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1. Al-Fatihah (1) 2. Al-Baqarah (2) 3. Al-Baqarah (2) 4.         " 5.         " 6.         " 7.         " 8.         " 9.         " 10.         " 11.         " 12.         " 13.         " 14.         " 15.         " 16.         " 17.         " 18.         " 19.         " 20.         " 21.         " 22.         " 23.         " 24.         " 25.         " 26.         " 27.         " 28.         " 29.         " 30.         " 31.         " 32.         " 33.         " 34.         " 35.         " 36.         " 37.         " 38.         " 39.         " 40.         " 41.         " 42.         " 43.         " 44.         " 45.         " 46.         " 47.         " 48.         " 49.         " 50. Ali Imran (3)

 

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51. Ali Imran (3) 52. Ali Imran (3) 53.         " 54.         " 55.         " 56.         " 57.         " 58.         " 59.         " 60.         " 61.         " 62.         " 63.         " 64.         " 65.         " 66.         " 67.         " 68.         " 69.         " 70.         " 71.         " 72.         " 73.         " 74.         " 75.         " 76.         " 77. An-Nisa' (4) 78. An-Nisa' (4) 79.         " 80.         " 81.         " 82.         " 83.         " 84.         " 85.         " 86.         " 87.         " 88.         " 89.         " 90.         " 91.         " 92.         " 93.         " 94.         " 95.         " 96.         " 97.         " 98.         " 99.         " 100.         "

 

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101. An-Nisaa' 102. An-Nisaa' 103.         " 104.         " 105.         " 106. Al-Maa'idah (5) 107. Al-Maa'idah 108.         " 109.         " 110.         " 111.         " 112.         " 113.         " 114.         " 115.         " 116.         " 117.         " 118.         " 119.         " 120.         " 121.         " 122.         " 123.         " 124.         " 125.         " 126.         " 127.         " 128. Al-An'aam (6) 129. Al-An'aam 130.         " 131.         " 132.         " 133.         " 134.         " 135.         " 136.         " 137.         " 138.         " 139.         " 140.         " 141.         " 142.         " 143.         " 144.         " 145.         " 146.         " 147.         " 148.         " 149.         " 150.         "

 

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151. Al-A'raaf (7) 152. Surah Al-A'raaf 153.         " 154.         " 155.         " 156.         " 157.         " 158.         " 159.         " 160.         " 161.         " 162.         " 163.         " 164.         " 165.         " 166.         " 167.         " 168.         " 169.         " 170.         " 171.         " 172.         " 173.         " 174.         " 175.         " 176.         " 177. Al-Anfaal (8) 178. Surah Al-Anfaal 179.         " 180.         " 181.         " 182.         " 183.         " 184.         " 185.         " 186.         " 187. At-Taubah (9) 188. Surah At-Taubah 189.         " 190.         " 191.         " 192.         " 193.         " 194.         " 195.         " 196.         " 197.         " 198.         " 199.         " 200.         "

 

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201. At-Taubah 202. At-Taubah 203.         " 204.         " 205.         " 206.         " 207.         " 208. Yunus (10) 209. Yunus 210.         " 211.         " 212.         " 213.         " 214.         " 215.         " 216.         " 217.         " 218.         " 219.         " 220.         " 221. Hud (11) 222. Hud 223.         " 224.         " 225.         " 226.         " 227.         " 228.         " 229.         " 230.         " 231.         " 232.         " 233.         " 234.         " 235. Yusuf (12) 236. Yusuf 237.         " 238.         " 239.         " 240.         " 241.         " 242.         " 243.         " 244.         " 245.         " 246.         " 247.         " 248.         " 249. Ar-Ra'd (13) 250. Ar-Ra'd

 

×

251. Ar-Ra'd 252. Ar-Ra'd 253.         " 254.         " 255. Ibrahim (14) 256. Ibrahim 257.         " 258.         " 259.         " 260.         " 261.         " 262. Al-Hijr (15) 263. Al-Hijr 264.         " 265.         " 266.         " 267. Al-Nahl (16) 268. Al-Nahl 269.         " 270.         " 271.         " 272.         " 273.         " 274.         " 275.         " 276.         " 277.         " 278.         " 279.         " 280.         " 281.         " 282. Al-Israa' (17) 283. Al-Israa' 284.         " 285.         " 286.         " 287.         " 288.         " 289.         " 290.         " 291.         " 292.         " 293. Al-Kahfi (18) 294. Al-Kahfi 295.         " 296.         " 297.         " 298.         " 299.         " 300.         "

 

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301. Al-Kahfi 302. Al-Kahfi 303.         " 304.         " 305. Maryam (19) 306. Maryam 307.         " 308.         " 309.         " 310.         " 311.         " 312. Taha (20) 313. Taha 314.         " 315.         " 316.         " 317.         " 318.         " 319.         " 320.         " 321.         " 322. Al-Anbiyaa' (21) 323. Al-Anbiyaa' 324.         " 325.         " 326.         " 327.         " 328.         " 329.         " 330.         " 331.         " 332. Al-Hajj (22) 333. Al-Hajj 334.         " 335.         " 336.         " 337.         " 338.         " 339.         " 340.         " 341.         " 342. Al-Mu'minuun (23) 343. Al-Mu'minuun 344.         " 345.         " 346.         " 347.         " 348.         " 349.         " 350. An-Nuur (24)

 

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351. An-Nuur (24) 352. An-Nuur (24) 353.         " 354.         " 355.         " 356.         " 357.         " 358.         " 359. Al-Furqaan (25) 360. Al-Furqaan (25) 361.         " 362.         " 363.         " 364.         " 365.         " 366.         " 367. Asy-Syu'araa' (26) 368. Asy-Syu'araa' 369.         " 370.         " 371.         " 372.         " 373.         " 374.         " 375.         " 376.         " 377. An-Naml (27) 378. An-Naml 379.         " 380.         " 381.         " 382.         " 383.         " 384.         " 385. Al-Qasas (28) 386. Al-Qasas 387.         " 388.         " 389.         " 390.         " 391.         " 392.         " 393.         " 394.         " 395.         " 396. Al-'Ankabuut (29) 397. Al-'Ankabuut 398.         " 399.         " 400.         "

 

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401. Al-'Ankabut 402. Al-'Ankabut 403.         " 404. Ar-Rum (30) 405. Ar-Rum 406.         " 407.         " 408.         " 409.         " 410.         " 411. Luqman (31) 412. Luqman 413.         " 414.         " 415. As-Sajdah (32) 416. As-Sajdah 417.         " 418. Al-Ahzab (33) 419. Al-Ahzab 420.         " 421.         " 422.         " 423.         " 424.         " 425.         " 426.         " 427.         " 428. Saba' (34) 429. Saba' 430.         " 431.         " 432.         " 433.         " 434. Faatir (35) 435. Faatir 436.         " 437.         " 438.         " 439.         " 440. Ya Siin (36) 441. Ya Siin 442.         " 443.         " 444.         " 445.         " 446. As-Saaffaat (37) 447. As-Saaffaat 448.         " 449.         " 450.         "

 

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451. As-Saaffaat 452. As-Saaffaat 453. Saad (38) 454. Saad 455.         " 456.         " 457.         " 458. Az-Zumar (39) 459. Az-Zumar 460.         " 461.         " 462.         " 463.         " 464.         " 465.         " 466.         " 467. Ghaafir (40) 468. Ghaafir 469.         " 470.         " 471.         " 472.         " 473.         " 474.         " 475.         " 476.         " 477. Fussilat (41) 478. Fussilat 479.         " 480.         " 481.         " 482.         " 483. Asy-Syuura (42) 484. Asy-Syuura 485.         " 486.         " 487.         " 488.         " 489. Az-Zukhruf (43) 490. Az-Zukhruf 491.         " 492.         " 493.         " 494.         " 495.         " 496. Ad-Dukhaan (44) 497. Ad-Dukhaan 498.         " 499. Al-Jaathiyah (45) 500. Al-Jaathiyah

 

×

501. Al-Jaathiyah 502. Al-Ahqaaf (46) 503. Al-Ahqaaf 504.         " 505.         " 506.         " 507. Muhammad (47) 508. Muhammad 509.         " 510.         " 511. Al-Fat-h (48) 512. Al-Fat-h 513.         " 514.         " 515. Al-Hujuraat (49) 516. Al-Hujuraat 517.         " 518. Qaaf (50) 519. Qaaf 520. Adz-Dzaariyaat (51) 521. Adz-Dzaariyaat 522.         " 523. At-Tuur (52) 524. At-Tuur 525.         " 526. An-Najm (53) 527. An-Najm 528. Al-Qamar (54) 529. Al-Qamar 530.         " 531. Ar-Rahmaan (55) 532. Ar-Rahmaan 533.         " 534. Al-Waaqi'ah (56) 535. Al-Waaqi'ah 536.         " 537. Al-Hadiid (57) 538. Al-Hadiid 539.         " 540.         " 541.         " 542. Al-Mujaadalah (58) 543. Al-Mujaadalah 544.         " 545. Al-Hasy-r (59) 546. Al-Hasy-r 547.         " 548.         " 549. Al-Mumtahanah (60) 550. Al-Mumtahanah

 

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551. As-Soff (61) 552. As-Soff 553. Al-Jumu'ah (62) 554. Al-Munafiqun (63) 555. Al-Munafiqun (63) 556. At-Taghobun (64) 557. At-Taghobun (64) 558. At-Tolaaq (65) 559. At-Tolaaq (65) 560. At-Tahrim (66) 561. At-Tahrim (66) 562. Al-Mulk (67) 563. Al-Mulk (67) 564. Al-Qolam (68) 565. Al-Qolam (68) 566. Al-Haaqqah (69) 567. Al-Haaqqah (69) 568. Al-Ma'arij (70) 569. Al-Ma'arij (70) 570. Nuh (71) 571. Nuh (71) 572. Al-Jinn (72) 573. Al-Jinn (72) 574. Al-Muzzammil (73) 575. Al-Muddassir (74) 576. Al-Muddassir (74) 577. Al-Qiyamah (75) 578. Al-Insaan (76) 579. Al-Insaan (76) 580. Al-Mursalat (77) 581. Al-Mursalat 582. An-Naba' (78) 583. An-Nazi'aat (79) 584. An-Nazi'aat 585. 'Abasa (80) 586. At-Takwir (81) 587. Al-Infithor (82) 588. Al-Muthoffifin 589. Al-Insyiqaq (84) 590. Al-Buruj (85) 591. At-Thoriq (86) 592. Al-Ghosyiah (88) 593. Al-Fajr (89) 594. Al-Balad (90) 595. Asy-Syams (91) 596. Ad-Dhuha (93) 597. At-Tin (95) 598. Al-Qadr (97) 599. Az-Zalzalah (99) 600. Al-Qori'ah (101) 601. Al-'Asr (103) 602. Quraisy (106) 603. Al-Kafirun (109) 604. Al-Ikhlas (112)

 

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97 - Al-Qadr, 98 - Al-Bayyinah

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1. TAJWEED : TARANNUM

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2.TRANSLATIONS : COMMENTARIES

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A....ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar   تفسير المیسر

B....ENGLISH

Saheeh International

C.....MALAY

Basmeih

D.....CHINESE

Ma Jian

E......ARABIC : ENGLISH : MALAY : CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar  تفسير المیسر : Saheeh International : Basmeih : Ma Jian
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Celik Tafsir
Tafsir Surah al-Qadr (Kehebatan Qur’an)

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A.....ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar :  تفسير المیسر

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

١  إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

١  إنا أنزلنا القرآن في ليلة الشرف والفضل، وهي إحدى ليالي شهر رمضان.

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ

٢  وما أدراك -أيها النبي- ما ليلة القدر والشرف؟

٣  لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ

٣  ليلة القدر ليلة مباركة، فَضْلُها خير من فضل ألف شهر ليس فيها ليلة قدر.

٤  تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

٤  يكثر نزول الملائكة وجبريل عليه السلام فيها، بإذن ربهم من كل أمر قضاه في تلك السنة.

٥  سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

٥  هي أمن كلها، لا شرَّ فيها إلى مطلع الفجر.

-----------------------------------------

Al-Bayyinah

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

١  لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ مُنْفَكِّينَ حَتَّىٰ تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

١  لم يكن الذين كفروا من اليهود والنصارى والمشركين تاركين كفرهم حتى تأتيهم العلامة التي وُعِدوا بها في الكتب السابقة.

٢  رَسُولٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ يَتْلُو صُحُفًا مُطَهَّرَةً

٢  وهي رسول الله محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم، يتلو قرآنًا في صحف مطهرة.

٣  فِيهَا كُتُبٌ قَيِّمَةٌ

٣  في تلك الصحف أخبار صادقة وأوامر عادلة، تهدي إلى الحق وإلى صراط مستقيم.

٤  وَمَا تَفَرَّقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

٤  وما اختلف الذين أوتوا الكتاب من اليهود والنصارى في كون محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم رسولا حقًا؛ لما يجدونه من نعته في كتابهم، إلا مِن بعد ما تبينوا أنه النبي الذي وُعِدوا به في التوراة والإنجيل، فكانوا مجتمعين على صحة نبوته، فلما بُعِث جحدوها وتفرَّقوا.

٥  وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ

٥  وما أمروا في سائر الشرائع إلا ليعبدوا الله وحده قاصدين بعبادتهم وجهه، مائلين عن الشرك إلى الإيمان، ويقيموا الصلاة، ويُؤَدُّوا الزكاة، وذلك هو دين الاستقامة، وهو الإسلام.

٦  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ شَرُّ الْبَرِيَّةِ

٦  إن الذين كفروا من اليهود والنصارى والمشركين عقابهم نار جهنم خالدين فيها، أولئك هم أشد الخليقة شرا.

٧  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ

٧  إن الذين صَدَّقوا الله واتبعوا رسوله وعملوا الصالحات، أولئك هم خير الخلق.

 

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B....ENGLISH

Saheeh International

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

١  إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

1  Indeed, We sent the Qur'an down during the Night of Decree.

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ

2  And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree?

٣  لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ

3  The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months.

٤  تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

4  The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.

٥  سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

5  Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.

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Al-Bayyinah

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

١  لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ مُنْفَكِّينَ حَتَّىٰ تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

1  Those who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture and the polytheists were not to be parted [from misbelief] until there came to them clear evidence -

٢  رَسُولٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ يَتْلُو صُحُفًا مُطَهَّرَةً

2  A Messenger from Allah, reciting purified scriptures

٣  فِيهَا كُتُبٌ قَيِّمَةٌ

3  Within which are correct writings.

٤  وَمَا تَفَرَّقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

4  Nor did those who were given the Scripture become divided until after there had come to them clear evidence.

٥  وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ

5  And they were not commanded except to worship Allah, [being] sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth, and to establish prayer and to give zakah. And that is the correct religion.

٦  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ شَرُّ الْبَرِيَّةِ

6  Indeed, they who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture and the polytheists will be in the fire of Hell, abiding eternally therein. Those are the worst of creatures.

٧  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ

7  Indeed, they who have believed and done righteous deeds - those are the best of creatures.

 

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C.....MALAY

Basmeih

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

١  إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

1  Sesungguhnya Kami telah menurunkan (Al-Quran) ini pada Malam Lailatul-Qadar,

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ

2  Dan apa jalannya engkau dapat mengetahui apa dia kebesaran Malam Lailatul-Qadar itu?

٣  لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ

3  Malam Lailatul-Qadar lebih baik daripada seribu bulan.

٤  تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

4  Pada Malam itu, turun malaikat dan Jibril dengan izin Tuhan mereka, kerana membawa segala perkara (yang ditakdirkan berlakunya pada tahun yang berikut);

٥  سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

5  Sejahteralah Malam (yang berkat) itu hingga terbit fajar!

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Al-Bayyinah

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

١  لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ مُنْفَكِّينَ حَتَّىٰ تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

1  Orang-orang yang kafir dari Ahli Kitab (Yahudi dan Nasrani) serta orang-orang musyrik, tidak akan terlepas (dari kepercayaan dan amalan masing-masing) sehingga datang kepada mereka bukti yang jelas nyata, -

٢  رَسُولٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ يَتْلُو صُحُفًا مُطَهَّرَةً

2  Iaitu seorang Rasul dari Allah yang membacakan (kepada mereka) Lembaran-lembaran Suci,

٣  فِيهَا كُتُبٌ قَيِّمَةٌ

3  Terkandung di dalamnya pelajaran-pelajaran dan hukum-hukum yang benar.

٤  وَمَا تَفَرَّقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

4  Dan orang-orang (Yahudi dan Nasrani) yang diberi Kitab (Taurat dan Injil) itu, tidak berpecah-belah melainkan setelah datang kepada mereka bukti yang jelas nyata.

٥  وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ

5  Pada hal mereka tidak diperintahkan melainkan supaya menyembah Allah dengan mengikhlaskan ibadat kepadaNya, lagi tetap teguh di atas tauhid; dan supaya mereka mendirikan sembahyang serta memberi zakat. Dan yang demikian itulah Ugama yang benar.

٦  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ شَرُّ الْبَرِيَّةِ

6  Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang kafir dari Ahli Kitab dan orang-orang musyrik itu akan ditempatkan di dalam neraka Jahannam, kekalah mereka di dalamnya. Mereka itulah sejahat-jahat makhluk.

٧  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ

7  Seungguhnya orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal soleh, mereka itulah sebaik-baik makhluk.

 

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D.....CHINESE

Ma Jian

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

1  我在那高贵的夜间确已降示它,

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ

2  你怎能知道那高贵的夜间是什麽?

٣  لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ

3  那高贵的夜间, 胜过一千个月,

٤  تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

4  众天神和精神, 奉他们的主的命令, 为一切事务而在那夜间降临,

٥  سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

5  那夜间全是平安的, 直到黎明显著的时侯。

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Al-Bayyinah

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ مُنْفَكِّينَ حَتَّىٰ تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

1  信奉天经者和以物配主者,他们中不信道的人没有离开自己原有的信仰,直到明证来临他们。

٢  رَسُولٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ يَتْلُو صُحُفًا مُطَهَّرَةً

2  那个明证是真主所派遣的一个使者,他诵读纯洁的册页,

٣  فِيهَا كُتُبٌ قَيِّمَةٌ

3  中有许多正确的经文。

٤  وَمَا تَفَرَّقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

4  信奉天经者,没有分离,直到明证来临他们。

٥  وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ

5  他们只奉命崇拜真主,虔诚敬意,恪遵正教,谨守拜功,完纳天课,这是正教。

٦  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ شَرُّ الْبَرِيَّةِ

6  信奉天经者和以物配主者,他们中不信道的人,必入火狱,而永居其中;这等人是最恶的人。

٧  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ

7  信道而行善的人,是最善的人,

 

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E......ARABIC : ENGLISH : MALAY : CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar  تفسير المیسر : Saheeh International : Basmeih : Ma Jian

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

١  إنا أنزلنا القرآن في ليلة الشرف والفضل، وهي إحدى ليالي شهر رمضان.

1  Indeed, We sent the Qur'an down during the Night of Decree.

1  Sesungguhnya Kami telah menurunkan (Al-Quran) ini pada Malam Lailatul-Qadar,

1  我在那高贵的夜间确已降示它,

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ

٢  وما أدراك -أيها النبي- ما ليلة القدر والشرف؟

2  And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree?

2  Dan apa jalannya engkau dapat mengetahui apa dia kebesaran Malam Lailatul-Qadar itu?

2  你怎能知道那高贵的夜间是什麽?

٣  لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ

٣  ليلة القدر ليلة مباركة، فَضْلُها خير من فضل ألف شهر ليس فيها ليلة قدر.

3  The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months.

3  Malam Lailatul-Qadar lebih baik daripada seribu bulan.

3  那高贵的夜间, 胜过一千个月,

٤  تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

٤  يكثر نزول الملائكة وجبريل عليه السلام فيها، بإذن ربهم من كل أمر قضاه في تلك السنة.

4  The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.

4  Pada Malam itu, turun malaikat dan Jibril dengan izin Tuhan mereka, kerana membawa segala perkara (yang ditakdirkan berlakunya pada tahun yang berikut);

4  众天神和精神, 奉他们的主的命令, 为一切事务而在那夜间降临,

٥  سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

٥  هي أمن كلها، لا شرَّ فيها إلى مطلع الفجر.

5  Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.

5  Sejahteralah Malam (yang berkat) itu hingga terbit fajar!

5  那夜间全是平安的, 直到黎明显著的时侯。

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Al-Bayyinah

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ مُنْفَكِّينَ حَتَّىٰ تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

١  لم يكن الذين كفروا من اليهود والنصارى والمشركين تاركين كفرهم حتى تأتيهم العلامة التي وُعِدوا بها في الكتب السابقة.

1  Those who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture and the polytheists were not to be parted [from misbelief] until there came to them clear evidence -

1  Orang-orang yang kafir dari Ahli Kitab (Yahudi dan Nasrani) serta orang-orang musyrik, tidak akan terlepas (dari kepercayaan dan amalan masing-masing) sehingga datang kepada mereka bukti yang jelas nyata, -

1  信奉天经者和以物配主者,他们中不信道的人没有离开自己原有的信仰,直到明证来临他们。

٢  رَسُولٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ يَتْلُو صُحُفًا مُطَهَّرَةً

٢  وهي رسول الله محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم، يتلو قرآنًا في صحف مطهرة.

2  A Messenger from Allah, reciting purified scriptures

2  Iaitu seorang Rasul dari Allah yang membacakan (kepada mereka) Lembaran-lembaran Suci,

2  那个明证是真主所派遣的一个使者,他诵读纯洁的册页,

٣  فِيهَا كُتُبٌ قَيِّمَةٌ

٣  في تلك الصحف أخبار صادقة وأوامر عادلة، تهدي إلى الحق وإلى صراط مستقيم.

3  Within which are correct writings.

3  Terkandung di dalamnya pelajaran-pelajaran dan hukum-hukum yang benar.

3  中有许多正确的经文。

٤  وَمَا تَفَرَّقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

٤  وما اختلف الذين أوتوا الكتاب من اليهود والنصارى في كون محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم رسولا حقًا؛ لما يجدونه من نعته في كتابهم، إلا مِن بعد ما تبينوا أنه النبي الذي وُعِدوا به في التوراة والإنجيل، فكانوا مجتمعين على صحة نبوته، فلما بُعِث جحدوها وتفرَّقوا.

4  Nor did those who were given the Scripture become divided until after there had come to them clear evidence.

4  Dan orang-orang (Yahudi dan Nasrani) yang diberi Kitab (Taurat dan Injil) itu, tidak berpecah-belah melainkan setelah datang kepada mereka bukti yang jelas nyata.

4  信奉天经者,没有分离,直到明证来临他们。

٥  وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ

٥  وما أمروا في سائر الشرائع إلا ليعبدوا الله وحده قاصدين بعبادتهم وجهه، مائلين عن الشرك إلى الإيمان، ويقيموا الصلاة، ويُؤَدُّوا الزكاة، وذلك هو دين الاستقامة، وهو الإسلام.

5  And they were not commanded except to worship Allah, [being] sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth, and to establish prayer and to give zakah. And that is the correct religion.

5  Pada hal mereka tidak diperintahkan melainkan supaya menyembah Allah dengan mengikhlaskan ibadat kepadaNya, lagi tetap teguh di atas tauhid; dan supaya mereka mendirikan sembahyang serta memberi zakat. Dan yang demikian itulah Ugama yang benar.

5  他们只奉命崇拜真主,虔诚敬意,恪遵正教,谨守拜功,完纳天课,这是正教。

٦  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ شَرُّ الْبَرِيَّةِ

٦  إن الذين كفروا من اليهود والنصارى والمشركين عقابهم نار جهنم خالدين فيها، أولئك هم أشد الخليقة شرا.

6  Indeed, they who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture and the polytheists will be in the fire of Hell, abiding eternally therein. Those are the worst of creatures.

6  Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang kafir dari Ahli Kitab dan orang-orang musyrik itu akan ditempatkan di dalam neraka Jahannam, kekalah mereka di dalamnya. Mereka itulah sejahat-jahat makhluk.

6  信奉天经者和以物配主者,他们中不信道的人,必入火狱,而永居其中;这等人是最恶的人。

٧  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ

٧  إن الذين صَدَّقوا الله واتبعوا رسوله وعملوا الصالحات، أولئك هم خير الخلق.

7  Indeed, they who have believed and done righteous deeds - those are the best of creatures.

7  Seungguhnya orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal soleh, mereka itulah sebaik-baik makhluk.

7  信道而行善的人,是最善的人,

 

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3. LEARN ARABIC : OTHER LANGUAGES


 

فعل

مجهول

مضارع

فعل

مجهول

ماض

فعل

معلوم

مضارع

فعل

معلوم

ماض

 

يُفْعَلُ

فُعِلَ

يَفْعَلُ

فَعَلَ

 I

يُفَعَّلُ

فُعِّلَ

يَفَعِّلُ

فَعَّلَ

II

يُفَاعَلُ

فُوْعِلَ

يُفَاعِلُ

فَاعَلَ

III

يُفْعَلُ

أُفْعِلَ

يُفْعِلُ

أَفْعَلَ

IV

يُتَفَعَّلُ

تُفُعِّلَ

يَتَفَعَّلُ

تَفَعَّلَ

V

يُتَفَاعَلُ

تُفُوعِلَ

يَتَفَاعَلُ

تَفَاعَلَ

VI

يُنْفَعَلُ

أُنْفُعِلَ

يَنْفَعِلُ

إِنْفَعَلَ

VII

يُفْتَعَلُ

أُفْتُعِلَ

يُفْتَعِلُ

إِفْتَعَلَ

VIII

يُفَعَّلُ

أُفْعِلَّ

يَفْعَلُّ

إِفْعَلَّ

IX

يُسْتَفْعَلُ

أُسْتُفْعِلَ

يَسْتَفْعِلُ

إِسْتَفْعَلَ

X

 

مصدر

فعل

النهي

فعل

الأمر

 

فَعْلٌ

لاَتَفْعَلْ

إِِفْعَلْ

 I

تَفْعِيْلٌ

لاَتُفَعِّلْ

فَعِّلْ

II

مُفَاعَلَةٌ

لاَتُفَاعِلْ

فَاعِلْ

III

إِفْعَالٌ

لاَتُفْعِلْ

أَفْعِلْ

IV

تَفَعُّلٌ

لاَتَتَفَعَّلْ

تَفَعَّلْ

V

تَفَاعُلٌ

لاَتَتَفَاعَلْ

تَفَاعَلْ

VI

إِنْفِعَالٌ

لاَتَنْفَعِلْ

إِنْفَعِلْ

VII

إِفْتِعَالٌ

لاَتَفْتَعِلْ

إِفْتَعِلْ

VIII

إِفْعِلاَلٌ

 

 

IX

إِسْتِفْعَالٌ

لاَتَسْتَفْعِلْ

إِسْتَفْعِلْ

X

 

إسم

الألة

إسم

المكن

الزمان

إسم

المفعول

إسم

الفاعل

 

مِفْعَلٌ

مَفْعَلٌ

مَفْعُولٌ

فَاعِلٌ

I

 

مُفَعَّلٌ

مُفَعَّلٌ

مُفَعِّلٌ

II

 

مُفَاعَلٌ

مُفَاعَلٌ

مُفَاعِلٌ

III

 

مُفَعَلٌ

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعِلٌ

IV

 

مُتَفَعَّلٌ

مُتَفَعَّلٌ

مُتَفَعِّلٌ

V

 

مُتَفَاعَلٌ

مُتَفَاعَلٌ

مُتَفَاعِلٌ

VI

 

مُنْفَعَلٌ

مُنْفَعَلٌ

مُنْفَعِلٌ

VII

 

مُفْتَعَلٌ

مُفْتَعَلٌ

مُفْتَعِلٌ

VIII

 

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعِلٌ

IX

 

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

مُسْتَفْعِلٌ

X

 

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4. ANSWERING CRITIQUES ON ISLAM

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5.DAKWAH BIL HIKMAH

 

SIX POINTS OF TABLIGH ( 6 points of Sahabah )

(1) Iman .... Firm belief in .. Laa ilaaha illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

(2) Solah .... Pray with full concentration and humbleness 

(3) Ilm & Zikr .... Seek knowledge ( fadhail and masail knowledge) &  always zikr or remember  Allah, to avoid doing haram action

(4) Ikraam .....Respect and give service to  our parents, fellows Muslim and people in general.

(5) Ikhlas ..... Have sincerity in all of our action, or in other word, do things only to please Allah, and not for showing off.

(6) Khuruj fi sabilillah ..... Spend time, money to go out in the path of Allah to train oneself to be a good Muslim and at the same, to spread Islam.

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6. PEOPLE REVERTING TO ISLAM

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7. QURANIC MIRACLES & OTHERS

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8. QUIZZES : GAMES

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more             

DAILY REMINDER

1. Quran  & Hadith

2. Seerah 

3. Tabligh 6 points

4. Renowned local preachers

5. Renowned foreign preachers

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1. QURAN  & HADITH

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Sabt    1  - 99       

1 : Al Fatihah : 6

  اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

HR Bukhari

وَإِنَّ أَحَبَّ الأَعْمَالِ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَا دَامَ وَإِنْ قَلَّ

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7 : Al Baqarah 2 : 43

 وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَارْكَعُوا مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ

HR Muslim

صَلاَةُ الْجَمَاعَةِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ صَلاَةِ الْفَذِّ بِسَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ دَرَجَةً

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19 : Al Baqarah 2 : 121

الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَتْلُونَهُ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِهِ أُولَٰئِكَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ ۗ وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

HR Bukhari

خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه
---------------------------------------- 

22 : Al Baqarah 2 : 143

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ أُمَّةً وَسَطًا لِتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ شَهِيدًا ۗ 

HR Ibn Mājah : Sahih (Al-Albani)     

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْقَصْدِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثًا ‏:‏ ‏"‏ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَمَلُّ حَتَّى تَمَلُّوا    

--------------------------------------------

52 : Ali Imran 3 : 19

إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الْإِسْلَامُ ۗ

61 : Ali Imran 3 : 85

وَمَنْ يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَنْ يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

HR Bukhari

مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي أَمْرِنَا هَذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ

HR Ad-Daraqutni

اَلْإِسْلَامِ يَعْلُو, وَلَا يُعْلَى

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62 : Ali Imran 3 : 92

لَنْ تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتَّىٰ تُنْفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ ۚ وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ

HR Bukhari & Muslim :  muttafaq ‘alaih

اَلْيَدُ الْعُلْيَا خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْيَدِ السُّفْلَى
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63 : Ali Imran 3 : 104         

وَلْتَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

HR Muslim

 مَنْ دَلَّ عَلَى خَيْرٍ, فَلَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِ فَاعِلِهِ 

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64 : Ali Imran 3 : 110

كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ ۗ .... 

