Modern Arabic : English English : Afrikaans English : Albanian English : Amharic English : Armenian English : Azerbaijani English : Basque English : Belarusian English : Bengali English : Bosnian English : Bulgarian English : Catalan English : Cebuano English : Chichewa English : Chinese (Simplified) English : Chinese (Traditional) English : Corsican English : Croatian English : Czech English : Danish English : Dutch English : Esperanto English : Estonian English : Filipino English : Finnish English : French English : Frisian English : Galician English : Georgian English : German English : Greek English : Gujarati English : Haitan Creole English : Hawaiian English : Hausa English : Hebrew English : Hindi English : Hmong English : Hungarian English : Iban English : Icelandic English : Igbo English : Indonesian English : Irish English : Italian English : Japanese English : Javanese English : Kadazan English : Kannada English : Kazakh English : Khmer English : Korean English : Kurdish English : Kyrgyz English : Lao English : Latin English : Latvian English : Lithuanian English : Luxembourgish English : Macedonian English : Malagasy English : Malay English : Malay : Chinese English : Malayalam English : Maltese English : Maori English : Marathi English : Mongolian English : Myanmar (Burmese) English : Nepali English : Norwegian English : Pashto English : Persian English : Polish English : Portuguese English : Punjabi English : Romanian English : Russian English : Samoan English : Scots Gaelic English : Serbian English : Sesotho English : Shona English : Sindhi English : Sinhala English : Slovak English : Slovenia English : Somali English : Spanish English : Sundanese English : Swahili English : Swedish English : Tajik English : Tamil English : Telugu English : Thai English : Turkish English : Ukrainian English : Urdu English : Uzbek English : Vietnamese English : Welsh English : Xhosa English : Yiddish English : Yoruba English : Zulu
- No bookmarks yet -

×

1. Al-Fatihah (1) 2. Al-Baqarah (2) 3. Al-Baqarah (2) 4.         " 5.         " 6.         " 7.         " 8.         " 9.         " 10.         " 11.         " 12.         " 13.         " 14.         " 15.         " 16.         " 17.         " 18.         " 19.         " 20.         " 21.         " 22.         " 23.         " 24.         " 25.         " 26.         " 27.         " 28.         " 29.         " 30.         " 31.         " 32.         " 33.         " 34.         " 35.         " 36.         " 37.         " 38.         " 39.         " 40.         " 41.         " 42.         " 43.         " 44.         " 45.         " 46.         " 47.         " 48.         " 49.         " 50. Ali Imran (3)

 

×

51. Ali Imran (3) 52. Ali Imran (3) 53.         " 54.         " 55.         " 56.         " 57.         " 58.         " 59.         " 60.         " 61.         " 62.         " 63.         " 64.         " 65.         " 66.         " 67.         " 68.         " 69.         " 70.         " 71.         " 72.         " 73.         " 74.         " 75.         " 76.         " 77. An-Nisa' (4) 78. An-Nisa' (4) 79.         " 80.         " 81.         " 82.         " 83.         " 84.         " 85.         " 86.         " 87.         " 88.         " 89.         " 90.         " 91.         " 92.         " 93.         " 94.         " 95.         " 96.         " 97.         " 98.         " 99.         " 100.         "

 

×

101. An-Nisaa' 102. An-Nisaa' 103.         " 104.         " 105.         " 106. Al-Maa'idah (5) 107. Al-Maa'idah 108.         " 109.         " 110.         " 111.         " 112.         " 113.         " 114.         " 115.         " 116.         " 117.         " 118.         " 119.         " 120.         " 121.         " 122.         " 123.         " 124.         " 125.         " 126.         " 127.         " 128. Al-An'aam (6) 129. Al-An'aam 130.         " 131.         " 132.         " 133.         " 134.         " 135.         " 136.         " 137.         " 138.         " 139.         " 140.         " 141.         " 142.         " 143.         " 144.         " 145.         " 146.         " 147.         " 148.         " 149.         " 150.         "

 

×

151. Al-A'raaf (7) 152. Surah Al-A'raaf 153.         " 154.         " 155.         " 156.         " 157.         " 158.         " 159.         " 160.         " 161.         " 162.         " 163.         " 164.         " 165.         " 166.         " 167.         " 168.         " 169.         " 170.         " 171.         " 172.         " 173.         " 174.         " 175.         " 176.         " 177. Al-Anfaal (8) 178. Surah Al-Anfaal 179.         " 180.         " 181.         " 182.         " 183.         " 184.         " 185.         " 186.         " 187. At-Taubah (9) 188. Surah At-Taubah 189.         " 190.         " 191.         " 192.         " 193.         " 194.         " 195.         " 196.         " 197.         " 198.         " 199.         " 200.         "

 

×

201. At-Taubah 202. At-Taubah 203.         " 204.         " 205.         " 206.         " 207.         " 208. Yunus (10) 209. Yunus 210.         " 211.         " 212.         " 213.         " 214.         " 215.         " 216.         " 217.         " 218.         " 219.         " 220.         " 221. Hud (11) 222. Hud 223.         " 224.         " 225.         " 226.         " 227.         " 228.         " 229.         " 230.         " 231.         " 232.         " 233.         " 234.         " 235. Yusuf (12) 236. Yusuf 237.         " 238.         " 239.         " 240.         " 241.         " 242.         " 243.         " 244.         " 245.         " 246.         " 247.         " 248.         " 249. Ar-Ra'd (13) 250. Ar-Ra'd

 

×

251. Ar-Ra'd 252. Ar-Ra'd 253.         " 254.         " 255. Ibrahim (14) 256. Ibrahim 257.         " 258.         " 259.         " 260.         " 261.         " 262. Al-Hijr (15) 263. Al-Hijr 264.         " 265.         " 266.         " 267. Al-Nahl (16) 268. Al-Nahl 269.         " 270.         " 271.         " 272.         " 273.         " 274.         " 275.         " 276.         " 277.         " 278.         " 279.         " 280.         " 281.         " 282. Al-Israa' (17) 283. Al-Israa' 284.         " 285.         " 286.         " 287.         " 288.         " 289.         " 290.         " 291.         " 292.         " 293. Al-Kahfi (18) 294. Al-Kahfi 295.         " 296.         " 297.         " 298.         " 299.         " 300.         "

 

×

301. Al-Kahfi 302. Al-Kahfi 303.         " 304.         " 305. Maryam (19) 306. Maryam 307.         " 308.         " 309.         " 310.         " 311.         " 312. Taha (20) 313. Taha 314.         " 315.         " 316.         " 317.         " 318.         " 319.         " 320.         " 321.         " 322. Al-Anbiyaa' (21) 323. Al-Anbiyaa' 324.         " 325.         " 326.         " 327.         " 328.         " 329.         " 330.         " 331.         " 332. Al-Hajj (22) 333. Al-Hajj 334.         " 335.         " 336.         " 337.         " 338.         " 339.         " 340.         " 341.         " 342. Al-Mu'minuun (23) 343. Al-Mu'minuun 344.         " 345.         " 346.         " 347.         " 348.         " 349.         " 350. An-Nuur (24)

 

×

351. An-Nuur (24) 352. An-Nuur (24) 353.         " 354.         " 355.         " 356.         " 357.         " 358.         " 359. Al-Furqaan (25) 360. Al-Furqaan (25) 361.         " 362.         " 363.         " 364.         " 365.         " 366.         " 367. Asy-Syu'araa' (26) 368. Asy-Syu'araa' 369.         " 370.         " 371.         " 372.         " 373.         " 374.         " 375.         " 376.         " 377. An-Naml (27) 378. An-Naml 379.         " 380.         " 381.         " 382.         " 383.         " 384.         " 385. Al-Qasas (28) 386. Al-Qasas 387.         " 388.         " 389.         " 390.         " 391.         " 392.         " 393.         " 394.         " 395.         " 396. Al-'Ankabuut (29) 397. Al-'Ankabuut 398.         " 399.         " 400.         "

 

×

401. Al-'Ankabut 402. Al-'Ankabut 403.         " 404. Ar-Rum (30) 405. Ar-Rum 406.         " 407.         " 408.         " 409.         " 410.         " 411. Luqman (31) 412. Luqman 413.         " 414.         " 415. As-Sajdah (32) 416. As-Sajdah 417.         " 418. Al-Ahzab (33) 419. Al-Ahzab 420.         " 421.         " 422.         " 423.         " 424.         " 425.         " 426.         " 427.         " 428. Saba' (34) 429. Saba' 430.         " 431.         " 432.         " 433.         " 434. Faatir (35) 435. Faatir 436.         " 437.         " 438.         " 439.         " 440. Ya Siin (36) 441. Ya Siin 442.         " 443.         " 444.         " 445.         " 446. As-Saaffaat (37) 447. As-Saaffaat 448.         " 449.         " 450.         "

 

×

451. As-Saaffaat 452. As-Saaffaat 453. Saad (38) 454. Saad 455.         " 456.         " 457.         " 458. Az-Zumar (39) 459. Az-Zumar 460.         " 461.         " 462.         " 463.         " 464.         " 465.         " 466.         " 467. Ghaafir (40) 468. Ghaafir 469.         " 470.         " 471.         " 472.         " 473.         " 474.         " 475.         " 476.         " 477. Fussilat (41) 478. Fussilat 479.         " 480.         " 481.         " 482.         " 483. Asy-Syuura (42) 484. Asy-Syuura 485.         " 486.         " 487.         " 488.         " 489. Az-Zukhruf (43) 490. Az-Zukhruf 491.         " 492.         " 493.         " 494.         " 495.         " 496. Ad-Dukhaan (44) 497. Ad-Dukhaan 498.         " 499. Al-Jaathiyah (45) 500. Al-Jaathiyah

 

×

501. Al-Jaathiyah 502. Al-Ahqaaf (46) 503. Al-Ahqaaf 504.         " 505.         " 506.         " 507. Muhammad (47) 508. Muhammad 509.         " 510.         " 511. Al-Fat-h (48) 512. Al-Fat-h 513.         " 514.         " 515. Al-Hujuraat (49) 516. Al-Hujuraat 517.         " 518. Qaaf (50) 519. Qaaf 520. Adz-Dzaariyaat (51) 521. Adz-Dzaariyaat 522.         " 523. At-Tuur (52) 524. At-Tuur 525.         " 526. An-Najm (53) 527. An-Najm 528. Al-Qamar (54) 529. Al-Qamar 530.         " 531. Ar-Rahmaan (55) 532. Ar-Rahmaan 533.         " 534. Al-Waaqi'ah (56) 535. Al-Waaqi'ah 536.         " 537. Al-Hadiid (57) 538. Al-Hadiid 539.         " 540.         " 541.         " 542. Al-Mujaadalah (58) 543. Al-Mujaadalah 544.         " 545. Al-Hasy-r (59) 546. Al-Hasy-r 547.         " 548.         " 549. Al-Mumtahanah (60) 550. Al-Mumtahanah

 

×

551. As-Soff (61) 552. As-Soff 553. Al-Jumu'ah (62) 554. Al-Munafiqun (63) 555. Al-Munafiqun (63) 556. At-Taghobun (64) 557. At-Taghobun (64) 558. At-Tolaaq (65) 559. At-Tolaaq (65) 560. At-Tahrim (66) 561. At-Tahrim (66) 562. Al-Mulk (67) 563. Al-Mulk (67) 564. Al-Qolam (68) 565. Al-Qolam (68) 566. Al-Haaqqah (69) 567. Al-Haaqqah (69) 568. Al-Ma'arij (70) 569. Al-Ma'arij (70) 570. Nuh (71) 571. Nuh (71) 572. Al-Jinn (72) 573. Al-Jinn (72) 574. Al-Muzzammil (73) 575. Al-Muddassir (74) 576. Al-Muddassir (74) 577. Al-Qiyamah (75) 578. Al-Insaan (76) 579. Al-Insaan (76) 580. Al-Mursalat (77) 581. Al-Mursalat 582. An-Naba' (78) 583. An-Nazi'aat (79) 584. An-Nazi'aat 585. 'Abasa (80) 586. At-Takwir (81) 587. Al-Infithor (82) 588. Al-Muthoffifin 589. Al-Insyiqaq (84) 590. Al-Buruj (85) 591. At-Thoriq (86) 592. Al-Ghosyiah (88) 593. Al-Fajr (89) 594. Al-Balad (90) 595. Asy-Syams (91) 596. Ad-Dhuha (93) 597. At-Tin (95) 598. Al-Qadr (97) 599. Az-Zalzalah (99) 600. Al-Qori'ah (101) 601. Al-'Asr (103) 602. Quraisy (106) 603. Al-Kafirun (109) 604. Al-Ikhlas (112)

 

Generator 2 | Library |   <   |   >   | Home | Languages | | | | City | | Search | Library |
page 1 51 101 151 201 251 301 351 401 451 501 551 172

7 - Surah Al-A'raaf

DAILY MOTIVATION ................... more

Quranic Knowledge   

    

Dakwah Knowledge

            

 Geo - Mosque News & Stay ... more 

Hist - Mosque News & Stay ... 

Masjid Idris l , Meknes, Morocco

 

_______________________________________________

 V:  131-132    User Guide 
         H:  51-52

                     back to top

_______________________________________________

 Geo - Mosque News & Stay 

Yeni Mosque, Komotini, Western Thrace

 (Eastern Thrace in part of Turkey)

1. TAJWEED: TARANNUM

_______________________________________________

                    back to top

_______________________________________________

2.TRANSLATIONS: COMMENTARIES

_______________________________________

 

A .... ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر

B .... ENGLISH

Saheeh International

C ..... ENGLISH

Basmeih

D ..... CHINESE

Ma Jian

E ...... ARABIC: ENGLISH: ENGLISH: CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر: Saheeh International: Basmeih: Ma Jian
_____________________________________________
Celik Tafsir
Tafsir Surah al-A’raf Ayat 164 – 167 (Jangan tahan orang beri nasihat)

_____________________________________________

A ..... ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar: تفسير المیسر

١٦٤  وَإِذْ قَالَتْ أُمَّةٌ مِنْهُمْ لِمَ تَعِظُونَ قَوْمًا ۙ اللَّهُ مُهْلِكُهُمْ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا ۖ قَالُوا مَعْذِرَةً إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ

١٦٤  واذكر -أيها الرسول- إذ قالت جماعة منهم لجماعة أخرى كانت تعظ المعتدين في يوم السبت، وتنهاهم عن معصية الله فيه: لِمَ تعظون قومًا الله مهلكهم في الدنيا بمعصيتهم إياه أو معذبهم عذابا شديدًا في الآخرة؟ قال الذين كانوا ينهَوْنهم عن معصية الله: نَعِظهم وننهاهم لِنُعْذَر فيهم، ونؤدي فرض الله علينا في الأمر بالمعروف والنهي عن المنكر، ورجاء أن يتقوا الله، فيخافوه، ويتوبوا من معصيتهم ربهم وتعذِّيهم على ما حرَّم عليهم.

١٦٥  فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ أَنْجَيْنَا الَّذِينَ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ السُّوءِ وَأَخَذْنَا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا بِعَذَابٍ بَئِيسٍ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ

١٦٥  فلما تركت الطائفة التي اعتدت في يوم السبت ما ذُكِّرت به، واستمرت على غيِّها واعتدائها فيه، ولم تستجب لما وَعَظَتْها به الطائفة الواعظة، أنجى الله الذين ينهون عن معصيته، وأخذ الذين اعتدَوْا في يوم السبت بعذاب أليم شديد؛ بسبب مخالفتهم أمر الله وخروجهم عن طاعته.

١٦٦  فَلَمَّا عَتَوْا عَنْ مَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ قُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ

١٦٦  فلما تمردت تلك الطائفة، وتجاوزت ما نهاها الله عنه من عدم الصيد في يوم السبت، قال لهم الله: كونوا قردة خاسئين مبعدين من كل خير، فكانوا كذلك.

١٦٧  وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكَ لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَنْ يَسُومُهُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَسَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ ۖ وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ

١٦٧  واذكر -أيها الرسول- إذ علم ذلك إعلامًا صريحًا ليبعثن على اليهود مَن يذيقهم سوء العذاب والإذلال إلى يوم القيامة. إن ربك -أيها الرسول- لسريع العقاب لِمَن استحقه بسبب كفره ومعصيته، وإنه لغفور عن ذنوب التائبين، رحيم بهم.

١٦٨  وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أُمَمًا ۖ مِنْهُمُ الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنْهُمْ دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ وَبَلَوْنَاهُمْ بِالْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

١٦٨  وفرَّقنا بني إسرائيل في الأرض جماعات، منهم القائمون بحقوق الله وحقوق عباده، ومنهم المقصِّرون الظالمون لأنفسهم، واختبرنا هؤلاء بالرخاء في العيش والسَّعَة في الرزق، واختبرناهم أيضًا بالشدة في العيش والمصائب والرزايا؛ رجاء أن يرجعوا إلى طاعة ربهم ويتوبوا من معاصيه.

١٦٩  فَخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ وَرِثُوا الْكِتَابَ يَأْخُذُونَ عَرَضَ هَٰذَا الْأَدْنَىٰ وَيَقُولُونَ سَيُغْفَرُ لَنَا وَإِنْ يَأْتِهِمْ عَرَضٌ مِثْلُهُ يَأْخُذُوهُ ۚ أَلَمْ يُؤْخَذْ عَلَيْهِمْ مِيثَاقُ الْكِتَابِ أَنْ لَا يَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ وَدَرَسُوا مَا فِيهِ ۗ وَالدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

١٦٩  فجاء من بعد هؤلاء الذين وصفناهم بَدَلُ سوء أخذوا الكتاب من أسلافهم، فقرءوه وعلموه، وخالفوا حكمه، يأخذون ما يعرض لهم من متاع الدنيا من دنيء المكاسب كالرشوة وغيرها؛ وذلك لشدة حرصهم ونَهَمهم، ويقولون مع ذلك: إن الله سيغفر لنا ذنوبنا تمنيًا على الله الأباطيل، وإن يأت هؤلاء اليهودَ متاعٌ زائلٌ من أنواع الحرام يأخذوه ويستحلوه، مصرِّين على ذنوبهم وتناولهم الحرام، ألَمْ يؤخذ على هؤلاء العهود بإقامة التوراة والعمل بما فيها، وألا يقولوا على الله إلا الحق وألا يكذبوا عليه، وعلموا ما في الكتاب فضيعوه، وتركوا العمل به، وخالفوا عهد الله إليهم في ذلك؟ والدار الآخرة خير للذين يتقون الله، فيمتثلون أوامره، ويجتنبون نواهيه، أفلا يعقل هؤلاء الذين يأخذون دنيء المكاسب أن ما عند الله خير وأبقى للمتقين؟

١٧٠  وَالَّذِينَ يُمَسِّكُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُصْلِحِينَ

١٧٠  والذين يتمسَّكون بالكتاب، ويعملون بما فيه من العقائد والأحكام، ويحافظون على الصلاة بحدودها، ولا يضيعون أوقاتها، فإن الله يثيبهم على أعمالهم الصالحة، ولا يضيعها.

_____________________________________________

               back to top

____________________________________________

B .... ENGLISH

Saheeh International

١٦٤  وَإِذْ قَالَتْ أُمَّةٌ مِنْهُمْ لِمَ تَعِظُونَ قَوْمًا ۙ اللَّهُ مُهْلِكُهُمْ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا ۖ قَالُوا مَعْذِرَةً إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ

164  And when a community among them said, "Why do you advise [or warn] a people whom Allah is [about] to destroy or to punish with a severe punishment?" they [the advisors] said, "To be absolved before your Lord and perhaps they may fear Him."

١٦٥  فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ أَنْجَيْنَا الَّذِينَ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ السُّوءِ وَأَخَذْنَا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا بِعَذَابٍ بَئِيسٍ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ

165  And when they forgot that by which they had been reminded, We saved those who had forbidden evil and seized those who wronged, with a wretched punishment, because they were defiantly disobeying.

١٦٦  فَلَمَّا عَتَوْا عَنْ مَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ قُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ

166  So when they were insolent about that which they had been forbidden, We said to them, "Be apes, despised."

١٦٧  وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكَ لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَنْ يَسُومُهُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَسَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ ۖ وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ

167  And [mention] when your Lord declared that He would surely [continue to] send upon them until the Day of Resurrection those who would afflict them with the worst torment. Indeed, your Lord is swift in penalty; but indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.

١٦٨  وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أُمَمًا ۖ مِنْهُمُ الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنْهُمْ دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ وَبَلَوْنَاهُمْ بِالْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

168  And We divided them throughout the earth into nations. Of them some were righteous, and of them some were otherwise. And We tested them with good [times] and bad that perhaps they would return [to obedience].

١٦٩  فَخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ وَرِثُوا الْكِتَابَ يَأْخُذُونَ عَرَضَ هَٰذَا الْأَدْنَىٰ وَيَقُولُونَ سَيُغْفَرُ لَنَا وَإِنْ يَأْتِهِمْ عَرَضٌ مِثْلُهُ يَأْخُذُوهُ ۚ أَلَمْ يُؤْخَذْ عَلَيْهِمْ مِيثَاقُ الْكِتَابِ أَنْ لَا يَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ وَدَرَسُوا مَا فِيهِ ۗ وَالدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

169  And there followed them successors who inherited the Scripture [while] taking the commodities of this lower life and saying, "It will be forgiven for us." And if an offer like it comes to them, they will [again] take it. Was not the covenant of the Scripture taken from them that they would not say about Allah except the truth, and they studied what was in it? And the home of the Hereafter is better for those who fear Allah, so will you not use reason?

١٧٠  وَالَّذِينَ يُمَسِّكُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُصْلِحِينَ

170  But those who hold fast to the Book and establish prayer - indeed, We will not allow to be lost the reward of the reformers.

___________________________________________

               back to top

___________________________________________

                                        

C ..... ENGLISH

Basmeih

١٦٤  وَإِذْ قَالَتْ أُمَّةٌ مِنْهُمْ لِمَ تَعِظُونَ قَوْمًا ۙ اللَّهُ مُهْلِكُهُمْ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا ۖ قَالُوا مَعْذِرَةً إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ

164  Dan (ingatlah) ketika segolongan di antara mereka berkata: "Mengapa kamu menasihati kaum yang Allah akan membinasakan mereka atau mengazabkan mereka dengan azab yang amat berat?" Orang-orang (yang memberi nasihat) itu menjawab: "(Nasihat itu ialah) untuk melepaskan diri dari bersalah kepada Tuhan kamu, dan supaya mereka bertaqwa".

١٦٥  فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ أَنْجَيْنَا الَّذِينَ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ السُّوءِ وَأَخَذْنَا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا بِعَذَابٍ بَئِيسٍ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ

165  Maka ketika mereka melupakan (tidak menghiraukan) apa yang telah diperingatkan kepada mereka, Kami selamatkan orang-orang yang melarang daripada perbuatan jahat itu, dan Kami timpakan orang-orang yang zalim dengan azab seksa yang amat berat, disebabkan mereka berlaku fasik (derhaka).

١٦٦  فَلَمَّا عَتَوْا عَنْ مَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ قُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ

166  Maka setelah mereka berlaku sombong takbur (tidak mengambil indah) kepada apa yang telah dilarang mereka melakukannya, Kami katakan kepada mereka: "Jadilah kamu kera yang hina".

١٦٧  وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكَ لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَنْ يَسُومُهُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَسَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ ۖ وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ

167  Dan (ingatlah wahai Muhammad) ketika Tuhanmu memberitahu: Bahawa sesungguhnya Ia akan menghantarkan kepada kaum Yahudi itu, (terus menerus) hingga hari kiamat, kaum-kaum yang akan menimpakan mereka dengan azab sengsara yang seburuk-buruknya (disebabkan kejahatan dan kekufuran mereka). Sesungguhnya Tuhanmu amat cepat azab seksaNya, dan sesungguhnya Dia juga Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

١٦٨  وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أُمَمًا ۖ مِنْهُمُ الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنْهُمْ دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ وَبَلَوْنَاهُمْ بِالْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

168  Dan Kami pecah-pecahkan mereka (kaum Yahudi itu) berpuak-puak (yang bertaburan di merata-rata) dunia ini. Di antara mereka ada yang soleh dan di antaranya juga yang tidak demikian. Dan kami uji mereka dengan nikmat pemberian yang baik-baik dan bala bencana yang buruk, supaya mereka kembali (bertaubat).

١٦٩  فَخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ وَرِثُوا الْكِتَابَ يَأْخُذُونَ عَرَضَ هَٰذَا الْأَدْنَىٰ وَيَقُولُونَ سَيُغْفَرُ لَنَا وَإِنْ يَأْتِهِمْ عَرَضٌ مِثْلُهُ يَأْخُذُوهُ ۚ أَلَمْ يُؤْخَذْ عَلَيْهِمْ مِيثَاقُ الْكِتَابِ أَنْ لَا يَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ وَدَرَسُوا مَا فِيهِ ۗ وَالدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

169  Maka mereka kemudiannya digantikan oleh keturunan-keturunan yang jahat yang mewarisi Kitab (Taurat). Mereka mengambil kebendaan yang hina di dunia ini sambil berkata: "Akan diampunkan kelak dosa kami" Padahal jika datang kepada mereka kebendaan yang hina seperti itu mereka akan mengambilnya lagi. Bukankah telah diambil perjanjian setia daripada mereka di dalam kitab Taurat bahawa mereka tidak memperkatakan terhadap Allah melainkan yang benar? Dan mereka pula telah mempelajari apa yang terkandung di dalamnya? Dan juga (mereka mengetahui bahawa) negeri akhirat itu lebih baik bagi orang-orang yang bertaqwa. Tidakkah kamu mahu mengerti?

١٧٠  وَالَّذِينَ يُمَسِّكُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُصْلِحِينَ

170  Dan orang-orang yang berpegang teguh dengan Kitab Allah serta mendirikan sembahyang, sesungguhnya Kami tidak akan menghilangkan pahala orang-orang yang berusaha memperbaiki (keadaan hidupnya).

______________________________________________ 

               back to top

____________________________________________

D ..... CHINESE

Ma Jian

١٦٤  وَإِذْ قَالَتْ أُمَّةٌ مِنْهُمْ لِمَ تَعِظُونَ قَوْمًا ۙ اللَّهُ مُهْلِكُهُمْ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا ۖ قَالُوا مَعْذِرَةً إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ

164  当时,他们中有一伙人说:真主要加以毁灭,或加以严惩的民众,你们何必劝戒他们呢?他们说:因为求得你们主的原谅,而且希望他们能敬畏。

١٦٥  فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ أَنْجَيْنَا الَّذِينَ يَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ السُّوءِ وَأَخَذْنَا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا بِعَذَابٍ بَئِيسٍ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ

165  当他们不采纳忠告的时候,我拯救了戒人作恶者,而以严刑惩罚不义者,因为他们犯了罪。

١٦٦  فَلَمَّا عَتَوْا عَنْ مَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ قُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ

166  当他们妄自尊大,不肯遵守戒律的时候,我对他们说:你们变成卑贱的猿猴吧!

١٦٧  وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكَ لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَنْ يَسُومُهُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَسَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ ۖ وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ

167  当时,你的主宣布他一定派人来使他们继续遭受酷刑,直到复活日。你的主的惩罚确是神速的。他确是至赦的,确是至慈的。

١٦٨  وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أُمَمًا ۖ مِنْهُمُ الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنْهُمْ دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ وَبَلَوْنَاهُمْ بِالْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

168  我曾使他们散处4方,成为若干派别,他们中有善人,有次于善人的,我用种种祸福考验他们,以便他们觉悟。

١٦٩  فَخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ وَرِثُوا الْكِتَابَ يَأْخُذُونَ عَرَضَ هَٰذَا الْأَدْنَىٰ وَيَقُولُونَ سَيُغْفَرُ لَنَا وَإِنْ يَأْتِهِمْ عَرَضٌ مِثْلُهُ يَأْخُذُوهُ ۚ أَلَمْ يُؤْخَذْ عَلَيْهِمْ مِيثَاقُ الْكِتَابِ أَنْ لَا يَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ وَدَرَسُوا مَا فِيهِ ۗ وَالدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

169  在他们死亡之后,有不肖的后裔代替他们而继承了天经,那些后裔攫取今世浮利,还说:我们将蒙饶恕。如果有同样的浮利来到他们的身边,他们还将攫取。难道天经中没有明文教导他们只能以真理归于真主吗?难道他们没有诵习过那些明文吗?后世的安宅,对于敬要者是更优美的。难道你们不理解吗?

١٧٠  وَالَّذِينَ يُمَسِّكُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُصْلِحِينَ

170  坚持天经. 谨守拜功者,我必不会使他们当中的行善者徒劳无酬。

_____________________________________________

               back to top

_______________________________________________

E ...... ARABIC: ENGLISH: ENGLISH: CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر: Saheeh International: Basmeih: Ma Jian

 

 

______________________________________________

     back to top                

______________________________________________

3. LEARN ARABIC: OTHER LANGUAGES


 

فعل

مجهول

مضارع

فعل

مجهول

ماض

فعل

معلوم

مضارع

فعل

معلوم

ماض

 

يفعل

فعل

يفعل

فعل

 I

يفعل

فعل

يفعل

فعل

II

يفاعل

فوعل

يفاعل

فاعل

III

يفعل

أفعل

يفعل

أفعل

IV

يتفعل

تفعل

يتفعل

تفعل

V

يتفاعل

تفوعل

يتفاعل

تفاعل

VI

ينفعل

أنفعل

ينفعل

إنفعل

VII

يفتعل

أفتعل

يفتعل

إفتعل

VIII

يفعل

أفعل

يفعل

إفعل

IX

يستفعل

أستفعل

يستفعل

إستفعل

X

 

مصدر

فعل

النهي

فعل

الأمر

 

فعل

لاتفعل

إفعل

 I

تفعيل

لاتفعل

فعل

II

مفاعلة

لاتفاعل

فاعل

III

إفعال

لاتفعل

أفعل

IV

تفعل

لاتتفعل

تفعل

V

تفاعل

لاتتفاعل

تفاعل

VI

إنفعال

لاتنفعل

إنفعل

VII

إفتعال

لاتفتعل

إفتعل

VIII

إفعلال

 

 

IX

إستفعال

لاتستفعل

إستفعل

X

 

إسم

الألة

إسم

المكن

الزمان

إسم

المفعول

إسم

الفاعل

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعول

فاعل

I

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

II

 

مفاعل

مفاعل

مفاعل

III

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

IV

 

متفعل

متفعل

متفعل

V

 

متفاعل

متفاعل

متفاعل

VI

 

منفعل

منفعل

منفعل

VII

 

مفتعل

مفتعل

مفتعل

VIII

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

IX

 

مستفعل

مستفعل

مستفعل

X

 

_______________________________________________

                 back to top

_______________________________________________

4. ANSWERING CRITIQUES ON ISLAM

_______________________________________________

                   back to top

_______________________________________________

5. DO NOT BE HIKMAH

_______________________________________________

               back to top

_______________________________________________

6. PEOPLE REVERTING TO ISLAM

_______________________________________________

                    back to top

_______________________________________________

7. QURANIC MIRACLES & OTHERS

_______________________________________________

                   back to top

_______________________________________________

8. Dakwah Songs

_______________________________________________

                   back to top

_______________________________________________

User Guide

HAFALAN & ULANGAN ...... KAEDAH QAWAN - ada 10 Level

All the Koran in the world is printed on 604 pages. The Qawan Method divides the Qur'an into six parts.

Method of choosing a partner .....    

1.Install pages between 2 constituents.

2.The word is not long.

3. Suitable for reading in the first and second rakaat prayers.

4. Suitable for the tazkirah after prayer.

_______________________________________________

                   back to top      

_______________________________________________

LEVEL 1

6 Horizontal Section (Horizontal - H)

Just a pair of pages between 2 constituents.

Saturday: ms 1- 100      

Sunday: ms 101 - 200

First Day: pg. 201 - 300

Tuesday: ms 301 - 400

Wednesday: ms 401 - 500

Thursday: ms 501 - 604

Friday: Review all just able

_______________________________________________

6 Vertical Parts (V) 

Only the pair of pages (ms) of the entire Qur'an, between 2 constituents that end up with a certain number

H.Sabtu: ms end 01-02

H Sunday: ms end 21-22

H.Nnin: ms end 41-42

H.Selasa: ms end 61-62

H.Rabu: ms end 81-82

H.Khamis: ms end of 99-00

Friday: Review all just able

________________________________________________

LEVEL 2 ..... coming soon

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

                   back to top

_______________________________________________

more

_____________________________________________

........... more

DAILY REMINDER

1. QURAN                                             

404: Al Ankabut 29: 69

  والذين جاهدوا فينا لنهدينهم سبلنا وإن الله لمع المحسنين

507: Muhammad 47: 7

  يا أيها الذين آمنوا إن تنصروا الله ينصركم ويثبت أقدامكم

__________________________________________________  

2. HADITH                                             

HR Imam Malik in Al Muwatta
"تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما تمسكتم بهما كتاب الله وسنة نبيه

HR Abu Daud & Termidhi ... Hadith Hasan Sahih
فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء الراشدين المهديين. 

