane invades Russia and destroys the power of the Golden Horde. Russia begins its long march towards political consolidation.
1388  
1389 : 791 AH
  Bayazid I becomes the Ottoman sultan, defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosova.
  Death of Hafiz, one of the greatest of Farsi poets.
  Death of Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tareeqa of Bukhara.
1390 : 792 AH
  A combined French and Genoese force attacks Mahdiya, Tunisia.
1391 : 793 AH
  Bayazid I attacks Constantinople.
 

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1392  
1393  
1394  
1395  
1396 : 798 AH
  Bayazid defeats the Crusader armies at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1397  
1398 : 800 AH
  Timur sacks Isfahan, Persia.
1399 : 801 AH
  Timur invades India, sacks Delhi, India.
  Castille sacks Tetuan, Morocco.
 

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1400 : 802 AH
  Bayazid I lays siege to Constantinople.
1401 : 803 AH
  Timur defeats the Mamlukes of Egypt.
  Damascus surrenders to the Tatars.
  Timur sacks Baghdad.
1402 : 804 AH
  Timur defeats Bayazid I at the Battle of Ankara.
  Sulaiman I becomes the Ottoman sultan. 
  Sultan Iskander Shah expels the Thais from Malaya.
1403  
1404 : 806 AH
  Timur embarks on an expedition to China.
1405 : 807 AH
  Timurlane dies en route to China; his son Shah Rukh succeeds him. 
1406 : 809 AH
  Sultan Sikander Shah of Malaysia accepts Islam.
  The great Chinese Admiral Zheng Yi (commonly known as Admiral Ho), a Muslim, sails to Malaya, Indonesia, India, Persia, Yemen, East Africa and the Cape of Good Hope with a fleet of 50 great ships.
  Death of ibn Khaldun, author of Muqaddamah.
1407  
1408  
1409 : 812 AH
  Shah Rukh, heir to Timurlane, occupies Samarqand.
1410 : 813 AH
  Kara Yusuf establishes the Kara Kuyunlu kingdom around Tabriz, Persia.
  Death of Gaysu Daraz, Sufi shaykh of the Deccan, India.
1411 : 814 AH
  Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya visits China at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor.
  Prince Mehmet begins the reconsolidation of the Ottoman Empire after the disastrous defeat in the Battle of Ankara.
1412  
1413  
1414  
1415 : 818 AH
  The Portuguese capture Ceuta in Morocco.
1416  
1417  
1418  
1419  
1420 : 823 AH
  Shah Rukh consolidates his hold on Persia.
1421 : 824 AH
  Murad II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1422 : 825 AH
  Murad II lays unsuccessful siege to Constantinople.
1423  
1424 : 827 AH
  Death of Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya.
1425 : 828 AH
  Tangier in Morocco, captured by the Portuguese.
1426  
1427  
1428  
1429  
1430 : 833 AH
  The Portuguese acquire the technology to sail against the wind from the Venetians.
1431  
1432 : 835 AH
  Portuguese captain Diaz sails around Cape Bajador in West Africa.
1433  
1434 : 837 AH 
  Death of Shah Rukh. Persia disintegrates. The Kara Kuyunlu and Aq Kuyunlu expand their territories.
 

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1435  
1436  
1437  
1438  
1439  
1440  
   
1441 : 845 AH
  First slave raid by the Portuguese in southern Morocco directed against Muslims.
1442  
1443 : 847 AH
  The Portuguese capture the island of Tristao off the coast of West Africa, later to gain notoriety in the Atlantic slave trade.
1444 : 848 AH
  Ottomans armies march into Hungary.
  Murad II defeats combined armies of Hungary, Wallachia and Venice at the Battle of Varna.
  The Portuguese Lagos Company chartered under Prince Henry.
1445 : 849 AH
  Printing is introduced into Europe. Portuguese sailor Diaz sails around West Africa.
1446  
1447  
1448  
1449  
1450  
1451 : 855 AH
  Mehmet II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Shaykh Rahmat converts the Majapahit ruler (Indonesia) Raja Kertawijaya to Islam.
  Islam spreads rapidly in Java.
1452  
1453 : 857 AH
  Mehmet II conquerors Constantinople, renames it Istanbul and makes it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1454  
1455 : 859 AH
  The Venetians sail to the delta of the Gambia River.
1456 : 860 AH
  Mehmet II captures Athens, Greece.
  The Portuguese arrive at the mouth of the Gambia River.
1457  
1458 : 862 AH
  The Portuguese occupy the fortress of al Qasr, Morocco.
1459  
1460 : 864 AH
  King Alfonso of Portugal authorizes Fernao Gomes to explore the western coast of Africa.
1461 : 865 AH
  Leonardo da Vinci begins his work in Venice.
1462  
1463 : 867 AH
  Mehmet II conquers Bosnia. Mosque of Sultan Mehmet II constructed in Istanbul.
1464  
1465 : 869 AH
  Death of al Jazuli, Sufi Shaykh in Morocco.
1466  
1467 : 871 AH
  Herzegovina conquered by Mehmet II.
  Uzun Hassan, leader of Aq Quyunlu defeats Jehan Shah, leader of the Kara Quyunlu. Jehan Shah dies in battle.
1468  
1469  
1470  
1471 : 876 AH
  Tangiers occupied by Portugal.
  Portugal occupies Arzila on the West coast of Morocco.
1472  
1473 : 878 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II defeats the Aq Kuyunlu Sultan Uzun Hassan. Portuguese captain Sequira sails to Benin, Nigeria.
1474 : 879 AH
  Commercial town of Kedah, in Indonesia, becomes Muslim.
1475 : 880 AH
  War between Spain and Portugal over rights to the Canary Islands.
1476  
1477  
   