HR Muslim

مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ، وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الْإِيمَانِ

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74 : Ali Imran 3 : 185

كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ 

Sunan Ibn Majah.....Grade Hasan (Darussalam)
ـ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏:‏ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَىُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَفْضَلُ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ أَحْسَنُهُمْ خُلُقًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَىُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَكْيَسُ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لِلْمَوْتِ ذِكْرًا وَأَحْسَنُهُمْ لِمَا بَعْدَهُ اسْتِعْدَادًا أُولَئِكَ الأَكْيَاسُ ‏"‏ ‏

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87 : An Nisaa' 4 : 59

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ ۖ فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا

HR Imam Malik dalam Al Muwatta
َ ‏ "‏ تَرَكْتُ فِيكُمْ أَمْرَيْنِ لَنْ تَضِلُّوا مَا تَمَسَّكْتُمْ بِهِمَا كِتَابَ اللَّهِ وَسُنَّةَ نَبِيِّهِ

HR Abu Daud & Termidhi...Hadith Hasan Sahih
فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَسُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ الْمَهْدِيينَ. 

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91 : An-Nisaa' 4 : 82

أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ ۚ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِنْدِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا

---------------------------------------------

   Ahad : 100 - 199   

107 : ِِAl Maidah 5 : 3

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا 

           

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134 : Al An'am 6 : 54

ۖ .وَإِذَا جَاءَكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِآيَاتِنَا فَقُلْ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ  

HR Termizi....Hadith Hasan Sahih
‏ "‏يا أيها الناس أفشوا السلام، وأطعموا الطعام، وصلوا الأرحام وصلوا والناس نيام، تدخلوا الجنة بسلام‏"‏

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   Ithnain 200 - 299

----------------------

 Thulatha :  300 - 399

342 : Al Mu'minun 23 : 1-2

1.قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

2. الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ 

HR Imam Malik

وَأَسْوَأُ السَّرِقَةِ الَّذِي يَسْرِقُ صَلاَتَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا وَكَيْفَ يَسْرِقُ صَلاَتَهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ يُتِمُّ رُكُوعَهَا وَلاَ سُجُودَهَا

-----------------------------------------------

  Arbi'a  : 400 - 499   

401 : Al Ankabut 29 : 45

.... إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ ۗ ...

HR Termizi ..hadith hasan

إن أول ما يحاسب به العبد يوم القيامة من عمله صلاته،

-----------------------------------------

404 : Al Ankabut 29 : 69

  وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

420 : Al Ahzab 33 : 21

لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا

------------------------------------

   Khamis  :  500 - 604

507 : Muhammad 47 : 7

  يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ تَنْصُرُوا اللَّهَ يَنْصُرْكُمْ وَيُثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَكُمْ

----------------------------------------------

518 : Al Hujurat 49 : 13

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا ۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ

HR Muslim

 إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى صُوَرِكُمْ وَأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى قُلُوبِكُمْ وَأَعْمَالِكُمْ 

-------------------------------------------

560 : At Tahrim 66 : 6

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَا يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ

__________________________________________________  

574 : Al Muzzammil : 73 : 1-7

 ١  يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ  . ٢  قُمِ اللَّيْلَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا   . ٣  نِصْفَهُ أَوِ انْقُصْ مِنْهُ قَلِيلًا  . ٤  أَوْ زِدْ عَلَيْهِ وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْآنَ تَرْتِيلًا   ٥  إِنَّا سَنُلْقِي عَلَيْكَ قَوْلًا ثَقِيلًا   . ٦  إِنَّ نَاشِئَةَ اللَّيْلِ هِيَ أَشَدُّ وَطْئًا وَأَقْوَمُ قِيلًا    ٧  إِنَّ لَكَ فِي النَّهَارِ سَبْحًا طَوِيلًا   

575 : Al Muddatstsir : 74 : 1-7

١  يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ  . ٢  قُمْ فَأَنْذِرْ   . ٣  وَرَبَّكَ فَكَبِّرْ   And magnify your Lord. ٤  وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّرْ 4  And purify your clothes. ٥  وَالرُّجْزَ فَاهْجُرْ 5  And abandon abominations. ٦  وَلَا تَمْنُنْ تَسْتَكْثِرُ 6  And show no favor seeking gain. ٧  وَلِرَبِّكَ فَاصْبِرْ 7  And be constant for your Lord.

2. HADITH      

2 : HR Tirmidhi

مفتاح الجنة الصلاة ومفتاح الصلاة الوضوء

19 : HR Bukhari
‏ "‏خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه‏"

HR Muslim
‏ “إذا مات الأنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث‏:‏ صدقة جارية، أو علم ينتفع به، أو ولد صالح يدعو له‏"‏ ‏

 

 

(HR Bukhari & Muslim :  muttafaq ‘alaih)

اَلْيَدُ الْعُلْيَا خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْيَدِ السُّفْلَى

HR Bukhari

بلغوا عنى ولو اية

Xxx

__________________________________________________

3. SEERAH 

Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Awf:

that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: "Abu Bakr is in Paradise, 'Umar is in Paradise, 'Uthman is in Paradise, 'Ali is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise, 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Awf is in Paradise, Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Sa'eed is in Paradise, and Abu 'Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise." 

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُمَرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُثْمَانُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَلِيٌّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَطَلْحَةُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَالزُّبَيْرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَعْدٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَعِيدٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَأَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ بْنُ الْجَرَّاحِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Grade Sahih (Darussalam)  

English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3747
Arabic reference  : Book 49, Hadith 4112

____________________________________________

Narrated Sa'id ibn Zayd:

AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (ﷺ) will go to Paradise, AbuBakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa'd ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and AbdurRahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa'id ibn Zayd.

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ النَّمَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحُرِّ بْنِ الصَّيَّاحِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الأَخْنَسِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَذَكَرَ رَجُلٌ عَلِيًّا عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَقَامَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنِّي سَمِعْتُهُ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ عَشْرَةٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ النَّبِيُّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُمَرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُثْمَانُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَلِيٌّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَطَلْحَةُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَالزُّبَيْرُ بْنُ الْعَوَّامِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَعْدُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَلَوْ شِئْتَ لَسَمَّيْتُ الْعَاشِرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالُوا مَنْ هُوَ فَسَكَتَ قَالَ فَقَالُوا مَنْ هُوَ فَقَالَ هُوَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ ‏.‏

Grade : Sahih

Reference  : Sunan Abi Dawud 4649
In-book reference  : Book 42, Hadith 54
English translation  : Book 41, Hadith 4632

___________________________________________

Sejarah kejayaan di awal Islam semasa zaman Nabi dan Khalifah Ar Rasyidin :  

       Kelengkapan meterial...... yang kurang

       Ketakwaan....... yang tinggi

       Sepuluh Sahabat Nabi yang dijamin syurga..... yang majoriti kaya, tapi dermawan .... terutama Abdurrahman bin Auf RA ..... Yang FATONAH mencari peluang untuk jadi tangan yang di atas 

__________________________________

4. SIX POINTS OF TABLIGH ( 6 points of Sahabah )

(1) Iman .... Firm belief in .. Laa ilaaha illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

(2) Solah .... Pray with full concentration and humbleness 

(3) Ilm & Zikr .... Seek knowledge ( fadhail and masail knowledge) &  always zikr or remember  Allah, to avoid doing haram action

(4) Ikraam .....Respect and give service to  our parents, fellows Muslim and people in general.

(5) Ikhlas ..... Have sincerity in all of our action, or in other word, do things only to please Allah, and not for showing off.

(6) Khuruj fi sabilillah ..... Spend time, money to go out in the path of Allah to train oneself to be a good Muslim and at the same, to spread Islam.

 _________________________________

5. RENOWNED LOCAL PREACHERS 

1. Ustaz Azhar Idrus
2. Maulana Asri
3. Dr Rozaimi
4. Mufti Asri Zainul Abidin
5. Ust Kazim
6. Ust Ebit Lew
7. Prof Datuk Dr Muhaya
8. Ust Ismail Kamus
9. Ust Ahmad Dusuki
10. Ust Auni Mohamad

__________________________________

6. RENOWNED FOREIGN PREACHERS

1. Dr Zakir Naik
2. Nouman Ali Khan
3. Mufti Menk
4. Yasmin Mogahed
5. Hussain Yee
6. Omar Suleiman
7. Yusuf Estes
8. Moulana Tariq Jameel
9. Yasir Qadhi
10. Taqi Usmani

__________________________________

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USER GUIDE

 

HAFALAN & ULANGAN  ...... KAEDAH QAWAN - ada 10 Level

Semua Al Qur'an di dunia dicetak pada 604 muka surat. Maka Kaedah Qawan membahagikan Al Qur'an kepada 6 bahagian.

Kaedah memilih pasangan   .....    

1.Pasangan muka surat di antara 2 juzuk.

2.Ayat ayatnya tidak panjang.

3. Sesuai dibaca dalam solat pada rakaat pertama dan kedua.

4. Sesuai dijadikan bahan untuk tazkirah selepas solat.

_______________________________________________

                 back to top       

_______________________________________________

LEVEL 1

6 Bahagian Melintang                       ( Horizontal - H )

Hanya pasangan muka surat di antara 2 juzuk.

Hari Sabtu    : ms 1- 100      

Hari Ahad     : ms 101 - 200

Hari Ithnin    : ms 201 - 300

Hari Selasa  : ms 301 - 400

Hari Rabu     : ms 401 - 500

Hari Khamis : ms 501 - 604

Hari Jumaat : Ulangkaji semua sekadar mampu

_______________________________________________

6 Bahagian Menegak                       ( Vertical - V ) 

Hanya pasangan muka surat (ms) seluruh Al Qur'an, di antara 2 juzuk yang berhujung dengan nombor tertentu

H.Sabtu    :  ms hujung 01-02

H.Ahad     : ms hujung 21-22

H.Ithnin    : ms hujung 41-42

H.Selasa  : ms hujung 61-62

H.Rabu     : ms hujung 81-82

H.Khamis : ms hujung 99-00

Hari Jumaat : Ulangkaji semua sekadar mampu

________________________________________________

LEVEL 2  ..... akan datang

سورة القدر ٩٧الجزء ٣٠

٥٩٨

ﭑﭒﭓﭔ
[HL]باسم
With the name
Dengan nama
奉名字
fèng míng zi | الله
(of) Allah
Allah (punya)
安拉 (的)
ān lā (de) | ذي الأكثر سخاء بجميع الخلق
the Most Generous for all creations
Yang Maha Pemurah untuk semua kejadian
最慷慨对所有创作
zuì kāng kǎi duì suǒ yǒu chuàng zuò | ذي الرحمة بالمؤمنين
the Most Merciful for the believers
Yang Maha Mengasihani untuk yang percaya
最仁慈对信徒
zuì rén cí duì xìn tú | (1)
ﭑﭒﭓﭔﭕﭖﭗﭘﭙﭚﭛﭜ
verily we
sesungguhnya kami|have sent down
menurunkannya|on
pada|night
malam|alqadr
kemuliaan|1|and did
dan apakah|you know
kamu mengetahui|what is
apa|night
malam|alqadr
kemuliaan|2
ﭝﭞﭟﭠﭡﭢﭣﭤﭥﭦ
night
malam|alqadr
kemuliaan|better
lebih baik|than
daripada|a thousand
seribu|month
bulan|3|descend
turun|the angels
para malaikat|and spirits
dan roh
ﭧﭨﭩﭪﭫﭬﭭﭮﭯﭰﭱﭲﭳ
in it
padanya|by his permission
dengan izin|their lord
tuhan mereka|to
untuk|all
segala|decrees
urusan|4|peace
sejahtera|he
ia|until
sampai|the appearance
terbit|of dawn
fajar|5
ﭑﭒﭓﭔ
[HL]باسم
With the name
Dengan nama
奉名字
fèng míng zi | الله
(of) Allah
Allah (punya)
安拉 (的)
ān lā (de) | ذي الأكثر سخاء بجميع الخلق
the Most Generous for all creations
Yang Maha Pemurah untuk semua kejadian
最慷慨对所有创作
zuì kāng kǎi duì suǒ yǒu chuàng zuò | ذي الرحمة بالمؤمنين
the Most Merciful for the believers
Yang Maha Mengasihani untuk yang percaya
最仁慈对信徒
zuì rén cí duì xìn tú | (1)
ﭴﭵﭶﭷﭸﭹﭺﭻﭼ
never
tidak|will
akan menjadi|people
orang-orang yang|disbelieve
mereka kafir|from
dari|the people
ahli|of scripture
kitab|and the idolaters
dan orang-orang yang musyrik|leave off
meninggalkannya
ﭽﭾﭿﮀﮁﮂﮃﮄﮅﮆﮇ
until
sehingga|come to them
datang kepada mereka|proof
bukti|1|a messenger
seorang rasul|of
dari|Allah
Allah|he read
dia membacakan|pages
mushaf|purified
suci|2
ﮈﮉﮊﮋﮌﮍﮎﮏﮐﮑﮒ
in it
didalamnya|written
hukum-hukum tertulis|the straight
yang lurus|3|nor
dan tidak|divided
terpecah-pecah|people who
orang-orang yang|they are given
mereka diberi|scripture
kitab|except
kecuali|from
dari
ﮓﮔﮕﮖﮗﮘﮙﮚﮛﮜﮝ
after
sesudah|what
apa|came to them
datang kepada mereka|clear proof
bukti|4|and not
dan tidak|they are ordered
mereka diperintah|but
kecuali|to have them worship
supaya mereka menyembah|Allah
Allah|being pleased
mengikhlaskan
ﮞﮟﮠﮡﮢﮣﮤﮥﮦﮧ
toward him
kepadaNya|religion
agama|straightly
lurus|and they perform
dan mereka mendirikan|prayer
solat|and they give
dan mereka memberikan|zakat
zakat||and that is
dan itulah|religion
agama
ﮨﮩﮪﮫﮬﮭﮮﮯﮰ
is straight
lurus|5|verily
sungguh|people who
orang-orang yang|they deny
mereka kafir|from
dari|the people of
ahli|scripture
kitab|and the idolaters
dan orang-orang musyrik
ﮱﯓﯔﯕﯖﯗﯘﯙﯚﯛﯜﯝ
in
dalam|the fire
neraka|jahanam
jahanam|people who abide
orang-orang yang kekal|in it
didalamnya||there are
mereka itu|the ones
merekalah|the worst
seburuk-buruk|creatures
makhluk|6|verily
sesungguhnya
ﯞﯟﯠﯡﯢﯣﯤﯥﯦ
people who
orang-orang yang|they believe
mereka beriman|and did deeds
dan mereka mengerjakan|righteousness
kebajikan-kebajikan|they are
mereka itu|the ones
merekalah|the best
sebaik-baik|creatures
makhluk|7

598

الجزء ٣٠سورة التين ٩٥

٥٩٧

ﭑﭒﭓﭔ
[HL]باسم
With the name
Dengan nama
奉名字
fèng míng zi | الله
(of) Allah
Allah (punya)
安拉 (的)
ān lā (de) | ذي الأكثر سخاء بجميع الخلق
the Most Generous for all creations
Yang Maha Pemurah untuk semua kejadian
最慷慨对所有创作
zuì kāng kǎi duì suǒ yǒu chuàng zuò | ذي الرحمة بالمؤمنين
the Most Merciful for the believers
Yang Maha Mengasihani untuk yang percaya
最仁慈对信徒
zuì rén cí duì xìn tú | (1)
ﭑﭒﭓﭔﭕﭖﭗﭘﭙﭚ
by the fig (fruit)
demi (buah) tin|and the olive (fruit)
dan (buah) zaitun|1|by the mount
demi gunung|sinai
sinai|2|by this
demi ini|country
negeri|which is peaceful
yang aman|3
ﭛﭜﭝﭞﭟﭠﭡﭢﭣﭤﭥ
verily
sesungguhnya|we (Allah) have created
Kami (Allah) telah menciptakan|the human
manusia|in
dalam|the best
sebaik-baik|form
bentuk|4|then
kemudian|we (Allah) return him (the human)
Kami (Allah) mengembalikannya (manusia)|(to) the lowest
(kepada) yang paling rendah|(of) the lows
(dari kalangan) yang rendah-rendah
ﭦﭧﭨﭩﭪﭫﭬﭭﭮﭯﭰ
5|except
kecuali|those who
mereka yang|believe
percaya|and they did
dan mereka telah mengerjakan|righteousness deeds
amalan-amalan baik|so for them
maka bagi mereka|rewards
ganjaran|without
tanpa|ending
terputus|6
ﭱﭲﭳﭴﭵﭶﭷﭸﭹﭺ
so why
maka kenapa|he (human) disbelieve you (Muhammad)
dia (manusia) mendustakan kamu (Muhammad)|after (he/human understand)
selepas (dia/manusia memahami)|toward the religion
terhadap agama|7|is it not
adakah tidak|Allah
Allah|the wisest
yang paling bijaksana|(among) the wise
(dikalangan) para yang bijaksana| ( 8 Audio )
ﭑﭒﭓﭔ
[HL]باسم
With the name
Dengan nama
奉名字
fèng míng zi | الله
(of) Allah
Allah (punya)
安拉 (的)
ān lā (de) | ذي الأكثر سخاء بجميع الخلق
the Most Generous for all creations
Yang Maha Pemurah untuk semua kejadian
最慷慨对所有创作
zuì kāng kǎi duì suǒ yǒu chuàng zuò | ذي الرحمة بالمؤمنين
the Most Merciful for the believers
Yang Maha Mengasihani untuk yang percaya
最仁慈对信徒
zuì rén cí duì xìn tú | (1)
ﭻﭼﭽﭾﭿﮀﮁﮂﮃﮄﮅﮆﮇ
read
bacalah|in the name of
dengan nama|your lord
tuhan kamu|that
yang|has created
Dia telah menciptakan|1|He has created
Dia telah menciptakan|human
manusia|from
dari|aclot
segumpal darah|2|read
bacalah|and your lord
dan tuhanmu
ﮈﮉﮊﮋﮌﮍﮎﮏﮐﮑﮒﮓﮔﮕ
the most generous
yang Mahamulia|3|that
yang|has taught
dia mengajar|with pen
dengan pena|4|He has taught
dia mengajar|human
manusia|which
apa yang|not
tidak|he knew
dia ketahui|5|indeed
pasti|verily
sungguh
ﮖﮗﮘﮙﮚﮛﮜﮝﮞﮟﮠﮡﮢ
human
manusia|really transgress
dia benar-benar derhaka|6|if he
apabila|sees it
dia melihatnya|it would be sufficient
telah cukup|7|verily
sungguh|to
kepada|your lord
tuhanmu|place to return
tempat kembali|8|what do you think
apa pendapatmu
ﮣﮤﮥﮦﮧﮨﮩﮪﮫﮬﮭﮮﮯﮰﮱ
that
tentang yang|prevent
dia melarang|9|a slave
seorang hamba|when
ketika|he performs solat
dia solat|10|what do you think
apa pendapatmu|if
jika|there is
berada|above
diatas|guidance
petunjuk|11|or
atau|he enjoins
dia menyuruh
ﯓﯔﯕﯖﯗﯘﯙﯚﯛﯜﯝﯞﯟﯠﯡ
to piety
kepada takwa|12|what do you think
apa pendapatmu|if
jika|he denies
mendustakan|and turns away
dan berpaling|13|not
tidakkah|he knew
dia tahu|that verily
bahwa sesungguhnya|Allah
Allah|He sees
Dia melihat|14|never
sekali-kali tidak|verily if
sungguh jika
ﯢﯣﯤﯥﯦﯧﯨﯩﯪﯫﯬ
he do not
tidak|cease
dia berhenti|surely we drag
pasti kami tarik|with his forelock
dengan ubun-ubunnya|15|forelock
ubun-ubun|lying
pendusta|sinful
derhaka|16|then he call
maka dia memanggil|his people
kaumnya
ﯭﯮﯯﯰﯱﯲﯳﯴﯵﯶﯷ
17|later we will call
kelak akan kami memanggil|angel zabaniah
Malaikat zabaniah|18|never
sekali-kali tidak|shall not
jangan|you obey him
kamu mematuhinya|and prostrate
dan bersujudlah|and approach
dan dekatkan||19

597

597

95 - At-Tin, 96 - Al-'Alaq

DAILY MOTIVATION   more     

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1. TAJWEED : TARANNUM

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2.TRANSLATIONS : COMMENTARIES

 

A....ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar   تفسير المیسر

B....ENGLISH

Saheeh International

C.....MALAY

Basmeih

D.....CHINESE

Ma Jian

E......ARABIC : ENGLISH : MALAY : CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar  تفسير المیسر : Saheeh International : Basmeih : Ma Jian
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Celik Tafsir
Tafsir Surah at-Teen (Manusia asalnya dijadikan mulia)

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A.....ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar :  تفسير المیسر

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

١  وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ

١  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

٢  وَطُورِ سِينِينَ

٢  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

٣  وَهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ

٣  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

٤  لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ

٤  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

٥  ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

٥  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

٦  إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ

٦  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

٧  فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ

٧  أيُّ شيء يحملك -أيها الإنسان- على أن تكذِّب بالبعث والجزاء مع وضوح الأدلة على قدرة الله تعالى على ذلك؟

٨  أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ

٨  أليس الله الذي جعل هذا اليوم للفصل بين الناس بأحكم الحاكمين في كل ما خلق؟ بلى. فهل يُترك الخلق سدى لا يؤمرون ولا يُنهون، ولا يثابون ولا يعاقبون؟ لا يصحُّ ذلك ولا يكون.

-----------------------------------------

Al-'Alaq

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

١  اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ

١  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

٢  خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

٢  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

٣  اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ

٣  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

٤  الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ

٤  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

٥  عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ

٥  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

٦  كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَيَطْغَىٰ

٦  حقًا إن الإنسان ليتجاوز حدود الله إذا أبطره الغنى، فليعلم كل طاغية أن المصير إلى الله، فيجازي كلَّ إنسان بعمله.

٧  أَنْ رَآهُ اسْتَغْنَىٰ

٧  حقًا إن الإنسان ليتجاوز حدود الله إذا أبطره الغنى، فليعلم كل طاغية أن المصير إلى الله، فيجازي كلَّ إنسان بعمله.

٨  إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَىٰ

٨  حقًا إن الإنسان ليتجاوز حدود الله إذا أبطره الغنى، فليعلم كل طاغية أن المصير إلى الله، فيجازي كلَّ إنسان بعمله.

٩  أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ

٩  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٠  عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ

١٠  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١١  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ

١١  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٢  أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ

١٢  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٣  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ

١٣  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٤  أَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَرَىٰ

١٤  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٥  كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعًا بِالنَّاصِيَةِ

١٥  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٦  نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ

١٦  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٧  فَلْيَدْعُ نَادِيَهُ

١٧  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٨  سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ

١٨  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

١٩  كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ ۩

١٩  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

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B....ENGLISH

Saheeh International

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

١  وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ

1  By the fig and the olive

٢  وَطُورِ سِينِينَ

2  And [by] Mount Sinai

٣  وَهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ

3  And [by] this secure city [Makkah],

٤  لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ

4  We have certainly created man in the best of stature;

٥  ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

5  Then We return him to the lowest of the low,

٦  إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ

6  Except for those who believe and do righteous deeds, for they will have a reward uninterrupted.

٧  فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ

7  So what yet causes you to deny the Recompense?

٨  أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ

8  Is not Allah the most just of judges?

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Al-'Alaq

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

١  اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ

1  Recite in the name of your Lord who created -

٢  خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

2  Created man from a clinging substance.

٣  اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ

3  Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous -

٤  الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ

4  Who taught by the pen -

٥  عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ

5  Taught man that which he knew not.

٦  كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَيَطْغَىٰ

6  No! [But] indeed, man transgresses

٧  أَنْ رَآهُ اسْتَغْنَىٰ

7  Because he sees himself self-sufficient.

٨  إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَىٰ

8  Indeed, to your Lord is the return.

٩  أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ

9  Have you seen the one who forbids

١٠  عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ

10  A servant when he prays?

١١  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ

11  Have you seen if he is upon guidance

١٢  أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ

12  Or enjoins righteousness?

١٣  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ

13  Have you seen if he denies and turns away -

١٤  أَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَرَىٰ

14  Does he not know that Allah sees?

١٥  كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعًا بِالنَّاصِيَةِ

15  No! If he does not desist, We will surely drag him by the forelock -

١٦  نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ

16  A lying, sinning forelock.

١٧  فَلْيَدْعُ نَادِيَهُ

17  Then let him call his associates;

١٨  سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ

18  We will call the angels of Hell.

١٩  كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ ۩

19  No! Do not obey him. But prostrate and draw near [to Allah].

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C.....MALAY

Basmeih

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

١  وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ

1  Demi buah Tiin dan Zaitun,

٢  وَطُورِ سِينِينَ

2  Dan Gunung Tursina,

٣  وَهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ

3  Serta negeri (Makkah) yang aman ini, -

٤  لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ

4  Sesungguhnya Kami telah menciptakan manusia dalam bentuk yang sebaik-baiknya (dan berkelengkapan sesuai dengan keadaannya).

٥  ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

5  Kemudian (jika ia panjang umur sehingga tua atau menyalahgunakan kelengkapan itu), Kami kembalikan dia ke serendah-rendah peringkat orang-orang yang rendah,

٦  إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ

6  Kecuali orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal soleh, maka mereka beroleh pahala yang tidak putus-putus.

٧  فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ

7  (Jika demikian kekuasaanKu), maka apa pula yang menjadikan engkau seorang pendusta, (berkata tidak benar) mengenai hari pembalasan, sesudah (ternyata dalil-dalil yang membuktikan kekuasaanKu mengadakan hari pembalasan) itu?

٨  أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ

8  Bukankah Allah (yang demikian kekuasaanNya) seadil-adil Hakim?

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Al-'Alaq

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

١  اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ

1  Bacalah (wahai Muhammad) dengan nama Tuhanmu yang menciptakan (sekalian makhluk),

٢  خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

2  Ia menciptakan manusia dari sebuku darah beku;

٣  اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ

3  Bacalah, dan Tuhanmu Yang Maha Pemurah, -

٤  الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ

4  Yang mengajar manusia melalui pena dan tulisan, -

٥  عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ

5  Ia mengajarkan manusia apa yang tidak diketahuinya.

٦  كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَيَطْغَىٰ

6  Ingatlah! Sesungguhnya jenis manusia tetap melampaui batas (yang sepatutnya atau yang sewajibnya),

٧  أَنْ رَآهُ اسْتَغْنَىٰ

7  Dengan sebab ia melihat dirinya sudah cukup apa yang dihajatinya.

٨  إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَىٰ

8  (Ingatlah) sesungguhnya kepada Tuhanmu lah tempat kembali (untuk menerima balasan).

٩  أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ

9  Adakah engkau nampak (baiknya) orang yang melarang (dan menghalang) -

١٠  عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ

10  Seorang hamba Allah apabila ia mengerjakan sembahyang?

١١  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ

11  Adakah engkau nampak (buruknya) jika ia berada di atas jalan yang betul? -

١٢  أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ

12  Atau ia menyuruh orang bertaqwa (jangan melakukan syirik)?

١٣  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ

13  Adakah engkau nampak (terlepasnya dari azab) jika ia mendustakan (apa yang disampaikan oleh Nabi Muhammad kepadanya) serta ia berpaling ingkar?

١٤  أَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَرَىٰ

14  Tidakkah ia mengetahui bahawa sesungguhnya Allah melihat (segala amal perbuatannya dan membalasnya)?

١٥  كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعًا بِالنَّاصِيَةِ

15  Jangan sekali-kali berlaku derhaka! Demi sesungguhnya jika ia tidak berhenti (dari perbuatannya yang buruk itu), nescaya Kami akan menyentap ubun-ubunnya (dan menyeretnya ke dalam neraka), -

١٦  نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ

16  Ubun-ubun (orang) yang berdusta, yang bersalah.

١٧  فَلْيَدْعُ نَادِيَهُ

17  Kemudian biarlah ia memanggil kumpulannya (untuk menyelamatkannya),

١٨  سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ

18  Kami pula akan memanggil malaikat Zabaniyah (untuk menyeksanya)!

١٩  كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ ۩

19  Ingatlah! Janganlah engkau (wahai Muhammad) menurut kehendaknya, dan (sebaliknya) sujudlah dan dampingkanlah dirimu kepada Allah (dengan taat dan beramal soleh)!

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D.....CHINESE

Ma Jian

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ

1  以无花果和橄榄果盟誓,

٢  وَطُورِ سِينِينَ

2  以西奈山盟誓,

٣  وَهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ

3  以这个安宁的城市盟誓,

٤  لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ

4  我确已把人造成具有最美的形态,

٥  ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

5  然后我使他变成最卑劣的;

٦  إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ

6  但信道而且行善者, 将受不断的报酬。

٧  فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ

7  此后, 你怎麽还否认报应呢?

٨  أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ

8  难道真主不是最公正的判决者吗?

-----------------------------------------

Al-'Alaq

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ

1  你应当奉你的创造主的名义而宣读,

٢  خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

2  他曾用血块创造人。

٣  اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ

3  你应当宣读,你的主是最尊严的,

٤  الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ

4  他曾教人用笔写字,

٥  عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ

5  他曾教人知道自己所不知道的东西。

٦  كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَيَطْغَىٰ

6  绝不然,人确是悖逆的,

٧  أَنْ رَآهُ اسْتَغْنَىٰ

7  因为他自己是无求的。

٨  إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَىٰ

8  万物必定只归於你的主。

٩  أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ

9  你告诉我吧!

١٠  عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ

10  那个禁止我的仆人礼拜的人;

١١  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ

11  你告诉我吧!如果他是遵循正道的,

١٢  أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ

12  或是命人敬畏的;

١٣  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ

13  你告诉我吧!如果他是否认真理,背弃真理的,

١٤  أَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَرَىٰ

14  难道他还不知道真主是监察的吗?

