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1. Al-Fatihah (1) 2. Al-Baqarah (2) 3. Al-Baqarah (2) 4.         " 5.         " 6.         " 7.         " 8.         " 9.         " 10.         " 11.         " 12.         " 13.         " 14.         " 15.         " 16.         " 17.         " 18.         " 19.         " 20.         " 21.         " 22.         " 23.         " 24.         " 25.         " 26.         " 27.         " 28.         " 29.         " 30.         " 31.         " 32.         " 33.         " 34.         " 35.         " 36.         " 37.         " 38.         " 39.         " 40.         " 41.         " 42.         " 43.         " 44.         " 45.         " 46.         " 47.         " 48.         " 49.         " 50. Ali Imran (3)

 

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51. Ali Imran (3) 52. Ali Imran (3) 53.         " 54.         " 55.         " 56.         " 57.         " 58.         " 59.         " 60.         " 61.         " 62.         " 63.         " 64.         " 65.         " 66.         " 67.         " 68.         " 69.         " 70.         " 71.         " 72.         " 73.         " 74.         " 75.         " 76.         " 77. An-Nisa' (4) 78. An-Nisa' (4) 79.         " 80.         " 81.         " 82.         " 83.         " 84.         " 85.         " 86.         " 87.         " 88.         " 89.         " 90.         " 91.         " 92.         " 93.         " 94.         " 95.         " 96.         " 97.         " 98.         " 99.         " 100.         "

 

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101. An-Nisaa' 102. An-Nisaa' 103.         " 104.         " 105.         " 106. Al-Maa'idah (5) 107. Al-Maa'idah 108.         " 109.         " 110.         " 111.         " 112.         " 113.         " 114.         " 115.         " 116.         " 117.         " 118.         " 119.         " 120.         " 121.         " 122.         " 123.         " 124.         " 125.         " 126.         " 127.         " 128. Al-An'aam (6) 129. Al-An'aam 130.         " 131.         " 132.         " 133.         " 134.         " 135.         " 136.         " 137.         " 138.         " 139.         " 140.         " 141.         " 142.         " 143.         " 144.         " 145.         " 146.         " 147.         " 148.         " 149.         " 150.         "

 

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151. Al-A'raaf (7) 152. Surah Al-A'raaf 153.         " 154.         " 155.         " 156.         " 157.         " 158.         " 159.         " 160.         " 161.         " 162.         " 163.         " 164.         " 165.         " 166.         " 167.         " 168.         " 169.         " 170.         " 171.         " 172.         " 173.         " 174.         " 175.         " 176.         " 177. Al-Anfaal (8) 178. Surah Al-Anfaal 179.         " 180.         " 181.         " 182.         " 183.         " 184.         " 185.         " 186.         " 187. At-Taubah (9) 188. Surah At-Taubah 189.         " 190.         " 191.         " 192.         " 193.         " 194.         " 195.         " 196.         " 197.         " 198.         " 199.         " 200.         "

 

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201. At-Taubah 202. At-Taubah 203.         " 204.         " 205.         " 206.         " 207.         " 208. Yunus (10) 209. Yunus 210.         " 211.         " 212.         " 213.         " 214.         " 215.         " 216.         " 217.         " 218.         " 219.         " 220.         " 221. Hud (11) 222. Hud 223.         " 224.         " 225.         " 226.         " 227.         " 228.         " 229.         " 230.         " 231.         " 232.         " 233.         " 234.         " 235. Yusuf (12) 236. Yusuf 237.         " 238.         " 239.         " 240.         " 241.         " 242.         " 243.         " 244.         " 245.         " 246.         " 247.         " 248.         " 249. Ar-Ra'd (13) 250. Ar-Ra'd

 

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251. Ar-Ra'd 252. Ar-Ra'd 253.         " 254.         " 255. Ibrahim (14) 256. Ibrahim 257.         " 258.         " 259.         " 260.         " 261.         " 262. Al-Hijr (15) 263. Al-Hijr 264.         " 265.         " 266.         " 267. Al-Nahl (16) 268. Al-Nahl 269.         " 270.         " 271.         " 272.         " 273.         " 274.         " 275.         " 276.         " 277.         " 278.         " 279.         " 280.         " 281.         " 282. Al-Israa' (17) 283. Al-Israa' 284.         " 285.         " 286.         " 287.         " 288.         " 289.         " 290.         " 291.         " 292.         " 293. Al-Kahfi (18) 294. Al-Kahfi 295.         " 296.         " 297.         " 298.         " 299.         " 300.         "

 

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301. Al-Kahfi 302. Al-Kahfi 303.         " 304.         " 305. Maryam (19) 306. Maryam 307.         " 308.         " 309.         " 310.         " 311.         " 312. Taha (20) 313. Taha 314.         " 315.         " 316.         " 317.         " 318.         " 319.         " 320.         " 321.         " 322. Al-Anbiyaa' (21) 323. Al-Anbiyaa' 324.         " 325.         " 326.         " 327.         " 328.         " 329.         " 330.         " 331.         " 332. Al-Hajj (22) 333. Al-Hajj 334.         " 335.         " 336.         " 337.         " 338.         " 339.         " 340.         " 341.         " 342. Al-Mu'minuun (23) 343. Al-Mu'minuun 344.         " 345.         " 346.         " 347.         " 348.         " 349.         " 350. An-Nuur (24)

 

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351. An-Nuur (24) 352. An-Nuur (24) 353.         " 354.         " 355.         " 356.         " 357.         " 358.         " 359. Al-Furqaan (25) 360. Al-Furqaan (25) 361.         " 362.         " 363.         " 364.         " 365.         " 366.         " 367. Asy-Syu'araa' (26) 368. Asy-Syu'araa' 369.         " 370.         " 371.         " 372.         " 373.         " 374.         " 375.         " 376.         " 377. An-Naml (27) 378. An-Naml 379.         " 380.         " 381.         " 382.         " 383.         " 384.         " 385. Al-Qasas (28) 386. Al-Qasas 387.         " 388.         " 389.         " 390.         " 391.         " 392.         " 393.         " 394.         " 395.         " 396. Al-'Ankabuut (29) 397. Al-'Ankabuut 398.         " 399.         " 400.         "

 

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401. Al-'Ankabut 402. Al-'Ankabut 403.         " 404. Ar-Rum (30) 405. Ar-Rum 406.         " 407.         " 408.         " 409.         " 410.         " 411. Luqman (31) 412. Luqman 413.         " 414.         " 415. As-Sajdah (32) 416. As-Sajdah 417.         " 418. Al-Ahzab (33) 419. Al-Ahzab 420.         " 421.         " 422.         " 423.         " 424.         " 425.         " 426.         " 427.         " 428. Saba' (34) 429. Saba' 430.         " 431.         " 432.         " 433.         " 434. Faatir (35) 435. Faatir 436.         " 437.         " 438.         " 439.         " 440. Ya Siin (36) 441. Ya Siin 442.         " 443.         " 444.         " 445.         " 446. As-Saaffaat (37) 447. As-Saaffaat 448.         " 449.         " 450.         "

 

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451. As-Saaffaat 452. As-Saaffaat 453. Saad (38) 454. Saad 455.         " 456.         " 457.         " 458. Az-Zumar (39) 459. Az-Zumar 460.         " 461.         " 462.         " 463.         " 464.         " 465.         " 466.         " 467. Ghaafir (40) 468. Ghaafir 469.         " 470.         " 471.         " 472.         " 473.         " 474.         " 475.         " 476.         " 477. Fussilat (41) 478. Fussilat 479.         " 480.         " 481.         " 482.         " 483. Asy-Syuura (42) 484. Asy-Syuura 485.         " 486.         " 487.         " 488.         " 489. Az-Zukhruf (43) 490. Az-Zukhruf 491.         " 492.         " 493.         " 494.         " 495.         " 496. Ad-Dukhaan (44) 497. Ad-Dukhaan 498.         " 499. Al-Jaathiyah (45) 500. Al-Jaathiyah

 

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501. Al-Jaathiyah 502. Al-Ahqaaf (46) 503. Al-Ahqaaf 504.         " 505.         " 506.         " 507. Muhammad (47) 508. Muhammad 509.         " 510.         " 511. Al-Fat-h (48) 512. Al-Fat-h 513.         " 514.         " 515. Al-Hujuraat (49) 516. Al-Hujuraat 517.         " 518. Qaaf (50) 519. Qaaf 520. Adz-Dzaariyaat (51) 521. Adz-Dzaariyaat 522.         " 523. At-Tuur (52) 524. At-Tuur 525.         " 526. An-Najm (53) 527. An-Najm 528. Al-Qamar (54) 529. Al-Qamar 530.         " 531. Ar-Rahmaan (55) 532. Ar-Rahmaan 533.         " 534. Al-Waaqi'ah (56) 535. Al-Waaqi'ah 536.         " 537. Al-Hadiid (57) 538. Al-Hadiid 539.         " 540.         " 541.         " 542. Al-Mujaadalah (58) 543. Al-Mujaadalah 544.         " 545. Al-Hasy-r (59) 546. Al-Hasy-r 547.         " 548.         " 549. Al-Mumtahanah (60) 550. Al-Mumtahanah

 

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551. As-Soff (61) 552. As-Soff 553. Al-Jumu'ah (62) 554. Al-Munafiqun (63) 555. Al-Munafiqun (63) 556. At-Taghobun (64) 557. At-Taghobun (64) 558. At-Tolaaq (65) 559. At-Tolaaq (65) 560. At-Tahrim (66) 561. At-Tahrim (66) 562. Al-Mulk (67) 563. Al-Mulk (67) 564. Al-Qolam (68) 565. Al-Qolam (68) 566. Al-Haaqqah (69) 567. Al-Haaqqah (69) 568. Al-Ma'arij (70) 569. Al-Ma'arij (70) 570. Nuh (71) 571. Nuh (71) 572. Al-Jinn (72) 573. Al-Jinn (72) 574. Al-Muzzammil (73) 575. Al-Muddassir (74) 576. Al-Muddassir (74) 577. Al-Qiyamah (75) 578. Al-Insaan (76) 579. Al-Insaan (76) 580. Al-Mursalat (77) 581. Al-Mursalat 582. An-Naba' (78) 583. An-Nazi'aat (79) 584. An-Nazi'aat 585. 'Abasa (80) 586. At-Takwir (81) 587. Al-Infithor (82) 588. Al-Muthoffifin 589. Al-Insyiqaq (84) 590. Al-Buruj (85) 591. At-Thoriq (86) 592. Al-Ghosyiah (88) 593. Al-Fajr (89) 594. Al-Balad (90) 595. Asy-Syams (91) 596. Ad-Dhuha (93) 597. At-Tin (95) 598. Al-Qadr (97) 599. Az-Zalzalah (99) 600. Al-Qori'ah (101) 601. Al-'Asr (103) 602. Quraisy (106) 603. Al-Kafirun (109) 604. Al-Ikhlas (112)

 

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88 - Al-Ghosyiah

  ISLAM : Misunderstood   more 

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1. TAJWEED : TARANNUM

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2.TRANSLATIONS : COMMENTARIES

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A....ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar   تفسير المیسر

B....ENGLISH

Saheeh International

C.....MALAY

Basmeih

D.....CHINESE

Ma Jian

E......ARABIC : ENGLISH : MALAY : CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar  تفسير المیسر : Saheeh International : Basmeih : Ma Jian

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Celik Tafsir
Surah 088: al-Ghasyihah

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A.....ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar :  تفسير المیسر

١٦  بَلْ تُؤْثِرُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

١٦  إنكم -أيها الناس- تفضِّلون زينة الحياة الدنيا على نعيم الآخرة.

١٧  وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ

١٧  والدار الآخرة بما فيها من النعيم المقيم، خير من الدنيا وأبقى.

١٨  إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَفِي الصُّحُفِ الْأُولَىٰ

١٨  إن ما أخبرتم به في هذه السورة هو مما ثبت معناه في الصُّحف التي أنزلت قبل القرآن، وهي صُحف إبراهيم وموسى عليهما السلام.

١٩  صُحُفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَىٰ

١٩  إن ما أخبرتم به في هذه السورة هو مما ثبت معناه في الصُّحف التي أنزلت قبل القرآن، وهي صُحف إبراهيم وموسى عليهما السلام.

-----------------------------------------

سورة الغاشية

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

١  هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ

١  هل أتاك -أيها الرسول- خبر القيامة التي تغشى الناس بأهوالها؟

٢  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَاشِعَةٌ

٢  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

٣  عَامِلَةٌ نَاصِبَةٌ

٣  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

٤  تَصْلَىٰ نَارًا حَامِيَةً

٤  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

٥  تُسْقَىٰ مِنْ عَيْنٍ آنِيَةٍ

٥  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

٦  لَيْسَ لَهُمْ طَعَامٌ إِلَّا مِنْ ضَرِيعٍ

٦  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

٧  لَا يُسْمِنُ وَلَا يُغْنِي مِنْ جُوعٍ

٧  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

٨  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاعِمَةٌ

٨  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

٩  لِسَعْيِهَا رَاضِيَةٌ

٩  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

١٠  فِي جَنَّةٍ عَالِيَةٍ

١٠  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

١١  لَا تَسْمَعُ فِيهَا لَاغِيَةً

١١  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

١٢  فِيهَا عَيْنٌ جَارِيَةٌ

١٢  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

١٣  فِيهَا سُرُرٌ مَرْفُوعَةٌ

١٣  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

١٤  وَأَكْوَابٌ مَوْضُوعَةٌ

١٤  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

١٥  وَنَمَارِقُ مَصْفُوفَةٌ

١٥  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

١٦  وَزَرَابِيُّ مَبْثُوثَةٌ

١٦  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

١٧  أَفَلَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ

١٧  أفلا ينظر الكافرون المكذِّبون إلى الإبل: كيف خُلِقَت هذا الخلق العجيب؟ وإلى السماء كيف رُفِعَت هذا الرَّفع البديع؟ وإلى الجبال كيف نُصبت، فحصل بها الثبات للأرض والاستقرار؟ وإلى الأرض كيف بُسِطت ومُهِّدت؟

١٨  وَإِلَى السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ رُفِعَتْ

١٨  أفلا ينظر الكافرون المكذِّبون إلى الإبل: كيف خُلِقَت هذا الخلق العجيب؟ وإلى السماء كيف رُفِعَت هذا الرَّفع البديع؟ وإلى الجبال كيف نُصبت، فحصل بها الثبات للأرض والاستقرار؟ وإلى الأرض كيف بُسِطت ومُهِّدت؟

١٩  وَإِلَى الْجِبَالِ كَيْفَ نُصِبَتْ

١٩  أفلا ينظر الكافرون المكذِّبون إلى الإبل: كيف خُلِقَت هذا الخلق العجيب؟ وإلى السماء كيف رُفِعَت هذا الرَّفع البديع؟ وإلى الجبال كيف نُصبت، فحصل بها الثبات للأرض والاستقرار؟ وإلى الأرض كيف بُسِطت ومُهِّدت؟

٢٠  وَإِلَى الْأَرْضِ كَيْفَ سُطِحَتْ

٢٠  أفلا ينظر الكافرون المكذِّبون إلى الإبل: كيف خُلِقَت هذا الخلق العجيب؟ وإلى السماء كيف رُفِعَت هذا الرَّفع البديع؟ وإلى الجبال كيف نُصبت، فحصل بها الثبات للأرض والاستقرار؟ وإلى الأرض كيف بُسِطت ومُهِّدت؟

٢١  فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُذَكِّرٌ

٢١  فعِظْ -أيها الرسول- المعرضين بما أُرْسِلْتَ به إليهم، ولا تحزن على إعراضهم، إنما أنت واعظ لهم، ليس عليك إكراههم على الإيمان.

٢٢  لَسْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِمُصَيْطِرٍ

٢٢  فعِظْ -أيها الرسول- المعرضين بما أُرْسِلْتَ به إليهم، ولا تحزن على إعراضهم، إنما أنت واعظ لهم، ليس عليك إكراههم على الإيمان.

٢٣  إِلَّا مَنْ تَوَلَّىٰ وَكَفَرَ

٢٣  لكن الذي أعرض عن التذكير والموعظة وأصرَّ على كفره، فيعذبه الله العذاب الشديد في النار.

٢٤  فَيُعَذِّبُهُ اللَّهُ الْعَذَابَ الْأَكْبَرَ

٢٤  لكن الذي أعرض عن التذكير والموعظة وأصرَّ على كفره، فيعذبه الله العذاب الشديد في النار.

٢٥  إِنَّ إِلَيْنَا إِيَابَهُمْ

٢٥  إنَّ إلينا مرجعهم بعد الموت، ثم إن علينا جزاءهم على ما عملوا.

٢٦  ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا حِسَابَهُمْ

٢٦  إنَّ إلينا مرجعهم بعد الموت، ثم إن علينا جزاءهم على ما عملوا.

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B....ENGLISH

Saheeh International

١٦  بَلْ تُؤْثِرُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

16  But you prefer the worldly life,

١٧  وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ

17  While the Hereafter is better and more enduring.

١٨  إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَفِي الصُّحُفِ الْأُولَىٰ

18  Indeed, this is in the former scriptures,

١٩  صُحُفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَىٰ

19  The scriptures of Abraham and Moses.

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سورة الغاشية

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

١  هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ

1  Has there reached you the report of the Overwhelming [event]?

٢  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَاشِعَةٌ

2  [Some] faces, that Day, will be humbled,

٣  عَامِلَةٌ نَاصِبَةٌ

3  Working [hard] and exhausted.

٤  تَصْلَىٰ نَارًا حَامِيَةً

4  They will [enter to] burn in an intensely hot Fire.

٥  تُسْقَىٰ مِنْ عَيْنٍ آنِيَةٍ

5  They will be given drink from a boiling spring.

٦  لَيْسَ لَهُمْ طَعَامٌ إِلَّا مِنْ ضَرِيعٍ

6  For them there will be no food except from a poisonous, thorny plant

٧  لَا يُسْمِنُ وَلَا يُغْنِي مِنْ جُوعٍ

7  Which neither nourishes nor avails against hunger.

٨  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاعِمَةٌ

8  [Other] faces, that Day, will show pleasure.

٩  لِسَعْيِهَا رَاضِيَةٌ

9  With their effort [they are] satisfied

١٠  فِي جَنَّةٍ عَالِيَةٍ

10  In an elevated garden,

١١  لَا تَسْمَعُ فِيهَا لَاغِيَةً

11  Wherein they will hear no unsuitable speech.

١٢  فِيهَا عَيْنٌ جَارِيَةٌ

12  Within it is a flowing spring.

١٣  فِيهَا سُرُرٌ مَرْفُوعَةٌ

13  Within it are couches raised high

١٤  وَأَكْوَابٌ مَوْضُوعَةٌ

14  And cups put in place

١٥  وَنَمَارِقُ مَصْفُوفَةٌ

15  And cushions lined up

١٦  وَزَرَابِيُّ مَبْثُوثَةٌ

16  And carpets spread around.

١٧  أَفَلَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ

17  Then do they not look at the camels - how they are created?

١٨  وَإِلَى السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ رُفِعَتْ

18  And at the sky - how it is raised?

١٩  وَإِلَى الْجِبَالِ كَيْفَ نُصِبَتْ

19  And at the mountains - how they are erected?

٢٠  وَإِلَى الْأَرْضِ كَيْفَ سُطِحَتْ

20  And at the earth - how it is spread out?

٢١  فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُذَكِّرٌ

21  So remind, [O Muhammad]; you are only a reminder.

٢٢  لَسْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِمُصَيْطِرٍ

22  You are not over them a controller.

٢٣  إِلَّا مَنْ تَوَلَّىٰ وَكَفَرَ

23  However, he who turns away and disbelieves -

٢٤  فَيُعَذِّبُهُ اللَّهُ الْعَذَابَ الْأَكْبَرَ

24  Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment.

٢٥  إِنَّ إِلَيْنَا إِيَابَهُمْ

25  Indeed, to Us is their return.

٢٦  ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا حِسَابَهُمْ

26  Then indeed, upon Us is their account.

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C.....MALAY

Basmeih

١٦  بَلْ تُؤْثِرُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

16  (Tetapi kebanyakkan kamu tidak melakukan yang demikian), bahkan kamu utamakan kehidupan dunia;

١٧  وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ

17  Padahal kehidupan akhirat lebih baik dan lebih kekal.

١٨  إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَفِي الصُّحُفِ الْأُولَىٰ

18  Sesungguhnya (keterangan-keterangan yang dinyatakan) ini ada (disebutkan) di dalam Kitab-kitab yang terdahulu, -

١٩  صُحُفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَىٰ

19  Iaitu Kitab-kitab Nabi Ibrahim dan Nabi Musa.

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سورة الغاشية

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

١  هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ

1  Sudahkah sampai kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) perihal hari kiamat yang huru-haranya meliputi?

٢  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَاشِعَةٌ

2  Muka (orang-orang yang kafir) pada hari itu tunduk kerana merasa hina,

٣  عَامِلَةٌ نَاصِبَةٌ

3  Mereka menjalankan kerja yang berat lagi berpenat lelah,

٤  تَصْلَىٰ نَارًا حَامِيَةً

4  Mereka tetap menderita bakaran neraka yang amat panas (membakar), -

٥  تُسْقَىٰ مِنْ عَيْنٍ آنِيَةٍ

5  Mereka diberi minum dari matair yang menggelegak panasnya.

٦  لَيْسَ لَهُمْ طَعَامٌ إِلَّا مِنْ ضَرِيعٍ

6  Tiada makanan bagi mereka (di situ) selain dari pokok-pokok yang berduri,

٧  لَا يُسْمِنُ وَلَا يُغْنِي مِنْ جُوعٍ

7  Yang tidak menggemokkan, dan tidak pula dapat menghilangkan sedikit kelaparan pun.

٨  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاعِمَةٌ

8  (Sebaliknya) muka (orang-orang yang beriman) pada hari itu berseri-seri,

٩  لِسَعْيِهَا رَاضِيَةٌ

9  Berpuas hati dengan balasan amal usahanya (yang baik yang telah dikerjakannya di dunia), -

١٠  فِي جَنَّةٍ عَالِيَةٍ

10  (Mereka tinggal menetap) di dalam Syurga tinggi (tempat kedudukannya darjatnya),

١١  لَا تَسْمَعُ فِيهَا لَاغِيَةً

11  Mereka tidak mendengar di situ sebarang perkataan yang sia-sia,

١٢  فِيهَا عَيْنٌ جَارِيَةٌ

12  Di dalam Syurga itu ada matair yang mengalir,

١٣  فِيهَا سُرُرٌ مَرْفُوعَةٌ

13  Di situ juga ada pelamin-pelamin (berhias) yang tinggi (tempatnya),

١٤  وَأَكْوَابٌ مَوْضُوعَةٌ

14  Dan piala-piala minuman yang disediakan (untuk mereka),

١٥  وَنَمَارِقُ مَصْفُوفَةٌ

15  Dan bantal-bantal yang teratur (untuk mereka berbaring atau bersandar),

١٦  وَزَرَابِيُّ مَبْثُوثَةٌ

16  Serta hamparan-hamparan yang terbentang.

١٧  أَفَلَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ

17  (Mengapa mereka yang kafir masih mengingkari akhirat) tidakkah mereka memperhatikan keadaan unta bagaimana ia diciptakan?

١٨  وَإِلَى السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ رُفِعَتْ

18  Dan keadaan langit bagaimana ia ditinggikan binaannya.?

١٩  وَإِلَى الْجِبَالِ كَيْفَ نُصِبَتْ

19  Dan keadaan gunung-ganang bagaimana ia ditegakkan?

٢٠  وَإِلَى الْأَرْضِ كَيْفَ سُطِحَتْ

20  Dan keadaan bumi bagaimana ia dihamparkan?

٢١  فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُذَكِّرٌ

21  Oleh itu berikanlah sahaja peringatan (wahai Muhammad, kepada manusia, dan janganlah berdukacita kiranya ada yang menolaknya), kerana sesungguhnya engkau hanyalah seorang Rasul pemberi ingatan;

٢٢  لَسْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِمُصَيْطِرٍ

22  Bukanlah engkau seorang yang berkuasa memaksa mereka (menerima ajaran Islam yang engkau sampaikan itu).

٢٣  إِلَّا مَنْ تَوَلَّىٰ وَكَفَرَ

23  Akan tetapi sesiapa yang berpaling (dari kebenaran) serta ia kufur ingkar, -

٢٤  فَيُعَذِّبُهُ اللَّهُ الْعَذَابَ الْأَكْبَرَ

24  Maka Allah akan menyeksanya dengan azab seksa yang sebesar-besarnya.

٢٥  إِنَّ إِلَيْنَا إِيَابَهُمْ

25  Sesungguhnya kepada Kamilah kembalinya mereka,

٢٦  ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا حِسَابَهُمْ

26  Selain dari itu, sesungguhnya tanggungan Kamilah soal menghitung amal mereka.

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D.....CHINESE

Ma Jian

١٦  بَلْ تُؤْثِرُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

16  不然,你们却选择今世的生活;

١٧  وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ

17  其实,後世是更好的,是更久长的。

١٨  إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَفِي الصُّحُفِ الْأُولَىٰ

18  这确是载在古经典中的,

١٩  صُحُفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَىٰ

19  载在易卜拉欣和穆萨的经典中的。

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سورة الغاشية

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ

1  大灾的消息,确已降临你了,

٢  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَاشِعَةٌ

2  在那日,将有许多人,是恭敬的、

٣  عَامِلَةٌ نَاصِبَةٌ

3  劳动的、辛苦的,

٤  تَصْلَىٰ نَارًا حَامِيَةً

4  他们将入烈火,

٥  تُسْقَىٰ مِنْ عَيْنٍ آنِيَةٍ

5  将饮沸泉,

٦  لَيْسَ لَهُمْ طَعَامٌ إِلَّا مِنْ ضَرِيعٍ

6  他们没有食物,但有荆棘,

٧  لَا يُسْمِنُ وَلَا يُغْنِي مِنْ جُوعٍ

7  既不能肥人,又不能充饥;

٨  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاعِمَةٌ

8  在那日,将有许多人,是享福的,

٩  لِسَعْيِهَا رَاضِيَةٌ

9  是为其劳绩而愉快的,

١٠  فِي جَنَّةٍ عَالِيَةٍ

10  他们将在崇高的乐园中,

١١  لَا تَسْمَعُ فِيهَا لَاغِيَةً

11  听不到恶言,

١٢  فِيهَا عَيْنٌ جَارِيَةٌ

12  里面有流泉,

١٣  فِيهَا سُرُرٌ مَرْفُوعَةٌ

13  里面有高榻,

١٤  وَأَكْوَابٌ مَوْضُوعَةٌ

14  有陈设著的杯盏,

١٥  وَنَمَارِقُ مَصْفُوفَةٌ

15  有排列著的靠枕,

١٦  وَزَرَابِيُّ مَبْثُوثَةٌ

16  有铺展开的绒毯。

١٧  أَفَلَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ

17  难道他们不观察吗?骆驼是怎样造成的,

١٨  وَإِلَى السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ رُفِعَتْ

18  天是怎样升高的,

١٩  وَإِلَى الْجِبَالِ كَيْفَ نُصِبَتْ

19  山峦是怎样竖起的,

٢٠  وَإِلَى الْأَرْضِ كَيْفَ سُطِحَتْ

20  大地是怎样展开的。

٢١  فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُذَكِّرٌ

21  你当教诲,你只是教诲(他们的),

٢٢  لَسْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِمُصَيْطِرٍ

22  你绝不是监察他们的,

٢٣  إِلَّا مَنْ تَوَلَّىٰ وَكَفَرَ

23  但谁转身离去而且不信道,

٢٤  فَيُعَذِّبُهُ اللَّهُ الْعَذَابَ الْأَكْبَرَ

24  真主将以最大的刑罚惩治谁。

٢٥  إِنَّ إِلَيْنَا إِيَابَهُمْ

25  他们必定只归於我,

٢٦  ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا حِسَابَهُمْ

26  他们的稽核,必定由我负责。

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١٦  بَلْ تُؤْثِرُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

١٦  إنكم -أيها الناس- تفضِّلون زينة الحياة الدنيا على نعيم الآخرة.

16  But you prefer the worldly life,

16  (Tetapi kebanyakkan kamu tidak melakukan yang demikian), bahkan kamu utamakan kehidupan dunia;

16  不然,你们却选择今世的生活;

١٧  وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ

١٧  والدار الآخرة بما فيها من النعيم المقيم، خير من الدنيا وأبقى.

17  While the Hereafter is better and more enduring.

17  Padahal kehidupan akhirat lebih baik dan lebih kekal.

17  其实,後世是更好的,是更久长的。

١٨  إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَفِي الصُّحُفِ الْأُولَىٰ

١٨  إن ما أخبرتم به في هذه السورة هو مما ثبت معناه في الصُّحف التي أنزلت قبل القرآن، وهي صُحف إبراهيم وموسى عليهما السلام.

18  Indeed, this is in the former scriptures,

18  Sesungguhnya (keterangan-keterangan yang dinyatakan) ini ada (disebutkan) di dalam Kitab-kitab yang terdahulu, -

18  这确是载在古经典中的,

١٩  صُحُفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَىٰ

١٩  إن ما أخبرتم به في هذه السورة هو مما ثبت معناه في الصُّحف التي أنزلت قبل القرآن، وهي صُحف إبراهيم وموسى عليهما السلام.

19  The scriptures of Abraham and Moses.

19  Iaitu Kitab-kitab Nabi Ibrahim dan Nabi Musa.

19  载在易卜拉欣和穆萨的经典中的。

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سورة الغاشية

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ

١  هل أتاك -أيها الرسول- خبر القيامة التي تغشى الناس بأهوالها؟

1  Has there reached you the report of the Overwhelming [event]?

1  Sudahkah sampai kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) perihal hari kiamat yang huru-haranya meliputi?

1  大灾的消息,确已降临你了,

٢  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَاشِعَةٌ

٢  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

2  [Some] faces, that Day, will be humbled,

2  Muka (orang-orang yang kafir) pada hari itu tunduk kerana merasa hina,

2  在那日,将有许多人,是恭敬的、

٣  عَامِلَةٌ نَاصِبَةٌ

٣  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

3  Working [hard] and exhausted.

3  Mereka menjalankan kerja yang berat lagi berpenat lelah,

3  劳动的、辛苦的,

٤  تَصْلَىٰ نَارًا حَامِيَةً

٤  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

4  They will [enter to] burn in an intensely hot Fire.

4  Mereka tetap menderita bakaran neraka yang amat panas (membakar), -

4  他们将入烈火,

٥  تُسْقَىٰ مِنْ عَيْنٍ آنِيَةٍ

٥  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

5  They will be given drink from a boiling spring.

5  Mereka diberi minum dari matair yang menggelegak panasnya.

5  将饮沸泉,

٦  لَيْسَ لَهُمْ طَعَامٌ إِلَّا مِنْ ضَرِيعٍ

٦  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

6  For them there will be no food except from a poisonous, thorny plant

6  Tiada makanan bagi mereka (di situ) selain dari pokok-pokok yang berduri,

6  他们没有食物,但有荆棘,

٧  لَا يُسْمِنُ وَلَا يُغْنِي مِنْ جُوعٍ

٧  وجوه الكفار يومئذ ذليلة بالعذاب، مجهدة بالعمل متعبة، تصيبها نار شديدة التوهج، تُسقى من عين شديدة الحرارة. ليس لأصحاب النار طعام إلا من نبت ذي شوك لاصق بالأرض، وهو مِن شر الطعام وأخبثه، لا يُسْمن بدن صاحبه من الهُزال، ولا يسدُّ جوعه ورمقه.