HR Muslim
"إذا مات الأنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث: صدقة جارية, أو علم ينتفع به, أو ولد صالح يدعو له"

HR Bukhari
"خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه"

HR Termizi .... Hadith Hasan Sahih
"يا أيها الناس أفشوا السلام, وأطعموا الطعام, وصلوا الأرحام وصلوا والناس نيام, تدخلوا الجنة بسلام"

Sunan Ibn Majah ..... Grade Hasan (Darussalam)
ثم قال: يا رسول الله أى المؤمنين أفضل قال: "أحسنهم خلقا". قال فأى المؤمنين أكيس قال: " أكثرهم للموت ذكرا وأحسنهم لما بعده استعدادا أولئك الأكياس "

(Hadith ini muttafaq 'alaih)

اليد العليا خير من اليد السفلى

HR Bukhari

وإن أحب الأعمال إلى الله ما دام وإن قل

 

__________________________________________________

3. HELP OF PROPHET & SAHABAT         

History of success in early Islam during the time of the Prophet and Caliph Ar Rasyidin: 

       Metallic fittings ...... less

       Conformity ....... is high

       Ten Companions of the Prophet who are guaranteed paradise ..... the rich majority, but generous .... especially Abdurrahman bin Auf RA ..... The FATONAH looking for opportunities to be the above hands 

_______________________________________________

                   back to top  

سورة الأعراف ٧ الجزء ٩

١٧٢

ﭑﭒﭓﭔﭕﭖﭗﭘﭙﭚﭛﭜ
and when
dan ketika|said
berkata|a people
umat|among them
diantara mereka|why
mengapa|do you preach
kamu menasihati|people
kaum||Allah
Allah|will destroy them
akan binasakan mereka|or
atau|punish them
mengazab mereka
ﭝﭞﭟﭠﭡﭢﭣﭤﭥﭦ
with torment
dengan azab|severe
pedih||they said
mereka berkata|in order
agar kami punya alasan|to
kepada|your Lord
tuhan kamu|and so that they
agar mereka|fear
takut|164
ﭧﭨﭩﭪﭫﭬﭭﭮﭯﭰ
so when
maka apabila|they forgot
mereka melupakan|what
apa|they have been warned to them
diperingatkan kepada mereka|with it
dengannya|We rescued
Kami selamatkan|those who
mereka yang|they forbade
melarang|of
daripada|evil
orang2 jahat
ﭱﭲﭳﭴﭵﭶﭷﭸ
and We seized
dan Kami timpakan|those who
orang2 yang|did wrong
zalim|with torment
dengan azab|painful
keras|because of what
kerana apa|they used to
disebabkan mereka|rebel
berbuat engkar
ﭹﭺﭻﭼﭽﭾﭿﮀﮁﮂﮃﮄ
165|so after
maka setelah|they exceeded the limit
mereka bersikap sombong|toward
terhadap|what
apa|they were prohibited
mereka dilarang|from it
daripadanya|We said
Kami katakan|to them
kepada mereka|be
jadi|monkeys
kera|humiliated
yang hina
ﮅﮆﮇﮈﮉﮊﮋﮌﮍﮎ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮏﮐﮑﮒﮓﮔﮕﮖﮗﮘ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮙﮚﮛﮜﮝﮞﮟﮠﮡ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮢﮣﮤﮥﮦﮧﮨ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮩﮪﮫﮬﮭﮮﮯﮰ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮱﯓﯔﯕﯖﯗﯘﯙﯚ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯛﯜﯝﯞﯟﯠﯡﯢﯣﯤﯥ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯦﯧﯨﯩﯪﯫﯬﯭﯮﯯﯰﯱﯲ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯳﯴﯵﯶﯷﯸﯹﯺﯻ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﯼﯽﯾﯿﰀﰁﰂﰃﰄ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0

172

الجزء ٩سورة الأعراف ٧

١٧١

ﭑﭒﭓﭔﭕﭖﭗﭘﭙ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭚﭛﭜﭝﭞﭟﭠﭡ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭢﭣﭤﭥﭦﭧﭨﭩﭪﭫ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭬﭭﭮﭯﭰﭱﭲﭳ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭴﭵﭶﭷﭸﭹﭺﭻﭼ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﭽﭾﭿﮀﮁﮂﮃ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮄﮅﮆﮇﮈﮉﮊﮋ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮌﮍﮎﮏﮐﮑﮒ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮓﮔﮕﮖﮗﮘ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮙﮚﮛﮜﮝﮞﮟﮠﮡ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮢﮣﮤﮥﮦﮧﮨ
1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
ﮩﮪﮫﮬﮭﮮﮯ
||and asked them
dan tanyalah kepada mereka|about
tentang|the village
kampung|that
yang|was
telah jadi
ﮰﮱﯓﯔﯕﯖﯗﯘ
close
berdekatan|the sea
laut|when
apabila|they broke the rule
mereka melanggar|in
aturan|Saturday
Sabtu|when
apabila|came to them
datang kepada mereka
ﯙﯚﯛﯜﯝﯞﯟﯠ
the fishes
ikan-ikan mereka|Day
hari|Saturday
sabtu|floating on the water surface
terapung di permukaan air|while on Day
padahal hari|not
bukan|Saturday
Sabtu
ﯡﯢﯣﯤﯥﯦﯧﯨﯩ
not
tidak|come to them
datang kepada mereka||thus
demikianlah|We tested them
Kami menguji mereka|because of what
disebabkan apa|they used to
mereka|they disobey
berlaku engkar|163

171

171

7 - Surah Al-A'raaf

DAILY MOTIVATION ................... more

Quranic Knowledge  

      

Dakwah Knowledge 

             

Geo - Mosque News & Stay ... more

Hist - Mosque News & Stay ...

Overview of the white Sharif Hussein Bin Ali mosque in Aqaba, along the Red Sea in Jordan

Panorama of Aqaba city in Jordan and Eilat city in Israel. View from mountain in Aqaba city in Jordan. Two city and two country in one video clip

Early Islamic Ayla (A Lost City)

Right in the city centre of Aqaba are the ruins of an old city. Known as Early Islamic Ayla, these ruins are just a small reminder of a city that was once here. While it’s merely a small area with a few brick foundation remains, it will keep archaeologists happy and as it’s free to see, backpackers can tick off another “lost city”.

At the ancient ruins of Ayla in the city of Aqaba in Jordan.

 V:  531-532    User Guide
         H: 11-12 

Geo - MOSQUE NEWS & Stay

Athens Mosque. Athens' first official mosque

- About 200,000 muslim live in Athens

- Just 1 official mosque

- About 100 unofficial make shift mosque

Greece: Athens' first mosque to open this year

Greece's largest city is the only European capital without an official mosque. Despite years of opposition from the conservatives and the Orthodox Church, that's set to change later this year.

About 100 unofficial make shift mosques in Athens

_______________________________

 

                  back to top

______________________________________________

1. TAJWEED: TARANNUM

______________________________________________

                    back to top

______________________________________________

2.TRANSLATIONS: COMMENTARIES

 

A .... ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر

B .... ENGLISH

Saheeh International

C ..... ENGLISH

Basmeih

D ..... CHINESE

Ma Jian

E ...... ARABIC: ENGLISH: ENGLISH: CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر: Saheeh International: Basmeih: Ma Jian
_____________________________________________
Celik Tafsir
Tafsir Surah al-A’raf Ayat 162 – 163 (Tangkap ikan hari Sabtu)
_____________________________________________

A ..... ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar: تفسير المیسر

١٦٠  وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمُ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أَسْبَاطًا أُمَمًا ۚ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ إِذِ اسْتَسْقَاهُ قَوْمُهُ أَنِ اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ ۖ فَانْبَجَسَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا ۖ قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَشْرَبَهُمْ ۚ وَظَلَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْغَمَامَ وَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَىٰ ۖ كُلُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ ۚ وَمَا ظَلَمُونَا وَلَٰكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ

١٦٠  وفرَّقنا قوم موسى مِن بني إسرائيل اثنتي عشرة قبيلة بعدد الأسباط -وهم أبناء يعقوب- كل قبيلة معروفة من جهة نقيبها. وأوحينا إلى موسى إذ طلب منه قومه السقيا حين عطشوا في التِّيْه: أن اضرب بعصاك الحجر، فضربه، فانفجرت منه اثنتا عشرة عينًا من الماء، قد علمت كل قبيلة من القبائل الاثنتي عشرة مشربهم، لا تدخل قبيلة على غيرها في شربها، وظلَّلنا عليهم السحاب، وأنزلنا عليهم المنَّ -وهو شيء يشبه الصَّمغ، طعمه كالعسل - والسلوى، وهو طائر يشبه السُّمَانَى، وقلنا لهم: كلوا من طيبات ما رزقناكم، فكرهوا ذلك وملُّوه من طول المداومة عليه، وقالوا: لن نصبر على طعام واحد، وطلبوا استبدال الذي هو أدنى بالذي هو خير. وما ظلمونا حين لم يشكروا لله، ولم يقوموا بما أوجب الله عليهم، ولكن كانوا أنفسهم يظلمون؛ إذ فوَّتوا عليها كل خير، وعرَّضوها للشر والنقمة.

١٦١  وَإِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمُ اسْكُنُوا هَٰذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ وَكُلُوا مِنْهَا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمْ وَقُولُوا حِطَّةٌ وَادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا نَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطِيئَاتِكُمْ ۚ سَنَزِيدُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

١٦١  واذكر -أيها الرسول- عصيان بني إسرائيل لربهم سبحانه وتعالى ولنبيهم موسى عليه السلام، وتبديلهم القول الذي أمروا أن يقولوه حين قال الله لهم: اسكنوا قرية "بيت المقدس"، وكلوا من ثمارها وحبوبها ونباتها أين شئتم ومتى شئتم، وقولوا: حُطَّ عنا ذنوبنا، وادخلوا الباب خاضعين لله، نغفر لكم خطاياكم، فلا نؤاخذكم عليها، وسنزيد المحسنين مِن خَيْرَيِ الدنيا والآخرة.

١٦٢  فَبَدَّلَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ قَوْلًا غَيْرَ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُمْ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِجْزًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَظْلِمُونَ

١٦٢  فغيَّر الذين كفروا بالله منهم ما أمرهم الله به من القول، ودخلوا الباب يزحفون على أستاههم، وقالوا: حبة في شعرة، فأرسلنا عليهم عذابًا من السماء، أهلكناهم به؛ بسبب ظلمهم وعصيانهم.

١٦٣  وَاسْأَلْهُمْ عَنِ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ حَاضِرَةَ الْبَحْرِ إِذْ يَعْدُونَ فِي السَّبْتِ إِذْ تَأْتِيهِمْ حِيتَانُهُمْ يَوْمَ سَبْتِهِمْ شُرَّعًا وَيَوْمَ لَا يَسْبِتُونَ ۙ لَا تَأْتِيهِمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَبْلُوهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ

١٦٣  واسأل -أيها الرسول- هؤلاء اليهود عن خبر أهل القرية التي كانت بقرب البحر، إذ يعتدي أهلها في يوم السبت على حرمات الله، حيث أمرهم أن يعظموا يوم السبت ولا يصيدوا فيه سمكًا، فابتلاهم الله وامتحنهم؛ فكانت حيتانهم تأتيهم يوم السبت كثيرة طافية على وجه البحر، وإذا ذهب يوم السبت تذهب الحيتان في البحر، ولا يرون منها شيئًا، فكانوا يحتالون على حبسها في يوم السبت في حفائر، ويصطادونها بعده. وكما وصفنا لكم من الاختبار والابتلاء، لإظهار السمك على ظهر الماء في اليوم المحرم عليهم صيده فيه، وإخفائه عليهم في اليوم المحلل لهم فيه صيده، كذلك نختبرهم بسبب فسقهم عن طاعة الله وخروجهم عنها.

_____________________________________________

                     back to top

____________________________________________

B .... ENGLISH

Saheeh International

١٦٠  وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمُ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أَسْبَاطًا أُمَمًا ۚ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ إِذِ اسْتَسْقَاهُ قَوْمُهُ أَنِ اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ ۖ فَانْبَجَسَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا ۖ قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَشْرَبَهُمْ ۚ وَظَلَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْغَمَامَ وَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَىٰ ۖ كُلُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ ۚ وَمَا ظَلَمُونَا وَلَٰكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ

160  And We divided them into twelve descendant tribes [as distinct] nations. And We inspired to Moses when his people implored him for water, "Strike with your staff the stone," and there gushed forth from it twelve springs. Every people knew its watering place. And We shaded them with clouds and sent down upon them manna and quails, [saying], "Eat from the good things with which We have provided you." And they wronged Us not, but they were [only] wronging themselves.

١٦١  وَإِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمُ اسْكُنُوا هَٰذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ وَكُلُوا مِنْهَا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمْ وَقُولُوا حِطَّةٌ وَادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا نَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطِيئَاتِكُمْ ۚ سَنَزِيدُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

161  And [mention, O Muhammad], when it was said to them, "Dwell in this city and eat from it wherever you will and say, 'Relieve us of our burdens,' and enter the gate bowing humbly; We will [then] forgive you your sins. We will increase the doers of good [in goodness and reward]."

١٦٢  فَبَدَّلَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ قَوْلًا غَيْرَ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُمْ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِجْزًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَظْلِمُونَ

162  But those who wronged among them changed [the words] to a statement other than that which had been said to them. So We sent upon them a punishment from the sky for the wrong that they were doing.

١٦٣  وَاسْأَلْهُمْ عَنِ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ حَاضِرَةَ الْبَحْرِ إِذْ يَعْدُونَ فِي السَّبْتِ إِذْ تَأْتِيهِمْ حِيتَانُهُمْ يَوْمَ سَبْتِهِمْ شُرَّعًا وَيَوْمَ لَا يَسْبِتُونَ ۙ لَا تَأْتِيهِمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَبْلُوهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ

163  And ask them about the town that was by the sea - when they transgressed in [the matter of] the sabbath - when their fish came to them openly on their sabbath day, and the day they had no sabbath they did not come to them. Thus did We give them trial because they were defiantly disobedient.

___________________________________________

                    back to top

_______________________________________________

C ..... ENGLISH

Basmeih

١٦٠  وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمُ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أَسْبَاطًا أُمَمًا ۚ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ إِذِ اسْتَسْقَاهُ قَوْمُهُ أَنِ اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ ۖ فَانْبَجَسَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا ۖ قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَشْرَبَهُمْ ۚ وَظَلَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْغَمَامَ وَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَىٰ ۖ كُلُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ ۚ وَمَا ظَلَمُونَا وَلَٰكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ

160  Dan kami membahagikan mereka (Bani Israil) menjadi dua belas suku, sebagai golongan-golongan besar, dan Kami wahyukan kepada Nabi Musa, ketika kaumnya meminta air kepadanya: "Pukulah batu itu dengan tongkatmu." Maka terpancarlah daripadanya dua belas mata air. Tiap-tiap golongan (di antara mereka) mengetahui tempat masing-masing. Dan Kami naungi mereka dengan awan, dan Kami turunkan kepada mereka "Mann" dan "Salwa". (Lalu Kami berfirman): "Makanlah dari baik-baik yang kami telah kurniakan kepada kamu". Dan tidaklah mereka menganiaya Kami (dengan kekufuran mereka), tetapi mereka adalah menganiaya diri mereka sendiri.

١٦١  وَإِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمُ اسْكُنُوا هَٰذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ وَكُلُوا مِنْهَا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمْ وَقُولُوا حِطَّةٌ وَادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا نَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطِيئَاتِكُمْ ۚ سَنَزِيدُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

161  Dan (ingatlah) ketika dikatakan kepada mereka: "Tinggalah dalam bandar ini dan makanlah dari makanannya apa sahaja yang kamu sukai, dan berdoalah dengan berkata: ` (Wahai Tuhan kami), gugurkanlah (dosa kami) ', dan masuklah melalui pintu (bandar) itu dengan tunduk merendah diri, supaya Kami mengampunkan dosa-dosa kamu. Kami akan menambah (balasan) bagi orang-orang yang berbuat kebaikan".

١٦٢  فَبَدَّلَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ قَوْلًا غَيْرَ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُمْ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِجْزًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَظْلِمُونَ

162  Maka orang-orang yang zalim di antara mereka menukarkan perintah itu dengan perkataan yang tidak dikatakan kepada mereka. Oleh itu, Kami turunkan azab dari langit menimpa mereka, dengan sebab kezaliman yang mereka lakukan.

١٦٣  وَاسْأَلْهُمْ عَنِ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ حَاضِرَةَ الْبَحْرِ إِذْ يَعْدُونَ فِي السَّبْتِ إِذْ تَأْتِيهِمْ حِيتَانُهُمْ يَوْمَ سَبْتِهِمْ شُرَّعًا وَيَوْمَ لَا يَسْبِتُونَ ۙ لَا تَأْتِيهِمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَبْلُوهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ

163  Dan bertanyalah kepada mereka (wahai Muhammad) mengenai (penduduk) bandar yang letaknya di tepi laut, semasa mereka melanggar larangan pada hari Sabtu, ketika datang kepada mereka pada hari Sabtu itu ikan-ikan (yang menjadi cubaan kepada) mereka, yang kelihatan timbul di muka air; sedang pada hari-hari lain, ikan-ikan itu tidak pula datang kepada mereka. Demikianlah kami menguji mereka (dengan cubaan itu) kerana mereka sentiasa berlaku fasik.

______________________________________________

                     back to top

____________________________________________

D ..... CHINESE

Ma Jian

١٦٠  وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمُ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أَسْبَاطًا أُمَمًا ۚ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ إِذِ اسْتَسْقَاهُ قَوْمُهُ أَنِ اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ ۖ فَانْبَجَسَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا ۖ قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَشْرَبَهُمْ ۚ وَظَلَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْغَمَامَ وَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَىٰ ۖ كُلُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ ۚ وَمَا ظَلَمُونَا وَلَٰكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ

160  我把他们分为十2支派,即部落。当穆萨的宗族向他求水的时候,我启示他说:你用你的手杖打那磐石吧。十二股泉水就从那磐石里涌出来,各部落都知道自己的饮水处。我以白云荫蔽他们,又降下甘露和鹌鹑给他们。(我对他们说):你们可以吃我所供给你们的佳美的食物。他们没有亏负我,但他们自亏了。

١٦١  وَإِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمُ اسْكُنُوا هَٰذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ وَكُلُوا مِنْهَا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمْ وَقُولُوا حِطَّةٌ وَادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا نَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطِيئَاتِكُمْ ۚ سَنَزِيدُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

161  当时,(我)对他们说:你们可以居住在这个城市,而任意吃其中的食物,你们应当鞠躬而入城门,并且说:『释我重负』,我就饶恕你们的种种罪过,我要厚报善人。

١٦٢  فَبَدَّلَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ قَوْلًا غَيْرَ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُمْ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِجْزًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَظْلِمُونَ

162  但他们中不义者改变了他们所奉的嘱言,故我因他们的不义而降天灾于他们。

١٦٣  وَاسْأَلْهُمْ عَنِ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ حَاضِرَةَ الْبَحْرِ إِذْ يَعْدُونَ فِي السَّبْتِ إِذْ تَأْتِيهِمْ حِيتَانُهُمْ يَوْمَ سَبْتِهِمْ شُرَّعًا وَيَوْمَ لَا يَسْبِتُونَ ۙ لَا تَأْتِيهِمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَبْلُوهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ

163  你向他们询问那个滨海城市的情况吧。当时他们在安息日违法乱纪。当时,每逢他们守安息日的时候,鱼儿就浮游到他们面前来;每逢他们不守安息日的时候,鱼儿就不到他们的面前来。由于他们不义的行为,我才这样考验他们。

_____________________________________________

                       back to top

_______________________________________________

E ...... ARABIC: ENGLISH: ENGLISH: CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar تفسير المیسر: Saheeh International: Basmeih: Ma Jian

 

_____________________________________________

                  back to top

_____________________________________________

3. LEARN ARABIC: OTHER LANGUAGES

 

فعل

مجهول

مضارع

فعل

مجهول

ماض

فعل

معلوم

مضارع

فعل

معلوم

ماض

 

يفعل

فعل

يفعل

فعل

 I

يفعل

فعل

يفعل

فعل

II

يفاعل

فوعل

يفاعل

فاعل

III

يفعل

أفعل

يفعل

أفعل

IV

يتفعل

تفعل

يتفعل

تفعل

V

يتفاعل

تفوعل

يتفاعل

تفاعل

VI

ينفعل

أنفعل

ينفعل

إنفعل

VII

يفتعل

أفتعل

يفتعل

إفتعل

VIII

يفعل

أفعل

يفعل

إفعل

IX

يستفعل

أستفعل

يستفعل

إستفعل

X

 

مصدر

فعل

النهي

فعل

الأمر

 

فعل

لاتفعل

إفعل

 I

تفعيل

لاتفعل

فعل

II

مفاعلة

لاتفاعل

فاعل

III

إفعال

لاتفعل

أفعل

IV

تفعل

لاتتفعل

تفعل

V

تفاعل

لاتتفاعل

تفاعل

VI

إنفعال

لاتنفعل

إنفعل

VII

إفتعال

لاتفتعل

إفتعل

VIII

إفعلال

 

 

IX

إستفعال

لاتستفعل

إستفعل

X

 

إسم

الألة

إسم

المكن

الزمان

إسم

المفعول

إسم

الفاعل

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعول

فاعل

I

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

II

 

مفاعل

مفاعل

مفاعل

III

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

IV

 

متفعل

متفعل

متفعل

V

 

متفاعل

متفاعل

متفاعل

VI

 

منفعل

منفعل

منفعل

VII

 

مفتعل

مفتعل

مفتعل

VIII

 

مفعل

مفعل

مفعل

IX

 

مستفعل

مستفعل

مستفعل

X

 

_____________________________________________

                 back to top

_____________________________________________

4. ANSWERING CRITIQUES ON ISLAM

_____________________________________________

                  back to top

_____________________________________________

5. DAKWAH BIL HIKMAH

_____________________________________________

                 back to top

_____________________________________________

6. REVERTER STORY

_____________________________________________

                  back to top

_____________________________________________

7. QURANIC MIRACLES 

_____________________________________________

                  back to top

_____________________________________________

8. Dakwah Songs

_____________________________________________

                  back to top

_____________________________________________

more

 

                back to top

_______________________________________________

USER GUIDE

 

HAFALAN & ULANGAN ...... KAEDAH QAWAN - ada 10 Level

All the Koran in the world is printed on 604 pages. The Qawan Method divides the Qur'an into six parts.

Method of choosing a partner .....    

1.Install pages between 2 constituents.

2.The word is not long.

3. Suitable for reading in the first and second rakaat prayers.

4. Suitable for the tazkirah after prayer.

_______________________________________________

                 back to top       

_______________________________________________

LEVEL 1

6 Horizontal Section (Horizontal - H)

Just a pair of pages between 2 constituents.

Saturday: ms 1- 100      

Sunday: ms 101 - 200

First Day: pg. 201 - 300

Tuesday: ms 301 - 400

Wednesday: ms 401 - 500

Thursday: ms 501 - 604

Friday: Review all just able

_______________________________________________

6 Vertical Parts (V) 

Only the pair of pages (ms) of the entire Qur'an, between 2 constituents that end up with a certain number

H.Sabtu: ms end 01-02

H Sunday: ms end 21-22

H.Nnin: ms end 41-42

H.Selasa: ms end 61-62

H.Rabu: ms end 81-82

H.Khamis: ms end of 99-00

Friday: Review all just able

________________________________________________

LEVEL 2 ..... coming soon

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

                  back to top

_______________________________________________

more

_____________________________________________

............... more

DAILY REMINDER

1. Quran & Hadith

2. Seerah 

3. Tabligh 6 points

4. Renowned local preachers

5. Renowned foreign preachers

______________________________________________

1. QURAN & HADITH

-------------------------------------------------- -------------------------

1: Al Fatihah: 6

  اهدنا الصراط المستقيم

HR Bukhari

وإن أحب الأعمال إلى الله ما دام وإن قل

----------------------------------------

7: Al Baqarah 2: 43

 وأقيموا الصلاة وآتوا الزكاة واركعوا مع الراكعين

HR Muslim

صلاة الجماعة أفضل من صلاة الفذ بسبع وعشرين درجة

----------------------------------------

22: Al Baqarah 2: 143

وكذلك جعلناكم أمة وسطا لتكونوا شهداء على الناس ويكون الرسول عليكم شهيدا 

HR Ibn Mājah: Sahih (Al-Albani)     

"إن الله لا يمل حتى تملوا    

--------------------------------------------

52: Ali Imran 3: 19

إن الدين عند الله الإسلام

--------------------------------------

63: Ali Imran 3: 104         

ولتكن منكم أمة يدعون إلى الخير ويأمرون بالمعروف وينهون عن المنكر وأولئك هم المفلحون

HR Muslim

 من دل على خير, فله مثل أجر فاعله 

-----------------------------------------

64: Ali Imran 3: 110

كنتم خير أمة أخرجت للناس تأمرون بالمعروف وتنهون عن المنكر وتؤمنون بالله .... 

HR Muslim

من رأى منكم منكرا فليغيره بيده, فإن لم يستطع فبلسانه, فإن لم يستطع فبقلبه, وذلك أضعف الإيمان

-------------------------------------------

74: Ali Imran 3: 185

كل نفس ذائقة الموت 

Sunan Ibn Majah ..... Grade Hasan (Darussalam)
ثم قال: يا رسول الله أى المؤمنين أفضل قال: "أحسنهم خلقا". قال فأى المؤمنين أكيس قال: " أكثرهم للموت ذكرا وأحسنهم لما بعده استعدادا أولئك الأكياس "

--------------------------------------------

87: Al Nisaa '4: 59

يا أيها الذين آمنوا أطيعوا الله وأطيعوا الرسول وأولي الأمر منكم فإن تنازعتم في شيء فردوه إلى الله والرسول إن كنتم تؤمنون بالله واليوم الآخر ذلك خير وأحسن تأويلا

HR Imam Malik in Al Muwatta
"تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما تمسكتم بهما كتاب الله وسنة نبيه

HR Abu Daud & Termidhi ... Hadith Hasan Sahih
فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء الراشدين المهديين. 

---------------------------------------------

107: Al Maidah 5: 3

اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا             

_____________________________

134: Al An'am 6: 54

.وإذا جاءك الذين يؤمنون بآياتنا فقل سلام عليكم  

HR Termizi .... Hadith Hasan Sahih
"يا أيها الناس أفشوا السلام, وأطعموا الطعام, وصلوا الأرحام وصلوا والناس نيام, تدخلوا الجنة بسلام"

--------------------------------------------

342: Al Mu'minun 23: 1-2

1.قد أفلح المؤمنون

2. الذين هم في صلاتهم خاشعون 

HR Imam Malik

وأسوأ السرقة الذي يسرق صلاته ". قالوا وكيف يسرق صلاته يا رسول الله قال" لا يتم ركوعها ولا سجودها

-----------------------------------------------

404: Al Ankabut 29: 69

  والذين جاهدوا فينا لنهدينهم سبلنا وإن الله لمع المحسنين

420: Al Ahzab 33: 21

لقد كان لكم في رسول الله أسوة حسنة لمن كان يرجو الله واليوم الآخر وذكر الله كثيرا

507: Muhammad 47: 7

  يا أيها الذين آمنوا إن تنصروا الله ينصركم ويثبت أقدامكم

560: And Tahrim 66: 6

أنفسكم وأهليكم نارا وقودها الناس والحجارة عليها ملائكة غلاظ شداد لا يعصون الله ما أمرهم ويفعلون ما يؤمرون

__________________________________________________  

2. HADITH      

2: HR Tirmidhi

مفتاح الجنة الصلاة ومفتاح الصلاة الوضوء

19: HR Bukhari
"خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه"

HR Muslim
"إذا مات الأنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث: صدقة جارية, أو علم ينتفع به, أو ولد صالح يدعو له"

 

           back to top

(HR Bukhari & Muslim: muttafaq 'alaih)

اليد العليا خير من اليد السفلى

HR Bukhari

بلغوا عنى ولو اية

__________________________________________________

3. SEARCH 

Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin' Awf:

that the Messenger of Allah said: "Abu Bakr is in Paradise, 'Umar is in Paradise,' Uthman is in Paradise, 'Ali is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise,' Abdur- Rahman bin 'Awf is in Paradise, Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Sa'eed is in Paradise, and Abu' Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise. " 

حدثنا قتيبة, حدثنا عبد العزيز بن محمد, عن عبد الرحمن بن حميد, عن أبيه, عن عبد الرحمن بن عوف, قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم "أبو بكر في الجنة وعمر في الجنة وعثمان في الجنة وعلي في الجنة وطلحة في الجنة والزبير في الجنة وعبد الرحمن بن عوف في الجنة وسعد في الجنة وسعيد في الجنة وأبو عبيدة بن الجراح في الجنة ".

Grade Sahih  (Darussalam)  

English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3747
Arabic reference  : Book 49, Hadith 4112

____________________________________________

Narrated Sa'id ibn Zayd:

AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (ﷺ) will go to Paradise, AbuBakr will go to Paradise , Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa'd ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and AbdurRahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa'id ibn Zayd.

حدثنا حفص بن عمر النمري, حدثنا شعبة, عن الحر بن الصياح, عن عبد الرحمن بن الأخنس, أنه كان في المسجد فذكر رجل عليا عليه السلام فقام سعيد بن زيد فقال أشهد على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أني سمعته وهو يقول "عشرة في الجنة النبي في الجنة وأبو بكر في الجنة وعمر في الجنة وعثمان في الجنة وعلي في الجنة وطلحة في الجنة والزبير بن العوام في الجنة وسعد بن مالك في الجنة وعبد الرحمن بن عوف في الجنة ". ولو شئت لسميت العاشر. قال فقالوا من هو فسكت قال فقالوا من هو فقال هو سعيد بن زيد.

Grade: Sahih

Reference  : Sunan Abi Dawud 4649
In-book reference  : Book 42, Hadith 54
English translation  : Book 41, Hadith 4632

___________________________________________

History of success in early Islam during the time of the Prophet and Caliph Ar Rasyidin:  

       Metallic fittings ...... less

       Conformity ....... is high

       Ten Companions of the Prophet who are guaranteed paradise ..... the rich majority, but generous .... especially Abdurrahman bin Auf RA ..... The FATONAH looking for opportunities to be the above hands 

__________________________________

4. TABLIGH 6 POINTS

 _________________________________

5. RENOWNED LOCAL PREACHERS 

1. Ustaz Azhar Idrus
2. Maulana Asri
3. Dr Rozaimi
4. Mufti Asri Zainul Abidin
5. Ust Kazim
6. Ust Ebit Lew
7. Prof Datuk Dr Muhaya
8. Ust Ismail Kamus
9. Ust Ahmad Dusuki
10. Ust Auni Mohamad

__________________________________

6. RENOWNED FOREIGN PREACHERS

1. Dr Zakir Naik
2. Nouman Ali Khan
3. Mufti Menk
4. Yasmin Mogahed
5. Hussain Yee
6. Omar Suleiman
7. Yusuf Estes
8. Moulana Tariq Jameel
9. Yasir Qadhi
10. Taqi Usmani

__________________________________

                  back to top 

quiz
Hadith : Conversation
Hadis : Perbualan

             

Translation                          

 

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

 

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: If any man is among a people in whose midst he does acts of disobedience, and, though they are able to make him change (his acts), they do not change, Allah will smite them with punishment before they die.

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ، - أَظُنُّهُ - عَنِ ابْنِ جَرِيرٍ، عَنْ جَرِيرٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَا مِنْ رَجُلٍ يَكُونُ فِي قَوْمٍ يُعْمَلُ فِيهِمْ بِالْمَعَاصِي يَقْدِرُونَ عَلَى أَنْ يُغَيِّرُوا عَلَيْهِ فَلاَ يُغَيِّرُوا إِلاَّ أَصَابَهُمُ اللَّهُ بِعَذَابٍ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَمُوتُوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Grade Hasan (Al-Albani)   حسن   (الألباني) حكم     :

Reference  : Sunan Abi Dawud 4339
In-book reference  : Book 39, Hadith 49
English translation  : Book 38, Hadith 4325

_______________________________________________

                 back to top

_______________________________________________

More Hadith                      

_______________________________________________

                 back to top

_______________________________________________

Conversation                    

_______________________________________________

                 back to top

_______________________________________________

World Islamic History : 172 H
10/6/788 - 30/5/789 CE

                    

Other Events                                   

xx

_______________________________________________

                   back to top 
_______________________________________________

Islamic Lineage                               

xxx

_______________________________________________

                   back to top
_______________________________________________

Islamic Timeline                             

1 - 100 (623 - 719)
101 - 200 (720 - 816)
201- 300 (817 - 913)
301 - 400 (914 - 1010)
401 - 500 (1011 - 1107)
501 - 600 (1108 - 1204)
601 - 700 (1205 - 1301)
701 - 800 (1302 - 1398)
801 - 900 (1399 - 1495)
901 - 1000 (1496 - 1592)
1001 - 1100 (1593 - 1689)
1101 - 1200 (1690 - 1786)
1201 - 1300 (1787 - 1883)
1301 - 1400 (1884 - 1980)
1401 - 1500 (1981 - 2078)

570 : 52 BH
  Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca
610 : 12 BH
  Revelation of the first versus of the Quran
  Ali ibn Abu Talib and Abu Bakar as Siddiq accept Islam
615 : 7 BH
  Conversion of Omar Ibn Al Khattab
620 : 2 BH
  A group of Muslims migrates to Abyssinia to escape the persecution in Mecca
622
  Prophet Muhammad migrates to Madina
  Start of the Islamic calendar
  back to top
623 
 
23 Jamadil Thani 1AH       3 Rejab 2AH
624 
 
4 Rejab 2AH                        14 Rejab 3AH
  Battle of Badr 
625
 
15 Rejab 3AH                    25 Rejab 4AH
  Battle of Uhud   
626
 
26 Rejab 4AH                      6 Syaban 5AH
  Battle of Khandaq / Battle of the Trench 
627
 
7 Syaban 5AH                  17 Syaban 6AH
  Prophet Muhammad concludes the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the Meccans
628
 
18 Syaban 6AH                 28 Syaban 7AH
  The Muslims reclaim Mecca
  The Prophet sends messages to Khosroe of Persia, Heraclius of Byzantium, Muqawqis of Egypt and the king of Yemen, inviting them to accept Islam 
629
 
29 Syaban 7AH                 10 Ramadan 8AH
630
 
11 Ramadan 8AH               21 Ramadan 9AH
631
 
22 Ramadan 10AH             2 Syawal 10AH
632
 
3 Syawal 10AH                   13 Syawal 11AH
  Farewell pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad
  The last verse of the Quran is revealed
  Defensive expedition to Tabuk against the Byzantines ends in a stalemate and commander Zaid bin Harris is killed in action
  Prophet Muhammad passes away
  The Companions establish the Caliphate to affirm the historical continuity of Islam
  Abu Bakar as Siddiq is elected the first Caliph
  Death of Fatimah az Zahra beloved daughter of the Prophet,wife of Ali ibn Abu Talib
 

back to top

633
 
14 Syawal 11AH                24 Syawal 12AH
  Abu Bakar conducts campaigns against eastern Arabs to ensure their compliance with zakat
  Rise of the false prophets
  Battle of Yamama against Musailimah Al Kazzab
  Abu Bakar authorizes the preparation of a written copy of the Quran, the Mashaf e Siddiqi
634
 
25 Syawal 12AH                5 Zulqa'dah 13AH
  Muslim armies defeat the Byzantines at the Battle of Ajnadyn
  Abu Bakar passes away
  Omar ibn Al Khattab is elected the Caliph
635
 
6 Zulqa'dah 13AH             15 Zulqa'dah 14AH
  Campaigns against eastern Roman and Persian Empires
  The Muslims capture Damascus
636
 
16 Zulqa'dah 14AH          27 Zulqa'dah 15AH
  The Persian army is defeated at the Battle of Qadasia
  The Byzantines are defeated at the Battle of Yarmuk
  Jerusalem conquered by Arab armies. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to Christians.
 

back to top

637
 
28 Zulqa'dah 15AH         8 Zulhijjah 16 AH
  The Muslims capture Madayen, capital of the Persian Empire
638
 
9 Zulhijjah 16AH            19 Zulhijjah 17AH
639
 
20 Zulhijjah 17AH           30 Zulhijjah 18AH
640
 
1 Muharam 19AH           12 Muharam 20AH
  Omar bin al As begins campaigns in Egypt
641
 
13 Muharam 20AH          22 Muharam 21AH
  Arab armies advance towards Khorasan, Afghanistan dan Sindh
642
 
23 Muharam 21AH           3 Safar 22AH
  The conquest of Egypt is completed
  Caliph Omar streamlines the administration of the vast empire
  Judical rulings of Omar ibn al Khattab and Ali ibn Abu Talib provide a basis for the sciences of Fiqh
  Persian armies defeated at the Battle of Nahawand
643
 
4 Safar 22AH                  13 Safar 23AH
  First construction of the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem
644
 
14 Safar 23AH                 25 Safar 24AH
  Caliph Omar ibn Al Khattab is assassinated
  Uthman bin Affan is elected the Caliph
645
 
26 Safar 24AH                 6 Rabiulawal 25AH
646
 
7 Rabiulawal 25AH         17 Rabiulawal 26AH
647
 
18 Rabiulawal 26AH        28 Rabiulawal 27AH
648
 
29 Rabiulawal 27AH        10 Rabiulthani 28AH
649
 
11 Rabiulthani 28AH         21 Rabiulthani 29AH
  Cyprus is captured from the Byzantines
650
 
22 Rabiulthani 29AH :        2 Jamadilawal 30AH
  Pronunciation of Quranic verses standardized
651
 
3 Jamadilawal 30AH :        12 Jamadilawal 31
652
 
13 Jamadilawal 31AH :       24 Jamadilawal 32AH
  Death of Abu Dhar al Ghifari, venerated Companion and Sufi
653
 
25 Jamadilawal 32AH :       5 Jamadilthani 33AH
654
 
6 Jamadilthani 33AH :        16 Jamadilthani 34AH
655
 
17 Jamadilthani 34AH :       27 Jamadilthani 35AH
   
656
 
28 Jamadilthani 35AH :       9 Rejab 36AH
  Caliph Uthman bin Affan is assassinated
  Ali ibn Abu Talib is elected the Caliph
  Beginning of the Civil Wars
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats dissidents under Aisha binti Abu Bakar at the Battle of the Camel  
657
 