١٥  كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعًا بِالنَّاصِيَةِ

15  绝不然,如果他不停止,我一定要抓住他的额发--

١٦  نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ

16  说谎者,犯罪者的额发。

١٧  فَلْيَدْعُ نَادِيَهُ

17  让他去召集他的会众吧!

١٨  سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ

18  我将召集强悍的天神。

١٩  كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ ۩

19  绝不然,你不要顺从他,你应当为真主而叩头,你应当亲近真主。※

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E......ARABIC : ENGLISH : MALAY : CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar  تفسير المیسر : Saheeh International : Basmeih : Ma Jian

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ

١  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

1  By the fig and the olive

1  Demi buah Tiin dan Zaitun,

1  以无花果和橄榄果盟誓,

٢  وَطُورِ سِينِينَ

٢  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

2  And [by] Mount Sinai

2  Dan Gunung Tursina,

2  以西奈山盟誓,

٣  وَهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ

٣  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

3  And [by] this secure city [Makkah],

3  Serta negeri (Makkah) yang aman ini, -

3  以这个安宁的城市盟誓,

٤  لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ

٤  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

4  We have certainly created man in the best of stature;

4  Sesungguhnya Kami telah menciptakan manusia dalam bentuk yang sebaik-baiknya (dan berkelengkapan sesuai dengan keadaannya).

4  我确已把人造成具有最美的形态,

٥  ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

٥  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

5  Then We return him to the lowest of the low,

5  Kemudian (jika ia panjang umur sehingga tua atau menyalahgunakan kelengkapan itu), Kami kembalikan dia ke serendah-rendah peringkat orang-orang yang rendah,

5  然后我使他变成最卑劣的;

٦  إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ

٦  أَقْسم الله بالتين والزيتون، وهما من الثمار المشهورة، وأقسم بجبل "طور سيناء" الذي كلَّم الله عليه موسى تكليمًا، وأقسم بهذا البلد الأمين من كل خوف وهو "مكة" مهبط الإسلام. لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن صورة، ثم رددناه إلى النار إن لم يطع الله، ويتبع الرسل، لكن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الأعمال الصالحة لهم أجر عظيم غير مقطوع ولا منقوص.

6  Except for those who believe and do righteous deeds, for they will have a reward uninterrupted.

6  Kecuali orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal soleh, maka mereka beroleh pahala yang tidak putus-putus.

6  但信道而且行善者, 将受不断的报酬。

٧  فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ

٧  أيُّ شيء يحملك -أيها الإنسان- على أن تكذِّب بالبعث والجزاء مع وضوح الأدلة على قدرة الله تعالى على ذلك؟

7  So what yet causes you to deny the Recompense?

7  (Jika demikian kekuasaanKu), maka apa pula yang menjadikan engkau seorang pendusta, (berkata tidak benar) mengenai hari pembalasan, sesudah (ternyata dalil-dalil yang membuktikan kekuasaanKu mengadakan hari pembalasan) itu?

7  此后, 你怎麽还否认报应呢?

٨  أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ

٨  أليس الله الذي جعل هذا اليوم للفصل بين الناس بأحكم الحاكمين في كل ما خلق؟ بلى. فهل يُترك الخلق سدى لا يؤمرون ولا يُنهون، ولا يثابون ولا يعاقبون؟ لا يصحُّ ذلك ولا يكون.

8  Is not Allah the most just of judges?

8  Bukankah Allah (yang demikian kekuasaanNya) seadil-adil Hakim?

8  难道真主不是最公正的判决者吗?

-----------------------------------------

Al-'Alaq

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ

١  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

1  Recite in the name of your Lord who created -

1  Bacalah (wahai Muhammad) dengan nama Tuhanmu yang menciptakan (sekalian makhluk),

1  你应当奉你的创造主的名义而宣读,

٢  خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

٢  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

2  Created man from a clinging substance.

2  Ia menciptakan manusia dari sebuku darah beku;

2  他曾用血块创造人。

٣  اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ

٣  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

3  Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous -

3  Bacalah, dan Tuhanmu Yang Maha Pemurah, -

3  你应当宣读,你的主是最尊严的,

٤  الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ

٤  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

4  Who taught by the pen -

4  Yang mengajar manusia melalui pena dan tulisan, -

4  他曾教人用笔写字,

٥  عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ

٥  اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك من القرآن مُفْتَتِحًا باسم ربك المتفرد بالخلق، الذي خلق كل إنسان من قطعة دم غليظ أحمر. اقرأ -أيها النبي- ما أُنزل إليك، وإن ربك لكثير الإحسان واسع الجود، الذي علَّم خلقه الكتابة بالقلم، علَّم الإنسان ما لم يكن يعلم، ونقله من ظلمة الجهل إلى نور العلم.

5  Taught man that which he knew not.

5  Ia mengajarkan manusia apa yang tidak diketahuinya.

5  他曾教人知道自己所不知道的东西。

٦  كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَيَطْغَىٰ

٦  حقًا إن الإنسان ليتجاوز حدود الله إذا أبطره الغنى، فليعلم كل طاغية أن المصير إلى الله، فيجازي كلَّ إنسان بعمله.

6  No! [But] indeed, man transgresses

6  Ingatlah! Sesungguhnya jenis manusia tetap melampaui batas (yang sepatutnya atau yang sewajibnya),

6  绝不然,人确是悖逆的,

٧  أَنْ رَآهُ اسْتَغْنَىٰ

٧  حقًا إن الإنسان ليتجاوز حدود الله إذا أبطره الغنى، فليعلم كل طاغية أن المصير إلى الله، فيجازي كلَّ إنسان بعمله.

7  Because he sees himself self-sufficient.

7  Dengan sebab ia melihat dirinya sudah cukup apa yang dihajatinya.

7  因为他自己是无求的。

٨  إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَىٰ

٨  حقًا إن الإنسان ليتجاوز حدود الله إذا أبطره الغنى، فليعلم كل طاغية أن المصير إلى الله، فيجازي كلَّ إنسان بعمله.

8  Indeed, to your Lord is the return.

8  (Ingatlah) sesungguhnya kepada Tuhanmu lah tempat kembali (untuk menerima balasan).

8  万物必定只归於你的主。

٩  أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ

٩  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

9  Have you seen the one who forbids

9  Adakah engkau nampak (baiknya) orang yang melarang (dan menghalang) -

9  你告诉我吧!

١٠  عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ

١٠  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

10  A servant when he prays?

10  Seorang hamba Allah apabila ia mengerjakan sembahyang?

10  那个禁止我的仆人礼拜的人;

١١  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ

١١  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

11  Have you seen if he is upon guidance

11  Adakah engkau nampak (buruknya) jika ia berada di atas jalan yang betul? -

11  你告诉我吧!如果他是遵循正道的,

١٢  أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ

١٢  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

12  Or enjoins righteousness?

12  Atau ia menyuruh orang bertaqwa (jangan melakukan syirik)?

12  或是命人敬畏的;

١٣  أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ

١٣  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

13  Have you seen if he denies and turns away -

13  Adakah engkau nampak (terlepasnya dari azab) jika ia mendustakan (apa yang disampaikan oleh Nabi Muhammad kepadanya) serta ia berpaling ingkar?

13  你告诉我吧!如果他是否认真理,背弃真理的,

١٤  أَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَرَىٰ

١٤  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

14  Does he not know that Allah sees?

14  Tidakkah ia mengetahui bahawa sesungguhnya Allah melihat (segala amal perbuatannya dan membalasnya)?

14  难道他还不知道真主是监察的吗?

١٥  كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعًا بِالنَّاصِيَةِ

١٥  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

15  No! If he does not desist, We will surely drag him by the forelock -

15  Jangan sekali-kali berlaku derhaka! Demi sesungguhnya jika ia tidak berhenti (dari perbuatannya yang buruk itu), nescaya Kami akan menyentap ubun-ubunnya (dan menyeretnya ke dalam neraka), -

15  绝不然,如果他不停止,我一定要抓住他的额发--

١٦  نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ

١٦  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

16  A lying, sinning forelock.

16  Ubun-ubun (orang) yang berdusta, yang bersalah.

16  说谎者,犯罪者的额发。

١٧  فَلْيَدْعُ نَادِيَهُ

١٧  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

17  Then let him call his associates;

17  Kemudian biarlah ia memanggil kumpulannya (untuk menyelamatkannya),

17  让他去召集他的会众吧!

١٨  سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ

١٨  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

18  We will call the angels of Hell.

18  Kami pula akan memanggil malaikat Zabaniyah (untuk menyeksanya)!

18  我将召集强悍的天神。

١٩  كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ ۩

١٩  أرأيت أعجب مِن طغيان هذا الرجل (وهو أبو جهل) الذي ينهى عبدًا لنا إذا صلَّى لربه (وهو محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)؟ أرأيت إن كان المنهي عن الصلاة على الهدى فكيف ينهاه؟ أو إن كان آمرًا غيره بالتقوى أينهاه عن ذلك؟ أرأيت إن كذَّب هذا الناهي بما يُدعى إليه، وأعرض عنه، ألم يعلم بأن الله يرى كل ما يفعل؟ ليس الأمر كما يزعم أبو جهل، لئن لم يرجع هذا عن شقاقه وأذاه لنأخذنَّ بمقدَّم رأسه أخذًا عنيفًا، ويُطرح في النار، ناصيته ناصية كاذبة في مقالها، خاطئة في أفعالها. فليُحْضِر هذا الطاغية أهل ناديه الذين يستنصر بهم، سندعو ملائكة العذاب. ليس الأمر على ما يظن أبو جهل، إنه لن ينالك -أيها الرسول- بسوء، فلا تطعه فيما دعاك إليه مِن تَرْك الصلاة، واسجد لربك واقترب منه بالتحبب إليه بطاعته.

19  No! Do not obey him. But prostrate and draw near [to Allah].

19  Ingatlah! Janganlah engkau (wahai Muhammad) menurut kehendaknya, dan (sebaliknya) sujudlah dan dampingkanlah dirimu kepada Allah (dengan taat dan beramal soleh)!

19  绝不然,你不要顺从他,你应当为真主而叩头,你应当亲近真主。※

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3. LEARN ARABIC : OTHER LANGUAGES

 

فعل

مجهول

مضارع

فعل

مجهول

ماض

فعل

معلوم

مضارع

فعل

معلوم

ماض

 

يُفْعَلُ

فُعِلَ

يَفْعَلُ

فَعَلَ

 I

يُفَعَّلُ

فُعِّلَ

يَفَعِّلُ

فَعَّلَ

II

يُفَاعَلُ

فُوْعِلَ

يُفَاعِلُ

فَاعَلَ

III

يُفْعَلُ

أُفْعِلَ

يُفْعِلُ

أَفْعَلَ

IV

يُتَفَعَّلُ

تُفُعِّلَ

يَتَفَعَّلُ

تَفَعَّلَ

V

يُتَفَاعَلُ

تُفُوعِلَ

يَتَفَاعَلُ

تَفَاعَلَ

VI

يُنْفَعَلُ

أُنْفُعِلَ

يَنْفَعِلُ

إِنْفَعَلَ

VII

يُفْتَعَلُ

أُفْتُعِلَ

يُفْتَعِلُ

إِفْتَعَلَ

VIII

يُفَعَّلُ

أُفْعِلَّ

يَفْعَلُّ

إِفْعَلَّ

IX

يُسْتَفْعَلُ

أُسْتُفْعِلَ

يَسْتَفْعِلُ

إِسْتَفْعَلَ

X

 

مصدر

فعل

النهي

فعل

الأمر

 

فَعْلٌ

لاَتَفْعَلْ

إِِفْعَلْ

 I

تَفْعِيْلٌ

لاَتُفَعِّلْ

فَعِّلْ

II

مُفَاعَلَةٌ

لاَتُفَاعِلْ

فَاعِلْ

III

إِفْعَالٌ

لاَتُفْعِلْ

أَفْعِلْ

IV

تَفَعُّلٌ

لاَتَتَفَعَّلْ

تَفَعَّلْ

V

تَفَاعُلٌ

لاَتَتَفَاعَلْ

تَفَاعَلْ

VI

إِنْفِعَالٌ

لاَتَنْفَعِلْ

إِنْفَعِلْ

VII

إِفْتِعَالٌ

لاَتَفْتَعِلْ

إِفْتَعِلْ

VIII

إِفْعِلاَلٌ

 

 

IX

إِسْتِفْعَالٌ

لاَتَسْتَفْعِلْ

إِسْتَفْعِلْ

X

 

إسم

الألة

إسم

المكن

الزمان

إسم

المفعول

إسم

الفاعل

 

مِفْعَلٌ

مَفْعَلٌ

مَفْعُولٌ

فَاعِلٌ

I

 

مُفَعَّلٌ

مُفَعَّلٌ

مُفَعِّلٌ

II

 

مُفَاعَلٌ

مُفَاعَلٌ

مُفَاعِلٌ

III

 

مُفَعَلٌ

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعِلٌ

IV

 

مُتَفَعَّلٌ

مُتَفَعَّلٌ

مُتَفَعِّلٌ

V

 

مُتَفَاعَلٌ

مُتَفَاعَلٌ

مُتَفَاعِلٌ

VI

 

مُنْفَعَلٌ

مُنْفَعَلٌ

مُنْفَعِلٌ

VII

 

مُفْتَعَلٌ

مُفْتَعَلٌ

مُفْتَعِلٌ

VIII

 

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعِلٌ

IX

 

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

مُسْتَفْعِلٌ

X

 

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4. ANSWERING CRITIQUES ON ISLAM

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5. DAKWAH BIL HIKMAH

SIX POINTS OF TABLIGH ( 6 points of Sahabah )

(1) Iman .... Firm belief in .. Laa ilaaha illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

(2) Solah .... Pray with full concentration and humbleness 

(3) Ilm & Zikr .... Seek knowledge ( fadhail and masail knowledge) &  always zikr or remember  Allah, to avoid doing haram action

(4) Ikraam .....Respect and give service to  our parents, fellows Muslim and people in general.

(5) Ikhlas ..... Have sincerity in all of our action, or in other word, do things only to please Allah, and not for showing off.(6) Khuruj fi sabilillah ..... Spend time, money to go out in the path of Allah to train oneself to be a good Muslim and at the same, to spread Islam.

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6. REVERTER STORY

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7. QURANIC MIRACLES 

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8. QUIZZES : GAMES

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more

 

 

DAILY REMINDER

1. Quran  & Hadith

2. Seerah 

3. Tabligh 6 points

4. Renowned local preachers

5. Renowned foreign preachers

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1. QURAN  & HADITH

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Sabt    1  - 99       

1 : Al Fatihah : 6

  اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

HR Bukhari

وَإِنَّ أَحَبَّ الأَعْمَالِ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَا دَامَ وَإِنْ قَلَّ

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7 : Al Baqarah 2 : 43

 وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَارْكَعُوا مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ

HR Muslim

صَلاَةُ الْجَمَاعَةِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ صَلاَةِ الْفَذِّ بِسَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ دَرَجَةً

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19 : Al Baqarah 2 : 121

الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَتْلُونَهُ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِهِ أُولَٰئِكَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ ۗ وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

HR Bukhari

خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه
---------------------------------------- 

22 : Al Baqarah 2 : 143

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ أُمَّةً وَسَطًا لِتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ شَهِيدًا ۗ 

HR Ibn Mājah : Sahih (Al-Albani)     

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْقَصْدِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثًا ‏:‏ ‏"‏ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَمَلُّ حَتَّى تَمَلُّوا    

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52 : Ali Imran 3 : 19

إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الْإِسْلَامُ ۗ

61 : Ali Imran 3 : 85

وَمَنْ يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَنْ يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

HR Bukhari

مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي أَمْرِنَا هَذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ

HR Ad-Daraqutni

اَلْإِسْلَامِ يَعْلُو, وَلَا يُعْلَى

--------------------------------------

62 : Ali Imran 3 : 92

لَنْ تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتَّىٰ تُنْفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ ۚ وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ

HR Bukhari & Muslim :  muttafaq ‘alaih

اَلْيَدُ الْعُلْيَا خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْيَدِ السُّفْلَى
--------------------------------------

63 : Ali Imran 3 : 104         

وَلْتَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

HR Muslim

 مَنْ دَلَّ عَلَى خَيْرٍ, فَلَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِ فَاعِلِهِ 

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64 : Ali Imran 3 : 110

كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ ۗ .... 

HR Muslim

مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ، وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الْإِيمَانِ

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74 : Ali Imran 3 : 185

كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ 

Sunan Ibn Majah.....Grade Hasan (Darussalam)
ـ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏:‏ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَىُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَفْضَلُ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ أَحْسَنُهُمْ خُلُقًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَىُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَكْيَسُ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لِلْمَوْتِ ذِكْرًا وَأَحْسَنُهُمْ لِمَا بَعْدَهُ اسْتِعْدَادًا أُولَئِكَ الأَكْيَاسُ ‏"‏ ‏

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87 : An Nisaa' 4 : 59

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ ۖ فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا

HR Imam Malik dalam Al Muwatta
َ ‏ "‏ تَرَكْتُ فِيكُمْ أَمْرَيْنِ لَنْ تَضِلُّوا مَا تَمَسَّكْتُمْ بِهِمَا كِتَابَ اللَّهِ وَسُنَّةَ نَبِيِّهِ

HR Abu Daud & Termidhi...Hadith Hasan Sahih
فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَسُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ الْمَهْدِيينَ. 

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91 : An-Nisaa' 4 : 82

أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ ۚ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِنْدِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا

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   Ahad : 100 - 199   

107 : ِِAl Maidah 5 : 3

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا 

           

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134 : Al An'am 6 : 54

ۖ .وَإِذَا جَاءَكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِآيَاتِنَا فَقُلْ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ  

HR Termizi....Hadith Hasan Sahih
‏ "‏يا أيها الناس أفشوا السلام، وأطعموا الطعام، وصلوا الأرحام وصلوا والناس نيام، تدخلوا الجنة بسلام‏"‏

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   Ithnain 200 - 299

----------------------

 Thulatha :  300 - 399

342 : Al Mu'minun 23 : 1-2

1.قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

2. الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ 

HR Imam Malik

وَأَسْوَأُ السَّرِقَةِ الَّذِي يَسْرِقُ صَلاَتَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا وَكَيْفَ يَسْرِقُ صَلاَتَهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ يُتِمُّ رُكُوعَهَا وَلاَ سُجُودَهَا

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  Arbi'a  : 400 - 499   

401 : Al Ankabut 29 : 45

.... إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ ۗ ...

HR Termizi ..hadith hasan

إن أول ما يحاسب به العبد يوم القيامة من عمله صلاته،

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404 : Al Ankabut 29 : 69

  وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

420 : Al Ahzab 33 : 21

لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا

------------------------------------

   Khamis  :  500 - 604

507 : Muhammad 47 : 7

  يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ تَنْصُرُوا اللَّهَ يَنْصُرْكُمْ وَيُثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَكُمْ

----------------------------------------------

518 : Al Hujurat 49 : 13

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا ۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ

HR Muslim

 إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى صُوَرِكُمْ وَأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى قُلُوبِكُمْ وَأَعْمَالِكُمْ 

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560 : At Tahrim 66 : 6

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَا يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ

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574 : Al Muzzammil : 73 : 1-7

 ١  يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ  . ٢  قُمِ اللَّيْلَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا   . ٣  نِصْفَهُ أَوِ انْقُصْ مِنْهُ قَلِيلًا  . ٤  أَوْ زِدْ عَلَيْهِ وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْآنَ تَرْتِيلًا   ٥  إِنَّا سَنُلْقِي عَلَيْكَ قَوْلًا ثَقِيلًا   . ٦  إِنَّ نَاشِئَةَ اللَّيْلِ هِيَ أَشَدُّ وَطْئًا وَأَقْوَمُ قِيلًا    ٧  إِنَّ لَكَ فِي النَّهَارِ سَبْحًا طَوِيلًا   

575 : Al Muddatstsir : 74 : 1-7

١  يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ  . ٢  قُمْ فَأَنْذِرْ   . ٣  وَرَبَّكَ فَكَبِّرْ   And magnify your Lord. ٤  وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّرْ 4  And purify your clothes. ٥  وَالرُّجْزَ فَاهْجُرْ 5  And abandon abominations. ٦  وَلَا تَمْنُنْ تَسْتَكْثِرُ 6  And show no favor seeking gain. ٧  وَلِرَبِّكَ فَاصْبِرْ 7  And be constant for your Lord.

2. HADITH      

2 : HR Tirmidhi

مفتاح الجنة الصلاة ومفتاح الصلاة الوضوء

19 : HR Bukhari
‏ "‏خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه‏"

HR Muslim
‏ “إذا مات الأنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث‏:‏ صدقة جارية، أو علم ينتفع به، أو ولد صالح يدعو له‏"‏ ‏

 

 

(HR Bukhari & Muslim :  muttafaq ‘alaih)

اَلْيَدُ الْعُلْيَا خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْيَدِ السُّفْلَى

HR Bukhari

بلغوا عنى ولو اية

Xxx

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3. SEERAH 

Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Awf:

that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: "Abu Bakr is in Paradise, 'Umar is in Paradise, 'Uthman is in Paradise, 'Ali is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise, 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Awf is in Paradise, Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Sa'eed is in Paradise, and Abu 'Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise." 

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُمَرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُثْمَانُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَلِيٌّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَطَلْحَةُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَالزُّبَيْرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَعْدٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَعِيدٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَأَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ بْنُ الْجَرَّاحِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Grade Sahih (Darussalam)  

English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3747
Arabic reference  : Book 49, Hadith 4112

____________________________________________

Narrated Sa'id ibn Zayd:

AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) that I heard him say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (ﷺ) will go to Paradise, AbuBakr will go to Paradise, Umar will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa'd ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and AbdurRahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied: He is Sa'id ibn Zayd.

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ النَّمَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحُرِّ بْنِ الصَّيَّاحِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الأَخْنَسِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَذَكَرَ رَجُلٌ عَلِيًّا عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَقَامَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنِّي سَمِعْتُهُ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ عَشْرَةٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ النَّبِيُّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُمَرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُثْمَانُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَلِيٌّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَطَلْحَةُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَالزُّبَيْرُ بْنُ الْعَوَّامِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَعْدُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَلَوْ شِئْتَ لَسَمَّيْتُ الْعَاشِرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالُوا مَنْ هُوَ فَسَكَتَ قَالَ فَقَالُوا مَنْ هُوَ فَقَالَ هُوَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ ‏.‏

Grade : Sahih

Reference  : Sunan Abi Dawud 4649
In-book reference  : Book 42, Hadith 54
English translation  : Book 41, Hadith 4632

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Sejarah kejayaan di awal Islam semasa zaman Nabi dan Khalifah Ar Rasyidin :  

       Kelengkapan meterial...... yang kurang

       Ketakwaan....... yang tinggi

       Sepuluh Sahabat Nabi yang dijamin syurga..... yang majoriti kaya, tapi dermawan .... terutama Abdurrahman bin Auf RA ..... Yang FATONAH mencari peluang untuk jadi tangan yang di atas 

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4. SIX POINTS OF TABLIGH ( 6 points of Sahabah )

(1) Iman .... Firm belief in .. Laa ilaaha illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

(2) Solah .... Pray with full concentration and humbleness 

(3) Ilm & Zikr .... Seek knowledge ( fadhail and masail knowledge) &  always zikr or remember  Allah, to avoid doing haram action

(4) Ikraam .....Respect and give service to  our parents, fellows Muslim and people in general.

(5) Ikhlas ..... Have sincerity in all of our action, or in other word, do things only to please Allah, and not for showing off.(6) Khuruj fi sabilillah ..... Spend time, money to go out in the path of Allah to train oneself to be a good Muslim and at the same, to spread Islam.

 _________________________________

5. RENOWNED LOCAL PREACHERS 

1. Ustaz Azhar Idrus
2. Maulana Asri
3. Dr Rozaimi
4. Mufti Asri Zainul Abidin
5. Ust Kazim
6. Ust Ebit Lew
7. Prof Datuk Dr Muhaya
8. Ust Ismail Kamus
9. Ust Ahmad Dusuki
10. Ust Auni Mohamad

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6. RENOWNED FOREIGN PREACHERS

1. Dr Zakir Naik
2. Nouman Ali Khan
3. Mufti Menk
4. Yasmin Mogahed
5. Hussain Yee
6. Omar Suleiman
7. Yusuf Estes
8. Moulana Tariq Jameel
9. Yasir Qadhi
10. Taqi Usmani

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USER GUIDE

 

HAFALAN & ULANGAN  ...... KAEDAH QAWAN - ada 10 Level

Semua Al Qur'an di dunia dicetak pada 604 muka surat. Maka Kaedah Qawan membahagikan Al Qur'an kepada 6 bahagian.

Kaedah memilih pasangan   .....    

1.Pasangan muka surat di antara 2 juzuk.

2.Ayat ayatnya tidak panjang.

3. Sesuai dibaca dalam solat pada rakaat pertama dan kedua.

4. Sesuai dijadikan bahan untuk tazkirah selepas solat.

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LEVEL 1

6 Bahagian Melintang                       ( Horizontal - H )

Hanya pasangan muka surat di antara 2 juzuk.

Hari Sabtu    : ms 1- 100      

Hari Ahad     : ms 101 - 200

Hari Ithnin    : ms 201 - 300

Hari Selasa  : ms 301 - 400

Hari Rabu     : ms 401 - 500

Hari Khamis : ms 501 - 604

Hari Jumaat : Ulangkaji semua sekadar mampu

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6 Bahagian Menegak                       ( Vertical - V ) 

Hanya pasangan muka surat (ms) seluruh Al Qur'an, di antara 2 juzuk yang berhujung dengan nombor tertentu

H.Sabtu    :  ms hujung 01-02

H.Ahad     : ms hujung 21-22

H.Ithnin    : ms hujung 41-42

H.Selasa  : ms hujung 61-62

H.Rabu     : ms hujung 81-82

H.Khamis : ms hujung 99-00

Hari Jumaat : Ulangkaji semua sekadar mampu

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LEVEL 2  ..... akan datang

quiz
Hadith : Conversation
Hadith : Perbualan

             

HR Bukhari & Muslim

 (كَانَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏(ﷺ  

‏إِذَا دَخَلَ اَلْعَشْرُ -

(أَيْ: اَلْعَشْرُ اَلْأَخِيرُ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ‏)‏))

 شَدَّ مِئْزَرَهُ,

وَأَحْيَا لَيْلَهُ,

وَأَيْقَظَ أَهْلَهُ

Translation                          

A’isha (RAA) narrated, ‘With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. keep away from his wives) and used to stay up praying all night, and he would also wake his wives (to pray and recite Qur’an etc..).” Agreed upon.

 

وَعَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: { كَانَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-إِذَا دَخَلَ اَلْعَشْرُ ‏-أَيْ: اَلْعَشْرُ اَلْأَخِيرُ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ‏- شَدَّ مِئْزَرَهُ, وَأَحْيَا لَيْلَهُ, وَأَيْقَظَ أَهْلَهُ } مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ 1‏ .‏


‏1 ‏- صحيح.‏ رواه البخاري ( 2024 )‏، ومسلم ( 1174 )‏، وزاد مسلم: " وجد ".‏ قلت: أي: في العبادة.‏ وقوله: " أي: العشر الأخيرة من رمضان ".‏ فهي من قول الحافظ رحمه الله.‏

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More Hadith                      

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Conversation                    

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World Islamic History : 598 H
30/9/1201 - 18/9/1202 CE

                     

The Delhi Sultanate is established.

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Other Events                                    

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Islamic Lineage                               

xxx

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Islamic Timeline                             

1 - 100 (623 - 719)
101 - 200 (720 - 816)
201- 300 (817 - 913)
301 - 400 (914 - 1010)
401 - 500 (1011 - 1107)
501 - 600 (1108 - 1204)
601 - 700 (1205 - 1301)
701 - 800 (1302 - 1398)
801 - 900 (1399 - 1495)
901 - 1000 (1496 - 1592)
1001 - 1100 (1593 - 1689)
1101 - 1200 (1690 - 1786)
1201 - 1300 (1787 - 1883)
1301 - 1400 (1884 - 1980)
1401 - 1500 (1981 - 2078)

570 : 52 BH
  Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca
610 : 12 BH
  Revelation of the first versus of the Quran
  Ali ibn Abu Talib and Abu Bakar as Siddiq accept Islam
615 : 7 BH
  Conversion of Omar Ibn Al Khattab
620 : 2 BH
  A group of Muslims migrates to Abyssinia to escape the persecution in Mecca
622 : 1 AH
  Prophet Muhammad migrates to Madina
  Start of the Islamic calendar
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624  : 2 AH 
  Battle of Badr
625 : 3 AH
  Battle of Uhud  
626 : 5 AH
  Battle of Khandaq / Battle of the Trench 
627 : 6 AH
  Prophet Muhammad concludes the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the Meccans
628 : 7 AH
  The Muslims reclaim Mecca
  The Prophet sends messages to Khosroe of Persia, Heraclius of Byzantium, Muqawqis of Egypt and the king of Yemen, inviting them to accept Islam 
632 : 11 AH
  Farewell pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad
  The last verse of the Quran is revealed
  Defensive expedition to Tabuk against the Byzantines ends in a stalemate and commander Zaid bin Harris is killed in action
  Prophet Muhammad passes away
  The Companions establish the Caliphate to affirm the historical continuity of Islam
  Abu Bakar as Siddiq is elected the first Caliph
  Death of Fatimah az Zahra beloved daughter of the Prophet,wife of Ali ibn Abu Talib
 

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633 : 12 AH
  Abu Bakar conducts campaigns against eastern Arabs to ensure their compliance with zakat
  Rise of the false prophets
  Battle of Yamama against Musailimah Al Kazzab
  Abu Bakar authorizes the preparation of a written copy of the Quran, the Mashaf e Siddiqi
634 : 13 AH
  Muslim armies defeat the Byzantines at the Battle of Ajnadyn
  Abu Bakar passes away
  Omar ibn Al Khattab is elected the Caliph
635 : 14 AH
  Campaigns against eastern Roman and Persian Empires
  The Muslims capture Damascus
636 : 15 AH
  The Persian army is defeated at the Battle of Qadasia
  The Byzantines are defeated at the Battle of Yarmuk
  Jerusalem conquered by Arab armies. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to Christians.
 