7  Which neither nourishes nor avails against hunger.

7  Yang tidak menggemokkan, dan tidak pula dapat menghilangkan sedikit kelaparan pun.

7  既不能肥人,又不能充饥;

٨  وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاعِمَةٌ

٨  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

8  [Other] faces, that Day, will show pleasure.

8  (Sebaliknya) muka (orang-orang yang beriman) pada hari itu berseri-seri,

8  在那日,将有许多人,是享福的,

٩  لِسَعْيِهَا رَاضِيَةٌ

٩  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

9  With their effort [they are] satisfied

9  Berpuas hati dengan balasan amal usahanya (yang baik yang telah dikerjakannya di dunia), -

9  是为其劳绩而愉快的,

١٠  فِي جَنَّةٍ عَالِيَةٍ

١٠  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

10  In an elevated garden,

10  (Mereka tinggal menetap) di dalam Syurga tinggi (tempat kedudukannya darjatnya),

10  他们将在崇高的乐园中,

١١  لَا تَسْمَعُ فِيهَا لَاغِيَةً

١١  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

11  Wherein they will hear no unsuitable speech.

11  Mereka tidak mendengar di situ sebarang perkataan yang sia-sia,

11  听不到恶言,

١٢  فِيهَا عَيْنٌ جَارِيَةٌ

١٢  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

12  Within it is a flowing spring.

12  Di dalam Syurga itu ada matair yang mengalir,

12  里面有流泉,

١٣  فِيهَا سُرُرٌ مَرْفُوعَةٌ

١٣  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

13  Within it are couches raised high

13  Di situ juga ada pelamin-pelamin (berhias) yang tinggi (tempatnya),

13  里面有高榻,

١٤  وَأَكْوَابٌ مَوْضُوعَةٌ

١٤  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

14  And cups put in place

14  Dan piala-piala minuman yang disediakan (untuk mereka),

14  有陈设著的杯盏,

١٥  وَنَمَارِقُ مَصْفُوفَةٌ

١٥  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

15  And cushions lined up

15  Dan bantal-bantal yang teratur (untuk mereka berbaring atau bersandar),

15  有排列著的靠枕,

١٦  وَزَرَابِيُّ مَبْثُوثَةٌ

١٦  وجوه المؤمنين يوم القيامة ذات نعمة؛ لسعيها في الدنيا بالطاعات راضية في الآخرة، في جنة رفيعة المكان والمكانة، لا تسمع فيها كلمة لغو واحدة، فيها عين تتدفق مياهها، فيها سرر عالية وأكواب معدة للشاربين، ووسائد مصفوفة، الواحدة جنب الأخرى، وبُسُط كثيرة مفروشة.

16  And carpets spread around.

16  Serta hamparan-hamparan yang terbentang.

16  有铺展开的绒毯。

١٧  أَفَلَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ

١٧  أفلا ينظر الكافرون المكذِّبون إلى الإبل: كيف خُلِقَت هذا الخلق العجيب؟ وإلى السماء كيف رُفِعَت هذا الرَّفع البديع؟ وإلى الجبال كيف نُصبت، فحصل بها الثبات للأرض والاستقرار؟ وإلى الأرض كيف بُسِطت ومُهِّدت؟

17  Then do they not look at the camels - how they are created?

17  (Mengapa mereka yang kafir masih mengingkari akhirat) tidakkah mereka memperhatikan keadaan unta bagaimana ia diciptakan?

17  难道他们不观察吗?骆驼是怎样造成的,

١٨  وَإِلَى السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ رُفِعَتْ

١٨  أفلا ينظر الكافرون المكذِّبون إلى الإبل: كيف خُلِقَت هذا الخلق العجيب؟ وإلى السماء كيف رُفِعَت هذا الرَّفع البديع؟ وإلى الجبال كيف نُصبت، فحصل بها الثبات للأرض والاستقرار؟ وإلى الأرض كيف بُسِطت ومُهِّدت؟

18  And at the sky - how it is raised?

18  Dan keadaan langit bagaimana ia ditinggikan binaannya.?

18  天是怎样升高的,

١٩  وَإِلَى الْجِبَالِ كَيْفَ نُصِبَتْ

١٩  أفلا ينظر الكافرون المكذِّبون إلى الإبل: كيف خُلِقَت هذا الخلق العجيب؟ وإلى السماء كيف رُفِعَت هذا الرَّفع البديع؟ وإلى الجبال كيف نُصبت، فحصل بها الثبات للأرض والاستقرار؟ وإلى الأرض كيف بُسِطت ومُهِّدت؟

19  And at the mountains - how they are erected?

19  Dan keadaan gunung-ganang bagaimana ia ditegakkan?

19  山峦是怎样竖起的,

٢٠  وَإِلَى الْأَرْضِ كَيْفَ سُطِحَتْ

٢٠  أفلا ينظر الكافرون المكذِّبون إلى الإبل: كيف خُلِقَت هذا الخلق العجيب؟ وإلى السماء كيف رُفِعَت هذا الرَّفع البديع؟ وإلى الجبال كيف نُصبت، فحصل بها الثبات للأرض والاستقرار؟ وإلى الأرض كيف بُسِطت ومُهِّدت؟

20  And at the earth - how it is spread out?

20  Dan keadaan bumi bagaimana ia dihamparkan?

20  大地是怎样展开的。

٢١  فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مُذَكِّرٌ

٢١  فعِظْ -أيها الرسول- المعرضين بما أُرْسِلْتَ به إليهم، ولا تحزن على إعراضهم، إنما أنت واعظ لهم، ليس عليك إكراههم على الإيمان.

21  So remind, [O Muhammad]; you are only a reminder.

21  Oleh itu berikanlah sahaja peringatan (wahai Muhammad, kepada manusia, dan janganlah berdukacita kiranya ada yang menolaknya), kerana sesungguhnya engkau hanyalah seorang Rasul pemberi ingatan;

21  你当教诲,你只是教诲(他们的),

٢٢  لَسْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِمُصَيْطِرٍ

٢٢  فعِظْ -أيها الرسول- المعرضين بما أُرْسِلْتَ به إليهم، ولا تحزن على إعراضهم، إنما أنت واعظ لهم، ليس عليك إكراههم على الإيمان.

22  You are not over them a controller.

22  Bukanlah engkau seorang yang berkuasa memaksa mereka (menerima ajaran Islam yang engkau sampaikan itu).

22  你绝不是监察他们的,

٢٣  إِلَّا مَنْ تَوَلَّىٰ وَكَفَرَ

٢٣  لكن الذي أعرض عن التذكير والموعظة وأصرَّ على كفره، فيعذبه الله العذاب الشديد في النار.

23  However, he who turns away and disbelieves -

23  Akan tetapi sesiapa yang berpaling (dari kebenaran) serta ia kufur ingkar, -

23  但谁转身离去而且不信道,

٢٤  فَيُعَذِّبُهُ اللَّهُ الْعَذَابَ الْأَكْبَرَ

٢٤  لكن الذي أعرض عن التذكير والموعظة وأصرَّ على كفره، فيعذبه الله العذاب الشديد في النار.

24  Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment.

24  Maka Allah akan menyeksanya dengan azab seksa yang sebesar-besarnya.

24  真主将以最大的刑罚惩治谁。

٢٥  إِنَّ إِلَيْنَا إِيَابَهُمْ

٢٥  إنَّ إلينا مرجعهم بعد الموت، ثم إن علينا جزاءهم على ما عملوا.

25  Indeed, to Us is their return.

25  Sesungguhnya kepada Kamilah kembalinya mereka,

25  他们必定只归於我,

٢٦  ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا حِسَابَهُمْ

٢٦  إنَّ إلينا مرجعهم بعد الموت، ثم إن علينا جزاءهم على ما عملوا.

26  Then indeed, upon Us is their account.

26  Selain dari itu, sesungguhnya tanggungan Kamilah soal menghitung amal mereka.

26  他们的稽核,必定由我负责。

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3. LEARN ARABIC : OTHER LANGUAGES


 

فعل

مجهول

مضارع

فعل

مجهول

ماض

فعل

معلوم

مضارع

فعل

معلوم

ماض

 

يُفْعَلُ

فُعِلَ

يَفْعَلُ

فَعَلَ

 I

يُفَعَّلُ

فُعِّلَ

يَفَعِّلُ

فَعَّلَ

II

يُفَاعَلُ

فُوْعِلَ

يُفَاعِلُ

فَاعَلَ

III

يُفْعَلُ

أُفْعِلَ

يُفْعِلُ

أَفْعَلَ

IV

يُتَفَعَّلُ

تُفُعِّلَ

يَتَفَعَّلُ

تَفَعَّلَ

V

يُتَفَاعَلُ

تُفُوعِلَ

يَتَفَاعَلُ

تَفَاعَلَ

VI

يُنْفَعَلُ

أُنْفُعِلَ

يَنْفَعِلُ

إِنْفَعَلَ

VII

يُفْتَعَلُ

أُفْتُعِلَ

يُفْتَعِلُ

إِفْتَعَلَ

VIII

يُفَعَّلُ

أُفْعِلَّ

يَفْعَلُّ

إِفْعَلَّ

IX

يُسْتَفْعَلُ

أُسْتُفْعِلَ

يَسْتَفْعِلُ

إِسْتَفْعَلَ

X

 

مصدر

فعل

النهي

فعل

الأمر

 

فَعْلٌ

لاَتَفْعَلْ

إِِفْعَلْ

 I

تَفْعِيْلٌ

لاَتُفَعِّلْ

فَعِّلْ

II

مُفَاعَلَةٌ

لاَتُفَاعِلْ

فَاعِلْ

III

إِفْعَالٌ

لاَتُفْعِلْ

أَفْعِلْ

IV

تَفَعُّلٌ

لاَتَتَفَعَّلْ

تَفَعَّلْ

V

تَفَاعُلٌ

لاَتَتَفَاعَلْ

تَفَاعَلْ

VI

إِنْفِعَالٌ

لاَتَنْفَعِلْ

إِنْفَعِلْ

VII

إِفْتِعَالٌ

لاَتَفْتَعِلْ

إِفْتَعِلْ

VIII

إِفْعِلاَلٌ

 

 

IX

إِسْتِفْعَالٌ

لاَتَسْتَفْعِلْ

إِسْتَفْعِلْ

X

 

إسم

الألة

إسم

المكن

الزمان

إسم

المفعول

إسم

الفاعل

 

مِفْعَلٌ

مَفْعَلٌ

مَفْعُولٌ

فَاعِلٌ

I

 

مُفَعَّلٌ

مُفَعَّلٌ

مُفَعِّلٌ

II

 

مُفَاعَلٌ

مُفَاعَلٌ

مُفَاعِلٌ

III

 

مُفَعَلٌ

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعِلٌ

IV

 

مُتَفَعَّلٌ

مُتَفَعَّلٌ

مُتَفَعِّلٌ

V

 

مُتَفَاعَلٌ

مُتَفَاعَلٌ

مُتَفَاعِلٌ

VI

 

مُنْفَعَلٌ

مُنْفَعَلٌ

مُنْفَعِلٌ

VII

 

مُفْتَعَلٌ

مُفْتَعَلٌ

مُفْتَعِلٌ

VIII

 

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعِلٌ

IX

 

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

مُسْتَفْعِلٌ

X

 

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4. ANSWERING CRITIQUES ON ISLAM

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5.DAKWAH BIL HIKMAH

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6. PEOPLE REVERTING TO ISLAM

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7. QURANIC MIRACLES & OTHERS

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8. QUIZZES : GAMES

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MEMORIZATION TABLE   

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 more

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سورة الغاشية ٨٨الجزء ٣٠

٥٩٢

ﭑﭒﭓﭔﭕﭖﭗﭘﭙﭚ
but
sedangkan|you prefer
kamu memilih|the life
kehidupan|of this world
didunia|16|and the Hereafter
dan akhirat|is better
lebih baik|and more lasting
dan lenih kekal|17|verily
sungguh
ﭛﭜﭝﭞﭟﭠﭡﭢﭣ
this
ini|indeed in
benar-benar dalam|the Scriptures
kitab|former
yang terdahulu|18|the scriptures
kitab|of Ibrahim
Ibrahim|and Musa
dan Musa|19
ﭑﭒﭓﭔ
[HL]باسم
With the name
Dengan nama
奉名字
fèng míng zi | الله
(of) Allah
Allah (punya)
安拉 (的)
ān lā (de) | ذي الأكثر سخاء بجميع الخلق
the Most Generous for all creations
Yang Maha Pemurah untuk semua kejadian
最慷慨对所有创作
zuì kāng kǎi duì suǒ yǒu chuàng zuò | ذي الرحمة بالمؤمنين
the Most Merciful for the believers
Yang Maha Mengasihani untuk yang percaya
最仁慈对信徒
zuì rén cí duì xìn tú | (1)
ﭤﭥﭦﭧﭨﭩﭪﭫﭬ
has there
sudahkah|come to you
sampai kepadamu|the narration
berita|of the overwhelming
hari kiamat|1|faces
wajah|that day
pada hari itu|will be humiliated
tertunduk hina|2
ﭭﭮﭯﭰﭱﭲﭳﭴﭵﭶﭷﭸ
laboring
bekerja keras|weary
kepayahan|3|they will enter
mereka memasuki|the fire
api|the hot blazing
yang sangat panas|4|they will be given to drink
diberi minum|of
dari|spring
mata air|boiling
yang sangat panas|5
ﭹﭺﭻﭼﭽﭾﭿﮀﮁﮂﮃﮄﮅﮆ
nor will there be
tidak ada|for them
bagi mereka|food
makanan|but
kecuali|from
dari|poisonous thorny plant
pokok berduri|6|not
tidak|will nourish
menggemukkan|and not
dan tidak|avail
hilangkan|against
dari|hunger
lapar|7
ﮇﮈﮉﮊﮋﮌﮍﮎﮏﮐﮑ
faces
wajah|that day
hari itu|will be joyful
berseri-seri|8|with thier endeavor
kerana usahanya|glad
merasa senang|9|in
dalam|paradise
syurga|a lofty
yang tinggi|10
ﮒﮓﮔﮕﮖﮗﮘﮙﮚﮛﮜﮝﮞ
not
dengar|they shall hear harmful speech
mendengar|therein
dalamnya|nor falsehood
perkataan tidak berguna|11|therein
disana|spring
mata air|running
mengalir|12|therein
di sana|thrones
dipan-pan|raised high
yang ditinggikan|13
ﮟﮠﮡﮢﮣﮤﮥﮦﮧ
and cups
dan gelas-gelas|set at had
yang tersedia|14|and cushions
dan bantal-bantal|set at rows
yang tersusun|15|and rich carpets
dan permaidani-permaidani|spread out
yang terhampar|16
ﮨﮩﮪﮫﮬﮭﮮﮯﮰﮱ
so do not
maka apakah tidak|they look
mereka memerhatikan|to
kepada|the camels
unta|how
bagaimana|they are created
diciptakan|17|and
dan|toward
kepada|the heaven
langit|how
bagaimana
ﯓﯔﯕﯖﯗﯘﯙﯚﯛﯜ
it is raised
ditinggikan|18|and toward
dan kepada|the mountains
gunung-gunung|how
bagaimana|they are rooted
ditegakkan|19|and toward
dan kepada|earth
bumi|how
bagaimana
ﯝﯞﯟﯠﯡﯢﯣﯤﯥ
it is outspread
dihamparkan|20|so remind them
maka berilah peringatan|verily only
sesungguhnya|you
engkau|a reminder
pemberi peringatan|21|you are not
bukanlah engkau|over them
atas mereka
ﯦﯧﯨﯩﯪﯫﯬﯭﯮﯯ
a dictator
orang yang berkuasa|22|but
kecuali|who
orang yang|turns away
berpaling|and disbelieves
dan kafir|23|so will punish them
maka akan mengazab|Allah
Allah|the punishment
azab
ﯰﯱﯲﯳﯴﯵﯶﯷﯸﯹﯺ
greatest
yang besar|24|verily
sungguh|to Us
kepada kamilah|will be their return
mereka kembali|25|then
kemudian|verily
sesungguhnya|on Us
atas kamilah|will be their reckoning
membuat perhitungan atas mereka|26

592

الجزء ٣٠سورة الطارق ٨٦

٥٩١

ﭑﭒﭓﭔ
[HL]باسم
With the name
Dengan nama
奉名字
fèng míng zi | الله
(of) Allah
Allah (punya)
安拉 (的)
ān lā (de) | ذي الأكثر سخاء بجميع الخلق
the Most Generous for all creations
Yang Maha Pemurah untuk semua kejadian
最慷慨对所有创作
zuì kāng kǎi duì suǒ yǒu chuàng zuò | ذي الرحمة بالمؤمنين
the Most Merciful for the believers
Yang Maha Mengasihani untuk yang percaya
最仁慈对信徒
zuì rén cí duì xìn tú | (1)
ﭑﭒﭓﭔﭕﭖﭗﭘﭙﭚﭛﭜﭝ
by the heaven
demi langit|and the night comer
dan yang datang pada malam hari|1|and what
dan apa|will make you know
kamu akan tahu|what
apa|the night comer is
yang datang pada malam hari itu|2|the star
bintang|piercing
yang bersinar tajam|3|not
tidaklah|each
setiap
ﭞﭟﭠﭡﭢﭣﭤﭥﭦﭧﭨﭩﭪ
human being
jiwa|except
kecuali|over him her
atasnya|protector
penjaga|4|so let see
maka perhatikan|man
manusia|from what
dari apa|he is created
dia diciptakan|5|he is created
dia diciptakan|from
dari|water
air
ﭫﭬﭭﭮﭯﭰﭱﭲﭳﭴﭵﭶﭷ
gushing forth
yang terpancar|6|proceeding
yang keluar|from
dari|between
antara|the backbone
tulang punggung|and the ribs
dan tulang dada|7|verily He(Allah)
sesungguhnya dia(Allah)|upon
atas|brings him
kembalikannya|surely be able to
benar-benar berkuasa|8
ﭸﭹﭺﭻﭼﭽﭾﭿﮀﮁﮂﮃﮄﮅﮆ
a day
pada hari itu|will be examined
akan dinampakkan|all secrets
segala rahsia|9|so not
maka tidak|for him(human)
baginya(manusia)|of
dari|power
kekuatan|and nor
dan tidak|helper
penolong|10|by the heaven
demi langit|which gives
yang mempunyai|it come back(rain)
perkara yang kembali(hujan)|11
ﮇﮈﮉﮊﮋﮌﮍﮎﮏﮐﮑﮒﮓ
and the earth
dan bumi|which has
yang mempunyai|cracks
rekahan|12|verily it (Al-Quran)
sungguh itu (Al-Quran)|indeed the sword
benar-benar firman|that separates (true and false)
yang pemisah (hak dan batil)|13|and not
dan tidak|it
itu|a thing for amusement
senda gurauan|14|verily they
sungguh mereka
ﮔﮕﮖﮗﮘﮙﮚﮛﮜﮝﮞ
are plotting
merancang|a plot (evil)
perancangan (jahat)|15|and I (Allah) am planning
dan aku (Allah) pun merancang|a plan
perancangan|16|so you (Rasulullah) give respite
maka kamu (Rasulullah) berilah penangguhan|the disbelievers
kepada orang kafir|you (Rasulullah) let them alone
kamu (Rasulullah) berilah mereka kesempatan|a while
yang sementara|17
ﭑﭒﭓﭔ
[HL]باسم
With the name
Dengan nama
奉名字
fèng míng zi | الله
(of) Allah
Allah (punya)
安拉 (的)
ān lā (de) | ذي الأكثر سخاء بجميع الخلق
the Most Generous for all creations
Yang Maha Pemurah untuk semua kejadian
最慷慨对所有创作
zuì kāng kǎi duì suǒ yǒu chuàng zuò | ذي الرحمة بالمؤمنين
the Most Merciful for the believers
Yang Maha Mengasihani untuk yang percaya
最仁慈对信徒
zuì rén cí duì xìn tú | (1)
ﮟﮠﮡﮢﮣﮤﮥﮦﮧﮨﮩﮪ
glory
sucikan|the name
nama|your Lord
tuhanmu|the Most High
Yang Maha Tinggi|1|the One Who
Yang|has created
menciptakan|then proportioned it
lalu menyempurnakan|2|and the One Who
yang|has measured
menentukan kadar|then guided
dan memberi petunjuk
ﮫﮬﮭﮮﮯﮰﮱﯓﯔﯕ
3|and the One Who
dan yang|brings out
menumbuhkan|the pasturage
rumput|4|and then makes it
lalu Dia menjadikan|stubble
kering|dark
kehitam-hitaman|5|We shall make you recite
Kami akan membacakanmu
ﯖﯗﯘﯙﯚﯛﯜﯝﯞﯟﯠﯡﯢﯣﯤ
so not
maka tidak|forget it
engkau lupa|6|except
kecuali|what
apa|may will
menghendaki|Allah
Allah||He verily
sungguh Dia|He knows
mengetahui|the apparent
yang terang|and what
dan apa|hidden
tersembunyi|7|and We shall make it easy for you
dan Kami akan mudahkanmu
ﯥﯦﯧﯨﯩﯪﯫﯬﯭﯮﯯ
the easy way
ke jalan kemudahan|8|so remember
maka berikanlah peringatan|because
kerana|profits
bermanfaat|reminder
peringatan|9|the remainder will be received
akan mendapat peringatan|who
siapa|fears
takut|10
ﯰﯱﯲﯳﯴﯵﯶﯷﯸﯹﯺ
and it will be avoided
dan yang celaka|the wretched
akan menjauhi|11|one who
orang yang|will enter
memasuki|the fire
api|great
yang besar|12|then
kemudian|neither
tidaklah|he will die
dia akan mati
ﯻﯼﯽﯾﯿﰀﰁﰂﰃﰄﰅﰆﰇﰈ
therein
disana|and not
dan tidak|he wil live
hidup|13|indeed
sungguh|shall achieve success
beruntung|who
siapa|purifies himself
orang yang menyucikan diri|14|and remembers
dan ingat|the name
nama|his Lord
tuhannya|then pray
lalu dia solat|15

591

591

86 - At-Thoriq, 87 - Al-A'la

DAILY MOTIVATION    more   

OTHER CONTENT  :  
 

        

               

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MEMORIZATON TABLE 

 MOSQUE NEWS 

Edited on 5 April  2018

News 1   :   2    :    3

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1. TAJWEED : TARANNUM

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2.TRANSLATIONS : COMMENTARIES

A....ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar   تفسير المیسر

B....ENGLISH

Saheeh International

C.....MALAY

Basmeih

D.....CHINESE

Ma Jian

E......ARABIC : ENGLISH : MALAY : CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar  تفسير المیسر : Saheeh International : Basmeih : Ma Jian
_____________________________________________
Celik Tafsir
Surah 086: at-Tariq

_____________________________________________

A.....ARABIC

Tafsir Muyassar :  تفسير المیسر

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

١  وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

١  أقسم الله سبحانه بالسماء والنجم الذي يطرق ليلا وما أدراك ما عِظَمُ هذا النجم؟ هو النجم المضيء المتوهِّج. ما كل نفس إلا أوكل بها مَلَك رقيب يحفظ عليها أعمالها لتحاسب عليها يوم القيامة.

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

٢  أقسم الله سبحانه بالسماء والنجم الذي يطرق ليلا وما أدراك ما عِظَمُ هذا النجم؟ هو النجم المضيء المتوهِّج. ما كل نفس إلا أوكل بها مَلَك رقيب يحفظ عليها أعمالها لتحاسب عليها يوم القيامة.

٣  النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

٣  أقسم الله سبحانه بالسماء والنجم الذي يطرق ليلا وما أدراك ما عِظَمُ هذا النجم؟ هو النجم المضيء المتوهِّج. ما كل نفس إلا أوكل بها مَلَك رقيب يحفظ عليها أعمالها لتحاسب عليها يوم القيامة.

٤  إِنْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

٤  أقسم الله سبحانه بالسماء والنجم الذي يطرق ليلا وما أدراك ما عِظَمُ هذا النجم؟ هو النجم المضيء المتوهِّج. ما كل نفس إلا أوكل بها مَلَك رقيب يحفظ عليها أعمالها لتحاسب عليها يوم القيامة.

٥  فَلْيَنْظُرِ الْإِنْسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

٥  فلينظر الإنسان المنكر للبعث مِمَّ خُلِقَ؟ ليعلم أن إعادة خلق الإنسان ليست أصعب من خلقه أوّلا خلق من منيٍّ منصبٍّ بسرعة في الرحم، يخرج من بين صلب الرجل وصدر المرأة. إن الذي خلق الإنسان من هذا الماء لَقادر على رجعه إلى الحياة بعد الموت.

٦  خُلِقَ مِنْ مَاءٍ دَافِقٍ

٦  فلينظر الإنسان المنكر للبعث مِمَّ خُلِقَ؟ ليعلم أن إعادة خلق الإنسان ليست أصعب من خلقه أوّلا خلق من منيٍّ منصبٍّ بسرعة في الرحم، يخرج من بين صلب الرجل وصدر المرأة. إن الذي خلق الإنسان من هذا الماء لَقادر على رجعه إلى الحياة بعد الموت.

٧  يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

٧  فلينظر الإنسان المنكر للبعث مِمَّ خُلِقَ؟ ليعلم أن إعادة خلق الإنسان ليست أصعب من خلقه أوّلا خلق من منيٍّ منصبٍّ بسرعة في الرحم، يخرج من بين صلب الرجل وصدر المرأة. إن الذي خلق الإنسان من هذا الماء لَقادر على رجعه إلى الحياة بعد الموت.

٨  إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

٨  فلينظر الإنسان المنكر للبعث مِمَّ خُلِقَ؟ ليعلم أن إعادة خلق الإنسان ليست أصعب من خلقه أوّلا خلق من منيٍّ منصبٍّ بسرعة في الرحم، يخرج من بين صلب الرجل وصدر المرأة. إن الذي خلق الإنسان من هذا الماء لَقادر على رجعه إلى الحياة بعد الموت.

٩  يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

٩  يوم تُخْتَبر السرائر فيما أخفته، ويُمَيَّز الصالح منها من الفاسد، فما للإنسان من قوة يدفع بها عن نفسه، وما له من ناصر يدفع عنه عذاب الله.

١٠  فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ

١٠  يوم تُخْتَبر السرائر فيما أخفته، ويُمَيَّز الصالح منها من الفاسد، فما للإنسان من قوة يدفع بها عن نفسه، وما له من ناصر يدفع عنه عذاب الله.

١١  وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

١١  والسماء ذات المطر المتكرر، والأرض ذات التشقق بما يتخللها من نبات، إن القرآن لقول فصل بَيْنَ الحق والباطل، وما هو بالهزل. ولا يجوز للمخلوق أن يقسم بغير الله، وإلا فقد أشرك.

١٢  وَالْأَرْضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدْعِ

١٢  والسماء ذات المطر المتكرر، والأرض ذات التشقق بما يتخللها من نبات، إن القرآن لقول فصل بَيْنَ الحق والباطل، وما هو بالهزل. ولا يجوز للمخلوق أن يقسم بغير الله، وإلا فقد أشرك.

١٣  إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ

١٣  والسماء ذات المطر المتكرر، والأرض ذات التشقق بما يتخللها من نبات، إن القرآن لقول فصل بَيْنَ الحق والباطل، وما هو بالهزل. ولا يجوز للمخلوق أن يقسم بغير الله، وإلا فقد أشرك.

١٤  وَمَا هُوَ بِالْهَزْلِ

١٤  والسماء ذات المطر المتكرر، والأرض ذات التشقق بما يتخللها من نبات، إن القرآن لقول فصل بَيْنَ الحق والباطل، وما هو بالهزل. ولا يجوز للمخلوق أن يقسم بغير الله، وإلا فقد أشرك.

١٥  إِنَّهُمْ يَكِيدُونَ كَيْدًا

١٥  إن المكذبين للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم، وللقرآن، يكيدون ويدبرون؛ ليدفعوا بكيدهم الحق ويؤيدوا الباطل، وأكيد كيدًا لإظهار الحق، ولو كره الكافرون، فلا تستعجل لهم -أيها الرسول- بطلب إنزال العقاب بهم، بل أمهلهم وأنظرهم قليلا ولا تستعجل لهم، وسترى ما يحلُّ بهم من العذاب والنكال والعقوبة والهلاك.

١٦  وَأَكِيدُ كَيْدًا

١٦  إن المكذبين للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم، وللقرآن، يكيدون ويدبرون؛ ليدفعوا بكيدهم الحق ويؤيدوا الباطل، وأكيد كيدًا لإظهار الحق، ولو كره الكافرون، فلا تستعجل لهم -أيها الرسول- بطلب إنزال العقاب بهم، بل أمهلهم وأنظرهم قليلا ولا تستعجل لهم، وسترى ما يحلُّ بهم من العذاب والنكال والعقوبة والهلاك.

١٧  فَمَهِّلِ الْكَافِرِينَ أَمْهِلْهُمْ رُوَيْدًا

١٧  إن المكذبين للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم، وللقرآن، يكيدون ويدبرون؛ ليدفعوا بكيدهم الحق ويؤيدوا الباطل، وأكيد كيدًا لإظهار الحق، ولو كره الكافرون، فلا تستعجل لهم -أيها الرسول- بطلب إنزال العقاب بهم، بل أمهلهم وأنظرهم قليلا ولا تستعجل لهم، وسترى ما يحلُّ بهم من العذاب والنكال والعقوبة والهلاك.

 

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 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

١  سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى

١  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

٢  الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ

٢  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

٣  وَالَّذِي قَدَّرَ فَهَدَىٰ

٣  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

٤  وَالَّذِي أَخْرَجَ الْمَرْعَىٰ

٤  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

٥  فَجَعَلَهُ غُثَاءً أَحْوَىٰ

٥  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

٦  سَنُقْرِئُكَ فَلَا تَنْسَىٰ

٦  سنقرئك -أيها الرسول- هذا القرآن قراءة لا تنساها، إلا ما شاء الله مما اقتضت حكمته أن ينسيه لمصلحة يعلمها. إنه - سبحانه- يعلم الجهر من القول والعمل، وما يخفى منهما.