10 Rejab 36AH          :       20 Rejab 37AH
  Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, refuses to recognize the Caliphate of Ali
  Battle of Siffin between forces of Ali and Muawiya
  Beginning of the Kharijite schism
 

back to top

658
 
21 Rejab 37AH         :        1 Syaban 38AH
  Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan
  Muawiya is declared the Caliph by his supporters in Damascus
659
 
2 Syaban 38AH        :       11 Syaban 39AH
  Truce between Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
660
 
12 Syaban 39AH       :       22 Syaban 40AH
661
 
23 Syaban 40AH       :       3 Ramadan 41AH
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib is assassinated
  Age of Khulafa e Rashidoon ends
  Muawiya claims the Caliphate
  Beginning of the Umayyad dynasty
  Imam Hassan ibn Ali retires from politics
662
 
4 Ramadan 41AH     :       14 Ramadan 42AH
663
 
15 Ramadan 42AH   :       25 Ramadan 43AH
664
 
26 Ramadan 43AH   :        7 Syawal 44AH
665
 
8 Syawal 44AH         :       18 Syawal 45AH
  Muawiya orders the buildup of a navy
666
 
19 Syawal 45AH       :       28 Syawal 46AH
667
 
29 Syawal 46AH       :       10 Zulqa'dah 47AH
  Muslim armies capture Khorasan
668
 
11 Zulqa'dah 47AH   :       21 Zulqa'dah 48AH
669
 
22 Zulqa'dah 48AH  :       2 Zulhijjah 49AH
  Death of Imam Hassan ibn Ali
670
 
3 Zulhijjah 49AH      :       12 Zulhijjah 50AH
  Uqba bin Nafi begins the conquest of North Africa
  The city of Khairaoun in North Africa is founded
671
 
13 Zulhijjah 50AH     :      23 Zulhijjah 51AH
  Muslim armies capture the island of Rhodes
  The first attempt to capture Constantinople fails
672
 
24 Zulhijjah 51AH      :     5 Muharam 53AH
673
 
6 Muharam 53AH       :    16 Muharam 54AH
674
 
17 Muharam 54AH     :     27 Muharam 55AH
675
 
28 Muharam 55AH     :      8 Safar 56AH
676
 
9 Safar 56AH              :     20 Safar 57AH
677
 
21 Safar 57AH            :      1 Rabiulawal 58AH
678
 
2 Rabiulawal 58AH      :     11 Rabiulawal 59AH
  Death of Aisha binti Abu Bakar wife of Prophet Muhammad and the source of a large number of Hadith
 

back to top

679
 
12 Rabiulawal 59AH    :      21 Rabiulawal 60AH
680
 
22 Rabiulawal 60AH     :      3 Rabiulthani 61AH
  Death of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
  Yazid son of Muawiya becomes Omayyad ruler
  The tragedy of Karbala, Hussain ibn Ali,grandson of the Prophet is martyred
  Beginning of Yawm e Ashoora
681
 
4 Rabiulthani 61AH       :     14 Rabiulthani 62AH
682
 
15 Rabiulthani 62AH     :      25 Rabiulthani 63AH
683
 
26 Rabiulthani 63AH     :       7 Jamadilawal 64AH
  Yazid sacks Madina
  Uqba bin Nafi conquers North Africa
  Death of Yazid: Muawiya II succeeds him
684
 
8 Jamadilawal 64AH      :     18 Jamadilawal 65AH
  Marwan I becomes the Caliph
685
 
19 Jamadilawal 65AH     :     28 Jamadilawal 66AH
  Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph
  Construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  Muslim armies advance into Central Asia
686
 
29 Jamadilawal 66AH     :     9 Jamadilthani 67AH
687
 
10 Jamadilthani 67AH     :     20 Jamadilthani 68AH
688
 
21 Jamadilthani 68AH     :      2 Rejab 69AH
689
 
3 Rejab 69AH                 : 13 Rejab 70AH
690
 
14 Rejab 70AH               : 24 Rejab 71AH
  Omayyad armies reach the Atlantic Ocean
691
 
25 Rejab 71AH               : 5 Syaban 72AH
  Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is completed
692
 
6 Syaban 72AH               : 17 Syaban 73AH
  Abdul Malik mints the first coins of the Islamic state
693
 
18 Syaban 73AH             : 27 Syaban 74AH
  Al Hajjaj also known as al Hajjaj the cruel becomes governor of Iraq
694
 
28 Syaban 74AH             :  8 Ramadan 75AH
  Construction of the Omayyad Mosque in Damascus
695
 
9 Ramadan 75AH            : 19 Ramadan 76AH
696
 
20 Ramadan 76AH          : 1 Syawal 77AH
697
 
2 Syawal 77AH                : 11 Syawal 78AH
698
 
12 Syawal 78AH               : 22 Syawal 79AH
699
 
23 Syawal 79AH               : 3 Zulqa'dah 80AH
  Death of Al Juhani rationalist, philosopher
  back to top
700
 
4 Zulqa'dah 80AH             : 15 Zulqa'dah 81AH
701 16 Zulqa'dah 81AH           : 26 Zulqa'dah 82AH
702 27 Zulqa'dah 82AH           : 7 Zulhijjah 83AH
703 8 Zulhijjah 83AH               : 17 Zulhijjah 84AH
704 18 Zulhijjah 84AH             : 28 Zulhijjah 85AH
705 29 Zulhijjah 85AH             : 10 Muharam 87AH
  Al Walid I becomes the Caliph and begins a vigorous expansion of the empire
706 11 Muharam 87AH           : 20 Muharam 88AH
707 21 Muharam 88AH           : 1 Safar 89AH
708 2 Safar 89AH                    : 13 Safar 90AH
709 14 Safar 90AH                  : 24 Safar 91AH
710 25 Safar 91AH                  : 6 Rabiulawal 92AH
711 7 Rabiulawal 92AH           : 16 Rabiulawal 93AH
  Tariq ibn Ziyad lands in Spain. Visigoth army under Rodriguez is defeated at the Battle of Buhayrah
  Muhammad bin Qasim lands at Debal subdues Baluchistan , Sindh , Multan and southern Punjab
712 17 Rabiulawal 93AH         : 27 Rabiulawal 94AH
  Musa ibn Nusair advances into Leon, Astoria, and Galicia
  Beginning of 780 years of Muslim rule in Andalus
  Jewish golden age in Spain
  Death of Imam Zainul Abedin
713 28 Rabiulawal 94AH         : 8 Rabiulthani 95AH
  Zaid bin Zainul Abedin organizes resistance to the Omayyads. Beginning of the Zaidi branch.
  Muslim armies capture Lyons in France
714 9 Rabiulthani 95AH          : 19 Rabiulthani 96AH
  Muhammad bin Qasim recalled from Sindh by Hajjaj bin Yusuf and imprisoned until death
  Muslims capture Normandy in France
715 20 Rabiulthani 96AH        : 29 Rabiulthani 97AH
  Sulaiman becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Musa ibn Nusair recalled from Spain by Caliph Sulaiman, stripped of all power and banished into the desert
716 1 Jamadilawal 97AH        : 12 Jamadilawal 98AH
717 13 Jamadilawal 98AH       : 23 Jamadilawal 99AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz becomes the Caliph and attempts reconciliation in the Islamic community. He lowers taxes on peasants in Persia and Egypt.
  The Byzantines repulse a second Muslim attempt to capture Constantinople.
  Spread of Islam into Persia and Egypt picks up momentum
 

back to top

718 24 Jamadilawal 99AH      : 4 Jamadilthani 100AH
719 5 Jamadilthani 100AH      : 14 Jamadilthani 101AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz is poisoned
  Yazid II becomes the Caliph
720 15 Jamadilthani 101AH     : 26 Jamadilthani 102AH
  Muslim armies cross the Pyrenees and occupy southern France
721 27 Jamadilthani 102AH    : 7 Rejab 103AH
722 8 Rejab 103AH                 : 17 Rejab 104AH
723 18 Rejab 104AH               : 28 Rejab 105AH
724 29 Rejab 105AH               :10 Syaban 106AH
  Hisham becomes the Caliph
725 11 Syaban 106AH - 21 Syaban 107AH
726 22 Syaban 107AH - 2 Ramadan 108AH
727 3 Ramadan 108AH - 13 Ramadan 109AH
728 14 Ramadan 109AH - 25 Ramadan 110AH
  Death of Hasan al Basri,well known Sufi Shaykh
729 26 Ramadan 110AH - 6 Syawal 111AH
730 7 Syawal 111AH - 16 Syawal 112AH
731 17 Syawal 112AH - 26 Syawal 113AH
  Death of Imam al Baqir
732 27 Syawal 113AH - 8 Zulqa'dah 114AH
  Charles Martel stops the Muslim advance into Europe at the Battle of Tours
733 9 Zulqa'dah 114AH - 19 Zulqa'dah 115AH
734 20 Zulqa'dah 115AH - 30 Zulqa'dah 116AH
735 1 Zulhijjah 116AH - 11 Zulhijjah 117AH
  Muslim armies advance through southern France and occupy mountain passes in Switzerland
736 12 Zulhijjah 117AH - 23 Zulhijjah 118AH
737 24 Zulhijjah 118AH - 4 Muharam 120AH
738 5 Muharam 120AH - 15 Muharam 121AH
739 16 Muharam 121AH - 25 Muharam 122AH
   
740 26 Muharam 122AH - 7 Safar 123AH
  Death of Imam Zaid bin Zain ul Abedin
741 8 Safar 123AH - 17 Safar 124AH
742 18 Safar 124AH - 28 Safar 125AH
   
743 29 Safar 125AH - 9 Rabiulawal 126AH
  Al Walid II becomes the Caliph
744 10 Rabiulawal 126AH - 21 Rabiulawal 127AH
  Abu Muslim is appointed the chief dayee of Khorasan
  Yazid III, Ibrahim and Marwan II become the Caliphs in rapid succession
745 22 Rabiulawal 127AH - 3 Rabiulthani 128AH
  Imam Jaafar as Saadiq discusses Fiqh issues in his study circles. Imam Abu Haneefa participates in these studies and benefits from them.
746 4 R.T 128AH - 13 R.T 129AH
  Beginning of the Abbasid revolution in Khorasan
747 14 R.T 129AH - 24 R.T 130AH
  Kufa falls to the Abbasids. Abu Muslim nominates Abul Abbas as the first Abbasid Caliph
748 25 R.T 130AH - 6 J.A 131AH
749 7 J.A 131AH - 16 J.A 132AH
750 17 J.A 132AH - 27 J.A 133AH
  The Abbasid Revolution
  The Abbasid forces defeat the Caliph Marwan at the Battle of Zab. The Umayyads are swept away from power and are slaughtered
  Andur Rahman I escapes to Spain
  Beginning of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. Abu Abbas al Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph
 

back to top

751 28 J.A 133AH - 8 J.T 134AH
  Battle of Tlas.The Muslim armies are victorious over the forces of the Tang Empire. China cedes Central Asia to the Caliphate
  Systematic development of Fiqh begins
752 9 J.T 134AH - 20 J.T 135AH
753 21 J.T 135AH - 1 Rej 136AH
   
754 2 Rej 136AH - 12 Rej 137AH
  Al Mansur becomes the Caliph,sends troops into China in response to a request for help from the Tang Emperor Tsung. 
755 13 Rej 137AH - 22 Rej 138AH
  The Umayyad Abdur Rahman I establishes the Umayyad Emirate in Cordoba Spain
756 23 Rej 138AH - 4 Syab 139AH
757 5 Syab 139AH - 15 Syab 140AH
   
758 16 Syab 140AH - 25 Syab 141AH
   
759 26 Syab 141AH - 6 Ramad 142AH
  The Franks recapture Narbonne from the Muslims
760 7 Ramad 142AH - 18 Ramad 143AH
  Death of Imam Ismail, son of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq
  Beginning of the Fatimid branch among Muslims
761 19 Ramad 143AH - 29 Ramad 144AH
762 30 Ramad 144AH - 10 Syaw 145AH
763 11 Syaw 145AH - 21 Syaw 146AH
  Baghdad becomes the seat of the Caliphate and the cradle of Islamic civilization
764 22 Syaw 146AH - 3 Zulqa' 147AH
765 4 Zulqa' 147AH - 13 Zulqa' 148AH
  Death of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq one of the principal sources of Fiqh. Caliph al Mansur establishes schools of translation in Baghdad.
  Muslims come into contact with Greek philosophy and Indian mathematics
766 14 Zulqa' 148AH - 24 Zulqa' 149AH
767 25 Zulqa' 149AH - 5 Zulhij 150AH
768 6 Zulhij 150AH - 16 Zulhij 151AH
  Death of Imam Abu Haneefa after whom the Hanafi school of Fiqh is named.
  Charlemagne ( 768-814) ascends the Frankish throne.
 

back to top

769 17 Zulhij 151AH - 27 Zulhij 152AH
770 28 Zulhij 152AH - 8 Muh 154AH
771 9 Muh 154AH - 19 Muh 155AH
772 20 Muh 155AH - 1 Saf 156AH
773 2 Saf 156AH - 12 Saf 157AH
774 13 Saf 157H - 22 Saf 158H
775 23 Saf 158H - 3 R.A 159H
  Al Mahdi becomes the Caliph
776 4 R.A 159H - 15 R.A 160H
777 16 R.A 160H - 25 R.A 161H
778 26 R.A 161H - 6 R.T 162H
  Charlemagne of France raids Muslim Spain
779 7 R.T 162H - 17 R.T 163H
780 18 R.T 163H - 29 R.T 164H
  Charlemagne invades German territories and converts the Germans to Christianity
781 1 J.A 164H - 11 J.A 165H
  Ibn Jabir invents the science of chemistry
782 12 J.A 165H - 21 J.A 166H
783 22 J.A 166H - 2 J.T 167H
784 3 J.T 167H - 13 J.T 168H
785 14 J.T 168H - 24 J.T 169H
  Al Hadi becomes the Caliph
786 25 J.T 169H - 5 Rej 170H
  Harun al Rashid becomes the Caliph. Golden age of Baghdad
787 6 Rej 170H - 16 Rej 171H
788 17 Rej 171H - 28 Rej 172H
  Beginning of the Idrisid dynasty in North Africa
789 29 Rej 172H - 9 Syab 173H
790 10 Syab 173H - 20 Syab 174H
  The manufacture of paper is introduced into Baghdad from China
791 21 Syab 174H - 1 Ramad 175H
792 2 Ramad 175H - 12 Ramad 176H
793 13 Ramad 176H - 22 Ramad 177H
794 23 Ramad 177H - 3 Syaw 178H
795 4 Syaw 178H - 14 Syaw 179H
  Death of Imam Malik bin Anas, after whom the Maliki school of Fiqh is named
796 15 Syaw 179H - 26 Syaw 180H
797 27 Syaw 180H - 7 Zulqa' 181H
798 8 Zulqa' 181H - 18 Zulqa' 182H
799 19 Zulqa' 182H - 29 Zulqa' 183H
  Zubaida, wife of Harun al Rashid performs the Hajj and builds rest houses for hajjis on the road
  Death of Imam Muza al Kazim
 

back to top

800 30 Zulqa' 183H - 11 Zulhij 184H
  Harun al Rashid and Charlemagne exchange ambassadors
801 12 Zulhij 184H - 21 Zulhij 185H
  The city of Fez is established
  Charlemagne begins an invasion of Muslim Spain
802 22 Zulhij 185H - 2 Muh 187H
  Death of Rabia al Adawiya one of the most celebrated spiritual luminaries and a teacher of Sufi masters
803 3 Muh 187H - 13 Muh 188H
804 14 Muh 188H - 24 Muh 189H
805 25 Muh 189H - 6 Saf 190H
806 7 Saf 190H - 17 Saf 191H
807 18 Saf 191H - 27 Saf 192H
808 28 Saf 192H - 9 R.A 193H
809 10 R.A 193H - 20 R.A 194H
  Death of Harun al Rashid. Al Amin becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
810 21 R.A 194H - 1 R.T 195H
811 2 R.T 195H - 11 R.T 196H
812 12 R.T 196H - 22 R.T 197H
813 23 R.T 197H - 4 J.A 198H
  Al Mamun succeeds his brother Al Amin as the Caliph
814 5 J.A 198H - 15 J.A 199H
  Death of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Empire in Europe begins to disintegrate
815 16 J.A 199H - 26 J.A 200H
  Al Khwarizmi invents the science of Algebra and develops the mathematics of equations
  Viking raids from the North ravage Europe
  The Abbasid Empire begins a slow process of disintegration. The Idrisids in North Africa and the Tahirids in Persia become autonomous
 

back to top

816 27 J.A 200H - 8 J.T 201H
817 9 J.T 201H - 18 J.T 202H
818 19 J.T 202H - 29 J.T 203H
  Death of Imam Ali al Rida
819 30 J.T 203H - 10 Rej 204H
820 11 Rej 204H - 21 Rej 205H
  Death of Imam al Shafie after whom the Shafie school of Fiqh is named.
  Rise of the Aghlabids in North Africa
821 22 Rej 205H - 2 Syab 206H
822 3 Syab 206H - 13 Syab 207H
  Music flourishes at the court of Cordoba under the musician al Zirhab
  The Aghlabid armies from North Africa invade Sicily
823 14 Syab 207H - 24 Syab 208H
824 25 Syab 208H - 6 Ramad 209H
825 7 Ramad 209H - 17 Ramad 210H
826 18 Ramad 210H - 28 Ramad 211H
827 29 Ramad 211H - 8 Syaw 212H
  Caliph al Mamun adopts Mutazilite doctrines as court dogma
  The Idrisids capture Crete, Sardinia and Sicily
828 9 Syaw 212H - 20 Syaw 213H
829 21 Syaw 213H - 1 Zulqa' 214H
830 2 Zulqa' 214H - 11 Zulqa' 215H
  Caliph al Mamun patronizes the Bait ul Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad and encourages translation of Greek and Sanskrit books into arabic. The Muslims develop concept of decimals in mathematics
831 12 Zulqa' 215H - 22 Zulqa' 216H
  Muslims capture Palermo Italy
832 23 Zulqa' 216H - 4 Zulhij 217H
833 5 Zulhij 217H - 15 Zulhij 218H
  Death of Al Mamun. Al Mutasim becomes the Caliph and enlists Turks into the army
834 16 Zulhij 218H - 26 Zulhij 219H
835 27 Zulhij 219H - 7 Muh 221H
  Death of Imam al Jawwad
836 8 Muh 221H - 18 Muh 222H
837 19 Muh 222H - 29 Muh 223H
838 30 Muh 223H - 10 Saf 224H
  Umayyad armies from Spain occupy Marseilles France
839 11 Saf 224H - 20 Saf 225H
840 21 Saf 225H - 3 R.A 226H
  Death of Al Khwarizmi mathematician , Sufi Shaykh
841 4 Rabiulawal 226H - 14 Rabiulawal 227H
842 15 Rabiulawal 227H - 25 Rabiulawal 228H
  Al Wathiq becomes the Caliph
843 26 Rabiulawal 228H - 6 Rabiulthani 229H
844 7 Rabiulthani 229H - 17 Rabiulthani 230H
845 18 Rabiulthani 230H - 28 Rabiulthani 231H
846 29 Rabiulthani 231H - 8 Jamadilawal 232
  The Aghlabids in North Africa occupy Pisa and conduct a raid on Rome
 

back to top

847 9 Jamadilawal 232H - 19 Jamadilawal 233H
  Al Mutawakkil becomes the Caliph abandons Mutazilite doctrines
848 20 Jamadilawal 233H - 1 Jamadilthani 234H
849 2 Jamadilthani 234H - 12 Jamadilthani 235H
850 13 Jamadilthani 235H - 23 Jamadilthani 236H
  Turkish influence in the Caliphate grows
851 24 Jamadilthani 236H - 4 Rejab 237H
852 5 Rejab 237H - 16 Rejab 238H
853 17 Rejab 238H - 26 Rejab 239H
854 27 Rejab 239H - 7 Syaban 240H
855 8 Syaban 240H - 17 Syaban 241H
  Death of Imam ibn Hanbal after whom the Hanbali school of FIqh is named
856 18 Syaban 241H - 29 Syaban 242H
857 30 Syaban 242H - 10 Ramadan 243H
858 11 Ramadan 243H - 21 Ramadan 244H
859 22 Ramadan 244H - 2 Syawal 245H
860 3 Syawal 245H - 14 Syawal 246H
   
861 15 Syawal 246H - 25 Syawal 247H
  University of Kairaouine ( established 859 CE ) in Fes Morocco. Caliph al Mutawakkil is murdered in Baghdad. Al Muntasir becomes the Caliph
862 26 Syawal 247H - 6 Zulqa'dah 248H
863 7 Zulqa'dah 248H - 16 Zulqa'dah 249H
864 17 Zulqa'dah 249H - 28 Zulqa'dah 250H
865 29 Zulqa'dah 250H - 8 Zulhijjah 251H
866 9 Zulhijjah 251H - 19 Zulhijjah 252H
  Al Mutaz becomes the Caliph
867 20 Zulhijjah 252H - 30 Zulhijjah 253H
868 1 Muharram 254H - 12 Muharram 255H
  Egypt becomes autonomous under the Tulunids
  Palermo in Sicily becomes a center of Islamic learning
  Death of Imam al Hadi
869 13 Muharram 255H - 23 Muharram 256H
870 24 Muharram 256H - 4 Safar 257H
  The Zanj workers from East Africa revolt in Iraq
  Death of Al Farabi and Al Kindi noted men of science
  Death of Al Tabari renowned physician
  The Muslims capture Malta
  Al Mutamid becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
871 5 Safar 257H - 15 Safar 258H
872 16 Safar 258H - 26 Safar 259H
873 27 Safar 259H - 7 Rabiulawal 260H
874 8 Rabiulawal 260H - 18 Rabiulawal 261H
  Death of Abul Hussain Muslim, compiler of Hadith
  Death of Imam al Askari
  Death of Al Kindi mathematician astronomer
  Death of Al Bistami one of the most celebrated Sufi Shaikhs
 

back to top

875 19 Rabiulawal 261H - 28 Rabiulawal 262H
  Hamdan Karamat starts the Karamatian movement
  The Sassanids establish themselves in Bokhara
876 29 Rabiulawal 262H - 11 Rabiulthani 263H
877 12 Rabiulthani 263H - 22 Rabiulthani 264H
878 23 Rabiulthani 264H - 3 Jamadilawal 265H
  Disappearance of Imam al Muntazar the Twelth Imam
  Beginning of belief in the hidden Imam
879 4 Jamadilawal 265H - 14 Jamadilawal 266H
880 15 Jamadilawal 266H - 25 Jamadilawal 267H
  The Aghlabids lose southern Italy to Christian forces
881 26 Jamadilawal 267H - 6 Jamadilthani 268H
882 7 Jamadilthani 268H - 16 Jamadilthani 269H
  A rebellion of the Zanj in Iraq is crushed
883 17 Jamadilthani 269H - 27 Jamadilthani 270H
884 28 Jamadilthani 270H - 9 Rejab 271H
885 10 Rejab 271H - 20 Rejab 272H
886 21 Rejab 272H - 1 Syaban 273H
887 2 Syaban 273H - 12 Syaban 274H
  Peasant revolt in China against foreigners forces out the Muslims of Canton
888 13 Syaban 274H - 23 Syaban 275H
889 24 Syaban 275H - 4 Ramadan 276H
  Death of Ibn Kutaiba historian
890 5 Ramadan 276H - 15 Ramadan 277H
  Spanish Muslims re-establish bases in southern France and conduct raids into Switzerland
891 16 Ramadan 277H - 25 Ramadan 278H
892 26 Ramadan 278H - 7 Syawal 279H
  Death of Muhammed al Tharmidi historian
  Al Mutadid becomes the Caliph
893 8 Syawal 279H - 18 Syawal 280H
  The Karamatians capture Yemen
894 19 Syawal 280H - 29 Syawal 281H
895 30 Syawal 281H - 10 Syawal 282H
896 11 Syawal 282H - 22 Zulqa'dah 283H
897 23 Zulqa'dah 283H - 3 Zulhijjah 284H
898 4 Zulhijjah 284H - 14 Zulhijjah 285H
  Imam al Hadi Yahya establishes a Zaidi state in Yemen
 

back to top

899 15 Zulhijjah 285H - 24 Zulhijjah 286H
900 25 Zulhijjah 286H - 6 Muharram 288H
  The Arabian Nights are compiled
  Improvements appear in the design and use of the Astrolabe
  The Kharijites establish a dynasty in Sijilmasa North Africa
901 7 Muharram 288H - 16 Muharram 289H
  The Samanids emerge in Khorasan Persia
902 17 Muharram 289H - 27 Muharram 290H
  Al Muktafi becomes the Caliph
903 28 Muharram 290H - 9 Safar 291H
  The Karamatians plunder Damascus
904 10 Safar 291H - 20 Safar 292H
  Muslim armies capture Solonika from the Byzantines
905 21 Safar 292H - 2 Rabiulawwal 293H
906 3 Rabiulawwal 293H - 12 Rabiulawwal 294H
907 13 Rabiulawwal 294H - 22 Rabiulawwal 295H
  Abu Abdullah Fatimid leader moves to North Africa 
908 23 Rabiulawal 295H - 4 Rabiulthani 296H
  Al Muqtadir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
909 5 Rabiulthani 296H - 15 Rabiulthani 297H
  The Fatimids establish themselves in North Africa
  Ubaidulla al Mahdi becomes the first Fatimid Caliph
910 16 Rabiulthani 297 - 25 Rabiulthani 298H
  Al Razi conducts research into infectious diseases including small pox,rabies and the plague
911 26 Rabiulthani 298H - 7 Jamadilawwal 299H
912 8 Jamadilawwal 299H - 19 Jamadilawwal 300H
  Reign of Abdul Rahman III in Spain (912 - 961). Cordoba becomes the premier city of Europe. Golden age of Spain. Science and civilization thrive.
 

back to top

913 20 Jamadilawwal 300H - 30 Jamadilawwal 301H
914 1 Jamadilthani 301H - 11 Jamadilthani 302
  Nasr al Saeed of the Samanids in Khorasan favors the Fatimids over the Abbasids
915 12 Jamadilthani 302 - 21 Jamadilthani 303H
  The Kharijites establish themselves in southern Morocco
  The Fatimids raid Egypt
916 22 Jamadilthani 303H - 3 Rejab 304H
917 4 Rejab 304H - 14 Rejab 305H
918 15 Rejab 305H - 24 Rejab 306H
919 25 Rejab 306H - 5 Syaban 307H
920 6 Syaban 307H - 17 Syaban 308H
921 18 Syaban 308H - 28 Syaban 309H
922 29 Syaban 309H - 9 Ramadan 310H
  Mansur al Hallaj Persian mystic is executed for his esoteric views
  Beginning of the Tahirid dynasty in Iraq
923 10 Ramadan 310H - 20 Ramadan 311H
  Death of Abu Tabari, noted commentator on the Quran
924 21 Ramadan 311H - 2 Syawal 312H
925 3 Syawal 312H - 12 Syawal 313H
  Death of Al Razi doctor of medicine
926 13 Syawal 313H - 22 Syawal 314H
927 23 Syawal 314H - 3 Zulqa'dah 315H
928 4 Zulqa'dah 315H - 15 Zulqa'dah 316H
929 16 Zulqa'dah 316H - 26 Zulqa'dah 317H
  In response to Fatimid claims to the Caliphate, Abdul Rahman III of Spain assumes the title of Caliph and protector of Sunni Muslims in North Africa
930 27 Zulqa'dah 317H - 8 Zulhijjah 318H
  The Karamatians raid Mecca and carry off the Hijr e Aswad from the Haram to Bahrain
931 9 Zulhijjah 318H - 18 Zulhijjah 319H
  Abdur Rahman III occupies Ceuta
  The Fatimids capture Algeria
932 19 Zulhijjah 319H - 30 Zulhijjah 320H
  The Buyids establish their rule in southern Iraq
  Al Qahir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
933 1 Muharram 321H - 11 Muharram 322H
  The Ishkedids displace the Tulunids in Egypt and rule until 969
934 12 Muharram 322H - 21 Muharram 323H
  Al Radi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Qaim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
935 22 Muharram 323H - 2 Safar 324H
936 3 Safar 324H - 14 Safar 325H
  Death of Al Ashari (874-936), highly influential theologian who reconciled Mutazilite doctrines with orthodox theology. Author of ''occasionalism' in philosophy 
937 15 Safar 325H - 25 Safar 326H
938 26 Safar 326H - 6 Rabiulawwal 327H
   
939 7 Rabiulawwal 327H - 17 Rabiulawwal 328H
  Abdul RAhman III of Spain captures Fraxinetum, Valais,Geneva, Toulon and Great St. Bernard
940 18 Rabiulawwal 328H - 28 Rabiulawwal 329H
  Extensive postal services are established by the Abbasids
  Al Muttaqi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
 

back to top

941 29 Rabiulawwal 329H - 9 Rabiulthani 330H
942 10 Rabiulthani 330H - 20 Rabiulthani 331H
943 21 Rabiulthani 331H - 1 Jamadilawwal 332H
944 2 Jamadilawwal 332H - 12 Jamadilawwal 333H
945 13 Jamadilawwal 333H - 23 Jamadilawwal 334H
  The Buyids temporarily capture Baghdad
946 24 Jamadilawwal 334H - 4 Jamadilthani 335H
  Al Mutee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Mansur becomes the Fatimid Caliph
947 5 Jamadilthani 335H - 15 Jamadilthani 336H
948 16 Jamadilthani 336H - 27 Jamadilthani 337H
949 28 Jamadilthani 337H - 8 Rejab 338H
   
950 9 Rejab 338H - 19 Rejab 339H
  Death of Al Farabi , noted scientist, philosopher, jurist,author of treatises on ethics, music and logic, Sufi Shaykh
951 20 Rejab 339H - 29 Rejab 340H
  The Ikhwan as Safa in Iraq compile an Ecyclopedia of Knowledge
952 30 Rejab 340H - 11 Syaban 341H
953 12 Syaban 341H - 21 Syaban 342H
  Al Muiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in North Africa
954 22 Syaban 342H - 2 Ramadan 342H
955 3 Ramadan 342H - 13 Ramadan 344H
  Sharp naval engagements between the navies of Al Muiz and Abdul Rahman III off the coast of Spain
956 14 Ramadan 344H - 25 Ramadan 345H
957 26 Ramadan 345H - 6 Syawal 346H
  Al Masudi, the historian, passes away
958 7 Syawal 346H - 17 Syawal 347H
959 18 Syawal 347H - 28 Syawal 348H
960 29 Syawal 348H - 9 Zulqa'dah 349H
   
961 10 Zulqa'dah 349H - 20 Zulqa'dah 350H
  Death of Abdul Rahman III
  The Oghuz family of Turks in Central Asia accepts Islam
962 21 Zulqa'dah 350H - 1 Zulhijjah 351H
  The Seljuk, Alaptagin, establishes a kingdom in Ghazna Afghanistan
963 2 Zulhijjah 351H - 11 Zulhijjah 352H
964 12 Zulhijjah 352H - 23 Zulhijjah 353H
965 24 Zulhijjah 353H - 5 Muharram 355H
966 6 Muharram 355H - 16 Muharram 356H
967 17 Muharram 356H - 26 Muharram 357H
968 27 Muharram 357H - 8 Safar 358H
  The Umayyads establish a university in Cordoba
969 9 Safar 358H - 19 Safar 359H
  The Fatimids conquer Egypt and establish the city of Cairo
970 20 Safar 359H - 29 Safar 360H
  The Fatimids capture Syria, Mecca and Madina and lay claim to the leadership of the Islamic world. Fatimid rule in Multan ( modern Pakistan ). Brisk trade between Alexandria, Egypt and Venice, Italy
971 30 Safar 360H - 10 Rabiulawwal 361H
  The Fatimids establish Al-Azhar University in Cairo
972 11 Rabiulawwal 361H - 22 Rabiulawwal 362H
973 23 Rabiulawwal 362H - 3 Rabiulthani 363H
   
974 4 Rabiulthani 363H - 14 Rabiulthani 364H
  Al Ta'ee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
975 15 Rabiulthani 364H - 25 Rabiulthani 365H
  Death of Al Muiz, Fatimid Caliph of Egypt. Al Aziz becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Muslim astronomers publish manuscripts showing constellations of stars
976 26 Rabiulthani 365H - 7 Jamadilawwal 366H
977 8 Jamadilawwal 366H - 17 Jamadilawwal 367H
978 18 Jamadilawwal 367H - 27 Jamadilawwal 368H
979 28 Jamadilawwal 368H - 8 Jamadilthani 369H
980 9 Jamadilthani 369H - 20 Jamadilthani 370H
981 21 Jamadilthani 370H - 1 Rejab 371H
982 2 Rejab 371H - 12 Rejab 372H
983 13 Rejab 372H - 23 Rejab 373H
984 24 Rejab 373H - 5 Syaban 374H
985 6 Syaban 374H - 16 Syaban 375H 
986 17 Syaban 375H - 26 Syaban 376H
987 27 Syaban 376H - 7 Ramadan 377H
988 8 Ramadan 377H - 19 Ramadan 378H
  Count Vladimir of Kiev embraces Eastern Orthodox Christianity
989 20 Ramadan 378H - 29 Ramadan 379H
990 1 Syawal 379H - 10 Syawal 380H
991 11 Syawal 380H - 21 Syawal 381H
  Al Qadir becomes the Abbasid Caliph
992 22 Syawal 381H - 4 Zulqa'dah 382H
993 5 Zulqa'dah 382H - 14 Zulqa'dah 383H
994 15 Zulqa'dah 383H - 25 Zulqa'dah 384H
995 26 Zulqa'dah 384H - 6 Zulhijjah 385H
996 7 Zulhijjah 385H - 17 Zulhijjah 386H
  Al Hakim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Pope Pious XI declares the Crusades against Muslim
997 18 Zulhijjah 386H - 28 Zulhijjah 387H
  Mahmud succeeds Alaptagin in Ghazna and dominates Central Asia
 

back to top

998 29 Zulhijjah 387H - 9 Muharram 389H
999 10 Muharram 389H - 19 Muharram 390H
 

Large scale Turkish migrations into Central Asia.

 

Kara Khani Turks occupy Bukhara.

 

Mahmud of Ghazna annexes Khorasan.

 

back to top

1000 20 Muharram 390H - 2 Safar 391H
 

Mahmud makes the first of seventeen raids into India.

 

The Chinese use gunpowder to propel arrows.

1001 3 Safar 391H - 13 Safar 392H
 

Mahmud starts campaigns to capture Peshawar, Bhera, Nagarkot, Tarain, Thaneshwar and Kanauj in India.

1002 14 Safar 392H - 23 Safar 393H
1003 24 Safar 393H - 4 Rabiulawwal 394H
1004 5 Rabiulawwal 394H - 16 Rabiulawwal 395H
 

Mahmud defeats Dawud, Fatimid ruler of Multan.

1005 17 Rabiulawwal 395H - 26 Rabiulawwal 396H
1006 27 Rabiulawwal 396H - 7 Rabiulthani 397H
1007 8 Rabiulthani 397H - 18 Rabiulthani 398H
1008 19 Rabiulthani 398H - 30 Rabiulthani 399H
1009 1 Jamadilawwal 399H - 11 Jamadilawwal 400H
1010 12 Jamadilawwal 400H - 22 Jamadilawwal 401H
1011 23 Jamadilawwal 401H - 3 Jamadilthani 402H
1012 4 Jamadilthani 402H - 15 Jamadilthani 403H
1013 16 Jamadilthani 403H - 25 Jamadilthani 404H
1014 26 Jamadilthani 404H - 6 Rejab 405H
1015 7 Rejab 405H - 16 Rejab 406H
1016 17 Rejab 406H - 28 Rejab 407H
 

The Christians reclaim Sardinia.