1478 : 883 AH
  Kara Quli, a descendant of Jehan Shah, flees to India and establishes the Qutubshahi dynasty near Hyderabad.
  Death of Uzun Hassan, Aq Quyunlu Sultan.
  Turmoil in western Persia.
1479 : 884 AH
  Consolidation of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella.
1480 : 885 AH
  The Ottomans capture the island of Rhodes.
1481 : 886 AH
  Bayazid II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
 

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1482 : 887 AH
  Ferdinand of Spain attacks al Hama.
1483 : 888 AH
  Civil wars in Granada.
  Ferdinand captures Malaga, Spain.
1484 : 889 AH
  The Portuguese appear at the delta of the Congo River.
1485  
1486  
1487 : 892 AH
  Portuguese sailor Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
1488 : 893 AH
  Malaga, one of the last Nasirid strongholds, falls to Castille.
1489 : 894 AH
  Adil Shah becomes Sultan of Bijapur, India
1490 : 895 AH
  Ferdinand lays siege to Granada, called Santa Fe (Holy Faith).
1491  
1492 : 897 AH
  Columbus discovers America.
  Granada falls to the Christians.
  Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
  The Jews are expelled from Spain.
  Sultan Bayazid II takes Hungary.
  Lodhi Sultanate established in Delhi.
  Death of Abdur Rahman Jami, well known Farsi poet.
1493 : 898 AH
  Abu Abdallah, commonly known as Boabdil, last emir of Granada, leaves Spain.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes Emperor of Songhay.
1494 : 899 AH
  At the Treaty of Tordesillas arranged by Pope Alexander VI, Portugal and Spain agree to divide up the world for conquest.
1495 : 900 AH
  Shaykh Putah introduces Islam into the Celebes islands and western New Guinea.
1496 : 901 AH
  Vasco da Gama, sails around the Cape of Good Hope and with the help of Muslim navigator Ahmed ibn Majid, discovers route to Malabar, India.
1497 : 902 AH
  Zahiruddin Babur loses Samarqand.
  Askiya Muhammed moves the capital of Songhay to Gao on the Niger River.
1498  
1499 : 904 AH
  Ottoman navy defeats the Venetians, takes Lepanto, off the coast of Greece.
1500 : 905 AH
  Muslims in Granada resist the Spanish Inquisition.
  Spain institutes forced slavery in Cuba.
1501 : 906 AH
  Shah Ismail I, with the help of the Safaviyya Sufi order, establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
  The Uzbek Shaibani Khan evicts Zahiruddin Babur from Samarqand.
1502 : 907 AH
  Second voyage of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. The Portuguese bombard the city-states of East Africa, destroy the port city of Cochin, India and force the Raja of Cochin to expel Muslim traders.
  The Portuguese capture Shofala, East Africa.
  Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  Inquisition against the Muslims in Spain.
 

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1503  
1504 : 910 AH
  Babur takes Kabul, Afghanistan.
  Death of al Maghili, influential thinker from North Africa.
1505 : 911 AH
  Spain occupies Mars al Kabir, Algeria.
  The Portuguese occupy Agadir Morocco and build the fort of Santa Cruz.
  Portuguese captain Almeida raids Kilwa, Tanzania.
1506  
1507 : 913 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Safi, Morocco.
  The Portuguese occupy Bab el Mandap at the entrance to the Red Sea.
1508 : 914 AH
  A Mamluke fleet defeats the Portuguese off the coast of Chaul near modern Karachi.
  Spain occupies Oran, Algeria.
1509 : 915 AH
  The Mamlukes defeat the Portuguese navy off the coast of Yemen.
  Shah Ismail I defeats the Uzbek Shaibani Khan at the Battle of Merv.
  Spain occupies Bogie, Tunisia.
  The first batch of slaves bought in Lisbon for transportation to America.
1510  
1511 : 917 AH
  The Portuguese take Goa, India, and make it the capital of their operations in the Indian Ocean.
  The Inquisition is instituted against Hindus and Muslim in India.
  Spain destroys Tripoli, Libya.
  The Ottomans crush a Qazilbash uprising in eastern Anatolia at the Battle of Sivas.
1512 : 918 AH
  Selim I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Malacca.
  Tlemcen in North Africa becomes a protectorate of Spain.
  The Uzbeks defeat the Safavids at the Battle of Khuzduvan and take Khorasan.
1513  
1514 : 920 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats Shah Ismail I at the Battle of Chaldiran.
1515 : 921 AH
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Hormuz in Persia.
  The Portuguese control the entire Atlantic coastline of Morocco.
  First shipload of sugar from Cuba arrives in Spain.
1516 : 922 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Bahrain and Oman.
  The Ottomans capture Mosul.
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats the Mamlukes at the Battle of Marj Dabik in Syria.
1517 : 923 AH
  Selim I occupies Cairo.
  Egypt becomes a province of the Ottoman Empire.
  The Caliphate moves to Istanbul.
  Selim I becomes the first Ottoman Caliph of Islam.
  Muhammed al Mahdi becomes Sa’adid Sultan of Morocco.
  Martin Luther begins Protestant reformation in Germany.
  The Portuguese capture Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  The King of Spain grants license to import African slaves into America.
  Ibrahim Lodhi becomes Sultan of Delhi.
1518  
1519 : 925 AH
  Death of Leonardo da Vinci.
  Mexican silver flows into Europe.
 