٧  إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ وَمَا يَخْفَىٰ

٧  سنقرئك -أيها الرسول- هذا القرآن قراءة لا تنساها، إلا ما شاء الله مما اقتضت حكمته أن ينسيه لمصلحة يعلمها. إنه - سبحانه- يعلم الجهر من القول والعمل، وما يخفى منهما.

٨  وَنُيَسِّرُكَ لِلْيُسْرَىٰ

٨  ونيسرك لليسرى في جميع أمورك، ومن ذلك تسهيل تَلَقِّي أعباء الرسالة، وجعل دينك يسرًا لا عسر فيه.

٩  فَذَكِّرْ إِنْ نَفَعَتِ الذِّكْرَىٰ

٩  فعظ قومك -أيها الرسول- حسبما يسرناه لك بما يوحى إليك، واهدهم إلى ما فيه خيرهم. وخُصَّ بالتذكير من يرجى منه التذكُّر، ولا تتعب نفسك في تذكير من لا يورثه التذكر إلا عتوًّا ونفورًا.

١٠  سَيَذَّكَّرُ مَنْ يَخْشَىٰ

١٠  سيتعظ الذي يخاف ربه، ويبتعد عن الذكرى الأشقى الذي لا يخشى ربه، الذي سيدخل نار جهنم العظمى يقاسي حرَّها، ثم لا يموت فيها فيستريح، ولا يحيا حياة تنفعه.

١١  وَيَتَجَنَّبُهَا الْأَشْقَى

١١  سيتعظ الذي يخاف ربه، ويبتعد عن الذكرى الأشقى الذي لا يخشى ربه، الذي سيدخل نار جهنم العظمى يقاسي حرَّها، ثم لا يموت فيها فيستريح، ولا يحيا حياة تنفعه.

١٢  الَّذِي يَصْلَى النَّارَ الْكُبْرَىٰ

١٢  سيتعظ الذي يخاف ربه، ويبتعد عن الذكرى الأشقى الذي لا يخشى ربه، الذي سيدخل نار جهنم العظمى يقاسي حرَّها، ثم لا يموت فيها فيستريح، ولا يحيا حياة تنفعه.

١٣  ثُمَّ لَا يَمُوتُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَحْيَىٰ

١٣  سيتعظ الذي يخاف ربه، ويبتعد عن الذكرى الأشقى الذي لا يخشى ربه، الذي سيدخل نار جهنم العظمى يقاسي حرَّها، ثم لا يموت فيها فيستريح، ولا يحيا حياة تنفعه.

١٤  قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ تَزَكَّىٰ

١٤  قد فاز مَن طهر نفسه من الأخلاق السيئة، وذكر الله، فوحَّده ودعاه وعمل بما يرضيه، وأقام الصلاة في أوقاتها؛ ابتغاء رضوان الله وامتثالا لشرعه.

١٥  وَذَكَرَ اسْمَ رَبِّهِ فَصَلَّىٰ

١٥  قد فاز مَن طهر نفسه من الأخلاق السيئة، وذكر الله، فوحَّده ودعاه وعمل بما يرضيه، وأقام الصلاة في أوقاتها؛ ابتغاء رضوان الله وامتثالا لشرعه.

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B....ENGLISH

Saheeh International

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

١  وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

1  By the sky and the night comer -

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

2  And what can make you know what is the night comer?

٣  النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

3  It is the piercing star -

٤  إِنْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

4  There is no soul but that it has over it a protector.

٥  فَلْيَنْظُرِ الْإِنْسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

5  So let man observe from what he was created.

٦  خُلِقَ مِنْ مَاءٍ دَافِقٍ

6  He was created from a fluid, ejected,

٧  يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

7  Emerging from between the backbone and the ribs.

٨  إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

8  Indeed, Allah, to return him [to life], is Able.

٩  يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

9  The Day when secrets will be put on trial,

١٠  فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ

10  Then man will have no power or any helper.

١١  وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

11  By the sky which returns [rain]

١٢  وَالْأَرْضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدْعِ

12  And [by] the earth which cracks open,

١٣  إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ

13  Indeed, the Qur'an is a decisive statement,

١٤  وَمَا هُوَ بِالْهَزْلِ

14  And it is not amusement.

١٥  إِنَّهُمْ يَكِيدُونَ كَيْدًا

15  Indeed, they are planning a plan,

١٦  وَأَكِيدُ كَيْدًا

16  But I am planning a plan.

١٧  فَمَهِّلِ الْكَافِرِينَ أَمْهِلْهُمْ رُوَيْدًا

17  So allow time for the disbelievers. Leave them awhile.

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 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

١  سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى

1  Exalt the name of your Lord, the Most High,

٢  الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ

2  Who created and proportioned

٣  وَالَّذِي قَدَّرَ فَهَدَىٰ

3  And who destined and [then] guided

٤  وَالَّذِي أَخْرَجَ الْمَرْعَىٰ

4  And who brings out the pasture

٥  فَجَعَلَهُ غُثَاءً أَحْوَىٰ

5  And [then] makes it black stubble.

٦  سَنُقْرِئُكَ فَلَا تَنْسَىٰ

6  We will make you recite, [O Muhammad], and you will not forget,

٧  إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ وَمَا يَخْفَىٰ

7  Except what Allah should will. Indeed, He knows what is declared and what is hidden.

٨  وَنُيَسِّرُكَ لِلْيُسْرَىٰ

8  And We will ease you toward ease.

٩  فَذَكِّرْ إِنْ نَفَعَتِ الذِّكْرَىٰ

9  So remind, if the reminder should benefit;

١٠  سَيَذَّكَّرُ مَنْ يَخْشَىٰ

10  He who fears [Allah] will be reminded.

١١  وَيَتَجَنَّبُهَا الْأَشْقَى

11  But the wretched one will avoid it -

١٢  الَّذِي يَصْلَى النَّارَ الْكُبْرَىٰ

12  [He] who will [enter and] burn in the greatest Fire,

١٣  ثُمَّ لَا يَمُوتُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَحْيَىٰ

13  Neither dying therein nor living.

١٤  قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ تَزَكَّىٰ

14  He has certainly succeeded who purifies himself

١٥  وَذَكَرَ اسْمَ رَبِّهِ فَصَلَّىٰ

15  And mentions the name of his Lord and prays.

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C.....MALAY

Basmeih

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

١  وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

1  Demi langit dan "At-Taariq"; -

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

2  Dan apa jalannya engkau dapat mengetahui apa dia "At-Taariq" itu? -

٣  النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

3  (At-Taariq) ialah bintang yang menembusi (sinaran cahayanya);

٤  إِنْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

4  Tiada sesuatu diri juapun melainkan ada malaikat yang menjaga (keadaannya serta menyimpan catitan mengenai segala bawaannya).

٥  فَلْيَنْظُرِ الْإِنْسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

5  (Setelah mengetahui yang demikian), maka hendaklah manusia memikirkan: dari apa ia diciptakan.

٦  خُلِقَ مِنْ مَاءٍ دَافِقٍ

6  Ia diciptakan dari air (mani) yang memancut (ke dalam rahim) -

٧  يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

7  Yang keluar dari "tulang sulbi" lelaki dan "tulang dada" perempuan.

٨  إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

8  Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Kuasa untuk mengembalikannya (hidup semula sesudah mati),

٩  يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

9  Pada hari didedahkan segala yang terpendam di hati (dari iktiqad, niat, dan lain-lainnya),

١٠  فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ

10  Maka (pada saat itu) tidak ada bagi manusia sebarang kekuatan (untuk membela diri), dan tidak ada penolong (yang dapat memberikan pertolongan).

١١  وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

11  Demi langit yang berulang-ulang mencurahkan hujan,

١٢  وَالْأَرْضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدْعِ

12  Dan bumi yang merekah mengeluarkan tumbuh-tumbuhan,

١٣  إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ

13  Sesungguhnya keterangan Al-Quran adalah kata-kata pemutus (yang sebenar),

١٤  وَمَا هُوَ بِالْهَزْلِ

14  Dan bukanlah ia kata-kata yang olok-olok.

١٥  إِنَّهُمْ يَكِيدُونَ كَيْدًا

15  Sesungguhnya mereka (yang menentangmu, wahai Muhammad) bermati-mati menjalankan rancangan jahat,

١٦  وَأَكِيدُ كَيْدًا

16  Dan Aku pula tetap bertindak membalas rancangan jahat (mereka, dan menggagalkannya).

١٧  فَمَهِّلِ الْكَافِرِينَ أَمْهِلْهُمْ رُوَيْدًا

17  Oleh itu janganlah engkau hendakkan segera kebinasaan orang-orang kafir itu, berilah tempoh kepada mereka sedikit masa.

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 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

١  سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى

1  Bertasbihlah mensucikan nama Tuhanmu Yang Maha Tinggi (dari segala sifat-sifat kekurangan), -

٢  الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ

2  Yang telah menciptakan (sekalian makhlukNya) serta menyempurnakan kejadiannya dengan kelengkapan yang sesuai dengan keadaannya;

٣  وَالَّذِي قَدَّرَ فَهَدَىٰ

3  Dan Yang telah mengatur (keadaan makhluk-makhlukNya) serta memberikan hidayah petunjuk (ke jalan keselamatannya dan kesempurnaannya);

٤  وَالَّذِي أَخْرَجَ الْمَرْعَىٰ

4  Dan Yang telah mengeluarkan tumbuh-tumbuhan untuk binatang-binatang ternak,

٥  فَجَعَلَهُ غُثَاءً أَحْوَىٰ

5  Kemudian Ia menjadikan (tumbuh-tumbuhan yang menghijau) itu kering - (berubah warnanya) kehitam-hitaman.

٦  سَنُقْرِئُكَ فَلَا تَنْسَىٰ

6  Kami sentiasa menjadikan engkau (wahai Muhammad) dapat membaca (Al-Quran yang diturunkan kepadamu - dengan perantaraan jibril), sehingga engkau (menghafaznya dan) tidak lupa,

٧  إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ وَمَا يَخْفَىٰ

7  Kecuali apa yang dikehendaki Allah engkau lupakan; sesungguhnya Ia mengetahui (segala keadaan yang patut berlaku), dan yang tersembunyi.

٨  وَنُيَسِّرُكَ لِلْيُسْرَىٰ

8  Dan Kami tetap memberi kemudahan kepadamu untuk (melaksanakan segala perkara) Ugama yang mudah diterima oleh akal yang sihat.

٩  فَذَكِّرْ إِنْ نَفَعَتِ الذِّكْرَىٰ

9  Oleh itu berilah peringatan (kepada umat manusia dengan ajaran Al-Quran), kalau-kalau peringatan itu berguna (dan sudah tentu berguna);

١٠  سَيَذَّكَّرُ مَنْ يَخْشَىٰ

10  Kerana orang yang takut (melanggar perintah Allah) akan menerima peringatan itu;

١١  وَيَتَجَنَّبُهَا الْأَشْقَى

11  Dan (sebaliknya) orang yang sangat celaka akan menjauhinya,

١٢  الَّذِي يَصْلَى النَّارَ الْكُبْرَىٰ

12  Dia lah orang yang akan menderita bakaran neraka yang amat besar (azab seksanya),

١٣  ثُمَّ لَا يَمُوتُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَحْيَىٰ

13  Selain dari itu, ia tidak mati di dalamnya dan tidak pula hidup senang.

١٤  قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ تَزَكَّىٰ

14  Sesungguhnya berjayalah orang yang - setelah menerima peringatan itu - berusaha membersihkan dirinya (dengan taat dan amal yang soleh),

١٥  وَذَكَرَ اسْمَ رَبِّهِ فَصَلَّىٰ

15  Dan menyebut-nyebut dengan lidah dan hatinya akan nama Tuhannya serta mangerjakan sembahyang (dengan khusyuk).

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D.....CHINESE

Ma Jian

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

1  以穷苍和启明星盟誓,

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

2  你怎能知道启明星是什麽?

٣  النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

3  是那灿烂的明星。

٤  إِنْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

4  每个人,都有一个保护者。

٥  فَلْيَنْظُرِ الْإِنْسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

5  人应当想一想,他自己是用什麽造成的?

٦  خُلِقَ مِنْ مَاءٍ دَافِقٍ

6  他是射出的精液造成的。

٧  يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

7  那精液是从脊柱和肋骨之间发出的。

٨  إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

8  真主确是能使他复原的,

٩  يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

9  那是在一切秘密被揭穿之日。

١٠  فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ

10  他绝没有能力,也没有援助者。

١١  وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

11  以含雨的云

١٢  وَالْأَرْضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدْعِ

12  和有缝的地发誓,

١٣  إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ

13  这确是分别真伪的言辞,

١٤  وَمَا هُوَ بِالْهَزْلِ

14  这不是笑话。

١٥  إِنَّهُمْ يَكِيدُونَ كَيْدًا

15  他们必定要用计谋,

١٦  وَأَكِيدُ كَيْدًا

16  我也要用计谋。

١٧  فَمَهِّلِ الْكَافِرِينَ أَمْهِلْهُمْ رُوَيْدًا

17  所以你当宽限不信道的人们,你当宽限他们一下。

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 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى

1  你当赞颂你至尊主的大名超绝万物,

٢  الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ

2  他创造万物,并使各物匀称。

٣  وَالَّذِي قَدَّرَ فَهَدَىٰ

3  他预定万物,而加以引导。

٤  وَالَّذِي أَخْرَجَ الْمَرْعَىٰ

4  他生出牧草,

٥  فَجَعَلَهُ غُثَاءً أَحْوَىٰ

5  然後使它变成黑色的枯草。

٦  سَنُقْرِئُكَ فَلَا تَنْسَىٰ

6  我将使你诵读,故你不会忘记,

٧  إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ وَمَا يَخْفَىٰ

7  除非真主所欲你忘记的。他的确知道显著的和隐微的言行。

٨  وَنُيَسِّرُكَ لِلْيُسْرَىٰ

8  我将使你遵循平易的道路,

٩  فَذَكِّرْ إِنْ نَفَعَتِ الذِّكْرَىٰ

9  故你当教诲众人,如果教诲有裨於他们的话。

١٠  سَيَذَّكَّرُ مَنْ يَخْشَىٰ

10  畏主的人,将觉悟;

١١  وَيَتَجَنَّبُهَا الْأَشْقَى

11  薄命的人,将退避,

١٢  الَّذِي يَصْلَى النَّارَ الْكُبْرَىٰ

12  他将入於大火,

١٣  ثُمَّ لَا يَمُوتُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَحْيَىٰ

13  然後,在火里不死也不活。

١٤  قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ تَزَكَّىٰ

14  有教养的人确已成功,

١٥  وَذَكَرَ اسْمَ رَبِّهِ فَصَلَّىٰ

15  他记念他的主的尊名,而谨守拜功。

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E......ARABIC : ENGLISH : MALAY : CHINESE

Tafsir Muyassar  تفسير المیسر : Saheeh International : Basmeih : Ma Jian

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

 奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

١  أقسم الله سبحانه بالسماء والنجم الذي يطرق ليلا وما أدراك ما عِظَمُ هذا النجم؟ هو النجم المضيء المتوهِّج. ما كل نفس إلا أوكل بها مَلَك رقيب يحفظ عليها أعمالها لتحاسب عليها يوم القيامة.

1  By the sky and the night comer -

1  Demi langit dan "At-Taariq"; -

1  以穷苍和启明星盟誓,

٢  وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

٢  أقسم الله سبحانه بالسماء والنجم الذي يطرق ليلا وما أدراك ما عِظَمُ هذا النجم؟ هو النجم المضيء المتوهِّج. ما كل نفس إلا أوكل بها مَلَك رقيب يحفظ عليها أعمالها لتحاسب عليها يوم القيامة.

2  And what can make you know what is the night comer?

2  Dan apa jalannya engkau dapat mengetahui apa dia "At-Taariq" itu? -

2  你怎能知道启明星是什麽?

٣  النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

٣  أقسم الله سبحانه بالسماء والنجم الذي يطرق ليلا وما أدراك ما عِظَمُ هذا النجم؟ هو النجم المضيء المتوهِّج. ما كل نفس إلا أوكل بها مَلَك رقيب يحفظ عليها أعمالها لتحاسب عليها يوم القيامة.

3  It is the piercing star -

3  (At-Taariq) ialah bintang yang menembusi (sinaran cahayanya);

3  是那灿烂的明星。

٤  إِنْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

٤  أقسم الله سبحانه بالسماء والنجم الذي يطرق ليلا وما أدراك ما عِظَمُ هذا النجم؟ هو النجم المضيء المتوهِّج. ما كل نفس إلا أوكل بها مَلَك رقيب يحفظ عليها أعمالها لتحاسب عليها يوم القيامة.

4  There is no soul but that it has over it a protector.

4  Tiada sesuatu diri juapun melainkan ada malaikat yang menjaga (keadaannya serta menyimpan catitan mengenai segala bawaannya).

4  每个人,都有一个保护者。

٥  فَلْيَنْظُرِ الْإِنْسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

٥  فلينظر الإنسان المنكر للبعث مِمَّ خُلِقَ؟ ليعلم أن إعادة خلق الإنسان ليست أصعب من خلقه أوّلا خلق من منيٍّ منصبٍّ بسرعة في الرحم، يخرج من بين صلب الرجل وصدر المرأة. إن الذي خلق الإنسان من هذا الماء لَقادر على رجعه إلى الحياة بعد الموت.

5  So let man observe from what he was created.

5  (Setelah mengetahui yang demikian), maka hendaklah manusia memikirkan: dari apa ia diciptakan.

5  人应当想一想,他自己是用什麽造成的?

٦  خُلِقَ مِنْ مَاءٍ دَافِقٍ

٦  فلينظر الإنسان المنكر للبعث مِمَّ خُلِقَ؟ ليعلم أن إعادة خلق الإنسان ليست أصعب من خلقه أوّلا خلق من منيٍّ منصبٍّ بسرعة في الرحم، يخرج من بين صلب الرجل وصدر المرأة. إن الذي خلق الإنسان من هذا الماء لَقادر على رجعه إلى الحياة بعد الموت.

6  He was created from a fluid, ejected,

6  Ia diciptakan dari air (mani) yang memancut (ke dalam rahim) -

6  他是射出的精液造成的。

٧  يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

٧  فلينظر الإنسان المنكر للبعث مِمَّ خُلِقَ؟ ليعلم أن إعادة خلق الإنسان ليست أصعب من خلقه أوّلا خلق من منيٍّ منصبٍّ بسرعة في الرحم، يخرج من بين صلب الرجل وصدر المرأة. إن الذي خلق الإنسان من هذا الماء لَقادر على رجعه إلى الحياة بعد الموت.

7  Emerging from between the backbone and the ribs.

7  Yang keluar dari "tulang sulbi" lelaki dan "tulang dada" perempuan.

7  那精液是从脊柱和肋骨之间发出的。

٨  إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

٨  فلينظر الإنسان المنكر للبعث مِمَّ خُلِقَ؟ ليعلم أن إعادة خلق الإنسان ليست أصعب من خلقه أوّلا خلق من منيٍّ منصبٍّ بسرعة في الرحم، يخرج من بين صلب الرجل وصدر المرأة. إن الذي خلق الإنسان من هذا الماء لَقادر على رجعه إلى الحياة بعد الموت.

8  Indeed, Allah, to return him [to life], is Able.

8  Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Kuasa untuk mengembalikannya (hidup semula sesudah mati),

8  真主确是能使他复原的,

٩  يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

٩  يوم تُخْتَبر السرائر فيما أخفته، ويُمَيَّز الصالح منها من الفاسد، فما للإنسان من قوة يدفع بها عن نفسه، وما له من ناصر يدفع عنه عذاب الله.

9  The Day when secrets will be put on trial,

9  Pada hari didedahkan segala yang terpendam di hati (dari iktiqad, niat, dan lain-lainnya),

9  那是在一切秘密被揭穿之日。

١٠  فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ

١٠  يوم تُخْتَبر السرائر فيما أخفته، ويُمَيَّز الصالح منها من الفاسد، فما للإنسان من قوة يدفع بها عن نفسه، وما له من ناصر يدفع عنه عذاب الله.

10  Then man will have no power or any helper.

10  Maka (pada saat itu) tidak ada bagi manusia sebarang kekuatan (untuk membela diri), dan tidak ada penolong (yang dapat memberikan pertolongan).

10  他绝没有能力,也没有援助者。

١١  وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

١١  والسماء ذات المطر المتكرر، والأرض ذات التشقق بما يتخللها من نبات، إن القرآن لقول فصل بَيْنَ الحق والباطل، وما هو بالهزل. ولا يجوز للمخلوق أن يقسم بغير الله، وإلا فقد أشرك.

11  By the sky which returns [rain]

11  Demi langit yang berulang-ulang mencurahkan hujan,

11  以含雨的云

١٢  وَالْأَرْضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدْعِ

١٢  والسماء ذات المطر المتكرر، والأرض ذات التشقق بما يتخللها من نبات، إن القرآن لقول فصل بَيْنَ الحق والباطل، وما هو بالهزل. ولا يجوز للمخلوق أن يقسم بغير الله، وإلا فقد أشرك.

12  And [by] the earth which cracks open,

12  Dan bumi yang merekah mengeluarkan tumbuh-tumbuhan,

12  和有缝的地发誓,

١٣  إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ

١٣  والسماء ذات المطر المتكرر، والأرض ذات التشقق بما يتخللها من نبات، إن القرآن لقول فصل بَيْنَ الحق والباطل، وما هو بالهزل. ولا يجوز للمخلوق أن يقسم بغير الله، وإلا فقد أشرك.

13  Indeed, the Qur'an is a decisive statement,

13  Sesungguhnya keterangan Al-Quran adalah kata-kata pemutus (yang sebenar),

13  这确是分别真伪的言辞,

١٤  وَمَا هُوَ بِالْهَزْلِ

١٤  والسماء ذات المطر المتكرر، والأرض ذات التشقق بما يتخللها من نبات، إن القرآن لقول فصل بَيْنَ الحق والباطل، وما هو بالهزل. ولا يجوز للمخلوق أن يقسم بغير الله، وإلا فقد أشرك.

14  And it is not amusement.

14  Dan bukanlah ia kata-kata yang olok-olok.

14  这不是笑话。

١٥  إِنَّهُمْ يَكِيدُونَ كَيْدًا

١٥  إن المكذبين للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم، وللقرآن، يكيدون ويدبرون؛ ليدفعوا بكيدهم الحق ويؤيدوا الباطل، وأكيد كيدًا لإظهار الحق، ولو كره الكافرون، فلا تستعجل لهم -أيها الرسول- بطلب إنزال العقاب بهم، بل أمهلهم وأنظرهم قليلا ولا تستعجل لهم، وسترى ما يحلُّ بهم من العذاب والنكال والعقوبة والهلاك.

15  Indeed, they are planning a plan,

15  Sesungguhnya mereka (yang menentangmu, wahai Muhammad) bermati-mati menjalankan rancangan jahat,

15  他们必定要用计谋,

١٦  وَأَكِيدُ كَيْدًا

١٦  إن المكذبين للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم، وللقرآن، يكيدون ويدبرون؛ ليدفعوا بكيدهم الحق ويؤيدوا الباطل، وأكيد كيدًا لإظهار الحق، ولو كره الكافرون، فلا تستعجل لهم -أيها الرسول- بطلب إنزال العقاب بهم، بل أمهلهم وأنظرهم قليلا ولا تستعجل لهم، وسترى ما يحلُّ بهم من العذاب والنكال والعقوبة والهلاك.

16  But I am planning a plan.

16  Dan Aku pula tetap bertindak membalas rancangan jahat (mereka, dan menggagalkannya).

16  我也要用计谋。

١٧  فَمَهِّلِ الْكَافِرِينَ أَمْهِلْهُمْ رُوَيْدًا

١٧  إن المكذبين للرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم، وللقرآن، يكيدون ويدبرون؛ ليدفعوا بكيدهم الحق ويؤيدوا الباطل، وأكيد كيدًا لإظهار الحق، ولو كره الكافرون، فلا تستعجل لهم -أيها الرسول- بطلب إنزال العقاب بهم، بل أمهلهم وأنظرهم قليلا ولا تستعجل لهم، وسترى ما يحلُّ بهم من العذاب والنكال والعقوبة والهلاك.

17  So allow time for the disbelievers. Leave them awhile.

17  Oleh itu janganlah engkau hendakkan segera kebinasaan orang-orang kafir itu, berilah tempoh kepada mereka sedikit masa.

17  所以你当宽限不信道的人们,你当宽限他们一下。

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 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

 Dengan nama Allah, Yang Maha Pemurah, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

奉至仁至慈的真主之名

١  سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى

١  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

1  Exalt the name of your Lord, the Most High,

1  Bertasbihlah mensucikan nama Tuhanmu Yang Maha Tinggi (dari segala sifat-sifat kekurangan), -

1  你当赞颂你至尊主的大名超绝万物,

٢  الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ

٢  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

2  Who created and proportioned

2  Yang telah menciptakan (sekalian makhlukNya) serta menyempurnakan kejadiannya dengan kelengkapan yang sesuai dengan keadaannya;

2  他创造万物,并使各物匀称。

٣  وَالَّذِي قَدَّرَ فَهَدَىٰ

٣  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

3  And who destined and [then] guided

3  Dan Yang telah mengatur (keadaan makhluk-makhlukNya) serta memberikan hidayah petunjuk (ke jalan keselamatannya dan kesempurnaannya);

3  他预定万物,而加以引导。

٤  وَالَّذِي أَخْرَجَ الْمَرْعَىٰ

٤  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

4  And who brings out the pasture

4  Dan Yang telah mengeluarkan tumbuh-tumbuhan untuk binatang-binatang ternak,

4  他生出牧草,

٥  فَجَعَلَهُ غُثَاءً أَحْوَىٰ

٥  نَزِّه اسم ربك الأعلى عن الشريك والنقائص تنزيهًا يليق بعظمته سبحانه، الذي خلق المخلوقات، فأتقن خلقها، وأحسنه، والذي قدَّر جميع المقدرات، فهدى كل خلق إلى ما يناسبه، والذي أنبت الكلأ الأخضر، فجعله بعد ذلك هشيمًا جافًا متغيرًا.

5  And [then] makes it black stubble.

5  Kemudian Ia menjadikan (tumbuh-tumbuhan yang menghijau) itu kering - (berubah warnanya) kehitam-hitaman.

5  然後使它变成黑色的枯草。

٦  سَنُقْرِئُكَ فَلَا تَنْسَىٰ

٦  سنقرئك -أيها الرسول- هذا القرآن قراءة لا تنساها، إلا ما شاء الله مما اقتضت حكمته أن ينسيه لمصلحة يعلمها. إنه - سبحانه- يعلم الجهر من القول والعمل، وما يخفى منهما.

6  We will make you recite, [O Muhammad], and you will not forget,

6  Kami sentiasa menjadikan engkau (wahai Muhammad) dapat membaca (Al-Quran yang diturunkan kepadamu - dengan perantaraan jibril), sehingga engkau (menghafaznya dan) tidak lupa,

6  我将使你诵读,故你不会忘记,

٧  إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ وَمَا يَخْفَىٰ

٧  سنقرئك -أيها الرسول- هذا القرآن قراءة لا تنساها، إلا ما شاء الله مما اقتضت حكمته أن ينسيه لمصلحة يعلمها. إنه - سبحانه- يعلم الجهر من القول والعمل، وما يخفى منهما.

7  Except what Allah should will. Indeed, He knows what is declared and what is hidden.

7  Kecuali apa yang dikehendaki Allah engkau lupakan; sesungguhnya Ia mengetahui (segala keadaan yang patut berlaku), dan yang tersembunyi.

7  除非真主所欲你忘记的。他的确知道显著的和隐微的言行。

٨  وَنُيَسِّرُكَ لِلْيُسْرَىٰ

٨  ونيسرك لليسرى في جميع أمورك، ومن ذلك تسهيل تَلَقِّي أعباء الرسالة، وجعل دينك يسرًا لا عسر فيه.

8  And We will ease you toward ease.

8  Dan Kami tetap memberi kemudahan kepadamu untuk (melaksanakan segala perkara) Ugama yang mudah diterima oleh akal yang sihat.

8  我将使你遵循平易的道路,

٩  فَذَكِّرْ إِنْ نَفَعَتِ الذِّكْرَىٰ

٩  فعظ قومك -أيها الرسول- حسبما يسرناه لك بما يوحى إليك، واهدهم إلى ما فيه خيرهم. وخُصَّ بالتذكير من يرجى منه التذكُّر، ولا تتعب نفسك في تذكير من لا يورثه التذكر إلا عتوًّا ونفورًا.

9  So remind, if the reminder should benefit;

9  Oleh itu berilah peringatan (kepada umat manusia dengan ajaran Al-Quran), kalau-kalau peringatan itu berguna (dan sudah tentu berguna);

9  故你当教诲众人,如果教诲有裨於他们的话。

١٠  سَيَذَّكَّرُ مَنْ يَخْشَىٰ

١٠  سيتعظ الذي يخاف ربه، ويبتعد عن الذكرى الأشقى الذي لا يخشى ربه، الذي سيدخل نار جهنم العظمى يقاسي حرَّها، ثم لا يموت فيها فيستريح، ولا يحيا حياة تنفعه.

10  He who fears [Allah] will be reminded.

10  Kerana orang yang takut (melanggar perintah Allah) akan menerima peringatan itu;

10  畏主的人,将觉悟;

١١  وَيَتَجَنَّبُهَا الْأَشْقَى

١١  سيتعظ الذي يخاف ربه، ويبتعد عن الذكرى الأشقى الذي لا يخشى ربه، الذي سيدخل نار جهنم العظمى يقاسي حرَّها، ثم لا يموت فيها فيستريح، ولا يحيا حياة تنفعه.

11  But the wretched one will avoid it -

11  Dan (sebaliknya) orang yang sangat celaka akan menjauhinya,

11  薄命的人,将退避,

١٢  الَّذِي يَصْلَى النَّارَ الْكُبْرَىٰ

١٢  سيتعظ الذي يخاف ربه، ويبتعد عن الذكرى الأشقى الذي لا يخشى ربه، الذي سيدخل نار جهنم العظمى يقاسي حرَّها، ثم لا يموت فيها فيستريح، ولا يحيا حياة تنفعه.

12  [He] who will [enter and] burn in the greatest Fire,

12  Dia lah orang yang akan menderita bakaran neraka yang amat besar (azab seksanya),

12  他将入於大火,

١٣  ثُمَّ لَا يَمُوتُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَحْيَىٰ

١٣  سيتعظ الذي يخاف ربه، ويبتعد عن الذكرى الأشقى الذي لا يخشى ربه، الذي سيدخل نار جهنم العظمى يقاسي حرَّها، ثم لا يموت فيها فيستريح، ولا يحيا حياة تنفعه.