1017 29 Rejab 407H - 9 Syaban 408H
 

Beginning of the Druze sect in Lebanon.

1018 10 Syaban 408H - 20 Syaban 409H
1019 21 Syaban 409H - 1 Ramadan 410H
1020 2 Ramadan 410H - 13 Ramadan 411H
 

Death of Firdowsi of Persia, author of Shah Nama.

 

Mahmud establishes Lahore as the capital of Punjab.

 

Death of Fatimid Caliph al Hakim who had claimed divinity.

1021 14 Ramadan 411H - 23 Ramadan 412H
 

Al Zahir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1022 24 Ramadan 412H - 4 Syawal 413H
1023 5 Syawal 413H - 15 Syawal 414H
1024 16 Syawal 414H - 26 Syawal 415H
 

Mahmud raids temple of Somanath in Gujrat, India.

1025 27 Syawal 415H - 8 Zulqa'dah 416H
 

Al Baruni publishes Kitab ul Hind, a penetrating study of the people of India.

1026 9 Zulqa'dah 416H - 19 Zulqa'dah 417H
1027 20 Zulqa'dah 417H - 30 Zulqa'dah 418H
1028 1 Zulhijjah 418H - 12 Zulhijjah 419H
1029 13 Zulhijjah 419H - 22 Zulhijjah 420H
1030 23 Zulhijjah 420H - 3 Muharram 422H
 

Death of Mahmud of Ghazna.
Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista.

 

back to top

1031 4 Muharram 422H - 14 Muharram 423H
 

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba disintegrates. Spain breaks up into petty emirates. The Christian kingdoms of Castille, Leon and Portugal position themselves to attack the Muslim territories.

 

Al Qaim becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1032 15 Muharram 423H - 25 Muharram 424H
 

The Church of Constantinople breaks with the Church of Rome over the issue of icons in the Church.

1033 26 Muharram 424H - 6 Safar 425H
1034 7 Safar 425H - 17 Safar 426H
1035 18 Safar 426H - 28 Safar 427H
1036 29 Safar 427H - 10 Rabiulawwal 428H
 

Taghril Beg becomes Seljuk Sultan.

 

Al Mustansir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1037 11 Rabiulawwal 428H - 21 Rabiulawwal 429H
 

Death of Abu Ali ibn Sina, one of the greatest of physicians.

 

Ferdinand I, king of Castille, captures Leon.

1038 22 Rabiulawwal 429H - 2 Rabiulthani 430H
 

Death of Al Hazen, noted physicist.

1039 3 Rabiulthani 430H - 12 Rabiulthani 431H
1040 13 Rabiulthani 431H - 23 Rabiulthani 432H
1041 24 Rabiulthani 432H - 4 Jamadilawwal 433H
   
1042 5 Jamadilawwal 433H - 15 Jamadilawwal 434H
   
1043 16 Jamadilawwal 434H - 26 Jamadilawwal 435H
 

The Fatimid Empire begins to crumble. Mecca, Madina, Yemen and North Africa are lost by the Fatimids.

1044 27 Jamadilawwal 435H - 8 Jamadilthani 436H
1045 9 Jamadilthani 436H - 19 Jamadilthani 437H
1046 20 Jamadilthani 437H - 30 Jamadilthani 438H
1047 1 Rejab 438H - 11 Rejab 439H
1048 12 Rejab 439H - 22 Rejab 440H
 

Death of al Bairuni, historian, author of Kitab ul Hind.

1049 23 Rejab 440H - 3 Syaban 441H
1050 4 Syaban 441H - 14 Syaban 442H
 

The Christians advance in Sicily.

1051 15 Syaban 442H - 24 Syaban 443H
 

Beginning of the Murabitun revolution in West Africa.

1052 25 Syaban 443H - 6 Ramadan 444H
1053 7 Ramadan 444H - 17 Ramadan 445H
1054 18 Ramadan 445H - 28 Ramadan 446H
1055 29 Ramadan 446H - 9 Syawal 447H
   
1056 10 Syawal 447H - 21 Syawal 448H
 

The Seljuk Taghril Beg and the Buyid Basisiri contest the control of Baghdad.

1057 22 Syawal 448H - 2 Zulqa'dah 449H
1058 3 Zulqa'dah 449H - 12 Zulqa'dah 450H
 

Taghril Beg is anointed by Abbasid Caliph Kaim as “sultan of the east and the west” for his role in protecting the Abbasid Caliphate.

1059 13 Zulqa'dah 450H - 23 Zulqa'dah 451H
1060 24 Zulqa'dah 451H - 5 Zulhijjah 452H
 

The Seljuk Turks advance into Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

 

The Crusaders raid the coast of North Africa.

 

back to top

1061 6 Zulhijjah 452H - 16 Zulhijjah 453H
 

The Murabitun capture Morocco.

 

The Murabitun establish the city of Marrakesh as their capital.

1062 17 Zulhijjah 453H - 27 Zulhijjah 454H
1063 28 Zulhijjah 454H - 8 Muharram 456H
 

Taghril Beg dies childless. His nephew Alap Arsalan becomes the Seljuk sultan.

1064 9 Muharram 456H - 20 Muharram 457H
1065 21 Muharram 457H - 1 Safar 458H
1066 2 Safar 458H - 11 Safar 459H
1067 12 Safar 459H - 21 Safar 460H
1068 22 Safar 460H - 3 Rabiulawwal 461H
 

Beginning of the Songhay Empire in West Africa.

1069 4 Rabiulawwal 461H - 14 Rabiulawwal 462H
1070 15 Rabiulawwal 462H - 25 Rabiulawwal 463H
1071 26 Rabiulawwal 463H - 6 Rabiulthani 464H
1072 7 Rabiulthani 464H - 18 Rabiulthani 465H
 

Battle of Manzikert. The Seljuk Turks under Alap Arsalan defeat the Byzantines under Emperor Romanus and open up Anatolia for Turkish settlement.

 

The Christians capture Palermo in Sicily.

1073 19 Rabiulthani 465H - 28 Rabiulthani 466H
1074 29 Rabiulthani 466H - 9 Jamadilawwal 467H
1075 10 Jamadilawwal 467H - 20 Jamadilawwal 468H
 

The Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah retakes Syria from the Fatimids.

 

Al Muqtadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph.

1076 21 Jamadilawwal 468H - 2 Jamadilthani 469H
1077 3 Jamadilthani 469H - 12 Jamadilthani 470H
 

Birth of Abdul Qader Jeelani, celebrated Sufi sage.

1078 13 Jamadilthani 470H - 23 Jamadilthani 471H
1079 24 Jamadilthani 471H - 4 Rejab 472H
1080 5 Rejab 472H - 16 Rejab 473H
1081 17 Rejab 473H - 27 Rejab 474H
1082 28 Rejab 474H - 8 Syaban 475H
1083 9 Syaban 475H - 19 Syaban 476H
1084 20 Syaban 476H - 1 Ramadan 477H
1085 2 Ramadan 477H - 11 Ramadan 478H
 

Alfonso I of Castile captures Toledo, the ancient capital of Visigoth Spain. The extensive libraries of Toledo become accessible to Christian Europe.

1086 12 Ramadan 478H - 22 Ramadan 479H
 

The Murabitun emir, Yusuf bin Tashfin, advances into Spain at the head of a powerful African force.

 

The Nizamiya College is founded in Baghdad by Nizam ul Mulk, grand vizier to Sultan Malik Shah.

 

back to top

1087 23 Ramadan 479H - 3 Syawal 480H
 

Yusuf bin Tashfin defeats Alfonso VI at the Battle of Sagrajas.

 

The Crusaders sack Mahdiya in North Africa.

 

The assassin terror grows in Iraq and Syria.

1088 4 Syawal 480H - 14 Syawal 481H
1089 15 Syawal 481H - 25 Syawal 482H
1090 26 Syawal 482H - 7 Zulqa'dah 483H
 

Al Ghazzali teaches at NizamiyaCollege, Baghdad.

 

The Crusaders capture Malta.

 

The assassins capture Alamut in northern Syria and establish a training center for fidayees.

1091 8 Zulqa'dah 483H - 17 Zulqa'dah 484H
 

End of Muslim presence in Sicily.

 

Smyrna in Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

 

Death of Sultan Malik Shah.

 

The assassins murder grand vizier Nizam ul Mulk.

1092 18 Zulqa'dah 484H - 29 Zulqa'dah 485H
1093 30 Zulqa'dah 485H - 9 Zulhijjah 486H
1094 10 Zulhijjah 486H - 20 Zulhijjah 487H
 

Al Mustansir becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

 

Al Mustadi becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.

1095 21 Zulhijjah 487H - 1 Muharram 489H
 

Pope Urban II declares a Crusade to take Jerusalem.

 

Al Afdal, grand vizier of Fatimid Egypt, recaptures Jerusalem from Turkish emir Duqaq of Damascus.

1096 2 Muharram 489H - 13 Muharram 490H
 

The start of the First Crusade.

1097 14 Muharram 490H - 24 Muharram 491H
 

Konya Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

  The Turks retreat before the advancing Crusaders.
  The Fatimids in Egypt start negotiations with the Crusaders to divide up Seljuk territories.
1098 25 Muharram 491H - 5 Safar 492H
 

The Crusaders capture Antioch.

1099 6 Safar 492H - 16 Safar 493H
 

Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. The Muslims and the Jews are massacred. Baldwin becomes king of Jerusalem.

 

back to top

1100 17 Safar 493H - 27 Safar 494H
 

Al Ghazzali writes a powerful diatribe, Tahaffuz al Falsafa, against speculative philosophy. In Ihya al Uloom, he accords tasawwuf an honored position in the Islamic sciences.

1101 28 Safar 494H - 8 Rabiulawwal 495H
1102 9 Rabiulawwal 495H - 19 Rabiulawwal 496H
1103 20 Rabiulawwal 496H - 29 Rabiulawwal 497H
1104 1 Rabiulthani 497H - 11 Rabiulthani 498H
1105 12 Rabiulthani 498H - 22 Rabiulthani 499H
1106 23 Rabiulthani 499H - 3 Jamadilawwal 500H
 

Death of Yusuf bin Tashfin, emir of the Murabitun.

1107 4 Jamadilawwal 500H - 14 Jamadilawwal 501H
1108 15 Jamadilawwal 501H - 26 Jamadilawwal 502H
1109 27 Jamadilawwal 502H - 7 Jamadilthani 503H
1110 8 Jamadilthani 503H - 17 Jamadilthani 504H
1111 18 Jamadilthani 504H - 27 Jamadilthani 505H
 

Abu Hamid al Ghazzali dies after transforming the intellectual landscape of the Islamic world.

1112 28 Jamadilthani 505H - 10 Rejab 506H
1113 11 Rejab 506H - 20 Rejab 507H
 

Maudud, a Seljuk officer from Mosul, defeats King Baldwin of Jerusalem.

1114 21 Rejab 507H - 1 Syaban 508H
1115 2 Syaban 508H - 12 Syaban 509H
1116 13 Syaban 509H - 24 Syaban 510H
1117 25 Syaban 510H - 5 Ramadan 511H
1118 6 Ramadan 511H - 16 Ramadan 512H
 

Al Mustarshid, Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1119 17 Ramadan 512H - 26 Ramadan 513H
1120 27 Ramadan 513H - 8 Syawal 514H
1121 9 Syawal 514H - 19 Syawal 515H
1122 20 Syawal 515H - 30 Syawal 516H
1123 1 Zulqa'dah 516H - 11 Zulqa'dah 517H
 

Death of Omar al Khayyam, mathematician, mystic.

1124 12 Zulqa'dah 517H - 23 Zulqa'dah 518H
 

Death of Hassan al Sabbah, leader of the Assassins.

1125 24 Zulqa'dah 518H - 4 Zulhijjah 519H
1126 5 Zulhijjah 519H - 15 Zulhijjah 520H
 

Archbishop Raymond establishes a school in Toledo to translate Arabic books into Latin.

1127 16 Zulhijjah 520H - 25 Zulhijjah 521H
 

The Assassins murder Turkish officer Maudud.

1128 26 Zulhijjah 521H - 7 Muharram 523H
1129 8 Muharram 523H - 17 Muharram 524H
1130 18 Muharram 524H - 28 Muharram 525H
 

Death of ibn Tumart, leader of the Al Muhaddithin.

1131  29 Muharram 525H - 9 Safar 526H
1132 10 Safar 526H - 21 Safar 527H
 

Roger II of Sicily invites Muslim scholars to work at his court.

 

back to top

1133 22 Safar 527H - 2 Rabiulawwal 528H
1134 3 Rabiulawwal 528H - 13 Rabiulawwal 529H
1135 14 Rabiulawwal 529H - 24 Rabiulawwal 530H
1136 25 Rabiulawwal 530H - 6 Rabiulthani 531H
1137 7 Rabiulthani 531H - 16 Rabiulthani 532H
1138 17 Rabiulthani 532H - 26 Rabiulthani 533H
1139 27 Rabiulthani 533H - 7 Jamadilawwal 534H
 

Birth of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti, Sufi sage.

1140 8 Jamadilawwal 534H - 19 Jamadilawwal 535H
1141 20 Jamadilawwal 535H - 30 Jamadilawwal 536H
 

The Kara Kitai Turkomans defeat the Seljuks at Amu Darya.

1142 1 Jamadilthani 536H - 11 Jamadilthani 537H
1143 12 Jamadilthani 537H - 22 Jamadilthani 538H
1144 23 Jamadilthani 538H - 4 Rejab 539H
  The Seljuks, under Zengi, recapture Edessa.
  Pope Eugene declares the Second Crusade.
1145 5 Rejab 539H - 15 Rejab 540H
  The Second Crusade collapses in Anatolia but succeeds in capturing Lisbon in Portugal.
  End of the Murabitun rule in Andalus.
1146 16 Rejab 540H - 25 Rejab 541H
  The al Muhaddithin captures Morocco.
  The assassins murder Seljuk Emir Zengi.
1147 26 Rejab 541 - 6 Syaban 542H
1148 7 Syaban 542H - 17 Syaban 543H
1149 18 Syaban 543H - 28 Syaban 544H
 

Al Zafir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1150 29 Syaban 544H - 9 Ramadan 545H
 

The University of Paris is established.

1151 10 Ramadan 545H - 20 Ramadan 546H
 

Al Idrisi constructs a map of the then known world.

1152 21 Ramadan 546H - 3 Syawal 547H
1153 4 Syawal 547H - 13 Syawal 548H
1154 14 Syawal 548H - 24 Syawal 549H
  The Kurdish officer Nuruddin, in Seljuk service, takes Damascus.
  Al Faiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.
1155 25 Syawal 549H - 5 Zulqa'dah 550H
1156 6 Zulqa'dah 550H - 16 Zulqa'dah 551H
1157 17 Zulqa'dah 551H - 27 Zulqa'dah 552H
 

The al Muhaddithin captures Andalus.

1158 28 Zulqa'dah 552H - 8 Zulhijjah 553H
1159 9 Zulhijjah 553H - 19 Zulhijjah 554H
1160 20 Zulhijjah 554H - 1 Muharram 556H
  Al Mustanjid becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
  Al Adid, the last of the Fatimids, becomes the Caliph in Cairo.
1161 2 Muharram 556H - 12 Muharram 557H
1162 13 Muharram 557H - 22 Muharram 558H
1163 23 Muharram 558H - 3 Safar 559H
 

The Seljuks and the Crusaders compete for influence in Fatimid Egypt.

1164 4 Safar 559H - 15 Safar 560H
1165 16 Safar 560H - 25 Safar 561H
1166 26 Safar 561H - 6 Rabiulawwal 562H
  Death of Shaykh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad, called Shaykh ul Mashaiq, founder of the Qadariya Sufi order.
  Death of the geographer, al Idrisi.
1167 7 Rabiulawwal 562H - 17 Rabiulawwal 563H
  Establishment of Oxford University in England.
 

back to top

1168 18 Rabiulawwal 563H - 29 Rabiulawwal 564H
1169 30 Rabiulawwal 564H - 10 Rabiulthani 565H
1170 11 Rabiulthani 565H - 21 Rabiulthani 566H
  Salahuddin takes Egypt from the Fatimids.
  Al Mustadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1171 22 Rabiulthani 566H - 2 Jamadilawwal 567H
  End of the Fatimid era. Egypt reverts to the Abbasid Caliphate.
1172 3 Jamadilawwal 567H - 13 Jamadilawwal 568H
1173 14 Jamadilawwal 568H - 24 Jamadilawwal 569H
  Ghiasuddin Ghori established the kingdom of Ghor in Afghanistan.
1174 25 Jamadilawwal 569H - 5 Jamadilthani 570H
1175 6 Jamadilthani 570H - 15 Jamadilthani 571H
  Salahuddin consolidates his hold on Syria and Egypt.
  Death of Ahmed al Rifai, founder of the Rifaiyah Sufi brotherhood.
1176 16 Jamadilthani 571H - 27 Jamadilthani 572H
1177 28 Jamadilthani 572H - 9 Rejab 573H
  Muhammed Ghori adds Multan, Uch, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh to his dominions.
1178 10 Rejab 573H - 19 Rejab 574H
1179 20 Rejab 574H - 1 Syaban 575H
  Muhammed Ghori starts campaigns to capture Peshawar and Sialkot.
1180 2 Syaban 575H - 12 Syaban 576H
1181 13 Syaban 576H - 22 Syaban 577H
1182 23 Syaban 577H - 3 Ramadan 578H
  Khwaja Muhammed Ghouse of Sindh introduces the Qadariya order into India and Pakistan.
1183 4 Ramadan 578H - 14 Ramadan 579H
1184 15 Ramadan 579H - 25 Ramadan 580H
1185 26 Ramadan 580H - 6 Syawal 581H
1186 7 Syawal 581H - 17 Syawal 582H
1187 18 Syawal 582H - 28 Syawal 583H
  Battle of Hittin. Salahuddin triumphs and recaptures Jerusalem.
  Muhammed Ghori captures Lahore.
1188 29 Syawal 583H - 11 Zulqa'dah 584H
  Pope Clement III launches the Third Crusade.
1189 12 Zulqa'dah 584H - 21 Zulqa'dah 585H
  Khwaja Moeenuddin Chisti moves to Ajmer, India and establishes the Chistiya order.
1190 22 Zulqa'dah 585H - 2 Zulhijjah 586H
  King Richard of England proposes a marriage between his sister and Saifuddin, brother of Salahuddin and for the two together to rule Jerusalem. The proposal is opposed by the Crusaders and is abandoned.
1191 3 Zulhijjah 586H - 12 Zulhijjah 587H
  Accra surrenders to the Crusaders after a long siege.
  Mohammed Ghori suffers a defeat at the Battle of Tarain and is forced to withdraw towards Kabul.
1192 13 Zulhijjah 587H - 24 Zulhijjah 588H
  Muhammed Ghori, victorious over the Rajputs, captures Delhi. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi is slain.
1193 25 Zulhijjah 588H - 5 Muharram 590H
 

Salahuddin passes away and is buried in Damascus.

1194 6 Muharram 590H - 16 Muharram 591H
1195 17 Muharram 591H - 27 Muharram 592H
1196 28 Muharram 592H - 9 Safar 593H
  The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos.
1197 10 Safar 593H - 20 Safar 594H
1198 21 Safar 594H - 1 Rabiulawwal 595H
  Death of ibn Rushd, of the great world philosophers.
1199 2 Rabiulawwal 595H - 11 Rabiulawwal 596H
  Pope Innocent III declares the Fourth Crusade.
 

back to top

1200 12 Rabiulawwal 596H - 22 Rabiulawwal 597H
  Islam takes roots in Indonesia.
  Alauddin Muhammed becomes the Shah of Khwarazm.
  The Crusaders capture Valencia.
  Cambridge University is established in England.
1201 23 Rabiulawwal 597H - 3 Rabiulthani 598H
  The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.
1202 4 Rabiulthani 598H - 14 Rabiulthani 599H
  The Delhi Sultanate is established.
1203 15 Rabiulthani 599H - 25 Rabiulthani 600H
  Death of Nizami, well known Farsi poet.
1204 26 Rabiulthani 600H - 7 Jamadilawwal 601H
  The Crusaders, led by Dondolo of Venice, sack Constantinople and loot its treasures.
  Johan Shah, ruler of Sumatra, accepts Islam.
1205 8 Jamadilawwal 601H - 18 Jamadilawwal 602H
  The Turkoman Kara Kitai defeats Mohammed Ghori.
  The Ghorids put down a rebellion in the Punjab.
1206 19 Jamadilawwal 602H - 29 Jamadilawwal 603H
  Genghiz Khan becomes the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes.
  The assassins murder Muhammed Ghori.
  The Delhi sultans advance towards Bengal.
1207 30 Jamadilawwal 603H - 10 Jamadilthani 604H
1208 11 Jamadilthani 604H - 21 Jamadilthani 605H
1209  
1210  
1211 : 608 AH
  Altumish ascends the throne of Delhi.
1212 : 609 AH
  The Crusaders defeat the al Muhaddith at the Battle of Las Novas de Tolosa.
1213  
1214  
1215 : 612 AH
  Genghiz Khan captures northern China; learns the use of gunpowder from the Chinese.
1216  
1217  
1218 : 615 AH
  The Fifth Crusade is directed against Egypt. The Egyptians open the Nile docks and drown the invaders.
1219 : 616 AH
  Genghiz Khan invades the territories of Shah Muhammed of Khorasan.
1220 : 617 AH
  Genghiz Khan devastates Central Asia.
1221 : 618 AH
  Genghiz Khan destroys Persia and Afghanistan.
  Prince Jalaluddin faces the Khan at the Battle of the Indus.
1222 : 619 AH
  Genghiz Khan returns to Mongolia.
1223 : 620 AH
  Ibn al Athir, celebrated historian, passes away.
 

back to top

1224  
1225  
1226  
1227 : 624 AH
  Death of Genghiz Khan. The Mongols continue their advance through West Asia and Eastern Europe.
1228 : 625 AH
  The Sixth Crusade, directed at Egypt and led by Emperor Frederick II of Germany fails.
1229  
1230 : 627 AH
  Sundiata starts consolidation of the Empire of Mali.
1231  
1232  
1233  
1234  
1235 : 632 AH
  Baba Fareed of Lahore becomes heads of the Chistiya order in India.
1236 : 633 AH
  Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, falls to the Crusaders.
  Razia rules as Queen of India.
  Death of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, the most celebrated awliya of the subcontinent.
  Al Mustansir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad.
1237  
1238  
1239  
   
1240 : 637 AH
  Death of ibn al Arabi, renowned Sufi Shaykh.
  Roger Bacon teaches in England.
1241  
1242 : 639 AH
  Al Musta’sim becomes the 37th and the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1243  
1244  
1245 : 643 AH
  At the Council of Lyons, Christian Europe resolves to seek an alliance with the Mongols against the Muslims. A Franciscan priest, John de Plano Carpini, arrives at the Mongol court to seek military assistance.
1246  
1247  
1248 : 646 AH
  Seville in Spain falls to the Christians.
  Ibn Ahmar starts the Nasirid dynasty in Granada.
1249 : 647 AH
  The Seventh Crusade, directed at Egypt by the Franks, is beaten back.
1250 : 648 AH
  Shajarat al Durr rules as Queen of Egypt.
1251 : 649 AH
  Hulagu Khan becomes the Mongol lord of Persia and Central Asia.
1252  
1253  
1254  
1255  
1256 : 654 AH
  Hulagu Khan destroys the Assassins.
1257 : 655 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, celebrated Farsi poet.
  Nizamuddin Awliya becomes head of the Chishtiya order in Delhi. Islam spreads in India.
1258 : 656 AH
  Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad. End of the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The curtain falls on the classic Islamic civilization. Caliph al Musta’sim is killed.
  Death of Ali al Shadhuli, founder of the Shadhuli Sufi order.
1259  
1260 : 658 AH
  Kublai Khan ascends the throne of China. Many capable Muslims work at the court of the Great Khan.
  Hulagu Khan storms Aleppo and massacres its inhabitants.
1261 : 659 AH
  The Mamlukes of Egypt install Al Mustansir as the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo.
  The Mamluke, Zahir Baybars of Egypt, defeats a combined army of Mongols, Armenians and Crusaders at the Battle of Ayn Jalut.
 

back to top

1262  
1263  
1264  
1265 : 663 AH
  Death of Hulagu Khan.
1266  
1267  
1268  
1269 : 667 AH
  The Merinide al Yakub captures Marrakesh.
1270  
1271  
1272  
1273 : 671 AH
  Death of Jalaluddin Rumi, author of Mathnavi, the most celebrated of Farsi poets and founder of the Maulavi Sufi order.
1274 : 672 AH
  Death of al Tusi, astronomer and inventor of the 2-axis gimbal.
  Emir al Yaqub of the Merinides defeats the Christians at the Battle of Ecija.
1275  
1276  
1277 : 676 AH
  Sultan Baybars defeats the Mongol armies at the Battle of Abulistan.
1278 : 677 AH
  Death of Sultan Baybars.
1279  
1280  
1281  
1282  
1283  
1284  
1285  
1286  
1287  
1288  
1289 : 688 AH
  The Mamlukes captures Acre, last Crusader stronghold in Syria.
1290 : 689 AH
  Sultan Malik Shah rules in Sumatra.
1291 : 690 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, well known Farsi poet.
1292  
1293  
1294 : 693 AH
  Marco Polo returns to Italy from journey to the East.
1295 : 694 AH
  Ghazan the Great, the Il Khan Emperor, accepts Islam.
 

back to top

1296  
1297  
1298  
1299  
   
1300 : 699 AH
  Alauddin Khilji consolidates his empire over the subcontinent. Malik Kafur advances into southern India.
1301 : 700 AH
  Uthman Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman Empire, consolidates his holdings around Burs and Eskishehir; he defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yalakova.
  The Mamlukes triumph over the Il Khans at the Battle of Marj as Suffar.
1302  
1303  
1304  
1305  
1306  
1307 : 706 AH
  Mansa Musa becomes emperor of Mali.
1308  
1309  
1310  
1311  
1312  
1313  
1314  
1315  
1316 : 716 AH
  Death of Alauddin Khilji, emperor of India.
1317  
1318  
1319  
1320 : 720 AH
  The Khilji dynasty in India collapses.
  Beginning of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1321  
1322  
1323  
1324 : 724 AH
  Mansa Musa performs his hajj with an entourage of 12000.
1325 : 725 AH
  Death of Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi.
  Ibn Batuta begins his journey around the world.
  Death of Amir Khusroe ,famed Sufi poet of India
1326 : 726 AH
  Death of Uthman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. His successor Sultan Orkhan captures Bursa.
  Death of ibn Taymiyah, noted scholar, considered to be the founder of the “salafi” school of thought.
1327  
1328  
1329  
1330  
1331  
1332  
1333 : 733 AH
  Yusuf I becomes emir of Granada, breaks with Castille, forms an alliance with the sultan of Morocco and makes a last attempt to capture Spain from the Christians.
1334 : 734 AH
  Ibn Batuta arrives in Delhi.
  Death of Shaykh Safiuddin Ishaq, after whom the Safavid dynasty of Persia is named.
1335 : 735 AH
  Death of Abu Said, Il Khanid Prince.
1336  
1337  
1338  
1339  
   
1340 : 740 AH
  The Yuan Emperor Toghon Timur of China sends an embassy to the court of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India.
  The Merinide navy defeats the Spaniards at the Battle of Tarifa.
 

back to top

1341 : 742 AH
  Death of Sultan ibn Qalawun of Egypt.
1342  
1343  
1344  
   
1345 : 746 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits Sultan Malik al Zahir of Pasai Indonesia.
1346 : 747 AH
  The Black Plague devastates Europe.
1347  
1348  
1349  
1350  
   
1351 : 752 AH
  Death of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India. The Tughlaq Empire begins to disintegrate.
1352  
1353  
   
1354 : 755 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits the Empire of Mali.
  The Ottomans capture Gallipoli and Ankara.
1355 : 756 AH
  Ibn Batuta returns to Tangier. The Merinide Sultan Abu Inan authorizes the writing of the Rehla of Ibn Batuta.
  The Genoese briefly occupy Tripoli, Libya.
1356  
1357 : 758 AH
  The Ottomans capture Erdirne.
1358  
1359  
1360  
1361  
1362  
1363  
1364  
1365  
1366  
1367  
1368 : 769 AH
  Timurlane, elected the leader of the Tatars, consolidates his hold on the valley of Farghana in Uzbekistan.
1369 : 770 AH
  Death of ibn Batuta.
1370  
1371  
1372  
1373  
1374  
1375 : 777 AH
  Dimitrius, Count of Moscow, wins a victory over the Tatar Golden Horde.
1376 : 778 AH
  The Golden Horde burns down Moscow.
1377  
1378  
1379  
   
1380 : 782 AH
  Timurlane begins his first campaign in Persia.
  Shaykh Awliya Karim al Maqdum introduces Islam into Mindanao, the Philippines.
  Kara Muhammed, leader of the Turkish tribe Kara Kuyunlu, establishes his kingdom near Mosul.
1381 : 783 AH
  The Ottomans capture Bulgaria.
1382  
1383  
1384  
1385 : 787 AH
  The Ottomans capture Thrace.
1386  
1387 : 789 AH
  Timurlane invades Russia and destroys the power of the Golden Horde. Russia begins its long march towards political consolidation.
1388  
1389 : 791 AH
  Bayazid I becomes the Ottoman sultan, defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosova.
  Death of Hafiz, one of the greatest of Farsi poets.
  Death of Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tareeqa of Bukhara.
1390 : 792 AH
  A combined French and Genoese force attacks Mahdiya, Tunisia.
1391 : 793 AH
  Bayazid I attacks Constantinople.
 

back to top

1392  
1393  
1394  
1395  
1396 : 798 AH
  Bayazid defeats the Crusader armies at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1397  
1398 : 800 AH
  Timur sacks Isfahan, Persia.
1399 : 801 AH
  Timur invades India, sacks Delhi, India.
  Castille sacks Tetuan, Morocco.
 

back to top

1400 : 802 AH
  Bayazid I lays siege to Constantinople.
1401 : 803 AH
  Timur defeats the Mamlukes of Egypt.
  Damascus surrenders to the Tatars.
  Timur sacks Baghdad.
1402 : 804 AH
  Timur defeats Bayazid I at the Battle of Ankara.
  Sulaiman I becomes the Ottoman sultan. 
  Sultan Iskander Shah expels the Thais from Malaya.
1403  
1404 : 806 AH
  Timur embarks on an expedition to China.
1405 : 807 AH
  Timurlane dies en route to China; his son Shah Rukh succeeds him. 
1406 : 809 AH
  Sultan Sikander Shah of Malaysia accepts Islam.
  The great Chinese Admiral Zheng Yi (commonly known as Admiral Ho), a Muslim, sails to Malaya, Indonesia, India, Persia, Yemen, East Africa and the Cape of Good Hope with a fleet of 50 great ships.
  Death of ibn Khaldun, author of Muqaddamah.
1407  
1408  
1409 : 812 AH
  Shah Rukh, heir to Timurlane, occupies Samarqand.
1410 : 813 AH
  Kara Yusuf establishes the Kara Kuyunlu kingdom around Tabriz, Persia.
  Death of Gaysu Daraz, Sufi shaykh of the Deccan, India.
1411 : 814 AH
  Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya visits China at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor.
  Prince Mehmet begins the reconsolidation of the Ottoman Empire after the disastrous defeat in the Battle of Ankara.
1412  
1413  
1414  
1415 : 818 AH
  The Portuguese capture Ceuta in Morocco.
1416  
1417  
1418  
1419  
1420 : 823 AH
  Shah Rukh consolidates his hold on Persia.
1421 : 824 AH
  Murad II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1422 : 825 AH
  Murad II lays unsuccessful siege to Constantinople.
1423  
1424 : 827 AH
  Death of Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya.
1425 : 828 AH
  Tangier in Morocco, captured by the Portuguese.
1426  
1427  
1428  
1429  
1430 : 833 AH
  The Portuguese acquire the technology to sail against the wind from the Venetians.
1431  
1432 : 835 AH
  Portuguese captain Diaz sails around Cape Bajador in West Africa.
1433  
1434 : 837 AH 
  Death of Shah Rukh. Persia disintegrates. The Kara Kuyunlu and Aq Kuyunlu expand their territories.
 

back to top

1435  
1436  
1437  
1438  
1439  
1440  
   
1441 : 845 AH
  First slave raid by the Portuguese in southern Morocco directed against Muslims.
1442  
1443 : 847 AH
  The Portuguese capture the island of Tristao off the coast of West Africa, later to gain notoriety in the Atlantic slave trade.
1444 : 848 AH
  Ottomans armies march into Hungary.
  Murad II defeats combined armies of Hungary, Wallachia and Venice at the Battle of Varna.
  The Portuguese Lagos Company chartered under Prince Henry.
1445 : 849 AH
  Printing is introduced into Europe. Portuguese sailor Diaz sails around West Africa.
1446  
1447  
1448  
1449  
1450  
1451 : 855 AH
  Mehmet II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Shaykh Rahmat converts the Majapahit ruler (Indonesia) Raja Kertawijaya to Islam.
  Islam spreads rapidly in Java.
1452  
1453 : 857 AH
  Mehmet II conquerors Constantinople, renames it Istanbul and makes it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1454  
1455 : 859 AH
  The Venetians sail to the delta of the Gambia River.
1456 : 860 AH
  Mehmet II captures Athens, Greece.
  The Portuguese arrive at the mouth of the Gambia River.
1457  
1458 : 862 AH
  The Portuguese occupy the fortress of al Qasr, Morocco.
1459  
1460 : 864 AH
  King Alfonso of Portugal authorizes Fernao Gomes to explore the western coast of Africa.
1461 : 865 AH
  Leonardo da Vinci begins his work in Venice.
1462  
1463 : 867 AH
  Mehmet II conquers Bosnia. Mosque of Sultan Mehmet II constructed in Istanbul.
1464  
1465 : 869 AH
  Death of al Jazuli, Sufi Shaykh in Morocco.
1466  
1467 : 871 AH
  Herzegovina conquered by Mehmet II.
  Uzun Hassan, leader of Aq Quyunlu defeats Jehan Shah, leader of the Kara Quyunlu. Jehan Shah dies in battle.
1468  
1469  
1470  
1471 : 876 AH
  Tangiers occupied by Portugal.
  Portugal occupies Arzila on the West coast of Morocco.
1472  
1473 : 878 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II defeats the Aq Kuyunlu Sultan Uzun Hassan. Portuguese captain Sequira sails to Benin, Nigeria.
1474 : 879 AH
  Commercial town of Kedah, in Indonesia, becomes Muslim.
1475 : 880 AH
  War between Spain and Portugal over rights to the Canary Islands.
1476  
1477  
   