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1520 : 926 AH
  Sulaiman the Magnificent becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1521 : 927 AH
  Sulaiman captures Belgrade.
  Cortez destroys the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
1522 : 928 AH
  Sulaiman captures Rhodes. Spain captures Central America.
1523  
1524  
1525 : 931 AH
  Death of Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  Tahmasp I becomes Safavid ruler of Persia.
  Babur takes Lahore, Pakistan.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent orders a reorganization of the Ottoman fleet to challenge the Spaniards and the Portuguese.
1526 : 932 AH
  Babur captures Delhi; the Moghul dynasty is born. Sulaiman the Magnificent defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Mohacs.
1527 : 933 AH
  Babur defeats Rajput armies at the Battle of Khanua.
1528 : 934 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman captures the city of Buda in Hungary.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes blind and is deposed as the Emperor of Songhay.
1529 : 935 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman lays siege to Vienna, Austria.
1530 : 936 AH
  Death of Zahiruddin Babur. His son Humayun ascends the Moghul throne in Delhi.
  The Englishman William Hawkins raids the Ivory Coast.
1531  
1532  
1533  
1534 : 940 AH
  Khairuddin, admiral of the Ottoman fleets, recaptures Tunis.
  Henry VIII takes the Church of England out of the orbit of Rome.
1535 : 941 AH
  Sulaiman Pasha, Ottoman governor of Egypt, drives the Portuguese from Yemen.
  The English Parliament passes laws against loitering in London.
  John Calvin preaches the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
  Stock Exchange is established in London.
1536 : 943 AH
  Khairuddin raids Valencia, Spain.
1537 : 944 AH
  Khairuddin captures Otranto, Italy and threatens Rome.
1538 : 945 AH
  Khairuddin victorious over combined navies of Venice and the Vatican at the Battle of Prevesa.
1539  
1540 : 947 AH
  Spain colonizes the Philippines.
  Destruction of religious relics in England. Beginning of the end of feudalism in England.
  Sher Shah Suri defeats Moghul Emperor Humayun and displaces him from the throne of Delhi until 1555.
1541 : 948 AH
  Charles V of Spain strikes at the Algerian coast.
  Ottoman Admiral Khairuddin takes Otranto, Italy.
  Muhammed al Saadi drives the Portuguese from the fort of Santa Cruz in Morocco.
 

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1542 : 949 AH
  Increasing tribal warfare in West Africa.
1543  
1544  
1545  
1546 : 953 AH
  Death of Khairuddin. Piri Rais becomes admiral of Ottoman navies.
1547  
1548  
1549  
   
1550 : 957 AH
  Kingdom of Acheh in Indonesia is founded. Islam spreads in the Archipelago.
1551 : 958 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tripoli.
  Piri Rais challenges the Portuguese blockage of the Straits of Hormuz.
1552  
1553 : 960 AH
  Thomas Wyndham of England raids the coast of West Africa.
1554 : 961 AH
  John Lock of England raids the Ivory Coast.
1555  
1556  
1557 : 964 AH
  The Ottomans occupy Masawa, Eritrea.
1558 : 965 AH
  Akbar becomes Moghul Emperor of India.
1559  
1560 : 967 AH
  Akbar adds Malwa, Chitoor, Rathambur, Gujrat and Bengal to the Moghul Empire (1560-1574).
  Abul Fazal and Faizi, well known writers, grace the Moghul court.
  Akbar surrounds himself with the “seven gems”; men of outstanding capabilities, including the musician Tan Sen and the Finance Minister Raja Todar Mal.
1561 : 968 AH
  Piri Rais prepares an accurate map of the Atlantic seaboard.
  The Ottomans destroy a Spanish fleet at the Battle of Djerba.
1562 : 969 AH
  Akbar marries Jodha Bai, princess of Amber, Rajasthan.
1563 : 970 AH
  First English fortifications off the coasts of New Guinea.
1564 : 971 AH
  Spain occupies the Philippines.
1565 : 972 AH
  Battle of Telekote, India. The combined forces of Bijapur, Golkunda, Bidar and Gulbarga defeat the armies of Vijayanagar in southern India.
  Piri Rais undertakes unsuccessful siege of Malta.
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, captures Gujrat.
  John Hawkins of England conducts slave raids on Sierra Leone.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent passes away
 