13  Neither dying therein nor living.

13  Selain dari itu, ia tidak mati di dalamnya dan tidak pula hidup senang.

13  然後,在火里不死也不活。

١٤  قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ تَزَكَّىٰ

١٤  قد فاز مَن طهر نفسه من الأخلاق السيئة، وذكر الله، فوحَّده ودعاه وعمل بما يرضيه، وأقام الصلاة في أوقاتها؛ ابتغاء رضوان الله وامتثالا لشرعه.

14  He has certainly succeeded who purifies himself

14  Sesungguhnya berjayalah orang yang - setelah menerima peringatan itu - berusaha membersihkan dirinya (dengan taat dan amal yang soleh),

14  有教养的人确已成功,

١٥  وَذَكَرَ اسْمَ رَبِّهِ فَصَلَّىٰ

١٥  قد فاز مَن طهر نفسه من الأخلاق السيئة، وذكر الله، فوحَّده ودعاه وعمل بما يرضيه، وأقام الصلاة في أوقاتها؛ ابتغاء رضوان الله وامتثالا لشرعه.

15  And mentions the name of his Lord and prays.

15  Dan menyebut-nyebut dengan lidah dan hatinya akan nama Tuhannya serta mangerjakan sembahyang (dengan khusyuk).

15  他记念他的主的尊名,而谨守拜功。

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3. LEARN ARABIC : OTHER LANGUAGES

 

فعل

مجهول

مضارع

فعل

مجهول

ماض

فعل

معلوم

مضارع

فعل

معلوم

ماض

 

يُفْعَلُ

فُعِلَ

يَفْعَلُ

فَعَلَ

 I

يُفَعَّلُ

فُعِّلَ

يَفَعِّلُ

فَعَّلَ

II

يُفَاعَلُ

فُوْعِلَ

يُفَاعِلُ

فَاعَلَ

III

يُفْعَلُ

أُفْعِلَ

يُفْعِلُ

أَفْعَلَ

IV

يُتَفَعَّلُ

تُفُعِّلَ

يَتَفَعَّلُ

تَفَعَّلَ

V

يُتَفَاعَلُ

تُفُوعِلَ

يَتَفَاعَلُ

تَفَاعَلَ

VI

يُنْفَعَلُ

أُنْفُعِلَ

يَنْفَعِلُ

إِنْفَعَلَ

VII

يُفْتَعَلُ

أُفْتُعِلَ

يُفْتَعِلُ

إِفْتَعَلَ

VIII

يُفَعَّلُ

أُفْعِلَّ

يَفْعَلُّ

إِفْعَلَّ

IX

يُسْتَفْعَلُ

أُسْتُفْعِلَ

يَسْتَفْعِلُ

إِسْتَفْعَلَ

X

 

مصدر

فعل

النهي

فعل

الأمر

 

فَعْلٌ

لاَتَفْعَلْ

إِِفْعَلْ

 I

تَفْعِيْلٌ

لاَتُفَعِّلْ

فَعِّلْ

II

مُفَاعَلَةٌ

لاَتُفَاعِلْ

فَاعِلْ

III

إِفْعَالٌ

لاَتُفْعِلْ

أَفْعِلْ

IV

تَفَعُّلٌ

لاَتَتَفَعَّلْ

تَفَعَّلْ

V

تَفَاعُلٌ

لاَتَتَفَاعَلْ

تَفَاعَلْ

VI

إِنْفِعَالٌ

لاَتَنْفَعِلْ

إِنْفَعِلْ

VII

إِفْتِعَالٌ

لاَتَفْتَعِلْ

إِفْتَعِلْ

VIII

إِفْعِلاَلٌ

 

 

IX

إِسْتِفْعَالٌ

لاَتَسْتَفْعِلْ

إِسْتَفْعِلْ

X

 

إسم

الألة

إسم

المكن

الزمان

إسم

المفعول

إسم

الفاعل

 

مِفْعَلٌ

مَفْعَلٌ

مَفْعُولٌ

فَاعِلٌ

I

 

مُفَعَّلٌ

مُفَعَّلٌ

مُفَعِّلٌ

II

 

مُفَاعَلٌ

مُفَاعَلٌ

مُفَاعِلٌ

III

 

مُفَعَلٌ

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعِلٌ

IV

 

مُتَفَعَّلٌ

مُتَفَعَّلٌ

مُتَفَعِّلٌ

V

 

مُتَفَاعَلٌ

مُتَفَاعَلٌ

مُتَفَاعِلٌ

VI

 

مُنْفَعَلٌ

مُنْفَعَلٌ

مُنْفَعِلٌ

VII

 

مُفْتَعَلٌ

مُفْتَعَلٌ

مُفْتَعِلٌ

VIII

 

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعَلٌ

مُفْعِلٌ

IX

 

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

مُسْتَفْعَلٌ

مُسْتَفْعِلٌ

X

 

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______________________________________________4. ANSWERING CRITIQUES ON ISLAM

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______________________________________________5. DAKWAH BIL HIKMAH

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______________________________________________6. PEOPLE REVERTING TO ISLAM

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______________________________________________8. QURANIC MIRACLES & OTHERS

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______________________________________________10. QUIZZES : GAMES

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MEMORIZATON TABLE 

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more

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quiz
Hadith : Conversation
Hadis : Perbualan

             

Translation                          

It was narrated that Anas bin Malik said:

"Some Bedouin from 'Uraynah came to the Prophet of Allah [SAW] and accepted Islam, but the climate of Al-Madinah did not suit them; their skin turned yellow and their bellies became swollen. The Prophet of Allah sent them to some milk camels of his and told them to drink their milk and urine until they recovered. Then they killed their herdsmen and drove off the camels. The Prophet of Allah sent (men) after them and they were brought back, then he had their hands and feet cut off, and their eyes were branded." The Commander of the Believers, 'Abdul-Malik, said to Anas, when he was narrating this Hadith: "Was that (punishment) for Kufr or for sin?" He said: "For Kufr."

أَخْبَرَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ وَهْبٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحِيمِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي زَيْدُ بْنُ أَبِي أُنَيْسَةَ، عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ مُصَرِّفٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَدِمَ أَعْرَابٌ مِنْ عُرَيْنَةَ إِلَى نَبِيِّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَسْلَمُوا فَاجْتَوَوُا الْمَدِينَةَ حَتَّى اصْفَرَّتْ أَلْوَانُهُمْ وَعَظُمَتْ بُطُونُهُمْ فَبَعَثَ بِهِمْ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلَى لِقَاحٍ لَهُ فَأَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يَشْرَبُوا مِنْ أَلْبَانِهَا وَأَبْوَالِهَا حَتَّى صَحُّوا فَقَتَلُوا رُعَاتِهَا وَاسْتَاقُوا الإِبِلَ فَبَعَثَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي طَلَبِهِمْ فَأُتِيَ بِهِمْ فَقَطَّعَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ وَأَرْجُلَهُمْ وَسَمَّرَ أَعْيُنَهُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ لأَنَسٍ وَهُوَ يُحَدِّثُهُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ بِكُفْرٍ أَوْ بِذَنْبٍ قَالَ بِكُفْرٍ ‏.‏

Grade Sahih (Darussalam)  

Reference  : Sunan an-Nasa'i 4035
In-book reference  : Book 37, Hadith 70
English translation  : Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4040

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More Hadith                      

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Conversation                    

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World Islamic History : 592 H
5/12/1195 - 22/11/1196 CE

                      

Other Events                                    

The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos. 

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Islamic Lineage                               

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Islamic Timeline                             

1 - 100 (623 - 719)
101 - 200 (720 - 816)
201- 300 (817 - 913)
301 - 400 (914 - 1010)
401 - 500 (1011 - 1107)
501 - 600 (1108 - 1204)
601 - 700 (1205 - 1301)
701 - 800 (1302 - 1398)
801 - 900 (1399 - 1495)
901 - 1000 (1496 - 1592)
1001 - 1100 (1593 - 1689)
1101 - 1200 (1690 - 1786)
1201 - 1300 (1787 - 1883)
1301 - 1400 (1884 - 1980)
1401 - 1500 (1981 - 2078)

570 : 52 BH
  Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca
610 : 12 BH
  Revelation of the first versus of the Quran
  Ali ibn Abu Talib and Abu Bakar as Siddiq accept Islam
615 : 7 BH
  Conversion of Omar Ibn Al Khattab
620 : 2 BH
  A group of Muslims migrates to Abyssinia to escape the persecution in Mecca
622 : 1 AH
  Prophet Muhammad migrates to Madina
  Start of the Islamic calendar
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624  : 2 AH 
  Battle of Badr
625 : 3 AH
  Battle of Uhud  
626 : 5 AH
  Battle of Khandaq / Battle of the Trench 
627 : 6 AH
  Prophet Muhammad concludes the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the Meccans
628 : 7 AH
  The Muslims reclaim Mecca
  The Prophet sends messages to Khosroe of Persia, Heraclius of Byzantium, Muqawqis of Egypt and the king of Yemen, inviting them to accept Islam 
632 : 11 AH
  Farewell pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad
  The last verse of the Quran is revealed
  Defensive expedition to Tabuk against the Byzantines ends in a stalemate and commander Zaid bin Harris is killed in action
  Prophet Muhammad passes away
  The Companions establish the Caliphate to affirm the historical continuity of Islam
  Abu Bakar as Siddiq is elected the first Caliph
  Death of Fatimah az Zahra beloved daughter of the Prophet,wife of Ali ibn Abu Talib
 

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633 : 12 AH
  Abu Bakar conducts campaigns against eastern Arabs to ensure their compliance with zakat
  Rise of the false prophets
  Battle of Yamama against Musailimah Al Kazzab
  Abu Bakar authorizes the preparation of a written copy of the Quran, the Mashaf e Siddiqi
634 : 13 AH
  Muslim armies defeat the Byzantines at the Battle of Ajnadyn
  Abu Bakar passes away
  Omar ibn Al Khattab is elected the Caliph
635 : 14 AH
  Campaigns against eastern Roman and Persian Empires
  The Muslims capture Damascus
636 : 15 AH
  The Persian army is defeated at the Battle of Qadasia
  The Byzantines are defeated at the Battle of Yarmuk
  Jerusalem conquered by Arab armies. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to Christians.
 

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637 : 16 AH
  The Muslims capture Madayen, capital of the Persian Empire
640 : 19 AH
  Omar bin al As begins campaigns in Egypt
641 : 20 AH
  Arab armies advance towards Khorasan, Afghanistan dan Sindh
642 : 21 AH
  The conquest of Egypt is completed
  Caliph Omar streamlines the administration of the vast empire
  Judical rulings of Omar ibn al Khattab and Ali ibn Abu Talib provide a basis for the sciences of Fiqh
  Persian armies defeated at the Battle of Nahawand
643 : 22 AH
  First construction of the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem
644 : 23 AH
  Caliph Omar ibn Al Khattab is assassinated
  Uthman bin Affan is elected the Caliph
649 : 28 AH
  Cyprus is captured from the Byzantines
650 : 29 AH
  Pronunciation of Quranic verses standardized
652 : 31 AH
  Death of Abu Dhar al Ghifari, venerated Companion and Sufi
656 : 36 AH
  Caliph Uthman bin Affan is assassinated
  Ali ibn Abu Talib is elected the Caliph
  Beginning of the Civil Wars
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats dissidents under Aisha binti Abu Bakar at the Battle of the Camel  
657 : 37 AH
  Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, refuses to recognize the Caliphate of Ali
  Battle of Siffin between forces of Ali and Muawiya
  Beginning of the Kharijite schism
 

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658 : 38 AH
  Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan
  Muawiya is declared the Caliph by his supporters in Damascus
659 : 39 AH
  Truce between Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
661 : 41 AH
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib is assassinated
  Age of Khulafa e Rashidoon ends
  Muawiya claims the Caliphate
  Beginning of the Umayyad dynasty
  Imam Hassan ibn Ali retires from politics
665 : 45 AH
  Muawiya orders the buildup of a navy
667 : 47 AH
  Muslim armies capture Khorasan
669 : 49 AH
  Death of Imam Hassan ibn Ali
670 : 50 AH
  Uqba bin Nafi begins the conquest of North Africa
  The city of Khairaoun in North Africa is founded
671 : 51 AH
  Muslim armies capture the island of Rhodes
  The first attempt to capture Constantinople fails
678 : 58 AH
  Death of Aisha binti Abu Bakar wife of Prophet Muhammad and the source of a large number of Hadith
 

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680 : 60 AH
  Death of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
  Yazid son of Muawiya becomes Omayyad ruler
  The tragedy of Karbala, Hussain ibn Ali,grandson of the Prophet is martyred
  Beginning of Yawm e Ashoora
683 : 63 AH
  Yazid sacks Madina
  Uqba bin Nafi conquers North Africa
  Death of Yazid: Muawiya II succeeds him
684 : 64 AH
  Marwan I becomes the Caliph
685 : 65 AH
  Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph
  Construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  Muslim armies advance into Central Asia
690 : 71 AH
  Omayyad armies reach the Atlantic Ocean
691 : 72 AH
  Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is completed
692 : 73 AH
  Abdul Malik mints the first coins of the Islamic state
693 : 74 AH
  Al Hajjaj also known as al Hajjaj the cruel becomes governor of Iraq
694 : 75 AH
  Construction of the Omayyad Mosque in Damascus
699 : 80 AH
  Death of Al Juhani rationalist, philosopher
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705 : 86 AH
  Al Walid I becomes the Caliph and begins a vigorous expansion of the empire
711 : 92 AH
  Tariq ibn Ziyad lands in Spain. Visigoth army under Rodriguez is defeated at the Battle of Buhayrah
  Muhammad bin Qasim lands at Debal subdues Baluchistan , Sindh , Multan and southern Punjab
712 : 93 AH
  Musa ibn Nusair advances into Leon, Astoria, and Galicia
  Beginning of 780 years of Muslim rule in Andalus
  Jewish golden age in Spain
  Death of Imam Zainul Abedin
713 : 94 AH
  Zaid bin Zainul Abedin organizes resistance to the Omayyads. Beginning of the Zaidi branch.
  Muslim armies capture Lyons in France
714 : 95 AH
  Muhammad bin Qasim recalled from Sindh by Hajjaj bin Yusuf and imprisoned until death
  Muslims capture Normandy in France
715 : 96 AH
  Sulaiman becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Musa ibn Nusair recalled from Spain by Caliph Sulaiman, stripped of all power and banished into the desert
717 : 98 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz becomes the Caliph and attempts reconciliation in the Islamic community. He lowers taxes on peasants in Persia and Egypt.
  The Byzantines repulse a second Muslim attempt to capture Constantinople.
  Spread of Islam into Persia and Egypt picks up momentum
 

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719 : 100 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz is poisoned
  Yazid II becomes the Caliph
720 : 101 AH
  Muslim armies cross the Pyrenees and occupy southern France
724 : 106 AH
  Hisham becomes the Caliph
728 : 110 AH
  Death of Hasan al Basri,well known Sufi Shaykh
731 : 113 AH
  Death of Imam al Baqir
732 : 114 AH
  Charles Martel stops the Muslim advance into Europe at the Battle of Tours
735 : 117 AH
  Muslim armies advance through southern France and occupy mountain passes in Switzerland
740 : 122 AH
  Death of Imam Zaid bin Zain ul Abedin
743 : 125 AH
  Al Walid II becomes the Caliph
744 : 126 AH
  Abu Muslim is appointed the chief dayee of Khorasan
  Yazid III, Ibrahim and Marwan II become the Caliphs in rapid succession
745 : 127 AH
  Imam Jaafar as Saadiq discusses Fiqh issues in his study circles. Imam Abu Haneefa participates in these studies and benefits from them.
746 : 128 AH
  Beginning of the Abbasid revolution in Khorasan
747 : 129 AH
  Kufa falls to the Abbasids. Abu Muslim nominates Abul Abbas as the first Abbasid Caliph
750 : 132 AH
  The Abbasid Revolution
  The Abbasid forces defeat the Caliph Marwan at the Battle of Kushaf. The Umayyads are swept away from power and are slaughtered
  Andur Rahman I escapes to Spain
  Beginning of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. Abu Abbas al Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph
 

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751 : 133 AH
  Battle of Tlas.The Muslim armies are victorious over the forces of the Tang Empire. China cedes Central Asia to the Caliphate
  Systematic development of Fiqh begins
754 : 136 AH
  Al Mansur becomes the Caliph,sends troops into China in response to a request for help from the Tang Emperor Tsung. 
755 : 138 AH
  The Umayyad Abdur Rahman I establishes the Umayyad Emirate in Cordoba Spain
759 : 142 AH
  The Franks recapture Narbonne from the Muslims
760 : 143 AH
  Death of Imam Ismail, son of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq
  Beginning of the Fatimid branch among Muslims
763 : 146 AH
  Baghdad becomes the seat of the Caliphate and the cradle of Islamic civilization
765 : 148 AH
  Death of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq one of the principal sources of Fiqh. Caliph al Mansur establishes schools of translation in Baghdad.
  Muslims come into contact with Greek philosophy and Indian mathematics
768 : 151 AH
  Death of Imam Abu Haneefa after whom the Hanafi school of Fiqh is named.
  Charlemagne ( 768-814) ascends the Frankish throne.
 

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775 : 158 AH
  Al Mahdi becomes the Caliph
778 : 161 AH
  Charlemagne of France raids Muslim Spain
780 : 163 AH
  Charlemagne invades German territories and converts the Germans to Christianity
781 : 164 AH
  Ibn Jabir invents the science of chemistry
785 : 168 AH
  Al Hadi becomes the Caliph
786 : 169 AH 
  Harun al Rashid becomes the Caliph. Golden age of Baghdad
788 : 172 AH
  Beginning of the Idrisid dynasty in North Africa
790 : 174 AH
  The manufacture of paper is introduced into Baghdad from China
795 : 179 AH
  Death of Imam Malik bin Anas, after whom the Maliki school of Fiqh is named
799 : 183 AH 
  Zubaida, wife of Harun al Rashid performs the Hajj and builds rest houses for hajjis on the road
  Death of Imam Muza al Kazim
 

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800 : 184 AH
  Harun al Rashid and Charlemagne exchange ambassadors
801 : 185 AH
  The city of Fez is established
  Charlemagne begins an invasion of Muslim Spain
802 : 186 AH
  Death of Rabia al Adawiya one of the most celebrated spiritual luminaries and a teacher of Sufi masters
809 : 193 AH
  Death of Harun al Rashid. Al Amin becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
813 : 197 AH
  Al Mamun succeeds his brother Al Amin as the Caliph
814 : 198 AH
  Death of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Empire in Europe begins to disintegrate
815 : 199 AH
  Al Khwarizmi invents the science of Algebra and develops the mathematics of equations
  Viking raids from the North ravage Europe
  The Abbasid Empire begins a slow process of disintegration. The Idrisids in North Africa and the Tahirids in Persia become autonomous
 

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818 : 202 AH
  Death of Imam Ali al Rida
820 : 205 AH
  Death of Imam al Shafie after whom the Shafie school of Fiqh is named.
  Rise of the Aghlabids in North Africa
822 : 207 AH
  Music flourishes at the court of Cordoba under the musician al Zirhab
  The Aghlabid armies from North Africa invade Sicily
827 : 212 AH
  Caliph al Mamun adopts Mutazilite doctrines as court dogma
  The Idrisids capture Crete, Sardinia and Sicily
830 : 215 AH
  Caliph al Mamun patronizes the Bait ul Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad and encourages translation of Greek and Sanskrit books into arabic. The Muslims develop concept of decimals in mathematics
831 : 216 AH
  Muslims capture Palermo Italy
833 : 218 AH
  Death of Al Mamun. Al Mutasim becomes the Caliph and enlists Turks into the army
835 : 220 AH
  Death of Imam al Jawwad
838 : 223 AH
  Umayyad armies from Spain occupy Marseilles France
840 : 225 AH
  Death of Al Khwarizmi mathematician , Sufi Shaykh
842 : 227 AH
  Al Wathiq becomes the Caliph
846 : 231 AH
  The Aghlabids in North Africa occupy Pisa and conduct a raid on Rome
 

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847 : 232 AH
  Al Mutawakkil becomes the Caliph abandons Mutazilite doctrines
850 : 235 AH
  Turkish influence in the Caliphate grows
855 : 241 AH
  Death of Imam ibn Hanbal after whom the Hanbali school of FIqh is named
861 : 247 AH
  University of Kairaouine ( established 859 CE ) in Fes Morocco. Caliph al Mutawakkil is murdered in Baghdad. Al Muntasir becomes the Caliph
866 : 252 AH
  Al Mutaz becomes the Caliph
868 : 254 AH
  Egypt becomes autonomous under the Tulunids
  Palermo in Sicily becomes a center of Islamic learning
  Death of Imam al Hadi
870 : 256 AH
  The Zanj workers from East Africa revolt in Iraq
  Death of Al Farabi and Al Kindi noted men of science
  Death of Al Tabari renowned physician
  The Muslims capture Malta
  Al Mutamid becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
874 : 260 AH
  Death of Abul Hussain Muslim, compiler of Hadith
  Death of Imam al Askari
  Death of Al Kindi mathematician astronomer
  Death of Al Bistami one of the most celebrated Sufi Shaikhs
 

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875 : 261 AH
  Hamdan Karamat starts the Karamatian movement
  The Sassanids establish themselves in Bokhara
878 : 264 AH
  Disappearance of Imam al Muntazar the Twelth Imam
  Beginning of belief in the hidden Imam
880 : 266 AH
  The Aghlabids lose southern Italy to Christian forces
882 : 268 AH
  A rebellion of the Zanj in Iraq is crushed
885 : 272 AH
  Death of Dawud ibn Khalaf expounder of the Zahiri school of Fiqh
887 : 274 AH
  Peasant revolt in China against foreigners forces out the Muslims of Canton
889 : 276 AH
  Death of Ibn Kutaiba historian
890 : 277 AH
  Spanish Muslims re-establish bases in southern France and conduct raids into Switzerland
892 : 279 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Tharmidi historian
  Al Mutadid becomes the Caliph
893 : 280 AH
  The Karamatians capture Yemen
898 : 285 AH
  Imam al Hadi Yahya establishes a Zaidi state in Yemen
 

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900 : 287 AH
  The Arabian Nights are compiled
  Improvements appear in the design and use of the Astrolabe
  The Kharijites establish a dynasty in Sijilmasa North Africa
901 : 288 AH
  The Samanids emerge in Khorasan Persia
902 : 289 AH
  Al Muktafi becomes the Caliph
903 : 290 AH
  The Karamatians plunder Damascus
904 : 291 AH
  Muslim armies capture Solonika from the Byzantines
907 : 294 AH
  Abu Abdullah Fatimid leader moves to North Africa 
908 : 295 AH
  Al Muqtadir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
909 : 296 AH
  The Fatimids establish themselves in North Africa
  Ubaidulla al Mahdi becomes the first Fatimid Caliph
910 : 297 AH
  Al Razi conducts research into infectious diseases including small pox,rabies and the plague
912 : 299 AH
  Reign of Abdul Rahman III in Spain (912 - 961). Cordoba becomes the premier city of Europe. Golden age of Spain. Science and civilization thrive.
 

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914 : 301 AH
  Nasr al Saeed of the Samanids in Khorasan favors the Fatimids over the Abbasids
915 : 302 AH
  The Kharijites establish themselves in southern Morocco
  The Fatimids raid Egypt
922 : 310 AH
  Mansur al Hallaj Persian mystic is executed for his esoteric views
  Beginning of the Tahirid dynasty in Iraq
923 : 311 AH
  Death of Abu Tabari, noted commentator on the Quran
925 : 313 AH
  Death of Al Razi doctor of medicine
929 : 317 AH
  In response to Fatimid claims to the Caliphate, Abdul Rahman III of Spain assumes the title of Caliph and protector of Sunni Muslims in North Africa
930 : 318 AH
  The Karamatians raid Mecca and carry off the Hijr e Aswad from the Haram to Bahrain
931 : 319 AH
  Abdur Rahman III occupies Ceuta
  The Fatimids capture Algeria
932 : 320 AH
  The Buyids establish their rule in southern Iraq
  Al Qahir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
933 : 321 AH
  The Ishkedids displace the Tulunids in Egypt and rule until 969
934 : 322 AH
  Al Radi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Qaim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
936 : 324 AH
  Death of Al Ashari (874-936), highly influential theologian who reconciled Mutazilite doctrines with orthodox theology. Author of ''occasionalism' in philosophy 
939 : 327 AH
  Abdul RAhman III of Spain captures Fraxinetum, Valais,Geneva, Toulon and Great St. Bernard
940 : 328 AH
  Extensive postal services are established by the Abbasids
  Al Muttaqi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
 

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945 : 333 AH
  The Buyids temporarily capture Baghdad
946 : 334 AH
  Al Mutee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Mansur becomes the Fatimid Caliph
950 : 338 AH
  Death of Al Farabi , noted scientist, philosopher, jurist,author of treatises on ethics, music and logic, Sufi Shaykh
951 : 340 AH
  The Ikhwan as Safa in Iraq compile an Ecyclopedia of Knowledge
953 : 342 AH
  Al Muiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in North Africa
955 : 344 AH
  Sharp naval engagements between the navies of Al Muiz and Abdul Rahman III off the coast of Spain
957 : 346 AH
  Al Masudi, the historian, passes away
961 : 350 AH
  Death of Abdul Rahman III
  The Oghuz family of Turks in Central Asia accepts Islam
962 : 351 AH
  The Seljuk, Alaptagin, establishes a kingdom in Ghazna Afghanistan
968 : 357 AH
  The Umayyads establish a university in Cordoba
969 : 358 AH
  The Fatimids conquer Egypt and establish the city of Cairo
970 : 359 AH
  The Fatimids capture Syria, Mecca and Madina and lay claim to the leadership of the Islamic world. Fatimid rule in Multan ( modern Pakistan ). Brisk trade between Alexandria, Egypt and Venice, Italy
971 : 360 AH 
  The Fatimids establish Al-Azhar University in Cairo
974 : 363 AH
  Al Ta'ee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
975 : 364 AH
  Death of Al Muiz, Fatimid Caliph of Egypt. Al Aziz becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Muslim astronomers publish manuscripts showing constellations of stars
988 : 378 AH
  Count Vladimir of Kiev embraces Eastern Orthodox Christianity
991 : 381 AH
  Al Qadir becomes the Abbasid Caliph
996 : 386 AH
  Al Hakim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Pope Pious XI declares the Crusades against Muslim
997 : 387 AH
  Mahmud succeeds Alaptagin in Ghazna and dominates Central Asia
 

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999 : 389 AH
 

Large scale Turkish migrations into Central Asia.

 

Kara Khani Turks occupy Bukhara.

 

Mahmud of Ghazna annexes Khorasan.

 

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1000 : 390 AH
 

Mahmud makes the first of seventeen raids into India.

 

The Chinese use gunpowder to propel arrows.

1001 : 391 AH
 

Mahmud starts campaigns to capture Peshawar, Bhera, Nagarkot, Tarain, Thaneshwar and Kanauj in India.

1004 : 394 AH
 

Mahmud defeats Dawud, Fatimid ruler of Multan.

1016 : 407 AH
 

The Christians reclaim Sardinia.

1017 : 408 AH
 

Beginning of the Druze sect in Lebanon.

1020 : 411 AH
 

Death of Firdowsi of Persia, author of Shah Nama.

 

Mahmud establishes Lahore as the capital of Punjab.

 

Death of Fatimid Caliph al Hakim who had claimed divinity.

1021 : 412 AH
 

Al Zahir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1024 : 415 AH
 

Mahmud raids temple of Somanath in Gujrat, India.

1025 : 416 AH
 

Al Baruni publishes Kitab ul Hind, a penetrating study of the people of India.

1030 : 421 AH
 

Death of Mahmud of Ghazna.
Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista.

 

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1031 : 422 AH
 

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba disintegrates. Spain breaks up into petty emirates. The Christian kingdoms of Castille, Leon and Portugal position themselves to attack the Muslim territories.

 

Al Qaim becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1032 : 423 AH
 

The Church of Constantinople breaks with the Church of Rome over the issue of icons in the Church.

1036 : 427 AH
 

Taghril Beg becomes Seljuk Sultan.

 

Al Mustansir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1037 : 428 AH
 

Death of Abu Ali ibn Sina, one of the greatest of physicians.

 

Ferdinand I, king of Castille, captures Leon.

1038 : 429 AH
 

Death of Al Hazen, noted physicist.

1043 : 434 AH
 

The Fatimid Empire begins to crumble. Mecca, Madina, Yemen and North Africa are lost by the Fatimids.

1048 : 440 AH
 

Death of al Bairuni, historian, author of Kitab ul Hind.

1050 : 442 AH
 

The Christians advance in Sicily.

1051 : 443 AH
 

Beginning of the Murabitun revolution in West Africa.

1056 : 448 AH
 

The Seljuk Taghril Beg and the Buyid Basisiri contest the control of Baghdad.

1058 : 450 AH
 

Taghril Beg is anointed by Abbasid Caliph Kaim as “sultan of the east and the west” for his role in protecting the Abbasid Caliphate.

1060 : 452 AH
 

The Seljuk Turks advance into Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

 

The Crusaders raid the coast of North Africa.

 

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1061 : 453 AH
 

The Murabitun capture Morocco.

 

The Murabitun establish the city of Marrakesh as their capital.

1063 : 455 AH
 

Taghril Beg dies childless. His nephew Alap Arsalan becomes the Seljuk sultan.

1068 : 460 AH
 

Beginning of the Songhay Empire in West Africa.

1072 : 464 AH
 

Battle of Manzikert. The Seljuk Turks under Alap Arsalan defeat the Byzantines under Emperor Romanus and open up Anatolia for Turkish settlement.

 

The Christians capture Palermo in Sicily.

1075 : 467 AH
 

The Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah retakes Syria from the Fatimids.

 

Al Muqtadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph.

1077 : 469 AH
 

Birth of Abdul Qader Jeelani, celebrated Sufi sage.

1085 : 478 AH
 

Alfonso I of Castile captures Toledo, the ancient capital of Visigoth Spain. The extensive libraries of Toledo become accessible to Christian Europe.

1086 : 479 AH
 

The Murabitun emir, Yusuf bin Tashfin, advances into Spain at the head of a powerful African force.

 

The Nizamiya College is founded in Baghdad by Nizam ul Mulk, grand vizier to Sultan Malik Shah.

 

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1087 : 480 AH
 

Yusuf bin Tashfin defeats Alfonso VI at the Battle of Sagrajas.

 

The Crusaders sack Mahdiya in North Africa.

 

The assassin terror grows in Iraq and Syria.