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637 : 16 AH
  The Muslims capture Madayen, capital of the Persian Empire
640 : 19 AH
  Omar bin al As begins campaigns in Egypt
641 : 20 AH
  Arab armies advance towards Khorasan, Afghanistan dan Sindh
642 : 21 AH
  The conquest of Egypt is completed
  Caliph Omar streamlines the administration of the vast empire
  Judical rulings of Omar ibn al Khattab and Ali ibn Abu Talib provide a basis for the sciences of Fiqh
  Persian armies defeated at the Battle of Nahawand
643 : 22 AH
  First construction of the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem
644 : 23 AH
  Caliph Omar ibn Al Khattab is assassinated
  Uthman bin Affan is elected the Caliph
649 : 28 AH
  Cyprus is captured from the Byzantines
650 : 29 AH
  Pronunciation of Quranic verses standardized
652 : 31 AH
  Death of Abu Dhar al Ghifari, venerated Companion and Sufi
656 : 36 AH
  Caliph Uthman bin Affan is assassinated
  Ali ibn Abu Talib is elected the Caliph
  Beginning of the Civil Wars
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats dissidents under Aisha binti Abu Bakar at the Battle of the Camel  
657 : 37 AH
  Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, refuses to recognize the Caliphate of Ali
  Battle of Siffin between forces of Ali and Muawiya
  Beginning of the Kharijite schism
 

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658 : 38 AH
  Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan
  Muawiya is declared the Caliph by his supporters in Damascus
659 : 39 AH
  Truce between Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
661 : 41 AH
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib is assassinated
  Age of Khulafa e Rashidoon ends
  Muawiya claims the Caliphate
  Beginning of the Umayyad dynasty
  Imam Hassan ibn Ali retires from politics
665 : 45 AH
  Muawiya orders the buildup of a navy
667 : 47 AH
  Muslim armies capture Khorasan
669 : 49 AH
  Death of Imam Hassan ibn Ali
670 : 50 AH
  Uqba bin Nafi begins the conquest of North Africa
  The city of Khairaoun in North Africa is founded
671 : 51 AH
  Muslim armies capture the island of Rhodes
  The first attempt to capture Constantinople fails
678 : 58 AH
  Death of Aisha binti Abu Bakar wife of Prophet Muhammad and the source of a large number of Hadith
 

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680 : 60 AH
  Death of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
  Yazid son of Muawiya becomes Omayyad ruler
  The tragedy of Karbala, Hussain ibn Ali,grandson of the Prophet is martyred
  Beginning of Yawm e Ashoora
683 : 63 AH
  Yazid sacks Madina
  Uqba bin Nafi conquers North Africa
  Death of Yazid: Muawiya II succeeds him
684 : 64 AH
  Marwan I becomes the Caliph
685 : 65 AH
  Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph
  Construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  Muslim armies advance into Central Asia
690 : 71 AH
  Omayyad armies reach the Atlantic Ocean
691 : 72 AH
  Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is completed
692 : 73 AH
  Abdul Malik mints the first coins of the Islamic state
693 : 74 AH
  Al Hajjaj also known as al Hajjaj the cruel becomes governor of Iraq
694 : 75 AH
  Construction of the Omayyad Mosque in Damascus
699 : 80 AH
  Death of Al Juhani rationalist, philosopher
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705 : 86 AH
  Al Walid I becomes the Caliph and begins a vigorous expansion of the empire
711 : 92 AH
  Tariq ibn Ziyad lands in Spain. Visigoth army under Rodriguez is defeated at the Battle of Buhayrah
  Muhammad bin Qasim lands at Debal subdues Baluchistan , Sindh , Multan and southern Punjab
712 : 93 AH
  Musa ibn Nusair advances into Leon, Astoria, and Galicia
  Beginning of 780 years of Muslim rule in Andalus
  Jewish golden age in Spain
  Death of Imam Zainul Abedin
713 : 94 AH
  Zaid bin Zainul Abedin organizes resistance to the Omayyads. Beginning of the Zaidi branch.
  Muslim armies capture Lyons in France
714 : 95 AH
  Muhammad bin Qasim recalled from Sindh by Hajjaj bin Yusuf and imprisoned until death
  Muslims capture Normandy in France
715 : 96 AH
  Sulaiman becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Musa ibn Nusair recalled from Spain by Caliph Sulaiman, stripped of all power and banished into the desert
717 : 98 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz becomes the Caliph and attempts reconciliation in the Islamic community. He lowers taxes on peasants in Persia and Egypt.
  The Byzantines repulse a second Muslim attempt to capture Constantinople.
  Spread of Islam into Persia and Egypt picks up momentum
 

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719 : 100 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz is poisoned
  Yazid II becomes the Caliph
720 : 101 AH
  Muslim armies cross the Pyrenees and occupy southern France
724 : 106 AH
  Hisham becomes the Caliph
728 : 110 AH
  Death of Hasan al Basri,well known Sufi Shaykh
731 : 113 AH
  Death of Imam al Baqir
732 : 114 AH
  Charles Martel stops the Muslim advance into Europe at the Battle of Tours
735 : 117 AH
  Muslim armies advance through southern France and occupy mountain passes in Switzerland
740 : 122 AH
  Death of Imam Zaid bin Zain ul Abedin
743 : 125 AH
  Al Walid II becomes the Caliph
744 : 126 AH
  Abu Muslim is appointed the chief dayee of Khorasan
  Yazid III, Ibrahim and Marwan II become the Caliphs in rapid succession
745 : 127 AH
  Imam Jaafar as Saadiq discusses Fiqh issues in his study circles. Imam Abu Haneefa participates in these studies and benefits from them.
746 : 128 AH
  Beginning of the Abbasid revolution in Khorasan
747 : 129 AH
  Kufa falls to the Abbasids. Abu Muslim nominates Abul Abbas as the first Abbasid Caliph
750 : 132 AH
  The Abbasid Revolution
  The Abbasid forces defeat the Caliph Marwan at the Battle of Kushaf. The Umayyads are swept away from power and are slaughtered
  Andur Rahman I escapes to Spain
  Beginning of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. Abu Abbas al Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph
 

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751 : 133 AH
  Battle of Tlas.The Muslim armies are victorious over the forces of the Tang Empire. China cedes Central Asia to the Caliphate
  Systematic development of Fiqh begins
754 : 136 AH
  Al Mansur becomes the Caliph,sends troops into China in response to a request for help from the Tang Emperor Tsung. 
755 : 138 AH
  The Umayyad Abdur Rahman I establishes the Umayyad Emirate in Cordoba Spain
759 : 142 AH
  The Franks recapture Narbonne from the Muslims
760 : 143 AH
  Death of Imam Ismail, son of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq
  Beginning of the Fatimid branch among Muslims
763 : 146 AH
  Baghdad becomes the seat of the Caliphate and the cradle of Islamic civilization
765 : 148 AH
  Death of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq one of the principal sources of Fiqh. Caliph al Mansur establishes schools of translation in Baghdad.
  Muslims come into contact with Greek philosophy and Indian mathematics
768 : 151 AH
  Death of Imam Abu Haneefa after whom the Hanafi school of Fiqh is named.
  Charlemagne ( 768-814) ascends the Frankish throne.
 

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775 : 158 AH
  Al Mahdi becomes the Caliph
778 : 161 AH
  Charlemagne of France raids Muslim Spain
780 : 163 AH
  Charlemagne invades German territories and converts the Germans to Christianity
781 : 164 AH
  Ibn Jabir invents the science of chemistry
785 : 168 AH
  Al Hadi becomes the Caliph
786 : 169 AH 
  Harun al Rashid becomes the Caliph. Golden age of Baghdad
788 : 172 AH
  Beginning of the Idrisid dynasty in North Africa
790 : 174 AH
  The manufacture of paper is introduced into Baghdad from China
795 : 179 AH
  Death of Imam Malik bin Anas, after whom the Maliki school of Fiqh is named
799 : 183 AH 
  Zubaida, wife of Harun al Rashid performs the Hajj and builds rest houses for hajjis on the road
  Death of Imam Muza al Kazim
 

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800 : 184 AH
  Harun al Rashid and Charlemagne exchange ambassadors
801 : 185 AH
  The city of Fez is established
  Charlemagne begins an invasion of Muslim Spain
802 : 186 AH
  Death of Rabia al Adawiya one of the most celebrated spiritual luminaries and a teacher of Sufi masters
809 : 193 AH
  Death of Harun al Rashid. Al Amin becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
813 : 197 AH
  Al Mamun succeeds his brother Al Amin as the Caliph
814 : 198 AH
  Death of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Empire in Europe begins to disintegrate
815 : 199 AH
  Al Khwarizmi invents the science of Algebra and develops the mathematics of equations
  Viking raids from the North ravage Europe
  The Abbasid Empire begins a slow process of disintegration. The Idrisids in North Africa and the Tahirids in Persia become autonomous
 

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818 : 202 AH
  Death of Imam Ali al Rida
820 : 205 AH
  Death of Imam al Shafie after whom the Shafie school of Fiqh is named.
  Rise of the Aghlabids in North Africa
822 : 207 AH
  Music flourishes at the court of Cordoba under the musician al Zirhab
  The Aghlabid armies from North Africa invade Sicily
827 : 212 AH
  Caliph al Mamun adopts Mutazilite doctrines as court dogma
  The Idrisids capture Crete, Sardinia and Sicily
830 : 215 AH
  Caliph al Mamun patronizes the Bait ul Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad and encourages translation of Greek and Sanskrit books into arabic. The Muslims develop concept of decimals in mathematics
831 : 216 AH
  Muslims capture Palermo Italy
833 : 218 AH
  Death of Al Mamun. Al Mutasim becomes the Caliph and enlists Turks into the army
835 : 220 AH
  Death of Imam al Jawwad
838 : 223 AH
  Umayyad armies from Spain occupy Marseilles France
840 : 225 AH
  Death of Al Khwarizmi mathematician , Sufi Shaykh
842 : 227 AH
  Al Wathiq becomes the Caliph
846 : 231 AH
  The Aghlabids in North Africa occupy Pisa and conduct a raid on Rome
 

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847 : 232 AH
  Al Mutawakkil becomes the Caliph abandons Mutazilite doctrines
850 : 235 AH
  Turkish influence in the Caliphate grows
855 : 241 AH
  Death of Imam ibn Hanbal after whom the Hanbali school of FIqh is named
861 : 247 AH
  University of Kairaouine ( established 859 CE ) in Fes Morocco. Caliph al Mutawakkil is murdered in Baghdad. Al Muntasir becomes the Caliph
866 : 252 AH
  Al Mutaz becomes the Caliph
868 : 254 AH
  Egypt becomes autonomous under the Tulunids
  Palermo in Sicily becomes a center of Islamic learning
  Death of Imam al Hadi
870 : 256 AH
  The Zanj workers from East Africa revolt in Iraq
  Death of Al Farabi and Al Kindi noted men of science
  Death of Al Tabari renowned physician
  The Muslims capture Malta
  Al Mutamid becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
874 : 260 AH
  Death of Abul Hussain Muslim, compiler of Hadith
  Death of Imam al Askari
  Death of Al Kindi mathematician astronomer
  Death of Al Bistami one of the most celebrated Sufi Shaikhs
 

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875 : 261 AH
  Hamdan Karamat starts the Karamatian movement
  The Sassanids establish themselves in Bokhara
878 : 264 AH
  Disappearance of Imam al Muntazar the Twelth Imam
  Beginning of belief in the hidden Imam
880 : 266 AH
  The Aghlabids lose southern Italy to Christian forces
882 : 268 AH
  A rebellion of the Zanj in Iraq is crushed
885 : 272 AH
  Death of Dawud ibn Khalaf expounder of the Zahiri school of Fiqh
887 : 274 AH
  Peasant revolt in China against foreigners forces out the Muslims of Canton
889 : 276 AH
  Death of Ibn Kutaiba historian
890 : 277 AH
  Spanish Muslims re-establish bases in southern France and conduct raids into Switzerland
892 : 279 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Tharmidi historian
  Al Mutadid becomes the Caliph
893 : 280 AH
  The Karamatians capture Yemen
898 : 285 AH
  Imam al Hadi Yahya establishes a Zaidi state in Yemen
 

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900 : 287 AH
  The Arabian Nights are compiled
  Improvements appear in the design and use of the Astrolabe
  The Kharijites establish a dynasty in Sijilmasa North Africa
901 : 288 AH
  The Samanids emerge in Khorasan Persia
902 : 289 AH
  Al Muktafi becomes the Caliph
903 : 290 AH
  The Karamatians plunder Damascus
904 : 291 AH
  Muslim armies capture Solonika from the Byzantines
907 : 294 AH
  Abu Abdullah Fatimid leader moves to North Africa 
908 : 295 AH
  Al Muqtadir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
909 : 296 AH
  The Fatimids establish themselves in North Africa
  Ubaidulla al Mahdi becomes the first Fatimid Caliph
910 : 297 AH
  Al Razi conducts research into infectious diseases including small pox,rabies and the plague
912 : 299 AH
  Reign of Abdul Rahman III in Spain (912 - 961). Cordoba becomes the premier city of Europe. Golden age of Spain. Science and civilization thrive.
 

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914 : 301 AH
  Nasr al Saeed of the Samanids in Khorasan favors the Fatimids over the Abbasids
915 : 302 AH
  The Kharijites establish themselves in southern Morocco
  The Fatimids raid Egypt
922 : 310 AH
  Mansur al Hallaj Persian mystic is executed for his esoteric views
  Beginning of the Tahirid dynasty in Iraq
923 : 311 AH
  Death of Abu Tabari, noted commentator on the Quran
925 : 313 AH
  Death of Al Razi doctor of medicine
929 : 317 AH
  In response to Fatimid claims to the Caliphate, Abdul Rahman III of Spain assumes the title of Caliph and protector of Sunni Muslims in North Africa
930 : 318 AH
  The Karamatians raid Mecca and carry off the Hijr e Aswad from the Haram to Bahrain
931 : 319 AH
  Abdur Rahman III occupies Ceuta
  The Fatimids capture Algeria
932 : 320 AH
  The Buyids establish their rule in southern Iraq
  Al Qahir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
933 : 321 AH
  The Ishkedids displace the Tulunids in Egypt and rule until 969
934 : 322 AH
  Al Radi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Qaim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
936 : 324 AH
  Death of Al Ashari (874-936), highly influential theologian who reconciled Mutazilite doctrines with orthodox theology. Author of ''occasionalism' in philosophy 
939 : 327 AH
  Abdul RAhman III of Spain captures Fraxinetum, Valais,Geneva, Toulon and Great St. Bernard
940 : 328 AH
  Extensive postal services are established by the Abbasids
  Al Muttaqi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
 

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945 : 333 AH
  The Buyids temporarily capture Baghdad
946 : 334 AH
  Al Mutee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Mansur becomes the Fatimid Caliph
950 : 338 AH
  Death of Al Farabi , noted scientist, philosopher, jurist,author of treatises on ethics, music and logic, Sufi Shaykh
951 : 340 AH
  The Ikhwan as Safa in Iraq compile an Ecyclopedia of Knowledge
953 : 342 AH
  Al Muiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in North Africa
955 : 344 AH
  Sharp naval engagements between the navies of Al Muiz and Abdul Rahman III off the coast of Spain
957 : 346 AH
  Al Masudi, the historian, passes away
961 : 350 AH
  Death of Abdul Rahman III
  The Oghuz family of Turks in Central Asia accepts Islam
962 : 351 AH
  The Seljuk, Alaptagin, establishes a kingdom in Ghazna Afghanistan
968 : 357 AH
  The Umayyads establish a university in Cordoba
969 : 358 AH
  The Fatimids conquer Egypt and establish the city of Cairo
970 : 359 AH
  The Fatimids capture Syria, Mecca and Madina and lay claim to the leadership of the Islamic world. Fatimid rule in Multan ( modern Pakistan ). Brisk trade between Alexandria, Egypt and Venice, Italy
971 : 360 AH 
  The Fatimids establish Al-Azhar University in Cairo
974 : 363 AH
  Al Ta'ee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
975 : 364 AH
  Death of Al Muiz, Fatimid Caliph of Egypt. Al Aziz becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Muslim astronomers publish manuscripts showing constellations of stars
988 : 378 AH
  Count Vladimir of Kiev embraces Eastern Orthodox Christianity
991 : 381 AH
  Al Qadir becomes the Abbasid Caliph
996 : 386 AH
  Al Hakim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Pope Pious XI declares the Crusades against Muslim
997 : 387 AH
  Mahmud succeeds Alaptagin in Ghazna and dominates Central Asia
 

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999 : 389 AH
 

Large scale Turkish migrations into Central Asia.

 

Kara Khani Turks occupy Bukhara.

 

Mahmud of Ghazna annexes Khorasan.

 

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1000 : 390 AH
 

Mahmud makes the first of seventeen raids into India.

 

The Chinese use gunpowder to propel arrows.

1001 : 391 AH
 

Mahmud starts campaigns to capture Peshawar, Bhera, Nagarkot, Tarain, Thaneshwar and Kanauj in India.

1004 : 394 AH
 

Mahmud defeats Dawud, Fatimid ruler of Multan.

1016 : 407 AH
 

The Christians reclaim Sardinia.

1017 : 408 AH
 

Beginning of the Druze sect in Lebanon.

1020 : 411 AH
 

Death of Firdowsi of Persia, author of Shah Nama.

 

Mahmud establishes Lahore as the capital of Punjab.

 

Death of Fatimid Caliph al Hakim who had claimed divinity.

1021 : 412 AH
 

Al Zahir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1024 : 415 AH
 

Mahmud raids temple of Somanath in Gujrat, India.

1025 : 416 AH
 

Al Baruni publishes Kitab ul Hind, a penetrating study of the people of India.

1030 : 421 AH
 

Death of Mahmud of Ghazna.
Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista.

 

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1031 : 422 AH
 

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba disintegrates. Spain breaks up into petty emirates. The Christian kingdoms of Castille, Leon and Portugal position themselves to attack the Muslim territories.

 

Al Qaim becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1032 : 423 AH
 

The Church of Constantinople breaks with the Church of Rome over the issue of icons in the Church.

1036 : 427 AH
 

Taghril Beg becomes Seljuk Sultan.

 

Al Mustansir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1037 : 428 AH
 

Death of Abu Ali ibn Sina, one of the greatest of physicians.

 

Ferdinand I, king of Castille, captures Leon.

1038 : 429 AH
 

Death of Al Hazen, noted physicist.

1043 : 434 AH
 

The Fatimid Empire begins to crumble. Mecca, Madina, Yemen and North Africa are lost by the Fatimids.

1048 : 440 AH
 

Death of al Bairuni, historian, author of Kitab ul Hind.

1050 : 442 AH
 

The Christians advance in Sicily.

1051 : 443 AH
 

Beginning of the Murabitun revolution in West Africa.

1056 : 448 AH
 

The Seljuk Taghril Beg and the Buyid Basisiri contest the control of Baghdad.

1058 : 450 AH
 

Taghril Beg is anointed by Abbasid Caliph Kaim as “sultan of the east and the west” for his role in protecting the Abbasid Caliphate.

1060 : 452 AH
 

The Seljuk Turks advance into Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

 

The Crusaders raid the coast of North Africa.

 

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1061 : 453 AH
 

The Murabitun capture Morocco.

 

The Murabitun establish the city of Marrakesh as their capital.

1063 : 455 AH
 

Taghril Beg dies childless. His nephew Alap Arsalan becomes the Seljuk sultan.

1068 : 460 AH
 

Beginning of the Songhay Empire in West Africa.

1072 : 464 AH
 

Battle of Manzikert. The Seljuk Turks under Alap Arsalan defeat the Byzantines under Emperor Romanus and open up Anatolia for Turkish settlement.

 

The Christians capture Palermo in Sicily.

1075 : 467 AH
 

The Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah retakes Syria from the Fatimids.

 

Al Muqtadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph.

1077 : 469 AH
 

Birth of Abdul Qader Jeelani, celebrated Sufi sage.

1085 : 478 AH
 

Alfonso I of Castile captures Toledo, the ancient capital of Visigoth Spain. The extensive libraries of Toledo become accessible to Christian Europe.

1086 : 479 AH
 

The Murabitun emir, Yusuf bin Tashfin, advances into Spain at the head of a powerful African force.

 

The Nizamiya College is founded in Baghdad by Nizam ul Mulk, grand vizier to Sultan Malik Shah.

 

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1087 : 480 AH
 

Yusuf bin Tashfin defeats Alfonso VI at the Battle of Sagrajas.

 

The Crusaders sack Mahdiya in North Africa.

 

The assassin terror grows in Iraq and Syria.

1090 : 483 AH
 

Al Ghazzali teaches at NizamiyaCollege, Baghdad.

 

The Crusaders capture Malta.

 

The assassins capture Alamut in northern Syria and establish a training center for fidayees.

1091 : 484 AH
 

End of Muslim presence in Sicily.

 

Smyrna in Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

 

Death of Sultan Malik Shah.

 

The assassins murder grand vizier Nizam ul Mulk.

1094 : 487 AH
 

Al Mustansir becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

 

Al Mustadi becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.

1095 : 488 AH
 

Pope Urban II declares a Crusade to take Jerusalem.

 

Al Afdal, grand vizier of Fatimid Egypt, recaptures Jerusalem from Turkish emir Duqaq of Damascus.

1096 : 489 AH
 

The start of the First Crusade.

1097 : 490 AH
 

Konya Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

  The Turks retreat before the advancing Crusaders.
  The Fatimids in Egypt start negotiations with the Crusaders to divide up Seljuk territories.
1098 : 491 AH
 

The Crusaders capture Antioch.

1099 : 492 AH
 

Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. The Muslims and the Jews are massacred. Baldwin becomes king of Jerusalem.

 

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1100 : 493 AH
 

Al Ghazzali writes a powerful diatribe, Tahaffuz al Falsafa, against speculative philosophy. In Ihya al Uloom, he accords tasawwuf an honored position in the Islamic sciences.

1106 : 499 AH
 

Death of Yusuf bin Tashfin, emir of the Murabitun.

1111 : 504 AH
 

Abu Hamid al Ghazzali dies after transforming the intellectual landscape of the Islamic world.

1113 : 507 AH
 

Maudud, a Seljuk officer from Mosul, defeats King Baldwin of Jerusalem.

1118 : 512 AH
 

Al Mustarshid, Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1123 : 517 AH
 

Death of Omar al Khayyam, mathematician, mystic.

1124 : 518 AH
 

Death of Hassan al Sabbah, leader of the Assassins.

1126 : 520 AH
 

Archbishop Raymond establishes a school in Toledo to translate Arabic books into Latin.

1127 : 521 AH
 

The Assassins murder Turkish officer Maudud.

1130 : 524 AH
 

Death of ibn Tumart, leader of the Al Muhaddithin.

1132 : 526 AH
 

Roger II of Sicily invites Muslim scholars to work at his court.

 

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1139 :533 AH
 

Birth of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti, Sufi sage.

1141 : 535 AH
 

The Kara Kitai Turkomans defeat the Seljuks at Amu Darya.

1144 : 538 AH
  The Seljuks, under Zengi, recapture Edessa.
  Pope Eugene declares the Second Crusade.
1145 : 539 AH
  The Second Crusade collapses in Anatolia but succeeds in capturing Lisbon in Portugal.
  End of the Murabitun rule in Andalus.
1146 : 541 AH
  The al Muhaddithin captures Morocco.
  The assassins murder Seljuk Emir Zengi.
1149 : 544 AH
 

Al Zafir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1150 : 545 AH
 

The University of Paris is established.

1151 : 546 AH
 

Al Idrisi constructs a map of the then known world.

1154 : 549 AH
  The Kurdish officer Nuruddin, in Seljuk service, takes Damascus.
  Al Faiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.
1157 : 552 AH
 

The al Muhaddithin captures Andalus.

1160 : 555 AH
  Al Mustanjid becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
  Al Adid, the last of the Fatimids, becomes the Caliph in Cairo.
1163 : 558 AH
 

The Seljuks and the Crusaders compete for influence in Fatimid Egypt.

1166 : 561 AH
  Death of Shaykh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad, called Shaykh ul Mashaiq, founder of the Qadariya Sufi order.
  Death of the geographer, al Idrisi.
1167 : 562 AH
  Establishment of Oxford University in England.
 

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1170 : 565 AH
  Salahuddin takes Egypt from the Fatimids.
  Al Mustadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1171 : 566 AH
  End of the Fatimid era. Egypt reverts to the Abbasid Caliphate.
1173 : 568 AH
  Ghiasuddin Ghori established the kingdom of Ghor in Afghanistan.
1175 : 570 AH
  Salahuddin consolidates his hold on Syria and Egypt.
  Death of Ahmed al Rifai, founder of the Rifaiyah Sufi brotherhood.
1177 : 572 AH
  Muhammed Ghori adds Multan, Uch, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh to his dominions.
1179 : 575 AH
  Muhammed Ghori starts campaigns to capture Peshawar and Sialkot.
1182 : 578 AH
  Khwaja Muhammed Ghouse of Sindh introduces the Qadariya order into India and Pakistan.
1187 : 583 AH
  Battle of Hittin. Salahuddin triumphs and recaptures Jerusalem.
  Muhammed Ghori captures Lahore.
1188 : 584 AH
  Pope Clement III launches the Third Crusade.
1189 : 585 AH
  Khwaja Moeenuddin Chisti moves to Ajmer, India and establishes the Chistiya order.
1190 : 586 AH
  King Richard of England proposes a marriage between his sister and Saifuddin, brother of Salahuddin and for the two together to rule Jerusalem. The proposal is opposed by the Crusaders and is abandoned.
1191 : 587 AH
  Accra surrenders to the Crusaders after a long siege.
  Mohammed Ghori suffers a defeat at the Battle of Tarain and is forced to withdraw towards Kabul.
1192 : 588 AH
  Muhammed Ghori, victorious over the Rajputs, captures Delhi. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi is slain.
1193 : 589 AH
 

Salahuddin passes away and is buried in Damascus.

1196 : 592 AH
  The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos.
1198 : 594 AH
  Death of ibn Rushd, of the great world philosophers.
1199 : 595 AH
  Pope Innocent III declares the Fourth Crusade.
 

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1200 : 596 AH 
  Islam takes roots in Indonesia.
  Alauddin Muhammed becomes the Shah of Khwarazm.
  The Crusaders capture Valencia.
  Cambridge University is established in England.
1201 : 597 AH
  The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.
1202 : 598 AH
  The Delhi Sultanate is established.
1203 : 599 AH
  Death of Nizami, well known Farsi poet.
1204 : 600 AH
  The Crusaders, led by Dondolo of Venice, sack Constantinople and loot its treasures.
  Johan Shah, ruler of Sumatra, accepts Islam.
1205 : 601 AH
  The Turkoman Kara Kitai defeats Mohammed Ghori.
  The Ghorids put down a rebellion in the Punjab.
1206 : 602 AH
  Genghiz Khan becomes the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes.
  The assassins murder Muhammed Ghori.
  The Delhi sultans advance towards Bengal.
1211 : 608 AH
  Altumish ascends the throne of Delhi.
1212 : 609 AH
  The Crusaders defeat the al Muhaddith at the Battle of Las Novas de Tolosa.
1215 : 612 AH
  Genghiz Khan captures northern China; learns the use of gunpowder from the Chinese.
1218 : 615 AH
  The Fifth Crusade is directed against Egypt. The Egyptians open the Nile docks and drown the invaders.
1219 : 616 AH
  Genghiz Khan invades the territories of Shah Muhammed of Khorasan.
1220 : 617 AH
  Genghiz Khan devastates Central Asia.
1221 : 618 AH
  Genghiz Khan destroys Persia and Afghanistan.
  Prince Jalaluddin faces the Khan at the Battle of the Indus.
1222 : 619 AH
  Genghiz Khan returns to Mongolia.
1223 : 620 AH
  Ibn al Athir, celebrated historian, passes away.
 

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1227 : 624 AH
  Death of Genghiz Khan. The Mongols continue their advance through West Asia and Eastern Europe.
1228 : 625 AH
  The Sixth Crusade, directed at Egypt and led by Emperor Frederick II of Germany fails.
1230 : 627 AH
  Sundiata starts consolidation of the Empire of Mali.
1235 : 632 AH
  Baba Fareed of Lahore becomes heads of the Chistiya order in India.
1236 : 633 AH
  Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, falls to the Crusaders.
  Razia rules as Queen of India.
  Death of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, the most celebrated awliya of the subcontinent.
  Al Mustansir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad.
1240 : 637 AH
  Death of ibn al Arabi, renowned Sufi Shaykh.
  Roger Bacon teaches in England.
1242 : 639 AH
  Al Musta’sim becomes the 37th and the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1245 : 643 AH
  At the Council of Lyons, Christian Europe resolves to seek an alliance with the Mongols against the Muslims. A Franciscan priest, John de Plano Carpini, arrives at the Mongol court to seek military assistance.
1248 : 646 AH
  Seville in Spain falls to the Christians.
  Ibn Ahmar starts the Nasirid dynasty in Granada.
1249 : 647 AH
  The Seventh Crusade, directed at Egypt by the Franks, is beaten back.
1250 : 648 AH
  Shajarat al Durr rules as Queen of Egypt.
1251 : 649 AH
  Hulagu Khan becomes the Mongol lord of Persia and Central Asia.
1256 : 654 AH
  Hulagu Khan destroys the Assassins.
1257 : 655 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, celebrated Farsi poet.
  Nizamuddin Awliya becomes head of the Chishtiya order in Delhi. Islam spreads in India.
1258 : 656 AH
  Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad. End of the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The curtain falls on the classic Islamic civilization. Caliph al Musta’sim is killed.
  Death of Ali al Shadhuli, founder of the Shadhuli Sufi order.
1260 : 658 AH
  Kublai Khan ascends the throne of China. Many capable Muslims work at the court of the Great Khan.
  Hulagu Khan storms Aleppo and massacres its inhabitants.
1261 : 659 AH
  The Mamlukes of Egypt install Al Mustansir as the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo.
  The Mamluke, Zahir Baybars of Egypt, defeats a combined army of Mongols, Armenians and Crusaders at the Battle of Ayn Jalut.
 