1478 : 883 AH
  Kara Quli, a descendant of Jehan Shah, flees to India and establishes the Qutubshahi dynasty near Hyderabad.
  Death of Uzun Hassan, Aq Quyunlu Sultan.
  Turmoil in western Persia.
1479 : 884 AH
  Consolidation of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella.
1480 : 885 AH
  The Ottomans capture the island of Rhodes.
1481 : 886 AH
  Bayazid II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
 

back to top

1482 : 887 AH
  Ferdinand of Spain attacks al Hama.
1483 : 888 AH
  Civil wars in Granada.
  Ferdinand captures Malaga, Spain.
1484 : 889 AH
  The Portuguese appear at the delta of the Congo River.
1485  
1486  
1487 : 892 AH
  Portuguese sailor Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
1488 : 893 AH
  Malaga, one of the last Nasirid strongholds, falls to Castille.
1489 : 894 AH
  Adil Shah becomes Sultan of Bijapur, India
1490 : 895 AH
  Ferdinand lays siege to Granada, called Santa Fe (Holy Faith).
1491  
1492 : 897 AH
  Columbus discovers America.
  Granada falls to the Christians.
  Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
  The Jews are expelled from Spain.
  Sultan Bayazid II takes Hungary.
  Lodhi Sultanate established in Delhi.
  Death of Abdur Rahman Jami, well known Farsi poet.
1493 : 898 AH
  Abu Abdallah, commonly known as Boabdil, last emir of Granada, leaves Spain.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes Emperor of Songhay.
1494 : 899 AH
  At the Treaty of Tordesillas arranged by Pope Alexander VI, Portugal and Spain agree to divide up the world for conquest.
1495 : 900 AH
  Shaykh Putah introduces Islam into the Celebes islands and western New Guinea.
1496 : 901 AH
  Vasco da Gama, sails around the Cape of Good Hope and with the help of Muslim navigator Ahmed ibn Majid, discovers route to Malabar, India.
1497 : 902 AH
  Zahiruddin Babur loses Samarqand.
  Askiya Muhammed moves the capital of Songhay to Gao on the Niger River.
1498  
1499 : 904 AH
  Ottoman navy defeats the Venetians, takes Lepanto, off the coast of Greece.
1500 : 905 AH
  Muslims in Granada resist the Spanish Inquisition.
  Spain institutes forced slavery in Cuba.
1501 : 906 AH
  Shah Ismail I, with the help of the Safaviyya Sufi order, establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
  The Uzbek Shaibani Khan evicts Zahiruddin Babur from Samarqand.
1502 : 907 AH
  Second voyage of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. The Portuguese bombard the city-states of East Africa, destroy the port city of Cochin, India and force the Raja of Cochin to expel Muslim traders.
  The Portuguese capture Shofala, East Africa.
  Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  Inquisition against the Muslims in Spain.
 

back to top

1503  
1504 : 910 AH
  Babur takes Kabul, Afghanistan.
  Death of al Maghili, influential thinker from North Africa.
1505 : 911 AH
  Spain occupies Mars al Kabir, Algeria.
  The Portuguese occupy Agadir Morocco and build the fort of Santa Cruz.
  Portuguese captain Almeida raids Kilwa, Tanzania.
1506  
1507 : 913 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Safi, Morocco.
  The Portuguese occupy Bab el Mandap at the entrance to the Red Sea.
1508 : 914 AH
  A Mamluke fleet defeats the Portuguese off the coast of Chaul near modern Karachi.
  Spain occupies Oran, Algeria.
1509 : 915 AH
  The Mamlukes defeat the Portuguese navy off the coast of Yemen.
  Shah Ismail I defeats the Uzbek Shaibani Khan at the Battle of Merv.
  Spain occupies Bogie, Tunisia.
  The first batch of slaves bought in Lisbon for transportation to America.
1510  
1511 : 917 AH
  The Portuguese take Goa, India, and make it the capital of their operations in the Indian Ocean.
  The Inquisition is instituted against Hindus and Muslim in India.
  Spain destroys Tripoli, Libya.
  The Ottomans crush a Qazilbash uprising in eastern Anatolia at the Battle of Sivas.
1512 : 918 AH
  Selim I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Malacca.
  Tlemcen in North Africa becomes a protectorate of Spain.
  The Uzbeks defeat the Safavids at the Battle of Khuzduvan and take Khorasan.
1513  
1514 : 920 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats Shah Ismail I at the Battle of Chaldiran.
1515 : 921 AH
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Hormuz in Persia.
  The Portuguese control the entire Atlantic coastline of Morocco.
  First shipload of sugar from Cuba arrives in Spain.
1516 : 922 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Bahrain and Oman.
  The Ottomans capture Mosul.
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats the Mamlukes at the Battle of Marj Dabik in Syria.
1517 : 923 AH
  Selim I occupies Cairo.
  Egypt becomes a province of the Ottoman Empire.
  The Caliphate moves to Istanbul.
  Selim I becomes the first Ottoman Caliph of Islam.
  Muhammed al Mahdi becomes Sa’adid Sultan of Morocco.
  Martin Luther begins Protestant reformation in Germany.
  The Portuguese capture Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  The King of Spain grants license to import African slaves into America.
  Ibrahim Lodhi becomes Sultan of Delhi.
1518  
1519 : 925 AH
  Death of Leonardo da Vinci.
  Mexican silver flows into Europe.
 

back to top

1520 : 926 AH
  Sulaiman the Magnificent becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1521 : 927 AH
  Sulaiman captures Belgrade.
  Cortez destroys the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
1522 : 928 AH
  Sulaiman captures Rhodes. Spain captures Central America.
1523  
1524  
1525 : 931 AH
  Death of Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  Tahmasp I becomes Safavid ruler of Persia.
  Babur takes Lahore, Pakistan.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent orders a reorganization of the Ottoman fleet to challenge the Spaniards and the Portuguese.
1526 : 932 AH
  Babur captures Delhi; the Moghul dynasty is born. Sulaiman the Magnificent defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Mohacs.
1527 : 933 AH
  Babur defeats Rajput armies at the Battle of Khanua.
1528 : 934 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman captures the city of Buda in Hungary.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes blind and is deposed as the Emperor of Songhay.
1529 : 935 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman lays siege to Vienna, Austria.
1530 : 936 AH
  Death of Zahiruddin Babur. His son Humayun ascends the Moghul throne in Delhi.
  The Englishman William Hawkins raids the Ivory Coast.
1531  
1532  
1533  
1534 : 940 AH
  Khairuddin, admiral of the Ottoman fleets, recaptures Tunis.
  Henry VIII takes the Church of England out of the orbit of Rome.
1535 : 941 AH
  Sulaiman Pasha, Ottoman governor of Egypt, drives the Portuguese from Yemen.
  The English Parliament passes laws against loitering in London.
  John Calvin preaches the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
  Stock Exchange is established in London.
1536 : 943 AH
  Khairuddin raids Valencia, Spain.
1537 : 944 AH
  Khairuddin captures Otranto, Italy and threatens Rome.
1538 : 945 AH
  Khairuddin victorious over combined navies of Venice and the Vatican at the Battle of Prevesa.
1539  
1540 : 947 AH
  Spain colonizes the Philippines.
  Destruction of religious relics in England. Beginning of the end of feudalism in England.
  Sher Shah Suri defeats Moghul Emperor Humayun and displaces him from the throne of Delhi until 1555.
1541 : 948 AH
  Charles V of Spain strikes at the Algerian coast.
  Ottoman Admiral Khairuddin takes Otranto, Italy.
  Muhammed al Saadi drives the Portuguese from the fort of Santa Cruz in Morocco.
 

back to top

1542 : 949 AH
  Increasing tribal warfare in West Africa.
1543  
1544  
1545  
1546 : 953 AH
  Death of Khairuddin. Piri Rais becomes admiral of Ottoman navies.
1547  
1548  
1549  
   
1550 : 957 AH
  Kingdom of Acheh in Indonesia is founded. Islam spreads in the Archipelago.
1551 : 958 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tripoli.
  Piri Rais challenges the Portuguese blockage of the Straits of Hormuz.
1552  
1553 : 960 AH
  Thomas Wyndham of England raids the coast of West Africa.
1554 : 961 AH
  John Lock of England raids the Ivory Coast.
1555  
1556  
1557 : 964 AH
  The Ottomans occupy Masawa, Eritrea.
1558 : 965 AH
  Akbar becomes Moghul Emperor of India.
1559  
1560 : 967 AH
  Akbar adds Malwa, Chitoor, Rathambur, Gujrat and Bengal to the Moghul Empire (1560-1574).
  Abul Fazal and Faizi, well known writers, grace the Moghul court.
  Akbar surrounds himself with the “seven gems”; men of outstanding capabilities, including the musician Tan Sen and the Finance Minister Raja Todar Mal.
1561 : 968 AH
  Piri Rais prepares an accurate map of the Atlantic seaboard.
  The Ottomans destroy a Spanish fleet at the Battle of Djerba.
1562 : 969 AH
  Akbar marries Jodha Bai, princess of Amber, Rajasthan.
1563 : 970 AH
  First English fortifications off the coasts of New Guinea.
1564 : 971 AH
  Spain occupies the Philippines.
1565 : 972 AH
  Battle of Telekote, India. The combined forces of Bijapur, Golkunda, Bidar and Gulbarga defeat the armies of Vijayanagar in southern India.
  Piri Rais undertakes unsuccessful siege of Malta.
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, captures Gujrat.
  John Hawkins of England conducts slave raids on Sierra Leone.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent passes away
 

back to top

1566 : 973 AH
  Muslims in Spain rebel against forced conversion to Catholicism.
1567  
1568  
1569  
1570  
1571 : 979 AH
  Battle of Lepanto. Combined navies of Spain, Venice, Austria and the Vatican defeat the Ottoman navy and occupy Tunis. Ottoman naval advance into the western Mediterranean is halted.
1572 : 980 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tunis.
  The Dutch gain their independence from Spain.
1573 : 981 AH
  The Moghul Emperor Akbar authorizes the construction of four large temples in Mathura.
1574  
1575  
1576 : 984 AH
  The Ottomans advance through Algeria and take the city of Fez in Morocco.
1577  
1578 : 986 AH
  Battle of Al Qasr al Kabir. The Sa’adid Sultan Ahmed al Mansur crushes the Portuguese army. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. Morocco remains independent. Ottoman westward advance is halted.
1579 : 987 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, completes the construction of a new city, Fatehpur Sikri. He starts ecumenical discussions with all religious faiths in the Ibadat Khana.
1580 : 988 AH
  Ottoman Admiral Ali Beg raids Portuguese positions in East Africa.
  Skirmishes between the Empire of Songhay and the Sa’adids of Morocco over the salt mines of Taodini.
  Portugal becomes a protectorate of Spain.
1581 : 989 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, moves to Lahore, and adds Kashmir, Sindh, Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan to his empire.
  Akbar completes the construction of a Jami Masjid in Peshawar.
  Queen Elizabeth I sends Harborne as ambassador to Istanbul to seek trade relations with the Ottomans.
1582  
1583  
1584  
1585 : 993 AH
  War between the Safavids and the Ottomans for control of Iraq and Azerbaijan.
1586  
1587 : 995 AH
  Pope Sixtus V authorizes a Catholic crusade against England.
  The English defeat the Scots. Consolidation of Britain under the English throne.
1588 : 996 AH
  Shah Abbas becomes Safavid emperor of Persia.
  The Spanish armada is destroyed off the coast of England.
  Death of Sinan, architect of Sulaimaniye and Shehzade mosques in Turkey.
1589

 

1590 : 998 AH
  William Shakespeare writes in England.
1591 : 999 AH
  The Bohras emerge as a sub-branch of the Fatimids.
1592 : 1000 AH
  The Sa’adids of Morocco invade the Songhay Empire. A strong force under Judar Pasha destroys Timbaktu.
1593  
1594  
1595  
1596 : 1004 AH
  Akbar captures Ahmednagar in the Deccan, India.
1597  
1598 : 1006 AH
  A second Spanish attempt to conquer England ends in failure.
1599  
1600 : 1008 AH
  Dutch ascendancy in the Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade gathers momentum.
  The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I.
1601  
1602 : 1010 AH
  Shah Abbas drives the Portuguese from Bahrain.
  The Dutch East India Company is formed.
1603 : 1012 AH
  Death of Queen Elizabeth I. 
1604  
1605 : 1014 AH
  Death of Moghul Emperor Akbar.
1606  
1607  
1608  
1609 : 1018 AH
  Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
1610  
1611  
1612  
1613  
1614  
1615 : 1024 AH
  The Dutch capture the Straits of Malacca from the Portuguese.
  Thomas Roe arrives in India as British ambassador to the Moghul court.
  Galileo is tried by the Church for his view that the earth is not the center of the universe.
1616  
1617  
1618  
1619 : 1028 AH
  The Dutch East India Company obtains trading rights on the island of Java.
  Thomas Roe obtains a farman from the Great Moghul Jehangir granting Britain trading rights in India.
 

back to top

1620 : 1029 AH
  Sufi doctrines spread to East Asia.
  The Pilgrims land at Port Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1621  
1622 : 1031 AH
  Shah Abbas I, with the help of the British navy, expels the Portuguese from the Straits of Hormuz. The British obtain trading rights in Persia.
1623 : 1032 AH
  Murad IV becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1624 : 1033 AH
  Death of Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, referred to as Mujaddid alf e Thani (Reformer of the Second Millennium). He expounded the doctrine of Wahdat as Shahada.
1625  
1626 : 1035 AH
  The Dutch establish themselves in New Amsterdam (New York).
1627 : 1036 AH
  Shah Jehan, Moghul Emperor of India.
1628  
1629  
1630 : 1039 AH
  Death of German Astronomer Johann Kepler.
1631  
1632  
1633  
1634  
1635 : 1045 AH
  Death of Mian Pir of Lahore, teacher of Dara Shikoh, son of Shah Jehan.
  Emperor Shah Jehan expels the Portuguese from Bengal.
1636  
1637  
1638 : 1048 AH
  Shah Jehan builds a new capital at Delhi. Construction of the Jami Masjid in Delhi.
1639 : 1049 AH
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Madras.
1640 : 1050 AH
  Armed rivalry between Britain, France and the Dutch for control of the slave trade.
  Portugal gains its independence from Spain.
  The Dutch capture Sri Lanka.
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Calcutta.
 

back to top

1641 : 1051 AH
  Sultana Tajul Alam Safiyyiatuddin rules as Queen of Acheh. She is the first of four queens to rule over the northern part of Sumatra.
  The Dutch capture Cochin on the West coast of India.
1642 : 1052 AH
  The Dutch establish a colony at Masulipatam on the East coast of India.
1643 : 1053 AH
  War between Venice and the Ottomans for control of Crete.
1644  
1645  
1646  
1647  
1648 : 1058 AH
  Shah Jehan completes the Taj Mahal, the most celebrated monument to love, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  The Portuguese recapture Brazil from the Dutch.
1649  
1650  
1651  
1652  
1653  
1654  
1655 : 1065 AH
  The Kurpulu brothers Mehmet Pasha and Fazil Ahmed revitalize the Ottoman administration (1655-1676).
1656  
1657  
1658 : 1068 AH
  Aurangzeb becomes the Moghul Emperor.
1659 : 1069 AH
  End of the Sa’adid dynasty in Morocco.
1660 : 1070 AH
  Isaac Newton revolutionizes physics.
1661  
1662  
1663  
1664 : 1074 AH
  The British seize New Amsterdam, rename it New York.
  The Battle of St. Gotthard between the Ottomans and the European “Holy League” ends in a stalemate.
1665  
1666 : 1076 AH
  The Qur’an is translated into the Malay language.
1667  
1668 : 1079 AH
  King Charles II of England sells Bombay to the East India Company.
1669  
1670  
1671  
1672  
1673  
1674  
1675  
1676 : 1087 AH
  Kara Mustafa Pasha becomes grand vizier in Istanbul.
1677 : 1088 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over access to the Black Sea.
1678  
1679  
1680  
1681  
1682  
1683 : 1094 AH
  The second siege of Vienna ends in failure. The Ottomans lose Hungary.
1684  
1685  
1686 : 1097 AH
  The Hapsburgs advance through Hungary towards Belgrade.
  The British make an attempt to capture the port of Chittagong in India and are beaten back by Moghul forces. 
1687 : 1098 AH
  The Ottomans are defeated at the second Battle of Mohacs.  
1688  
1689  
1690  
1691  
1692  
1693  
1694 : 1105 AH
  The Bank of England advances a perpetual loan of 1.2 million pounds to the British Crown in return for the privilege of putting its own notes into circulation.
1695  
1696 : 1107 AH
  Peter of Russia captures the strategic fortress of Azov from the Ottomans.
  The Sultan of Oman recaptures Fort Jesus of Mombasa from the Portuguese.
1697  
1698  
1699  
1700  
1701  
1702  
1703  
1704  
1705  
1706  
1707 : 1119 AH
  Death of Aurangzeb. The Moghul Empire begins to disintegrate.
 

back to top

1708 : 1120 AH
  The assassination of Guru Gobind Singh sets off Sikh revolts against Moghul rule in India.
1709  
1710  
1711  
1712  
1713 : 1125 AH
  The British displace the Dutch as the most powerful force in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
1714  
1715  
1716  
1717  
1718  
1719  
1720  
1721  
1722 : 1134 AH
  Tahmasp II, last Safavid ruler of Persia ascends the Persian throne.
  Nizam ul Mulk is appointed the Subedar of Hyderabad.
1723  
1724  
1725  
1726  
1727  
1728  
1729  
1730  
1731  
1732  
1733  
1734  
1735  
1736 : 1149 AH
  Nadir Shah becomes Emperor of Persia, displaces the Safavid Tahmasp II.
1737  
1738  
   
1739 : 1152 AH
  Nadir Shah of Persia invades India, sacks Delhi, and carries off the Peacock Throne.
1740 : 1153 AH
  Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab starts his movement in Najd, Arabia.
1741 : 1154 AH
  Ahmed ibn Said becomes Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar and attempts to build a strong navy. 
1742  
1743  
1744  
1745  
1746 : 1159 AH
  Muhammed ibn Saud establishes the Saudi dynasty near Riyadh.
1747  
1748  
1749  
1750  
1751  
1752  
1753  
1754 : 1167 AH
  The French General Dupleix leaves India. France loses the contest for control of Indian trade to the British.
1755  
1756 : 1169 AH
  Anglo-French wars in India and America (1756-63). The British are victorious over the French.
1757 : 1170 AH
  The Battle of Plassey. The British gain control of Bengal, India.
1758 : 1171 AH
  The Industrial Revolution in England gains momentum, fueled by the loot from Bengal.
  The Marathas occupy Lahore; oust Timur, son of Nadir Shah of Kabul.
1759  
1760  
1761 : 1174 AH
  Third Battle of Panipat near Delhi. The Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeat Maratha armies.
1762 : 1175 AH
  Death of Shah Waliullah of Delhi, leading reformer.
1763 : 1176 AH
  The Treaty of Paris. The French give up their interests in India and America.
 

back to top

1764 : 1177 AH
  The British starve the Begums of Oudh, India, to surrender their jewels.
  Battle of Buxor. The British defeat the combined armies of Oudh, Bengal and Delhi.
1765 : 1178 AH
  The British wage a brutal campaign against the Afghans of Rohilla in India.
1766  
1767 : 1181 AH
  The First Mysore War (1767-68). Tippu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali force the British to sue for peace.
1768  
1769  
1770  
1771  
1772 : 1186 AH
  The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1773  
1774  
1775  
1776 : 1190 AH
  The Colonies declare independence in America. The American War of Independence (1776-83) follows.
1777  
1778  
1779  
1780 : 1194 AH
  The Second Mysore War. Tippu Sultan defeats the British at the Battle of Pollipur.
1781 : 1195 AH
  George Washington defeats General Cornwallis at the Battle of Saratoga. Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, retires to England, is hired by the East India Company, and is sent to battle Tippu Sultan of Mysore.
1782  
1783  
1784  
1785  
1786  
   
1787 : 1201 AH
  Death of Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab of Arabia.
1788  
1789 : 1203 AH
  The Third Mysore War (1789-91). Cornwallis forces Tippu Sultan to cede half of his Territory; takes Tippu’s children as hostage.
  Beginning of the French Revolution.
1790  
1791  
1792  
1793 : 1207 AH
  The British Permanent Settlement Act imposes feudal landlords upon Bengal.
1794  
1795  
1796  
1797  
1798 : 1213 AH
  Napoleon lands in Egypt and is victorious at the Battle of the Pyramids.
  The British capture Colombo from the Dutch.
1799 : 1214 AH
  Napoleon corresponds with Tippu Sultan of Mysore and the Sultan of Oman about an invasion of India.
  Tippu Sultan falls at the Battle of Srirangapatam.
  Napoleon is defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar and is forced to withdraw from Egypt.
1800  
1801 : 1216 AH
  The Wahhabis raid Karbala. Wahhabi movement spreads to Iraq. The Wahhabis raid the Hejaz.
1802  
1803 : 1218 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Ottoman governor of Egypt; starts a long series of reforms.
  The Marathas in Poona, India, sue for peace with the British.
  Denmark abolishes the slave trade.
  Emir Abdul Aziz of Najd captures Mecca.
1804  
1805 : 1220 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Pasha of Egypt.
1806 : 1221 AH
  British armies enter Delhi.
 

back to top

1807 : 1222 AH
  Uthman dan Fuduye establishes the Sokoto Caliphate.
  Muhammed Ali Pasha beats back a British attempt to seize Alexandria, Egypt.
1808 : 1223 AH
  The United States abolishes the slave trade.
1809  
1810  
1811  
   
1812 : 1227 AH
  Muhammed Ali of Egypt recaptures Mecca and Hejaz from the Wahhabis (1812-15).
1813  
1814  
1815  
1816  
1817 : 1232 AH
  Death of Uthman dan Fuduye, mujahid in West Africa.
  Muhammed Bello becomes Caliph of the Sokoto Empire.
1818 : 1233 AH
  Holland abolishes the slave trade.
1819  
1820  
1821 : 1236 AH
  Greek war against the Ottomans.
1822  
1823  
1824  
1825  
1826  
1827 : 1242 AH
  Naval Battle of Navarino pits European axis against the Ottomans.
  Shaykh Ahmed Lobo establishes the kingdom of Lobo in West Africa.
1828 : 1243 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over control of the Black Sea. Russia advances into Anatolia.
1829  
1830 : 1246 AH
  Greece breaks off from the Ottoman Empire.
  France occupies Algiers.
1831  
1832  
1833  
1834 : 1250 AH
  Beginning of Muslim resistance to the Russians in Daghestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.
1835 : 1251 AH
  The Ottomans defeat the French at Malta.
  The British replace Persian with English in the higher courts in India.
1836  
1837 : 1253 AH
  Sanusiya Sufi brotherhood is founded in North Africa.
1838 : 1254 AH
  British invasion of Afghanistan ends in failure.
1839 : 1255 AH
  Abdul Mecit I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Beginning of Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire.
1840 : 1256 AH
  France starts colonization of Algeria.
1841  
1842  
1843  
1844  
1845  
1846 : 1262 AH
  The Bank Act of 1846 in England confers legal recognition on the negotiability of credit documents.
1847  
1848 : 1264 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah ascends the throne of Persia.
1849  
1850 : 1266 AH
  The Bahai schism starts in Persia.
1851 : 1267 AH
  The British build a railroad linking Alexandria with Suez (1851-54).
1852  
1853 : 1269 AH
  The Tijaniya Sufi brotherhood is established in West Africa.
  Beginning of the Crimean War. Britain and France support the Ottomans against Russia.
 

back to top

1854 : 1270 AH
  Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt grants a concession to French Engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps to build the Suez Canal. Egypt borrows funds from international bankers to complete the canal.
  The Ottomans take their first loan from international bankers.
1855  
1856 : 1272 AH
  End of the Crimean war between Russia and the Ottomans.
1857 : 1273 AH
  The Sepoy Uprising in India. After initial successes, the Uprising is crushed by the British. End of Moghul rule. The British exile the last Moghul Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon, Burma.
1858 : 1274 AH
  The Russians capture Imam Shamil, Naqshbandi Imam in Daghestan. End of Muslim resistance in Chechnya and Daghestan.
1859 : 1275 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Sanusi, Reformer, Sufi Shaykh of Libya.
1860 : 1276 AH
  Alhajj Omar resists French colonization in Sene-Gambia.
1861 : 1277 AH
  American Civil War (1861-65). The price of Egyptian cotton soars in world markets.
1862  
1863 : 1280 AH
  Abraham Lincoln proclaims the abolition of slavery.
1864  
1865  
1866  
1867  
1868  
1869 : 1286 AH
  The Suez Canal opens with much fanfare.
  The price of Egyptian cotton drops precipitously. Egyptian public debt mounts.
  Tunisia falters on debt payments to European bankers. The International Debt Commission for Tunisia assumes control over Tunisian finances.
1870  
1871 : 1288 AH
  A unified Germany emerges as the most powerful continental power in Europe.
1872  
1873 : 1290 AH
  The Dutch capture the Kingdom of Acheh in Sumatra. Beginning of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.
1874 : 1291 AH
  Syed Ahmed Khan founds the Aligarh College in India.
1875 : 1292 AH
  Egypt sells off its share in the Suez Canal Company to the British to partially offset its debts.
1876 : 1293 AH
  Abdul Hamid II becomes the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph. He starts consolidation of ties with Muslim peoples worldwide.
  Egypt falters on debt payments. Britain and France appoint a Commission on Egyptian Public Debt with the power to confiscate revenues.
 

back to top

1877 : 1294 AH
  Russia invades the Ottoman Empire (1877-78). Russian troops advance to within ten miles of Istanbul and dictate capitulation terms to the Turks at the Treaty of San Stefano.
1878 : 1295 AH
  Egypt is forced by Britain and France to accept international control over her finances.
  Treaty of Berlin results in effective dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
  Britain occupies Cyprus.
1879 : 1296 AH
  Britain and France force Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt to abdicate in favor of his son Tawfiq Pasha. Sultan Abdul Hamid acquiesces in the abdication.
1880 : 1297 AH
  The French, in violation of the Treaty of Berlin, occupy Tunisia and declare it a “protectorate”.
1881 : 1298 AH
  Egyptian nationalists under Ahmed Torabi Pasha stage protests against foreign control.
1882 : 1299 AH
  The British bombard Alexandria into submission, defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Tel el Kabir and occupy Cairo.
  The Mahdi seizes Khartoum and establishes a Caliphate in the Sudan.
1883  
1884  
   
1885 : 1302 AH
  The British storm Khartoum. Death of al Mahdi of the Sudan.
  An Englishman, Allan Hume, founds the Indian National Congress.
1886  
1887  
1888 : 1305 AH
  Ghulam Mirza Ahmed starts the Ahmadiya schism in Punjab, India. The movement draws strong opposition from the ulema.
1889  
1890  
1891 : 1308 AH
  The Tobacco Concession touches off an uproar in Persia. Peaceful boycott of tobacco, under a fatwa from Hajji Mirza Hassan Shirazi, forces the Shah to rescind the Concession.
1892  
1893  
1894  
1895  
1896 : 1314 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah of Persia is assassinated.
1897  
1898  
1899  
1900  
1901 : 1319 AH
  Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Riyadh.
1902  
1903  
1904  
1905  
1906 : 1324 AH
  All India Muslim League is founded.
1907 : 1325 AH
  Death of Muzaffaruddin Shah of Persia. His son Muhammed Ali Mirza becomes the Shah. The first Majlis is elected in Persia.
  The Young Turks Movement in Turkey gathers momentum.
1908 : 1326 AH
  Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  Constitutional revolution in Persia. Muhammed Ali Shah of Persia is deposed. His young son Ahmed Mirza becomes the Shah.
1909 : 1327 AH
  Sultan Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks.
  Mehmet V becomes the Sultan.
1910  
1911 : 1329 AH
  The Sanusi brotherhood resists the Italian invasion of Libya.
1912 : 1330 AH 
  Muhammadiya movement is organized in Indonesia.
  Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1913 : 1331 AH
  The Balkan war begins. Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria invade Ottoman territories. Albania becomes independent. The Ottomans are forced to withdraw from most of the Balkans.
1914 : 1332 AH
  A Serb in Sarajevo murders Prince Francis Ferdinand of Austria. Austria declares war on Serbia.
  Russia declares war on Austria.
  Germany declares war on Russia.
  France and England declare war on Germany.
  The Triple Entente powers (Britain, France and Russia) declare war on the Ottomans.
  Beginning of World War I.
 

back to top

1915 : 1333 AH
  The Ottomans contain British advances in Iraq and beat back attempts to capture Baghdad and Istanbul.
1916 : 1334 AH
  The British promise to set up a unified Arab state.
  Sharif Hussain declares himself king of Hejaz, attacks Ottoman garrisons in Arabia.
  Lawrence of Arabia, a British intelligence officer, works with the Arabs.
  The Sykes-Picot agreement divides up the Ottoman territories between England, France, Russia, Greece and Italy.
1917 : 1335 AH
  Anglo Indian troops under Allenby capture Baghdad and Jerusalem.
  The Balfour Declaration promises to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  The French take Beirut.
  Germany releases the Bolshevik leader Lenin to pressure Russia to drop out of the War.
  The United States enters the War.
  The Russian army begins to collapse on the western front. The October Revolution brings the Bolsheviks to power. Russia pulls out of the War.
1918 : 1336 AH
  Mehmet VI becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Damascus falls to British Forces.
  Germany and the Ottoman Empire capitulate. End of World War I.
  The Wafd movement starts in Egypt.
1919 : 1337 AH
  The victorious allies partition the Ottoman Empire.
  Greece invades Anatolia.
1920 : 1338 AH
  French mandate over Syria.
  British mandate over Iraq and Palestine.
  The Greeks capture Alashehir, Bahkesir, Bandarma and Bursa.
  The Turks stop the Greeks at the Battle of Ankara.
1921 : 1339 AH
  The British appoint Abdullah, son of Sharif Hussain, as emir of Trans Jordan.
  Faisal, another son of Hussain, is appointed emir of Iraq.
  The Turks are victorious over the Greeks at the Battle of the Sakarya River. Greece retreats from Anatolia.
1922 : 1340 AH
  Abdul Mecit II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Mustafa Kemal becomes President of the Republic of Turkey.
1923  
1924 : 1342 AH
  The Turkish National Assembly abolishes the Caliphate
 

back to top

1925  
1926  
1927 : 1345 AH
  Tablighi Jamaat reform movement founded in India
1928 : 1346 AH
  Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brothers) founded in Egypt
1929  
1930  
1931  
1932  
1933  
1934  
1935  
1936  
1937  
1938  
1939  
1940  
1941 : 1360 AH
  Jamaat-i Islami reform movement founded in Lahore, India
1942  
1943  
1944  
   
1945 : 1364 AH
  Indonesia becomes independent republic
1946  
1947 : 1366 AH
  Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
1948  
1949  
1950  
1951  
1952  
1953  
1954  
1955  
1956  
1957 : 1376 AH
  Independent Malayan state established with Islam as the official religion but guaranteed tolerance
1958  
1959  
1960 : 1379 AH
  Familes from SE Asia and North Africa emigrate to Europe and the Americas
1961  
1962  
1963  
1964  
1965  
1966  
1967  
1968  
1969  
1970  
1971  
1972  
1973  
1974  
1975  
1976  
1977  
1978  
1979 : 1399 AH
  Shah of Iran is overthrown by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni, who establishes strict fundamentalist rule of Shi'a principles
1980  
1981  
1982  
1983  
1984  
1985  
1986  
1987  
1988  
1989  
1990 : 1410 AH 
  Taliban come to power in Afghanistan
1991  
1992  
1993  
1994  
1995  
1996  
1997  
1998  
1999  
2000  
2001 : 1422 AH 
  Muslim extremists attack the United States 
2002  
2003 : 1424 AH     
  Saddam Hussien ousted by Western forces     
 

back to top

2004  
2005  
2006  
2007  
2008  
2009  
2010  
2011  
2012  
2013  
2014  
2015  
2016  
2017  
2018  
2019  
2020  


                   back to top 
 

Prishtina : Kosovo
Southern Europe

            

Geography                   

_______________________________________________

                   back to top

_______________________________________________

History                         

_______________________________________________

                   back to top

_______________________________________________

Muslim                        

_______________________________________________

                   back to top

_______________________________________________

Prishtina : Kosovo
Southern Europe

           

Kosovo

SELF-DECLARED INDEPENDENT COUNTRY

Flag of Kosovo

flag of KosovoNational anthem of Kosovo

OFFICIAL NAME
Republika e Kosovës (Albanian); Republika Kosovo (Serbian) (Republic of Kosovo)1

FORM OF GOVERNMENT/POLITICAL STATUS
multiparty transitional republic2 with one legislative house (Assembly of Kosovo [1203])

INTERNATIONAL AUTHORITY
UN Interim Administrator4

HEAD OF STATE
President: Hashim Thaçi

HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister: Ramush Haradinaj

CAPITAL
Pristina

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
Albanian; Serbian

OFFICIAL RELIGION
none

MONETARY UNIT
euro (€)

POPULATION
(2018 est.) 1,801,500

POPULATION RANK
(2018) 152

POPULATION PROJECTION 2030
1,801,000

TOTAL AREA (SQ MI)
4,210

TOTAL AREA (SQ KM)
10,905

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ MI
(2018) 427.9

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ KM
(2018) 165.2

URBAN-RURAL POPULATION
Urban: (2011) 38.3%
Rural: (2011) 61.7%

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
Male: (2017) 69.8 years
Female: (2017) 74.2 years

LITERACY: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION AGE 15 AND OVER LITERATE
Male: (2004) 97.3%
Female: (2004) 91.3%

GNI (U.S.$ ’000,000)
(2017) 7,122

GNI PER CAPITA (U.S.$)
(2017) 3,890

  • 1Alternate short-form names in Albanian include Kosova and Kosovë.
  • 2Independence was declared February 17, 2008, and the new constitution became effective on June 15, 2008. Serbia continued to claim Kosovo as an integral part despite a ruling by the International Court of Justice in July 2010 supporting Kosovo’s independence.
  • 3Twenty seats are reserved for minority communities.
  • 4Assisted by the EU special envoy from February 2008. A 2,000-member EU mission to Kosovo (headed by the special envoy) is expected to eventually replace the UN as international administrative authority.