1090 : 483 AH
 

Al Ghazzali teaches at NizamiyaCollege, Baghdad.

 

The Crusaders capture Malta.

 

The assassins capture Alamut in northern Syria and establish a training center for fidayees.

1091 : 484 AH
 

End of Muslim presence in Sicily.

 

Smyrna in Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

 

Death of Sultan Malik Shah.

 

The assassins murder grand vizier Nizam ul Mulk.

1094 : 487 AH
 

Al Mustansir becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

 

Al Mustadi becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.

1095 : 488 AH
 

Pope Urban II declares a Crusade to take Jerusalem.

 

Al Afdal, grand vizier of Fatimid Egypt, recaptures Jerusalem from Turkish emir Duqaq of Damascus.

1096 : 489 AH
 

The start of the First Crusade.

1097 : 490 AH
 

Konya Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

  The Turks retreat before the advancing Crusaders.
  The Fatimids in Egypt start negotiations with the Crusaders to divide up Seljuk territories.
1098 : 491 AH
 

The Crusaders capture Antioch.

1099 : 492 AH
 

Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. The Muslims and the Jews are massacred. Baldwin becomes king of Jerusalem.

 

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1100 : 493 AH
 

Al Ghazzali writes a powerful diatribe, Tahaffuz al Falsafa, against speculative philosophy. In Ihya al Uloom, he accords tasawwuf an honored position in the Islamic sciences.

1106 : 499 AH
 

Death of Yusuf bin Tashfin, emir of the Murabitun.

1111 : 504 AH
 

Abu Hamid al Ghazzali dies after transforming the intellectual landscape of the Islamic world.

1113 : 507 AH
 

Maudud, a Seljuk officer from Mosul, defeats King Baldwin of Jerusalem.

1118 : 512 AH
 

Al Mustarshid, Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1123 : 517 AH
 

Death of Omar al Khayyam, mathematician, mystic.

1124 : 518 AH
 

Death of Hassan al Sabbah, leader of the Assassins.

1126 : 520 AH
 

Archbishop Raymond establishes a school in Toledo to translate Arabic books into Latin.

1127 : 521 AH
 

The Assassins murder Turkish officer Maudud.

1130 : 524 AH
 

Death of ibn Tumart, leader of the Al Muhaddithin.

1132 : 526 AH
 

Roger II of Sicily invites Muslim scholars to work at his court.

 

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1139 :533 AH
 

Birth of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti, Sufi sage.

1141 : 535 AH
 

The Kara Kitai Turkomans defeat the Seljuks at Amu Darya.

1144 : 538 AH
  The Seljuks, under Zengi, recapture Edessa.
  Pope Eugene declares the Second Crusade.
1145 : 539 AH
  The Second Crusade collapses in Anatolia but succeeds in capturing Lisbon in Portugal.
  End of the Murabitun rule in Andalus.
1146 : 541 AH
  The al Muhaddithin captures Morocco.
  The assassins murder Seljuk Emir Zengi.
1149 : 544 AH
 

Al Zafir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1150 : 545 AH
 

The University of Paris is established.

1151 : 546 AH
 

Al Idrisi constructs a map of the then known world.

1154 : 549 AH
  The Kurdish officer Nuruddin, in Seljuk service, takes Damascus.
  Al Faiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.
1157 : 552 AH
 

The al Muhaddithin captures Andalus.

1160 : 555 AH
  Al Mustanjid becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
  Al Adid, the last of the Fatimids, becomes the Caliph in Cairo.
1163 : 558 AH
 

The Seljuks and the Crusaders compete for influence in Fatimid Egypt.

1166 : 561 AH
  Death of Shaykh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad, called Shaykh ul Mashaiq, founder of the Qadariya Sufi order.
  Death of the geographer, al Idrisi.
1167 : 562 AH
  Establishment of Oxford University in England.
 

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1170 : 565 AH
  Salahuddin takes Egypt from the Fatimids.
  Al Mustadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1171 : 566 AH
  End of the Fatimid era. Egypt reverts to the Abbasid Caliphate.
1173 : 568 AH
  Ghiasuddin Ghori established the kingdom of Ghor in Afghanistan.
1175 : 570 AH
  Salahuddin consolidates his hold on Syria and Egypt.
  Death of Ahmed al Rifai, founder of the Rifaiyah Sufi brotherhood.
1177 : 572 AH
  Muhammed Ghori adds Multan, Uch, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh to his dominions.
1179 : 575 AH
  Muhammed Ghori starts campaigns to capture Peshawar and Sialkot.
1182 : 578 AH
  Khwaja Muhammed Ghouse of Sindh introduces the Qadariya order into India and Pakistan.
1187 : 583 AH
  Battle of Hittin. Salahuddin triumphs and recaptures Jerusalem.
  Muhammed Ghori captures Lahore.
1188 : 584 AH
  Pope Clement III launches the Third Crusade.
1189 : 585 AH
  Khwaja Moeenuddin Chisti moves to Ajmer, India and establishes the Chistiya order.
1190 : 586 AH
  King Richard of England proposes a marriage between his sister and Saifuddin, brother of Salahuddin and for the two together to rule Jerusalem. The proposal is opposed by the Crusaders and is abandoned.
1191 : 587 AH
  Accra surrenders to the Crusaders after a long siege.
  Mohammed Ghori suffers a defeat at the Battle of Tarain and is forced to withdraw towards Kabul.
1192 : 588 AH
  Muhammed Ghori, victorious over the Rajputs, captures Delhi. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi is slain.
1193 : 589 AH
 

Salahuddin passes away and is buried in Damascus.

1196 : 592 AH
  The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos.
1198 : 594 AH
  Death of ibn Rushd, of the great world philosophers.
1199 : 595 AH
  Pope Innocent III declares the Fourth Crusade.
 

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1200 : 596 AH 
  Islam takes roots in Indonesia.
  Alauddin Muhammed becomes the Shah of Khwarazm.
  The Crusaders capture Valencia.
  Cambridge University is established in England.
1201 : 597 AH
  The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.
1202 : 598 AH
  The Delhi Sultanate is established.
1203 : 599 AH
  Death of Nizami, well known Farsi poet.
1204 : 600 AH
  The Crusaders, led by Dondolo of Venice, sack Constantinople and loot its treasures.
  Johan Shah, ruler of Sumatra, accepts Islam.
1205 : 601 AH
  The Turkoman Kara Kitai defeats Mohammed Ghori.
  The Ghorids put down a rebellion in the Punjab.
1206 : 602 AH
  Genghiz Khan becomes the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes.
  The assassins murder Muhammed Ghori.
  The Delhi sultans advance towards Bengal.
1211 : 608 AH
  Altumish ascends the throne of Delhi.
1212 : 609 AH
  The Crusaders defeat the al Muhaddith at the Battle of Las Novas de Tolosa.
1215 : 612 AH
  Genghiz Khan captures northern China; learns the use of gunpowder from the Chinese.
1218 : 615 AH
  The Fifth Crusade is directed against Egypt. The Egyptians open the Nile docks and drown the invaders.
1219 : 616 AH
  Genghiz Khan invades the territories of Shah Muhammed of Khorasan.
1220 : 617 AH
  Genghiz Khan devastates Central Asia.
1221 : 618 AH
  Genghiz Khan destroys Persia and Afghanistan.
  Prince Jalaluddin faces the Khan at the Battle of the Indus.
1222 : 619 AH
  Genghiz Khan returns to Mongolia.
1223 : 620 AH
  Ibn al Athir, celebrated historian, passes away.
 

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1227 : 624 AH
  Death of Genghiz Khan. The Mongols continue their advance through West Asia and Eastern Europe.
1228 : 625 AH
  The Sixth Crusade, directed at Egypt and led by Emperor Frederick II of Germany fails.
1230 : 627 AH
  Sundiata starts consolidation of the Empire of Mali.
1235 : 632 AH
  Baba Fareed of Lahore becomes heads of the Chistiya order in India.
1236 : 633 AH
  Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, falls to the Crusaders.
  Razia rules as Queen of India.
  Death of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, the most celebrated awliya of the subcontinent.
  Al Mustansir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad.
1240 : 637 AH
  Death of ibn al Arabi, renowned Sufi Shaykh.
  Roger Bacon teaches in England.
1242 : 639 AH
  Al Musta’sim becomes the 37th and the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1245 : 643 AH
  At the Council of Lyons, Christian Europe resolves to seek an alliance with the Mongols against the Muslims. A Franciscan priest, John de Plano Carpini, arrives at the Mongol court to seek military assistance.
1248 : 646 AH
  Seville in Spain falls to the Christians.
  Ibn Ahmar starts the Nasirid dynasty in Granada.
1249 : 647 AH
  The Seventh Crusade, directed at Egypt by the Franks, is beaten back.
1250 : 648 AH
  Shajarat al Durr rules as Queen of Egypt.
1251 : 649 AH
  Hulagu Khan becomes the Mongol lord of Persia and Central Asia.
1256 : 654 AH
  Hulagu Khan destroys the Assassins.
1257 : 655 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, celebrated Farsi poet.
  Nizamuddin Awliya becomes head of the Chishtiya order in Delhi. Islam spreads in India.
1258 : 656 AH
  Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad. End of the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The curtain falls on the classic Islamic civilization. Caliph al Musta’sim is killed.
  Death of Ali al Shadhuli, founder of the Shadhuli Sufi order.
1260 : 658 AH
  Kublai Khan ascends the throne of China. Many capable Muslims work at the court of the Great Khan.
  Hulagu Khan storms Aleppo and massacres its inhabitants.
1261 : 659 AH
  The Mamlukes of Egypt install Al Mustansir as the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo.
  The Mamluke, Zahir Baybars of Egypt, defeats a combined army of Mongols, Armenians and Crusaders at the Battle of Ayn Jalut.
 

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1265 : 663 AH
  Death of Hulagu Khan.
1269 : 667 AH
  The Merinide al Yakub captures Marrakesh.
1273 : 671 AH
  Death of Jalaluddin Rumi, author of Mathnavi, the most celebrated of Farsi poets and founder of the Maulavi Sufi order.
1274 : 672 AH
  Death of al Tusi, astronomer and inventor of the 2-axis gimbal.
  Emir al Yaqub of the Merinides defeats the Christians at the Battle of Ecija.
1277 : 676 AH
  Sultan Baybars defeats the Mongol armies at the Battle of Abulistan.
1278 : 677 AH
  Death of Sultan Baybars.
1289 : 688 AH
  The Mamlukes captures Acre, last Crusader stronghold in Syria.
1290 : 689 AH
  Sultan Malik Shah rules in Sumatra.
1291 : 690 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, well known Farsi poet.
1294 : 693 AH
  Marco Polo returns to Italy from journey to the East.
1295 : 694 AH
  Ghazan the Great, the Il Khan Emperor, accepts Islam.
 

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1300 : 699 AH
  Alauddin Khilji consolidates his empire over the subcontinent. Malik Kafur advances into southern India.
1301 : 700 AH
  Uthman Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman Empire, consolidates his holdings around Burs and Eskishehir; he defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yalakova.
  The Mamlukes triumph over the Il Khans at the Battle of Marj as Suffar.
1307 : 706 AH
  Mansa Musa becomes emperor of Mali.
1316 : 716 AH
  Death of Alauddin Khilji, emperor of India.
1320 : 720 AH
  The Khilji dynasty in India collapses.
  Beginning of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1324 : 724 AH
  Mansa Musa performs his hajj with an entourage of 12000.
1325 : 725 AH
  Death of Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi.
  Ibn Batuta begins his journey around the world.
  Death of Amir Khusroe ,famed Sufi poet of India
1326 : 726 AH
  Death of Uthman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. His successor Sultan Orkhan captures Bursa.
  Death of ibn Taymiyah, noted scholar, considered to be the founder of the “salafi” school of thought.
1333 : 733 AH
  Yusuf I becomes emir of Granada, breaks with Castille, forms an alliance with the sultan of Morocco and makes a last attempt to capture Spain from the Christians.
1334 : 734 AH
  Ibn Batuta arrives in Delhi.
  Death of Shaykh Safiuddin Ishaq, after whom the Safavid dynasty of Persia is named.
1335 : 735 AH
  Death of Abu Said, Il Khanid Prince.
1340 : 740 AH
  The Yuan Emperor Toghon Timur of China sends an embassy to the court of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India.
  The Merinide navy defeats the Spaniards at the Battle of Tarifa.
 

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1341 : 742 AH
  Death of Sultan ibn Qalawun of Egypt.
1345 : 746 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits Sultan Malik al Zahir of Pasai Indonesia.
1346 : 747 AH
  The Black Plague devastates Europe.
1351 : 752 AH
  Death of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India. The Tughlaq Empire begins to disintegrate.
1354 : 755 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits the Empire of Mali.
  The Ottomans capture Gallipoli and Ankara.
1355 : 756 AH
  Ibn Batuta returns to Tangier. The Merinide Sultan Abu Inan authorizes the writing of the Rehla of Ibn Batuta.
  The Genoese briefly occupy Tripoli, Libya.
1357 : 758 AH
  The Ottomans capture Erdirne.
1368 : 769 AH
  Timurlane, elected the leader of the Tatars, consolidates his hold on the valley of Farghana in Uzbekistan.
1369 : 770 AH
  Death of ibn Batuta.
1375 : 777 AH
  Dimitrius, Count of Moscow, wins a victory over the Tatar Golden Horde.
1376 : 778 AH
  The Golden Horde burns down Moscow.
1380 : 782 AH
  Timurlane begins his first campaign in Persia.
  Shaykh Awliya Karim al Maqdum introduces Islam into Mindanao, the Philippines.
  Kara Muhammed, leader of the Turkish tribe Kara Kuyunlu, establishes his kingdom near Mosul.
1381 : 783 AH
  The Ottomans capture Bulgaria.
1385 : 787 AH
  The Ottomans capture Thrace.
1387 : 789 AH
  Timurlane invades Russia and destroys the power of the Golden Horde. Russia begins its long march towards political consolidation.
1389 : 791 AH
  Bayazid I becomes the Ottoman sultan, defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosova.
  Death of Hafiz, one of the greatest of Farsi poets.
  Death of Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tareeqa of Bukhara.
1390 : 792 AH
  A combined French and Genoese force attacks Mahdiya, Tunisia.
1391 : 793 AH
  Bayazid I attacks Constantinople.
 

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1396 : 798 AH
  Bayazid defeats the Crusader armies at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1398 : 800 AH
  Timur sacks Isfahan, Persia.
1399 : 801 AH
  Timur invades India, sacks Delhi, India.
  Castille sacks Tetuan, Morocco.
 

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1400 : 802 AH
  Bayazid I lays siege to Constantinople.
1401 : 803 AH
  Timur defeats the Mamlukes of Egypt.
  Damascus surrenders to the Tatars.
  Timur sacks Baghdad.
1402 : 804 AH
  Timur defeats Bayazid I at the Battle of Ankara.
  Sulaiman I becomes the Ottoman sultan.
  Sultan Iskander Shah expels the Thais from Malaya.
1404 : 806 AH
  Timur embarks on an expedition to China.
1405 : 807 AH
  Timurlane dies en route to China; his son Shah Rukh succeeds him. 
1406 : 809 AH
  Sultan Sikander Shah of Malaysia accepts Islam.
  The great Chinese Admiral Zheng Yi (commonly known as Admiral Ho), a Muslim, sails to Malaya, Indonesia, India, Persia, Yemen, East Africa and the Cape of Good Hope with a fleet of 50 great ships.
  Death of ibn Khaldun, author of Muqaddamah.
1409 : 812 AH
  Shah Rukh, heir to Timurlane, occupies Samarqand.
1410 : 813 AH
  Kara Yusuf establishes the Kara Kuyunlu kingdom around Tabriz, Persia.
  Death of Gaysu Daraz, Sufi shaykh of the Deccan, India.
1411 : 814 AH
  Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya visits China at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor.
  Prince Mehmet begins the reconsolidation of the Ottoman Empire after the disastrous defeat in the Battle of Ankara.
1415 : 818 AH
  The Portuguese capture Ceuta in Morocco.
1420 : 823 AH
  Shah Rukh consolidates his hold on Persia.
1421 : 824 AH
  Murad II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1422 : 825 AH
  Murad II lays unsuccessful siege to Constantinople.
1424 : 827 AH
  Death of Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya.
1425 : 828 AH
  Tangier in Morocco, captured by the Portuguese.
1430 : 833 AH
  The Portuguese acquire the technology to sail against the wind from the Venetians.
1432 : 835 AH
  Portuguese captain Diaz sails around Cape Bajador in West Africa.
1434 : 837 AH 
  Death of Shah Rukh. Persia disintegrates. The Kara Kuyunlu and Aq Kuyunlu expand their territories.
 

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1441 : 845 AH
  First slave raid by the Portuguese in southern Morocco directed against Muslims.
1443 : 847 AH
  The Portuguese capture the island of Tristao off the coast of West Africa, later to gain notoriety in the Atlantic slave trade.
1444 : 848 AH
  Ottomans armies march into Hungary.
  Murad II defeats combined armies of Hungary, Wallachia and Venice at the Battle of Varna.
  The Portuguese Lagos Company chartered under Prince Henry.
1445 : 849 AH
  Printing is introduced into Europe. Portuguese sailor Diaz sails around West Africa.
1451 : 855 AH
  Mehmet II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Shaykh Rahmat converts the Majapahit ruler (Indonesia) Raja Kertawijaya to Islam.
  Islam spreads rapidly in Java.
1453 : 857 AH
  Mehmet II conquerors Constantinople, renames it Istanbul and makes it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1455 : 859 AH
  The Venetians sail to the delta of the Gambia River.
1456 : 860 AH
  Mehmet II captures Athens, Greece.
  The Portuguese arrive at the mouth of the Gambia River.
1458 : 862 AH
  The Portuguese occupy the fortress of al Qasr, Morocco.
1460 : 864 AH
  King Alfonso of Portugal authorizes Fernao Gomes to explore the western coast of Africa.
1461 : 865 AH
  Leonardo da Vinci begins his work in Venice.
1463 : 867 AH
  Mehmet II conquers Bosnia. Mosque of Sultan Mehmet II constructed in Istanbul.
1465 : 869 AH
  Death of al Jazuli, Sufi Shaykh in Morocco.
1467 : 871 AH
  Herzegovina conquered by Mehmet II.
  Uzun Hassan, leader of Aq Quyunlu defeats Jehan Shah, leader of the Kara Quyunlu. Jehan Shah dies in battle.
1471 : 876 AH
  Tangiers occupied by Portugal.
  Portugal occupies Arzila on the West coast of Morocco.
1473 : 878 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II defeats the Aq Kuyunlu Sultan Uzun Hassan. Portuguese captain Sequira sails to Benin, Nigeria.
1474 : 879 AH
  Commercial town of Kedah, in Indonesia, becomes Muslim.
1475 : 880 AH
  War between Spain and Portugal over rights to the Canary Islands.
1478 : 883 AH
  Kara Quli, a descendant of Jehan Shah, flees to India and establishes the Qutubshahi dynasty near Hyderabad.
  Death of Uzun Hassan, Aq Quyunlu Sultan.
  Turmoil in western Persia.
1479 : 884 AH
  Consolidation of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella.
1480 : 885 AH
  The Ottomans capture the island of Rhodes.
1481 : 886 AH
  Bayazid II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
 

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1482 : 887 AH
  Ferdinand of Spain attacks al Hama.
1483 : 888 AH
  Civil wars in Granada.
  Ferdinand captures Malaga, Spain.
1484 : 889 AH
  The Portuguese appear at the delta of the Congo River.
1487 : 892 AH
  Portuguese sailor Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
1488 : 893 AH
  Malaga, one of the last Nasirid strongholds, falls to Castille.
1489 : 894 AH
  Adil Shah becomes Sultan of Bijapur, India
1490 : 895 AH
  Ferdinand lays siege to Granada, called Santa Fe (Holy Faith).
1492 : 897 AH
  Columbus discovers America.
  Granada falls to the Christians.
  Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
  The Jews are expelled from Spain.
  Sultan Bayazid II takes Hungary.
  Lodhi Sultanate established in Delhi.
  Death of Abdur Rahman Jami, well known Farsi poet.
1493 : 898 AH
  Abu Abdallah, commonly known as Boabdil, last emir of Granada, leaves Spain.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes Emperor of Songhay.
1494 : 899 AH
  At the Treaty of Tordesillas arranged by Pope Alexander VI, Portugal and Spain agree to divide up the world for conquest.
1495 : 900 AH
  Shaykh Putah introduces Islam into the Celebes islands and western New Guinea.
1496 : 901 AH
  Vasco da Gama, sails around the Cape of Good Hope and with the help of Muslim navigator Ahmed ibn Majid, discovers route to Malabar, India.
1497 : 902 AH
  Zahiruddin Babur loses Samarqand.
  Askiya Muhammed moves the capital of Songhay to Gao on the Niger River.
1499 : 904 AH
  Ottoman navy defeats the Venetians, takes Lepanto, off the coast of Greece.
1500 : 905 AH
  Muslims in Granada resist the Spanish Inquisition.
  Spain institutes forced slavery in Cuba.
1501 : 906 AH
  Shah Ismail I, with the help of the Safaviyya Sufi order, establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
  The Uzbek Shaibani Khan evicts Zahiruddin Babur from Samarqand.
1502 : 907 AH
  Second voyage of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. The Portuguese bombard the city-states of East Africa, destroy the port city of Cochin, India and force the Raja of Cochin to expel Muslim traders.
  The Portuguese capture Shofala, East Africa.
  Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  Inquisition against the Muslims in Spain.
 

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1504 : 910 AH
  Babur takes Kabul, Afghanistan.
  Death of al Maghili, influential thinker from North Africa.
1505 : 911 AH
  Spain occupies Mars al Kabir, Algeria.
  The Portuguese occupy Agadir Morocco and build the fort of Santa Cruz.
  Portuguese captain Almeida raids Kilwa, Tanzania.
1507 : 913 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Safi, Morocco.
  The Portuguese occupy Bab el Mandap at the entrance to the Red Sea.
1508 : 914 AH
  A Mamluke fleet defeats the Portuguese off the coast of Chaul near modern Karachi.
  Spain occupies Oran, Algeria.
1509 : 915 AH
  The Mamlukes defeat the Portuguese navy off the coast of Yemen.
  Shah Ismail I defeats the Uzbek Shaibani Khan at the Battle of Merv.
  Spain occupies Bogie, Tunisia.
  The first batch of slaves bought in Lisbon for transportation to America.
1511 : 917 AH
  The Portuguese take Goa, India, and make it the capital of their operations in the Indian Ocean.
  The Inquisition is instituted against Hindus and Muslim in India.
  Spain destroys Tripoli, Libya.
  The Ottomans crush a Qazilbash uprising in eastern Anatolia at the Battle of Sivas.
1512 : 918 AH
  Selim I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Malacca.
  Tlemcen in North Africa becomes a protectorate of Spain.
  The Uzbeks defeat the Safavids at the Battle of Khuzduvan and take Khorasan.
1514 : 920 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats Shah Ismail I at the Battle of Chaldiran.
1515 : 921 AH
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Hormuz in Persia.
  The Portuguese control the entire Atlantic coastline of Morocco.
  First shipload of sugar from Cuba arrives in Spain.
1516 : 922 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Bahrain and Oman.
  The Ottomans capture Mosul.
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats the Mamlukes at the Battle of Marj Dabik in Syria.
1517 : 923 AH
  Selim I occupies Cairo.
  Egypt becomes a province of the Ottoman Empire.
  The Caliphate moves to Istanbul.
  Selim I becomes the first Ottoman Caliph of Islam.
  Muhammed al Mahdi becomes Sa’adid Sultan of Morocco.
  Martin Luther begins Protestant reformation in Germany.
  The Portuguese capture Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  The King of Spain grants license to import African slaves into America.
  Ibrahim Lodhi becomes Sultan of Delhi.
1519 : 925 AH
  Death of Leonardo da Vinci.
  Mexican silver flows into Europe.
 

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1520 : 926 AH
  Sulaiman the Magnificent becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1521 : 927 AH
  Sulaiman captures Belgrade.
  Cortez destroys the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
1522 : 928 AH
  Sulaiman captures Rhodes. Spain captures Central America.
1525 : 931 AH
  Death of Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  Tahmasp I becomes Safavid ruler of Persia.
  Babur takes Lahore, Pakistan.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent orders a reorganization of the Ottoman fleet to challenge the Spaniards and the Portuguese.
1526 : 932 AH
  Babur captures Delhi; the Moghul dynasty is born. Sulaiman the Magnificent defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Mohacs.
1527 : 933 AH
  Babur defeats Rajput armies at the Battle of Khanua.
1528 : 934 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman captures the city of Buda in Hungary.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes blind and is deposed as the Emperor of Songhay.
1529 : 935 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman lays siege to Vienna, Austria.
1530 : 936 AH
  Death of Zahiruddin Babur. His son Humayun ascends the Moghul throne in Delhi.
  The Englishman William Hawkins raids the Ivory Coast.
1534 : 940 AH
  Khairuddin, admiral of the Ottoman fleets, recaptures Tunis.
  Henry VIII takes the Church of England out of the orbit of Rome.
1535 : 941 AH
  Sulaiman Pasha, Ottoman governor of Egypt, drives the Portuguese from Yemen.
  The English Parliament passes laws against loitering in London.
  John Calvin preaches the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
  Stock Exchange is established in London.
1536 : 943 AH
  Khairuddin raids Valencia, Spain.
1537 : 944 AH
  Khairuddin captures Otranto, Italy and threatens Rome.
1538 : 945 AH
  Khairuddin victorious over combined navies of Venice and the Vatican at the Battle of Prevesa.
1540 : 947 AH
  Spain colonizes the Philippines.
  Destruction of religious relics in England. Beginning of the end of feudalism in England.
  Sher Shah Suri defeats Moghul Emperor Humayun and displaces him from the throne of Delhi until 1555.
1541 : 948 AH
  Charles V of Spain strikes at the Algerian coast.
  Ottoman Admiral Khairuddin takes Otranto, Italy.
  Muhammed al Saadi drives the Portuguese from the fort of Santa Cruz in Morocco.
 

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1542 : 949 AH
  Increasing tribal warfare in West Africa.
1546 : 953 AH
  Death of Khairuddin. Piri Rais becomes admiral of Ottoman navies.
1550 : 957 AH
  Kingdom of Acheh in Indonesia is founded. Islam spreads in the Archipelago.
1551 : 958 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tripoli.
  Piri Rais challenges the Portuguese blockage of the Straits of Hormuz.
1553 : 960 AH
  Thomas Wyndham of England raids the coast of West Africa.
1554 : 961 AH
  John Lock of England raids the Ivory Coast.
1557 : 964 AH
  The Ottomans occupy Masawa, Eritrea.
1558 : 965 AH
  Akbar becomes Moghul Emperor of India.
1560 : 967 AH
  Akbar adds Malwa, Chitoor, Rathambur, Gujrat and Bengal to the Moghul Empire (1560-1574).
  Abul Fazal and Faizi, well known writers, grace the Moghul court.
  Akbar surrounds himself with the “seven gems”; men of outstanding capabilities, including the musician Tan Sen and the Finance Minister Raja Todar Mal.
1561 : 968 AH
  Piri Rais prepares an accurate map of the Atlantic seaboard.
  The Ottomans destroy a Spanish fleet at the Battle of Djerba.
1562 : 969 AH
  Akbar marries Jodha Bai, princess of Amber, Rajasthan.
1563 : 970 AH
  First English fortifications off the coasts of New Guinea.
1564 : 971 AH
  Spain occupies the Philippines.
1565 : 972 AH
  Battle of Telekote, India. The combined forces of Bijapur, Golkunda, Bidar and Gulbarga defeat the armies of Vijayanagar in southern India.
  Piri Rais undertakes unsuccessful siege of Malta.
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, captures Gujrat.
  John Hawkins of England conducts slave raids on Sierra Leone.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent passes away
 

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1566 : 973 AH
  Muslims in Spain rebel against forced conversion to Catholicism.
1571 : 979 AH
  Battle of Lepanto. Combined navies of Spain, Venice, Austria and the Vatican defeat the Ottoman navy and occupy Tunis. Ottoman naval advance into the western Mediterranean is halted.
1572 : 980 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tunis.
  The Dutch gain their independence from Spain.
1573 : 981 AH
  The Moghul Emperor Akbar authorizes the construction of four large temples in Mathura.
1576 : 984 AH
  The Ottomans advance through Algeria and take the city of Fez in Morocco.
1578 : 986 AH
  Battle of Al Qasr al Kabir. The Sa’adid Sultan Ahmed al Mansur crushes the Portuguese army. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. Morocco remains independent. Ottoman westward advance is halted.
1579 : 987 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, completes the construction of a new city, Fatehpur Sikri. He starts ecumenical discussions with all religious faiths in the Ibadat Khana.
1580 : 988 AH
  Ottoman Admiral Ali Beg raids Portuguese positions in East Africa.
  Skirmishes between the Empire of Songhay and the Sa’adids of Morocco over the salt mines of Taodini.
  Portugal becomes a protectorate of Spain.
1581 : 989 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, moves to Lahore, and adds Kashmir, Sindh, Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan to his empire.
  Akbar completes the construction of a Jami Masjid in Peshawar.
  Queen Elizabeth I sends Harborne as ambassador to Istanbul to seek trade relations with the Ottomans.
1585 : 993 AH
  War between the Safavids and the Ottomans for control of Iraq and Azerbaijan.
1587 : 995 AH
  Pope Sixtus V authorizes a Catholic crusade against England.
  The English defeat the Scots. Consolidation of Britain under the English throne.
1588 : 996 AH
  Shah Abbas becomes Safavid emperor of Persia.
  The Spanish armada is destroyed off the coast of England.
  Death of Sinan, architect of Sulaimaniye and Shehzade mosques in Turkey.
 

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1590 : 998 AH
  William Shakespeare writes in England.
1591 : 999 AH
  The Bohras emerge as a sub-branch of the Fatimids.
1592 : 1000 AH
  The Sa’adids of Morocco invade the Songhay Empire. A strong force under Judar Pasha destroys Timbaktu.
1596 : 1004 AH
  Akbar captures Ahmednagar in the Deccan, India.
1598 : 1006 AH
  A second Spanish attempt to conquer England ends in failure.
1600 : 1008 AH
  Dutch ascendancy in the Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade gathers momentum.
  The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I.
1602 : 1010 AH
  Shah Abbas drives the Portuguese from Bahrain.
  The Dutch East India Company is formed.
1603 : 1012 AH
  Death of Queen Elizabeth I. 
1605 : 1014 AH
  Death of Moghul Emperor Akbar.
1609 : 1018 AH
  Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
1615 : 1024 AH
  The Dutch capture the Straits of Malacca from the Portuguese.
  Thomas Roe arrives in India as British ambassador to the Moghul court.
  Galileo is tried by the Church for his view that the earth is not the center of the universe.
1619 : 1028 AH
  The Dutch East India Company obtains trading rights on the island of Java.
  Thomas Roe obtains a farman from the Great Moghul Jehangir granting Britain trading rights in India.
 