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1566 : 973 AH
  Muslims in Spain rebel against forced conversion to Catholicism.
1567  
1568  
1569  
1570  
1571 : 979 AH
  Battle of Lepanto. Combined navies of Spain, Venice, Austria and the Vatican defeat the Ottoman navy and occupy Tunis. Ottoman naval advance into the western Mediterranean is halted.
1572 : 980 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tunis.
  The Dutch gain their independence from Spain.
1573 : 981 AH
  The Moghul Emperor Akbar authorizes the construction of four large temples in Mathura.
1574  
1575  
1576 : 984 AH
  The Ottomans advance through Algeria and take the city of Fez in Morocco.
1577  
1578 : 986 AH
  Battle of Al Qasr al Kabir. The Sa’adid Sultan Ahmed al Mansur crushes the Portuguese army. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. Morocco remains independent. Ottoman westward advance is halted.
1579 : 987 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, completes the construction of a new city, Fatehpur Sikri. He starts ecumenical discussions with all religious faiths in the Ibadat Khana.
1580 : 988 AH
  Ottoman Admiral Ali Beg raids Portuguese positions in East Africa.
  Skirmishes between the Empire of Songhay and the Sa’adids of Morocco over the salt mines of Taodini.
  Portugal becomes a protectorate of Spain.
1581 : 989 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, moves to Lahore, and adds Kashmir, Sindh, Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan to his empire.
  Akbar completes the construction of a Jami Masjid in Peshawar.
  Queen Elizabeth I sends Harborne as ambassador to Istanbul to seek trade relations with the Ottomans.
1582  
1583  
1584  
1585 : 993 AH
  War between the Safavids and the Ottomans for control of Iraq and Azerbaijan.
1586  
1587 : 995 AH
  Pope Sixtus V authorizes a Catholic crusade against England.
  The English defeat the Scots. Consolidation of Britain under the English throne.
1588 : 996 AH
  Shah Abbas becomes Safavid emperor of Persia.
  The Spanish armada is destroyed off the coast of England.
  Death of Sinan, architect of Sulaimaniye and Shehzade mosques in Turkey.
1589

 

1590 : 998 AH
  William Shakespeare writes in England.
1591 : 999 AH
  The Bohras emerge as a sub-branch of the Fatimids.
1592 : 1000 AH
  The Sa’adids of Morocco invade the Songhay Empire. A strong force under Judar Pasha destroys Timbaktu.
1593  
1594  
1595  
1596 : 1004 AH
  Akbar captures Ahmednagar in the Deccan, India.
1597  
1598 : 1006 AH
  A second Spanish attempt to conquer England ends in failure.
1599  
1600 : 1008 AH
  Dutch ascendancy in the Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade gathers momentum.
  The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I.
1601  
1602 : 1010 AH
  Shah Abbas drives the Portuguese from Bahrain.
  The Dutch East India Company is formed.
1603 : 1012 AH
  Death of Queen Elizabeth I. 
1604  
1605 : 1014 AH
  Death of Moghul Emperor Akbar.
1606  
1607  
1608  
1609 : 1018 AH
  Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
1610  
1611  
1612  
1613  
1614  
1615 : 1024 AH
  The Dutch capture the Straits of Malacca from the Portuguese.
  Thomas Roe arrives in India as British ambassador to the Moghul court.
  Galileo is tried by the Church for his view that the earth is not the center of the universe.
1616  
1617  
1618  
1619 : 1028 AH
  The Dutch East India Company obtains trading rights on the island of Java.
  Thomas Roe obtains a farman from the Great Moghul Jehangir granting Britain trading rights in India.
 

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1620 : 1029 AH
  Sufi doctrines spread to East Asia.
  The Pilgrims land at Port Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1621  
1622 : 1031 AH
  Shah Abbas I, with the help of the British navy, expels the Portuguese from the Straits of Hormuz. The British obtain trading rights in Persia.
1623 : 1032 AH
  Murad IV becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1624 : 1033 AH
  Death of Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, referred to as Mujaddid alf e Thani (Reformer of the Second Millennium). He expounded the doctrine of Wahdat as Shahada.
1625  
1626 : 1035 AH
  The Dutch establish themselves in New Amsterdam (New York).
1627 : 1036 AH
  Shah Jehan, Moghul Emperor of India.
1628  
1629  
1630 : 1039 AH
  Death of German Astronomer Johann Kepler.
1631  
1632  
1633  
1634  
1635 : 1045 AH
  Death of Mian Pir of Lahore, teacher of Dara Shikoh, son of Shah Jehan.
  Emperor Shah Jehan expels the Portuguese from Bengal.
1636  
1637  
1638 : 1048 AH
  Shah Jehan builds a new capital at Delhi. Construction of the Jami Masjid in Delhi.
1639 : 1049 AH
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Madras.
1640 : 1050 AH
  Armed rivalry between Britain, France and the Dutch for control of the slave trade.
  Portugal gains its independence from Spain.
  The Dutch capture Sri Lanka.
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Calcutta.
 