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1265 : 663 AH
  Death of Hulagu Khan.
1269 : 667 AH
  The Merinide al Yakub captures Marrakesh.
1273 : 671 AH
  Death of Jalaluddin Rumi, author of Mathnavi, the most celebrated of Farsi poets and founder of the Maulavi Sufi order.
1274 : 672 AH
  Death of al Tusi, astronomer and inventor of the 2-axis gimbal.
  Emir al Yaqub of the Merinides defeats the Christians at the Battle of Ecija.
1277 : 676 AH
  Sultan Baybars defeats the Mongol armies at the Battle of Abulistan.
1278 : 677 AH
  Death of Sultan Baybars.
1289 : 688 AH
  The Mamlukes captures Acre, last Crusader stronghold in Syria.
1290 : 689 AH
  Sultan Malik Shah rules in Sumatra.
1291 : 690 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, well known Farsi poet.
1294 : 693 AH
  Marco Polo returns to Italy from journey to the East.
1295 : 694 AH
  Ghazan the Great, the Il Khan Emperor, accepts Islam.
 

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1300 : 699 AH
  Alauddin Khilji consolidates his empire over the subcontinent. Malik Kafur advances into southern India.
1301 : 700 AH
  Uthman Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman Empire, consolidates his holdings around Burs and Eskishehir; he defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yalakova.
  The Mamlukes triumph over the Il Khans at the Battle of Marj as Suffar.
1307 : 706 AH
  Mansa Musa becomes emperor of Mali.
1316 : 716 AH
  Death of Alauddin Khilji, emperor of India.
1320 : 720 AH
  The Khilji dynasty in India collapses.
  Beginning of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1324 : 724 AH
  Mansa Musa performs his hajj with an entourage of 12000.
1325 : 725 AH
  Death of Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi.
  Ibn Batuta begins his journey around the world.
  Death of Amir Khusroe ,famed Sufi poet of India
1326 : 726 AH
  Death of Uthman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. His successor Sultan Orkhan captures Bursa.
  Death of ibn Taymiyah, noted scholar, considered to be the founder of the “salafi” school of thought.
1333 : 733 AH
  Yusuf I becomes emir of Granada, breaks with Castille, forms an alliance with the sultan of Morocco and makes a last attempt to capture Spain from the Christians.
1334 : 734 AH
  Ibn Batuta arrives in Delhi.
  Death of Shaykh Safiuddin Ishaq, after whom the Safavid dynasty of Persia is named.
1335 : 735 AH
  Death of Abu Said, Il Khanid Prince.
1340 : 740 AH
  The Yuan Emperor Toghon Timur of China sends an embassy to the court of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India.
  The Merinide navy defeats the Spaniards at the Battle of Tarifa.
 

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1341 : 742 AH
  Death of Sultan ibn Qalawun of Egypt.
1345 : 746 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits Sultan Malik al Zahir of Pasai Indonesia.
1346 : 747 AH
  The Black Plague devastates Europe.
1351 : 752 AH
  Death of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India. The Tughlaq Empire begins to disintegrate.
1354 : 755 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits the Empire of Mali.
  The Ottomans capture Gallipoli and Ankara.
1355 : 756 AH
  Ibn Batuta returns to Tangier. The Merinide Sultan Abu Inan authorizes the writing of the Rehla of Ibn Batuta.
  The Genoese briefly occupy Tripoli, Libya.
1357 : 758 AH
  The Ottomans capture Erdirne.
1368 : 769 AH
  Timurlane, elected the leader of the Tatars, consolidates his hold on the valley of Farghana in Uzbekistan.
1369 : 770 AH
  Death of ibn Batuta.
1375 : 777 AH
  Dimitrius, Count of Moscow, wins a victory over the Tatar Golden Horde.
1376 : 778 AH
  The Golden Horde burns down Moscow.
1380 : 782 AH
  Timurlane begins his first campaign in Persia.
  Shaykh Awliya Karim al Maqdum introduces Islam into Mindanao, the Philippines.
  Kara Muhammed, leader of the Turkish tribe Kara Kuyunlu, establishes his kingdom near Mosul.
1381 : 783 AH
  The Ottomans capture Bulgaria.
1385 : 787 AH
  The Ottomans capture Thrace.
1387 : 789 AH
  Timurlane invades Russia and destroys the power of the Golden Horde. Russia begins its long march towards political consolidation.
1389 : 791 AH
  Bayazid I becomes the Ottoman sultan, defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosova.
  Death of Hafiz, one of the greatest of Farsi poets.
  Death of Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tareeqa of Bukhara.
1390 : 792 AH
  A combined French and Genoese force attacks Mahdiya, Tunisia.
1391 : 793 AH
  Bayazid I attacks Constantinople.
 

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1396 : 798 AH
  Bayazid defeats the Crusader armies at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1398 : 800 AH
  Timur sacks Isfahan, Persia.
1399 : 801 AH
  Timur invades India, sacks Delhi, India.
  Castille sacks Tetuan, Morocco.
 

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1400 : 802 AH
  Bayazid I lays siege to Constantinople.
1401 : 803 AH
  Timur defeats the Mamlukes of Egypt.
  Damascus surrenders to the Tatars.
  Timur sacks Baghdad.
1402 : 804 AH
  Timur defeats Bayazid I at the Battle of Ankara.
  Sulaiman I becomes the Ottoman sultan.
  Sultan Iskander Shah expels the Thais from Malaya.
1404 : 806 AH
  Timur embarks on an expedition to China.
1405 : 807 AH
  Timurlane dies en route to China; his son Shah Rukh succeeds him. 
1406 : 809 AH
  Sultan Sikander Shah of Malaysia accepts Islam.
  The great Chinese Admiral Zheng Yi (commonly known as Admiral Ho), a Muslim, sails to Malaya, Indonesia, India, Persia, Yemen, East Africa and the Cape of Good Hope with a fleet of 50 great ships.
  Death of ibn Khaldun, author of Muqaddamah.
1409 : 812 AH
  Shah Rukh, heir to Timurlane, occupies Samarqand.
1410 : 813 AH
  Kara Yusuf establishes the Kara Kuyunlu kingdom around Tabriz, Persia.
  Death of Gaysu Daraz, Sufi shaykh of the Deccan, India.
1411 : 814 AH
  Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya visits China at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor.
  Prince Mehmet begins the reconsolidation of the Ottoman Empire after the disastrous defeat in the Battle of Ankara.
1415 : 818 AH
  The Portuguese capture Ceuta in Morocco.
1420 : 823 AH
  Shah Rukh consolidates his hold on Persia.
1421 : 824 AH
  Murad II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1422 : 825 AH
  Murad II lays unsuccessful siege to Constantinople.
1424 : 827 AH
  Death of Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya.
1425 : 828 AH
  Tangier in Morocco, captured by the Portuguese.
1430 : 833 AH
  The Portuguese acquire the technology to sail against the wind from the Venetians.
1432 : 835 AH
  Portuguese captain Diaz sails around Cape Bajador in West Africa.
1434 : 837 AH 
  Death of Shah Rukh. Persia disintegrates. The Kara Kuyunlu and Aq Kuyunlu expand their territories.
 

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1441 : 845 AH
  First slave raid by the Portuguese in southern Morocco directed against Muslims.
1443 : 847 AH
  The Portuguese capture the island of Tristao off the coast of West Africa, later to gain notoriety in the Atlantic slave trade.
1444 : 848 AH
  Ottomans armies march into Hungary.
  Murad II defeats combined armies of Hungary, Wallachia and Venice at the Battle of Varna.
  The Portuguese Lagos Company chartered under Prince Henry.
1445 : 849 AH
  Printing is introduced into Europe. Portuguese sailor Diaz sails around West Africa.
1451 : 855 AH
  Mehmet II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Shaykh Rahmat converts the Majapahit ruler (Indonesia) Raja Kertawijaya to Islam.
  Islam spreads rapidly in Java.
1453 : 857 AH
  Mehmet II conquerors Constantinople, renames it Istanbul and makes it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1455 : 859 AH
  The Venetians sail to the delta of the Gambia River.
1456 : 860 AH
  Mehmet II captures Athens, Greece.
  The Portuguese arrive at the mouth of the Gambia River.
1458 : 862 AH
  The Portuguese occupy the fortress of al Qasr, Morocco.
1460 : 864 AH
  King Alfonso of Portugal authorizes Fernao Gomes to explore the western coast of Africa.
1461 : 865 AH
  Leonardo da Vinci begins his work in Venice.
1463 : 867 AH
  Mehmet II conquers Bosnia. Mosque of Sultan Mehmet II constructed in Istanbul.
1465 : 869 AH
  Death of al Jazuli, Sufi Shaykh in Morocco.
1467 : 871 AH
  Herzegovina conquered by Mehmet II.
  Uzun Hassan, leader of Aq Quyunlu defeats Jehan Shah, leader of the Kara Quyunlu. Jehan Shah dies in battle.
1471 : 876 AH
  Tangiers occupied by Portugal.
  Portugal occupies Arzila on the West coast of Morocco.
1473 : 878 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II defeats the Aq Kuyunlu Sultan Uzun Hassan. Portuguese captain Sequira sails to Benin, Nigeria.
1474 : 879 AH
  Commercial town of Kedah, in Indonesia, becomes Muslim.
1475 : 880 AH
  War between Spain and Portugal over rights to the Canary Islands.
1478 : 883 AH
  Kara Quli, a descendant of Jehan Shah, flees to India and establishes the Qutubshahi dynasty near Hyderabad.
  Death of Uzun Hassan, Aq Quyunlu Sultan.
  Turmoil in western Persia.
1479 : 884 AH
  Consolidation of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella.
1480 : 885 AH
  The Ottomans capture the island of Rhodes.
1481 : 886 AH
  Bayazid II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
 

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1482 : 887 AH
  Ferdinand of Spain attacks al Hama.
1483 : 888 AH
  Civil wars in Granada.
  Ferdinand captures Malaga, Spain.
1484 : 889 AH
  The Portuguese appear at the delta of the Congo River.
1487 : 892 AH
  Portuguese sailor Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
1488 : 893 AH
  Malaga, one of the last Nasirid strongholds, falls to Castille.
1489 : 894 AH
  Adil Shah becomes Sultan of Bijapur, India
1490 : 895 AH
  Ferdinand lays siege to Granada, called Santa Fe (Holy Faith).
1492 : 897 AH
  Columbus discovers America.
  Granada falls to the Christians.
  Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
  The Jews are expelled from Spain.
  Sultan Bayazid II takes Hungary.
  Lodhi Sultanate established in Delhi.
  Death of Abdur Rahman Jami, well known Farsi poet.
1493 : 898 AH
  Abu Abdallah, commonly known as Boabdil, last emir of Granada, leaves Spain.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes Emperor of Songhay.
1494 : 899 AH
  At the Treaty of Tordesillas arranged by Pope Alexander VI, Portugal and Spain agree to divide up the world for conquest.
1495 : 900 AH
  Shaykh Putah introduces Islam into the Celebes islands and western New Guinea.
1496 : 901 AH
  Vasco da Gama, sails around the Cape of Good Hope and with the help of Muslim navigator Ahmed ibn Majid, discovers route to Malabar, India.
1497 : 902 AH
  Zahiruddin Babur loses Samarqand.
  Askiya Muhammed moves the capital of Songhay to Gao on the Niger River.
1499 : 904 AH
  Ottoman navy defeats the Venetians, takes Lepanto, off the coast of Greece.
1500 : 905 AH
  Muslims in Granada resist the Spanish Inquisition.
  Spain institutes forced slavery in Cuba.
1501 : 906 AH
  Shah Ismail I, with the help of the Safaviyya Sufi order, establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
  The Uzbek Shaibani Khan evicts Zahiruddin Babur from Samarqand.
1502 : 907 AH
  Second voyage of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. The Portuguese bombard the city-states of East Africa, destroy the port city of Cochin, India and force the Raja of Cochin to expel Muslim traders.
  The Portuguese capture Shofala, East Africa.
  Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  Inquisition against the Muslims in Spain.
 

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1504 : 910 AH
  Babur takes Kabul, Afghanistan.
  Death of al Maghili, influential thinker from North Africa.
1505 : 911 AH
  Spain occupies Mars al Kabir, Algeria.
  The Portuguese occupy Agadir Morocco and build the fort of Santa Cruz.
  Portuguese captain Almeida raids Kilwa, Tanzania.
1507 : 913 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Safi, Morocco.
  The Portuguese occupy Bab el Mandap at the entrance to the Red Sea.
1508 : 914 AH
  A Mamluke fleet defeats the Portuguese off the coast of Chaul near modern Karachi.
  Spain occupies Oran, Algeria.
1509 : 915 AH
  The Mamlukes defeat the Portuguese navy off the coast of Yemen.
  Shah Ismail I defeats the Uzbek Shaibani Khan at the Battle of Merv.
  Spain occupies Bogie, Tunisia.
  The first batch of slaves bought in Lisbon for transportation to America.
1511 : 917 AH
  The Portuguese take Goa, India, and make it the capital of their operations in the Indian Ocean.
  The Inquisition is instituted against Hindus and Muslim in India.
  Spain destroys Tripoli, Libya.
  The Ottomans crush a Qazilbash uprising in eastern Anatolia at the Battle of Sivas.
1512 : 918 AH
  Selim I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Malacca.
  Tlemcen in North Africa becomes a protectorate of Spain.
  The Uzbeks defeat the Safavids at the Battle of Khuzduvan and take Khorasan.
1514 : 920 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats Shah Ismail I at the Battle of Chaldiran.
1515 : 921 AH
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Hormuz in Persia.
  The Portuguese control the entire Atlantic coastline of Morocco.
  First shipload of sugar from Cuba arrives in Spain.
1516 : 922 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Bahrain and Oman.
  The Ottomans capture Mosul.
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats the Mamlukes at the Battle of Marj Dabik in Syria.
1517 : 923 AH
  Selim I occupies Cairo.
  Egypt becomes a province of the Ottoman Empire.
  The Caliphate moves to Istanbul.
  Selim I becomes the first Ottoman Caliph of Islam.
  Muhammed al Mahdi becomes Sa’adid Sultan of Morocco.
  Martin Luther begins Protestant reformation in Germany.
  The Portuguese capture Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  The King of Spain grants license to import African slaves into America.
  Ibrahim Lodhi becomes Sultan of Delhi.
1519 : 925 AH
  Death of Leonardo da Vinci.
  Mexican silver flows into Europe.
 

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1520 : 926 AH
  Sulaiman the Magnificent becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1521 : 927 AH
  Sulaiman captures Belgrade.
  Cortez destroys the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
1522 : 928 AH
  Sulaiman captures Rhodes. Spain captures Central America.
1525 : 931 AH
  Death of Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  Tahmasp I becomes Safavid ruler of Persia.
  Babur takes Lahore, Pakistan.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent orders a reorganization of the Ottoman fleet to challenge the Spaniards and the Portuguese.
1526 : 932 AH
  Babur captures Delhi; the Moghul dynasty is born. Sulaiman the Magnificent defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Mohacs.
1527 : 933 AH
  Babur defeats Rajput armies at the Battle of Khanua.
1528 : 934 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman captures the city of Buda in Hungary.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes blind and is deposed as the Emperor of Songhay.
1529 : 935 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman lays siege to Vienna, Austria.
1530 : 936 AH
  Death of Zahiruddin Babur. His son Humayun ascends the Moghul throne in Delhi.
  The Englishman William Hawkins raids the Ivory Coast.
1534 : 940 AH
  Khairuddin, admiral of the Ottoman fleets, recaptures Tunis.
  Henry VIII takes the Church of England out of the orbit of Rome.
1535 : 941 AH
  Sulaiman Pasha, Ottoman governor of Egypt, drives the Portuguese from Yemen.
  The English Parliament passes laws against loitering in London.
  John Calvin preaches the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
  Stock Exchange is established in London.
1536 : 943 AH
  Khairuddin raids Valencia, Spain.
1537 : 944 AH
  Khairuddin captures Otranto, Italy and threatens Rome.
1538 : 945 AH
  Khairuddin victorious over combined navies of Venice and the Vatican at the Battle of Prevesa.
1540 : 947 AH
  Spain colonizes the Philippines.
  Destruction of religious relics in England. Beginning of the end of feudalism in England.
  Sher Shah Suri defeats Moghul Emperor Humayun and displaces him from the throne of Delhi until 1555.
1541 : 948 AH
  Charles V of Spain strikes at the Algerian coast.
  Ottoman Admiral Khairuddin takes Otranto, Italy.
  Muhammed al Saadi drives the Portuguese from the fort of Santa Cruz in Morocco.
 

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1542 : 949 AH
  Increasing tribal warfare in West Africa.
1546 : 953 AH
  Death of Khairuddin. Piri Rais becomes admiral of Ottoman navies.
1550 : 957 AH
  Kingdom of Acheh in Indonesia is founded. Islam spreads in the Archipelago.
1551 : 958 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tripoli.
  Piri Rais challenges the Portuguese blockage of the Straits of Hormuz.
1553 : 960 AH
  Thomas Wyndham of England raids the coast of West Africa.
1554 : 961 AH
  John Lock of England raids the Ivory Coast.
1557 : 964 AH
  The Ottomans occupy Masawa, Eritrea.
1558 : 965 AH
  Akbar becomes Moghul Emperor of India.
1560 : 967 AH
  Akbar adds Malwa, Chitoor, Rathambur, Gujrat and Bengal to the Moghul Empire (1560-1574).
  Abul Fazal and Faizi, well known writers, grace the Moghul court.
  Akbar surrounds himself with the “seven gems”; men of outstanding capabilities, including the musician Tan Sen and the Finance Minister Raja Todar Mal.
1561 : 968 AH
  Piri Rais prepares an accurate map of the Atlantic seaboard.
  The Ottomans destroy a Spanish fleet at the Battle of Djerba.
1562 : 969 AH
  Akbar marries Jodha Bai, princess of Amber, Rajasthan.
1563 : 970 AH
  First English fortifications off the coasts of New Guinea.
1564 : 971 AH
  Spain occupies the Philippines.
1565 : 972 AH
  Battle of Telekote, India. The combined forces of Bijapur, Golkunda, Bidar and Gulbarga defeat the armies of Vijayanagar in southern India.
  Piri Rais undertakes unsuccessful siege of Malta.
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, captures Gujrat.
  John Hawkins of England conducts slave raids on Sierra Leone.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent passes away
 

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1566 : 973 AH
  Muslims in Spain rebel against forced conversion to Catholicism.
1571 : 979 AH
  Battle of Lepanto. Combined navies of Spain, Venice, Austria and the Vatican defeat the Ottoman navy and occupy Tunis. Ottoman naval advance into the western Mediterranean is halted.
1572 : 980 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tunis.
  The Dutch gain their independence from Spain.
1573 : 981 AH
  The Moghul Emperor Akbar authorizes the construction of four large temples in Mathura.
1576 : 984 AH
  The Ottomans advance through Algeria and take the city of Fez in Morocco.
1578 : 986 AH
  Battle of Al Qasr al Kabir. The Sa’adid Sultan Ahmed al Mansur crushes the Portuguese army. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. Morocco remains independent. Ottoman westward advance is halted.
1579 : 987 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, completes the construction of a new city, Fatehpur Sikri. He starts ecumenical discussions with all religious faiths in the Ibadat Khana.
1580 : 988 AH
  Ottoman Admiral Ali Beg raids Portuguese positions in East Africa.
  Skirmishes between the Empire of Songhay and the Sa’adids of Morocco over the salt mines of Taodini.
  Portugal becomes a protectorate of Spain.
1581 : 989 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, moves to Lahore, and adds Kashmir, Sindh, Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan to his empire.
  Akbar completes the construction of a Jami Masjid in Peshawar.
  Queen Elizabeth I sends Harborne as ambassador to Istanbul to seek trade relations with the Ottomans.
1585 : 993 AH
  War between the Safavids and the Ottomans for control of Iraq and Azerbaijan.
1587 : 995 AH
  Pope Sixtus V authorizes a Catholic crusade against England.
  The English defeat the Scots. Consolidation of Britain under the English throne.
1588 : 996 AH
  Shah Abbas becomes Safavid emperor of Persia.
  The Spanish armada is destroyed off the coast of England.
  Death of Sinan, architect of Sulaimaniye and Shehzade mosques in Turkey.
 

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1590 : 998 AH
  William Shakespeare writes in England.
1591 : 999 AH
  The Bohras emerge as a sub-branch of the Fatimids.
1592 : 1000 AH
  The Sa’adids of Morocco invade the Songhay Empire. A strong force under Judar Pasha destroys Timbaktu.
1596 : 1004 AH
  Akbar captures Ahmednagar in the Deccan, India.
1598 : 1006 AH
  A second Spanish attempt to conquer England ends in failure.
1600 : 1008 AH
  Dutch ascendancy in the Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade gathers momentum.
  The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I.
1602 : 1010 AH
  Shah Abbas drives the Portuguese from Bahrain.
  The Dutch East India Company is formed.
1603 : 1012 AH
  Death of Queen Elizabeth I. 
1605 : 1014 AH
  Death of Moghul Emperor Akbar.
1609 : 1018 AH
  Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
1615 : 1024 AH
  The Dutch capture the Straits of Malacca from the Portuguese.
  Thomas Roe arrives in India as British ambassador to the Moghul court.
  Galileo is tried by the Church for his view that the earth is not the center of the universe.
1619 : 1028 AH
  The Dutch East India Company obtains trading rights on the island of Java.
  Thomas Roe obtains a farman from the Great Moghul Jehangir granting Britain trading rights in India.
 

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1620 : 1029 AH
  Sufi doctrines spread to East Asia.
  The Pilgrims land at Port Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1622 : 1031 AH
  Shah Abbas I, with the help of the British navy, expels the Portuguese from the Straits of Hormuz. The British obtain trading rights in Persia.
1623 : 1032 AH
  Murad IV becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1624 : 1033 AH
  Death of Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, referred to as Mujaddid alf e Thani (Reformer of the Second Millennium). He expounded the doctrine of Wahdat as Shahada.
1626 : 1035 AH
  The Dutch establish themselves in New Amsterdam (New York).
1627 : 1036 AH
  Shah Jehan, Moghul Emperor of India.
1630 : 1039 AH
  Death of German Astronomer Johann Kepler.
1635 : 1045 AH
  Death of Mian Pir of Lahore, teacher of Dara Shikoh, son of Shah Jehan.
  Emperor Shah Jehan expels the Portuguese from Bengal.
1638 : 1048 AH
  Shah Jehan builds a new capital at Delhi. Construction of the Jami Masjid in Delhi.
1639 : 1049 AH
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Madras.
1640 : 1050 AH
  Armed rivalry between Britain, France and the Dutch for control of the slave trade.
  Portugal gains its independence from Spain.
  The Dutch capture Sri Lanka.
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Calcutta.
 

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1641 : 1051 AH
  Sultana Tajul Alam Safiyyiatuddin rules as Queen of Acheh. She is the first of four queens to rule over the northern part of Sumatra.
  The Dutch capture Cochin on the West coast of India.
1642 : 1052 AH
  The Dutch establish a colony at Masulipatam on the East coast of India.
1643 : 1053 AH
  War between Venice and the Ottomans for control of Crete.
1648 : 1058 AH
  Shah Jehan completes the Taj Mahal, the most celebrated monument to love, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  The Portuguese recapture Brazil from the Dutch.
1655 : 1065 AH
  The Kurpulu brothers Mehmet Pasha and Fazil Ahmed revitalize the Ottoman administration (1655-1676).
1658 : 1068 AH
  Aurangzeb becomes the Moghul Emperor.
1659 : 1069 AH
  End of the Sa’adid dynasty in Morocco.
1660 : 1070 AH
  Isaac Newton revolutionizes physics.
1664 : 1074 AH
  The British seize New Amsterdam, rename it New York.
  The Battle of St. Gotthard between the Ottomans and the European “Holy League” ends in a stalemate.
1666 : 1076 AH
  The Qur’an is translated into the Malay language.
1668 : 1079 AH
  King Charles II of England sells Bombay to the East India Company.
1676 : 1087 AH
  Kara Mustafa Pasha becomes grand vizier in Istanbul.
1677 : 1088 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over access to the Black Sea.
1683 : 1094 AH
  The second siege of Vienna ends in failure. The Ottomans lose Hungary.
1686 : 1097 AH
  The Hapsburgs advance through Hungary towards Belgrade.
  The British make an attempt to capture the port of Chittagong in India and are beaten back by Moghul forces. 
1687 : 1098 AH
  The Ottomans are defeated at the second Battle of Mohacs.  
1694 : 1105 AH
  The Bank of England advances a perpetual loan of 1.2 million pounds to the British Crown in return for the privilege of putting its own notes into circulation.
1696 : 1107 AH
  Peter of Russia captures the strategic fortress of Azov from the Ottomans.
  The Sultan of Oman recaptures Fort Jesus of Mombasa from the Portuguese.
1707 : 1119 AH
  Death of Aurangzeb. The Moghul Empire begins to disintegrate.
 

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1708 : 1120 AH
  The assassination of Guru Gobind Singh sets off Sikh revolts against Moghul rule in India.
1713 : 1125 AH
  The British displace the Dutch as the most powerful force in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
1722 : 1134 AH
  Tahmasp II, last Safavid ruler of Persia ascends the Persian throne.
  Nizam ul Mulk is appointed the Subedar of Hyderabad.
1736 : 1149 AH
  Nadir Shah becomes Emperor of Persia, displaces the Safavid Tahmasp II.
1739 : 1152 AH
  Nadir Shah of Persia invades India, sacks Delhi, and carries off the Peacock Throne.
1740 : 1153 AH
  Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab starts his movement in Najd, Arabia.
1741 : 1154 AH
  Ahmed ibn Said becomes Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar and attempts to build a strong navy. 
1746 : 1159 AH
  Muhammed ibn Saud establishes the Saudi dynasty near Riyadh.
1754 : 1167 AH
  The French General Dupleix leaves India. France loses the contest for control of Indian trade to the British.
1756 : 1169 AH
  Anglo-French wars in India and America (1756-63). The British are victorious over the French.
1757 : 1170 AH
  The Battle of Plassey. The British gain control of Bengal, India.
1758 : 1171 AH
  The Industrial Revolution in England gains momentum, fueled by the loot from Bengal.
  The Marathas occupy Lahore; oust Timur, son of Nadir Shah of Kabul.
1761 : 1174 AH
  Third Battle of Panipat near Delhi. The Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeat Maratha armies.
1762 : 1175 AH
  Death of Shah Waliullah of Delhi, leading reformer.
1763 : 1176 AH
  The Treaty of Paris. The French give up their interests in India and America.
 

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1764 : 1177 AH
  The British starve the Begums of Oudh, India, to surrender their jewels.
  Battle of Buxor. The British defeat the combined armies of Oudh, Bengal and Delhi.
1765 : 1178 AH
  The British wage a brutal campaign against the Afghans of Rohilla in India.
1767 : 1181 AH
  The First Mysore War (1767-68). Tippu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali force the British to sue for peace.
1772 : 1186 AH
  The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1776 : 1190 AH
  The Colonies declare independence in America. The American War of Independence (1776-83) follows.
1780 : 1194 AH
  The Second Mysore War. Tippu Sultan defeats the British at the Battle of Pollipur.
1781 : 1195 AH
  George Washington defeats General Cornwallis at the Battle of Saratoga. Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, retires to England, is hired by the East India Company, and is sent to battle Tippu Sultan of Mysore.
1787 : 1201 AH)
  Death of Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab of Arabia.
1789 : 1203 AH
  The Third Mysore War (1789-91). Cornwallis forces Tippu Sultan to cede half of his Territory; takes Tippu’s children as hostage.
  Beginning of the French Revolution.
1793 : 1207 AH
  The British Permanent Settlement Act imposes feudal landlords upon Bengal.
1798 : 1213 AH
  Napoleon lands in Egypt and is victorious at the Battle of the Pyramids.
  The British capture Colombo from the Dutch.
1799 : 1214 AH
  Napoleon corresponds with Tippu Sultan of Mysore and the Sultan of Oman about an invasion of India.
  Tippu Sultan falls at the Battle of Srirangapatam.
  Napoleon is defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar and is forced to withdraw from Egypt.
1801 : 1216 AH
  The Wahhabis raid Karbala. Wahhabi movement spreads to Iraq. The Wahhabis raid the Hejaz.
1803 : 1218 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Ottoman governor of Egypt; starts a long series of reforms.
  The Marathas in Poona, India, sue for peace with the British.
  Denmark abolishes the slave trade.
  Emir Abdul Aziz of Najd captures Mecca.
1805 : 1220 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Pasha of Egypt.
1806 : 1221 AH
  British armies enter Delhi.
 

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1807 : 1222 AH
  Uthman dan Fuduye establishes the Sokoto Caliphate.
  Muhammed Ali Pasha beats back a British attempt to seize Alexandria, Egypt.
1808 : 1223 AH
  The United States abolishes the slave trade.
1812 : 1227 AH
  Muhammed Ali of Egypt recaptures Mecca and Hejaz from the Wahhabis (1812-15).
1817 : 1232 AH
  Death of Uthman dan Fuduye, mujahid in West Africa.
  Muhammed Bello becomes Caliph of the Sokoto Empire.
1818 : 1233 AH
  Holland abolishes the slave trade.
1821 : 1236 AH
  Greek war against the Ottomans.
1827 : 1242 AH
  Naval Battle of Navarino pits European axis against the Ottomans.
  Shaykh Ahmed Lobo establishes the kingdom of Lobo in West Africa.
1828 : 1243 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over control of the Black Sea. Russia advances into Anatolia.
1830 : 1246 AH
  Greece breaks off from the Ottoman Empire.
  France occupies Algiers.
1834 : 1250 AH
  Beginning of Muslim resistance to the Russians in Daghestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.
1835 : 1251 AH
  The Ottomans defeat the French at Malta.
  The British replace Persian with English in the higher courts in India.
1837 : 1253 AH
  Sanusiya Sufi brotherhood is founded in North Africa.
1838 : 1254 AH
  British invasion of Afghanistan ends in failure.
1839 : 1255 AH
  Abdul Mecit I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Beginning of Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire.
1840 : 1256 AH
  France starts colonization of Algeria.
1846 : 1262 AH
  The Bank Act of 1846 in England confers legal recognition on the negotiability of credit documents.
1848 : 1264 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah ascends the throne of Persia.
1850 : 1266 AH
  The Bahai schism starts in Persia.
1851 : 1267 AH
  The British build a railroad linking Alexandria with Suez (1851-54).
1853 : 1269 AH
  The Tijaniya Sufi brotherhood is established in West Africa.
  Beginning of the Crimean War. Britain and France support the Ottomans against Russia.
 