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1620 : 1029 AH
  Sufi doctrines spread to East Asia.
  The Pilgrims land at Port Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1622 : 1031 AH
  Shah Abbas I, with the help of the British navy, expels the Portuguese from the Straits of Hormuz. The British obtain trading rights in Persia.
1623 : 1032 AH
  Murad IV becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1624 : 1033 AH
  Death of Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, referred to as Mujaddid alf e Thani (Reformer of the Second Millennium). He expounded the doctrine of Wahdat as Shahada.
1626 : 1035 AH
  The Dutch establish themselves in New Amsterdam (New York).
1627 : 1036 AH
  Shah Jehan, Moghul Emperor of India.
1630 : 1039 AH
  Death of German Astronomer Johann Kepler.
1635 : 1045 AH
  Death of Mian Pir of Lahore, teacher of Dara Shikoh, son of Shah Jehan.
  Emperor Shah Jehan expels the Portuguese from Bengal.
1638 : 1048 AH
  Shah Jehan builds a new capital at Delhi. Construction of the Jami Masjid in Delhi.
1639 : 1049 AH
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Madras.
1640 : 1050 AH
  Armed rivalry between Britain, France and the Dutch for control of the slave trade.
  Portugal gains its independence from Spain.
  The Dutch capture Sri Lanka.
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Calcutta.
 

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1641 : 1051 AH
  Sultana Tajul Alam Safiyyiatuddin rules as Queen of Acheh. She is the first of four queens to rule over the northern part of Sumatra.
  The Dutch capture Cochin on the West coast of India.
1642 : 1052 AH
  The Dutch establish a colony at Masulipatam on the East coast of India.
1643 : 1053 AH
  War between Venice and the Ottomans for control of Crete.
1648 : 1058 AH
  Shah Jehan completes the Taj Mahal, the most celebrated monument to love, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  The Portuguese recapture Brazil from the Dutch.
1655 : 1065 AH
  The Kurpulu brothers Mehmet Pasha and Fazil Ahmed revitalize the Ottoman administration (1655-1676).
1658 : 1068 AH
  Aurangzeb becomes the Moghul Emperor.
1659 : 1069 AH
  End of the Sa’adid dynasty in Morocco.
1660 : 1070 AH
  Isaac Newton revolutionizes physics.
1664 : 1074 AH
  The British seize New Amsterdam, rename it New York.
  The Battle of St. Gotthard between the Ottomans and the European “Holy League” ends in a stalemate.
1666 : 1076 AH
  The Qur’an is translated into the Malay language.
1668 : 1079 AH
  King Charles II of England sells Bombay to the East India Company.
1676 : 1087 AH
  Kara Mustafa Pasha becomes grand vizier in Istanbul.
1677 : 1088 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over access to the Black Sea.
1683 : 1094 AH
  The second siege of Vienna ends in failure. The Ottomans lose Hungary.
1686 : 1097 AH
  The Hapsburgs advance through Hungary towards Belgrade.
  The British make an attempt to capture the port of Chittagong in India and are beaten back by Moghul forces. 
1687 : 1098 AH
  The Ottomans are defeated at the second Battle of Mohacs.  
1694 : 1105 AH
  The Bank of England advances a perpetual loan of 1.2 million pounds to the British Crown in return for the privilege of putting its own notes into circulation.
1696 : 1107 AH
  Peter of Russia captures the strategic fortress of Azov from the Ottomans.
  The Sultan of Oman recaptures Fort Jesus of Mombasa from the Portuguese.
1707 : 1119 AH
  Death of Aurangzeb. The Moghul Empire begins to disintegrate.
 

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1708 : 1120 AH
  The assassination of Guru Gobind Singh sets off Sikh revolts against Moghul rule in India.
1713 : 1125 AH
  The British displace the Dutch as the most powerful force in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
1722 : 1134 AH
  Tahmasp II, last Safavid ruler of Persia ascends the Persian throne.
  Nizam ul Mulk is appointed the Subedar of Hyderabad.
1736 : 1149 AH
  Nadir Shah becomes Emperor of Persia, displaces the Safavid Tahmasp II.
1739 : 1152 AH
  Nadir Shah of Persia invades India, sacks Delhi, and carries off the Peacock Throne.
1740 : 1153 AH
  Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab starts his movement in Najd, Arabia.
1741 : 1154 AH
  Ahmed ibn Said becomes Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar and attempts to build a strong navy. 
1746 : 1159 AH
  Muhammed ibn Saud establishes the Saudi dynasty near Riyadh.
1754 : 1167 AH
  The French General Dupleix leaves India. France loses the contest for control of Indian trade to the British.
1756 : 1169 AH
  Anglo-French wars in India and America (1756-63). The British are victorious over the French.
1757 : 1170 AH
  The Battle of Plassey. The British gain control of Bengal, India.
1758 : 1171 AH
  The Industrial Revolution in England gains momentum, fueled by the loot from Bengal.
  The Marathas occupy Lahore; oust Timur, son of Nadir Shah of Kabul.
1761 : 1174 AH
  Third Battle of Panipat near Delhi. The Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeat Maratha armies.
1762 : 1175 AH
  Death of Shah Waliullah of Delhi, leading reformer.
1763 : 1176 AH
  The Treaty of Paris. The French give up their interests in India and America.
 

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1764 : 1177 AH
  The British starve the Begums of Oudh, India, to surrender their jewels.
  Battle of Buxor. The British defeat the combined armies of Oudh, Bengal and Delhi.
1765 : 1178 AH
  The British wage a brutal campaign against the Afghans of Rohilla in India.
1767 : 1181 AH
  The First Mysore War (1767-68). Tippu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali force the British to sue for peace.
1772 : 1186 AH
  The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1776 : 1190 AH
  The Colonies declare independence in America. The American War of Independence (1776-83) follows.
1780 : 1194 AH
  The Second Mysore War. Tippu Sultan defeats the British at the Battle of Pollipur.
1781 : 1195 AH
  George Washington defeats General Cornwallis at the Battle of Saratoga. Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, retires to England, is hired by the East India Company, and is sent to battle Tippu Sultan of Mysore.
1787 : 1201 AH)
  Death of Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab of Arabia.
1789 : 1203 AH
  The Third Mysore War (1789-91). Cornwallis forces Tippu Sultan to cede half of his Territory; takes Tippu’s children as hostage.
  Beginning of the French Revolution.
1793 : 1207 AH
  The British Permanent Settlement Act imposes feudal landlords upon Bengal.
1798 : 1213 AH
  Napoleon lands in Egypt and is victorious at the Battle of the Pyramids.
  The British capture Colombo from the Dutch.
1799 : 1214 AH
  Napoleon corresponds with Tippu Sultan of Mysore and the Sultan of Oman about an invasion of India.
  Tippu Sultan falls at the Battle of Srirangapatam.
  Napoleon is defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar and is forced to withdraw from Egypt.
1801 : 1216 AH
  The Wahhabis raid Karbala. Wahhabi movement spreads to Iraq. The Wahhabis raid the Hejaz.
1803 : 1218 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Ottoman governor of Egypt; starts a long series of reforms.
  The Marathas in Poona, India, sue for peace with the British.
  Denmark abolishes the slave trade.
  Emir Abdul Aziz of Najd captures Mecca.
1805 : 1220 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Pasha of Egypt.
1806 : 1221 AH
  British armies enter Delhi.
 

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1807 : 1222 AH
  Uthman dan Fuduye establishes the Sokoto Caliphate.
  Muhammed Ali Pasha beats back a British attempt to seize Alexandria, Egypt.
1808 : 1223 AH
  The United States abolishes the slave trade.
1812 : 1227 AH
  Muhammed Ali of Egypt recaptures Mecca and Hejaz from the Wahhabis (1812-15).
1817 : 1232 AH
  Death of Uthman dan Fuduye, mujahid in West Africa.
  Muhammed Bello becomes Caliph of the Sokoto Empire.
1818 : 1233 AH
  Holland abolishes the slave trade.
1821 : 1236 AH
  Greek war against the Ottomans.
1827 : 1242 AH
  Naval Battle of Navarino pits European axis against the Ottomans.
  Shaykh Ahmed Lobo establishes the kingdom of Lobo in West Africa.
1828 : 1243 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over control of the Black Sea. Russia advances into Anatolia.
1830 : 1246 AH
  Greece breaks off from the Ottoman Empire.
  France occupies Algiers.
1834 : 1250 AH
  Beginning of Muslim resistance to the Russians in Daghestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.
1835 : 1251 AH
  The Ottomans defeat the French at Malta.
  The British replace Persian with English in the higher courts in India.
1837 : 1253 AH
  Sanusiya Sufi brotherhood is founded in North Africa.
1838 : 1254 AH
  British invasion of Afghanistan ends in failure.
1839 : 1255 AH
  Abdul Mecit I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Beginning of Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire.
1840 : 1256 AH
  France starts colonization of Algeria.
1846 : 1262 AH
  The Bank Act of 1846 in England confers legal recognition on the negotiability of credit documents.
1848 : 1264 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah ascends the throne of Persia.
1850 : 1266 AH
  The Bahai schism starts in Persia.
1851 : 1267 AH
  The British build a railroad linking Alexandria with Suez (1851-54).
1853 : 1269 AH
  The Tijaniya Sufi brotherhood is established in West Africa.
  Beginning of the Crimean War. Britain and France support the Ottomans against Russia.
 

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1854 : 1270 AH
  Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt grants a concession to French Engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps to build the Suez Canal. Egypt borrows funds from international bankers to complete the canal.
  The Ottomans take their first loan from international bankers.
1856 : 1272 AH
  End of the Crimean war between Russia and the Ottomans.
1857 : 1273 AH
  The Sepoy Uprising in India. After initial successes, the Uprising is crushed by the British. End of Moghul rule. The British exile the last Moghul Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon, Burma.
1858 : 1274 AH
  The Russians capture Imam Shamil, Naqshbandi Imam in Daghestan. End of Muslim resistance in Chechnya and Daghestan.
1859 : 1275 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Sanusi, Reformer, Sufi Shaykh of Libya.
1860 : 1276 AH
  Alhajj Omar resists French colonization in Sene-Gambia.
1861 : 1277 AH
  American Civil War (1861-65). The price of Egyptian cotton soars in world markets.
1863 : 1280 AH
  Abraham Lincoln proclaims the abolition of slavery.
1869 : 1286 AH
  The Suez Canal opens with much fanfare.
  The price of Egyptian cotton drops precipitously. Egyptian public debt mounts.
  Tunisia falters on debt payments to European bankers. The International Debt Commission for Tunisia assumes control over Tunisian finances.
1871 : 1288 AH
  A unified Germany emerges as the most powerful continental power in Europe.
1873 : 1290 AH
  The Dutch capture the Kingdom of Acheh in Sumatra. Beginning of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.
1874 : 1291 AH
  Syed Ahmed Khan founds the Aligarh College in India.
1875 : 1292 AH
  Egypt sells off its share in the Suez Canal Company to the British to partially offset its debts.
1876 : 1293 AH
  Abdul Hamid II becomes the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph. He starts consolidation of ties with Muslim peoples worldwide.
  Egypt falters on debt payments. Britain and France appoint a Commission on Egyptian Public Debt with the power to confiscate revenues.
 

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1877 : 1294 AH
  Russia invades the Ottoman Empire (1877-78). Russian troops advance to within ten miles of Istanbul and dictate capitulation terms to the Turks at the Treaty of San Stefano.
1878 : 1295 AH
  Egypt is forced by Britain and France to accept international control over her finances.
  Treaty of Berlin results in effective dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
  Britain occupies Cyprus.
1879 : 1296 AH
  Britain and France force Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt to abdicate in favor of his son Tawfiq Pasha. Sultan Abdul Hamid acquiesces in the abdication.
1880 : 1297 AH
  The French, in violation of the Treaty of Berlin, occupy Tunisia and declare it a “protectorate”.
1881 : 1298 AH
  Egyptian nationalists under Ahmed Torabi Pasha stage protests against foreign control.
1882 : 1299 AH
  The British bombard Alexandria into submission, defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Tel el Kabir and occupy Cairo.
  The Mahdi seizes Khartoum and establishes a Caliphate in the Sudan.
1885 : 1302 AH
  The British storm Khartoum. Death of al Mahdi of the Sudan.
  An Englishman, Allan Hume, founds the Indian National Congress.
1888 : 1305 AH
  Ghulam Mirza Ahmed starts the Ahmadiya schism in Punjab, India. The movement draws strong opposition from the ulema.
1891 : 1308 AH
  The Tobacco Concession touches off an uproar in Persia. Peaceful boycott of tobacco, under a fatwa from Hajji Mirza Hassan Shirazi, forces the Shah to rescind the Concession.
1896 : 1314 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah of Persia is assassinated.
1901 : 1319 AH
  Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Riyadh.
1906 : 1324 AH
  All India Muslim League is founded.
1907 : 1325 AH
  Death of Muzaffaruddin Shah of Persia. His son Muhammed Ali Mirza becomes the Shah. The first Majlis is elected in Persia.
  The Young Turks Movement in Turkey gathers momentum.
1908 : 1326 AH
  Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  Constitutional revolution in Persia. Muhammed Ali Shah of Persia is deposed. His young son Ahmed Mirza becomes the Shah.
1909 : 1327 AH
  Sultan Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks.
  Mehmet V becomes the Sultan.
1911 : 1329 AH
  The Sanusi brotherhood resists the Italian invasion of Libya.
1912 : 1330 AH
  Muhammadiya movement is organized in Indonesia.
  Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1913 : 1331 AH
  The Balkan war begins. Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria invade Ottoman territories. Albania becomes independent. The Ottomans are forced to withdraw from most of the Balkans.
1914 : 1332 AH
  A Serb in Sarajevo murders Prince Francis Ferdinand of Austria. Austria declares war on Serbia.
  Russia declares war on Austria.
  Germany declares war on Russia.
  France and England declare war on Germany.
  The Triple Entente powers (Britain, France and Russia) declare war on the Ottomans.
  Beginning of World War I.
 

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1915 : 1333 AH
  The Ottomans contain British advances in Iraq and beat back attempts to capture Baghdad and Istanbul.
1916 : 1334 AH
  The British promise to set up a unified Arab state.
  Sharif Hussain declares himself king of Hejaz, attacks Ottoman garrisons in Arabia.
  Lawrence of Arabia, a British intelligence officer, works with the Arabs.
  The Sykes-Picot agreement divides up the Ottoman territories between England, France, Russia, Greece and Italy.
1917 : 1335 AH
  Anglo Indian troops under Allenby capture Baghdad and Jerusalem.
  The Balfour Declaration promises to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  The French take Beirut.
  Germany releases the Bolshevik leader Lenin to pressure Russia to drop out of the War.
  The United States enters the War.
  The Russian army begins to collapse on the western front. The October Revolution brings the Bolsheviks to power. Russia pulls out of the War.
1918 : 1336 AH
  Mehmet VI becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Damascus falls to British Forces.
  Germany and the Ottoman Empire capitulate. End of World War I.
  The Wafd movement starts in Egypt.
1919 : 1337 AH
  The victorious allies partition the Ottoman Empire.
  Greece invades Anatolia.
1920 : 1338 AH
  French mandate over Syria.
  British mandate over Iraq and Palestine.
  The Greeks capture Alashehir, Bahkesir, Bandarma and Bursa.
  The Turks stop the Greeks at the Battle of Ankara.
1921 : 1339 AH
  The British appoint Abdullah, son of Sharif Hussain, as emir of Trans Jordan.
  Faisal, another son of Hussain, is appointed emir of Iraq.
  The Turks are victorious over the Greeks at the Battle of the Sakarya River. Greece retreats from Anatolia.
1922 : 1340 AH
  Abdul Mecit II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Mustafa Kemal becomes President of the Republic of Turkey.
1924 : 1342 AH
  The Turkish National Assembly abolishes the Caliphate
 

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1927 : 1345 AH
  Tablighi Jamaat reform movement founded in India
1928 : 1346 AH
  Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brothers) founded in Egypt
1941 : 1360 AH
  Jamaat-i Islami reform movement founded in Lahore, India
1945 : 1364 AH
  Indonesia becomes independent republic
  Islam spreads to the West with mass migrations from Asia, Africa and India
1947 : 1366 AH
  Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
1957 : 1376 AH
  Independent Malayan state established with Islam as the official religion but guaranteed tolerance
1960 : 1379 AH
  Familes from SE Asia and North Africa emigrate to Europe and the Americas
1979 : 1399 AH
  Shah of Iran is overthrown by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni, who establishes strict fundamentalist rule of Shi'a principles
1990 : 1410 AH 
  Taliban come to power in Afghanistan
2001 : 1422 AH 
  Muslim extremists attack the United States 
2003 : 1424 AH     
  Saddam Hussien ousted by Western forces     
 

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New Plymouth : Taranaki
New Zealand

            

Geography                 

xx

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History                         

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Muslim                        

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Palmerston North : Wanganui-Manawatu
New Zealand

           

Geography                         

 

Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands

 

Territoire des îles Wallis-et-Futuna(French)
Telituale o Uvea mo Futuna (Fakauvea) (Fakafutuna)

Flag of Wallis and Futuna

Flag

{{{coat_alt}}}

Coat of arms

Motto: "Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité"

Anthem: La Marseillaise

Location of Wallis and Futuna
Status Overseas collectivity
Capital

and largest city

Mata Utu
13°17′S 176°11′W
Official languages French
Vernacular
languages
Ethnic groups Polynesians[1]
Demonym(s)
  • Wallisian
  • Futunan
Sovereign state  France
Government Overseas collectivity
 

• President of France

Emmanuel Macron

• Administrator Superior

Jean-Francis Treffel

• President of the
Territorial Assembly

David Vergé

• King of Uvea

Patalione Kanimoa(since 2016)

• King of Alo

Filipo Katoa (since 2016)

• King of Sigave

Eufenio Takala (since 2016)
Status
 

• Overseas territory

1959a

• Overseas collectivity

2003
Area

• Total

142.42 km2(54.99 sq mi) (unranked)

• Water (%)

negligible
Population

• 2016 estimate

11,899[2] (228th)

• 2013[3] census

12,197

• Density

83.55/km2(216.4/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (nominal) 2005 estimate

• Total

US$188 million[4] (not ranked)

• Per capita

US$12,640[4] (not ranked)
HDI (2008) Increase 0.793
high · 132
Currency CFP franc (XPF)
Time zone UTC+12
Calling code +681
ISO 3166 code WF
Internet TLD .wf
  1. By popular vote.

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Capital

and largest village

Alofi
19°03′14″S169°55′12″W
Official languages
Demonym(s) Niuean
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy under a non-partisan democracy
 

• Monarch

Elizabeth II

• Governor General

Dame Patricia Reddy

• Premier

Toke Talagi
Legislature Niue Assembly
Associated state of New Zealand
 

• Self-government in free associationwith New Zealand

19 October 1974

• Independence in foreign relations recognised by the UN[1][2]

1994
Area

• Total

261.46[3] km2(100.95 sq mi)

• Water (%)

negligible
Population

• 2016 estimate

1,624[4] (231st)

• Density

5.35/km2(13.9/sq mi) (n/a)
GDP (PPP) 2003 estimate

• Total

$10.0 million[5](228th)

• Per capita

$5,800[6] (164th)
Currency New Zealand dollar[a](NZD)
Time zone UTC−11
Driving side left
Calling code +683
ISO 3166 code NU
Internet TLD .nu
  1. ^ The Niue dollarpegged with the New Zealand dollar at par, is also official legal tender, although is mainly used for issuing collector's coins and does not circulate widely.

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History                              

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Muslim                             

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World Islamic History : 591 H
16/12/1194 - 4/12/1195 CE

                    

Other Events                                   

July 19, 1195 .... Battle of Alarcos

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Islamic Lineage                               

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Islamic Timeline                             

1 - 100 (623 - 719)
101 - 200 (720 - 816)
201- 300 (817 - 913)
301 - 400 (914 - 1010)
401 - 500 (1011 - 1107)
501 - 600 (1108 - 1204)
601 - 700 (1205 - 1301)
701 - 800 (1302 - 1398)
801 - 900 (1399 - 1495)
901 - 1000 (1496 - 1592)
1001 - 1100 (1593 - 1689)
1101 - 1200 (1690 - 1786)
1201 - 1300 (1787 - 1883)
1301 - 1400 (1884 - 1980)
1401 - 1500 (1981 - 2078)

570 : 52 BH
  Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca
610 : 12 BH
  Revelation of the first versus of the Quran
  Ali ibn Abu Talib and Abu Bakar as Siddiq accept Islam
615 : 7 BH
  Conversion of Omar Ibn Al Khattab
620 : 2 BH
  A group of Muslims migrates to Abyssinia to escape the persecution in Mecca
622 : 1 AH
  Prophet Muhammad migrates to Madina
  Start of the Islamic calendar
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624  : 2 AH 
  Battle of Badr
625 : 3 AH
  Battle of Uhud  
626 : 5 AH
  Battle of Khandaq / Battle of the Trench 
627 : 6 AH
  Prophet Muhammad concludes the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the Meccans
628 : 7 AH
  The Muslims reclaim Mecca
  The Prophet sends messages to Khosroe of Persia, Heraclius of Byzantium, Muqawqis of Egypt and the king of Yemen, inviting them to accept Islam 
632 : 11 AH
  Farewell pilgrimage of Prophet Muhammad
  The last verse of the Quran is revealed
  Defensive expedition to Tabuk against the Byzantines ends in a stalemate and commander Zaid bin Harris is killed in action
  Prophet Muhammad passes away
  The Companions establish the Caliphate to affirm the historical continuity of Islam
  Abu Bakar as Siddiq is elected the first Caliph
  Death of Fatimah az Zahra beloved daughter of the Prophet,wife of Ali ibn Abu Talib
 

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633 : 12 AH
  Abu Bakar conducts campaigns against eastern Arabs to ensure their compliance with zakat
  Rise of the false prophets
  Battle of Yamama against Musailimah Al Kazzab
  Abu Bakar authorizes the preparation of a written copy of the Quran, the Mashaf e Siddiqi
634 : 13 AH
  Muslim armies defeat the Byzantines at the Battle of Ajnadyn
  Abu Bakar passes away
  Omar ibn Al Khattab is elected the Caliph
635 : 14 AH
  Campaigns against eastern Roman and Persian Empires
  The Muslims capture Damascus
636 : 15 AH
  The Persian army is defeated at the Battle of Qadasia
  The Byzantines are defeated at the Battle of Yarmuk
  Jerusalem conquered by Arab armies. Freedom of worship is guaranteed to Christians.
 

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637 : 16 AH
  The Muslims capture Madayen, capital of the Persian Empire
640 : 19 AH
  Omar bin al As begins campaigns in Egypt
641 : 20 AH
  Arab armies advance towards Khorasan, Afghanistan dan Sindh
642 : 21 AH
  The conquest of Egypt is completed
  Caliph Omar streamlines the administration of the vast empire
  Judical rulings of Omar ibn al Khattab and Ali ibn Abu Talib provide a basis for the sciences of Fiqh
  Persian armies defeated at the Battle of Nahawand
643 : 22 AH
  First construction of the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem
644 : 23 AH
  Caliph Omar ibn Al Khattab is assassinated
  Uthman bin Affan is elected the Caliph
649 : 28 AH
  Cyprus is captured from the Byzantines
650 : 29 AH
  Pronunciation of Quranic verses standardized
652 : 31 AH
  Death of Abu Dhar al Ghifari, venerated Companion and Sufi
656 : 36 AH
  Caliph Uthman bin Affan is assassinated
  Ali ibn Abu Talib is elected the Caliph
  Beginning of the Civil Wars
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats dissidents under Aisha binti Abu Bakar at the Battle of the Camel  
657 : 37 AH
  Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, refuses to recognize the Caliphate of Ali
  Battle of Siffin between forces of Ali and Muawiya
  Beginning of the Kharijite schism
 

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658 : 38 AH
  Ali ibn Abu Talib defeats the Kharijites at the Battle of Nahrawan
  Muawiya is declared the Caliph by his supporters in Damascus
659 : 39 AH
  Truce between Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
661 : 41 AH
  Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib is assassinated
  Age of Khulafa e Rashidoon ends
  Muawiya claims the Caliphate
  Beginning of the Umayyad dynasty
  Imam Hassan ibn Ali retires from politics
665 : 45 AH
  Muawiya orders the buildup of a navy
667 : 47 AH
  Muslim armies capture Khorasan
669 : 49 AH
  Death of Imam Hassan ibn Ali
670 : 50 AH
  Uqba bin Nafi begins the conquest of North Africa
  The city of Khairaoun in North Africa is founded
671 : 51 AH
  Muslim armies capture the island of Rhodes
  The first attempt to capture Constantinople fails
678 : 58 AH
  Death of Aisha binti Abu Bakar wife of Prophet Muhammad and the source of a large number of Hadith
 

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680 : 60 AH
  Death of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan
  Yazid son of Muawiya becomes Omayyad ruler
  The tragedy of Karbala, Hussain ibn Ali,grandson of the Prophet is martyred
  Beginning of Yawm e Ashoora
683 : 63 AH
  Yazid sacks Madina
  Uqba bin Nafi conquers North Africa
  Death of Yazid: Muawiya II succeeds him
684 : 64 AH
  Marwan I becomes the Caliph
685 : 65 AH
  Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph
  Construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
  Muslim armies advance into Central Asia
690 : 71 AH
  Omayyad armies reach the Atlantic Ocean
691 : 72 AH
  Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is completed
692 : 73 AH
  Abdul Malik mints the first coins of the Islamic state
693 : 74 AH
  Al Hajjaj also known as al Hajjaj the cruel becomes governor of Iraq
694 : 75 AH
  Construction of the Omayyad Mosque in Damascus
699 : 80 AH
  Death of Al Juhani rationalist, philosopher
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705 : 86 AH
  Al Walid I becomes the Caliph and begins a vigorous expansion of the empire
711 : 92 AH
  Tariq ibn Ziyad lands in Spain. Visigoth army under Rodriguez is defeated at the Battle of Buhayrah
  Muhammad bin Qasim lands at Debal subdues Baluchistan , Sindh , Multan and southern Punjab
712 : 93 AH
  Musa ibn Nusair advances into Leon, Astoria, and Galicia
  Beginning of 780 years of Muslim rule in Andalus
  Jewish golden age in Spain
  Death of Imam Zainul Abedin
713 : 94 AH
  Zaid bin Zainul Abedin organizes resistance to the Omayyads. Beginning of the Zaidi branch.
  Muslim armies capture Lyons in France
714 : 95 AH
  Muhammad bin Qasim recalled from Sindh by Hajjaj bin Yusuf and imprisoned until death
  Muslims capture Normandy in France
715 : 96 AH
  Sulaiman becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Musa ibn Nusair recalled from Spain by Caliph Sulaiman, stripped of all power and banished into the desert
717 : 98 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz becomes the Caliph and attempts reconciliation in the Islamic community. He lowers taxes on peasants in Persia and Egypt.
  The Byzantines repulse a second Muslim attempt to capture Constantinople.
  Spread of Islam into Persia and Egypt picks up momentum
 

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719 : 100 AH
  Omar bin Abdul Aziz is poisoned
  Yazid II becomes the Caliph
720 : 101 AH
  Muslim armies cross the Pyrenees and occupy southern France
724 : 106 AH
  Hisham becomes the Caliph
728 : 110 AH
  Death of Hasan al Basri,well known Sufi Shaykh
731 : 113 AH
  Death of Imam al Baqir
732 : 114 AH
  Charles Martel stops the Muslim advance into Europe at the Battle of Tours
735 : 117 AH
  Muslim armies advance through southern France and occupy mountain passes in Switzerland
740 : 122 AH
  Death of Imam Zaid bin Zain ul Abedin
743 : 125 AH
  Al Walid II becomes the Caliph
744 : 126 AH
  Abu Muslim is appointed the chief dayee of Khorasan
  Yazid III, Ibrahim and Marwan II become the Caliphs in rapid succession
745 : 127 AH
  Imam Jaafar as Saadiq discusses Fiqh issues in his study circles. Imam Abu Haneefa participates in these studies and benefits from them.
746 : 128 AH
  Beginning of the Abbasid revolution in Khorasan
747 : 129 AH
  Kufa falls to the Abbasids. Abu Muslim nominates Abul Abbas as the first Abbasid Caliph
750 : 132 AH
  The Abbasid Revolution
  The Abbasid forces defeat the Caliph Marwan at the Battle of Kushaf. The Umayyads are swept away from power and are slaughtered
  Andur Rahman I escapes to Spain
  Beginning of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad. Abu Abbas al Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph
 

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751 : 133 AH
  Battle of Tlas.The Muslim armies are victorious over the forces of the Tang Empire. China cedes Central Asia to the Caliphate
  Systematic development of Fiqh begins
754 : 136 AH
  Al Mansur becomes the Caliph,sends troops into China in response to a request for help from the Tang Emperor Tsung. 
755 : 138 AH
  The Umayyad Abdur Rahman I establishes the Umayyad Emirate in Cordoba Spain
759 : 142 AH
  The Franks recapture Narbonne from the Muslims
760 : 143 AH
  Death of Imam Ismail, son of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq
  Beginning of the Fatimid branch among Muslims
763 : 146 AH
  Baghdad becomes the seat of the Caliphate and the cradle of Islamic civilization
765 : 148 AH
  Death of Imam Jaafar as Saadiq one of the principal sources of Fiqh. Caliph al Mansur establishes schools of translation in Baghdad.
  Muslims come into contact with Greek philosophy and Indian mathematics
768 : 151 AH
  Death of Imam Abu Haneefa after whom the Hanafi school of Fiqh is named.
  Charlemagne ( 768-814) ascends the Frankish throne.
 