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1641 : 1051 AH
  Sultana Tajul Alam Safiyyiatuddin rules as Queen of Acheh. She is the first of four queens to rule over the northern part of Sumatra.
  The Dutch capture Cochin on the West coast of India.
1642 : 1052 AH
  The Dutch establish a colony at Masulipatam on the East coast of India.
1643 : 1053 AH
  War between Venice and the Ottomans for control of Crete.
1644  
1645  
1646  
1647  
1648 : 1058 AH
  Shah Jehan completes the Taj Mahal, the most celebrated monument to love, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  The Portuguese recapture Brazil from the Dutch.
1649  
1650  
1651  
1652  
1653  
1654  
1655 : 1065 AH
  The Kurpulu brothers Mehmet Pasha and Fazil Ahmed revitalize the Ottoman administration (1655-1676).
1656  
1657  
1658 : 1068 AH
  Aurangzeb becomes the Moghul Emperor.
1659 : 1069 AH
  End of the Sa’adid dynasty in Morocco.
1660 : 1070 AH
  Isaac Newton revolutionizes physics.
1661  
1662  
1663  
1664 : 1074 AH
  The British seize New Amsterdam, rename it New York.
  The Battle of St. Gotthard between the Ottomans and the European “Holy League” ends in a stalemate.
1665  
1666 : 1076 AH
  The Qur’an is translated into the Malay language.
1667  
1668 : 1079 AH
  King Charles II of England sells Bombay to the East India Company.
1669  
1670  
1671  
1672  
1673  
1674  
1675  
1676 : 1087 AH
  Kara Mustafa Pasha becomes grand vizier in Istanbul.
1677 : 1088 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over access to the Black Sea.
1678  
1679  
1680  
1681  
1682  
1683 : 1094 AH
  The second siege of Vienna ends in failure. The Ottomans lose Hungary.
1684  
1685  
1686 : 1097 AH
  The Hapsburgs advance through Hungary towards Belgrade.
  The British make an attempt to capture the port of Chittagong in India and are beaten back by Moghul forces. 
1687 : 1098 AH
  The Ottomans are defeated at the second Battle of Mohacs.  
1688  
1689  
1690  
1691  
1692  
1693  
1694 : 1105 AH
  The Bank of England advances a perpetual loan of 1.2 million pounds to the British Crown in return for the privilege of putting its own notes into circulation.
1695  
1696 : 1107 AH
  Peter of Russia captures the strategic fortress of Azov from the Ottomans.
  The Sultan of Oman recaptures Fort Jesus of Mombasa from the Portuguese.
1697  
1698  
1699  
1700  
1701  
1702  
1703  
1704  
1705  
1706  
1707 : 1119 AH
  Death of Aurangzeb. The Moghul Empire begins to disintegrate.
 

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1708 : 1120 AH
  The assassination of Guru Gobind Singh sets off Sikh revolts against Moghul rule in India.
1709  
1710  
1711  
1712  
1713 : 1125 AH
  The British displace the Dutch as the most powerful force in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
1714  
1715  
1716  
1717  
1718  
1719  
1720  
1721  
1722 : 1134 AH
  Tahmasp II, last Safavid ruler of Persia ascends the Persian throne.
  Nizam ul Mulk is appointed the Subedar of Hyderabad.
1723  
1724  
1725  
1726  
1727  
1728  
1729  
1730  
1731  
1732  
1733  
1734  
1735  
1736 : 1149 AH
  Nadir Shah becomes Emperor of Persia, displaces the Safavid Tahmasp II.
1737  
1738  
   
1739 : 1152 AH
  Nadir Shah of Persia invades India, sacks Delhi, and carries off the Peacock Throne.
1740 : 1153 AH
  Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab starts his movement in Najd, Arabia.
1741 : 1154 AH
  Ahmed ibn Said becomes Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar and attempts to build a strong navy. 
1742  
1743  
1744  
1745  
1746 : 1159 AH
  Muhammed ibn Saud establishes the Saudi dynasty near Riyadh.
1747  
1748  
1749  
1750  
1751  
1752  
1753  
1754 : 1167 AH
  The French General Dupleix leaves India. France loses the contest for control of Indian trade to the British.
1755  
1756 : 1169 AH
  Anglo-French wars in India and America (1756-63). The British are victorious over the French.
1757 : 1170 AH
  The Battle of Plassey. The British gain control of Bengal, India.
1758 : 1171 AH
  The Industrial Revolution in England gains momentum, fueled by the loot from Bengal.
  The Marathas occupy Lahore; oust Timur, son of Nadir Shah of Kabul.
1759  
1760  
1761 : 1174 AH
  Third Battle of Panipat near Delhi. The Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeat Maratha armies.
1762 : 1175 AH
  Death of Shah Waliullah of Delhi, leading reformer.
1763 : 1176 AH
  The Treaty of Paris. The French give up their interests in India and America.
 