______________________________________________

                     back to top

______________________________________________

Muslim                             

 

______________________________________________

                     back to top

______________________________________________

World Islamic History : 171 H
22/6/787 - 9/6/788 CE

                    

Other Events                                   

- The Treaty of Lausanne : 1923 : pop exchange 

- 1.5 m Christian : Turkey to Greece

- 0.5 m Muslim : Greece to Turkey

_______________________________________________

                   back to top 
_______________________________________________

Islamic Lineage                               

xxx

_______________________________________________

                   back to top
_______________________________________________

Islamic Timeline                             

1 - 100 (623 - 719)
101 - 200 (720 - 816)
201- 300 (817 - 913)
301 - 400 (914 - 1010)
401 - 500 (1011 - 1107)
501 - 600 (1108 - 1204)
601 - 700 (1205 - 1301)
701 - 800 (1302 - 1398)
801 - 900 (1399 - 1495)
901 - 1000 (1496 - 1592)
1001 - 1100 (1593 - 1689)
1101 - 1200 (1690 - 1786)
1201 - 1300 (1787 - 1883)
1301 - 1400 (1884 - 1980)
1401 - 1500 (1981 - 2078)

570 : 52 BH
  Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca
610 : 12 BH
  Revelation of the first versus of the Quran
  Ali ibn Abu Talib and Abu Bakar as Siddiq accept Islam
615 : 7 BH
  Conversion of Omar Ibn Al Khattab
620 : 2 BH
  A group of Muslims migrates to Abyssinia to escape the persecution in Mecca
622
  Prophet Muhammad migrates to Madina
  Start of the Islamic calendar
  back to top
623 
 
23 Jamadil Thani 1AH       3 Rejab 2AH
624 
 
4 Rejab 2AH                        14 Rejab 3AH
  Battle of Badr 
625
 
15 Rejab 3AH                    25 Rejab 4AH
  Battle of Uhud   
626
 
26 Rejab 4AH                      6 Syaban 5AH
  Battle of Khandaq / Battle of the Trench 
627
 
7 Syaban 5AH                  17 Syaban 6AH
  Prophet Muhammad concludes the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the Meccans
628
 
18 Syaban 6AH                 28 Syaban 7AH
  The Muslims reclaim Mecca
  The Prophet sends messages to Khosroe of Persia, Heraclius of Byzantium, Muqawqis of Egypt and the king of Yemen, inviting them to accept Islam 
629
 
29 Syaban 7AH                 10 Ramadan 8AH
630
 
11 Ramadan 8AH               21 Ramadan 9AH
631
 
22 Ramadan 10AH             2 Syawal 10AH
632
 
3 Syawal 10AH                   13 Syawal 11AH
  Farewell pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad
  The last verse of the Quran is revealed
  Defensive expedition to Tabuk against the Byzantines ends in a stalemate and commander Zaid bin Harris is killed in action
  Prophet Muhammad passes away
  The Companions establish the Caliphate to affirm the historical continuity of Islam
  Abu Bakar as Siddiq is elected the first Caliph
  Death of Fatimah az Zahra beloved daughter of the Prophet,wife of Ali ibn Abu Talib
 

back to top

633
 
14 Syawal 11AH                24 Syawal 12AH
  Abu Bakar conducts campaigns against eastern Arabs to ensure their compliance with zakat
  Rise of the false prophets
  Battle of Yamama against Musailimah Al Kazzab
  Abu Bakar authorizes the preparation of a written copy of the Quran, the Mashaf e Siddiqi
634
 
25 Syawal 12AH                5 Zulqa'dah 13AH
  Muslim armies defeat the Byzantines at the Battle of Ajnadyn
  Abu Bakar passes away
  Omar ibn Al Khattab is elected the Caliph
635
 
6 Zulqa'dah 13AH             15 Zulqa'dah 14AH
  Campaigns against eastern Roman and Persian Empires
  The Muslims capture Damascus
636
 
16 Zulqa'dah 14AH          27 Zulqa'dah 15AH
  The Persian army is defeated at the Battle of Qadasia
  The Byzantines are defeated at the Battle of Yarmuk
  Jerusalem conquered by Arab armies. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to Christians.
 

back to top

637
 
28 Zulqa'dah 15AH         8 Zulhijjah 16 AH
  The Muslims capture Madayen, capital of the Persian Empire
638
 
9 Zulhijjah 16AH            19 Zulhijjah 17AH
639
 
20 Zulhijjah 17AH           30 Zulhijjah 18AH
640
 
1 Muharam 19AH           12 Muharam 20AH
  Omar bin al As begins campaigns in Egypt
641
 
13 Muharam 20AH          22 Muharam 21AH
  Arab armies advance towards Khorasan, Afghanistan dan Sindh
642
 
23 Muharam 21AH           3 Safar 22AH
  The conquest of Egypt is completed
  Caliph Omar streamlines the administration of the vast empire
  Judical rulings of Omar ibn al Khattab and Ali ibn Abu Talib provide a basis for the sciences of Fiqh
  Persian armies defeated at the Battle of Nahawand
643
 
4 Safar 22AH                  13 Safar 23AH
  First construction of the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem
644
 
14 Safar 23AH                 25 Safar 24AH
  Caliph Omar ibn Al Khattab is assassinated
  Uthman bin Affan is elected the Caliph
645
 
26 Safar 24AH                 6 Rabiulawal 25AH
646
 
7 Rabiulawal 25AH         17 Rabiulawal 26AH
647
 
18 Rabiulawal 26AH        28 Rabiulawal 27AH
648
 
29 Rabiulawal 27AH        10 Rabiulthani 28AH
649
 
11 Rabiulthani 28AH         21 Rabiulthani 29AH
  Cyprus is captured from the Byzantines
650
 
22 Rabiulthani 29AH :        2 Jamadilawal 30AH
  Pronunciation of Quranic verses standardized
651
 
3 Jamadilawal 30AH :        12 Jamadilawal 31
652
 
13 Jamadilawal 31AH :       24 Jamadilawal 32AH
  Death of Abu Dhar al Ghifari, venerated Companion and Sufi
653
 
25 Jamadilawal 32AH :       5 Jamadilthani 33AH
654
 
6 Jamadilthani 33AH :        16 Jamadilthani 34AH
655
 
17 Jamadilthani 34AH :       27 Jamadilthani 35AH
   
656
 
28 Jamadilthani 35AH :       9 Rejab 36AH
  Caliph Uthman bin Affan is assassinated
  Ali ibn Abu Talib is elected the Caliph
  Beginning of the Civil Wars
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats dissidents under Aisha binti Abu Bakar at the Battle of the Camel  
657
 
10 Rejab 36AH          :       20 Rejab 37AH
  Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, refuses to recognize the Caliphate of Ali
  Battle of Siffin between forces of Ali and Muawiya
  Beginning of the Kharijite schism
 

back to top

658
 
21 Rejab 37AH         :        1 Syaban 38AH
  Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan
  Muawiya is declared the Caliph by his supporters in Damascus
659
 
2 Syaban 38AH        :       11 Syaban 39AH
  Truce between Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
660
 
12 Syaban 39AH       :       22 Syaban 40AH
661
 
23 Syaban 40AH       :       3 Ramadan 41AH
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib is assassinated
  Age of Khulafa e Rashidoon ends
  Muawiya claims the Caliphate
  Beginning of the Umayyad dynasty
  Imam Hassan ibn Ali retires from politics
662
 
4 Ramadan 41AH     :       14 Ramadan 42AH
663
 
15 Ramadan 42AH   :       25 Ramadan 43AH
664
 
26 Ramadan 43AH   :        7 Syawal 44AH
665
 
8 Syawal 44AH         :       18 Syawal 45AH
  Muawiya orders the buildup of a navy
666
 
19 Syawal 45AH       :       28 Syawal 46AH
667
 
29 Syawal 46AH       :       10 Zulqa'dah 47AH
  Muslim armies capture Khorasan
668
 
11 Zulqa'dah 47AH   :       21 Zulqa'dah 48AH
669
 
22 Zulqa'dah 48AH  :       2 Zulhijjah 49AH
  Death of Imam Hassan ibn Ali
670
 
3 Zulhijjah 49AH      :       12 Zulhijjah 50AH
  Uqba bin Nafi begins the conquest of North Africa
  The city of Khairaoun in North Africa is founded
671
 
13 Zulhijjah 50AH     :      23 Zulhijjah 51AH
  Muslim armies capture the island of Rhodes
  The first attempt to capture Constantinople fails
672
 
24 Zulhijjah 51AH      :     5 Muharam 53AH
673
 
6 Muharam 53AH       :    16 Muharam 54AH
674
 
17 Muharam 54AH     :     27 Muharam 55AH
675
 
28 Muharam 55AH     :      8 Safar 56AH
676
 
9 Safar 56AH              :     20 Safar 57AH
677
 
21 Safar 57AH            :      1 Rabiulawal 58AH
678
 
2 Rabiulawal 58AH      :     11 Rabiulawal 59AH
  Death of Aisha binti Abu Bakar wife of Prophet Muhammad and the source of a large number of Hadith
 

back to top

679
 
12 Rabiulawal 59AH    :      21 Rabiulawal 60AH
680
 
22 Rabiulawal 60AH     :      3 Rabiulthani 61AH
  Death of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
  Yazid son of Muawiya becomes Omayyad ruler
  The tragedy of Karbala, Hussain ibn Ali,grandson of the Prophet is martyred
  Beginning of Yawm e Ashoora
681
 
4 Rabiulthani 61AH       :     14 Rabiulthani 62AH
682
 
15 Rabiulthani 62AH     :      25 Rabiulthani 63AH
683
 
26 Rabiulthani 63AH     :       7 Jamadilawal 64AH
  Yazid sacks Madina
  Uqba bin Nafi conquers North Africa
  Death of Yazid: Muawiya II succeeds him
684
 
8 Jamadilawal 64AH      :     18 Jamadilawal 65AH
  Marwan I becomes the Caliph
685
 
19 Jamadilawal 65AH     :     28 Jamadilawal 66AH
  Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph
  Construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  Muslim armies advance into Central Asia
686
 
29 Jamadilawal 66AH     :     9 Jamadilthani 67AH
687
 
10 Jamadilthani 67AH     :     20 Jamadilthani 68AH
688
 
21 Jamadilthani 68AH     :      2 Rejab 69AH
689
 
3 Rejab 69AH                 : 13 Rejab 70AH
690
 
14 Rejab 70AH               : 24 Rejab 71AH
  Omayyad armies reach the Atlantic Ocean
691
 
25 Rejab 71AH               : 5 Syaban 72AH
  Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is completed
692
 
6 Syaban 72AH               : 17 Syaban 73AH
  Abdul Malik mints the first coins of the Islamic state
693
 
18 Syaban 73AH             : 27 Syaban 74AH
  Al Hajjaj also known as al Hajjaj the cruel becomes governor of Iraq
694
 
28 Syaban 74AH             :  8 Ramadan 75AH
  Construction of the Omayyad Mosque in Damascus
695
 
9 Ramadan 75AH            : 19 Ramadan 76AH
696
 
20 Ramadan 76AH          : 1 Syawal 77AH
697
 
2 Syawal 77AH                : 11 Syawal 78AH
698
 
12 Syawal 78AH               : 22 Syawal 79AH
699
 
23 Syawal 79AH               : 3 Zulqa'dah 80AH
  Death of Al Juhani rationalist, philosopher
  back to top
700
 
4 Zulqa'dah 80AH             : 15 Zulqa'dah 81AH
701 16 Zulqa'dah 81AH           : 26 Zulqa'dah 82AH
702 27 Zulqa'dah 82AH           : 7 Zulhijjah 83AH
703 8 Zulhijjah 83AH               : 17 Zulhijjah 84AH
704 18 Zulhijjah 84AH             : 28 Zulhijjah 85AH
705 29 Zulhijjah 85AH             : 10 Muharam 87AH
  Al Walid I becomes the Caliph and begins a vigorous expansion of the empire
706 11 Muharam 87AH           : 20 Muharam 88AH
707 21 Muharam 88AH           : 1 Safar 89AH
708 2 Safar 89AH                    : 13 Safar 90AH
709 14 Safar 90AH                  : 24 Safar 91AH
710 25 Safar 91AH                  : 6 Rabiulawal 92AH
711 7 Rabiulawal 92AH           : 16 Rabiulawal 93AH
  Tariq ibn Ziyad lands in Spain. Visigoth army under Rodriguez is defeated at the Battle of Buhayrah
  Muhammad bin Qasim lands at Debal subdues Baluchistan , Sindh , Multan and southern Punjab
712 17 Rabiulawal 93AH         : 27 Rabiulawal 94AH
  Musa ibn Nusair advances into Leon, Astoria, and Galicia
  Beginning of 780 years of Muslim rule in Andalus
  Jewish golden age in Spain
  Death of Imam Zainul Abedin
713 28 Rabiulawal 94AH         : 8 Rabiulthani 95AH
  Zaid bin Zainul Abedin organizes resistance to the Omayyads. Beginning of the Zaidi branch.
  Muslim armies capture Lyons in France
714 9 Rabiulthani 95AH          : 19 Rabiulthani 96AH
  Muhammad bin Qasim recalled from Sindh by Hajjaj bin Yusuf and imprisoned until death
  Muslims capture Normandy in France
715 20 Rabiulthani 96AH        : 29 Rabiulthani 97AH
  Sulaiman becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Musa ibn Nusair recalled from Spain by Caliph Sulaiman, stripped of all power and banished into the desert
716 1 Jamadilawal 97AH        : 12 Jamadilawal 98AH
717 13 Jamadilawal 98AH       : 23 Jamadilawal 99AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz becomes the Caliph and attempts reconciliation in the Islamic community. He lowers taxes on peasants in Persia and Egypt.
  The Byzantines repulse a second Muslim attempt to capture Constantinople.
  Spread of Islam into Persia and Egypt picks up momentum
 

back to top

718 24 Jamadilawal 99AH      : 4 Jamadilthani 100AH
719 5 Jamadilthani 100AH      : 14 Jamadilthani 101AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz is poisoned
  Yazid II becomes the Caliph
720 15 Jamadilthani 101AH     : 26 Jamadilthani 102AH
  Muslim armies cross the Pyrenees and occupy southern France
721 27 Jamadilthani 102AH    : 7 Rejab 103AH
722 8 Rejab 103AH                 : 17 Rejab 104AH
723 18 Rejab 104AH               : 28 Rejab 105AH
724 29 Rejab 105AH               :10 Syaban 106AH
  Hisham becomes the Caliph
725 11 Syaban 106AH - 21 Syaban 107AH
726 22 Syaban 107AH - 2 Ramadan 108AH
727 3 Ramadan 108AH - 13 Ramadan 109AH
728 14 Ramadan 109AH - 25 Ramadan 110AH
  Death of Hasan al Basri,well known Sufi Shaykh
729 26 Ramadan 110AH - 6 Syawal 111AH
730 7 Syawal 111AH - 16 Syawal 112AH
731 17 Syawal 112AH - 26 Syawal 113AH
  Death of Imam al Baqir
732 27 Syawal 113AH - 8 Zulqa'dah 114AH
  Charles Martel stops the Muslim advance into Europe at the Battle of Tours
733 9 Zulqa'dah 114AH - 19 Zulqa'dah 115AH
734 20 Zulqa'dah 115AH - 30 Zulqa'dah 116AH
735 1 Zulhijjah 116AH - 11 Zulhijjah 117AH
  Muslim armies advance through southern France and occupy mountain passes in Switzerland
736 12 Zulhijjah 117AH - 23 Zulhijjah 118AH
737 24 Zulhijjah 118AH - 4 Muharam 120AH
738 5 Muharam 120AH - 15 Muharam 121AH
739 16 Muharam 121AH - 25 Muharam 122AH
   
740 26 Muharam 122AH - 7 Safar 123AH
  Death of Imam Zaid bin Zain ul Abedin
741 8 Safar 123AH - 17 Safar 124AH
742 18 Safar 124AH - 28 Safar 125AH
   
743 29 Safar 125AH - 9 Rabiulawal 126AH
  Al Walid II becomes the Caliph
744 10 Rabiulawal 126AH - 21 Rabiulawal 127AH
  Abu Muslim is appointed the chief dayee of Khorasan
  Yazid III, Ibrahim and Marwan II become the Caliphs in rapid succession
745 22 Rabiulawal 127AH - 3 Rabiulthani 128AH
  Imam Jaafar as Saadiq discusses Fiqh issues in his study circles. Imam Abu Haneefa participates in these studies and benefits from them.
746 4 R.T 128AH - 13 R.T 129AH
  Beginning of the Abbasid revolution in Khorasan
747 14 R.T 129AH - 24 R.T 130AH
  Kufa falls to the Abbasids. Abu Muslim nominates Abul Abbas as the first Abbasid Caliph
748 25 R.T 130AH - 6 J.A 131AH
749 7 J.A 131AH - 16 J.A 132AH
750 17 J.A 132AH - 27 J.A 133AH
  The Abbasid Revolution
  The Abbasid forces defeat the Caliph Marwan at the Battle of Zab. The Umayyads are swept away from power and are slaughtered
  Andur Rahman I escapes to Spain
  Beginning of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. Abu Abbas al Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph
 

back to top

751 28 J.A 133AH - 8 J.T 134AH
  Battle of Tlas.The Muslim armies are victorious over the forces of the Tang Empire. China cedes Central Asia to the Caliphate
  Systematic development of Fiqh begins
752 9 J.T 134AH - 20 J.T 135AH
753 21 J.T 135AH - 1 Rej 136AH
   
754 2 Rej 136AH - 12 Rej 137AH
  Al Mansur becomes the Caliph,sends troops into China in response to a request for help from the Tang Emperor Tsung. 
755 13 Rej 137AH - 22 Rej 138AH
  The Umayyad Abdur Rahman I establishes the Umayyad Emirate in Cordoba Spain
756 23 Rej 138AH - 4 Syab 139AH
757 5 Syab 139AH - 15 Syab 140AH
   
758 16 Syab 140AH - 25 Syab 141AH
   
759 26 Syab 141AH - 6 Ramad 142AH
  The Franks recapture Narbonne from the Muslims
760 7 Ramad 142AH - 18 Ramad 143AH
  Death of Imam Ismail, son of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq
  Beginning of the Fatimid branch among Muslims
761 19 Ramad 143AH - 29 Ramad 144AH
762 30 Ramad 144AH - 10 Syaw 145AH
763 11 Syaw 145AH - 21 Syaw 146AH
  Baghdad becomes the seat of the Caliphate and the cradle of Islamic civilization
764 22 Syaw 146AH - 3 Zulqa' 147AH
765 4 Zulqa' 147AH - 13 Zulqa' 148AH
  Death of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq one of the principal sources of Fiqh. Caliph al Mansur establishes schools of translation in Baghdad.
  Muslims come into contact with Greek philosophy and Indian mathematics
766 14 Zulqa' 148AH - 24 Zulqa' 149AH
767 25 Zulqa' 149AH - 5 Zulhij 150AH
768 6 Zulhij 150AH - 16 Zulhij 151AH
  Death of Imam Abu Haneefa after whom the Hanafi school of Fiqh is named.
  Charlemagne ( 768-814) ascends the Frankish throne.
 

back to top

769 17 Zulhij 151AH - 27 Zulhij 152AH
770 28 Zulhij 152AH - 8 Muh 154AH
771 9 Muh 154AH - 19 Muh 155AH
772 20 Muh 155AH - 1 Saf 156AH
773 2 Saf 156AH - 12 Saf 157AH
774 13 Saf 157H - 22 Saf 158H
775 23 Saf 158H - 3 R.A 159H
  Al Mahdi becomes the Caliph
776 4 R.A 159H - 15 R.A 160H
777 16 R.A 160H - 25 R.A 161H
778 26 R.A 161H - 6 R.T 162H
  Charlemagne of France raids Muslim Spain
779 7 R.T 162H - 17 R.T 163H
780 18 R.T 163H - 29 R.T 164H
  Charlemagne invades German territories and converts the Germans to Christianity
781 1 J.A 164H - 11 J.A 165H
  Ibn Jabir invents the science of chemistry
782 12 J.A 165H - 21 J.A 166H
783 22 J.A 166H - 2 J.T 167H
784 3 J.T 167H - 13 J.T 168H
785 14 J.T 168H - 24 J.T 169H
  Al Hadi becomes the Caliph
786 25 J.T 169H - 5 Rej 170H
  Harun al Rashid becomes the Caliph. Golden age of Baghdad
787 6 Rej 170H - 16 Rej 171H
788 17 Rej 171H - 28 Rej 172H
  Beginning of the Idrisid dynasty in North Africa
789 29 Rej 172H - 9 Syab 173H
790 10 Syab 173H - 20 Syab 174H
  The manufacture of paper is introduced into Baghdad from China
791 21 Syab 174H - 1 Ramad 175H
792 2 Ramad 175H - 12 Ramad 176H
793 13 Ramad 176H - 22 Ramad 177H
794 23 Ramad 177H - 3 Syaw 178H
795 4 Syaw 178H - 14 Syaw 179H
  Death of Imam Malik bin Anas, after whom the Maliki school of Fiqh is named
796 15 Syaw 179H - 26 Syaw 180H
797 27 Syaw 180H - 7 Zulqa' 181H
798 8 Zulqa' 181H - 18 Zulqa' 182H
799 19 Zulqa' 182H - 29 Zulqa' 183H
  Zubaida, wife of Harun al Rashid performs the Hajj and builds rest houses for hajjis on the road
  Death of Imam Muza al Kazim
 

back to top

800 30 Zulqa' 183H - 11 Zulhij 184H
  Harun al Rashid and Charlemagne exchange ambassadors
801 12 Zulhij 184H - 21 Zulhij 185H
  The city of Fez is established
  Charlemagne begins an invasion of Muslim Spain
802 22 Zulhij 185H - 2 Muh 187H
  Death of Rabia al Adawiya one of the most celebrated spiritual luminaries and a teacher of Sufi masters
803 3 Muh 187H - 13 Muh 188H
804 14 Muh 188H - 24 Muh 189H
805 25 Muh 189H - 6 Saf 190H
806 7 Saf 190H - 17 Saf 191H
807 18 Saf 191H - 27 Saf 192H
808 28 Saf 192H - 9 R.A 193H
809 10 R.A 193H - 20 R.A 194H
  Death of Harun al Rashid. Al Amin becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
810 21 R.A 194H - 1 R.T 195H
811 2 R.T 195H - 11 R.T 196H
812 12 R.T 196H - 22 R.T 197H
813 23 R.T 197H - 4 J.A 198H
  Al Mamun succeeds his brother Al Amin as the Caliph
814 5 J.A 198H - 15 J.A 199H
  Death of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Empire in Europe begins to disintegrate
815 16 J.A 199H - 26 J.A 200H
  Al Khwarizmi invents the science of Algebra and develops the mathematics of equations
  Viking raids from the North ravage Europe
  The Abbasid Empire begins a slow process of disintegration. The Idrisids in North Africa and the Tahirids in Persia become autonomous
 

back to top

816 27 J.A 200H - 8 J.T 201H
817 9 J.T 201H - 18 J.T 202H
818 19 J.T 202H - 29 J.T 203H
  Death of Imam Ali al Rida
819 30 J.T 203H - 10 Rej 204H
820 11 Rej 204H - 21 Rej 205H
  Death of Imam al Shafie after whom the Shafie school of Fiqh is named.
  Rise of the Aghlabids in North Africa
821 22 Rej 205H - 2 Syab 206H
822 3 Syab 206H - 13 Syab 207H
  Music flourishes at the court of Cordoba under the musician al Zirhab
  The Aghlabid armies from North Africa invade Sicily
823 14 Syab 207H - 24 Syab 208H
824 25 Syab 208H - 6 Ramad 209H
825 7 Ramad 209H - 17 Ramad 210H
826 18 Ramad 210H - 28 Ramad 211H
827 29 Ramad 211H - 8 Syaw 212H
  Caliph al Mamun adopts Mutazilite doctrines as court dogma
  The Idrisids capture Crete, Sardinia and Sicily
828 9 Syaw 212H - 20 Syaw 213H
829 21 Syaw 213H - 1 Zulqa' 214H
830 2 Zulqa' 214H - 11 Zulqa' 215H
  Caliph al Mamun patronizes the Bait ul Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad and encourages translation of Greek and Sanskrit books into arabic. The Muslims develop concept of decimals in mathematics
831 12 Zulqa' 215H - 22 Zulqa' 216H
  Muslims capture Palermo Italy
832 23 Zulqa' 216H - 4 Zulhij 217H
833 5 Zulhij 217H - 15 Zulhij 218H
  Death of Al Mamun. Al Mutasim becomes the Caliph and enlists Turks into the army
834 16 Zulhij 218H - 26 Zulhij 219H
835 27 Zulhij 219H - 7 Muh 221H
  Death of Imam al Jawwad
836 8 Muh 221H - 18 Muh 222H
837 19 Muh 222H - 29 Muh 223H
838 30 Muh 223H - 10 Saf 224H
  Umayyad armies from Spain occupy Marseilles France
839 11 Saf 224H - 20 Saf 225H
840 21 Saf 225H - 3 R.A 226H
  Death of Al Khwarizmi mathematician , Sufi Shaykh
841 4 Rabiulawal 226H - 14 Rabiulawal 227H
842 15 Rabiulawal 227H - 25 Rabiulawal 228H
  Al Wathiq becomes the Caliph
843 26 Rabiulawal 228H - 6 Rabiulthani 229H
844 7 Rabiulthani 229H - 17 Rabiulthani 230H
845 18 Rabiulthani 230H - 28 Rabiulthani 231H
846 29 Rabiulthani 231H - 8 Jamadilawal 232
  The Aghlabids in North Africa occupy Pisa and conduct a raid on Rome
 

back to top

847 9 Jamadilawal 232H - 19 Jamadilawal 233H
  Al Mutawakkil becomes the Caliph abandons Mutazilite doctrines
848 20 Jamadilawal 233H - 1 Jamadilthani 234H
849 2 Jamadilthani 234H - 12 Jamadilthani 235H
850 13 Jamadilthani 235H - 23 Jamadilthani 236H
  Turkish influence in the Caliphate grows
851 24 Jamadilthani 236H - 4 Rejab 237H
852 5 Rejab 237H - 16 Rejab 238H
853 17 Rejab 238H - 26 Rejab 239H
854 27 Rejab 239H - 7 Syaban 240H
855 8 Syaban 240H - 17 Syaban 241H
  Death of Imam ibn Hanbal after whom the Hanbali school of FIqh is named
856 18 Syaban 241H - 29 Syaban 242H
857 30 Syaban 242H - 10 Ramadan 243H
858 11 Ramadan 243H - 21 Ramadan 244H
859 22 Ramadan 244H - 2 Syawal 245H
860 3 Syawal 245H - 14 Syawal 246H
   
861 15 Syawal 246H - 25 Syawal 247H
  University of Kairaouine ( established 859 CE ) in Fes Morocco. Caliph al Mutawakkil is murdered in Baghdad. Al Muntasir becomes the Caliph
862 26 Syawal 247H - 6 Zulqa'dah 248H
863 7 Zulqa'dah 248H - 16 Zulqa'dah 249H
864 17 Zulqa'dah 249H - 28 Zulqa'dah 250H
865 29 Zulqa'dah 250H - 8 Zulhijjah 251H
866 9 Zulhijjah 251H - 19 Zulhijjah 252H
  Al Mutaz becomes the Caliph
867 20 Zulhijjah 252H - 30 Zulhijjah 253H
868 1 Muharram 254H - 12 Muharram 255H
  Egypt becomes autonomous under the Tulunids
  Palermo in Sicily becomes a center of Islamic learning
  Death of Imam al Hadi
869 13 Muharram 255H - 23 Muharram 256H
870 24 Muharram 256H - 4 Safar 257H
  The Zanj workers from East Africa revolt in Iraq
  Death of Al Farabi and Al Kindi noted men of science
  Death of Al Tabari renowned physician
  The Muslims capture Malta
  Al Mutamid becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
871 5 Safar 257H - 15 Safar 258H
872 16 Safar 258H - 26 Safar 259H
873 27 Safar 259H - 7 Rabiulawal 260H
874 8 Rabiulawal 260H - 18 Rabiulawal 261H
  Death of Abul Hussain Muslim, compiler of Hadith
  Death of Imam al Askari
  Death of Al Kindi mathematician astronomer
  Death of Al Bistami one of the most celebrated Sufi Shaikhs
 

back to top

875 19 Rabiulawal 261H - 28 Rabiulawal 262H
  Hamdan Karamat starts the Karamatian movement
  The Sassanids establish themselves in Bokhara
876 29 Rabiulawal 262H - 11 Rabiulthani 263H
877 12 Rabiulthani 263H - 22 Rabiulthani 264H
878 23 Rabiulthani 264H - 3 Jamadilawal 265H
  Disappearance of Imam al Muntazar the Twelth Imam
  Beginning of belief in the hidden Imam
879 4 Jamadilawal 265H - 14 Jamadilawal 266H
880 15 Jamadilawal 266H - 25 Jamadilawal 267H
  The Aghlabids lose southern Italy to Christian forces
881 26 Jamadilawal 267H - 6 Jamadilthani 268H
882 7 Jamadilthani 268H - 16 Jamadilthani 269H
  A rebellion of the Zanj in Iraq is crushed
883 17 Jamadilthani 269H - 27 Jamadilthani 270H
884 28 Jamadilthani 270H - 9 Rejab 271H
885 10 Rejab 271H - 20 Rejab 272H
886 21 Rejab 272H - 1 Syaban 273H
887 2 Syaban 273H - 12 Syaban 274H
  Peasant revolt in China against foreigners forces out the Muslims of Canton
888 13 Syaban 274H - 23 Syaban 275H
889 24 Syaban 275H - 4 Ramadan 276H
  Death of Ibn Kutaiba historian
890 5 Ramadan 276H - 15 Ramadan 277H
  Spanish Muslims re-establish bases in southern France and conduct raids into Switzerland
891 16 Ramadan 277H - 25 Ramadan 278H
892 26 Ramadan 278H - 7 Syawal 279H
  Death of Muhammed al Tharmidi historian
  Al Mutadid becomes the Caliph
893 8 Syawal 279H - 18 Syawal 280H
  The Karamatians capture Yemen
894 19 Syawal 280H - 29 Syawal 281H
895 30 Syawal 281H - 10 Syawal 282H
896 11 Syawal 282H - 22 Zulqa'dah 283H
897 23 Zulqa'dah 283H - 3 Zulhijjah 284H
898 4 Zulhijjah 284H - 14 Zulhijjah 285H
  Imam al Hadi Yahya establishes a Zaidi state in Yemen
 

back to top

899 15 Zulhijjah 285H - 24 Zulhijjah 286H
900 25 Zulhijjah 286H - 6 Muharram 288H
  The Arabian Nights are compiled
  Improvements appear in the design and use of the Astrolabe
  The Kharijites establish a dynasty in Sijilmasa North Africa
901 7 Muharram 288H - 16 Muharram 289H
  The Samanids emerge in Khorasan Persia
902 17 Muharram 289H - 27 Muharram 290H
  Al Muktafi becomes the Caliph
903 28 Muharram 290H - 9 Safar 291H
  The Karamatians plunder Damascus
904 10 Safar 291H - 20 Safar 292H
  Muslim armies capture Solonika from the Byzantines
905 21 Safar 292H - 2 Rabiulawwal 293H
906 3 Rabiulawwal 293H - 12 Rabiulawwal 294H
907 13 Rabiulawwal 294H - 22 Rabiulawwal 295H
  Abu Abdullah Fatimid leader moves to North Africa 
908 23 Rabiulawal 295H - 4 Rabiulthani 296H
  Al Muqtadir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
909 5 Rabiulthani 296H - 15 Rabiulthani 297H
  The Fatimids establish themselves in North Africa
  Ubaidulla al Mahdi becomes the first Fatimid Caliph
910 16 Rabiulthani 297 - 25 Rabiulthani 298H
  Al Razi conducts research into infectious diseases including small pox,rabies and the plague
911 26 Rabiulthani 298H - 7 Jamadilawwal 299H
912 8 Jamadilawwal 299H - 19 Jamadilawwal 300H
  Reign of Abdul Rahman III in Spain (912 - 961). Cordoba becomes the premier city of Europe. Golden age of Spain. Science and civilization thrive.
 

back to top

913 20 Jamadilawwal 300H - 30 Jamadilawwal 301H
914 1 Jamadilthani 301H - 11 Jamadilthani 302
  Nasr al Saeed of the Samanids in Khorasan favors the Fatimids over the Abbasids
915 12 Jamadilthani 302 - 21 Jamadilthani 303H
  The Kharijites establish themselves in southern Morocco
  The Fatimids raid Egypt
916 22 Jamadilthani 303H - 3 Rejab 304H
917 4 Rejab 304H - 14 Rejab 305H
918 15 Rejab 305H - 24 Rejab 306H
919 25 Rejab 306H - 5 Syaban 307H
920 6 Syaban 307H - 17 Syaban 308H
921 18 Syaban 308H - 28 Syaban 309H
922 29 Syaban 309H - 9 Ramadan 310H
  Mansur al Hallaj Persian mystic is executed for his esoteric views
  Beginning of the Tahirid dynasty in Iraq
923 10 Ramadan 310H - 20 Ramadan 311H
  Death of Abu Tabari, noted commentator on the Quran
924 21 Ramadan 311H - 2 Syawal 312H
925 3 Syawal 312H - 12 Syawal 313H
  Death of Al Razi doctor of medicine
926 13 Syawal 313H - 22 Syawal 314H
927 23 Syawal 314H - 3 Zulqa'dah 315H
928 4 Zulqa'dah 315H - 15 Zulqa'dah 316H
929 16 Zulqa'dah 316H - 26 Zulqa'dah 317H
  In response to Fatimid claims to the Caliphate, Abdul Rahman III of Spain assumes the title of Caliph and protector of Sunni Muslims in North Africa
930 27 Zulqa'dah 317H - 8 Zulhijjah 318H
  The Karamatians raid Mecca and carry off the Hijr e Aswad from the Haram to Bahrain
931 9 Zulhijjah 318H - 18 Zulhijjah 319H
  Abdur Rahman III occupies Ceuta
  The Fatimids capture Algeria
932 19 Zulhijjah 319H - 30 Zulhijjah 320H
  The Buyids establish their rule in southern Iraq
  Al Qahir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
933 1 Muharram 321H - 11 Muharram 322H
  The Ishkedids displace the Tulunids in Egypt and rule until 969
934 12 Muharram 322H - 21 Muharram 323H
  Al Radi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Qaim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
935 22 Muharram 323H - 2 Safar 324H
936 3 Safar 324H - 14 Safar 325H
  Death of Al Ashari (874-936), highly influential theologian who reconciled Mutazilite doctrines with orthodox theology. Author of ''occasionalism' in philosophy 
937 15 Safar 325H - 25 Safar 326H
938 26 Safar 326H - 6 Rabiulawwal 327H
   
939 7 Rabiulawwal 327H - 17 Rabiulawwal 328H
  Abdul RAhman III of Spain captures Fraxinetum, Valais,Geneva, Toulon and Great St. Bernard
940 18 Rabiulawwal 328H - 28 Rabiulawwal 329H
  Extensive postal services are established by the Abbasids
  Al Muttaqi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
 

back to top

941 29 Rabiulawwal 329H - 9 Rabiulthani 330H
942 10 Rabiulthani 330H - 20 Rabiulthani 331H
943 21 Rabiulthani 331H - 1 Jamadilawwal 332H
944 2 Jamadilawwal 332H - 12 Jamadilawwal 333H
945 13 Jamadilawwal 333H - 23 Jamadilawwal 334H
  The Buyids temporarily capture Baghdad
946 24 Jamadilawwal 334H - 4 Jamadilthani 335H
  Al Mutee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Mansur becomes the Fatimid Caliph
947 5 Jamadilthani 335H - 15 Jamadilthani 336H
948 16 Jamadilthani 336H - 27 Jamadilthani 337H
949 28 Jamadilthani 337H - 8 Rejab 338H
   
950 9 Rejab 338H - 19 Rejab 339H
  Death of Al Farabi , noted scientist, philosopher, jurist,author of treatises on ethics, music and logic, Sufi Shaykh
951 20 Rejab 339H - 29 Rejab 340H
  The Ikhwan as Safa in Iraq compile an Ecyclopedia of Knowledge
952 30 Rejab 340H - 11 Syaban 341H
953 12 Syaban 341H - 21 Syaban 342H
  Al Muiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in North Africa
954 22 Syaban 342H - 2 Ramadan 342H
955 3 Ramadan 342H - 13 Ramadan 344H
  Sharp naval engagements between the navies of Al Muiz and Abdul Rahman III off the coast of Spain
956 14 Ramadan 344H - 25 Ramadan 345H
957 26 Ramadan 345H - 6 Syawal 346H
  Al Masudi, the historian, passes away
958 7 Syawal 346H - 17 Syawal 347H
959 18 Syawal 347H - 28 Syawal 348H
960 29 Syawal 348H - 9 Zulqa'dah 349H
   
961 10 Zulqa'dah 349H - 20 Zulqa'dah 350H
  Death of Abdul Rahman III
  The Oghuz family of Turks in Central Asia accepts Islam
962 21 Zulqa'dah 350H - 1 Zulhijjah 351H
  The Seljuk, Alaptagin, establishes a kingdom in Ghazna Afghanistan
963 2 Zulhijjah 351H - 11 Zulhijjah 352H
964 12 Zulhijjah 352H - 23 Zulhijjah 353H
965 24 Zulhijjah 353H - 5 Muharram 355H
966 6 Muharram 355H - 16 Muharram 356H
967 17 Muharram 356H - 26 Muharram 357H
968 27 Muharram 357H - 8 Safar 358H
  The Umayyads establish a university in Cordoba
969 9 Safar 358H - 19 Safar 359H
  The Fatimids conquer Egypt and establish the city of Cairo
970 20 Safar 359H - 29 Safar 360H
  The Fatimids capture Syria, Mecca and Madina and lay claim to the leadership of the Islamic world. Fatimid rule in Multan ( modern Pakistan ). Brisk trade between Alexandria, Egypt and Venice, Italy
971 30 Safar 360H - 10 Rabiulawwal 361H
  The Fatimids establish Al-Azhar University in Cairo
972 11 Rabiulawwal 361H - 22 Rabiulawwal 362H
973 23 Rabiulawwal 362H - 3 Rabiulthani 363H
   
974 4 Rabiulthani 363H - 14 Rabiulthani 364H
  Al Ta'ee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
975 15 Rabiulthani 364H - 25 Rabiulthani 365H
  Death of Al Muiz, Fatimid Caliph of Egypt. Al Aziz becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Muslim astronomers publish manuscripts showing constellations of stars
976 26 Rabiulthani 365H - 7 Jamadilawwal 366H
977 8 Jamadilawwal 366H - 17 Jamadilawwal 367H
978 18 Jamadilawwal 367H - 27 Jamadilawwal 368H
979 28 Jamadilawwal 368H - 8 Jamadilthani 369H
980 9 Jamadilthani 369H - 20 Jamadilthani 370H
981 21 Jamadilthani 370H - 1 Rejab 371H
982 2 Rejab 371H - 12 Rejab 372H
983 13 Rejab 372H - 23 Rejab 373H
984 24 Rejab 373H - 5 Syaban 374H
985 6 Syaban 374H - 16 Syaban 375H 
986 17 Syaban 375H - 26 Syaban 376H
987 27 Syaban 376H - 7 Ramadan 377H
988 8 Ramadan 377H - 19 Ramadan 378H
  Count Vladimir of Kiev embraces Eastern Orthodox Christianity
989 20 Ramadan 378H - 29 Ramadan 379H
990 1 Syawal 379H - 10 Syawal 380H
991 11 Syawal 380H - 21 Syawal 381H
  Al Qadir becomes the Abbasid Caliph
992 22 Syawal 381H - 4 Zulqa'dah 382H
993 5 Zulqa'dah 382H - 14 Zulqa'dah 383H
994 15 Zulqa'dah 383H - 25 Zulqa'dah 384H
995 26 Zulqa'dah 384H - 6 Zulhijjah 385H
996 7 Zulhijjah 385H - 17 Zulhijjah 386H
  Al Hakim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Pope Pious XI declares the Crusades against Muslim
997 18 Zulhijjah 386H - 28 Zulhijjah 387H
  Mahmud succeeds Alaptagin in Ghazna and dominates Central Asia
 

back to top

998 29 Zulhijjah 387H - 9 Muharram 389H
999 10 Muharram 389H - 19 Muharram 390H
 

Large scale Turkish migrations into Central Asia.