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775 : 158 AH
  Al Mahdi becomes the Caliph
778 : 161 AH
  Charlemagne of France raids Muslim Spain
780 : 163 AH
  Charlemagne invades German territories and converts the Germans to Christianity
781 : 164 AH
  Ibn Jabir invents the science of chemistry
785 : 168 AH
  Al Hadi becomes the Caliph
786 : 169 AH 
  Harun al Rashid becomes the Caliph. Golden age of Baghdad
788 : 172 AH
  Beginning of the Idrisid dynasty in North Africa
790 : 174 AH
  The manufacture of paper is introduced into Baghdad from China
795 : 179 AH
  Death of Imam Malik bin Anas, after whom the Maliki school of Fiqh is named
799 : 183 AH 
  Zubaida, wife of Harun al Rashid performs the Hajj and builds rest houses for hajjis on the road
  Death of Imam Muza al Kazim
 

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800 : 184 AH
  Harun al Rashid and Charlemagne exchange ambassadors
801 : 185 AH
  The city of Fez is established
  Charlemagne begins an invasion of Muslim Spain
802 : 186 AH
  Death of Rabia al Adawiya one of the most celebrated spiritual luminaries and a teacher of Sufi masters
809 : 193 AH
  Death of Harun al Rashid. Al Amin becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
813 : 197 AH
  Al Mamun succeeds his brother Al Amin as the Caliph
814 : 198 AH
  Death of Charlemagne. The Carolingian Empire in Europe begins to disintegrate
815 : 199 AH
  Al Khwarizmi invents the science of Algebra and develops the mathematics of equations
  Viking raids from the North ravage Europe
  The Abbasid Empire begins a slow process of disintegration. The Idrisids in North Africa and the Tahirids in Persia become autonomous
 

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818 : 202 AH
  Death of Imam Ali al Rida
820 : 205 AH
  Death of Imam al Shafie after whom the Shafie school of Fiqh is named.
  Rise of the Aghlabids in North Africa
822 : 207 AH
  Music flourishes at the court of Cordoba under the musician al Zirhab
  The Aghlabid armies from North Africa invade Sicily
827 : 212 AH
  Caliph al Mamun adopts Mutazilite doctrines as court dogma
  The Idrisids capture Crete, Sardinia and Sicily
830 : 215 AH
  Caliph al Mamun patronizes the Bait ul Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad and encourages translation of Greek and Sanskrit books into arabic. The Muslims develop concept of decimals in mathematics
831 : 216 AH
  Muslims capture Palermo Italy
833 : 218 AH
  Death of Al Mamun. Al Mutasim becomes the Caliph and enlists Turks into the army
835 : 220 AH
  Death of Imam al Jawwad
838 : 223 AH
  Umayyad armies from Spain occupy Marseilles France
840 : 225 AH
  Death of Al Khwarizmi mathematician , Sufi Shaykh
842 : 227 AH
  Al Wathiq becomes the Caliph
846 : 231 AH
  The Aghlabids in North Africa occupy Pisa and conduct a raid on Rome
 

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847 : 232 AH
  Al Mutawakkil becomes the Caliph abandons Mutazilite doctrines
850 : 235 AH
  Turkish influence in the Caliphate grows
855 : 241 AH
  Death of Imam ibn Hanbal after whom the Hanbali school of FIqh is named
861 : 247 AH
  University of Kairaouine ( established 859 CE ) in Fes Morocco. Caliph al Mutawakkil is murdered in Baghdad. Al Muntasir becomes the Caliph
866 : 252 AH
  Al Mutaz becomes the Caliph
868 : 254 AH
  Egypt becomes autonomous under the Tulunids
  Palermo in Sicily becomes a center of Islamic learning
  Death of Imam al Hadi
870 : 256 AH
  The Zanj workers from East Africa revolt in Iraq
  Death of Al Farabi and Al Kindi noted men of science
  Death of Al Tabari renowned physician
  The Muslims capture Malta
  Al Mutamid becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
874 : 260 AH
  Death of Abul Hussain Muslim, compiler of Hadith
  Death of Imam al Askari
  Death of Al Kindi mathematician astronomer
  Death of Al Bistami one of the most celebrated Sufi Shaikhs
 

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875 : 261 AH
  Hamdan Karamat starts the Karamatian movement
  The Sassanids establish themselves in Bokhara
878 : 264 AH
  Disappearance of Imam al Muntazar the Twelth Imam
  Beginning of belief in the hidden Imam
880 : 266 AH
  The Aghlabids lose southern Italy to Christian forces
882 : 268 AH
  A rebellion of the Zanj in Iraq is crushed
885 : 272 AH
  Death of Dawud ibn Khalaf expounder of the Zahiri school of Fiqh
887 : 274 AH
  Peasant revolt in China against foreigners forces out the Muslims of Canton
889 : 276 AH
  Death of Ibn Kutaiba historian
890 : 277 AH
  Spanish Muslims re-establish bases in southern France and conduct raids into Switzerland
892 : 279 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Tharmidi historian
  Al Mutadid becomes the Caliph
893 : 280 AH
  The Karamatians capture Yemen
898 : 285 AH
  Imam al Hadi Yahya establishes a Zaidi state in Yemen
 

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900 : 287 AH
  The Arabian Nights are compiled
  Improvements appear in the design and use of the Astrolabe
  The Kharijites establish a dynasty in Sijilmasa North Africa
901 : 288 AH
  The Samanids emerge in Khorasan Persia
902 : 289 AH
  Al Muktafi becomes the Caliph
903 : 290 AH
  The Karamatians plunder Damascus
904 : 291 AH
  Muslim armies capture Solonika from the Byzantines
907 : 294 AH
  Abu Abdullah Fatimid leader moves to North Africa 
908 : 295 AH
  Al Muqtadir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
909 : 296 AH
  The Fatimids establish themselves in North Africa
  Ubaidulla al Mahdi becomes the first Fatimid Caliph
910 : 297 AH
  Al Razi conducts research into infectious diseases including small pox,rabies and the plague
912 : 299 AH
  Reign of Abdul Rahman III in Spain (912 - 961). Cordoba becomes the premier city of Europe. Golden age of Spain. Science and civilization thrive.
 

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914 : 301 AH
  Nasr al Saeed of the Samanids in Khorasan favors the Fatimids over the Abbasids
915 : 302 AH
  The Kharijites establish themselves in southern Morocco
  The Fatimids raid Egypt
922 : 310 AH
  Mansur al Hallaj Persian mystic is executed for his esoteric views
  Beginning of the Tahirid dynasty in Iraq
923 : 311 AH
  Death of Abu Tabari, noted commentator on the Quran
925 : 313 AH
  Death of Al Razi doctor of medicine
929 : 317 AH
  In response to Fatimid claims to the Caliphate, Abdul Rahman III of Spain assumes the title of Caliph and protector of Sunni Muslims in North Africa
930 : 318 AH
  The Karamatians raid Mecca and carry off the Hijr e Aswad from the Haram to Bahrain
931 : 319 AH
  Abdur Rahman III occupies Ceuta
  The Fatimids capture Algeria
932 : 320 AH
  The Buyids establish their rule in southern Iraq
  Al Qahir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad
933 : 321 AH
  The Ishkedids displace the Tulunids in Egypt and rule until 969
934 : 322 AH
  Al Radi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Qaim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
936 : 324 AH
  Death of Al Ashari (874-936), highly influential theologian who reconciled Mutazilite doctrines with orthodox theology. Author of ''occasionalism' in philosophy 
939 : 327 AH
  Abdul RAhman III of Spain captures Fraxinetum, Valais,Geneva, Toulon and Great St. Bernard
940 : 328 AH
  Extensive postal services are established by the Abbasids
  Al Muttaqi becomes the Abbasid Caliph
 

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945 : 333 AH
  The Buyids temporarily capture Baghdad
946 : 334 AH
  Al Mutee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
  Al Mansur becomes the Fatimid Caliph
950 : 338 AH
  Death of Al Farabi , noted scientist, philosopher, jurist,author of treatises on ethics, music and logic, Sufi Shaykh
951 : 340 AH
  The Ikhwan as Safa in Iraq compile an Ecyclopedia of Knowledge
953 : 342 AH
  Al Muiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in North Africa
955 : 344 AH
  Sharp naval engagements between the navies of Al Muiz and Abdul Rahman III off the coast of Spain
957 : 346 AH
  Al Masudi, the historian, passes away
961 : 350 AH
  Death of Abdul Rahman III
  The Oghuz family of Turks in Central Asia accepts Islam
962 : 351 AH
  The Seljuk, Alaptagin, establishes a kingdom in Ghazna Afghanistan
968 : 357 AH
  The Umayyads establish a university in Cordoba
969 : 358 AH
  The Fatimids conquer Egypt and establish the city of Cairo
970 : 359 AH
  The Fatimids capture Syria, Mecca and Madina and lay claim to the leadership of the Islamic world. Fatimid rule in Multan ( modern Pakistan ). Brisk trade between Alexandria, Egypt and Venice, Italy
971 : 360 AH 
  The Fatimids establish Al-Azhar University in Cairo
974 : 363 AH
  Al Ta'ee becomes the Abbasid Caliph
975 : 364 AH
  Death of Al Muiz, Fatimid Caliph of Egypt. Al Aziz becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Muslim astronomers publish manuscripts showing constellations of stars
988 : 378 AH
  Count Vladimir of Kiev embraces Eastern Orthodox Christianity
991 : 381 AH
  Al Qadir becomes the Abbasid Caliph
996 : 386 AH
  Al Hakim becomes the Fatimid Caliph
  Pope Pious XI declares the Crusades against Muslim
997 : 387 AH
  Mahmud succeeds Alaptagin in Ghazna and dominates Central Asia
 

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999 : 389 AH
 

Large scale Turkish migrations into Central Asia.

 

Kara Khani Turks occupy Bukhara.

 

Mahmud of Ghazna annexes Khorasan.

 

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1000 : 390 AH
 

Mahmud makes the first of seventeen raids into India.

 

The Chinese use gunpowder to propel arrows.

1001 : 391 AH
 

Mahmud starts campaigns to capture Peshawar, Bhera, Nagarkot, Tarain, Thaneshwar and Kanauj in India.

1004 : 394 AH
 

Mahmud defeats Dawud, Fatimid ruler of Multan.

1016 : 407 AH
 

The Christians reclaim Sardinia.

1017 : 408 AH
 

Beginning of the Druze sect in Lebanon.

1020 : 411 AH
 

Death of Firdowsi of Persia, author of Shah Nama.

 

Mahmud establishes Lahore as the capital of Punjab.

 

Death of Fatimid Caliph al Hakim who had claimed divinity.

1021 : 412 AH
 

Al Zahir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1024 : 415 AH
 

Mahmud raids temple of Somanath in Gujrat, India.

1025 : 416 AH
 

Al Baruni publishes Kitab ul Hind, a penetrating study of the people of India.

1030 : 421 AH
 

Death of Mahmud of Ghazna.
Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista.

 

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1031 : 422 AH
 

The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba disintegrates. Spain breaks up into petty emirates. The Christian kingdoms of Castille, Leon and Portugal position themselves to attack the Muslim territories.

 

Al Qaim becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1032 : 423 AH
 

The Church of Constantinople breaks with the Church of Rome over the issue of icons in the Church.

1036 : 427 AH
 

Taghril Beg becomes Seljuk Sultan.

 

Al Mustansir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1037 : 428 AH
 

Death of Abu Ali ibn Sina, one of the greatest of physicians.

 

Ferdinand I, king of Castille, captures Leon.

1038 : 429 AH
 

Death of Al Hazen, noted physicist.

1043 : 434 AH
 

The Fatimid Empire begins to crumble. Mecca, Madina, Yemen and North Africa are lost by the Fatimids.

1048 : 440 AH
 

Death of al Bairuni, historian, author of Kitab ul Hind.

1050 : 442 AH
 

The Christians advance in Sicily.

1051 : 443 AH
 

Beginning of the Murabitun revolution in West Africa.

1056 : 448 AH
 

The Seljuk Taghril Beg and the Buyid Basisiri contest the control of Baghdad.

1058 : 450 AH
 

Taghril Beg is anointed by Abbasid Caliph Kaim as “sultan of the east and the west” for his role in protecting the Abbasid Caliphate.

1060 : 452 AH
 

The Seljuk Turks advance into Persia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

 

The Crusaders raid the coast of North Africa.

 

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1061 : 453 AH
 

The Murabitun capture Morocco.

 

The Murabitun establish the city of Marrakesh as their capital.

1063 : 455 AH
 

Taghril Beg dies childless. His nephew Alap Arsalan becomes the Seljuk sultan.

1068 : 460 AH
 

Beginning of the Songhay Empire in West Africa.

1072 : 464 AH
 

Battle of Manzikert. The Seljuk Turks under Alap Arsalan defeat the Byzantines under Emperor Romanus and open up Anatolia for Turkish settlement.

 

The Christians capture Palermo in Sicily.

1075 : 467 AH
 

The Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah retakes Syria from the Fatimids.

 

Al Muqtadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph.

1077 : 469 AH
 

Birth of Abdul Qader Jeelani, celebrated Sufi sage.

1085 : 478 AH
 

Alfonso I of Castile captures Toledo, the ancient capital of Visigoth Spain. The extensive libraries of Toledo become accessible to Christian Europe.

1086 : 479 AH
 

The Murabitun emir, Yusuf bin Tashfin, advances into Spain at the head of a powerful African force.

 

The Nizamiya College is founded in Baghdad by Nizam ul Mulk, grand vizier to Sultan Malik Shah.

 

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1087 : 480 AH
 

Yusuf bin Tashfin defeats Alfonso VI at the Battle of Sagrajas.

 

The Crusaders sack Mahdiya in North Africa.

 

The assassin terror grows in Iraq and Syria.

1090 : 483 AH
 

Al Ghazzali teaches at NizamiyaCollege, Baghdad.

 

The Crusaders capture Malta.

 

The assassins capture Alamut in northern Syria and establish a training center for fidayees.

1091 : 484 AH
 

End of Muslim presence in Sicily.

 

Smyrna in Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

 

Death of Sultan Malik Shah.

 

The assassins murder grand vizier Nizam ul Mulk.

1094 : 487 AH
 

Al Mustansir becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

 

Al Mustadi becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.

1095 : 488 AH
 

Pope Urban II declares a Crusade to take Jerusalem.

 

Al Afdal, grand vizier of Fatimid Egypt, recaptures Jerusalem from Turkish emir Duqaq of Damascus.

1096 : 489 AH
 

The start of the First Crusade.

1097 : 490 AH
 

Konya Anatolia becomes the Seljuk capital.

  The Turks retreat before the advancing Crusaders.
  The Fatimids in Egypt start negotiations with the Crusaders to divide up Seljuk territories.
1098 : 491 AH
 

The Crusaders capture Antioch.

1099 : 492 AH
 

Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders. The Muslims and the Jews are massacred. Baldwin becomes king of Jerusalem.

 

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1100 : 493 AH
 

Al Ghazzali writes a powerful diatribe, Tahaffuz al Falsafa, against speculative philosophy. In Ihya al Uloom, he accords tasawwuf an honored position in the Islamic sciences.

1106 : 499 AH
 

Death of Yusuf bin Tashfin, emir of the Murabitun.

1111 : 504 AH
 

Abu Hamid al Ghazzali dies after transforming the intellectual landscape of the Islamic world.

1113 : 507 AH
 

Maudud, a Seljuk officer from Mosul, defeats King Baldwin of Jerusalem.

1118 : 512 AH
 

Al Mustarshid, Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.

1123 : 517 AH
 

Death of Omar al Khayyam, mathematician, mystic.

1124 : 518 AH
 

Death of Hassan al Sabbah, leader of the Assassins.

1126 : 520 AH
 

Archbishop Raymond establishes a school in Toledo to translate Arabic books into Latin.

1127 : 521 AH
 

The Assassins murder Turkish officer Maudud.

1130 : 524 AH
 

Death of ibn Tumart, leader of the Al Muhaddithin.

1132 : 526 AH
 

Roger II of Sicily invites Muslim scholars to work at his court.

 

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1139 :533 AH
 

Birth of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti, Sufi sage.

1141 : 535 AH
 

The Kara Kitai Turkomans defeat the Seljuks at Amu Darya.

1144 : 538 AH
  The Seljuks, under Zengi, recapture Edessa.
  Pope Eugene declares the Second Crusade.
1145 : 539 AH
  The Second Crusade collapses in Anatolia but succeeds in capturing Lisbon in Portugal.
  End of the Murabitun rule in Andalus.
1146 : 541 AH
  The al Muhaddithin captures Morocco.
  The assassins murder Seljuk Emir Zengi.
1149 : 544 AH
 

Al Zafir becomes the Fatimid Caliph.

1150 : 545 AH
 

The University of Paris is established.

1151 : 546 AH
 

Al Idrisi constructs a map of the then known world.

1154 : 549 AH
  The Kurdish officer Nuruddin, in Seljuk service, takes Damascus.
  Al Faiz becomes the Fatimid Caliph in Cairo.
1157 : 552 AH
 

The al Muhaddithin captures Andalus.

1160 : 555 AH
  Al Mustanjid becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
  Al Adid, the last of the Fatimids, becomes the Caliph in Cairo.
1163 : 558 AH
 

The Seljuks and the Crusaders compete for influence in Fatimid Egypt.

1166 : 561 AH
  Death of Shaykh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad, called Shaykh ul Mashaiq, founder of the Qadariya Sufi order.
  Death of the geographer, al Idrisi.
1167 : 562 AH
  Establishment of Oxford University in England.
 

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1170 : 565 AH
  Salahuddin takes Egypt from the Fatimids.
  Al Mustadi becomes the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1171 : 566 AH
  End of the Fatimid era. Egypt reverts to the Abbasid Caliphate.
1173 : 568 AH
  Ghiasuddin Ghori established the kingdom of Ghor in Afghanistan.
1175 : 570 AH
  Salahuddin consolidates his hold on Syria and Egypt.
  Death of Ahmed al Rifai, founder of the Rifaiyah Sufi brotherhood.
1177 : 572 AH
  Muhammed Ghori adds Multan, Uch, Dera Ismail Khan and Sindh to his dominions.
1179 : 575 AH
  Muhammed Ghori starts campaigns to capture Peshawar and Sialkot.
1182 : 578 AH
  Khwaja Muhammed Ghouse of Sindh introduces the Qadariya order into India and Pakistan.
1187 : 583 AH
  Battle of Hittin. Salahuddin triumphs and recaptures Jerusalem.
  Muhammed Ghori captures Lahore.
1188 : 584 AH
  Pope Clement III launches the Third Crusade.
1189 : 585 AH
  Khwaja Moeenuddin Chisti moves to Ajmer, India and establishes the Chistiya order.
1190 : 586 AH
  King Richard of England proposes a marriage between his sister and Saifuddin, brother of Salahuddin and for the two together to rule Jerusalem. The proposal is opposed by the Crusaders and is abandoned.
1191 : 587 AH
  Accra surrenders to the Crusaders after a long siege.
  Mohammed Ghori suffers a defeat at the Battle of Tarain and is forced to withdraw towards Kabul.
1192 : 588 AH
  Muhammed Ghori, victorious over the Rajputs, captures Delhi. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of Ajmer and Delhi is slain.
1193 : 589 AH
 

Salahuddin passes away and is buried in Damascus.

1196 : 592 AH
  The al Muhaddith emir al Mansur defeats the Crusaders at the Battle of Alarcos.
1198 : 594 AH
  Death of ibn Rushd, of the great world philosophers.
1199 : 595 AH
  Pope Innocent III declares the Fourth Crusade.
 

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1200 : 596 AH 
  Islam takes roots in Indonesia.
  Alauddin Muhammed becomes the Shah of Khwarazm.
  The Crusaders capture Valencia.
  Cambridge University is established in England.
1201 : 597 AH
  The Latin Crusaders sack Zara, a Christian city on the Adriatic.
1202 : 598 AH
  The Delhi Sultanate is established.
1203 : 599 AH
  Death of Nizami, well known Farsi poet.
1204 : 600 AH
  The Crusaders, led by Dondolo of Venice, sack Constantinople and loot its treasures.
  Johan Shah, ruler of Sumatra, accepts Islam.
1205 : 601 AH
  The Turkoman Kara Kitai defeats Mohammed Ghori.
  The Ghorids put down a rebellion in the Punjab.
1206 : 602 AH
  Genghiz Khan becomes the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes.
  The assassins murder Muhammed Ghori.
  The Delhi sultans advance towards Bengal.
1211 : 608 AH
  Altumish ascends the throne of Delhi.
1212 : 609 AH
  The Crusaders defeat the al Muhaddith at the Battle of Las Novas de Tolosa.
1215 : 612 AH
  Genghiz Khan captures northern China; learns the use of gunpowder from the Chinese.
1218 : 615 AH
  The Fifth Crusade is directed against Egypt. The Egyptians open the Nile docks and drown the invaders.
1219 : 616 AH
  Genghiz Khan invades the territories of Shah Muhammed of Khorasan.
1220 : 617 AH
  Genghiz Khan devastates Central Asia.
1221 : 618 AH
  Genghiz Khan destroys Persia and Afghanistan.
  Prince Jalaluddin faces the Khan at the Battle of the Indus.
1222 : 619 AH
  Genghiz Khan returns to Mongolia.
1223 : 620 AH
  Ibn al Athir, celebrated historian, passes away.
 

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1227 : 624 AH
  Death of Genghiz Khan. The Mongols continue their advance through West Asia and Eastern Europe.
1228 : 625 AH
  The Sixth Crusade, directed at Egypt and led by Emperor Frederick II of Germany fails.
1230 : 627 AH
  Sundiata starts consolidation of the Empire of Mali.
1235 : 632 AH
  Baba Fareed of Lahore becomes heads of the Chistiya order in India.
1236 : 633 AH
  Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, falls to the Crusaders.
  Razia rules as Queen of India.
  Death of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, the most celebrated awliya of the subcontinent.
  Al Mustansir becomes the Caliph in Baghdad.
1240 : 637 AH
  Death of ibn al Arabi, renowned Sufi Shaykh.
  Roger Bacon teaches in England.
1242 : 639 AH
  Al Musta’sim becomes the 37th and the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad.
1245 : 643 AH
  At the Council of Lyons, Christian Europe resolves to seek an alliance with the Mongols against the Muslims. A Franciscan priest, John de Plano Carpini, arrives at the Mongol court to seek military assistance.
1248 : 646 AH
  Seville in Spain falls to the Christians.
  Ibn Ahmar starts the Nasirid dynasty in Granada.
1249 : 647 AH
  The Seventh Crusade, directed at Egypt by the Franks, is beaten back.
1250 : 648 AH
  Shajarat al Durr rules as Queen of Egypt.
1251 : 649 AH
  Hulagu Khan becomes the Mongol lord of Persia and Central Asia.
1256 : 654 AH
  Hulagu Khan destroys the Assassins.
1257 : 655 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, celebrated Farsi poet.
  Nizamuddin Awliya becomes head of the Chishtiya order in Delhi. Islam spreads in India.
1258 : 656 AH
  Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad. End of the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The curtain falls on the classic Islamic civilization. Caliph al Musta’sim is killed.
  Death of Ali al Shadhuli, founder of the Shadhuli Sufi order.
1260 : 658 AH
  Kublai Khan ascends the throne of China. Many capable Muslims work at the court of the Great Khan.
  Hulagu Khan storms Aleppo and massacres its inhabitants.
1261 : 659 AH
  The Mamlukes of Egypt install Al Mustansir as the Abbasid Caliph in Cairo.
  The Mamluke, Zahir Baybars of Egypt, defeats a combined army of Mongols, Armenians and Crusaders at the Battle of Ayn Jalut.
 

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1265 : 663 AH
  Death of Hulagu Khan.
1269 : 667 AH
  The Merinide al Yakub captures Marrakesh.
1273 : 671 AH
  Death of Jalaluddin Rumi, author of Mathnavi, the most celebrated of Farsi poets and founder of the Maulavi Sufi order.
1274 : 672 AH
  Death of al Tusi, astronomer and inventor of the 2-axis gimbal.
  Emir al Yaqub of the Merinides defeats the Christians at the Battle of Ecija.
1277 : 676 AH
  Sultan Baybars defeats the Mongol armies at the Battle of Abulistan.
1278 : 677 AH
  Death of Sultan Baybars.
1289 : 688 AH
  The Mamlukes captures Acre, last Crusader stronghold in Syria.
1290 : 689 AH
  Sultan Malik Shah rules in Sumatra.
1291 : 690 AH
  Death of Shaykh Saadi, well known Farsi poet.
1294 : 693 AH
  Marco Polo returns to Italy from journey to the East.
1295 : 694 AH
  Ghazan the Great, the Il Khan Emperor, accepts Islam.
 

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1300 : 699 AH
  Alauddin Khilji consolidates his empire over the subcontinent. Malik Kafur advances into southern India.
1301 : 700 AH
  Uthman Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman Empire, consolidates his holdings around Burs and Eskishehir; he defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yalakova.
  The Mamlukes triumph over the Il Khans at the Battle of Marj as Suffar.
1307 : 706 AH
  Mansa Musa becomes emperor of Mali.
1316 : 716 AH
  Death of Alauddin Khilji, emperor of India.
1320 : 720 AH
  The Khilji dynasty in India collapses.
  Beginning of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1324 : 724 AH
  Mansa Musa performs his hajj with an entourage of 12000.
1325 : 725 AH
  Death of Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi.
  Ibn Batuta begins his journey around the world.
  Death of Amir Khusroe ,famed Sufi poet of India
1326 : 726 AH
  Death of Uthman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. His successor Sultan Orkhan captures Bursa.
  Death of ibn Taymiyah, noted scholar, considered to be the founder of the “salafi” school of thought.
1333 : 733 AH
  Yusuf I becomes emir of Granada, breaks with Castille, forms an alliance with the sultan of Morocco and makes a last attempt to capture Spain from the Christians.
1334 : 734 AH
  Ibn Batuta arrives in Delhi.
  Death of Shaykh Safiuddin Ishaq, after whom the Safavid dynasty of Persia is named.
1335 : 735 AH
  Death of Abu Said, Il Khanid Prince.
1340 : 740 AH
  The Yuan Emperor Toghon Timur of China sends an embassy to the court of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India.
  The Merinide navy defeats the Spaniards at the Battle of Tarifa.
 

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1341 : 742 AH
  Death of Sultan ibn Qalawun of Egypt.
1345 : 746 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits Sultan Malik al Zahir of Pasai Indonesia.
1346 : 747 AH
  The Black Plague devastates Europe.
1351 : 752 AH
  Death of Muhammed bin Tughlaq of India. The Tughlaq Empire begins to disintegrate.
1354 : 755 AH
  Ibn Batuta visits the Empire of Mali.
  The Ottomans capture Gallipoli and Ankara.
1355 : 756 AH
  Ibn Batuta returns to Tangier. The Merinide Sultan Abu Inan authorizes the writing of the Rehla of Ibn Batuta.
  The Genoese briefly occupy Tripoli, Libya.
1357 : 758 AH
  The Ottomans capture Erdirne.
1368 : 769 AH
  Timurlane, elected the leader of the Tatars, consolidates his hold on the valley of Farghana in Uzbekistan.
1369 : 770 AH
  Death of ibn Batuta.
1375 : 777 AH
  Dimitrius, Count of Moscow, wins a victory over the Tatar Golden Horde.
1376 : 778 AH
  The Golden Horde burns down Moscow.
1380 : 782 AH
  Timurlane begins his first campaign in Persia.
  Shaykh Awliya Karim al Maqdum introduces Islam into Mindanao, the Philippines.
  Kara Muhammed, leader of the Turkish tribe Kara Kuyunlu, establishes his kingdom near Mosul.
1381 : 783 AH
  The Ottomans capture Bulgaria.
1385 : 787 AH
  The Ottomans capture Thrace.
1387 : 789 AH
  Timurlane invades Russia and destroys the power of the Golden Horde. Russia begins its long march towards political consolidation.
1389 : 791 AH
  Bayazid I becomes the Ottoman sultan, defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosova.
  Death of Hafiz, one of the greatest of Farsi poets.
  Death of Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi tareeqa of Bukhara.
1390 : 792 AH
  A combined French and Genoese force attacks Mahdiya, Tunisia.
1391 : 793 AH
  Bayazid I attacks Constantinople.
 

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1396 : 798 AH
  Bayazid defeats the Crusader armies at the Battle of Nicopolis.
1398 : 800 AH
  Timur sacks Isfahan, Persia.
1399 : 801 AH
  Timur invades India, sacks Delhi, India.
  Castille sacks Tetuan, Morocco.
 

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1400 : 802 AH
  Bayazid I lays siege to Constantinople.
1401 : 803 AH
  Timur defeats the Mamlukes of Egypt.
  Damascus surrenders to the Tatars.
  Timur sacks Baghdad.
1402 : 804 AH
  Timur defeats Bayazid I at the Battle of Ankara.
  Sulaiman I becomes the Ottoman sultan.
  Sultan Iskander Shah expels the Thais from Malaya.
1404 : 806 AH
  Timur embarks on an expedition to China.
1405 : 807 AH
  Timurlane dies en route to China; his son Shah Rukh succeeds him. 
1406 : 809 AH
  Sultan Sikander Shah of Malaysia accepts Islam.
  The great Chinese Admiral Zheng Yi (commonly known as Admiral Ho), a Muslim, sails to Malaya, Indonesia, India, Persia, Yemen, East Africa and the Cape of Good Hope with a fleet of 50 great ships.
  Death of ibn Khaldun, author of Muqaddamah.
1409 : 812 AH
  Shah Rukh, heir to Timurlane, occupies Samarqand.
1410 : 813 AH
  Kara Yusuf establishes the Kara Kuyunlu kingdom around Tabriz, Persia.
  Death of Gaysu Daraz, Sufi shaykh of the Deccan, India.
1411 : 814 AH
  Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya visits China at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor.
  Prince Mehmet begins the reconsolidation of the Ottoman Empire after the disastrous defeat in the Battle of Ankara.
1415 : 818 AH
  The Portuguese capture Ceuta in Morocco.
1420 : 823 AH
  Shah Rukh consolidates his hold on Persia.
1421 : 824 AH
  Murad II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1422 : 825 AH
  Murad II lays unsuccessful siege to Constantinople.
1424 : 827 AH
  Death of Sultan Iskander Shah of Malaya.
1425 : 828 AH
  Tangier in Morocco, captured by the Portuguese.
1430 : 833 AH
  The Portuguese acquire the technology to sail against the wind from the Venetians.
1432 : 835 AH
  Portuguese captain Diaz sails around Cape Bajador in West Africa.
1434 : 837 AH 
  Death of Shah Rukh. Persia disintegrates. The Kara Kuyunlu and Aq Kuyunlu expand their territories.
 