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1764 : 1177 AH
  The British starve the Begums of Oudh, India, to surrender their jewels.
  Battle of Buxor. The British defeat the combined armies of Oudh, Bengal and Delhi.
1765 : 1178 AH
  The British wage a brutal campaign against the Afghans of Rohilla in India.
1766  
1767 : 1181 AH
  The First Mysore War (1767-68). Tippu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali force the British to sue for peace.
1768  
1769  
1770  
1771  
1772 : 1186 AH
  The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1773  
1774  
1775  
1776 : 1190 AH
  The Colonies declare independence in America. The American War of Independence (1776-83) follows.
1777  
1778  
1779  
1780 : 1194 AH
  The Second Mysore War. Tippu Sultan defeats the British at the Battle of Pollipur.
1781 : 1195 AH
  George Washington defeats General Cornwallis at the Battle of Saratoga. Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, retires to England, is hired by the East India Company, and is sent to battle Tippu Sultan of Mysore.
1782  
1783  
1784  
1785  
1786  
   
1787 : 1201 AH
  Death of Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab of Arabia.
1788  
1789 : 1203 AH
  The Third Mysore War (1789-91). Cornwallis forces Tippu Sultan to cede half of his Territory; takes Tippu’s children as hostage.
  Beginning of the French Revolution.
1790  
1791  
1792  
1793 : 1207 AH
  The British Permanent Settlement Act imposes feudal landlords upon Bengal.
1794  
1795  
1796  
1797  
1798 : 1213 AH
  Napoleon lands in Egypt and is victorious at the Battle of the Pyramids.
  The British capture Colombo from the Dutch.
1799 : 1214 AH
  Napoleon corresponds with Tippu Sultan of Mysore and the Sultan of Oman about an invasion of India.
  Tippu Sultan falls at the Battle of Srirangapatam.
  Napoleon is defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar and is forced to withdraw from Egypt.
1800  
1801 : 1216 AH
  The Wahhabis raid Karbala. Wahhabi movement spreads to Iraq. The Wahhabis raid the Hejaz.
1802  
1803 : 1218 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Ottoman governor of Egypt; starts a long series of reforms.
  The Marathas in Poona, India, sue for peace with the British.
  Denmark abolishes the slave trade.
  Emir Abdul Aziz of Najd captures Mecca.
1804  
1805 : 1220 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Pasha of Egypt.
1806 : 1221 AH
  British armies enter Delhi.
 

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1807 : 1222 AH
  Uthman dan Fuduye establishes the Sokoto Caliphate.
  Muhammed Ali Pasha beats back a British attempt to seize Alexandria, Egypt.
1808 : 1223 AH
  The United States abolishes the slave trade.
1809  
1810  
1811  
   
1812 : 1227 AH
  Muhammed Ali of Egypt recaptures Mecca and Hejaz from the Wahhabis (1812-15).
1813  
1814  
1815  
1816  
1817 : 1232 AH
  Death of Uthman dan Fuduye, mujahid in West Africa.
  Muhammed Bello becomes Caliph of the Sokoto Empire.
1818 : 1233 AH
  Holland abolishes the slave trade.
1819  
1820  
1821 : 1236 AH
  Greek war against the Ottomans.
1822  
1823  
1824  
1825  
1826  
1827 : 1242 AH
  Naval Battle of Navarino pits European axis against the Ottomans.
  Shaykh Ahmed Lobo establishes the kingdom of Lobo in West Africa.
1828 : 1243 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over control of the Black Sea. Russia advances into Anatolia.
1829  
1830 : 1246 AH
  Greece breaks off from the Ottoman Empire.
  France occupies Algiers.
1831  
1832  
1833  
1834 : 1250 AH
  Beginning of Muslim resistance to the Russians in Daghestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.
1835 : 1251 AH
  The Ottomans defeat the French at Malta.
  The British replace Persian with English in the higher courts in India.
1836  
1837 : 1253 AH
  Sanusiya Sufi brotherhood is founded in North Africa.
1838 : 1254 AH
  British invasion of Afghanistan ends in failure.
1839 : 1255 AH
  Abdul Mecit I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Beginning of Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire.
1840 : 1256 AH
  France starts colonization of Algeria.
1841  
1842  
1843  
1844  
1845  
1846 : 1262 AH
  The Bank Act of 1846 in England confers legal recognition on the negotiability of credit documents.
1847  
1848 : 1264 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah ascends the throne of Persia.
1849  
1850 : 1266 AH
  The Bahai schism starts in Persia.
1851 : 1267 AH
  The British build a railroad linking Alexandria with Suez (1851-54).
1852  
1853 : 1269 AH
  The Tijaniya Sufi brotherhood is established in West Africa.
  Beginning of the Crimean War. Britain and France support the Ottomans against Russia.
 