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1854 : 1270 AH
  Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt grants a concession to French Engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps to build the Suez Canal. Egypt borrows funds from international bankers to complete the canal.
  The Ottomans take their first loan from international bankers.
1856 : 1272 AH
  End of the Crimean war between Russia and the Ottomans.
1857 : 1273 AH
  The Sepoy Uprising in India. After initial successes, the Uprising is crushed by the British. End of Moghul rule. The British exile the last Moghul Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon, Burma.
1858 : 1274 AH
  The Russians capture Imam Shamil, Naqshbandi Imam in Daghestan. End of Muslim resistance in Chechnya and Daghestan.
1859 : 1275 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Sanusi, Reformer, Sufi Shaykh of Libya.
1860 : 1276 AH
  Alhajj Omar resists French colonization in Sene-Gambia.
1861 : 1277 AH
  American Civil War (1861-65). The price of Egyptian cotton soars in world markets.
1863 : 1280 AH
  Abraham Lincoln proclaims the abolition of slavery.
1869 : 1286 AH
  The Suez Canal opens with much fanfare.
  The price of Egyptian cotton drops precipitously. Egyptian public debt mounts.
  Tunisia falters on debt payments to European bankers. The International Debt Commission for Tunisia assumes control over Tunisian finances.
1871 : 1288 AH
  A unified Germany emerges as the most powerful continental power in Europe.
1873 : 1290 AH
  The Dutch capture the Kingdom of Acheh in Sumatra. Beginning of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.
1874 : 1291 AH
  Syed Ahmed Khan founds the Aligarh College in India.
1875 : 1292 AH
  Egypt sells off its share in the Suez Canal Company to the British to partially offset its debts.
1876 : 1293 AH
  Abdul Hamid II becomes the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph. He starts consolidation of ties with Muslim peoples worldwide.
  Egypt falters on debt payments. Britain and France appoint a Commission on Egyptian Public Debt with the power to confiscate revenues.
 

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1877 : 1294 AH
  Russia invades the Ottoman Empire (1877-78). Russian troops advance to within ten miles of Istanbul and dictate capitulation terms to the Turks at the Treaty of San Stefano.
1878 : 1295 AH
  Egypt is forced by Britain and France to accept international control over her finances.
  Treaty of Berlin results in effective dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
  Britain occupies Cyprus.
1879 : 1296 AH
  Britain and France force Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt to abdicate in favor of his son Tawfiq Pasha. Sultan Abdul Hamid acquiesces in the abdication.
1880 : 1297 AH
  The French, in violation of the Treaty of Berlin, occupy Tunisia and declare it a “protectorate”.
1881 : 1298 AH
  Egyptian nationalists under Ahmed Torabi Pasha stage protests against foreign control.
1882 : 1299 AH
  The British bombard Alexandria into submission, defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Tel el Kabir and occupy Cairo.
  The Mahdi seizes Khartoum and establishes a Caliphate in the Sudan.
1885 : 1302 AH
  The British storm Khartoum. Death of al Mahdi of the Sudan.
  An Englishman, Allan Hume, founds the Indian National Congress.
1888 : 1305 AH
  Ghulam Mirza Ahmed starts the Ahmadiya schism in Punjab, India. The movement draws strong opposition from the ulema.
1891 : 1308 AH
  The Tobacco Concession touches off an uproar in Persia. Peaceful boycott of tobacco, under a fatwa from Hajji Mirza Hassan Shirazi, forces the Shah to rescind the Concession.
1896 : 1314 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah of Persia is assassinated.
1901 : 1319 AH
  Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Riyadh.
1906 : 1324 AH
  All India Muslim League is founded.
1907 : 1325 AH
  Death of Muzaffaruddin Shah of Persia. His son Muhammed Ali Mirza becomes the Shah. The first Majlis is elected in Persia.
  The Young Turks Movement in Turkey gathers momentum.
1908 : 1326 AH
  Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  Constitutional revolution in Persia. Muhammed Ali Shah of Persia is deposed. His young son Ahmed Mirza becomes the Shah.
1909 : 1327 AH
  Sultan Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks.
  Mehmet V becomes the Sultan.
1911 : 1329 AH
  The Sanusi brotherhood resists the Italian invasion of Libya.
1912 : 1330 AH
  Muhammadiya movement is organized in Indonesia.
  Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1913 : 1331 AH
  The Balkan war begins. Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria invade Ottoman territories. Albania becomes independent. The Ottomans are forced to withdraw from most of the Balkans.
1914 : 1332 AH
  A Serb in Sarajevo murders Prince Francis Ferdinand of Austria. Austria declares war on Serbia.
  Russia declares war on Austria.
  Germany declares war on Russia.
  France and England declare war on Germany.
  The Triple Entente powers (Britain, France and Russia) declare war on the Ottomans.
  Beginning of World War I.
 

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1915 : 1333 AH
  The Ottomans contain British advances in Iraq and beat back attempts to capture Baghdad and Istanbul.
1916 : 1334 AH
  The British promise to set up a unified Arab state.
  Sharif Hussain declares himself king of Hejaz, attacks Ottoman garrisons in Arabia.
  Lawrence of Arabia, a British intelligence officer, works with the Arabs.
  The Sykes-Picot agreement divides up the Ottoman territories between England, France, Russia, Greece and Italy.
1917 : 1335 AH
  Anglo Indian troops under Allenby capture Baghdad and Jerusalem.
  The Balfour Declaration promises to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  The French take Beirut.
  Germany releases the Bolshevik leader Lenin to pressure Russia to drop out of the War.
  The United States enters the War.
  The Russian army begins to collapse on the western front. The October Revolution brings the Bolsheviks to power. Russia pulls out of the War.
1918 : 1336 AH
  Mehmet VI becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Damascus falls to British Forces.
  Germany and the Ottoman Empire capitulate. End of World War I.
  The Wafd movement starts in Egypt.
1919 : 1337 AH
  The victorious allies partition the Ottoman Empire.
  Greece invades Anatolia.
1920 : 1338 AH
  French mandate over Syria.
  British mandate over Iraq and Palestine.
  The Greeks capture Alashehir, Bahkesir, Bandarma and Bursa.
  The Turks stop the Greeks at the Battle of Ankara.
1921 : 1339 AH
  The British appoint Abdullah, son of Sharif Hussain, as emir of Trans Jordan.
  Faisal, another son of Hussain, is appointed emir of Iraq.
  The Turks are victorious over the Greeks at the Battle of the Sakarya River. Greece retreats from Anatolia.
1922 : 1340 AH
  Abdul Mecit II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Mustafa Kemal becomes President of the Republic of Turkey.
1924 : 1342 AH
  The Turkish National Assembly abolishes the Caliphate
 

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1927 : 1345 AH
  Tablighi Jamaat reform movement founded in India
1928 : 1346 AH
  Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brothers) founded in Egypt
1941 : 1360 AH
  Jamaat-i Islami reform movement founded in Lahore, India
1945 : 1364 AH
  Indonesia becomes independent republic
  Islam spreads to the West with mass migrations from Asia, Africa and India
1947 : 1366 AH
  Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
1957 : 1376 AH
  Independent Malayan state established with Islam as the official religion but guaranteed tolerance
1960 : 1379 AH
  Familes from SE Asia and North Africa emigrate to Europe and the Americas
1979 : 1399 AH
  Shah of Iran is overthrown by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni, who establishes strict fundamentalist rule of Shi'a principles
1990 : 1410 AH 
  Taliban come to power in Afghanistan
2001 : 1422 AH 
  Muslim extremists attack the United States 
2003 : 1424 AH     
  Saddam Hussien ousted by Western forces     
 

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Dunedin : Otago
New Zealand

            

MELANESIA GROUP OF ISLANDS

1. Fiji : Suva

2. New Caledonia (France)

3. Vanuatu : Port Vila

4. Solomon Islands : Honiara & Santa Cruz 

5. Papua New Guinea : Port Moresby 

6. Irian Jaya : Jayapura (Indonesia) 

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Fiji

REPUBLIC, PACIFIC OCEAN

Fiji

flag of FijiNational anthem of Fiji

OFFICIAL NAME
Republic of Fiji1

FORM OF GOVERNMENT
republic with one legislative house (Parliament [50])2

HEAD OF STATE
President: Jioji Konrote

HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister: Voreqe Bainimarama

CAPITAL
Suva

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
See footnote 3.

OFFICIAL RELIGION
none

MONETARY UNIT
Fijian dollar (F$)

POPULATION
(2018 est.) 888,700

POPULATION RANK
(2017) 163

POPULATION PROJECTION 2030
921,100

TOTAL AREA (SQ MI)
7,055

TOTAL AREA (SQ KM)
18,272

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ MI
(2018) 125.6

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ KM
(2018) 48.5

URBAN-RURAL POPULATION
Urban: (2017) 55.9%
Rural: (2017) 44.1%

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
Male: (2017) 70.3 years
Female: (2017) 75.8 years

LITERACY: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION AGE 15 AND OVER LITERATE
Male: (2003) 95.5%
Female: (2003) 91.9%

GNI (U.S.$ ’000,000)
(2017) 4,501

GNI PER CAPITA (U.S.$)
(2017) 4,970

  • 1Fijian long/short-form names: Matanitu ko Viti/Viti; Hindustani long-form name: Fiji Ripablik.
  • 2A new constitution went into effect on September 6, 2013. The first legislative elections took place on September 17, 2014.
  • 3The 2013 constitution specifies English, iTaukei (Fijian), and Hindi as the three languages used for official purposes.

 

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Mosques in Fiji

The Muslims of Fiji comprise approximately 7% of the population (62,534). The Muslim community is made up of people of Indianorigin, descendants of indentured labourers who were brought to the islands in the late 19th century by the British colonialist rulers of the time. There are also thought to be a few hundred Indigenous Fijian Muslims, such as the well-known politician Apisai Tora, but no accurate statistical data exist in this regard.

Muslims are mostly Sunni followers Imam Abu Hanifa (59.7 percent) or unspecified (36.7 percent), with an Ahmadiyya minority (3.6 percent). The Ahmadis run the Fazl-e-Umar Mosque in Samabula, which is the largest in the South Pacific. In the 1966 elections a Suva-based Muslim communal party, the Muslim Political Front, took part.

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New Caledonia

FRENCH UNIQUE COLLECTIVITY, PACIFIC OCEAN

Flag of New Caledonia

None

OFFICIAL NAME
Territoire des Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances (Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies)1

POLITICAL STATUS2
unique collectivity (France) with one legislative house (Congress3 [54])

HEAD OF STATE
President of France: Emmanuel Macron

HEADS OF GOVERNMENT
High Commissioner (for France): Thierry Lataste; President of the Government (for New Caledonia): Philippe Germain

CAPITAL
Nouméa

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
none4

OFFICIAL RELIGION
none

MONETARY UNIT
CFP franc (CFPF)

POPULATION
(2018 est.) 284,900

POPULATION RANK
(2017) 184

POPULATION PROJECTION 2030
328,000

TOTAL AREA (SQ MI)
7,172

TOTAL AREA (SQ KM)
18,576

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ MI
(2018) 39.7

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ KM
(2018) 15.3

URBAN-RURAL POPULATION
Urban: (2018) 70.7%
Rural: (2018) 29.3%

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
Male: (2017) 73.9 years
Female: (2017) 82 years

LITERACY: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION AGE 15 AND OVER LITERATE
Male: (2014) 98.1%
Female: (2014) 97.5%

GNI (U.S.$ ’000,000)
(2016) 9,446

GNI PER CAPITA (U.S.$)
(2016) 34,177

  • 1Locally known as Kanaky.
  • 2The Nouméa Accord granting New Caledonia limited autonomy was signed in May 1998; a future referendum concerning possible independence is to be held by the end of 2018.
  • 3Operates in association with three provincial assemblies.
  • 4Kanak languages and French have special recognition per the Nouméa Accord.

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Vanuatu

Vanuatu

flag of VanuatuNational anthem of Vanuatu

OFFICIAL NAME
Ripablik blong Vanuatu (Bislama); République de Vanuatu (French); Republic of Vanuatu (English)

FORM OF GOVERNMENT
republic with one legislative house (Parliament [52])

HEAD OF STATE
President: Tallis Obed Moses

HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister: Charlot Salwai

CAPITAL
Port-Vila

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
Bislama; French; English

OFFICIAL RELIGION
none

MONETARY UNIT
vatu (Vt)

POPULATION
(2018 est.) 273,000

POPULATION RANK
(2017) 186

POPULATION PROJECTION 2030
350,000

TOTAL AREA (SQ MI)
4,707

TOTAL AREA (SQ KM)
12,190

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ MI
(2018) 60

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ KM
(2018) 22.4

URBAN-RURAL POPULATION
Urban: (2016) 24.9%
Rural: (2016) 75.1%

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
Male: (2017) 72.1 years
Female: (2017) 75.4 years

LITERACY: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION AGE 15 AND OVER LITERATE
Male: (2014) 86.2%
Female: (2014) 83.2%

GNI (US$ ‘000,000 )
(2017) 800

GNI PER CAPITA (U.S.$)
(2017) 2,920

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Solomon Islands

ISLANDS AND NATION, PACIFIC OCEAN

Solomon Islands

flag of the Solomon Islands

OFFICIAL NAME
Solomon Islands

FORM OF GOVERNMENT
constitutional monarchy with one legislative house (National Parliament [50])

HEAD OF STATE
British Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General: Sir Frank Kabui

HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister: Manasseh Sogavare

CAPITAL
Honiara

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
English

OFFICIAL RELIGION
none

MONETARY UNIT
Solomon Islands dollar (SI$)

POPULATION
(2018 est.) 671,500

POPULATION RANK
(2018) 169

POPULATION PROJECTION 2030
825,000

TOTAL AREA (SQ MI)
11,740

TOTAL AREA (SQ KM)
30,407

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ MI
(2018) 57.2

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ KM
(2018) 22.1

URBAN-RURAL POPULATION
Urban: (2018) 23.7%
Rural: (2018) 76.3%

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
Male: (2017) 72.9 years
Female: (2017) 78.3 years

LITERACY: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION AGE 15 AND OVER LITERATE
Male: (2009) 88.9%
Female: (2009) 79.2%

GNI (U.S.$ ’000,000)
(2017) 1,172

GNI PER CAPITA (U.S.$)
(2017) 1,920
 

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Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea

flag of Papua New GuineaNational anthem of Papua New Guinea

OFFICIAL NAMES1
Independent State of Papua New Guinea

FORM OF GOVERNMENT
constitutional monarchy with one legislative house (National Parliament [111])

HEAD OF STATE
British Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General: Bob Dadae

HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister: Peter O’Neill

CAPITAL
Port Moresby

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
English; Hiri Motu; Tok Pisin

OFFICIAL RELIGION
none

MONETARY UNIT
kina (K)

POPULATION
(2018 est.) 8,288,000

POPULATION RANK
(2017) 100

POPULATION PROJECTION 2030
10,419,000

TOTAL AREA (SQ MI)
178,704

TOTAL AREA (SQ KM)
462,840

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ MI
(2018) 46.4

DENSITY: PERSONS PER SQ KM
(2018) 17.9

URBAN-RURAL POPULATION
Urban: (2018) 13.2%
Rural: (2018) 86.8%

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
Male: (2017) 65.1 years
Female: (2017) 69.7 years

LITERACY: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION AGE 15 AND OVER LITERATE
Male: (2015) 65.6%
Female: (2015) 62.8%

GNI (U.S.$ ’000,000)
(2017) 19,848

GNI PER CAPITA (U.S.$)
(2017) 2,410

  • 1Gau Hedinarai ai Papua–Matamata Guinea (Hiri Motu); Papua–Niugini (Tok Pisin).

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Western New Guinea

 

Papua

 

Irian Barat / Irian Jaya / West Papua

Region

LocationWestPapua.svg
Country  Indonesia
Provinces  Papua
 West Papua
Area
 • Total 420,540 km2(162,370 sq mi)
Population 

(2014)

 • Total 4,363,869
 • Density 10/km2 (27/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Indonesia Eastern Time)
ISO 3166-2 ID-PP
License plates PA, PB

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Geography                   

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History                         

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Muslim                        

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Christchurch : Canterbury
New Zealand

           

MELANESIA GROUP OF ISLANDS

1. Fiji : Suva....577

2. New Caledonia (France)............578

3. Vanuatu : Port Vila......579

4. Solomon Islands : Honiara & Santa Cruz .........580

5. Papua New Guinea : Port Moresby ....581.

6. Irian Jaya : Jayapura (Indonesia) .......582

Geography                         

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History                              

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Muslim                             

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World Islamic History : 597 H
11/10/1200 - 29/9/1201 CE

                    

The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.

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Sultans of Delhi Sultanate

Sultans (Kings/Rulers) King in Death Note
Qutb-ud-din Aibak 1206 1210 First Sultan
Aram Shah 1210 1211  
Iltutmish 1211 1236  
Rukn-ud-din Firuz 1236 1236  
Sultana Raziya 1236 1240 Woman ruler
Muiz ud din Bahram 1240 1243  
Ala ud din Masud 1243 1249  
Nasir ud din Mahmud 1249 1266  
Ghiyas ud din Balban 1266 1287  
Muiz ud din Qaiqabad 1287 1290  
Jalaluddin Khalji 1290 1296  
Alauddin Khalji 1296 1316  
Shihabuddin Omar 1316 1316  
Qutb-ud-din Mubarak 1316 1320  
Khusrau Khan 1320 1321  

 

 

Delhi Sultanate

 

پادشاهی دهلی

1206–1526

Flag of Delhi Sultanate

Flag

Delhi Sultanate reached its zenith under the Turko-Indian Tughlaq dynasty.[1]

Delhi Sultanate reached its zenith under the Turko-Indian Tughlaq dynasty.[1]

Capital
Common languages Persian (official),[2]Hindavi (1451–1526)[3]
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Sultanate
Sultan  
 

• 1206–1210

Qutb al-Din Aibak(first)

• 1517–1526

Ibrahim Lodi (last)
Legislature Corps of Forty
Historical era Middle Ages
 

• Independence[4]

12 June 1206

• Battle of Amroha

20 December 1305

• Battle of Panipat

21 April 1526
Currency Taka
Preceded by Succeeded by
Ghurid dynasty
Gahadavala
Chandela dynasty
Paramara dynasty
Deva dynasty
Seuna (Yadava) dynasty
Kakatiya dynasty
Musunuri Nayaks
Vaghela dynasty
Yajvapala dynasty
Mughal Empire
Bengal Sultanate
Bahamani Sultanate
Gujarat Sultanate
Malwa Sultanate
Vijaynagar Empire
Today part of

Other Events                                   

xxx

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Islamic Lineage                               

xxx

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Islamic Timeline                             

1 - 100 (623 - 719)
101 - 200 (720 - 816)
201- 300 (817 - 913)
301 - 400 (914 - 1010)
401 - 500 (1011 - 1107)
501 - 600 (1108 - 1204)
601 - 700 (1205 - 1301)
701 - 800 (1302 - 1398)
801 - 900 (1399 - 1495)
901 - 1000 (1496 - 1592)
1001 - 1100 (1593 - 1689)
1101 - 1200 (1690 - 1786)
1201 - 1300 (1787 - 1883)
1301 - 1400 (1884 - 1980)
1401 - 1500 (1981 - 2078)

570 : 52 BH
  Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca
610 : 12 BH
  Revelation of the first versus of the Quran
  Ali ibn Abu Talib and Abu Bakar as Siddiq accept Islam
615 : 7 BH
  Conversion of Omar Ibn Al Khattab
620 : 2 BH
  A group of Muslims migrates to Abyssinia to escape the persecution in Mecca
622 : 1 AH
  Prophet Muhammad migrates to Madina
  Start of the Islamic calendar
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624  : 2 AH 
  Battle of Badr
625 : 3 AH
  Battle of Uhud  
626 : 5 AH
  Battle of Khandaq / Battle of the Trench 
627 : 6 AH
  Prophet Muhammad concludes the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the Meccans
628 : 7 AH
  The Muslims reclaim Mecca
  The Prophet sends messages to Khosroe of Persia, Heraclius of Byzantium, Muqawqis of Egypt and the king of Yemen, inviting them to accept Islam 
632 : 11 AH
  Farewell pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad
  The last verse of the Quran is revealed
  Defensive expedition to Tabuk against the Byzantines ends in a stalemate and commander Zaid bin Harris is killed in action
  Prophet Muhammad passes away
  The Companions establish the Caliphate to affirm the historical continuity of Islam
  Abu Bakar as Siddiq is elected the first Caliph
  Death of Fatimah az Zahra beloved daughter of the Prophet,wife of Ali ibn Abu Talib
 

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633 : 12 AH
  Abu Bakar conducts campaigns against eastern Arabs to ensure their compliance with zakat
  Rise of the false prophets
  Battle of Yamama against Musailimah Al Kazzab
  Abu Bakar authorizes the preparation of a written copy of the Quran, the Mashaf e Siddiqi
634 : 13 AH
  Muslim armies defeat the Byzantines at the Battle of Ajnadyn
  Abu Bakar passes away
  Omar ibn Al Khattab is elected the Caliph
635 : 14 AH
  Campaigns against eastern Roman and Persian Empires
  The Muslims capture Damascus
636 : 15 AH
  The Persian army is defeated at the Battle of Qadasia
  The Byzantines are defeated at the Battle of Yarmuk
  Jerusalem conquered by Arab armies. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to Christians.
 

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637 : 16 AH
  The Muslims capture Madayen, capital of the Persian Empire
640 : 19 AH
  Omar bin al As begins campaigns in Egypt
641 : 20 AH
  Arab armies advance towards Khorasan, Afghanistan dan Sindh
642 : 21 AH
  The conquest of Egypt is completed
  Caliph Omar streamlines the administration of the vast empire
  Judical rulings of Omar ibn al Khattab and Ali ibn Abu Talib provide a basis for the sciences of Fiqh
  Persian armies defeated at the Battle of Nahawand
643 : 22 AH
  First construction of the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem
644 : 23 AH
  Caliph Omar ibn Al Khattab is assassinated
  Uthman bin Affan is elected the Caliph
649 : 28 AH
  Cyprus is captured from the Byzantines
650 : 29 AH
  Pronunciation of Quranic verses standardized
652 : 31 AH
  Death of Abu Dhar al Ghifari, venerated Companion and Sufi
656 : 36 AH
  Caliph Uthman bin Affan is assassinated
  Ali ibn Abu Talib is elected the Caliph
  Beginning of the Civil Wars
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats dissidents under Aisha binti Abu Bakar at the Battle of the Camel  
657 : 37 AH
  Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, refuses to recognize the Caliphate of Ali
  Battle of Siffin between forces of Ali and Muawiya
  Beginning of the Kharijite schism
 

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658 : 38 AH
  Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan
  Muawiya is declared the Caliph by his supporters in Damascus
659 : 39 AH
  Truce between Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
661 : 41 AH
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib is assassinated
  Age of Khulafa e Rashidoon ends
  Muawiya claims the Caliphate
  Beginning of the Umayyad dynasty
  Imam Hassan ibn Ali retires from politics
665 : 45 AH
  Muawiya orders the buildup of a navy
667 : 47 AH
  Muslim armies capture Khorasan
669 : 49 AH
  Death of Imam Hassan ibn Ali
670 : 50 AH
  Uqba bin Nafi begins the conquest of North Africa
  The city of Khairaoun in North Africa is founded
671 : 51 AH
  Muslim armies capture the island of Rhodes
  The first attempt to capture Constantinople fails
678 : 58 AH
  Death of Aisha binti Abu Bakar wife of Prophet Muhammad and the source of a large number of Hadith
 

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680 : 60 AH
  Death of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
  Yazid son of Muawiya becomes Omayyad ruler
  The tragedy of Karbala, Hussain ibn Ali,grandson of the Prophet is martyred
  Beginning of Yawm e Ashoora
683 : 63 AH
  Yazid sacks Madina
  Uqba bin Nafi conquers North Africa
  Death of Yazid: Muawiya II succeeds him
684 : 64 AH
  Marwan I becomes the Caliph
685 : 65 AH
  Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph
  Construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  Muslim armies advance into Central Asia
690 : 71 AH
  Omayyad armies reach the Atlantic Ocean
691 : 72 AH
  Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is completed
692 : 73 AH
  Abdul Malik mints the first coins of the Islamic state
693 : 74 AH
  Al Hajjaj also known as al Hajjaj the cruel becomes governor of Iraq
694 : 75 AH
  Construction of the Omayyad Mosque in Damascus
699 : 80 AH
  Death of Al Juhani rationalist, philosopher
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705 : 86 AH
  Al Walid I becomes the Caliph and begins a vigorous expansion of the empire
711 : 92 AH
  Tariq ibn Ziyad lands in Spain. Visigoth army under Rodriguez is defeated at the Battle of Buhayrah
  Muhammad bin Qasim lands at Debal subdues Baluchistan , Sindh , Multan and southern Punjab
712 : 93 AH
  Musa ibn Nusair advances into Leon, Astoria, and Galicia
  Beginning of 780 years of Muslim rule in Andalus
  Jewish golden age in Spain
  Death of Imam Zainul Abedin
713 : 94 AH
  Zaid bin Zainul Abedin organizes resistance to the Omayyads. Beginning of the Zaidi branch.
  Muslim armies capture Lyons in France
714 : 95 AH
  Muhammad bin Qasim recalled from Sindh by Hajjaj bin Yusuf and imprisoned until death
  Muslims capture Normandy in France
715 : 96 AH
  Sulaiman becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Musa ibn Nusair recalled from Spain by Caliph Sulaiman, stripped of all power and banished into the desert
717 : 98 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz becomes the Caliph and attempts reconciliation in the Islamic community. He lowers taxes on peasants in Persia and Egypt.
  The Byzantines repulse a second Muslim attempt to capture Constantinople.
  Spread of Islam into Persia and Egypt picks up momentum
 

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719 : 100 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz is poisoned
  Yazid II becomes the Caliph
720 : 101 AH
  Muslim armies cross the Pyrenees and occupy southern France
724 : 106 AH
  Hisham becomes the Caliph
728 : 110 AH
  Death of Hasan al Basri,well known Sufi Shaykh
731 : 113 AH
  Death of Imam al Baqir
732 : 114 AH
  Charles Martel stops the Muslim advance into Europe at the Battle of Tours
735 : 117 AH
  Muslim armies advance through southern France and occupy mountain passes in Switzerland
740 : 122 AH
  Death of Imam Zaid bin Zain ul Abedin
743 : 125 AH
  Al Walid II becomes the Caliph
744 : 126 AH
  Abu Muslim is appointed the chief dayee of Khorasan
  Yazid III, Ibrahim and Marwan II become the Caliphs in rapid succession
745 : 127 AH
  Imam Jaafar as Saadiq discusses Fiqh issues in his study circles. Imam Abu Haneefa participates in these studies and benefits from them.
746 : 128 AH
  Beginning of the Abbasid revolution in Khorasan
747 : 129 AH
  Kufa falls to the Abbasids. Abu Muslim nominates Abul Abbas as the first Abbasid Caliph
750 : 132 AH
  The Abbasid Revolution
  The Abbasid forces defeat the Caliph Marwan at the Battle of Kushaf. The Umayyads are swept away from power and are slaughtered
  Andur Rahman I escapes to Spain
  Beginning of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. Abu Abbas al Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph
 

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751 : 133 AH
  Battle of Tlas.The Muslim armies are victorious over the forces of the Tang Empire. China cedes Central Asia to the Caliphate
  Systematic development of Fiqh begins
754 : 136 AH
  Al Mansur becomes the Caliph,sends troops into China in response to a request for help from the Tang Emperor Tsung. 
755 : 138 AH
  The Umayyad Abdur Rahman I establishes the Umayyad Emirate in Cordoba Spain
759 : 142 AH
  The Franks recapture Narbonne from the Muslims
760 : 143 AH
  Death of Imam Ismail, son of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq
  Beginning of the Fatimid branch among Muslims
763 : 146 AH
  Baghdad becomes the seat of the Caliphate and the cradle of Islamic civilization
765 : 148 AH
  Death of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq one of the principal sources of Fiqh. Caliph al Mansur establishes schools of translation in Baghdad.
  Muslims come into contact with Greek philosophy and Indian mathematics
768 : 151 AH
  Death of Imam Abu Haneefa after whom the Hanafi school of Fiqh is named.
  Charlemagne ( 768-814) ascends the Frankish throne.
 