 

Kara Khani Turks occupy Bukhara.

 

Mahmud of Ghazna annexes Khorasan.

 

back to top

1000 20 Muharram 390H - 2 Safar 391H
 

Mahmud makes the first of seventeen raids into India.

 

The Chinese use gunpowder to propel arrows.

1001 3 Safar 391H - 13 Safar 392H
 

Mahmud starts campaigns to capture Peshawar, Bhera, Nagarkot, Tarain, Thaneshwar and Kanauj in India.

1002 14 Safar 392H - 23 Safar 393H
1003 24 Safar 393H - 4 Rabiulawwal 394H
1004 5 Rabiulawwal 394H - 16 Rabiulawwal 395H
 

Mahmud defeats Dawud, Fatimid ruler of Multan.

1005 17 Rabiulawwal 395H - 26 Rabiulawwal 396H
1006 27 Rabiulawwal 396H - 7 Rabiulthani 397H
1007 8 Rabiulthani 397H - 18 Rabiulthani 398H
1008 19 Rabiulthani 398H - 30 Rabiulthani 399H
1009 1 Jamadilawwal 399H - 11 Jamadilawwal 400H
1010 12 Jamadilawwal 400H - 22 Jamadilawwal 401H
1011 23 Jamadilawwal 401H - 3 Jamadilthani 402H
1012 4 Jamadilthani 402H - 15 Jamadilthani 403H
1013 16 Jamadilthani 403H - 25 Jamadilthani 404H
1014 26 Jamadilthani 404H - 6 Rejab 405H
1015 7 Rejab 405H - 16 Rejab 406H
1016 17 Rejab 406H - 28 Rejab 407H
 

The Christians reclaim Sardinia.

1017 29 Rejab 407H - 9 Syaban 408H
 

Beginning of the Druze sect in Lebanon.

1018 10 Syaban 408H - 20 Syaban 409H
1019 21 Syaban 409H - 1 Ramadan 410H
1020 2 Ramadan 410H - 13 Ramadan 411H
 

Death of Firdowsi of Persia, author of Shah Nama.

 

Mahmud establishes Lahore as the capital of Punjab.

 

Death of Fatimid Caliph al Hakim who had claimed divinity.

1021 14 Ramadan 411H - 23 Ramadan 412H
 

Al Zahir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1022 24 Ramadan 412H - 4 Syawal 413H
1023 5 Syawal 413H - 15 Syawal 414H
1024 16 Syawal 414H - 26 Syawal 415H
 

Mahmud raids temple of Somanath in Gujrat, India.

1025 27 Syawal 415H - 8 Zulqa'dah 416H
 

Al Baruni publishes Kitab ul Hind, a penetrating study of the people of India.

1026 9 Zulqa'dah 416H - 19 Zulqa'dah 417H
1027 20 Zulqa'dah 417H - 30 Zulqa'dah 418H
1028 1 Zulhijjah 418H - 12 Zulhijjah 419H
1029 13 Zulhijjah 419H - 22 Zulhijjah 420H
1030 23 Zulhijjah 420H - 3 Muharram 422H
 

Death of Mahmud of Ghazna.
Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista.

 

back to top

1031 4 Muharram 422H - 14 Muharram 423H
 

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba disintegrates. Spain breaks up into petty emirates. The Christian kingdoms of Castille, Leon and Portugal position themselves to attack the Muslim territories.

 

Al Qaim becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1032 15 Muharram 423H - 25 Muharram 424H
 

The Church of Constantinople breaks with the Church of Rome over the issue of icons in the Church.

1033 26 Muharram 424H - 6 Safar 425H
1034 7 Safar 425H - 17 Safar 426H
1035 18 Safar 426H - 28 Safar 427H
1036 29 Safar 427H - 10 Rabiulawwal 428H
 

Taghril Beg becomes Seljuk Sultan.

 

Al Mustansir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1037 11 Rabiulawwal 428H - 21 Rabiulawwal 429H
 

Death of Abu Ali ibn Sina, one of the greatest of physicians.

 

Ferdinand I, king of Castille, captures Leon.

1038 22 Rabiulawwal 429H - 2 Rabiulthani 430H
 

Death of Al Hazen, noted physicist.

1039 3 Rabiulthani 430H - 12 Rabiulthani 431H
1040 13 Rabiulthani 431H - 23 Rabiulthani 432H
1041 24 Rabiulthani 432H - 4 Jamadilawwal 433H
   
1042 5 Jamadilawwal 433H - 15 Jamadilawwal 434H
   
1043 16 Jamadilawwal 434H - 26 Jamadilawwal 435H
 

The Fatimid Empire begins to crumble. Mecca, Madina, Yemen and North Africa are lost by the Fatimids.

1044 27 Jamadilawwal 435H - 8 Jamadilthani 436H
1045 9 Jamadilthani 436H - 19 Jamadilthani 437H
1046 20 Jamadilthani 437H - 30 Jamadilthani 438H
1047 1 Rejab 438H - 11 Rejab 439H
1048 12 Rejab 439H - 22 Rejab 440H
 

Death of al Bairuni, historian, author of Kitab ul Hind.

1049 23 Rejab 440H - 3 Syaban 441H
1050 4 Syaban 441H - 14 Syaban 442H
 

The Christians advance in Sicily.

1051 15 Syaban 442H - 24 Syaban 443H
 

Beginning of the Murabitun revolution in West Africa.

1052 25 Syaban 443H - 6 Ramadan 444H
1053 7 Ramadan 444H - 17 Ramadan 445H
1054 18 Ramadan 445H - 28 Ramadan 446H
1055 29 Ramadan 446H - 9 Syawal 447H
   
1056 10 Syawal 447H - 21 Syawal 448H
 

The Seljuk Taghril Beg and the Buyid Basisiri contest the control of Baghdad.

1057 22 Syawal 448H - 2 Zulqa'dah 449H
1058 3 Zulqa'dah 449H - 12 Zulqa'dah 450H
 

Taghril Beg is anointed by Abbasid Caliph Kaim as “sultan of the east and the west” for his role in protecting the Abbasid Caliphate.

1059 13 Zulqa'dah 450H - 23 Zulqa'dah 451H
1060 24 Zulqa'dah 451H - 5 Zulhijjah 452H
 

The Seljuk Turks advance into Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

 

The Crusaders raid the coast of North Africa.

 

back to top

1061 6 Zulhijjah 452H - 16 Zulhijjah 453H
 

The Murabitun capture Morocco.

 

The Murabitun establish the city of Marrakesh as their capital.

1062 17 Zulhijjah 453H - 27 Zulhijjah 454H
1063 28 Zulhijjah 454H - 8 Muharram 456H
 

Taghril Beg dies childless. His nephew Alap Arsalan becomes the Seljuk sultan.

1064 9 Muharram 456H - 20 Muharram 457H
1065 21 Muharram 457H - 1 Safar 458H
1066 2 Safar 458H - 11 Safar 459H
1067 12 Safar 459H - 21 Safar 460H
1068 22 Safar 460H - 3 Rabiulawwal 461H
 

Beginning of the Songhay Empire in West Africa.

1069 4 Rabiulawwal 461H - 14 Rabiulawwal 462H
1070 15 Rabiulawwal 462H - 25 Rabiulawwal 463H
1071 26 Rabiulawwal 463H - 6 Rabiulthani 464H
1072 7 Rabiulthani 464H - 18 Rabiulthani 465H
 

Battle of Manzikert. The Seljuk Turks under Alap Arsalan defeat the Byzantines under Emperor Romanus and open up Anatolia for Turkish settlement.

 

The Christians capture Palermo in Sicily.

1073 19 Rabiulthani 465H - 28 Rabiulthani 466H
1074 29 Rabiulthani 466H - 9 Jamadilawwal 467H
1075 10 Jamadilawwal 467H - 20 Jamadilawwal 468H
 

The Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah retakes Syria from the Fatimids.

 

Al Muqtadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph.

1076 21 Jamadilawwal 468H - 2 Jamadilthani 469H
1077 3 Jamadilthani 469H - 12 Jamadilthani 470H
 

Birth of Abdul Qader Jeelani, celebrated Sufi sage.

1078 13 Jamadilthani 470H - 23 Jamadilthani 471H
1079 24 Jamadilthani 471H - 4 Rejab 472H
1080 5 Rejab 472H - 16 Rejab 473H
1081 17 Rejab 473H - 27 Rejab 474H
1082 28 Rejab 474H - 8 Syaban 475H
1083 9 Syaban 475H - 19 Syaban 476H
1084 20 Syaban 476H - 1 Ramadan 477H
1085 2 Ramadan 477H - 11 Ramadan 478H
 

Alfonso I of Castile captures Toledo, the ancient capital of Visigoth Spain. The extensive libraries of Toledo become accessible to Christian Europe.

1086 12 Ramadan 478H - 22 Ramadan 479H
 

The Murabitun emir, Yusuf bin Tashfin, advances into Spain at the head of a powerful African force.

 

The Nizamiya College is founded in Baghdad by Nizam ul Mulk, grand vizier to Sultan Malik Shah.

 

back to top

1087 23 Ramadan 479H - 3 Syawal 480H
 

Yusuf bin Tashfin defeats Alfonso VI at the Battle of Sagrajas.

 

The Crusaders sack Mahdiya in North Africa.

 

The assassin terror grows in Iraq and Syria.

1088 4 Syawal 480H - 14 Syawal 481H
1089 15 Syawal 481H - 25 Syawal 482H
1090 26 Syawal 482H - 7 Zulqa'dah 483H
 

Al Ghazzali teaches at NizamiyaCollege, Baghdad.

 

The Crusaders capture Malta.

 

The assassins capture Alamut in northern Syria and establish a training center for fidayees.

1091 8 Zulqa'dah 483H - 17 Zulqa'dah 484H
 

End of Muslim presence in Sicily.

 

Smyrna in Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

 

Death of Sultan Malik Shah.

 

The assassins murder grand vizier Nizam ul Mulk.

1092 18 Zulqa'dah 484H - 29 Zulqa'dah 485H
1093 30 Zulqa'dah 485H - 9 Zulhijjah 486H
1094 10 Zulhijjah 486H - 20 Zulhijjah 487H
 

Al Mustansir becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

 

Al Mustadi becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.

1095 21 Zulhijjah 487H - 1 Muharram 489H
 

Pope Urban II declares a Crusade to take Jerusalem.

 

Al Afdal, grand vizier of Fatimid Egypt, recaptures Jerusalem from Turkish emir Duqaq of Damascus.

1096 2 Muharram 489H - 13 Muharram 490H
 

The start of the First Crusade.

1097 14 Muharram 490H - 24 Muharram 491H
 

Konya Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

  The Turks retreat before the advancing Crusaders.
  The Fatimids in Egypt start negotiations with the Crusaders to divide up Seljuk territories.
1098 25 Muharram 491H - 5 Safar 492H
 

The Crusaders capture Antioch.

1099 6 Safar 492H - 16 Safar 493H
 

Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. The Muslims and the Jews are massacred. Baldwin becomes king of Jerusalem.

 

back to top

1100 17 Safar 493H - 27 Safar 494H
 

Al Ghazzali writes a powerful diatribe, Tahaffuz al Falsafa, against speculative philosophy. In Ihya al Uloom, he accords tasawwuf an honored position in the Islamic sciences.

1101 28 Safar 494H - 8 Rabiulawwal 495H
1102 9 Rabiulawwal 495H - 19 Rabiulawwal 496H
1103 20 Rabiulawwal 496H - 29 Rabiulawwal 497H
1104 1 Rabiulthani 497H - 11 Rabiulthani 498H
1105 12 Rabiulthani 498H - 22 Rabiulthani 499H
1106 23 Rabiulthani 499H - 3 Jamadilawwal 500H
 

Death of Yusuf bin Tashfin, emir of the Murabitun.

1107 4 Jamadilawwal 500H - 14 Jamadilawwal 501H
1108 15 Jamadilawwal 501H - 26 Jamadilawwal 502H
1109 27 Jamadilawwal 502H - 7 Jamadilthani 503H
1110 8 Jamadilthani 503H - 17 Jamadilthani 504H
1111 18 Jamadilthani 504H - 27 Jamadilthani 505H
 

Abu Hamid al Ghazzali dies after transforming the intellectual landscape of the Islamic world.

1112 28 Jamadilthani 505H - 10 Rejab 506H
1113 11 Rejab 506H - 20 Rejab 507H
 

Maudud, a Seljuk officer from Mosul, defeats King Baldwin of Jerusalem.

1114 21 Rejab 507H - 1 Syaban 508H
1115 2 Syaban 508H - 12 Syaban 509H
1116 13 Syaban 509H - 24 Syaban 510H
1117 25 Syaban 510H - 5 Ramadan 511H
1118 6 Ramadan 511H - 16 Ramadan 512H
 

Al Mustarshid, Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1119 17 Ramadan 512H - 26 Ramadan 513H
1120 27 Ramadan 513H - 8 Syawal 514H
1121 9 Syawal 514H - 19 Syawal 515H
1122 20 Syawal 515H - 30 Syawal 516H
1123 1 Zulqa'dah 516H - 11 Zulqa'dah 517H
 

Death of Omar al Khayyam, mathematician, mystic.

1124 12 Zulqa'dah 517H - 23 Zulqa'dah 518H
 

Death of Hassan al Sabbah, leader of the Assassins.

1125 24 Zulqa'dah 518H - 4 Zulhijjah 519H
1126 5 Zulhijjah 519H - 15 Zulhijjah 520H
 

Archbishop Raymond establishes a school in Toledo to translate Arabic books into Latin.

1127 16 Zulhijjah 520H - 25 Zulhijjah 521H
 

The Assassins murder Turkish officer Maudud.

1128 26 Zulhijjah 521H - 7 Muharram 523H
1129 8 Muharram 523H - 17 Muharram 524H
1130 18 Muharram 524H - 28 Muharram 525H
 

Death of ibn Tumart, leader of the Al Muhaddithin.

1131  29 Muharram 525H - 9 Safar 526H
1132 10 Safar 526H - 21 Safar 527H
 

Roger II of Sicily invites Muslim scholars to work at his court.

 

back to top

1133 22 Safar 527H - 2 Rabiulawwal 528H
1134 3 Rabiulawwal 528H - 13 Rabiulawwal 529H
1135 14 Rabiulawwal 529H - 24 Rabiulawwal 530H
1136 25 Rabiulawwal 530H - 6 Rabiulthani 531H
1137 7 Rabiulthani 531H - 16 Rabiulthani 532H
1138 17 Rabiulthani 532H - 26 Rabiulthani 533H
1139 27 Rabiulthani 533H - 7 Jamadilawwal 534H
 

Birth of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti, Sufi sage.

1140 8 Jamadilawwal 534H - 19 Jamadilawwal 535H
1141 20 Jamadilawwal 535H - 30 Jamadilawwal 536H
 

The Kara Kitai Turkomans defeat the Seljuks at Amu Darya.

1142 1 Jamadilthani 536H - 11 Jamadilthani 537H
1143 12 Jamadilthani 537H - 22 Jamadilthani 538H
1144 23 Jamadilthani 538H - 4 Rejab 539H
  The Seljuks, under Zengi, recapture Edessa.
  Pope Eugene declares the Second Crusade.
1145 5 Rejab 539H - 15 Rejab 540H
  The Second Crusade collapses in Anatolia but succeeds in capturing Lisbon in Portugal.
  End of the Murabitun rule in Andalus.
1146 16 Rejab 540H - 25 Rejab 541H
  The al Muhaddithin captures Morocco.
  The assassins murder Seljuk Emir Zengi.
1147 26 Rejab 541 - 6 Syaban 542H
1148 7 Syaban 542H - 17 Syaban 543H
1149 18 Syaban 543H - 28 Syaban 544H
 

Al Zafir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1150 29 Syaban 544H - 9 Ramadan 545H
 

The University of Paris is established.

1151 10 Ramadan 545H - 20 Ramadan 546H
 

Al Idrisi constructs a map of the then known world.

1152 21 Ramadan 546H - 3 Syawal 547H
1153 4 Syawal 547H - 13 Syawal 548H
1154 14 Syawal 548H - 24 Syawal 549H
  The Kurdish officer Nuruddin, in Seljuk service, takes Damascus.
  Al Faiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.
1155 25 Syawal 549H - 5 Zulqa'dah 550H
1156 6 Zulqa'dah 550H - 16 Zulqa'dah 551H
1157 17 Zulqa'dah 551H - 27 Zulqa'dah 552H
 

The al Muhaddithin captures Andalus.

1158 28 Zulqa'dah 552H - 8 Zulhijjah 553H
1159 9 Zulhijjah 553H - 19 Zulhijjah 554H
1160 20 Zulhijjah 554H - 1 Muharram 556H
  Al Mustanjid becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
  Al Adid, the last of the Fatimids, becomes the Caliph in Cairo.
1161 2 Muharram 556H - 12 Muharram 557H
1162 13 Muharram 557H - 22 Muharram 558H
1163 23 Muharram 558H - 3 Safar 559H
 

The Seljuks and the Crusaders compete for influence in Fatimid Egypt.

1164 4 Safar 559H - 15 Safar 560H
1165 16 Safar 560H - 25 Safar 561H
1166 26 Safar 561H - 6 Rabiulawwal 562H
  Death of Shaykh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad, called Shaykh ul Mashaiq, founder of the Qadariya Sufi order.
  Death of the geographer, al Idrisi.
1167 7 Rabiulawwal 562H - 17 Rabiulawwal 563H
  Establishment of Oxford University in England.
 

back to top

1168 18 Rabiulawwal 563H - 29 Rabiulawwal 564H
1169 30 Rabiulawwal 564H - 10 Rabiulthani 565H
1170 11 Rabiulthani 565H - 21 Rabiulthani 566H
  Salahuddin takes Egypt from the Fatimids.
  Al Mustadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1171 22 Rabiulthani 566H - 2 Jamadilawwal 567H
  End of the Fatimid era. Egypt reverts to the Abbasid Caliphate.
1172 3 Jamadilawwal 567H - 13 Jamadilawwal 568H
1173 14 Jamadilawwal 568H - 24 Jamadilawwal 569H
  Ghiasuddin Ghori established the kingdom of Ghor in Afghanistan.
1174 25 Jamadilawwal 569H - 5 Jamadilthani 570H
1175 6 Jamadilthani 570H - 15 Jamadilthani 571H
  Salahuddin consolidates his hold on Syria and Egypt.
  Death of Ahmed al Rifai, founder of the Rifaiyah Sufi brotherhood.
1176 16 Jamadilthani 571H - 27 Jamadilthani 572H
1177 28 Jamadilthani 572H - 9 Rejab 573H
  Muhammed Ghori adds Multan, Uch, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh to his dominions.
1178 10 Rejab 573H - 19 Rejab 574H
1179 20 Rejab 574H - 1 Syaban 575H
  Muhammed Ghori starts campaigns to capture Peshawar and Sialkot.
1180 2 Syaban 575H - 12 Syaban 576H
1181 13 Syaban 576H - 22 Syaban 577H
1182 23 Syaban 577H - 3 Ramadan 578H
  Khwaja Muhammed Ghouse of Sindh introduces the Qadariya order into India and Pakistan.
1183 4 Ramadan 578H - 14 Ramadan 579H
1184 15 Ramadan 579H - 25 Ramadan 580H
1185 26 Ramadan 580H - 6 Syawal 581H
1186 7 Syawal 581H - 17 Syawal 582H
1187 18 Syawal 582H - 28 Syawal 583H
  Battle of Hittin. Salahuddin triumphs and recaptures Jerusalem.
  Muhammed Ghori captures Lahore.
1188 29 Syawal 583H - 11 Zulqa'dah 584H
  Pope Clement III launches the Third Crusade.
1189 12 Zulqa'dah 584H - 21 Zulqa'dah 585H
  Khwaja Moeenuddin Chisti moves to Ajmer, India and establishes the Chistiya order.
1190 22 Zulqa'dah 585H - 2 Zulhijjah 586H
  King Richard of England proposes a marriage between his sister and Saifuddin, brother of Salahuddin and for the two together to rule Jerusalem. The proposal is opposed by the Crusaders and is abandoned.
1191 3 Zulhijjah 586H - 12 Zulhijjah 587H
  Accra surrenders to the Crusaders after a long siege.
  Mohammed Ghori suffers a defeat at the Battle of Tarain and is forced to withdraw towards Kabul.
1192 13 Zulhijjah 587H - 24 Zulhijjah 588H
  Muhammed Ghori, victorious over the Rajputs, captures Delhi. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi is slain.
1193 25 Zulhijjah 588H - 5 Muharram 590H
 

Salahuddin passes away and is buried in Damascus.

1194 6 Muharram 590H - 16 Muharram 591H
1195 17 Muharram 591H - 27 Muharram 592H
1196 28 Muharram 592H - 9 Safar 593H
  The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos.
1197 10 Safar 593H - 20 Safar 594H
1198 21 Safar 594H - 1 Rabiulawwal 595H
  Death of ibn Rushd, of the great world philosophers.
1199 2 Rabiulawwal 595H - 11 Rabiulawwal 596H
  Pope Innocent III declares the Fourth Crusade.
 

back to top

1200 12 Rabiulawwal 596H - 22 Rabiulawwal 597H
  Islam takes roots in Indonesia.
  Alauddin Muhammed becomes the Shah of Khwarazm.
  The Crusaders capture Valencia.
  Cambridge University is established in England.
1201 23 Rabiulawwal 597H - 3 Rabiulthani 598H
  The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.
1202 4 Rabiulthani 598H - 14 Rabiulthani 599H
  The Delhi Sultanate is established.
1203 15 Rabiulthani 599H - 25 Rabiulthani 600H
  Death of Nizami, well known Farsi poet.
1204 26 Rabiulthani 600H - 7 Jamadilawwal 601H
  The Crusaders, led by Dondolo of Venice, sack Constantinople and loot its treasures.
  Johan Shah, ruler of Sumatra, accepts Islam.
1205 8 Jamadilawwal 601H - 18 Jamadilawwal 602H
  The Turkoman Kara Kitai defeats Mohammed Ghori.
  The Ghorids put down a rebellion in the Punjab.
1206 19 Jamadilawwal 602H - 29 Jamadilawwal 603H
  Genghiz Khan becomes the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes.
  The assassins murder Muhammed Ghori.
  The Delhi sultans advance towards Bengal.
1207 30 Jamadilawwal 603H - 10 Jamadilthani 604H
1208 11 Jamadilthani 604H - 21 Jamadilthani 605H
1209  
1210  
1211 : 608 AH
  Altumish ascends the throne of Delhi.
1212 : 609 AH
  The Crusaders defeat the al Muhaddith at the Battle of Las Novas de Tolosa.
1213  
1214  
1215 : 612 AH
  Genghiz Khan captures northern China; learns the use of gunpowder from the Chinese.
1216  
1217  
1218 : 615 AH
  The Fifth Crusade is directed against Egypt. The Egyptians open the Nile docks and drown the invaders.
1219 : 616 AH
  Genghiz Khan invades the territories of Shah Muhammed of Khorasan.
1220 : 617 AH
  Genghiz Khan devastates Central Asia.
1221 : 618 AH
  Genghiz Khan destroys Persia and Afghanistan.
  Prince Jalaluddin faces the Khan at the Battle of the Indus.
1222 : 619 AH
  Genghiz Khan returns to Mongolia.
1223 : 620 AH
  Ibn al Athir, celebrated historian, passes away.
 

back to top

1224  
1225  
1226  
1227 : 624 AH
  Death of Genghiz Khan. The Mongols continue their advance through West Asia and Eastern Europe.
1228 : 625 AH
  The Sixth Crusade, directed at Egypt and led by Emperor Frederick II of Germany fails.
1229  
1230 : 627 AH
  Sundiata starts consolidation of the Empire of Mali.
1231  
1232  
1233  
1234  
1235 : 632 AH
  Baba Fareed of Lahore becomes heads of the Chistiya order in India.
1236 : 633 AH
  Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, falls to the Crusaders.
  Razia rules as Queen of India.
  Death of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, the most celebrated awliya of the subcontinent.
  Al Mustansir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad.
1237  
1238  
1239  
   
1240 : 637 AH
  Death of ibn al Arabi, renowned Sufi Shaykh.
  Roger Bacon teaches in England.
1241  
1242 : 639 AH
  Al Musta’sim becomes the 37th and the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1243  
1244  
1245 : 643 AH
  At the Council of Lyons, Christian Europe resolves to seek an alliance with the Mongols against the Muslims. A Franciscan priest, John de Plano Carpini, arrives at the Mongol court to seek military assistance.
1246  
1247  
1248 : 646 AH
  Seville in Spain falls to the Christians.
  Ibn Ahmar starts the Nasirid dynasty in Granada.
1249 : 647 AH
  The Seventh Crusade, directed at Egypt by the Franks, is beaten back.
1250 : 648 AH
  Shajarat al Durr rules as Queen of Egypt.
1251 : 649 AH
  Hulagu Khan becomes the Mongol lord of Persia and Central Asia.
1252  
1253  
1254  
1255  
1256 : 654 AH
  Hulagu Khan destroys the Assassins.
1257 : 655 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, celebrated Farsi poet.
  Nizamuddin Awliya becomes head of the Chishtiya order in Delhi. Islam spreads in India.
1258 : 656 AH
  Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad. End of the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The curtain falls on the classic Islamic civilization. Caliph al Musta’sim is killed.
  Death of Ali al Shadhuli, founder of the Shadhuli Sufi order.
1259  
1260 : 658 AH
  Kublai Khan ascends the throne of China. Many capable Muslims work at the court of the Great Khan.
  Hulagu Khan storms Aleppo and massacres its inhabitants.
1261 : 659 AH
  The Mamlukes of Egypt install Al Mustansir as the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo.
  The Mamluke, Zahir Baybars of Egypt, defeats a combined army of Mongols, Armenians and Crusaders at the Battle of Ayn Jalut.
 

back to top

1262  
1263  
1264  
1265 : 663 AH
  Death of Hulagu Khan.
1266  
1267  
1268  
1269 : 667 AH
  The Merinide al Yakub captures Marrakesh.
1270  
1271  
1272  
1273 : 671 AH
  Death of Jalaluddin Rumi, author of Mathnavi, the most celebrated of Farsi poets and founder of the Maulavi Sufi order.
1274 : 672 AH
  Death of al Tusi, astronomer and inventor of the 2-axis gimbal.
  Emir al Yaqub of the Merinides defeats the Christians at the Battle of Ecija.
1275  
1276  
1277 : 676 AH
  Sultan Baybars defeats the Mongol armies at the Battle of Abulistan.
1278 : 677 AH
  Death of Sultan Baybars.
1279  
1280  
1281  
1282  
1283  
1284  
1285  
1286  
1287  
1288  
1289 : 688 AH
  The Mamlukes captures Acre, last Crusader stronghold in Syria.
1290 : 689 AH
  Sultan Malik Shah rules in Sumatra.
1291 : 690 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, well known Farsi poet.
1292  
1293  
1294 : 693 AH
  Marco Polo returns to Italy from journey to the East.
1295 : 694 AH
  Ghazan the Great, the Il Khan Emperor, accepts Islam.
 

back to top

1296  
1297  
1298  
1299  
   
1300 : 699 AH
  Alauddin Khilji consolidates his empire over the subcontinent. Malik Kafur advances into southern India.
1301 : 700 AH
  Uthman Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman Empire, consolidates his holdings around Burs and Eskishehir; he defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yalakova.
  The Mamlukes triumph over the Il Khans at the Battle of Marj as Suffar.
1302  
1303  
1304  
1305  
1306  
1307 : 706 AH
  Mansa Musa becomes emperor of Mali.
1308  
1309  
1310  
1311  
1312  
1313  
1314  
1315  
1316 : 716 AH
  Death of Alauddin Khilji, emperor of India.
1317  
1318  
1319  
1320 : 720 AH
  The Khilji dynasty in India collapses.
  Beginning of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1321  
1322  
1323  
1324 : 724 AH
  Mansa Musa performs his hajj with an entourage of 12000.
1325 : 725 AH
  Death of Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi.
  Ibn Batuta begins his journey around the world.
  Death of Amir Khusroe ,famed Sufi poet of India
1326 : 726 AH
  Death of Uthman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. His successor Sultan Orkhan captures Bursa.
  Death of ibn Taymiyah, noted scholar, considered to be the founder of the “salafi” school of thought.
1327  
1328  
1329  
1330  
1331  
1332  
1333 : 733 AH
  Yusuf I becomes emir of Granada, breaks with Castille, forms an alliance with the sultan of Morocco and makes a last attempt to capture Spain from the Christians.
1334 : 734 AH
  Ibn Batuta arrives in Delhi.
  Death of Shaykh Safiuddin Ishaq, after whom the Safavid dynasty of Persia is named.
1335 : 735 AH
  Death of Abu Said, Il Khanid Prince.
1336  
1337  
1338  
1339  
   
1340 : 740 AH
  The Yuan Emperor Toghon Timur of China sends an embassy to the court of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India.
  The Merinide navy defeats the Spaniards at the Battle of Tarifa.
 

back to top

1341 : 742 AH
  Death of Sultan ibn Qalawun of Egypt.
1342  
1343  
1344  
   
1345 : 746 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits Sultan Malik al Zahir of Pasai Indonesia.
1346 : 747 AH
  The Black Plague devastates Europe.
1347  
1348  
1349  
1350  
   
1351 : 752 AH
  Death of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India. The Tughlaq Empire begins to disintegrate.
1352  
1353  
   
1354 : 755 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits the Empire of Mali.
  The Ottomans capture Gallipoli and Ankara.
1355 : 756 AH
  Ibn Batuta returns to Tangier. The Merinide Sultan Abu Inan authorizes the writing of the Rehla of Ibn Batuta.
  The Genoese briefly occupy Tripoli, Libya.
1356  
1357 : 758 AH
  The Ottomans capture Erdirne.
1358  
1359  
1360  
1361  
1362  
1363  
1364  
1365  
1366  
1367  
1368 : 769 AH
  Timurlane, elected the leader of the Tatars, consolidates his hold on the valley of Farghana in Uzbekistan.
1369 : 770 AH
  Death of ibn Batuta.
1370  
1371  
1372  
1373  
1374  
1375 : 777 AH
  Dimitrius, Count of Moscow, wins a victory over the Tatar Golden Horde.
1376 : 778 AH
  The Golden Horde burns down Moscow.
1377  
1378  
1379  
   
1380 : 782 AH
  Timurlane begins his first campaign in Persia.
  Shaykh Awliya Karim al Maqdum introduces Islam into Mindanao, the Philippines.
  Kara Muhammed, leader of the Turkish tribe Kara Kuyunlu, establishes his kingdom near Mosul.
1381 : 783 AH
  The Ottomans capture Bulgaria.
1382  
1383  
1384  
1385 : 787 AH
  The Ottomans capture Thrace.
1386  
1387 : 789 AH
  Timurlane invades Russia and destroys the power of the Golden Horde. Russia begins its long march towards political consolidation.
1388  
1389 : 791 AH
  Bayazid I becomes the Ottoman sultan, defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosova.
  Death of Hafiz, one of the greatest of Farsi poets.
  Death of Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tareeqa of Bukhara.
1390 : 792 AH
  A combined French and Genoese force attacks Mahdiya, Tunisia.
1391 : 793 AH
  Bayazid I attacks Constantinople.
 

back to top

1392  
1393  
1394  
1395  
1396 : 798 AH
  Bayazid defeats the Crusader armies at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1397  
1398 : 800 AH
  Timur sacks Isfahan, Persia.
1399 : 801 AH
  Timur invades India, sacks Delhi, India.
  Castille sacks Tetuan, Morocco.
 

back to top

1400 : 802 AH
  Bayazid I lays siege to Constantinople.
1401 : 803 AH
  Timur defeats the Mamlukes of Egypt.
  Damascus surrenders to the Tatars.
  Timur sacks Baghdad.
1402 : 804 AH
  Timur defeats Bayazid I at the Battle of Ankara.
  Sulaiman I becomes the Ottoman sultan. 
  Sultan Iskander Shah expels the Thais from Malaya.
1403  
1404 : 806 AH
  Timur embarks on an expedition to China.
1405 : 807 AH
  Timurlane dies en route to China; his son Shah Rukh succeeds him. 
1406 : 809 AH
  Sultan Sikander Shah of Malaysia accepts Islam.
  The great Chinese Admiral Zheng Yi (commonly known as Admiral Ho), a Muslim, sails to Malaya, Indonesia, India, Persia, Yemen, East Africa and the Cape of Good Hope with a fleet of 50 great ships.
  Death of ibn Khaldun, author of Muqaddamah.
1407  
1408  
1409 : 812 AH
  Shah Rukh, heir to Timurlane, occupies Samarqand.
1410 : 813 AH
  Kara Yusuf establishes the Kara Kuyunlu kingdom around Tabriz, Persia.
  Death of Gaysu Daraz, Sufi shaykh of the Deccan, India.
1411 : 814 AH
  Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya visits China at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor.
  Prince Mehmet begins the reconsolidation of the Ottoman Empire after the disastrous defeat in the Battle of Ankara.
1412  
1413  
1414  
1415 : 818 AH
  The Portuguese capture Ceuta in Morocco.
1416  
1417  
1418  
1419  
1420 : 823 AH
  Shah Rukh consolidates his hold on Persia.
1421 : 824 AH
  Murad II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1422 : 825 AH
  Murad II lays unsuccessful siege to Constantinople.
1423  
1424 : 827 AH
  Death of Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya.
1425 : 828 AH
  Tangier in Morocco, captured by the Portuguese.
1426  
1427  
1428  
1429  
1430 : 833 AH
  The Portuguese acquire the technology to sail against the wind from the Venetians.
1431  
1432 : 835 AH
  Portuguese captain Diaz sails around Cape Bajador in West Africa.
1433  
1434 : 837 AH 
  Death of Shah Rukh. Persia disintegrates. The Kara Kuyunlu and Aq Kuyunlu expand their territories.
 