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1854 : 1270 AH
  Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt grants a concession to French Engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps to build the Suez Canal. Egypt borrows funds from international bankers to complete the canal.
  The Ottomans take their first loan from international bankers.
1855  
1856 : 1272 AH
  End of the Crimean war between Russia and the Ottomans.
1857 : 1273 AH
  The Sepoy Uprising in India. After initial successes, the Uprising is crushed by the British. End of Moghul rule. The British exile the last Moghul Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon, Burma.
1858 : 1274 AH
  The Russians capture Imam Shamil, Naqshbandi Imam in Daghestan. End of Muslim resistance in Chechnya and Daghestan.
1859 : 1275 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Sanusi, Reformer, Sufi Shaykh of Libya.
1860 : 1276 AH
  Alhajj Omar resists French colonization in Sene-Gambia.
1861 : 1277 AH
  American Civil War (1861-65). The price of Egyptian cotton soars in world markets.
1862  
1863 : 1280 AH
  Abraham Lincoln proclaims the abolition of slavery.
1864  
1865  
1866  
1867  
1868  
1869 : 1286 AH
  The Suez Canal opens with much fanfare.
  The price of Egyptian cotton drops precipitously. Egyptian public debt mounts.
  Tunisia falters on debt payments to European bankers. The International Debt Commission for Tunisia assumes control over Tunisian finances.
1870  
1871 : 1288 AH
  A unified Germany emerges as the most powerful continental power in Europe.
1872  
1873 : 1290 AH
  The Dutch capture the Kingdom of Acheh in Sumatra. Beginning of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.
1874 : 1291 AH
  Syed Ahmed Khan founds the Aligarh College in India.
1875 : 1292 AH
  Egypt sells off its share in the Suez Canal Company to the British to partially offset its debts.
1876 : 1293 AH
  Abdul Hamid II becomes the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph. He starts consolidation of ties with Muslim peoples worldwide.
  Egypt falters on debt payments. Britain and France appoint a Commission on Egyptian Public Debt with the power to confiscate revenues.
 

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1877 : 1294 AH
  Russia invades the Ottoman Empire (1877-78). Russian troops advance to within ten miles of Istanbul and dictate capitulation terms to the Turks at the Treaty of San Stefano.
1878 : 1295 AH
  Egypt is forced by Britain and France to accept international control over her finances.
  Treaty of Berlin results in effective dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
  Britain occupies Cyprus.
1879 : 1296 AH
  Britain and France force Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt to abdicate in favor of his son Tawfiq Pasha. Sultan Abdul Hamid acquiesces in the abdication.
1880 : 1297 AH
  The French, in violation of the Treaty of Berlin, occupy Tunisia and declare it a “protectorate”.
1881 : 1298 AH
  Egyptian nationalists under Ahmed Torabi Pasha stage protests against foreign control.
1882 : 1299 AH
  The British bombard Alexandria into submission, defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Tel el Kabir and occupy Cairo.
  The Mahdi seizes Khartoum and establishes a Caliphate in the Sudan.
1883  
1884  
   
1885 : 1302 AH
  The British storm Khartoum. Death of al Mahdi of the Sudan.
  An Englishman, Allan Hume, founds the Indian National Congress.
1886  
1887  
1888 : 1305 AH
  Ghulam Mirza Ahmed starts the Ahmadiya schism in Punjab, India. The movement draws strong opposition from the ulema.
1889  
1890  
1891 : 1308 AH
  The Tobacco Concession touches off an uproar in Persia. Peaceful boycott of tobacco, under a fatwa from Hajji Mirza Hassan Shirazi, forces the Shah to rescind the Concession.
1892  
1893  
1894  
1895  
1896 : 1314 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah of Persia is assassinated.
1897  
1898  
1899  
1900  
1901 : 1319 AH
  Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Riyadh.
1902  
1903  
1904  
1905  
1906 : 1324 AH
  All India Muslim League is founded.
1907 : 1325 AH
  Death of Muzaffaruddin Shah of Persia. His son Muhammed Ali Mirza becomes the Shah. The first Majlis is elected in Persia.
  The Young Turks Movement in Turkey gathers momentum.
1908 : 1326 AH
  Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  Constitutional revolution in Persia. Muhammed Ali Shah of Persia is deposed. His young son Ahmed Mirza becomes the Shah.
1909 : 1327 AH
  Sultan Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks.
  Mehmet V becomes the Sultan.
1910  
1911 : 1329 AH
  The Sanusi brotherhood resists the Italian invasion of Libya.
1912 : 1330 AH 
  Muhammadiya movement is organized in Indonesia.
  Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1913 : 1331 AH
  The Balkan war begins. Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria invade Ottoman territories. Albania becomes independent. The Ottomans are forced to withdraw from most of the Balkans.
1914 : 1332 AH
  A Serb in Sarajevo murders Prince Francis Ferdinand of Austria. Austria declares war on Serbia.
  Russia declares war on Austria.
  Germany declares war on Russia.
  France and England declare war on Germany.
  The Triple Entente powers (Britain, France and Russia) declare war on the Ottomans.
  Beginning of World War I.
 