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775 : 158 AH
  Al Mahdi becomes the Caliph
778 : 161 AH
  Charlemagne of France raids Muslim Spain
780 : 163 AH
  Charlemagne invades German territories and converts the Germans to Christianity
781 : 164 AH
  Ibn Jabir invents the science of chemistry
785 : 168 AH
  Al Hadi becomes the Caliph
786 : 169 AH 
  Harun al Rashid becomes the Caliph. Golden age of Baghdad
788 : 172 AH
  Beginning of the Idrisid dynasty in North Africa
790 : 174 AH
  The manufacture of paper is introduced into Baghdad from China
795 : 179 AH
  Death of Imam Malik bin Anas, after whom the Maliki school of Fiqh is named
799 : 183 AH 
  Zubaida, wife of Harun al Rashid performs the Hajj and builds rest houses for hajjis on the road
  Death of Imam Muza al Kazim
 

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800 : 184 AH
  Harun al Rashid and Charlemagne exchange ambassadors
801 : 185 AH
  The city of Fez is established
  Charlemagne begins an invasion of Muslim Spain
802 : 186 AH
  Death of Rabia al Adawiya one of the most celebrated spiritual luminaries and a teacher of Sufi masters
809 : 193 AH
  Death of Harun al Rashid. Al Amin becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
813 : 197 AH
  Al Mamun succeeds his brother Al Amin as the Caliph
814 : 198 AH
  Death of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Empire in Europe begins to disintegrate
815 : 199 AH
  Al Khwarizmi invents the science of Algebra and develops the mathematics of equations
  Viking raids from the North ravage Europe
  The Abbasid Empire begins a slow process of disintegration. The Idrisids in North Africa and the Tahirids in Persia become autonomous
 

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818 : 202 AH
  Death of Imam Ali al Rida
820 : 205 AH
  Death of Imam al Shafie after whom the Shafie school of Fiqh is named.
  Rise of the Aghlabids in North Africa
822 : 207 AH
  Music flourishes at the court of Cordoba under the musician al Zirhab
  The Aghlabid armies from North Africa invade Sicily
827 : 212 AH
  Caliph al Mamun adopts Mutazilite doctrines as court dogma
  The Idrisids capture Crete, Sardinia and Sicily
830 : 215 AH
  Caliph al Mamun patronizes the Bait ul Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad and encourages translation of Greek and Sanskrit books into arabic. The Muslims develop concept of decimals in mathematics
831 : 216 AH
  Muslims capture Palermo Italy
833 : 218 AH
  Death of Al Mamun. Al Mutasim becomes the Caliph and enlists Turks into the army
835 : 220 AH
  Death of Imam al Jawwad
838 : 223 AH
  Umayyad armies from Spain occupy Marseilles France
840 : 225 AH
  Death of Al Khwarizmi mathematician , Sufi Shaykh
842 : 227 AH
  Al Wathiq becomes the Caliph
846 : 231 AH
  The Aghlabids in North Africa occupy Pisa and conduct a raid on Rome
 

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847 : 232 AH
  Al Mutawakkil becomes the Caliph abandons Mutazilite doctrines
850 : 235 AH
  Turkish influence in the Caliphate grows
855 : 241 AH
  Death of Imam ibn Hanbal after whom the Hanbali school of FIqh is named
861 : 247 AH
  University of Kairaouine ( established 859 CE ) in Fes Morocco. Caliph al Mutawakkil is murdered in Baghdad. Al Muntasir becomes the Caliph
866 : 252 AH
  Al Mutaz becomes the Caliph
868 : 254 AH
  Egypt becomes autonomous under the Tulunids
  Palermo in Sicily becomes a center of Islamic learning
  Death of Imam al Hadi
870 : 256 AH
  The Zanj workers from East Africa revolt in Iraq
  Death of Al Farabi and Al Kindi noted men of science
  Death of Al Tabari renowned physician
  The Muslims capture Malta
  Al Mutamid becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
874 : 260 AH
  Death of Abul Hussain Muslim, compiler of Hadith
  Death of Imam al Askari
  Death of Al Kindi mathematician astronomer
  Death of Al Bistami one of the most celebrated Sufi Shaikhs
 

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875 : 261 AH
  Hamdan Karamat starts the Karamatian movement
  The Sassanids establish themselves in Bokhara
878 : 264 AH
  Disappearance of Imam al Muntazar the Twelth Imam
  Beginning of belief in the hidden Imam
880 : 266 AH
  The Aghlabids lose southern Italy to Christian forces
882 : 268 AH
  A rebellion of the Zanj in Iraq is crushed
885 : 272 AH
  Death of Dawud ibn Khalaf expounder of the Zahiri school of Fiqh
887 : 274 AH
  Peasant revolt in China against foreigners forces out the Muslims of Canton
889 : 276 AH
  Death of Ibn Kutaiba historian
890 : 277 AH
  Spanish Muslims re-establish bases in southern France and conduct raids into Switzerland
892 : 279 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Tharmidi historian
  Al Mutadid becomes the Caliph
893 : 280 AH
  The Karamatians capture Yemen
898 : 285 AH
  Imam al Hadi Yahya establishes a Zaidi state in Yemen
 

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900 : 287 AH
  The Arabian Nights are compiled
  Improvements appear in the design and use of the Astrolabe
  The Kharijites establish a dynasty in Sijilmasa North Africa
901 : 288 AH
  The Samanids emerge in Khorasan Persia
902 : 289 AH
  Al Muktafi becomes the Caliph
903 : 290 AH
  The Karamatians plunder Damascus
904 : 291 AH
  Muslim armies capture Solonika from the Byzantines
907 : 294 AH
  Abu Abdullah Fatimid leader moves to North Africa 
908 : 295 AH
  Al Muqtadir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
909 : 296 AH
  The Fatimids establish themselves in North Africa
  Ubaidulla al Mahdi becomes the first Fatimid Caliph
910 : 297 AH
  Al Razi conducts research into infectious diseases including small pox,rabies and the plague
912 : 299 AH
  Reign of Abdul Rahman III in Spain (912 - 961). Cordoba becomes the premier city of Europe. Golden age of Spain. Science and civilization thrive.
 

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914 : 301 AH
  Nasr al Saeed of the Samanids in Khorasan favors the Fatimids over the Abbasids
915 : 302 AH
  The Kharijites establish themselves in southern Morocco
  The Fatimids raid Egypt
922 : 310 AH
  Mansur al Hallaj Persian mystic is executed for his esoteric views
  Beginning of the Tahirid dynasty in Iraq
923 : 311 AH
  Death of Abu Tabari, noted commentator on the Quran
925 : 313 AH
  Death of Al Razi doctor of medicine
929 : 317 AH
  In response to Fatimid claims to the Caliphate, Abdul Rahman III of Spain assumes the title of Caliph and protector of Sunni Muslims in North Africa
930 : 318 AH
  The Karamatians raid Mecca and carry off the Hijr e Aswad from the Haram to Bahrain
931 : 319 AH
  Abdur Rahman III occupies Ceuta
  The Fatimids capture Algeria
932 : 320 AH
  The Buyids establish their rule in southern Iraq
  Al Qahir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
933 : 321 AH
  The Ishkedids displace the Tulunids in Egypt and rule until 969
934 : 322 AH
  Al Radi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Qaim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
936 : 324 AH
  Death of Al Ashari (874-936), highly influential theologian who reconciled Mutazilite doctrines with orthodox theology. Author of ''occasionalism' in philosophy 
939 : 327 AH
  Abdul RAhman III of Spain captures Fraxinetum, Valais,Geneva, Toulon and Great St. Bernard
940 : 328 AH
  Extensive postal services are established by the Abbasids
  Al Muttaqi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
 

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945 : 333 AH
  The Buyids temporarily capture Baghdad
946 : 334 AH
  Al Mutee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Mansur becomes the Fatimid Caliph
950 : 338 AH
  Death of Al Farabi , noted scientist, philosopher, jurist,author of treatises on ethics, music and logic, Sufi Shaykh
951 : 340 AH
  The Ikhwan as Safa in Iraq compile an Ecyclopedia of Knowledge
953 : 342 AH
  Al Muiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in North Africa
955 : 344 AH
  Sharp naval engagements between the navies of Al Muiz and Abdul Rahman III off the coast of Spain
957 : 346 AH
  Al Masudi, the historian, passes away
961 : 350 AH
  Death of Abdul Rahman III
  The Oghuz family of Turks in Central Asia accepts Islam
962 : 351 AH
  The Seljuk, Alaptagin, establishes a kingdom in Ghazna Afghanistan
968 : 357 AH
  The Umayyads establish a university in Cordoba
969 : 358 AH
  The Fatimids conquer Egypt and establish the city of Cairo
970 : 359 AH
  The Fatimids capture Syria, Mecca and Madina and lay claim to the leadership of the Islamic world. Fatimid rule in Multan ( modern Pakistan ). Brisk trade between Alexandria, Egypt and Venice, Italy
971 : 360 AH 
  The Fatimids establish Al-Azhar University in Cairo
974 : 363 AH
  Al Ta'ee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
975 : 364 AH
  Death of Al Muiz, Fatimid Caliph of Egypt. Al Aziz becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Muslim astronomers publish manuscripts showing constellations of stars
988 : 378 AH
  Count Vladimir of Kiev embraces Eastern Orthodox Christianity
991 : 381 AH
  Al Qadir becomes the Abbasid Caliph
996 : 386 AH
  Al Hakim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Pope Pious XI declares the Crusades against Muslim
997 : 387 AH
  Mahmud succeeds Alaptagin in Ghazna and dominates Central Asia
 

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999 : 389 AH
 

Large scale Turkish migrations into Central Asia.

 

Kara Khani Turks occupy Bukhara.

 

Mahmud of Ghazna annexes Khorasan.

 

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1000 : 390 AH
 

Mahmud makes the first of seventeen raids into India.

 

The Chinese use gunpowder to propel arrows.

1001 : 391 AH
 

Mahmud starts campaigns to capture Peshawar, Bhera, Nagarkot, Tarain, Thaneshwar and Kanauj in India.

1004 : 394 AH
 

Mahmud defeats Dawud, Fatimid ruler of Multan.

1016 : 407 AH
 

The Christians reclaim Sardinia.

1017 : 408 AH
 

Beginning of the Druze sect in Lebanon.

1020 : 411 AH
 

Death of Firdowsi of Persia, author of Shah Nama.

 

Mahmud establishes Lahore as the capital of Punjab.

 

Death of Fatimid Caliph al Hakim who had claimed divinity.

1021 : 412 AH
 

Al Zahir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1024 : 415 AH
 

Mahmud raids temple of Somanath in Gujrat, India.

1025 : 416 AH
 

Al Baruni publishes Kitab ul Hind, a penetrating study of the people of India.

1030 : 421 AH
 

Death of Mahmud of Ghazna.
Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista.

 

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1031 : 422 AH
 

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba disintegrates. Spain breaks up into petty emirates. The Christian kingdoms of Castille, Leon and Portugal position themselves to attack the Muslim territories.

 

Al Qaim becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1032 : 423 AH
 

The Church of Constantinople breaks with the Church of Rome over the issue of icons in the Church.

1036 : 427 AH
 

Taghril Beg becomes Seljuk Sultan.

 

Al Mustansir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1037 : 428 AH
 

Death of Abu Ali ibn Sina, one of the greatest of physicians.

 

Ferdinand I, king of Castille, captures Leon.

1038 : 429 AH
 

Death of Al Hazen, noted physicist.

1043 : 434 AH
 

The Fatimid Empire begins to crumble. Mecca, Madina, Yemen and North Africa are lost by the Fatimids.

1048 : 440 AH
 

Death of al Bairuni, historian, author of Kitab ul Hind.

1050 : 442 AH
 

The Christians advance in Sicily.

1051 : 443 AH
 

Beginning of the Murabitun revolution in West Africa.

1056 : 448 AH
 

The Seljuk Taghril Beg and the Buyid Basisiri contest the control of Baghdad.

1058 : 450 AH
 

Taghril Beg is anointed by Abbasid Caliph Kaim as “sultan of the east and the west” for his role in protecting the Abbasid Caliphate.

1060 : 452 AH
 

The Seljuk Turks advance into Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

 

The Crusaders raid the coast of North Africa.

 

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1061 : 453 AH
 

The Murabitun capture Morocco.

 

The Murabitun establish the city of Marrakesh as their capital.

1063 : 455 AH
 

Taghril Beg dies childless. His nephew Alap Arsalan becomes the Seljuk sultan.

1068 : 460 AH
 

Beginning of the Songhay Empire in West Africa.

1072 : 464 AH
 

Battle of Manzikert. The Seljuk Turks under Alap Arsalan defeat the Byzantines under Emperor Romanus and open up Anatolia for Turkish settlement.

 

The Christians capture Palermo in Sicily.

1075 : 467 AH
 

The Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah retakes Syria from the Fatimids.

 

Al Muqtadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph.

1077 : 469 AH
 

Birth of Abdul Qader Jeelani, celebrated Sufi sage.

1085 : 478 AH
 

Alfonso I of Castile captures Toledo, the ancient capital of Visigoth Spain. The extensive libraries of Toledo become accessible to Christian Europe.

1086 : 479 AH
 

The Murabitun emir, Yusuf bin Tashfin, advances into Spain at the head of a powerful African force.

 

The Nizamiya College is founded in Baghdad by Nizam ul Mulk, grand vizier to Sultan Malik Shah.

 

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1087 : 480 AH
 

Yusuf bin Tashfin defeats Alfonso VI at the Battle of Sagrajas.

 

The Crusaders sack Mahdiya in North Africa.

 

The assassin terror grows in Iraq and Syria.

1090 : 483 AH
 

Al Ghazzali teaches at NizamiyaCollege, Baghdad.

 

The Crusaders capture Malta.

 

The assassins capture Alamut in northern Syria and establish a training center for fidayees.

1091 : 484 AH
 

End of Muslim presence in Sicily.

 

Smyrna in Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

 

Death of Sultan Malik Shah.

 

The assassins murder grand vizier Nizam ul Mulk.

1094 : 487 AH
 

Al Mustansir becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

 

Al Mustadi becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.

1095 : 488 AH
 

Pope Urban II declares a Crusade to take Jerusalem.

 

Al Afdal, grand vizier of Fatimid Egypt, recaptures Jerusalem from Turkish emir Duqaq of Damascus.

1096 : 489 AH
 

The start of the First Crusade.

1097 : 490 AH
 

Konya Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

  The Turks retreat before the advancing Crusaders.
  The Fatimids in Egypt start negotiations with the Crusaders to divide up Seljuk territories.
1098 : 491 AH
 

The Crusaders capture Antioch.

1099 : 492 AH
 

Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. The Muslims and the Jews are massacred. Baldwin becomes king of Jerusalem.

 

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1100 : 493 AH
 

Al Ghazzali writes a powerful diatribe, Tahaffuz al Falsafa, against speculative philosophy. In Ihya al Uloom, he accords tasawwuf an honored position in the Islamic sciences.

1106 : 499 AH
 

Death of Yusuf bin Tashfin, emir of the Murabitun.

1111 : 504 AH
 

Abu Hamid al Ghazzali dies after transforming the intellectual landscape of the Islamic world.

1113 : 507 AH
 

Maudud, a Seljuk officer from Mosul, defeats King Baldwin of Jerusalem.

1118 : 512 AH
 

Al Mustarshid, Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1123 : 517 AH
 

Death of Omar al Khayyam, mathematician, mystic.

1124 : 518 AH
 

Death of Hassan al Sabbah, leader of the Assassins.

1126 : 520 AH
 

Archbishop Raymond establishes a school in Toledo to translate Arabic books into Latin.

1127 : 521 AH
 

The Assassins murder Turkish officer Maudud.

1130 : 524 AH
 

Death of ibn Tumart, leader of the Al Muhaddithin.

1132 : 526 AH
 

Roger II of Sicily invites Muslim scholars to work at his court.

 

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1139 :533 AH
 

Birth of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti, Sufi sage.

1141 : 535 AH
 

The Kara Kitai Turkomans defeat the Seljuks at Amu Darya.

1144 : 538 AH
  The Seljuks, under Zengi, recapture Edessa.
  Pope Eugene declares the Second Crusade.
1145 : 539 AH
  The Second Crusade collapses in Anatolia but succeeds in capturing Lisbon in Portugal.
  End of the Murabitun rule in Andalus.
1146 : 541 AH
  The al Muhaddithin captures Morocco.
  The assassins murder Seljuk Emir Zengi.
1149 : 544 AH
 

Al Zafir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1150 : 545 AH
 

The University of Paris is established.

1151 : 546 AH
 

Al Idrisi constructs a map of the then known world.

1154 : 549 AH
  The Kurdish officer Nuruddin, in Seljuk service, takes Damascus.
  Al Faiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.
1157 : 552 AH
 

The al Muhaddithin captures Andalus.

1160 : 555 AH
  Al Mustanjid becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
  Al Adid, the last of the Fatimids, becomes the Caliph in Cairo.
1163 : 558 AH
 

The Seljuks and the Crusaders compete for influence in Fatimid Egypt.

1166 : 561 AH
  Death of Shaykh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad, called Shaykh ul Mashaiq, founder of the Qadariya Sufi order.
  Death of the geographer, al Idrisi.
1167 : 562 AH
  Establishment of Oxford University in England.
 

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1170 : 565 AH
  Salahuddin takes Egypt from the Fatimids.
  Al Mustadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1171 : 566 AH
  End of the Fatimid era. Egypt reverts to the Abbasid Caliphate.
1173 : 568 AH
  Ghiasuddin Ghori established the kingdom of Ghor in Afghanistan.
1175 : 570 AH
  Salahuddin consolidates his hold on Syria and Egypt.
  Death of Ahmed al Rifai, founder of the Rifaiyah Sufi brotherhood.
1177 : 572 AH
  Muhammed Ghori adds Multan, Uch, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh to his dominions.
1179 : 575 AH
  Muhammed Ghori starts campaigns to capture Peshawar and Sialkot.
1182 : 578 AH
  Khwaja Muhammed Ghouse of Sindh introduces the Qadariya order into India and Pakistan.
1187 : 583 AH
  Battle of Hittin. Salahuddin triumphs and recaptures Jerusalem.
  Muhammed Ghori captures Lahore.
1188 : 584 AH
  Pope Clement III launches the Third Crusade.
1189 : 585 AH
  Khwaja Moeenuddin Chisti moves to Ajmer, India and establishes the Chistiya order.
1190 : 586 AH
  King Richard of England proposes a marriage between his sister and Saifuddin, brother of Salahuddin and for the two together to rule Jerusalem. The proposal is opposed by the Crusaders and is abandoned.
1191 : 587 AH
  Accra surrenders to the Crusaders after a long siege.
  Mohammed Ghori suffers a defeat at the Battle of Tarain and is forced to withdraw towards Kabul.
1192 : 588 AH
  Muhammed Ghori, victorious over the Rajputs, captures Delhi. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi is slain.
1193 : 589 AH
 

Salahuddin passes away and is buried in Damascus.

1196 : 592 AH
  The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos.
1198 : 594 AH
  Death of ibn Rushd, of the great world philosophers.
1199 : 595 AH
  Pope Innocent III declares the Fourth Crusade.
 

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1200 : 596 AH 
  Islam takes roots in Indonesia.
  Alauddin Muhammed becomes the Shah of Khwarazm.
  The Crusaders capture Valencia.
  Cambridge University is established in England.
1201 : 597 AH
  The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.
1202 : 598 AH
  The Delhi Sultanate is established.
1203 : 599 AH
  Death of Nizami, well known Farsi poet.
1204 : 600 AH
  The Crusaders, led by Dondolo of Venice, sack Constantinople and loot its treasures.
  Johan Shah, ruler of Sumatra, accepts Islam.
1205 : 601 AH
  The Turkoman Kara Kitai defeats Mohammed Ghori.
  The Ghorids put down a rebellion in the Punjab.
1206 : 602 AH
  Genghiz Khan becomes the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes.
  The assassins murder Muhammed Ghori.
  The Delhi sultans advance towards Bengal.
1211 : 608 AH
  Altumish ascends the throne of Delhi.
1212 : 609 AH
  The Crusaders defeat the al Muhaddith at the Battle of Las Novas de Tolosa.
1215 : 612 AH
  Genghiz Khan captures northern China; learns the use of gunpowder from the Chinese.
1218 : 615 AH
  The Fifth Crusade is directed against Egypt. The Egyptians open the Nile docks and drown the invaders.
1219 : 616 AH
  Genghiz Khan invades the territories of Shah Muhammed of Khorasan.
1220 : 617 AH
  Genghiz Khan devastates Central Asia.
1221 : 618 AH
  Genghiz Khan destroys Persia and Afghanistan.
  Prince Jalaluddin faces the Khan at the Battle of the Indus.
1222 : 619 AH
  Genghiz Khan returns to Mongolia.
1223 : 620 AH
  Ibn al Athir, celebrated historian, passes away.
 

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1227 : 624 AH
  Death of Genghiz Khan. The Mongols continue their advance through West Asia and Eastern Europe.
1228 : 625 AH
  The Sixth Crusade, directed at Egypt and led by Emperor Frederick II of Germany fails.
1230 : 627 AH
  Sundiata starts consolidation of the Empire of Mali.
1235 : 632 AH
  Baba Fareed of Lahore becomes heads of the Chistiya order in India.
1236 : 633 AH
  Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, falls to the Crusaders.
  Razia rules as Queen of India.
  Death of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, the most celebrated awliya of the subcontinent.
  Al Mustansir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad.
1240 : 637 AH
  Death of ibn al Arabi, renowned Sufi Shaykh.
  Roger Bacon teaches in England.
1242 : 639 AH
  Al Musta’sim becomes the 37th and the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1245 : 643 AH
  At the Council of Lyons, Christian Europe resolves to seek an alliance with the Mongols against the Muslims. A Franciscan priest, John de Plano Carpini, arrives at the Mongol court to seek military assistance.
1248 : 646 AH
  Seville in Spain falls to the Christians.
  Ibn Ahmar starts the Nasirid dynasty in Granada.
1249 : 647 AH
  The Seventh Crusade, directed at Egypt by the Franks, is beaten back.
1250 : 648 AH
  Shajarat al Durr rules as Queen of Egypt.
1251 : 649 AH
  Hulagu Khan becomes the Mongol lord of Persia and Central Asia.
1256 : 654 AH
  Hulagu Khan destroys the Assassins.
1257 : 655 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, celebrated Farsi poet.
  Nizamuddin Awliya becomes head of the Chishtiya order in Delhi. Islam spreads in India.
1258 : 656 AH
  Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad. End of the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The curtain falls on the classic Islamic civilization. Caliph al Musta’sim is killed.
  Death of Ali al Shadhuli, founder of the Shadhuli Sufi order.
1260 : 658 AH
  Kublai Khan ascends the throne of China. Many capable Muslims work at the court of the Great Khan.
  Hulagu Khan storms Aleppo and massacres its inhabitants.
1261 : 659 AH
  The Mamlukes of Egypt install Al Mustansir as the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo.
  The Mamluke, Zahir Baybars of Egypt, defeats a combined army of Mongols, Armenians and Crusaders at the Battle of Ayn Jalut.
 

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1265 : 663 AH
  Death of Hulagu Khan.
1269 : 667 AH
  The Merinide al Yakub captures Marrakesh.
1273 : 671 AH
  Death of Jalaluddin Rumi, author of Mathnavi, the most celebrated of Farsi poets and founder of the Maulavi Sufi order.
1274 : 672 AH
  Death of al Tusi, astronomer and inventor of the 2-axis gimbal.
  Emir al Yaqub of the Merinides defeats the Christians at the Battle of Ecija.
1277 : 676 AH
  Sultan Baybars defeats the Mongol armies at the Battle of Abulistan.
1278 : 677 AH
  Death of Sultan Baybars.
1289 : 688 AH
  The Mamlukes captures Acre, last Crusader stronghold in Syria.
1290 : 689 AH
  Sultan Malik Shah rules in Sumatra.
1291 : 690 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, well known Farsi poet.
1294 : 693 AH
  Marco Polo returns to Italy from journey to the East.
1295 : 694 AH
  Ghazan the Great, the Il Khan Emperor, accepts Islam.
 

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1300 : 699 AH
  Alauddin Khilji consolidates his empire over the subcontinent. Malik Kafur advances into southern India.
1301 : 700 AH
  Uthman Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman Empire, consolidates his holdings around Burs and Eskishehir; he defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yalakova.
  The Mamlukes triumph over the Il Khans at the Battle of Marj as Suffar.
1307 : 706 AH
  Mansa Musa becomes emperor of Mali.
1316 : 716 AH
  Death of Alauddin Khilji, emperor of India.
1320 : 720 AH
  The Khilji dynasty in India collapses.
  Beginning of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1324 : 724 AH
  Mansa Musa performs his hajj with an entourage of 12000.
1325 : 725 AH
  Death of Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi.
  Ibn Batuta begins his journey around the world.
  Death of Amir Khusroe ,famed Sufi poet of India
1326 : 726 AH
  Death of Uthman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. His successor Sultan Orkhan captures Bursa.
  Death of ibn Taymiyah, noted scholar, considered to be the founder of the “salafi” school of thought.
1333 : 733 AH
  Yusuf I becomes emir of Granada, breaks with Castille, forms an alliance with the sultan of Morocco and makes a last attempt to capture Spain from the Christians.
1334 : 734 AH
  Ibn Batuta arrives in Delhi.
  Death of Shaykh Safiuddin Ishaq, after whom the Safavid dynasty of Persia is named.
1335 : 735 AH
  Death of Abu Said, Il Khanid Prince.
1340 : 740 AH
  The Yuan Emperor Toghon Timur of China sends an embassy to the court of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India.
  The Merinide navy defeats the Spaniards at the Battle of Tarifa.
 

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1341 : 742 AH
  Death of Sultan ibn Qalawun of Egypt.
1345 : 746 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits Sultan Malik al Zahir of Pasai Indonesia.
1346 : 747 AH
  The Black Plague devastates Europe.
1351 : 752 AH
  Death of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India. The Tughlaq Empire begins to disintegrate.
1354 : 755 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits the Empire of Mali.
  The Ottomans capture Gallipoli and Ankara.
1355 : 756 AH
  Ibn Batuta returns to Tangier. The Merinide Sultan Abu Inan authorizes the writing of the Rehla of Ibn Batuta.
  The Genoese briefly occupy Tripoli, Libya.
1357 : 758 AH
  The Ottomans capture Erdirne.
1368 : 769 AH
  Timurlane, elected the leader of the Tatars, consolidates his hold on the valley of Farghana in Uzbekistan.
1369 : 770 AH
  Death of ibn Batuta.
1375 : 777 AH
  Dimitrius, Count of Moscow, wins a victory over the Tatar Golden Horde.
1376 : 778 AH
  The Golden Horde burns down Moscow.
1380 : 782 AH
  Timurlane begins his first campaign in Persia.
  Shaykh Awliya Karim al Maqdum introduces Islam into Mindanao, the Philippines.
  Kara Muhammed, leader of the Turkish tribe Kara Kuyunlu, establishes his kingdom near Mosul.
1381 : 783 AH
  The Ottomans capture Bulgaria.
1385 : 787 AH
  The Ottomans capture Thrace.
1387 : 789 AH
  Timurlane invades Russia and destroys the power of the Golden Horde. Russia begins its long march towards political consolidation.
1389 : 791 AH
  Bayazid I becomes the Ottoman sultan, defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosova.
  Death of Hafiz, one of the greatest of Farsi poets.
  Death of Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tareeqa of Bukhara.
1390 : 792 AH
  A combined French and Genoese force attacks Mahdiya, Tunisia.
1391 : 793 AH
  Bayazid I attacks Constantinople.
 

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1396 : 798 AH
  Bayazid defeats the Crusader armies at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1398 : 800 AH
  Timur sacks Isfahan, Persia.
1399 : 801 AH
  Timur invades India, sacks Delhi, India.
  Castille sacks Tetuan, Morocco.
 

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1400 : 802 AH
  Bayazid I lays siege to Constantinople.
1401 : 803 AH
  Timur defeats the Mamlukes of Egypt.
  Damascus surrenders to the Tatars.
  Timur sacks Baghdad.
1402 : 804 AH
  Timur defeats Bayazid I at the Battle of Ankara.
  Sulaiman I becomes the Ottoman sultan.
  Sultan Iskander Shah expels the Thais from Malaya.
1404 : 806 AH
  Timur embarks on an expedition to China.
1405 : 807 AH
  Timurlane dies en route to China; his son Shah Rukh succeeds him. 
1406 : 809 AH
  Sultan Sikander Shah of Malaysia accepts Islam.
  The great Chinese Admiral Zheng Yi (commonly known as Admiral Ho), a Muslim, sails to Malaya, Indonesia, India, Persia, Yemen, East Africa and the Cape of Good Hope with a fleet of 50 great ships.
  Death of ibn Khaldun, author of Muqaddamah.
1409 : 812 AH
  Shah Rukh, heir to Timurlane, occupies Samarqand.
1410 : 813 AH
  Kara Yusuf establishes the Kara Kuyunlu kingdom around Tabriz, Persia.
  Death of Gaysu Daraz, Sufi shaykh of the Deccan, India.
1411 : 814 AH
  Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya visits China at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor.
  Prince Mehmet begins the reconsolidation of the Ottoman Empire after the disastrous defeat in the Battle of Ankara.
1415 : 818 AH
  The Portuguese capture Ceuta in Morocco.
1420 : 823 AH
  Shah Rukh consolidates his hold on Persia.
1421 : 824 AH
  Murad II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1422 : 825 AH
  Murad II lays unsuccessful siege to Constantinople.
1424 : 827 AH
  Death of Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya.
1425 : 828 AH
  Tangier in Morocco, captured by the Portuguese.
1430 : 833 AH
  The Portuguese acquire the technology to sail against the wind from the Venetians.
1432 : 835 AH
  Portuguese captain Diaz sails around Cape Bajador in West Africa.
1434 : 837 AH 
  Death of Shah Rukh. Persia disintegrates. The Kara Kuyunlu and Aq Kuyunlu expand their territories.
 