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1441 : 845 AH
  First slave raid by the Portuguese in southern Morocco directed against Muslims.
1443 : 847 AH
  The Portuguese capture the island of Tristao off the coast of West Africa, later to gain notoriety in the Atlantic slave trade.
1444 : 848 AH
  Ottomans armies march into Hungary.
  Murad II defeats combined armies of Hungary, Wallachia and Venice at the Battle of Varna.
  The Portuguese Lagos Company chartered under Prince Henry.
1445 : 849 AH
  Printing is introduced into Europe. Portuguese sailor Diaz sails around West Africa.
1451 : 855 AH
  Mehmet II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Shaykh Rahmat converts the Majapahit ruler (Indonesia) Raja Kertawijaya to Islam.
  Islam spreads rapidly in Java.
1453 : 857 AH
  Mehmet II conquerors Constantinople, renames it Istanbul and makes it the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
1455 : 859 AH
  The Venetians sail to the delta of the Gambia River.
1456 : 860 AH
  Mehmet II captures Athens, Greece.
  The Portuguese arrive at the mouth of the Gambia River.
1458 : 862 AH
  The Portuguese occupy the fortress of al Qasr, Morocco.
1460 : 864 AH
  King Alfonso of Portugal authorizes Fernao Gomes to explore the western coast of Africa.
1461 : 865 AH
  Leonardo da Vinci begins his work in Venice.
1463 : 867 AH
  Mehmet II conquers Bosnia. Mosque of Sultan Mehmet II constructed in Istanbul.
1465 : 869 AH
  Death of al Jazuli, Sufi Shaykh in Morocco.
1467 : 871 AH
  Herzegovina conquered by Mehmet II.
  Uzun Hassan, leader of Aq Quyunlu defeats Jehan Shah, leader of the Kara Quyunlu. Jehan Shah dies in battle.
1471 : 876 AH
  Tangiers occupied by Portugal.
  Portugal occupies Arzila on the West coast of Morocco.
1473 : 878 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II defeats the Aq Kuyunlu Sultan Uzun Hassan. Portuguese captain Sequira sails to Benin, Nigeria.
1474 : 879 AH
  Commercial town of Kedah, in Indonesia, becomes Muslim.
1475 : 880 AH
  War between Spain and Portugal over rights to the Canary Islands.
1478 : 883 AH
  Kara Quli, a descendant of Jehan Shah, flees to India and establishes the Qutubshahi dynasty near Hyderabad.
  Death of Uzun Hassan, Aq Quyunlu Sultan.
  Turmoil in western Persia.
1479 : 884 AH
  Consolidation of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella.
1480 : 885 AH
  The Ottomans capture the island of Rhodes.
1481 : 886 AH
  Bayazid II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
 

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1482 : 887 AH
  Ferdinand of Spain attacks al Hama.
1483 : 888 AH
  Civil wars in Granada.
  Ferdinand captures Malaga, Spain.
1484 : 889 AH
  The Portuguese appear at the delta of the Congo River.
1487 : 892 AH
  Portuguese sailor Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
1488 : 893 AH
  Malaga, one of the last Nasirid strongholds, falls to Castille.
1489 : 894 AH
  Adil Shah becomes Sultan of Bijapur, India
1490 : 895 AH
  Ferdinand lays siege to Granada, called Santa Fe (Holy Faith).
1492 : 897 AH
  Columbus discovers America.
  Granada falls to the Christians.
  Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
  The Jews are expelled from Spain.
  Sultan Bayazid II takes Hungary.
  Lodhi Sultanate established in Delhi.
  Death of Abdur Rahman Jami, well known Farsi poet.
1493 : 898 AH
  Abu Abdallah, commonly known as Boabdil, last emir of Granada, leaves Spain.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes Emperor of Songhay.
1494 : 899 AH
  At the Treaty of Tordesillas arranged by Pope Alexander VI, Portugal and Spain agree to divide up the world for conquest.
1495 : 900 AH
  Shaykh Putah introduces Islam into the Celebes islands and western New Guinea.
1496 : 901 AH
  Vasco da Gama, sails around the Cape of Good Hope and with the help of Muslim navigator Ahmed ibn Majid, discovers route to Malabar, India.
1497 : 902 AH
  Zahiruddin Babur loses Samarqand.
  Askiya Muhammed moves the capital of Songhay to Gao on the Niger River.
1499 : 904 AH
  Ottoman navy defeats the Venetians, takes Lepanto, off the coast of Greece.
1500 : 905 AH
  Muslims in Granada resist the Spanish Inquisition.
  Spain institutes forced slavery in Cuba.
1501 : 906 AH
  Shah Ismail I, with the help of the Safaviyya Sufi order, establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
  The Uzbek Shaibani Khan evicts Zahiruddin Babur from Samarqand.
1502 : 907 AH
  Second voyage of Vasco da Gama to the Indian Ocean. The Portuguese bombard the city-states of East Africa, destroy the port city of Cochin, India and force the Raja of Cochin to expel Muslim traders.
  The Portuguese capture Shofala, East Africa.
  Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  Inquisition against the Muslims in Spain.
 

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1504 : 910 AH
  Babur takes Kabul, Afghanistan.
  Death of al Maghili, influential thinker from North Africa.
1505 : 911 AH
  Spain occupies Mars al Kabir, Algeria.
  The Portuguese occupy Agadir Morocco and build the fort of Santa Cruz.
  Portuguese captain Almeida raids Kilwa, Tanzania.
1507 : 913 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Safi, Morocco.
  The Portuguese occupy Bab el Mandap at the entrance to the Red Sea.
1508 : 914 AH
  A Mamluke fleet defeats the Portuguese off the coast of Chaul near modern Karachi.
  Spain occupies Oran, Algeria.
1509 : 915 AH
  The Mamlukes defeat the Portuguese navy off the coast of Yemen.
  Shah Ismail I defeats the Uzbek Shaibani Khan at the Battle of Merv.
  Spain occupies Bogie, Tunisia.
  The first batch of slaves bought in Lisbon for transportation to America.
1511 : 917 AH
  The Portuguese take Goa, India, and make it the capital of their operations in the Indian Ocean.
  The Inquisition is instituted against Hindus and Muslim in India.
  Spain destroys Tripoli, Libya.
  The Ottomans crush a Qazilbash uprising in eastern Anatolia at the Battle of Sivas.
1512 : 918 AH
  Selim I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Malacca.
  Tlemcen in North Africa becomes a protectorate of Spain.
  The Uzbeks defeat the Safavids at the Battle of Khuzduvan and take Khorasan.
1514 : 920 AH
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats Shah Ismail I at the Battle of Chaldiran.
1515 : 921 AH
  The Portuguese capture the Straits of Hormuz in Persia.
  The Portuguese control the entire Atlantic coastline of Morocco.
  First shipload of sugar from Cuba arrives in Spain.
1516 : 922 AH
  The Portuguese occupy Bahrain and Oman.
  The Ottomans capture Mosul.
  Ottoman Sultan Selim I defeats the Mamlukes at the Battle of Marj Dabik in Syria.
1517 : 923 AH
  Selim I occupies Cairo.
  Egypt becomes a province of the Ottoman Empire.
  The Caliphate moves to Istanbul.
  Selim I becomes the first Ottoman Caliph of Islam.
  Muhammed al Mahdi becomes Sa’adid Sultan of Morocco.
  Martin Luther begins Protestant reformation in Germany.
  The Portuguese capture Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  The King of Spain grants license to import African slaves into America.
  Ibrahim Lodhi becomes Sultan of Delhi.
1519 : 925 AH
  Death of Leonardo da Vinci.
  Mexican silver flows into Europe.
 

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1520 : 926 AH
  Sulaiman the Magnificent becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1521 : 927 AH
  Sulaiman captures Belgrade.
  Cortez destroys the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
1522 : 928 AH
  Sulaiman captures Rhodes. Spain captures Central America.
1525 : 931 AH
  Death of Safavid Shah Ismail I.
  Tahmasp I becomes Safavid ruler of Persia.
  Babur takes Lahore, Pakistan.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent orders a reorganization of the Ottoman fleet to challenge the Spaniards and the Portuguese.
1526 : 932 AH
  Babur captures Delhi; the Moghul dynasty is born. Sulaiman the Magnificent defeats the Hungarians at the Battle of Mohacs.
1527 : 933 AH
  Babur defeats Rajput armies at the Battle of Khanua.
1528 : 934 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman captures the city of Buda in Hungary.
  Askiya Muhammed becomes blind and is deposed as the Emperor of Songhay.
1529 : 935 AH
  Sultan Sulaiman lays siege to Vienna, Austria.
1530 : 936 AH
  Death of Zahiruddin Babur. His son Humayun ascends the Moghul throne in Delhi.
  The Englishman William Hawkins raids the Ivory Coast.
1534 : 940 AH
  Khairuddin, admiral of the Ottoman fleets, recaptures Tunis.
  Henry VIII takes the Church of England out of the orbit of Rome.
1535 : 941 AH
  Sulaiman Pasha, Ottoman governor of Egypt, drives the Portuguese from Yemen.
  The English Parliament passes laws against loitering in London.
  John Calvin preaches the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
  Stock Exchange is established in London.
1536 : 943 AH
  Khairuddin raids Valencia, Spain.
1537 : 944 AH
  Khairuddin captures Otranto, Italy and threatens Rome.
1538 : 945 AH
  Khairuddin victorious over combined navies of Venice and the Vatican at the Battle of Prevesa.
1540 : 947 AH
  Spain colonizes the Philippines.
  Destruction of religious relics in England. Beginning of the end of feudalism in England.
  Sher Shah Suri defeats Moghul Emperor Humayun and displaces him from the throne of Delhi until 1555.
1541 : 948 AH
  Charles V of Spain strikes at the Algerian coast.
  Ottoman Admiral Khairuddin takes Otranto, Italy.
  Muhammed al Saadi drives the Portuguese from the fort of Santa Cruz in Morocco.
 

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1542 : 949 AH
  Increasing tribal warfare in West Africa.
1546 : 953 AH
  Death of Khairuddin. Piri Rais becomes admiral of Ottoman navies.
1550 : 957 AH
  Kingdom of Acheh in Indonesia is founded. Islam spreads in the Archipelago.
1551 : 958 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tripoli.
  Piri Rais challenges the Portuguese blockage of the Straits of Hormuz.
1553 : 960 AH
  Thomas Wyndham of England raids the coast of West Africa.
1554 : 961 AH
  John Lock of England raids the Ivory Coast.
1557 : 964 AH
  The Ottomans occupy Masawa, Eritrea.
1558 : 965 AH
  Akbar becomes Moghul Emperor of India.
1560 : 967 AH
  Akbar adds Malwa, Chitoor, Rathambur, Gujrat and Bengal to the Moghul Empire (1560-1574).
  Abul Fazal and Faizi, well known writers, grace the Moghul court.
  Akbar surrounds himself with the “seven gems”; men of outstanding capabilities, including the musician Tan Sen and the Finance Minister Raja Todar Mal.
1561 : 968 AH
  Piri Rais prepares an accurate map of the Atlantic seaboard.
  The Ottomans destroy a Spanish fleet at the Battle of Djerba.
1562 : 969 AH
  Akbar marries Jodha Bai, princess of Amber, Rajasthan.
1563 : 970 AH
  First English fortifications off the coasts of New Guinea.
1564 : 971 AH
  Spain occupies the Philippines.
1565 : 972 AH
  Battle of Telekote, India. The combined forces of Bijapur, Golkunda, Bidar and Gulbarga defeat the armies of Vijayanagar in southern India.
  Piri Rais undertakes unsuccessful siege of Malta.
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, captures Gujrat.
  John Hawkins of England conducts slave raids on Sierra Leone.
  Sulaiman the Magnificent passes away
 

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1566 : 973 AH
  Muslims in Spain rebel against forced conversion to Catholicism.
1571 : 979 AH
  Battle of Lepanto. Combined navies of Spain, Venice, Austria and the Vatican defeat the Ottoman navy and occupy Tunis. Ottoman naval advance into the western Mediterranean is halted.
1572 : 980 AH
  The Ottomans reclaim Tunis.
  The Dutch gain their independence from Spain.
1573 : 981 AH
  The Moghul Emperor Akbar authorizes the construction of four large temples in Mathura.
1576 : 984 AH
  The Ottomans advance through Algeria and take the city of Fez in Morocco.
1578 : 986 AH
  Battle of Al Qasr al Kabir. The Sa’adid Sultan Ahmed al Mansur crushes the Portuguese army. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed. Morocco remains independent. Ottoman westward advance is halted.
1579 : 987 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, completes the construction of a new city, Fatehpur Sikri. He starts ecumenical discussions with all religious faiths in the Ibadat Khana.
1580 : 988 AH
  Ottoman Admiral Ali Beg raids Portuguese positions in East Africa.
  Skirmishes between the Empire of Songhay and the Sa’adids of Morocco over the salt mines of Taodini.
  Portugal becomes a protectorate of Spain.
1581 : 989 AH
  Akbar, the Great Moghul, moves to Lahore, and adds Kashmir, Sindh, Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan to his empire.
  Akbar completes the construction of a Jami Masjid in Peshawar.
  Queen Elizabeth I sends Harborne as ambassador to Istanbul to seek trade relations with the Ottomans.
1585 : 993 AH
  War between the Safavids and the Ottomans for control of Iraq and Azerbaijan.
1587 : 995 AH
  Pope Sixtus V authorizes a Catholic crusade against England.
  The English defeat the Scots. Consolidation of Britain under the English throne.
1588 : 996 AH
  Shah Abbas becomes Safavid emperor of Persia.
  The Spanish armada is destroyed off the coast of England.
  Death of Sinan, architect of Sulaimaniye and Shehzade mosques in Turkey.
 

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1590 : 998 AH
  William Shakespeare writes in England.
1591 : 999 AH
  The Bohras emerge as a sub-branch of the Fatimids.
1592 : 1000 AH
  The Sa’adids of Morocco invade the Songhay Empire. A strong force under Judar Pasha destroys Timbaktu.
1596 : 1004 AH
  Akbar captures Ahmednagar in the Deccan, India.
1598 : 1006 AH
  A second Spanish attempt to conquer England ends in failure.
1600 : 1008 AH
  Dutch ascendancy in the Atlantic. The Atlantic slave trade gathers momentum.
  The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I.
1602 : 1010 AH
  Shah Abbas drives the Portuguese from Bahrain.
  The Dutch East India Company is formed.
1603 : 1012 AH
  Death of Queen Elizabeth I. 
1605 : 1014 AH
  Death of Moghul Emperor Akbar.
1609 : 1018 AH
  Final expulsion of Muslims from Spain.
1615 : 1024 AH
  The Dutch capture the Straits of Malacca from the Portuguese.
  Thomas Roe arrives in India as British ambassador to the Moghul court.
  Galileo is tried by the Church for his view that the earth is not the center of the universe.
1619 : 1028 AH
  The Dutch East India Company obtains trading rights on the island of Java.
  Thomas Roe obtains a farman from the Great Moghul Jehangir granting Britain trading rights in India.
 

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1620 : 1029 AH
  Sufi doctrines spread to East Asia.
  The Pilgrims land at Port Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1622 : 1031 AH
  Shah Abbas I, with the help of the British navy, expels the Portuguese from the Straits of Hormuz. The British obtain trading rights in Persia.
1623 : 1032 AH
  Murad IV becomes Ottoman Sultan.
1624 : 1033 AH
  Death of Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, referred to as Mujaddid alf e Thani (Reformer of the Second Millennium). He expounded the doctrine of Wahdat as Shahada.
1626 : 1035 AH
  The Dutch establish themselves in New Amsterdam (New York).
1627 : 1036 AH
  Shah Jehan, Moghul Emperor of India.
1630 : 1039 AH
  Death of German Astronomer Johann Kepler.
1635 : 1045 AH
  Death of Mian Pir of Lahore, teacher of Dara Shikoh, son of Shah Jehan.
  Emperor Shah Jehan expels the Portuguese from Bengal.
1638 : 1048 AH
  Shah Jehan builds a new capital at Delhi. Construction of the Jami Masjid in Delhi.
1639 : 1049 AH
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Madras.
1640 : 1050 AH
  Armed rivalry between Britain, France and the Dutch for control of the slave trade.
  Portugal gains its independence from Spain.
  The Dutch capture Sri Lanka.
  The British East India Company establishes a factory at Calcutta.
 

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1641 : 1051 AH
  Sultana Tajul Alam Safiyyiatuddin rules as Queen of Acheh. She is the first of four queens to rule over the northern part of Sumatra.
  The Dutch capture Cochin on the West coast of India.
1642 : 1052 AH
  The Dutch establish a colony at Masulipatam on the East coast of India.
1643 : 1053 AH
  War between Venice and the Ottomans for control of Crete.
1648 : 1058 AH
  Shah Jehan completes the Taj Mahal, the most celebrated monument to love, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  The Portuguese recapture Brazil from the Dutch.
1655 : 1065 AH
  The Kurpulu brothers Mehmet Pasha and Fazil Ahmed revitalize the Ottoman administration (1655-1676).
1658 : 1068 AH
  Aurangzeb becomes the Moghul Emperor.
1659 : 1069 AH
  End of the Sa’adid dynasty in Morocco.
1660 : 1070 AH
  Isaac Newton revolutionizes physics.
1664 : 1074 AH
  The British seize New Amsterdam, rename it New York.
  The Battle of St. Gotthard between the Ottomans and the European “Holy League” ends in a stalemate.
1666 : 1076 AH
  The Qur’an is translated into the Malay language.
1668 : 1079 AH
  King Charles II of England sells Bombay to the East India Company.
1676 : 1087 AH
  Kara Mustafa Pasha becomes grand vizier in Istanbul.
1677 : 1088 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over access to the Black Sea.
1683 : 1094 AH
  The second siege of Vienna ends in failure. The Ottomans lose Hungary.
1686 : 1097 AH
  The Hapsburgs advance through Hungary towards Belgrade.
  The British make an attempt to capture the port of Chittagong in India and are beaten back by Moghul forces. 
1687 : 1098 AH
  The Ottomans are defeated at the second Battle of Mohacs.  
1694 : 1105 AH
  The Bank of England advances a perpetual loan of 1.2 million pounds to the British Crown in return for the privilege of putting its own notes into circulation.
1696 : 1107 AH
  Peter of Russia captures the strategic fortress of Azov from the Ottomans.
  The Sultan of Oman recaptures Fort Jesus of Mombasa from the Portuguese.
1707 : 1119 AH
  Death of Aurangzeb. The Moghul Empire begins to disintegrate.
 

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1708 : 1120 AH
  The assassination of Guru Gobind Singh sets off Sikh revolts against Moghul rule in India.
1713 : 1125 AH
  The British displace the Dutch as the most powerful force in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
1722 : 1134 AH
  Tahmasp II, last Safavid ruler of Persia ascends the Persian throne.
  Nizam ul Mulk is appointed the Subedar of Hyderabad.
1736 : 1149 AH
  Nadir Shah becomes Emperor of Persia, displaces the Safavid Tahmasp II.
1739 : 1152 AH
  Nadir Shah of Persia invades India, sacks Delhi, and carries off the Peacock Throne.
1740 : 1153 AH
  Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab starts his movement in Najd, Arabia.
1741 : 1154 AH
  Ahmed ibn Said becomes Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar and attempts to build a strong navy. 
1746 : 1159 AH
  Muhammed ibn Saud establishes the Saudi dynasty near Riyadh.
1754 : 1167 AH
  The French General Dupleix leaves India. France loses the contest for control of Indian trade to the British.
1756 : 1169 AH
  Anglo-French wars in India and America (1756-63). The British are victorious over the French.
1757 : 1170 AH
  The Battle of Plassey. The British gain control of Bengal, India.
1758 : 1171 AH
  The Industrial Revolution in England gains momentum, fueled by the loot from Bengal.
  The Marathas occupy Lahore; oust Timur, son of Nadir Shah of Kabul.
1761 : 1174 AH
  Third Battle of Panipat near Delhi. The Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeat Maratha armies.
1762 : 1175 AH
  Death of Shah Waliullah of Delhi, leading reformer.
1763 : 1176 AH
  The Treaty of Paris. The French give up their interests in India and America.
 

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1764 : 1177 AH
  The British starve the Begums of Oudh, India, to surrender their jewels.
  Battle of Buxor. The British defeat the combined armies of Oudh, Bengal and Delhi.
1765 : 1178 AH
  The British wage a brutal campaign against the Afghans of Rohilla in India.
1767 : 1181 AH
  The First Mysore War (1767-68). Tippu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali force the British to sue for peace.
1772 : 1186 AH
  The British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
1776 : 1190 AH
  The Colonies declare independence in America. The American War of Independence (1776-83) follows.
1780 : 1194 AH
  The Second Mysore War. Tippu Sultan defeats the British at the Battle of Pollipur.
1781 : 1195 AH
  George Washington defeats General Cornwallis at the Battle of Saratoga. Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, retires to England, is hired by the East India Company, and is sent to battle Tippu Sultan of Mysore.
1787 : 1201 AH
  Death of Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab of Arabia.
1789 : 1203 AH
  The Third Mysore War (1789-91). Cornwallis forces Tippu Sultan to cede half of his Territory; takes Tippu’s children as hostage.
  Beginning of the French Revolution.
1793 : 1207 AH
  The British Permanent Settlement Act imposes feudal landlords upon Bengal.
1798 : 1213 AH
  Napoleon lands in Egypt and is victorious at the Battle of the Pyramids.
  The British capture Colombo from the Dutch.
1799 : 1214 AH
  Napoleon corresponds with Tippu Sultan of Mysore and the Sultan of Oman about an invasion of India.
  Tippu Sultan falls at the Battle of Srirangapatam.
  Napoleon is defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar and is forced to withdraw from Egypt.
1801 : 1216 AH
  The Wahhabis raid Karbala. Wahhabi movement spreads to Iraq. The Wahhabis raid the Hejaz.
1803 : 1218 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Ottoman governor of Egypt; starts a long series of reforms.
  The Marathas in Poona, India, sue for peace with the British.
  Denmark abolishes the slave trade.
  Emir Abdul Aziz of Najd captures Mecca.
1805 : 1220 AH
  Muhammed Ali becomes the Pasha of Egypt.
1806 : 1221 AH
  British armies enter Delhi.
 

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1807 : 1222 AH
  Uthman dan Fuduye establishes the Sokoto Caliphate.
  Muhammed Ali Pasha beats back a British attempt to seize Alexandria, Egypt.
1808 : 1223 AH
  The United States abolishes the slave trade.
1812 : 1227 AH
  Muhammed Ali of Egypt recaptures Mecca and Hejaz from the Wahhabis (1812-15).
1817 : 1232 AH
  Death of Uthman dan Fuduye, mujahid in West Africa.
  Muhammed Bello becomes Caliph of the Sokoto Empire.
1818 : 1233 AH
  Holland abolishes the slave trade.
1821 : 1236 AH
  Greek war against the Ottomans.
1827 : 1242 AH
  Naval Battle of Navarino pits European axis against the Ottomans.
  Shaykh Ahmed Lobo establishes the kingdom of Lobo in West Africa.
1828 : 1243 AH
  War between Russia and the Ottomans over control of the Black Sea. Russia advances into Anatolia.
1830 : 1246 AH
  Greece breaks off from the Ottoman Empire.
  France occupies Algiers.
1834 : 1250 AH
  Beginning of Muslim resistance to the Russians in Daghestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.
1835 : 1251 AH
  The Ottomans defeat the French at Malta.
  The British replace Persian with English in the higher courts in India.
1837 : 1253 AH
  Sanusiya Sufi brotherhood is founded in North Africa.
1838 : 1254 AH
  British invasion of Afghanistan ends in failure.
1839 : 1255 AH
  Abdul Mecit I becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Beginning of Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire.
1840 : 1256 AH
  France starts colonization of Algeria.
1846 : 1262 AH
  The Bank Act of 1846 in England confers legal recognition on the negotiability of credit documents.
1848 : 1264 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah ascends the throne of Persia.
1850 : 1266 AH
  The Bahai schism starts in Persia.
1851 : 1267 AH
  The British build a railroad linking Alexandria with Suez (1851-54).
1853 : 1269 AH
  The Tijaniya Sufi brotherhood is established in West Africa.
  Beginning of the Crimean War. Britain and France support the Ottomans against Russia.
 

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1854 : 1270 AH
  Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt grants a concession to French Engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps to build the Suez Canal. Egypt borrows funds from international bankers to complete the canal.
  The Ottomans take their first loan from international bankers.
1856 : 1272 AH
  End of the Crimean war between Russia and the Ottomans.
1857 : 1273 AH
  The Sepoy Uprising in India. After initial successes, the Uprising is crushed by the British. End of Moghul rule. The British exile the last Moghul Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon, Burma.
1858 : 1274 AH
  The Russians capture Imam Shamil, Naqshbandi Imam in Daghestan. End of Muslim resistance in Chechnya and Daghestan.
1859 : 1275 AH
  Death of Muhammed al Sanusi, Reformer, Sufi Shaykh of Libya.
1860 : 1276 AH
  Alhajj Omar resists French colonization in Sene-Gambia.
1861 : 1277 AH
  American Civil War (1861-65). The price of Egyptian cotton soars in world markets.
1863 : 1280 AH
  Abraham Lincoln proclaims the abolition of slavery.
1869 : 1286 AH
  The Suez Canal opens with much fanfare.
  The price of Egyptian cotton drops precipitously. Egyptian public debt mounts.
  Tunisia falters on debt payments to European bankers. The International Debt Commission for Tunisia assumes control over Tunisian finances.
1871 : 1288 AH
  A unified Germany emerges as the most powerful continental power in Europe.
1873 : 1290 AH
  The Dutch capture the Kingdom of Acheh in Sumatra. Beginning of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia.
1874 : 1291 AH
  Syed Ahmed Khan founds the Aligarh College in India.
1875 : 1292 AH
  Egypt sells off its share in the Suez Canal Company to the British to partially offset its debts.
1876 : 1293 AH
  Abdul Hamid II becomes the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph. He starts consolidation of ties with Muslim peoples worldwide.
  Egypt falters on debt payments. Britain and France appoint a Commission on Egyptian Public Debt with the power to confiscate revenues.
 

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1877 : 1294 AH
  Russia invades the Ottoman Empire (1877-78). Russian troops advance to within ten miles of Istanbul and dictate capitulation terms to the Turks at the Treaty of San Stefano.
1878 : 1295 AH
  Egypt is forced by Britain and France to accept international control over her finances.
  Treaty of Berlin results in effective dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
  Britain occupies Cyprus.
1879 : 1296 AH
  Britain and France force Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt to abdicate in favor of his son Tawfiq Pasha. Sultan Abdul Hamid acquiesces in the abdication.
1880 : 1297 AH
  The French, in violation of the Treaty of Berlin, occupy Tunisia and declare it a “protectorate”.
1881 : 1298 AH
  Egyptian nationalists under Ahmed Torabi Pasha stage protests against foreign control.
1882 : 1299 AH
  The British bombard Alexandria into submission, defeat the Egyptians at the Battle of Tel el Kabir and occupy Cairo.
  The Mahdi seizes Khartoum and establishes a Caliphate in the Sudan.
1885 : 1302 AH
  The British storm Khartoum. Death of al Mahdi of the Sudan.
  An Englishman, Allan Hume, founds the Indian National Congress.
1888 : 1305 AH
  Ghulam Mirza Ahmed starts the Ahmadiya schism in Punjab, India. The movement draws strong opposition from the ulema.
1891 : 1308 AH
  The Tobacco Concession touches off an uproar in Persia. Peaceful boycott of tobacco, under a fatwa from Hajji Mirza Hassan Shirazi, forces the Shah to rescind the Concession.
1896 : 1314 AH
  Nasiruddin Shah of Persia is assassinated.
1901 : 1319 AH
  Abdul Aziz ibn Saud captures Riyadh.
1906 : 1324 AH
  All India Muslim League is founded.
1907 : 1325 AH
  Death of Muzaffaruddin Shah of Persia. His son Muhammed Ali Mirza becomes the Shah. The first Majlis is elected in Persia.
  The Young Turks Movement in Turkey gathers momentum.
1908 : 1326 AH
  Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  Constitutional revolution in Persia. Muhammed Ali Shah of Persia is deposed. His young son Ahmed Mirza becomes the Shah.
1909 : 1327 AH
  Sultan Abdul Hamid II is deposed by the Young Turks.
  Mehmet V becomes the Sultan.
1911 : 1329 AH
  The Sanusi brotherhood resists the Italian invasion of Libya.
1912 : 1330 AH
  Muhammadiya movement is organized in Indonesia.
  Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1913 : 1331 AH
  The Balkan war begins. Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria invade Ottoman territories. Albania becomes independent. The Ottomans are forced to withdraw from most of the Balkans.
1914 : 1332 AH
  A Serb in Sarajevo murders Prince Francis Ferdinand of Austria. Austria declares war on Serbia.
  Russia declares war on Austria.
  Germany declares war on Russia.
  France and England declare war on Germany.
  The Triple Entente powers (Britain, France and Russia) declare war on the Ottomans.
  Beginning of World War I.
 

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1915 : 1333 AH
  The Ottomans contain British advances in Iraq and beat back attempts to capture Baghdad and Istanbul.
1916 : 1334 AH
  The British promise to set up a unified Arab state.
  Sharif Hussain declares himself king of Hejaz, attacks Ottoman garrisons in Arabia.
  Lawrence of Arabia, a British intelligence officer, works with the Arabs.
  The Sykes-Picot agreement divides up the Ottoman territories between England, France, Russia, Greece and Italy.
1917 : 1335 AH
  Anglo Indian troops under Allenby capture Baghdad and Jerusalem.
  The Balfour Declaration promises to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
  The French take Beirut.
  Germany releases the Bolshevik leader Lenin to pressure Russia to drop out of the War.
  The United States enters the War.
  The Russian army begins to collapse on the western front. The October Revolution brings the Bolsheviks to power. Russia pulls out of the War.
1918 : 1336 AH
  Mehmet VI becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Damascus falls to British Forces.
  Germany and the Ottoman Empire capitulate. End of World War I.
  The Wafd movement starts in Egypt.
1919 : 1337 AH
  The victorious allies partition the Ottoman Empire.
  Greece invades Anatolia.
1920 : 1338 AH
  French mandate over Syria.
  British mandate over Iraq and Palestine.
  The Greeks capture Alashehir, Bahkesir, Bandarma and Bursa.
  The Turks stop the Greeks at the Battle of Ankara.
1921 : 1339 AH
  The British appoint Abdullah, son of Sharif Hussain, as emir of Trans Jordan.
  Faisal, another son of Hussain, is appointed emir of Iraq.
  The Turks are victorious over the Greeks at the Battle of the Sakarya River. Greece retreats from Anatolia.
1922 : 1340 AH
  Abdul Mecit II becomes Ottoman Sultan.
  Mustafa Kemal becomes President of the Republic of Turkey.
1924 : 1342 AH
  The Turkish National Assembly abolishes the Caliphate
 

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1927 : 1345 AH
  Tablighi Jamaat reform movement founded in India
1928 : 1346 AH
  Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brothers) founded in Egypt
1941 : 1360 AH
  Jamaat-i Islami reform movement founded in Lahore, India
1945 : 1364 AH
  Indonesia becomes independent republic
  Islam spreads to the West with mass migrations from Asia, Africa and India
1947 : 1366 AH
  Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
1957 : 1376 AH
  Independent Malayan state established with Islam as the official religion but guaranteed tolerance
1960 : 1379 AH
  Familes from SE Asia and North Africa emigrate to Europe and the Americas
1979 : 1399 AH
  Shah of Iran is overthrown by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni, who establishes strict fundamentalist rule of Shi'a principles
1990 : 1410 AH 
  Taliban come to power in Afghanistan
2001 : 1422 AH 
  Muslim extremists attack the United States 
2003 : 1424 AH     
  Saddam Hussien ousted by Western forces     
 

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