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1915 : 1333 AH
  The Ottomans contain British advances in Iraq and beat back attempts to capture Baghdad and Istanbul.
1916 : 1334 AH
  The British promise to set up a unified Arab state.
  Sharif Hussain declares himself king of Hejaz, attacks Ottoman garrisons in Arabia.
  Lawrence of Arabia, a British intelligence officer, works with the Arabs.
  The Sykes-Picot agreement divides up the Ottoman territories between England, France, Russia, Greece and Italy.
1917 : 1335 AH
  Anglo Indian troops under Allenby capture Baghdad and Jerusalem.
  The Balfour Declaration promises to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  The French take Beirut.
  Germany releases the Bolshevik leader Lenin to pressure Russia to drop out of the War.
  The United States enters the War.
  The Russian army begins to collapse on the western front. The October Revolution brings the Bolsheviks to power. Russia pulls out of the War.
1918 : 1336 AH
  Mehmet VI becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Damascus falls to British Forces.
  Germany and the Ottoman Empire capitulate. End of World War I.
  The Wafd movement starts in Egypt.
1919 : 1337 AH
  The victorious allies partition the Ottoman Empire.
  Greece invades Anatolia.
1920 : 1338 AH
  French mandate over Syria.
  British mandate over Iraq and Palestine.
  The Greeks capture Alashehir, Bahkesir, Bandarma and Bursa.
  The Turks stop the Greeks at the Battle of Ankara.
1921 : 1339 AH
  The British appoint Abdullah, son of Sharif Hussain, as emir of Trans Jordan.
  Faisal, another son of Hussain, is appointed emir of Iraq.
  The Turks are victorious over the Greeks at the Battle of the Sakarya River. Greece retreats from Anatolia.
1922 : 1340 AH
  Abdul Mecit II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Mustafa Kemal becomes President of the Republic of Turkey.
1923  
1924 : 1342 AH
  The Turkish National Assembly abolishes the Caliphate
 

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1925  
1926  
1927 : 1345 AH
  Tablighi Jamaat reform movement founded in India
1928 : 1346 AH
  Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brothers) founded in Egypt
1929  
1930  
1941 : 1360 AH
  Jamaat-i Islami reform movement founded in Lahore, India
1945 : 1364 AH
  Indonesia becomes independent republic
  Islam spreads to the West with mass migrations from Asia, Africa and India
1947 : 1366 AH
  Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
1957 : 1376 AH
  Independent Malayan state established with Islam as the official religion but guaranteed tolerance
1960 : 1379 AH
  Familes from SE Asia and North Africa emigrate to Europe and the Americas
1979 : 1399 AH
  Shah of Iran is overthrown by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni, who establishes strict fundamentalist rule of Shi'a principles
1990 : 1410 AH 
  Taliban come to power in Afghanistan
2001 : 1422 AH 
  Muslim extremists attack the United States 
2003 : 1424 AH     
  Saddam Hussien ousted by Western forces     
 

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Hadith : Conversation
Hadis : Perbualan

            

HR Abu Daud : Grade : Sahih 

فَقَالَ قَائِلٌ

يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ

وَمَا الْوَهَنُ

قَالَ ‏

‏ حُبُّ الدُّنْيَا

وَكَرَاهِيَةُ الْمَوْتِ

Translation                   

Narrated Thawban:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The people will soon summon one another to attack you as people when eating invite others to share their dish. Someone asked: Will that be because of our small numbers at that time? He replied: No, you will be numerous at that time: but you will be scum and rubbish like that carried down by a torrent, and Allah will take fear of you from the breasts of your enemy and last enervation into your hearts. Someone asked: What is wahn (enervation). Messenger of Allah (ﷺ): He replied: Love of the world and dislike of death.

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ بَكْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ جَابِرٍ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عَبْدِ السَّلاَمِ، عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ يُوشِكُ الأُمَمُ أَنْ تَدَاعَى عَلَيْكُمْ كَمَا تَدَاعَى الأَكَلَةُ إِلَى قَصْعَتِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ قَائِلٌ وَمِنْ قِلَّةٍ نَحْنُ يَوْمَئِذٍ قَالَ ‏"‏ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ كَثِيرٌ وَلَكِنَّكُمْ غُثَاءٌ كَغُثَاءِ السَّيْلِ وَلَيَنْزِعَنَّ اللَّهُ مِنْ صُدُورِ عَدُوِّكُمُ الْمَهَابَةَ مِنْكُمْ وَلَيَقْذِفَنَّ اللَّهُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمُ الْوَهَنَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ قَائِلٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَا الْوَهَنُ قَالَ ‏"‏ حُبُّ الدُّنْيَا وَكَرَاهِيَةُ الْمَوْتِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Grade Sahih (Al-Albani)   صحيح   (الألباني) حكم     :

Reference  : Sunan Abi Dawud 4297
In-book reference  : Book 39, Hadith 7
English translation  : Book 38, Hadith 4284

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