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1441 : 845 AH
  First slave raid by the Portuguese in southern Morocco directed against Muslims.
1443 : 847 AH
  The Portuguese capture the island of Tristao off the coast of West Africa, later to gain notoriety in the Atlantic slave trade.
1444 : 848 AH
  Ottomans armies march into Hungary.
  Murad II defeats combined armies of Hungary, Wallachia and Venice at the Battle of Varna.
  The Portuguese Lagos Company chartered under Prince Henry.
1445 : 849 AH
  Printing is introduced into Europe. Portuguese sailor Diaz sails around West Africa.
1451 : 855 AH
  Mehmet II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Shaykh Rahmat converts the Majapahit ruler (Indonesia) Raja Kertawijaya to Islam.
  Islam spreads rapidly in Java.
1453 : 857 AH
  Mehmet II conquerors Constantinople, renames it Istanbul and makes it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1455 : 859 AH
  The Venetians sail to the delta of the Gambia River.
1456 : 860 AH
  Mehmet II captures Athens, Greece.
  The Portuguese arrive at the mouth of the Gambia River.
1458 : 862 AH
  The Portuguese occupy the fortress of al Qasr, Morocco.
1460 : 864 AH
  King Alfonso of Portugal authorizes Fernao Gomes to explore the western coast of Africa.
1461 : 865 AH
  Leonardo da Vinci begins his work in Venice.
1463 : 867 AH
  Mehmet II conquers Bosnia. Mosque of Sultan Mehmet II constructed in Istanbul.
1465 : 869 AH
  Death of al Jazuli, Sufi Shaykh in Morocco.
1467 : 871 AH
  Herzegovina conquered by Mehmet II.
  Uzun Hassan, leader of Aq Quyunlu defeats Jehan Shah, leader of the Kara Quyunlu. Jehan Shah dies in battle.
1471 : 876 AH
  Tangiers occupied by Portugal.
  Portugal occupies Arzila on the West coast of Morocco.
1473 : 878 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II defeats the Aq Kuyunlu Sultan Uzun Hassan. Portuguese captain Sequira sails to Benin, Nigeria.
1474 : 879 AH
  Commercial town of Kedah, in Indonesia, becomes Muslim.
1475 : 880 AH
  War between Spain and Portugal over rights to the Canary Islands.
1478 : 883 AH
  Kara Quli, a descendant of Jehan Shah, flees to India and establishes the Qutubshahi dynasty near Hyderabad.
  Death of Uzun Hassan, Aq Quyunlu Sultan.
  Turmoil in western Persia.
1479 : 884 AH
  Consolidation of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella.
1480 : 885 AH
  The Ottomans capture the island of Rhodes.
1481 : 886 AH
  Bayazid II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
 

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1482 : 887 AH
  Ferdinand of Spain attacks al Hama.
1483 : 888 AH
  Civil wars in Granada.
  Ferdinand captures Malaga, Spain.
1484 : 889 AH
  The Portuguese appear at the delta of the Congo River.
1487 : 892 AH
  Portuguese sailor Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
1488 : 893 AH
  Malaga, one of the last Nasirid strongholds, falls to Castille.
1489 : 894 AH
  Adil Shah becomes Sultan of Bijapur, India
1490 : 895 AH
  Ferdinand lays siege to Granada, called Santa Fe (Holy Faith).
1492 : 897 AH
  Columbus discovers America.
  Granada falls to the Christians.
  Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
  The Jews are expelled from Spain.
  Sultan Bayazid II takes Hungary.
  Lodhi Sultanate established in Delhi.
  Death of Abdur Rahman Jami, well known Farsi poet.
1493 : 898 AH
  Abu Abdallah, commonly known as Boabdil, last emir of Granada, leaves Spain.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes Emperor of Songhay.
1494 : 899 AH
  At the Treaty of Tordesillas arranged by Pope Alexander VI, Portugal and Spain agree to divide up the world for conquest.
1495 : 900 AH
  Shaykh Putah introduces Islam into the Celebes islands and western New Guinea.
1496 : 901 AH
  Vasco da Gama, sails around the Cape of Good Hope and with the help of Muslim navigator Ahmed ibn Majid, discovers route to Malabar, India.
1497 : 902 AH
  Zahiruddin Babur loses Samarqand.
  Askiya Muhammed moves the capital of Songhay to Gao on the Niger River.
1499 : 904 AH
  Ottoman navy defeats the Venetians, takes Lepanto, off the coast of Greece.
1500 : 905 AH
  Muslims in Granada resist the Spanish Inquisition.
  Spain institutes forced slavery in Cuba.
1501 : 906 AH
  Shah Ismail I, with the help of the Safaviyya Sufi order, establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
  The Uzbek Shaibani Khan evicts Zahiruddin Babur from Samarqand.
1502 : 907 AH
  Second voyage of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. The Portuguese bombard the city-states of East Africa, destroy the port city of Cochin, India and force the Raja of Cochin to expel Muslim traders.
  The Portuguese capture Shofala, East Africa.
  Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  Inquisition against the Muslims in Spain.
 

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1504 : 910 AH
  Babur takes Kabul, Afghanistan.
  Death of al Maghili, influential thinker from North Africa.
1505 : 911 AH
  Spain occupies Mars al Kabir, Algeria.
  The Portuguese occupy Agadir Morocco and build the fort of Santa Cruz.
  Portuguese captain Almeida raids Kilwa, Tanzania.
1507 : 913 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Safi, Morocco.
  The Portuguese occupy Bab el Mandap at the entrance to the Red Sea.
1508 : 914 AH
  A Mamluke fleet defeats the Portuguese off the coast of Chaul near modern Karachi.
  Spain occupies Oran, Algeria.
1509 : 915 AH
  The Mamlukes defeat the Portuguese navy off the coast of Yemen.
  Shah Ismail I defeats the Uzbek Shaibani Khan at the Battle of Merv.
  Spain occupies Bogie, Tunisia.
  The first batch of slaves bought in Lisbon for transportation to America.
1511 : 917 AH
  The Portuguese take Goa, India, and make it the capital of their operations in the Indian Ocean.
  The Inquisition is instituted against Hindus and Muslim in India.
  Spain destroys Tripoli, Libya.
  The Ottomans crush a Qazilbash uprising in eastern Anatolia at the Battle of Sivas.
1512 : 918 AH
  Selim I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Malacca.
  Tlemcen in North Africa becomes a protectorate of Spain.
  The Uzbeks defeat the Safavids at the Battle of Khuzduvan and take Khorasan.
1514 : 920 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats Shah Ismail I at the Battle of Chaldiran.
1515 : 921 AH
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Hormuz in Persia.
  The Portuguese control the entire Atlantic coastline of Morocco.
  First shipload of sugar from Cuba arrives in Spain.
1516 : 922 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Bahrain and Oman.
  The Ottomans capture Mosul.
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats the Mamlukes at the Battle of Marj Dabik in Syria.
1517 : 923 AH
  Selim I occupies Cairo.
  Egypt becomes a province of the Ottoman Empire.
  The Caliphate moves to Istanbul.
  Selim I becomes the first Ottoman Caliph of Islam.
  Muhammed al Mahdi becomes Sa’adid Sultan of Morocco.
  Martin Luther begins Protestant reformation in Germany.
  The Portuguese capture Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  The King of Spain grants license to import African slaves into America.
  Ibrahim Lodhi becomes Sultan of Delhi.
1519 : 925 AH
  Death of Leonardo da Vinci.
  Mexican silver flows into Europe.
 

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1520 : 926 AH
  Sulaiman the Magnificent becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1521 : 927 AH
  Sulaiman captures Belgrade.
  Cortez destroys the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
1522 : 928 AH
  Sulaiman captures Rhodes. Spain captures Central America.
1525 : 931 AH
  Death of Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  Tahmasp I becomes Safavid ruler of Persia.
  Babur takes Lahore, Pakistan.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent orders a reorganization of the Ottoman fleet to challenge the Spaniards and the Portuguese.
1526 : 932 AH
  Babur captures Delhi; the Moghul dynasty is born. Sulaiman the Magnificent defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Mohacs.
1527 : 933 AH
  Babur defeats Rajput armies at the Battle of Khanua.
1528 : 934 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman captures the city of Buda in Hungary.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes blind and is deposed as the Emperor of Songhay.
1529 : 935 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman lays siege to Vienna, Austria.
1530 : 936 AH
  Death of Zahiruddin Babur. His son Humayun ascends the Moghul throne in Delhi.
  The Englishman William Hawkins raids the Ivory Coast.
1534 : 940 AH
  Khairuddin, admiral of the Ottoman fleets, recaptures Tunis.
  Henry VIII takes the Church of England out of the orbit of Rome.
1535 : 941 AH
  Sulaiman Pasha, Ottoman governor of Egypt, drives the Portuguese from Yemen.
  The English Parliament passes laws against loitering in London.
  John Calvin preaches the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
  Stock Exchange is established in London.
1536 : 943 AH
  Khairuddin raids Valencia, Spain.
1537 : 944 AH
  Khairuddin captures Otranto, Italy and threatens Rome.
1538 : 945 AH
  Khairuddin victorious over combined navies of Venice and the Vatican at the Battle of Prevesa.
1540 : 947 AH
  Spain colonizes the Philippines.
  Destruction of religious relics in England. Beginning of the end of feudalism in England.
  Sher Shah Suri defeats Moghul Emperor Humayun and displaces him from the throne of Delhi until 1555.
1541 : 948 AH
  Charles V of Spain strikes at the Algerian coast.
  Ottoman Admiral Khairuddin takes Otranto, Italy.
  Muhammed al Saadi drives the Portuguese from the fort of Santa Cruz in Morocco.
 

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1542 : 949 AH
  Increasing tribal warfare in West Africa.
1546 : 953 AH
  Death of Khairuddin. Piri Rais becomes admiral of Ottoman navies.
1550 : 957 AH
  Kingdom of Acheh in Indonesia is founded. Islam spreads in the Archipelago.
1551 : 958 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tripoli.
  Piri Rais challenges the Portuguese blockage of the Straits of Hormuz.
1553 : 960 AH
  Thomas Wyndham of England raids the coast of West Africa.
1554 : 961 AH
  John Lock of England raids the Ivory Coast.
1557 : 964 AH
  The Ottomans occupy Masawa, Eritrea.
1558 : 965 AH
  Akbar becomes Moghul Emperor of India.
1560 : 967 AH
  Akbar adds Malwa, Chitoor, Rathambur, Gujrat and Bengal to the Moghul Empire (1560-1574).
  Abul Fazal and Faizi, well known writers, grace the Moghul court.
  Akbar surrounds himself with the “seven gems”; men of outstanding capabilities, including the musician Tan Sen and the Finance Minister Raja Todar Mal.
1561 : 968 AH
  Piri Rais prepares an accurate map of the Atlantic seaboard.
  The Ottomans destroy a Spanish fleet at the Battle of Djerba.
1562 : 969 AH
  Akbar marries Jodha Bai, princess of Amber, Rajasthan.
1563 : 970 AH
  First English fortifications off the coasts of New Guinea.
1564 : 971 AH
  Spain occupies the Philippines.
1565 : 972 AH
  Battle of Telekote, India. The combined forces of Bijapur, Golkunda, Bidar and Gulbarga defeat the armies of Vijayanagar in southern India.
  Piri Rais undertakes unsuccessful siege of Malta.
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, captures Gujrat.
  John Hawkins of England conducts slave raids on Sierra Leone.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent passes away
 

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1566 : 973 AH
  Muslims in Spain rebel against forced conversion to Catholicism.
1571 : 979 AH
  Battle of Lepanto. Combined navies of Spain, Venice, Austria and the Vatican defeat the Ottoman navy and occupy Tunis. Ottoman naval advance into the western Mediterranean is halted.
1572 : 980 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tunis.
  The Dutch gain their independence from Spain.
1573 : 981 AH
  The Moghul Emperor Akbar authorizes the construction of four large temples in Mathura.
1576 : 984 AH
  The Ottomans advance through Algeria and take the city of Fez in Morocco.
1578 : 986 AH
  Battle of Al Qasr al Kabir. The Sa’adid Sultan Ahmed al Mansur crushes the Portuguese army. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. Morocco remains independent. Ottoman westward advance is halted.
1579 : 987 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, completes the construction of a new city, Fatehpur Sikri. He starts ecumenical discussions with all religious faiths in the Ibadat Khana.
1580 : 988 AH
  Ottoman Admiral Ali Beg raids Portuguese positions in East Africa.
  Skirmishes between the Empire of Songhay and the Sa’adids of Morocco over the salt mines of Taodini.
  Portugal becomes a protectorate of Spain.
1581 : 989 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, moves to Lahore, and adds Kashmir, Sindh, Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan to his empire.
  Akbar completes the construction of a Jami Masjid in Peshawar.
  Queen Elizabeth I sends Harborne as ambassador to Istanbul to seek trade relations with the Ottomans.
1585 : 993 AH
  War between the Safavids and the Ottomans for control of Iraq and Azerbaijan.
1587 : 995 AH
  Pope Sixtus V authorizes a Catholic crusade against England.
  The English defeat the Scots. Consolidation of Britain under the English throne.
1588 : 996 AH
  Shah Abbas becomes Safavid emperor of Persia.
  The Spanish armada is destroyed off the coast of England.
  Death of Sinan, architect of Sulaimaniye and Shehzade mosques in Turkey.
 

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1590 : 998 AH
  William Shakespeare writes in England.
1591 : 999 AH
  The Bohras emerge as a sub-branch of the Fatimids.
1592 : 1000 AH
  The Sa’adids of Morocco invade the Songhay Empire. A strong force under Judar Pasha destroys Timbaktu.
1596 : 1004 AH
  Akbar captures Ahmednagar in the Deccan, India.
1598 : 1006 AH
  A second Spanish attempt to conquer England ends in failure.
1600 : 1008 AH
  Dutch ascendancy in the Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade gathers momentum.
  The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I.
1602 : 1010 AH
  Shah Abbas drives the Portuguese from Bahrain.
  The Dutch East India Company is formed.
1603 : 1012 AH
  Death of Queen Elizabeth I. 
1605 : 1014 AH
  Death of Moghul Emperor Akbar.
1609 : 1018 AH
  Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
1615 : 1024 AH
  The Dutch capture the Straits of Malacca from the Portuguese.
  Thomas Roe arrives in India as British ambassador to the Moghul court.
  Galileo is tried by the Church for his view that the earth is not the center of the universe.
1619 : 1028 AH
  The Dutch East India Company obtains trading rights on the island of Java.
  Thomas Roe obtains a farman from the Great Moghul Jehangir granting Britain trading rights in India.
 

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1620 : 1029 AH
  Sufi doctrines spread to East Asia.
  The Pilgrims land at Port Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1622 : 1031 AH
  Shah Abbas I, with the help of the British navy, expels the Portuguese from the Straits of Hormuz. The British obtain trading rights in Persia.
1623 : 1032 AH
  Murad IV becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1624 : 1033 AH
  Death of Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, referred to as Mujaddid alf e Thani (Reformer of the Second Millennium). He expounded the doctrine of Wahdat as Shahada.
1626 : 1035 AH
  The Dutch establish themselves in New Amsterdam (New York).
1627 : 1036 AH
  Shah Jehan, Moghul Emperor of India.
1630 : 1039 AH
  Death of German Astronomer Johann Kepler.
1635 : 1045 AH
  Death of Mian Pir of Lahore, teacher of Dara Shikoh, son of Shah Jehan.
  Emperor Shah Jehan expels the Portuguese from Bengal.
1638 : 1048 AH
  Shah Jehan builds a new capital at Delhi. Construction of the Jami Masjid in Delhi.
1639 : 1049 AH
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Madras.
1640 : 1050 AH
  Armed rivalry between Britain, France and the Dutch for control of the slave trade.
  Portugal gains its independence from Spain.
  The Dutch capture Sri Lanka.
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Calcutta.
 

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1641 : 1051 AH
  Sultana Tajul Alam Safiyyiatuddin rules as Queen of Acheh. She is the first of four queens to rule over the northern part of Sumatra.
  The Dutch capture Cochin on the West coast of India.
1642 : 1052 AH
  The Dutch establish a colony at Masulipatam on the East coast of India.
1643 : 1053 AH
  War between Venice and the Ottomans for control of Crete.
1648 : 1058 AH
  Shah Jehan completes the Taj Mahal, the most celebrated monument to love, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  The Portuguese recapture Brazil from the Dutch.
1655 : 1065 AH
  The Kurpulu brothers Mehmet Pasha and Fazil Ahmed revitalize the Ottoman administration (1655-1676).
1658 : 1068 AH
  Aurangzeb becomes the Moghul Emperor.
1659 : 1069 AH
  End of the Sa’adid dynasty in Morocco.
1660 : 1070 AH
  Isaac Newton revolutionizes physics.
1664 : 1074 AH
  The British seize New Amsterdam, rename it New York.
  The Battle of St. Gotthard between the Ottomans and the European “Holy League” ends in a stalemate.
1666 : 1076 AH
  The Qur’an is translated into the Malay language.
1668 : 1079 AH
  King Charles II of England sells Bombay to the East India Company.
1676 : 1087 AH
  Kara Mustafa Pasha becomes grand vizier in Istanbul.
1677 : 1088 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over access to the Black Sea.
1683 : 1094 AH
  The second siege of Vienna ends in failure. The Ottomans lose Hungary.
1686 : 1097 AH
  The Hapsburgs advance through Hungary towards Belgrade.
  The British make an attempt to capture the port of Chittagong in India and are beaten back by Moghul forces. 
1687 : 1098 AH
  The Ottomans are defeated at the second Battle of Mohacs.  
1694 : 1105 AH
  The Bank of England advances a perpetual loan of 1.2 million pounds to the British Crown in return for the privilege of putting its own notes into circulation.
1696 : 1107 AH
  Peter of Russia captures the strategic fortress of Azov from the Ottomans.
  The Sultan of Oman recaptures Fort Jesus of Mombasa from the Portuguese.
1707 : 1119 AH
  Death of Aurangzeb. The Moghul Empire begins to disintegrate.
 

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1708 : 1120 AH
  The assassination of Guru Gobind Singh sets off Sikh revolts against Moghul rule in India.
1713 : 1125 AH
  The British displace the Dutch as the most powerful force in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
1722 : 1134 AH
  Tahmasp II, last Safavid ruler of Persia ascends the Persian throne.
  Nizam ul Mulk is appointed the Subedar of Hyderabad.
1736 : 1149 AH
  Nadir Shah becomes Emperor of Persia, displaces the Safavid Tahmasp II.
1739 : 1152 AH
  Nadir Shah of Persia invades India, sacks Delhi, and carries off the Peacock Throne.
1740 : 1153 AH
  Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab starts his movement in Najd, Arabia.
1741 : 1154 AH
  Ahmed ibn Said becomes Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar and attempts to build a strong navy. 
1746 : 1159 AH
  Muhammed ibn Saud establishes the Saudi dynasty near Riyadh.
1754 : 1167 AH
  The French General Dupleix leaves India. France loses the contest for control of Indian trade to the British.
1756 : 1169 AH
  Anglo-French wars in India and America (1756-63). The British are victorious over the French.
1757 : 1170 AH
  The Battle of Plassey. The British gain control of Bengal, India.
1758 : 1171 AH
  The Industrial Revolution in England gains momentum, fueled by the loot from Bengal.
  The Marathas occupy Lahore; oust Timur, son of Nadir Shah of Kabul.
1761 : 1174 AH
  Third Battle of Panipat near Delhi. The Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeat Maratha armies.
1762 : 1175 AH
  Death of Shah Waliullah of Delhi, leading reformer.
1763 : 1176 AH
  The Treaty of Paris. The French give up their interests in India and America.
 

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1764 : 1177 AH
  The British starve the Begums of Oudh, India, to surrender their jewels.
  Battle of Buxor. The British defeat the combined armies of Oudh, Bengal and Delhi.
1765 : 1178 AH
  The British wage a brutal campaign against the Afghans of Rohilla in India.
1767 : 1181 AH
  The First Mysore War (1767-68). Tippu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali force the British to sue for peace.
1772 : 1186 AH
  The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1776 : 1190 AH
  The Colonies declare independence in America. The American War of Independence (1776-83) follows.
1780 : 1194 AH
  The Second Mysore War. Tippu Sultan defeats the British at the Battle of Pollipur.
1781 : 1195 AH
  George Washington defeats General Cornwallis at the Battle of Saratoga. Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, retires to England, is hired by the East India Company, and is sent to battle Tippu Sultan of Mysore.
1787 : 1201 AH
  Death of Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab of Arabia.
1789 : 1203 AH
  The Third Mysore War (1789-91). Cornwallis forces Tippu Sultan to cede half of his Territory; takes Tippu’s children as hostage.
  Beginning of the French Revolution.
1793 : 1207 AH
  The British Permanent Settlement Act imposes feudal landlords upon Bengal.
1798 : 1213 AH
  Napoleon lands in Egypt and is victorious at the Battle of the Pyramids.
  The British capture Colombo from the Dutch.
1799 : 1214 AH
  Napoleon corresponds with Tippu Sultan of Mysore and the Sultan of Oman about an invasion of India.
  Tippu Sultan falls at the Battle of Srirangapatam.
  Napoleon is defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar and is forced to withdraw from Egypt.
1801 : 1216 AH
  The Wahhabis raid Karbala. Wahhabi movement spreads to Iraq. The Wahhabis raid the Hejaz.
1803 : 1218 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Ottoman governor of Egypt; starts a long series of reforms.
  The Marathas in Poona, India, sue for peace with the British.
  Denmark abolishes the slave trade.
  Emir Abdul Aziz of Najd captures Mecca.
1805 : 1220 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Pasha of Egypt.
1806 : 1221 AH
  British armies enter Delhi.
 

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1807 : 1222 AH
  Uthman dan Fuduye establishes the Sokoto Caliphate.
  Muhammed Ali Pasha beats back a British attempt to seize Alexandria, Egypt.
1808 : 1223 AH
  The United States abolishes the slave trade.
1812 : 1227 AH
  Muhammed Ali of Egypt recaptures Mecca and Hejaz from the Wahhabis (1812-15).
1817 : 1232 AH
  Death of Uthman dan Fuduye, mujahid in West Africa.
  Muhammed Bello becomes Caliph of the Sokoto Empire.
1818 : 1233 AH
  Holland abolishes the slave trade.
1821 : 1236 AH
  Greek war against the Ottomans.
1827 : 1242 AH
  Naval Battle of Navarino pits European axis against the Ottomans.
  Shaykh Ahmed Lobo establishes the kingdom of Lobo in West Africa.
1828 : 1243 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over control of the Black Sea. Russia advances into Anatolia.
1830 : 1246 AH
  Greece breaks off from the Ottoman Empire.
  France occupies Algiers.
1834 : 1250 AH
  Beginning of Muslim resistance to the Russians in Daghestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.
1835 : 1251 AH
  The Ottomans defeat the French at Malta.
  The British replace Persian with English in the higher courts in India.
1837 : 1253 AH
  Sanusiya Sufi brotherhood is founded in North Africa.
1838 : 1254 AH
  British invasion of Afghanistan ends in failure.
1839 : 1255 AH
  Abdul Mecit I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Beginning of Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire.
1840 : 1256 AH
  France starts colonization of Algeria.
1846 : 1262 AH
  The Bank Act of 1846 in England confers legal recognition on the negotiability of credit documents.
1848 : 1264 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah ascends the throne of Persia.
1850 : 1266 AH
  The Bahai schism starts in Persia.
1851 : 1267 AH
  The British build a railroad linking Alexandria with Suez (1851-54).
1853 : 1269 AH
  The Tijaniya Sufi brotherhood is established in West Africa.
  Beginning of the Crimean War. Britain and France support the Ottomans against Russia.
 

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1854 : 1270 AH
  Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt grants a concession to French Engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps to build the Suez Canal. Egypt borrows funds from international bankers to complete the canal.
  The Ottomans take their first loan from international bankers.
1856 : 1272 AH
  End of the Crimean war between Russia and the Ottomans.
1857 : 1273 AH
  The Sepoy Uprising in India. After initial successes, the Uprising is crushed by the British. End of Moghul rule. The British exile the last Moghul Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon, Burma.
1858 : 1274 AH
  The Russians capture Imam Shamil, Naqshbandi Imam in Daghestan. End of Muslim resistance in Chechnya and Daghestan.
1859 : 1275 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Sanusi, Reformer, Sufi Shaykh of Libya.
1860 : 1276 AH
  Alhajj Omar resists French colonization in Sene-Gambia.
1861 : 1277 AH
  American Civil War (1861-65). The price of Egyptian cotton soars in world markets.
1863 : 1280 AH
  Abraham Lincoln proclaims the abolition of slavery.
1869 : 1286 AH
  The Suez Canal opens with much fanfare.
  The price of Egyptian cotton drops precipitously. Egyptian public debt mounts.
  Tunisia falters on debt payments to European bankers. The International Debt Commission for Tunisia assumes control over Tunisian finances.
1871 : 1288 AH
  A unified Germany emerges as the most powerful continental power in Europe.
1873 : 1290 AH
  The Dutch capture the Kingdom of Acheh in Sumatra. Beginning of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.
1874 : 1291 AH
  Syed Ahmed Khan founds the Aligarh College in India.
1875 : 1292 AH
  Egypt sells off its share in the Suez Canal Company to the British to partially offset its debts.
1876 : 1293 AH
  Abdul Hamid II becomes the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph. He starts consolidation of ties with Muslim peoples worldwide.
  Egypt falters on debt payments. Britain and France appoint a Commission on Egyptian Public Debt with the power to confiscate revenues.
 

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1877 : 1294 AH
  Russia invades the Ottoman Empire (1877-78). Russian troops advance to within ten miles of Istanbul and dictate capitulation terms to the Turks at the Treaty of San Stefano.
1878 : 1295 AH
  Egypt is forced by Britain and France to accept international control over her finances.
  Treaty of Berlin results in effective dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
  Britain occupies Cyprus.
1879 : 1296 AH
  Britain and France force Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt to abdicate in favor of his son Tawfiq Pasha. Sultan Abdul Hamid acquiesces in the abdication.
1880 : 1297 AH
  The French, in violation of the Treaty of Berlin, occupy Tunisia and declare it a “protectorate”.
1881 : 1298 AH
  Egyptian nationalists under Ahmed Torabi Pasha stage protests against foreign control.
1882 : 1299 AH
  The British bombard Alexandria into submission, defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Tel el Kabir and occupy Cairo.
  The Mahdi seizes Khartoum and establishes a Caliphate in the Sudan.
1885 : 1302 AH
  The British storm Khartoum. Death of al Mahdi of the Sudan.
  An Englishman, Allan Hume, founds the Indian National Congress.
1888 : 1305 AH
  Ghulam Mirza Ahmed starts the Ahmadiya schism in Punjab, India. The movement draws strong opposition from the ulema.
1891 : 1308 AH
  The Tobacco Concession touches off an uproar in Persia. Peaceful boycott of tobacco, under a fatwa from Hajji Mirza Hassan Shirazi, forces the Shah to rescind the Concession.
1896 : 1314 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah of Persia is assassinated.
1901 : 1319 AH
  Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Riyadh.
1906 : 1324 AH
  All India Muslim League is founded.
1907 : 1325 AH
  Death of Muzaffaruddin Shah of Persia. His son Muhammed Ali Mirza becomes the Shah. The first Majlis is elected in Persia.
  The Young Turks Movement in Turkey gathers momentum.
1908 : 1326 AH
  Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  Constitutional revolution in Persia. Muhammed Ali Shah of Persia is deposed. His young son Ahmed Mirza becomes the Shah.
1909 : 1327 AH
  Sultan Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks.
  Mehmet V becomes the Sultan.
1911 : 1329 AH
  The Sanusi brotherhood resists the Italian invasion of Libya.
1912 : 1330 AH
  Muhammadiya movement is organized in Indonesia.
  Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1913 : 1331 AH
  The Balkan war begins. Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria invade Ottoman territories. Albania becomes independent. The Ottomans are forced to withdraw from most of the Balkans.
1914 : 1332 AH
  A Serb in Sarajevo murders Prince Francis Ferdinand of Austria. Austria declares war on Serbia.
  Russia declares war on Austria.
  Germany declares war on Russia.
  France and England declare war on Germany.
  The Triple Entente powers (Britain, France and Russia) declare war on the Ottomans.
  Beginning of World War I.
 

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1915 : 1333 AH
  The Ottomans contain British advances in Iraq and beat back attempts to capture Baghdad and Istanbul.
1916 : 1334 AH
  The British promise to set up a unified Arab state.
  Sharif Hussain declares himself king of Hejaz, attacks Ottoman garrisons in Arabia.
  Lawrence of Arabia, a British intelligence officer, works with the Arabs.
  The Sykes-Picot agreement divides up the Ottoman territories between England, France, Russia, Greece and Italy.
1917 : 1335 AH
  Anglo Indian troops under Allenby capture Baghdad and Jerusalem.
  The Balfour Declaration promises to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  The French take Beirut.
  Germany releases the Bolshevik leader Lenin to pressure Russia to drop out of the War.
  The United States enters the War.
  The Russian army begins to collapse on the western front. The October Revolution brings the Bolsheviks to power. Russia pulls out of the War.
1918 : 1336 AH
  Mehmet VI becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Damascus falls to British Forces.
  Germany and the Ottoman Empire capitulate. End of World War I.
  The Wafd movement starts in Egypt.
1919 : 1337 AH
  The victorious allies partition the Ottoman Empire.
  Greece invades Anatolia.
1920 : 1338 AH
  French mandate over Syria.
  British mandate over Iraq and Palestine.
  The Greeks capture Alashehir, Bahkesir, Bandarma and Bursa.
  The Turks stop the Greeks at the Battle of Ankara.
1921 : 1339 AH
  The British appoint Abdullah, son of Sharif Hussain, as emir of Trans Jordan.
  Faisal, another son of Hussain, is appointed emir of Iraq.
  The Turks are victorious over the Greeks at the Battle of the Sakarya River. Greece retreats from Anatolia.
1922 : 1340 AH
  Abdul Mecit II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Mustafa Kemal becomes President of the Republic of Turkey.
1924 : 1342 AH
  The Turkish National Assembly abolishes the Caliphate
 

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1927 : 1345 AH
  Tablighi Jamaat reform movement founded in India
1928 : 1346 AH
  Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brothers) founded in Egypt
1941 : 1360 AH
  Jamaat-i Islami reform movement founded in Lahore, India
1945 : 1364 AH
  Indonesia becomes independent republic
  Islam spreads to the West with mass migrations from Asia, Africa and India
1947 : 1366 AH
  Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
1957 : 1376 AH
  Independent Malayan state established with Islam as the official religion but guaranteed tolerance
1960 : 1379 AH
  Familes from SE Asia and North Africa emigrate to Europe and the Americas
1979 : 1399 AH
  Shah of Iran is overthrown by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni, who establishes strict fundamentalist rule of Shi'a principles
1990 : 1410 AH 
  Taliban come to power in Afghanistan
2001 : 1422 AH 
  Muslim extremists attack the United States 
2003 : 1424 AH     
  Saddam Hussien ousted by Western forces     
 

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Miracle : Quiz
Mukjizat : Kuiz

            

HR Muslim

إِذَا مَاتَ الْإِنْسَانُ

انْقَطَعَ عَمَلُهُ إِلَّا مِنْ ثَلَاثَةٍ

مِنْ صَدَقَةٍ جَارِيَةٍ

وَعِلْمٍ يُنْتَفَعُ بِهِ

وَوَلَدٍ صَالِحٍ يَدْعُو لَهُ

Translation                   

Jika seseorang meninggal dunia, maka terputuslah amalannya kecuali tiga perkara (yaitu): sedekah jariyah, ilmu yang dimanfaatkan, atau do’a anak yang sholeh

(HR. Muslim no. 1631)

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Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

When a man dies, his acts come to an end, but three, recurring charity, or knowledge (by which people) benefit, or a pious son, who prays for him (for the deceased).

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَعِيدٍ - وَابْنُ حُجْرٍ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، - هُوَ ابْنُ جَعْفَرٍ - عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا مَاتَ الإِنْسَانُ انْقَطَعَ عَنْهُ عَمَلُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ ثَلاَثَةٍ إِلاَّ مِنْ صَدَقَةٍ جَارِيَةٍ أَوْ عِلْمٍ يُنْتَفَعُ بِهِ أَوْ وَلَدٍ صَالِحٍ يَدْعُو لَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Reference  : Sahih Muslim 1631
In-book reference  : Book 25, Hadith 20
USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Book 13, Hadith 4005
  (deprecated numbering scheme)

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