back to top

1435  
1436  
1437  
1438  
1439  
1440  
   
1441 : 845 AH
  First slave raid by the Portuguese in southern Morocco directed against Muslims.
1442  
1443 : 847 AH
  The Portuguese capture the island of Tristao off the coast of West Africa, later to gain notoriety in the Atlantic slave trade.
1444 : 848 AH
  Ottomans armies march into Hungary.
  Murad II defeats combined armies of Hungary, Wallachia and Venice at the Battle of Varna.
  The Portuguese Lagos Company chartered under Prince Henry.
1445 : 849 AH
  Printing is introduced into Europe. Portuguese sailor Diaz sails around West Africa.
1446  
1447  
1448  
1449  
1450  
1451 : 855 AH
  Mehmet II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Shaykh Rahmat converts the Majapahit ruler (Indonesia) Raja Kertawijaya to Islam.
  Islam spreads rapidly in Java.
1452  
1453 : 857 AH
  Mehmet II conquerors Constantinople, renames it Istanbul and makes it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1454  
1455 : 859 AH
  The Venetians sail to the delta of the Gambia River.
1456 : 860 AH
  Mehmet II captures Athens, Greece.
  The Portuguese arrive at the mouth of the Gambia River.
1457  
1458 : 862 AH
  The Portuguese occupy the fortress of al Qasr, Morocco.
1459  
1460 : 864 AH
  King Alfonso of Portugal authorizes Fernao Gomes to explore the western coast of Africa.
1461 : 865 AH
  Leonardo da Vinci begins his work in Venice.
1462  
1463 : 867 AH
  Mehmet II conquers Bosnia. Mosque of Sultan Mehmet II constructed in Istanbul.
1464  
1465 : 869 AH
  Death of al Jazuli, Sufi Shaykh in Morocco.
1466  
1467 : 871 AH
  Herzegovina conquered by Mehmet II.
  Uzun Hassan, leader of Aq Quyunlu defeats Jehan Shah, leader of the Kara Quyunlu. Jehan Shah dies in battle.
1468  
1469  
1470  
1471 : 876 AH
  Tangiers occupied by Portugal.
  Portugal occupies Arzila on the West coast of Morocco.
1472  
1473 : 878 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II defeats the Aq Kuyunlu Sultan Uzun Hassan. Portuguese captain Sequira sails to Benin, Nigeria.
1474 : 879 AH
  Commercial town of Kedah, in Indonesia, becomes Muslim.
1475 : 880 AH
  War between Spain and Portugal over rights to the Canary Islands.
1476  
1477  
   
1478 : 883 AH
  Kara Quli, a descendant of Jehan Shah, flees to India and establishes the Qutubshahi dynasty near Hyderabad.
  Death of Uzun Hassan, Aq Quyunlu Sultan.
  Turmoil in western Persia.
1479 : 884 AH
  Consolidation of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella.
1480 : 885 AH
  The Ottomans capture the island of Rhodes.
1481 : 886 AH
  Bayazid II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
 

back to top

1482 : 887 AH
  Ferdinand of Spain attacks al Hama.
1483 : 888 AH
  Civil wars in Granada.
  Ferdinand captures Malaga, Spain.
1484 : 889 AH
  The Portuguese appear at the delta of the Congo River.
1485  
1486  
1487 : 892 AH
  Portuguese sailor Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
1488 : 893 AH
  Malaga, one of the last Nasirid strongholds, falls to Castille.
1489 : 894 AH
  Adil Shah becomes Sultan of Bijapur, India
1490 : 895 AH
  Ferdinand lays siege to Granada, called Santa Fe (Holy Faith).
1491  
1492 : 897 AH
  Columbus discovers America.
  Granada falls to the Christians.
  Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
  The Jews are expelled from Spain.
  Sultan Bayazid II takes Hungary.
  Lodhi Sultanate established in Delhi.
  Death of Abdur Rahman Jami, well known Farsi poet.
1493 : 898 AH
  Abu Abdallah, commonly known as Boabdil, last emir of Granada, leaves Spain.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes Emperor of Songhay.
1494 : 899 AH
  At the Treaty of Tordesillas arranged by Pope Alexander VI, Portugal and Spain agree to divide up the world for conquest.
1495 : 900 AH
  Shaykh Putah introduces Islam into the Celebes islands and western New Guinea.
1496 : 901 AH
  Vasco da Gama, sails around the Cape of Good Hope and with the help of Muslim navigator Ahmed ibn Majid, discovers route to Malabar, India.
1497 : 902 AH
  Zahiruddin Babur loses Samarqand.
  Askiya Muhammed moves the capital of Songhay to Gao on the Niger River.
1498  
1499 : 904 AH
  Ottoman navy defeats the Venetians, takes Lepanto, off the coast of Greece.
1500 : 905 AH
  Muslims in Granada resist the Spanish Inquisition.
  Spain institutes forced slavery in Cuba.
1501 : 906 AH
  Shah Ismail I, with the help of the Safaviyya Sufi order, establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
  The Uzbek Shaibani Khan evicts Zahiruddin Babur from Samarqand.
1502 : 907 AH
  Second voyage of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. The Portuguese bombard the city-states of East Africa, destroy the port city of Cochin, India and force the Raja of Cochin to expel Muslim traders.
  The Portuguese capture Shofala, East Africa.
  Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  Inquisition against the Muslims in Spain.
 

back to top

1503  
1504 : 910 AH
  Babur takes Kabul, Afghanistan.
  Death of al Maghili, influential thinker from North Africa.
1505 : 911 AH
  Spain occupies Mars al Kabir, Algeria.
  The Portuguese occupy Agadir Morocco and build the fort of Santa Cruz.
  Portuguese captain Almeida raids Kilwa, Tanzania.
1506  
1507 : 913 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Safi, Morocco.
  The Portuguese occupy Bab el Mandap at the entrance to the Red Sea.
1508 : 914 AH
  A Mamluke fleet defeats the Portuguese off the coast of Chaul near modern Karachi.
  Spain occupies Oran, Algeria.
1509 : 915 AH
  The Mamlukes defeat the Portuguese navy off the coast of Yemen.
  Shah Ismail I defeats the Uzbek Shaibani Khan at the Battle of Merv.
  Spain occupies Bogie, Tunisia.
  The first batch of slaves bought in Lisbon for transportation to America.
1510  
1511 : 917 AH
  The Portuguese take Goa, India, and make it the capital of their operations in the Indian Ocean.
  The Inquisition is instituted against Hindus and Muslim in India.
  Spain destroys Tripoli, Libya.
  The Ottomans crush a Qazilbash uprising in eastern Anatolia at the Battle of Sivas.
1512 : 918 AH
  Selim I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Malacca.
  Tlemcen in North Africa becomes a protectorate of Spain.
  The Uzbeks defeat the Safavids at the Battle of Khuzduvan and take Khorasan.
1513  
1514 : 920 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats Shah Ismail I at the Battle of Chaldiran.
1515 : 921 AH
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Hormuz in Persia.
  The Portuguese control the entire Atlantic coastline of Morocco.
  First shipload of sugar from Cuba arrives in Spain.
1516 : 922 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Bahrain and Oman.
  The Ottomans capture Mosul.
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats the Mamlukes at the Battle of Marj Dabik in Syria.
1517 : 923 AH
  Selim I occupies Cairo.
  Egypt becomes a province of the Ottoman Empire.
  The Caliphate moves to Istanbul.
  Selim I becomes the first Ottoman Caliph of Islam.
  Muhammed al Mahdi becomes Sa’adid Sultan of Morocco.
  Martin Luther begins Protestant reformation in Germany.
  The Portuguese capture Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  The King of Spain grants license to import African slaves into America.
  Ibrahim Lodhi becomes Sultan of Delhi.
1518  
1519 : 925 AH
  Death of Leonardo da Vinci.
  Mexican silver flows into Europe.
 

back to top

1520 : 926 AH
  Sulaiman the Magnificent becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1521 : 927 AH
  Sulaiman captures Belgrade.
  Cortez destroys the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
1522 : 928 AH
  Sulaiman captures Rhodes. Spain captures Central America.
1523  
1524  
1525 : 931 AH
  Death of Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  Tahmasp I becomes Safavid ruler of Persia.
  Babur takes Lahore, Pakistan.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent orders a reorganization of the Ottoman fleet to challenge the Spaniards and the Portuguese.
1526 : 932 AH
  Babur captures Delhi; the Moghul dynasty is born. Sulaiman the Magnificent defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Mohacs.
1527 : 933 AH
  Babur defeats Rajput armies at the Battle of Khanua.
1528 : 934 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman captures the city of Buda in Hungary.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes blind and is deposed as the Emperor of Songhay.
1529 : 935 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman lays siege to Vienna, Austria.
1530 : 936 AH
  Death of Zahiruddin Babur. His son Humayun ascends the Moghul throne in Delhi.
  The Englishman William Hawkins raids the Ivory Coast.
1531  
1532  
1533  
1534 : 940 AH
  Khairuddin, admiral of the Ottoman fleets, recaptures Tunis.
  Henry VIII takes the Church of England out of the orbit of Rome.
1535 : 941 AH
  Sulaiman Pasha, Ottoman governor of Egypt, drives the Portuguese from Yemen.
  The English Parliament passes laws against loitering in London.
  John Calvin preaches the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
  Stock Exchange is established in London.
1536 : 943 AH
  Khairuddin raids Valencia, Spain.
1537 : 944 AH
  Khairuddin captures Otranto, Italy and threatens Rome.
1538 : 945 AH
  Khairuddin victorious over combined navies of Venice and the Vatican at the Battle of Prevesa.
1539  
1540 : 947 AH
  Spain colonizes the Philippines.
  Destruction of religious relics in England. Beginning of the end of feudalism in England.
  Sher Shah Suri defeats Moghul Emperor Humayun and displaces him from the throne of Delhi until 1555.
1541 : 948 AH
  Charles V of Spain strikes at the Algerian coast.
  Ottoman Admiral Khairuddin takes Otranto, Italy.
  Muhammed al Saadi drives the Portuguese from the fort of Santa Cruz in Morocco.
 

back to top

1542 : 949 AH
  Increasing tribal warfare in West Africa.
1543  
1544  
1545  
1546 : 953 AH
  Death of Khairuddin. Piri Rais becomes admiral of Ottoman navies.
1547  
1548  
1549  
   
1550 : 957 AH
  Kingdom of Acheh in Indonesia is founded. Islam spreads in the Archipelago.
1551 : 958 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tripoli.
  Piri Rais challenges the Portuguese blockage of the Straits of Hormuz.
1552  
1553 : 960 AH
  Thomas Wyndham of England raids the coast of West Africa.
1554 : 961 AH
  John Lock of England raids the Ivory Coast.
1555  
1556  
1557 : 964 AH
  The Ottomans occupy Masawa, Eritrea.
1558 : 965 AH
  Akbar becomes Moghul Emperor of India.
1559  
1560 : 967 AH
  Akbar adds Malwa, Chitoor, Rathambur, Gujrat and Bengal to the Moghul Empire (1560-1574).
  Abul Fazal and Faizi, well known writers, grace the Moghul court.
  Akbar surrounds himself with the “seven gems”; men of outstanding capabilities, including the musician Tan Sen and the Finance Minister Raja Todar Mal.
1561 : 968 AH
  Piri Rais prepares an accurate map of the Atlantic seaboard.
  The Ottomans destroy a Spanish fleet at the Battle of Djerba.
1562 : 969 AH
  Akbar marries Jodha Bai, princess of Amber, Rajasthan.
1563 : 970 AH
  First English fortifications off the coasts of New Guinea.
1564 : 971 AH
  Spain occupies the Philippines.
1565 : 972 AH
  Battle of Telekote, India. The combined forces of Bijapur, Golkunda, Bidar and Gulbarga defeat the armies of Vijayanagar in southern India.
  Piri Rais undertakes unsuccessful siege of Malta.
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, captures Gujrat.
  John Hawkins of England conducts slave raids on Sierra Leone.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent passes away
 

back to top

1566 : 973 AH
  Muslims in Spain rebel against forced conversion to Catholicism.
1567  
1568  
1569  
1570  
1571 : 979 AH
  Battle of Lepanto. Combined navies of Spain, Venice, Austria and the Vatican defeat the Ottoman navy and occupy Tunis. Ottoman naval advance into the western Mediterranean is halted.
1572 : 980 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tunis.
  The Dutch gain their independence from Spain.
1573 : 981 AH
  The Moghul Emperor Akbar authorizes the construction of four large temples in Mathura.
1574  
1575  
1576 : 984 AH
  The Ottomans advance through Algeria and take the city of Fez in Morocco.
1577  
1578 : 986 AH
  Battle of Al Qasr al Kabir. The Sa’adid Sultan Ahmed al Mansur crushes the Portuguese army. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. Morocco remains independent. Ottoman westward advance is halted.
1579 : 987 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, completes the construction of a new city, Fatehpur Sikri. He starts ecumenical discussions with all religious faiths in the Ibadat Khana.
1580 : 988 AH
  Ottoman Admiral Ali Beg raids Portuguese positions in East Africa.
  Skirmishes between the Empire of Songhay and the Sa’adids of Morocco over the salt mines of Taodini.
  Portugal becomes a protectorate of Spain.
1581 : 989 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, moves to Lahore, and adds Kashmir, Sindh, Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan to his empire.
  Akbar completes the construction of a Jami Masjid in Peshawar.
  Queen Elizabeth I sends Harborne as ambassador to Istanbul to seek trade relations with the Ottomans.
1582  
1583  
1584  
1585 : 993 AH
  War between the Safavids and the Ottomans for control of Iraq and Azerbaijan.
1586  
1587 : 995 AH
  Pope Sixtus V authorizes a Catholic crusade against England.
  The English defeat the Scots. Consolidation of Britain under the English throne.
1588 : 996 AH
  Shah Abbas becomes Safavid emperor of Persia.
  The Spanish armada is destroyed off the coast of England.
  Death of Sinan, architect of Sulaimaniye and Shehzade mosques in Turkey.
1589

 

1590 : 998 AH
  William Shakespeare writes in England.
1591 : 999 AH
  The Bohras emerge as a sub-branch of the Fatimids.
1592 : 1000 AH
  The Sa’adids of Morocco invade the Songhay Empire. A strong force under Judar Pasha destroys Timbaktu.
1593  
1594  
1595  
1596 : 1004 AH
  Akbar captures Ahmednagar in the Deccan, India.
1597  
1598 : 1006 AH
  A second Spanish attempt to conquer England ends in failure.
1599  
1600 : 1008 AH
  Dutch ascendancy in the Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade gathers momentum.
  The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I.
1601  
1602 : 1010 AH
  Shah Abbas drives the Portuguese from Bahrain.
  The Dutch East India Company is formed.
1603 : 1012 AH
  Death of Queen Elizabeth I. 
1604  
1605 : 1014 AH
  Death of Moghul Emperor Akbar.
1606  
1607  
1608  
1609 : 1018 AH
  Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
1610  
1611  
1612  
1613  
1614  
1615 : 1024 AH
  The Dutch capture the Straits of Malacca from the Portuguese.
  Thomas Roe arrives in India as British ambassador to the Moghul court.
  Galileo is tried by the Church for his view that the earth is not the center of the universe.
1616  
1617  
1618  
1619 : 1028 AH
  The Dutch East India Company obtains trading rights on the island of Java.
  Thomas Roe obtains a farman from the Great Moghul Jehangir granting Britain trading rights in India.
 

back to top

1620 : 1029 AH
  Sufi doctrines spread to East Asia.
  The Pilgrims land at Port Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1621  
1622 : 1031 AH
  Shah Abbas I, with the help of the British navy, expels the Portuguese from the Straits of Hormuz. The British obtain trading rights in Persia.
1623 : 1032 AH
  Murad IV becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1624 : 1033 AH
  Death of Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, referred to as Mujaddid alf e Thani (Reformer of the Second Millennium). He expounded the doctrine of Wahdat as Shahada.
1625  
1626 : 1035 AH
  The Dutch establish themselves in New Amsterdam (New York).
1627 : 1036 AH
  Shah Jehan, Moghul Emperor of India.
1628  
1629  
1630 : 1039 AH
  Death of German Astronomer Johann Kepler.
1631  
1632  
1633  
1634  
1635 : 1045 AH
  Death of Mian Pir of Lahore, teacher of Dara Shikoh, son of Shah Jehan.
  Emperor Shah Jehan expels the Portuguese from Bengal.
1636  
1637  
1638 : 1048 AH
  Shah Jehan builds a new capital at Delhi. Construction of the Jami Masjid in Delhi.
1639 : 1049 AH
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Madras.
1640 : 1050 AH
  Armed rivalry between Britain, France and the Dutch for control of the slave trade.
  Portugal gains its independence from Spain.
  The Dutch capture Sri Lanka.
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Calcutta.
 

back to top

1641 : 1051 AH
  Sultana Tajul Alam Safiyyiatuddin rules as Queen of Acheh. She is the first of four queens to rule over the northern part of Sumatra.
  The Dutch capture Cochin on the West coast of India.
1642 : 1052 AH
  The Dutch establish a colony at Masulipatam on the East coast of India.
1643 : 1053 AH
  War between Venice and the Ottomans for control of Crete.
1644  
1645  
1646  
1647  
1648 : 1058 AH
  Shah Jehan completes the Taj Mahal, the most celebrated monument to love, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  The Portuguese recapture Brazil from the Dutch.
1649  
1650  
1651  
1652  
1653  
1654  
1655 : 1065 AH
  The Kurpulu brothers Mehmet Pasha and Fazil Ahmed revitalize the Ottoman administration (1655-1676).
1656  
1657  
1658 : 1068 AH
  Aurangzeb becomes the Moghul Emperor.
1659 : 1069 AH
  End of the Sa’adid dynasty in Morocco.
1660 : 1070 AH
  Isaac Newton revolutionizes physics.
1661  
1662  
1663  
1664 : 1074 AH
  The British seize New Amsterdam, rename it New York.
  The Battle of St. Gotthard between the Ottomans and the European “Holy League” ends in a stalemate.
1665  
1666 : 1076 AH
  The Qur’an is translated into the Malay language.
1667  
1668 : 1079 AH
  King Charles II of England sells Bombay to the East India Company.
1669  
1670  
1671  
1672  
1673  
1674  
1675  
1676 : 1087 AH
  Kara Mustafa Pasha becomes grand vizier in Istanbul.
1677 : 1088 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over access to the Black Sea.
1678  
1679  
1680  
1681  
1682  
1683 : 1094 AH
  The second siege of Vienna ends in failure. The Ottomans lose Hungary.
1684  
1685  
1686 : 1097 AH
  The Hapsburgs advance through Hungary towards Belgrade.
  The British make an attempt to capture the port of Chittagong in India and are beaten back by Moghul forces. 
1687 : 1098 AH
  The Ottomans are defeated at the second Battle of Mohacs.  
1688  
1689  
1690  
1691  
1692  
1693  
1694 : 1105 AH
  The Bank of England advances a perpetual loan of 1.2 million pounds to the British Crown in return for the privilege of putting its own notes into circulation.
1695  
1696 : 1107 AH
  Peter of Russia captures the strategic fortress of Azov from the Ottomans.
  The Sultan of Oman recaptures Fort Jesus of Mombasa from the Portuguese.
1697  
1698  
1699  
1700  
1701  
1702  
1703  
1704  
1705  
1706  
1707 : 1119 AH
  Death of Aurangzeb. The Moghul Empire begins to disintegrate.
 

back to top

1708 : 1120 AH
  The assassination of Guru Gobind Singh sets off Sikh revolts against Moghul rule in India.
1709  
1710  
1711  
1712  
1713 : 1125 AH
  The British displace the Dutch as the most powerful force in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
1714  
1715  
1716  
1717  
1718  
1719  
1720  
1721  
1722 : 1134 AH
  Tahmasp II, last Safavid ruler of Persia ascends the Persian throne.
  Nizam ul Mulk is appointed the Subedar of Hyderabad.
1723  
1724  
1725  
1726  
1727  
1728  
1729  
1730  
1731  
1732  
1733  
1734  
1735  
1736 : 1149 AH
  Nadir Shah becomes Emperor of Persia, displaces the Safavid Tahmasp II.
1737  
1738  
   
1739 : 1152 AH
  Nadir Shah of Persia invades India, sacks Delhi, and carries off the Peacock Throne.
1740 : 1153 AH
  Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab starts his movement in Najd, Arabia.
1741 : 1154 AH
  Ahmed ibn Said becomes Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar and attempts to build a strong navy. 
1742  
1743  
1744  
1745  
1746 : 1159 AH
  Muhammed ibn Saud establishes the Saudi dynasty near Riyadh.
1747  
1748  
1749  
1750  
1751  
1752  
1753  
1754 : 1167 AH
  The French General Dupleix leaves India. France loses the contest for control of Indian trade to the British.
1755  
1756 : 1169 AH
  Anglo-French wars in India and America (1756-63). The British are victorious over the French.
1757 : 1170 AH
  The Battle of Plassey. The British gain control of Bengal, India.
1758 : 1171 AH
  The Industrial Revolution in England gains momentum, fueled by the loot from Bengal.
  The Marathas occupy Lahore; oust Timur, son of Nadir Shah of Kabul.
1759  
1760  
1761 : 1174 AH
  Third Battle of Panipat near Delhi. The Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeat Maratha armies.
1762 : 1175 AH
  Death of Shah Waliullah of Delhi, leading reformer.
1763 : 1176 AH
  The Treaty of Paris. The French give up their interests in India and America.
 

back to top

1764 : 1177 AH
  The British starve the Begums of Oudh, India, to surrender their jewels.
  Battle of Buxor. The British defeat the combined armies of Oudh, Bengal and Delhi.
1765 : 1178 AH
  The British wage a brutal campaign against the Afghans of Rohilla in India.
1766  
1767 : 1181 AH
  The First Mysore War (1767-68). Tippu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali force the British to sue for peace.
1768  
1769  
1770  
1771  
1772 : 1186 AH
  The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1773  
1774  
1775  
1776 : 1190 AH
  The Colonies declare independence in America. The American War of Independence (1776-83) follows.
1777  
1778  
1779  
1780 : 1194 AH
  The Second Mysore War. Tippu Sultan defeats the British at the Battle of Pollipur.
1781 : 1195 AH
  George Washington defeats General Cornwallis at the Battle of Saratoga. Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, retires to England, is hired by the East India Company, and is sent to battle Tippu Sultan of Mysore.
1782  
1783  
1784  
1785  
1786  
   
1787 : 1201 AH
  Death of Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab of Arabia.
1788  
1789 : 1203 AH
  The Third Mysore War (1789-91). Cornwallis forces Tippu Sultan to cede half of his Territory; takes Tippu’s children as hostage.
  Beginning of the French Revolution.
1790  
1791  
1792  
1793 : 1207 AH
  The British Permanent Settlement Act imposes feudal landlords upon Bengal.
1794  
1795  
1796  
1797  
1798 : 1213 AH
  Napoleon lands in Egypt and is victorious at the Battle of the Pyramids.
  The British capture Colombo from the Dutch.
1799 : 1214 AH
  Napoleon corresponds with Tippu Sultan of Mysore and the Sultan of Oman about an invasion of India.
  Tippu Sultan falls at the Battle of Srirangapatam.
  Napoleon is defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar and is forced to withdraw from Egypt.
1800  
1801 : 1216 AH
  The Wahhabis raid Karbala. Wahhabi movement spreads to Iraq. The Wahhabis raid the Hejaz.
1802  
1803 : 1218 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Ottoman governor of Egypt; starts a long series of reforms.
  The Marathas in Poona, India, sue for peace with the British.
  Denmark abolishes the slave trade.
  Emir Abdul Aziz of Najd captures Mecca.
1804  
1805 : 1220 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Pasha of Egypt.
1806 : 1221 AH
  British armies enter Delhi.
 

back to top

1807 : 1222 AH
  Uthman dan Fuduye establishes the Sokoto Caliphate.
  Muhammed Ali Pasha beats back a British attempt to seize Alexandria, Egypt.
1808 : 1223 AH
  The United States abolishes the slave trade.
1809  
1810  
1811  
   
1812 : 1227 AH
  Muhammed Ali of Egypt recaptures Mecca and Hejaz from the Wahhabis (1812-15).
1813  
1814  
1815  
1816  
1817 : 1232 AH
  Death of Uthman dan Fuduye, mujahid in West Africa.
  Muhammed Bello becomes Caliph of the Sokoto Empire.
1818 : 1233 AH
  Holland abolishes the slave trade.
1819  
1820  
1821 : 1236 AH
  Greek war against the Ottomans.
1822  
1823  
1824  
1825  
1826  
1827 : 1242 AH
  Naval Battle of Navarino pits European axis against the Ottomans.
  Shaykh Ahmed Lobo establishes the kingdom of Lobo in West Africa.
1828 : 1243 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over control of the Black Sea. Russia advances into Anatolia.
1829  
1830 : 1246 AH
  Greece breaks off from the Ottoman Empire.
  France occupies Algiers.
1831  
1832  
1833  
1834 : 1250 AH
  Beginning of Muslim resistance to the Russians in Daghestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.
1835 : 1251 AH
  The Ottomans defeat the French at Malta.
  The British replace Persian with English in the higher courts in India.
1836  
1837 : 1253 AH
  Sanusiya Sufi brotherhood is founded in North Africa.
1838 : 1254 AH
  British invasion of Afghanistan ends in failure.
1839 : 1255 AH
  Abdul Mecit I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Beginning of Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire.
1840 : 1256 AH
  France starts colonization of Algeria.
1841  
1842  
1843  
1844  
1845  
1846 : 1262 AH
  The Bank Act of 1846 in England confers legal recognition on the negotiability of credit documents.
1847  
1848 : 1264 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah ascends the throne of Persia.
1849  
1850 : 1266 AH
  The Bahai schism starts in Persia.
1851 : 1267 AH
  The British build a railroad linking Alexandria with Suez (1851-54).
1852  
1853 : 1269 AH
  The Tijaniya Sufi brotherhood is established in West Africa.
  Beginning of the Crimean War. Britain and France support the Ottomans against Russia.
 

back to top

1854 : 1270 AH
  Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt grants a concession to French Engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps to build the Suez Canal. Egypt borrows funds from international bankers to complete the canal.
  The Ottomans take their first loan from international bankers.
1855  
1856 : 1272 AH
  End of the Crimean war between Russia and the Ottomans.
1857 : 1273 AH
  The Sepoy Uprising in India. After initial successes, the Uprising is crushed by the British. End of Moghul rule. The British exile the last Moghul Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon, Burma.
1858 : 1274 AH
  The Russians capture Imam Shamil, Naqshbandi Imam in Daghestan. End of Muslim resistance in Chechnya and Daghestan.
1859 : 1275 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Sanusi, Reformer, Sufi Shaykh of Libya.
1860 : 1276 AH
  Alhajj Omar resists French colonization in Sene-Gambia.
1861 : 1277 AH
  American Civil War (1861-65). The price of Egyptian cotton soars in world markets.
1862  
1863 : 1280 AH
  Abraham Lincoln proclaims the abolition of slavery.
1864  
1865  
1866  
1867  
1868  
1869 : 1286 AH
  The Suez Canal opens with much fanfare.
  The price of Egyptian cotton drops precipitously. Egyptian public debt mounts.
  Tunisia falters on debt payments to European bankers. The International Debt Commission for Tunisia assumes control over Tunisian finances.
1870  
1871 : 1288 AH
  A unified Germany emerges as the most powerful continental power in Europe.
1872  
1873 : 1290 AH
  The Dutch capture the Kingdom of Acheh in Sumatra. Beginning of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.
1874 : 1291 AH
  Syed Ahmed Khan founds the Aligarh College in India.
1875 : 1292 AH
  Egypt sells off its share in the Suez Canal Company to the British to partially offset its debts.
1876 : 1293 AH
  Abdul Hamid II becomes the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph. He starts consolidation of ties with Muslim peoples worldwide.
  Egypt falters on debt payments. Britain and France appoint a Commission on Egyptian Public Debt with the power to confiscate revenues.
 

back to top

1877 : 1294 AH
  Russia invades the Ottoman Empire (1877-78). Russian troops advance to within ten miles of Istanbul and dictate capitulation terms to the Turks at the Treaty of San Stefano.
1878 : 1295 AH
  Egypt is forced by Britain and France to accept international control over her finances.
  Treaty of Berlin results in effective dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
  Britain occupies Cyprus.
1879 : 1296 AH
  Britain and France force Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt to abdicate in favor of his son Tawfiq Pasha. Sultan Abdul Hamid acquiesces in the abdication.
1880 : 1297 AH
  The French, in violation of the Treaty of Berlin, occupy Tunisia and declare it a “protectorate”.
1881 : 1298 AH
  Egyptian nationalists under Ahmed Torabi Pasha stage protests against foreign control.
1882 : 1299 AH
  The British bombard Alexandria into submission, defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Tel el Kabir and occupy Cairo.
  The Mahdi seizes Khartoum and establishes a Caliphate in the Sudan.
1883  
1884  
   
1885 : 1302 AH
  The British storm Khartoum. Death of al Mahdi of the Sudan.
  An Englishman, Allan Hume, founds the Indian National Congress.
1886  
1887  
1888 : 1305 AH
  Ghulam Mirza Ahmed starts the Ahmadiya schism in Punjab, India. The movement draws strong opposition from the ulema.
1889  
1890  
1891 : 1308 AH
  The Tobacco Concession touches off an uproar in Persia. Peaceful boycott of tobacco, under a fatwa from Hajji Mirza Hassan Shirazi, forces the Shah to rescind the Concession.
1892  
1893  
1894  
1895  
1896 : 1314 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah of Persia is assassinated.
1897  
1898  
1899  
1900  
1901 : 1319 AH
  Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Riyadh.
1902  
1903  
1904  
1905  
1906 : 1324 AH
  All India Muslim League is founded.
1907 : 1325 AH
  Death of Muzaffaruddin Shah of Persia. His son Muhammed Ali Mirza becomes the Shah. The first Majlis is elected in Persia.
  The Young Turks Movement in Turkey gathers momentum.
1908 : 1326 AH
  Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  Constitutional revolution in Persia. Muhammed Ali Shah of Persia is deposed. His young son Ahmed Mirza becomes the Shah.
1909 : 1327 AH
  Sultan Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks.
  Mehmet V becomes the Sultan.
1910  
1911 : 1329 AH
  The Sanusi brotherhood resists the Italian invasion of Libya.
1912 : 1330 AH 
  Muhammadiya movement is organized in Indonesia.
  Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1913 : 1331 AH
  The Balkan war begins. Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria invade Ottoman territories. Albania becomes independent. The Ottomans are forced to withdraw from most of the Balkans.
1914 : 1332 AH
  A Serb in Sarajevo murders Prince Francis Ferdinand of Austria. Austria declares war on Serbia.
  Russia declares war on Austria.
  Germany declares war on Russia.
  France and England declare war on Germany.
  The Triple Entente powers (Britain, France and Russia) declare war on the Ottomans.
  Beginning of World War I.
 

back to top

1915 : 1333 AH
  The Ottomans contain British advances in Iraq and beat back attempts to capture Baghdad and Istanbul.
1916 : 1334 AH
  The British promise to set up a unified Arab state.
  Sharif Hussain declares himself king of Hejaz, attacks Ottoman garrisons in Arabia.
  Lawrence of Arabia, a British intelligence officer, works with the Arabs.
  The Sykes-Picot agreement divides up the Ottoman territories between England, France, Russia, Greece and Italy.
1917 : 1335 AH
  Anglo Indian troops under Allenby capture Baghdad and Jerusalem.
  The Balfour Declaration promises to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  The French take Beirut.
  Germany releases the Bolshevik leader Lenin to pressure Russia to drop out of the War.
  The United States enters the War.
  The Russian army begins to collapse on the western front. The October Revolution brings the Bolsheviks to power. Russia pulls out of the War.
1918 : 1336 AH
  Mehmet VI becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Damascus falls to British Forces.
  Germany and the Ottoman Empire capitulate. End of World War I.
  The Wafd movement starts in Egypt.
1919 : 1337 AH
  The victorious allies partition the Ottoman Empire.
  Greece invades Anatolia.
1920 : 1338 AH
  French mandate over Syria.
  British mandate over Iraq and Palestine.
  The Greeks capture Alashehir, Bahkesir, Bandarma and Bursa.
  The Turks stop the Greeks at the Battle of Ankara.
1921 : 1339 AH
  The British appoint Abdullah, son of Sharif Hussain, as emir of Trans Jordan.
  Faisal, another son of Hussain, is appointed emir of Iraq.
  The Turks are victorious over the Greeks at the Battle of the Sakarya River. Greece retreats from Anatolia.
1922 : 1340 AH
  Abdul Mecit II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Mustafa Kemal becomes President of the Republic of Turkey.
1923  
1924 : 1342 AH
  The Turkish National Assembly abolishes the Caliphate
 

back to top

1925  
1926  
1927 : 1345 AH
  Tablighi Jamaat reform movement founded in India
1928 : 1346 AH
  Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brothers) founded in Egypt
1929  
1930  
1931  
1932  
1933  
1934  
1935  
1936  
1937  
1938  
1939  
1940  
1941 : 1360 AH
  Jamaat-i Islami reform movement founded in Lahore, India
1942  
1943  
1944  
   
1945 : 1364 AH
  Indonesia becomes independent republic
1946  
1947 : 1366 AH
  Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
1948  
1949  
1950  
1951  
1952  
1953  
1954  
1955  
1956  
1957 : 1376 AH
  Independent Malayan state established with Islam as the official religion but guaranteed tolerance
1958  
1959  
1960 : 1379 AH
  Familes from SE Asia and North Africa emigrate to Europe and the Americas
1961  
1962  
1963  
1964  
1965  
1966  
1967  
1968  
1969  
1970  
1971  
1972  
1973  
1974  
1975  
1976  
1977  
1978  
1979 : 1399 AH
  Shah of Iran is overthrown by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni, who establishes strict fundamentalist rule of Shi'a principles
1980  
1981  
1982  
1983  
1984  
1985  
1986  
1987  
1988  
1989  
1990 : 1410 AH 
  Taliban come to power in Afghanistan
1991  
1992  
1993  
1994  
1995  
1996  
1997  
1998  
1999  
2000  
2001 : 1422 AH 
  Muslim extremists attack the United States 
2002  
2003 : 1424 AH     
  Saddam Hussien ousted by Western forces     
 

back to top

2004  
2005  
2006  
2007  
2008  
2009  
2010  
2011  
2012  
2013  
2014  
2015  
2016  
2017  
2018  
2019  
2020  

 

                   back to top 

Hadith : Conversation
Hadis : Perbualan

            

Translation                   

______________________________________________

                     back to top

______________________________________________

More Hadith                    

______________________________________________

                     back to top

______________________________________________

Conversation                   

______________________________________________

                     back to top

______________________________________________